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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880023

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of receptor gene (P2X7, VDR and SLC19A1) polymorphisms with risk suffering from acute leukemia (AL) in Fujian area.@*METHODS@#Ninety-three cases of newly diagnosed AL as AL group and 90 persons not suffered from hematologic and other tumors as control group were selected and used for comparative analysis of receptor gene polymorphisms and risk suffering from AL between case and control groups. The bone marrow and peripheral blood were collected, from which the DNA was extracted. The PCR-RFLP was used to detect 8 SNP sites (P2X7: rs208294, rs2230911, rs3751143; VDR: rs2228570, rs7975232; SLC194A1: rs1051266, rs1131596, rs3788200) of receptor genes related with the environment response, and the genotypes analysis was used to the correlation of receptor gene polymorphisms with risk suffering from adult AL.@*RESULTS@#The unvariate logistic analysis showed that as compared with control group, P2X7 rs208294 T>C mutation and rs3751143 A>C mutation in codominant model, dominant model and over-dominant model were higher in case group, moreover the differences were statistically significant (PA mutation could increase the risk suffering from AL (PC mutation is one of protective factors against adult acute leukemia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Case-Control Studies , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Homozygote , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Receptors, Purinergic P2X7
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1299-1304, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246771

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect the abnormal methylation of the CPG island in the suppressor gene promoter region of the Wnt signaling pathway in cell strain NB4 of the acute promyelocytic leukemia by using the bisulfite sequcucing PCR(BSP), to screan the hyper-methylated suppressor gene of the Wnt signaling pathway and to evaluatc the potency of BSP in the methylation study.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The strain NB4 cells of the acute promyelocytic leukemia patients were used as the object, the mononuclear cells from 20 normal persons were used as the controls. The DNA was extracted and processed by bisulfite, the target sequences were amplified with PCR, then the abnormal methylation of the suppressor genes of the Wnt signaling pathway in the NB4 cells was analyzed by BSP, and the advantage and disadvantage of BSP were evaluated by comparison with the Methylation specific PCR and Pyrosequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The methylated rate of suppressor genes of the Wnt signaling pathways in the NB4 cells detected by BSP was as follows: the gene WIF1 95.26%, the gene DKK3 86%, the gene SFRP1 81.67%, the gene SFRP2 95.71%, the gene SFRP4 85%, and the gene SFRP5 95%; while the methylations in the control group were respectively as follows: the gene WIF-1 1.5%, the gene DKK3 4.2%, the gene SFRP1 0%, the gene SFRP2 0.9%, the gene SFRP4 2.5%, and the gene SFRP5 1.75%. A more significant methylation happened in the suppressor genes promoter of the Wnt signaling pathway in the NB4 cells as compared with the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Many hypermethylated suppressor genes are found in the Wnt signaling pathway of the acute promyelocytic leukemia NB4 cells, which may be served as one of the early diagnosis index and therapeutic target of the acute promyelocytic leukemia.</p>

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231006

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the varieties and origin of Primulaceae plants that used in Tibetan medicine were analyzed. The results showed that there were 3 genera and 44 species (including the varieties) of Primulaceae plants were recorded in the relevant literatures. Among them, 17 varieties were recorded in Tibetan names, 24 varieties were recorded in Chinese names and 1 variety was used in both of them. In current quality criteria of standards at all levels in China country, 6 varieties were recorded in Tibetan names and 6 original plants were involved, which were 35% and 14% of them respectively. Seventeen varieties were recorded in Chinese name and 7 original plants were involved, which were 30% and 16% of them respectively. In Tibetan medicine standards and literatures, there were big differences between Tibetan names and Chinese names which were translated from Tibetan names and its original plants. There were only regulations of morphological identification and microscopic authentication, so the standards were very inadequate. Therefore, through literatures research, resources and current situation investigations, combining the research and specification of the name and original of Tibetan medicine, the level of normalization and standardization could be enhanced, the stable and controllable safety and utility in clinical medication could be ensured to promote advancement of industry technology Tibetan medicine.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237688

