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1.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 578-582, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806784

ABSTRACT

A total of 108 subjects were enrolled in this study, including 21 healthy subjects(control group), 34 non-obese patients with polycystic ovary syndrome [PCOS1 group, body mass index(BMI)<25 kg/m2], 32 obese patients with PCOS(PCOS2 group, BMI≥25 kg/m2), and 21 simple obese patients whose age and BMI matched with PCOS2(OB group). BMI, waist-hip ratio(WHR), fasting plasma glucose(FPG), postprandial 2h plasma glucose(2hPG), HbA1C, fasting insulin(FINS), postprandial 2h insulin(2hINS), sex hormones, and lipid parameters were determined. The status of insulin resistance was assessed by homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistant index(HOMA-IR)and insulin sensitivity index(ISI). Levels of plasma galectin-3 and interleukin-6(IL-6)were detected by ELISA. The results showed that the plasma level of galectin-3 was significantly higher in PCOS group than those in control and OB groups(all P<0.05). Moreover, the level of galectin-3 was also higher in OB group compared with control group, while galectin-3 level in PCOS2 group was higher than that in PCOS1 group(all P<0.05). After adjusted by age, BMI, and WHR, correlation analysis showed that the level of galectin-3 was positively correlated with FPG, 2hPG, FINS, HOMA-IR, highly-sensitive C-reactive protein, and IL-6, while negatively correlated with ISI. A multiple linear regression analysis revealed that the plasma galectin-3 concentration was independently associated with IL-6, HOMA-IR, and BMI(all P<0.05). These data suggest that plasma galectin-3 is closely associated with glucose metabolism, chronic inflammation, and insulin resistance, which may be involved in the pathogenesis of PCOS. (Chin J Endocrinol Metab, 2018, 34: 578-582)

2.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 473-476, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691816

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the impairment effect of retinol binding protein 4(RBP4) on neurocognitive function in diabetic nephropathy(DN) patients with silent cerebral infarction(SCI) and to explore its mechanism.Methods Sixty patients with newly diagnosed DN and 30 healthy volunteers were selected as the study subjects and the DN cases were divided into the complicating SCI group(SCI,n=30) and non-complicating SCI group(NSCI,n=30) according to the imaging results.The degrees of neurological function deficit and Montreal cognitive assessment(MoCA) were evaluated.Serum RBP4 level was determined by ELISA and expressions of Lp-PLA2 and C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4(CXCR4) were determined by Western blot.Results Compared with the NSCI group,the neurocognitive function in the SCI group was subsided,the expression levels of RBP4,Lp-PLA2 and CXCR4 were increased(P<0.05).The RBP4 level was positively correlated with the neurocognitive function impairment in SCI patients,moreover,there existed a regression correlation between them.Conclusion Serum RBP4 may serve as the predictive factor of DN complicating SCI and is positively correlated with neurocognitive dysfunction.Lp-PLA2/CXCR4 pathway activation may be one of its pathogenesis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 712-716, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476496

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of miR-335-5p on the proliferation and apoptosis of osteoblasts which were exposed to high glucose condition, and explore its possible molecular mechanisms. Methods MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts were divided into four groups:control group(5. 5 mmol/L glucose), high glucose group(HG group, 22. 0 mmol/L glucose), agomir-335-5p group(transfected with agomir-335-5p and exposed to 22. 0 mmol/L glucose) , and agomir negative control group( agomir NC group, transfected with agomir negative control and exposed to 22. 0 mmol/L glucose), cultured for 7 days. Cell proliferaton, cell apoptosis, expressions of miR-335-5p and dickkopfhomolog1(DKK1)mRNA,proteinlevelsofDKK1andcysteinylaspartate-specificproteinase-3(caspase-3) were detected using MTT, flow cytometry, quantitative realtime PCR and western blot, respectively. Results Compared with control group, the expression of miR-335-5p mRNA and cell proliferation in HG group were significantly decreased(P0. 05). The miR-335-5p mRNA expression and cell proliferation in agomir-335-5p group were higher than those in HG group and agomir NC group(P<0. 05). However, Cell apoptosis and the protein levels of DKK1 and caspase-3 in agomir-335-5p group were lower than those in HG group(P<0. 05). Conclusion High glucose inhibits the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of MC3T3-E1 osteoblast through decreasing the expression of miR-335-5p and subsequently increasing the DKK1 expression.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 571-576, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477927