ABSTRACT

This paper is in order to discussion with the composition and characteristics of Tibetan medicine plant resources, and promote the reasonable protection and utilization of the resources of Tibetan materia medica. Statistical analysis of species, distributions, and others of Chinese endemic seed plant from Tibetan medicine plants and usually used in the clinic of Tibetan medicine. The results showed that there are 523 species (25%) of Chinese endemic seed plant, belonging to 65 families and 162 genera, in about 2 000 varieties of Tibetan medicine plants recorded in relevant literatures. There are 180 Chinese endemic seed plant species (28%) belonging to 42 families and 72 genera from 625 medicine plants usually used in the clinic of Tibetan medicine. Specifically, the most of these Chinese endemic seed plant species are characteristic crude drug used in Tibetan medicine, and mainly or only distributed in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. And a few species of them were intersected with traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) and other ethnic medicines. In addition, about 10% are listed in China Species Red List. The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is the most abundant areas of Areal-types of the Chinese endemic seed plant. This is the biological and ecological reason formation the characteristics of Tibetan medicine plant resources. Therefore, strengthen the research of Chinese endemic seed plants used in Tibetan medicine is great significance for the reasonable protection and utilization of Tibetan medicine plant resources.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Classification , Seeds , Chemistry , Classification , Tibet
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246084

ABSTRACT

In this paper, an analysis was made on the varieties and standards of labiatae medicinal plants used in Tibetan medicine. The results showed 71 species of labiatae plants in 21 genera (including varieties) recorded in relevant literatures, involving 44 varieties of medicinal materials. Specifically, seven species (9.9%) were intersected with traditional Chinese medicines (TCM), 19 varieties (43%) were recorded in Chinese medicinal material standards at all levels, and 27 species (38%) were source plants. In Tibetan medicine standards and literatures, there are great differences between Tibetan names and translated Chinese names and among varieties of source plants. Apart from a few of varieties intersected with traditional Chinese medicines had complete standards and regulations in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, most of species only had characters, microscopic, physical and chemical identifications in Standards Issued by Ministry of Health-Tibetan Medicine, Tibetan Medicine Standard and local standards. Therefore, the Tibetan medicinal material variety-source specification and quality standard system shall be promoted on the basis of literatures research, investigations for resources and current applications and modern pharmaceutical studies.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Lamiaceae , Chemistry , Classification , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Reference Standards , Phytotherapy , Reference Standards , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Classification
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341869

ABSTRACT

To understand Lophatherum gracile plant community's structural characteristics, a survey of community structure and species diversity was conducted through quadrat sampling in Yongchuan district of Chongqing. The results showed that there were 386 species vascular plants, belonging to 117 families and 229 genera. Based on habitat, community structure and species composition, L. gracile were found in three community types: Pinus massoniana community, banboo community, shurb community. Vertical structure was composed of three layers, including tree layer, shrub layer and herb layer. Species in shrub layer was the richness. P. massoniana is the only dominant species of the community, it can not regenerate naturally, the shrub layer has a greater effect on the community of L. gracile in the future. In addition, the banboo community and shurb community is not stable because of human's activity. Therefore, the community characters of L. gracile should be taken care of conservation when the resources are utilized.


Subject(s)
China , Ecosystem , Pinus , Physiology , Plants , Poaceae , Physiology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284023

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to quantitatively detect the levels of microRNA-193b (miR-193b) in leukemia patients and explore its significance. Real time fluorescent quantitative PCR was used to detect the relative expression level of miR-193b. The expression changes of miR-193b in various types of leukemia were analyzed. Then the relationship among miR-193b expression, parts of laboratory index and the response to chemotherapy was analyzed as well. The results showed that miR-193b expression level in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients was not lower than that in normal group (P > 0.05). Except for APL, miR-193b expression level in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients was lower than that in normal group (P < 0.05). In AML (except for APL) patients, there was no correlation between white blood cell count (P > 0.05), the expression of CD34 (P > 0.05) and miR-193b expression level, but there was negative correlation between chemotherapy response and miR-193b expression level (P < 0.05). It is concluded that miR-193b expression level may be correlated with susceptibility of cells to chemotherapy in AML (except for APL) patients. miR-193b maybe become a new target in AML (except for APL) therapy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Diagnosis , Genetics , Therapeutics , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Diagnosis , Genetics , Therapeutics , Male , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Middle Aged , Tissue Donors , Young Adult
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244899

ABSTRACT

This study was to purposed to explore the methylation status changes of IEX-1 gene promoter CpG island and its relevance with occurrence of hematologic malignancies. The methylation status of IEX-1 gene promoter CpG island in 9 NB4, HL-60 U937, Raji, CA46, Jurkat, K562, CEM and Molt4 hematologic malignant cell lines was detected by using methylation-specific PCR, the methylation status of IEX-1 gene promoter CpG island in normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells treated by M. sssI enzyme and the methylation status of IEX-1 gene promoter CpG island in normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells untreated were used as positive and negative controls respectively. The results showed that the hypermethylation of IEX-1 gene promoter CpG islands was detected in NB4, Molt4 and Raji cell lines, as well as in normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells treated by M. sssl enzyme; the partial methylation status was found in CA46, CEM, U937, K562, HL-60 and Jurkat cell lines; the unmethylation status was observed in untreated normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells. It is concluded that the changes of methylation status of gene IEX-1 promoter CpG island correlates with hematologic malignancies to a certain extent.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , CpG Islands , DNA Methylation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Hematologic Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Pathology , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243370

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of epigallocatechin-3-galate (EGCG) on acute monocytic leukemia cell line U937 and its relevant mechanism. The viability of U937 cells were assayed by SRB method. The cell cycle of U937 cells was analyzed by flow cytometry. The mRNA and protein expression of p16 gene were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. Methylation level of U937 cells was analyzed by n-MSP. The mRNA expression of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), DNMT3A and DNMT3B genes were analyzed by RT-PCR. The results showed that EGCG could inhibit the growth of U937 cells significantly in dose-and time-dependent manners (r=0.71), and induce the G0/G1 arrest of U937 cells in dose-dependent manner. EGCG could up-regulate the mRNA and protein expression of P16 gene in U937 cells in dose-dependent manner. EGCG could down-regulate the methylation level of p16 gene in U937 cells in dose-dependent manner. EGCG could down-regulate the mRNA expression of DNMT3A, DNMT3B genes, while did not influence the mRNA expression of DNMT1 gene. It is concluded that EGCG can up-regulate the mRNA and protein expression of p16 gene by demethylation or/and by inhibiting DNMT3A and DNMT3B genes, leading, in turn, to G0/G1 arrest and growth inhibition of U937 cells.


Subject(s)
Catechin , Pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferase 1 , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases , Metabolism , DNA Methylation , Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic , Genes, p16 , Humans , Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute , Genetics , U937 Cells
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243346

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the reversing effect of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) on methylation status and the regulatory effect on transcription of malignant lymphoma cell line CA46 p16 gene as well as their possibe mechanisms. The hypermethylated malignant lymphoma cell line CA46 was used as a subject of experiment for studying relation of gene methylation with expression. The effect of As2O3 on the proliferation and viability of CA46 was detected by SRB method, the change of p16 methylation status after exposure to As2O3 was determined by nMSP, the expressions of p16, DNMT1, DNMT3A, DNMT3B mRNA were assayed by RT-PCR, the influence of As2O3 on CA46 cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry using analytical method for DNA ploidy. The results showed that the methylation level of p16 gene was obviously reduced after treatment with As2O3 for 72 hours and the hypermethylation of p16 gene was successfully reversed; the expression of p16 gene in untreated (control) group was low while it was enhanced in treated groups; the gray scale ratios of p16 gene to beta-actin in groups treated with As2O3 of concentration 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 micromol/L were 0.33+/-0.10, 0.57+/-0.11 and 0.67+/-0.09 respectively, exhibiting a significant difference in comparison with 0.73+/-0.13 of positive control (p<0.01); as compared with the untreated group, the expression of DNMT3A and DNMT3B in treated groups was obviously down-regulated in a concentration-dependent manner, while expression of DNMT1 was nearly unchanged; as compared with control, all the 3 different concentrations of As2O3 could inhibit the proliferation of CA46 cells and increase the cell number in G0/G1 phase. It is concluded that the As2O3 may up-regulate the expression of p16 gene, recover the activity of p16 gene, thereby promote the regulatory function on cell cycle resul-ting in arrest of cells in G0/G1 phase and inhibit growth of tumor cells through depressing the expression of DNMT3A and DNMT3B and/or directly reversing the methylation status of p16 gene.


Subject(s)
Arsenicals , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Genetics , Metabolism , DNA Methylation , Genes, p16 , Humans , Lymphoma , Genetics , Oxides , Pharmacology , Transcriptional Activation
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243287

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to develop a simple, rapid, accurate and wound-free single-tube multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay, which can be used for molecular screening and prenatal diagnosis of 3 types of the commonest deletional alpha-thalassemias in Chinese population. The deletional alpha-thalassemias free fetal DNA of 50 anemic pregnant plasma were detected by means of single-tube multiplex PCR with 4 groups of primers designed by using the gap-PCR protocol. The results showed that 5 cases were found to be alpha-thalassemias in free fetal DNA of 50 anaemia pregnant plasma, out of them 3 cases were the Southeast Asia type of deletional alpha-thalassemias, 2 cases were alpha-(3.7) type of deletional alpha-thalassemias (rightward deletion). It is concluded that the single-tube multiplex PCR assay presented in this study is a simple and convenient, rapid and accurate method for detecting 3 common deletional alpha-thalassemias, and use of this method has an important significance for the deletional alpha-thalassemias to ensure the population health quality and reduce the social burden.


Subject(s)
DNA , Genetics , DNA Primers , Female , Fetus , Humans , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Sequence Deletion , alpha-Thalassemia , Diagnosis , Genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343372

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the efficiency of nested methylation specific polymerase chain reaction (nMS-PCR) for detecting the APC gene promoter methylation and to clarify the roles of methylation in genesis and development of hematologic malignancies, as well as to screen the hematologic malignant cell lines with hypermethylation of APC gene promoter to use as an ideal cell model for exploring the relationship between gen methylation and gene expression. The genome DNA of 10 cell lines modified with bisulfide was amplified and the methylation status of APC gene promoter was detected by using nMS-PCR. The results showed that the methylation of APC gene promoter was detected in Jurkat cells, while could not be detected in CA46, U266, Molt4, K562, HL-60, CEM, AKR, U937 and Raji cell lines. In conclusion, APC gene methylation in hematological malignant cell lines can be accurately detected by nMS-PCP method, which is simple method for detecting methylation status of various hematological malignant cell lines.


Subject(s)
DNA Methylation , Genes, APC , HL-60 Cells , Humans , K562 Cells , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Promoter Regions, Genetic
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230328

ABSTRACT

The study was purposed to investigate the effect of arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3))- induced p16 gene demethylation by a sensitive and specific PCR-based method (nested-methylation specific PCR, n-MSP) and DNA sequencing for rapid analysis of the promoter demethylation status, and to explore the possible mechanism of the p16 gene demethylation in human multiple myeloma U266 cells induced by As(2)O(3). The methylation status of the p16 gene in U266 cell line before and after treatment with As(2)O(3) was detected by the nested-methylation specific PCR and DNA sequencing, the mRNA of p16, DNA methyltransferase (DNMT 1, DNMT3A and 3B) gene were determined by RT-PCR, and the induced growth inhibition of U266 cell was assayed by growth curve, MTT and CFU; the DNA content of U266 cells was analyzed by flow cytometry after being exposed to As(2)O(3). The results showed that (1) all cytosines in CpG dinucleotides in untreated U266 cell not were changed, while all cytosines in treated U266 cells with As(2)O(3) had been converted to thymidine. (2) p16 gene was not expressed in U266 cell line after methylation. As compared with the beta-actin, the expression of U266 cell p16 gene mRNA was increased to (0.22 +/- 0.10), (0.59 +/- 0.11), (0.68 +/- 0.09) after exposed to 0.5 micromol/L, 1.0 micromol/L and 2.0 micromol/L As(2)O(3) for 72 hours respectively. (3) As(2)O(3) could significantly down-regulate DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT 1), DNMT3A and DNMT3B gene at mRNA level in a dose-dependent manner. (4) U266 cells line grew slowly and arrested at G(0) - G(1) phase after treatment with three different concentrations of As(2)O(3). It is concluded that As(2)O(3) can activate and up-regulate the expression of p16 gene which inhibits the proliferation of U266 cell through inducing the G(0) - G(1) arrest by demethylation or/and by inhibiting DNMT 1, DNMT3A and 3B gene.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Arsenicals , Pharmacology , Base Sequence , Cell Line, Tumor , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Genetics , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferase 1 , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases , Genetics , DNA Methylation , Genes, p16 , Humans , Molecular Sequence Data , Multiple Myeloma , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Oxides , Pharmacology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Transcription, Genetic
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230288

ABSTRACT

The study was aimed to explore the relationship between patterns of methylation or deletion and the development of acute leukemia, and further to clarify the possible mechanism in the development of adult acute leukemia. Nested methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (n-MSP) was adopted to analyze p16 gene methylation or deletion patterns in 82 adult acute leukemia patients with different subtypes and stages. The results indicated that rate of p16 gene methylation was 39.0% in 82 adult acute leukemia patients, among them, 41.4% in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and 33.3% in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). It were found that 36.6% of de novo AL patients and 54.5% of relapsed AL patients developed the hypermethylation of p16 gene. Out of the 82 patients, 6 seemed to have deletion of p16 gene, including 1 AML (1.7%) and 5 ALL (20.8%). There were no hypermethylation or deletion of p16 gene in the 16 controls. It is concluded that methylation of p16 gene may play a more important role than homozygous deletion of p16 gene in the leukemogenesis and progression of adult acute leukemia.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Base Sequence , CpG Islands , Genetics , DNA Methylation , DNA, Neoplasm , Genetics , Female , Genes, p16 , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Molecular Sequence Data , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230263

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the methylation or deletion status of p15 gene in different malignant cell lines, and further to clarify their roles in the development and progression of malignant tumors. Hemi-nested methylation specific polymerase chain reaction (hn-MSP) was adopted to analyze p15 gene methylation or deletion status in 20 malignant tumor cell lines and mononuclear cells or normal cell lines in healthy people, as well as to evaluate its sensitivity and specificity. The results showed that among all of the cell lines, Molt-4, KG1, NCE, Raji, SMMC-7221, CA46, SW480 and NCI-H446 were partial methylated with CDKN2B gene, and its sensitivity of detection of p15 gene methylation was up to 1.0 x 10(-5), also it had great specificity. Peripheral blood mononuclear cell (MNCs) from healthy volunteer, HL-60, HepG2, 293, HeLa, SGC7901, U266 and CEM were unmethylated; and K562, NB4, GMC, Jurkat seemed to have deletion or mutation of p15 gene. It is concluded that the incidence of p15 gene methylation or deletion in many tumours, especially malignant hematopathy, is frequent, they correlate with disease progression and prognosis. Hn-MSP is highly sensitive and specific in analyzing p15 gene methylation, deserving in clinical application.


Subject(s)
CpG Islands , Genetics , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15 , Genetics , DNA Methylation , Gene Deletion , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Hematologic Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Humans , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Tumor Cells, Cultured
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280662

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the efficiency of modified methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction i.e. nested methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction, used to detect the promoter methylation of p16 gene in six hematological malignant cell lines, and to explore the application in selection of hematological malignant cell lines with promoter hypermethylation, and make them to be an idel cell models for studying the relationship between gene methylation and expression. DNAs were denatured by NaOH and then were subjected to bisulfite modification and a nested-MSP was used to amplify the promoter region, nested MSP product of p16 gene promoter was analyzed and sequenced. The results showed that the hypermethylation of p16 gene was detected in CA46 and U266, however, Molt4, K562, HL-60 and Jurkat cell lines were unmethylated. In conclusion, p16 gene methylation in hematological malignant cell lines can be perfectly detected by nested-MSP method, which is simple, sensitive and specific for screening all kinds of hematological malignant cell lines with p16 gene methylated.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA Methylation , Genes, p16 , HL-60 Cells , Hematologic Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Humans , K562 Cells , Lymphoma , Genetics , Pathology , Molecular Sequence Data , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337650

ABSTRACT

The study was designed to investigate annexin II resulting in molecular pathological mechanism of the primary fibrinolysis and establish annexin II vector model for further research on disturbance of coagulation. A target gene was amplified from human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) by RT-PCR. Annexin II gene fragment was purified and ligated with molecular biological recombinant technology. The recombinant of plasmid annexin II was transfected into HL-60 cells and its distribution in the cell and structure characteristics of annexin II protein were evaluated by multi-photon excitation laser scanning microscope. By means of flow cytometry (FCM) and Werstern blot technique, the protein expression was qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed. Transfected cells were treated in vitro with annexin II antisense oligonucleotide (AS) targeting to the start site of annexin II cDNA. The results showed that the recombinant pZeoSV2(+)/ANN II was constructed successfully and expressed in HL-60 cells. The protein expression was distributed on the surface of cell by fluorescence assay. After transfection for 48 hours, the cells occurred higher level of expression. The level of the plasmin was significantly enhanced in the present of annexin II. The FCM and Western blot analysis showed the annexin II expression was similar both in transiently and stably transfected in HL-60 cells. Annexin II antisense oligonucletide and McAb significantly inhibited the activity of plasminogen. It was concluded that annexin II plays an important role in the fibrinotysis. Annexin II vector was defined as a expression tool for further studying fibrinolysis and coagulopathy in malignant disease.


Subject(s)
Annexin A2 , Genetics , Physiology , Endothelium, Vascular , Chemistry , Cell Biology , Fibrinolysis , Genetic Vectors , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Oligonucleotides, Antisense , Pharmacology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recombinant Proteins
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