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between serum secreted frizzled-related protein 4 (SFRP4) and the first-phase of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion from pancreatic β cell under different glucose tolerance statuses. Methods Fifty-six patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus ( T2DM group), 52 patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT group), and 42 subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT group) underwent intravenous glucose tolerance test. Fasting serum SFRP4 and interleukin ( IL)-1β were assayed by ELISA. Acute insulin response ( AIR), the area under the curve of the first-phase (0-10 min) insulin secretion (AUC), glucose disposition index(GDI), homeostasis model assessment for β cell function index(HOMA-β), and insulin resistance index(HOMA-IR) were calculated. Results (1) The levels of SFRP4 and IL-1β in T2DM group and IGT group were significantly higher than that in NGT group [(184. 38 ± 61. 34 or 141. 64 ± 40. 46 or 95. 46 ± 20. 13)ng/ ml, P<0. 01]. AIR, AUC, and GDI in T2DM group and IGT group were significantly lower than those in NGT group(P<0. 01), and these results were more significantly reduced in T2DM group compared with those in IGT group. (2) SFRP4 was negatively correlated with AIR, AUC, GDI, HOMA-β (P<0. 01), and positively correlated with fasting plasma glucose, 2 h plasma glucose after glucose loading, HbA1C , IL-1β, and high sensitive C-reactive protein(P<0. 01). (3) Multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that AUC, HOMA-IR, and serum IL-1β level were independently associated with SFRP4. Conclusion The concentration of serum SFRP4 is closely correlated with the glycolipid metabolic disorder, the first-phase of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, and chronic low-grade inflammation. SFRP4 may be involved in the mechanism of β cell dysfunction in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

5.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1888-1890, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468191

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsule on oxidative stress and vascular endothe‐lial function in the patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM ) .Methods A total of 86 patients with T2DM were randomly di‐vided into the routine glucose‐reducing group(routine group ,40 cases) and the Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsule group(Yindan Xin‐naotong group ,46 cases) .On the basis of diet control and exercise ,the routine group was given the glucose‐reducing therapy for blood glucose reaching the standard for 12 successive weeks ,while on the basis of blood glucose reaching the standard by the rou‐tine therapy ,the Yindan Xinnaotong group was added with Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsule ,1 .2 g per time ,3 times daily for 12 successive weeks .The changes of blood lipids ,MDA ,SOD ,NO and ET were determined before treatment and after 12‐week treat‐ment .The flow mediated endothelium‐dependent diastolic function (FMD) and non‐flow mediated endothelium‐dependent diastolic function (NMD) in brachial artery were simultaneously detected using ultrasonography .Results After 12 weeks of treatment ,the levels of TC ,TG ,LDL‐C ,MDA and ET in the two group were obviously decreased compared with before treatment ,the levels of HDL‐C ,SOD ,NO and FMD in both groups were increased (P<0 .05);moreover the above indexes after treatment in the Yindan Xinnaotong group had significant changes compared with the routine group (P<0 .05) .Conclusion Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Cap‐sule can down‐regulate oxidative stress and regulate the lipid metabolic abnormality and obviously improve the injured vascular en‐dothelial function in T2DM .

6.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 760-764, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457119

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and epidemiologic characteristics of metabolic syndrome (MS) in adults aged over 35 years in Chongqing.Methods Randomly selected adults were studied by means of multi-stage sampling.A cross-sectional study was conducted in Chongqing with a representative sample of 5 384 Chinese adults aged over 35 years.After an overnight fasting,participants underwent an oral glucose tolerance test,fasting and 2-hour plasma glucose,blood lipid profile as well as height,body weight,blood pressure were measured.In this survey,the prevalence of MS was analyzed according to the diagnostic criteria of International Diabetes Federation in 2005.Results The crude prevalence of MS was 20.28%,and the standardized prevalence was 18.72% after age was adjusted.Compared to male population,female participants showed a higher prevalence (25.55% vs 12.90%,P<0.01).The prevalence of MS was higher in urban residents than in rural (26.65% vs 16.94%,P<0.01).The prevalence of MS increased with age,along with the highest prevalence in the group aged over 65 years.The incidences of central obesity,high triglyceridemia,hyperglycemia,hypertension,and low highdensity lipoprotein-cholesterol were 30.11%,26.17%,43.93%,54.03%,and 27.23%,respectively.There were at least 83.06% subjects who possessed more than 1 risk factor.The most common combination of four components of MS were central obesity,high triglyceridemia,hyperglycemia,and hypertension.Conclusion There is a high prevalence of MS in adult residents in Chongqing.MS is increasingly becoming a noteworthy health problem requiring urgent attention for its prevention and treatment.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 678-681, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456559

ABSTRACT

To investigate the relationships among plasma secreted frizzled-related protein ( sfrp) 5 level and body fat parameters, glucolipid metabolism, insulin resistance index, and inflammation. 89 subjects with normal glucose tolerance(NGT) and 87 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were enrolled and each group was divided into no-obese and obese subgroups. Obesity was defined as body mass index ( BMI)≥25 kg/m2 according to the World Health Organization -Western Pacific Region diagnostic criteria ( 2000 ) . Body fat parameters were measured and BMI, waist-hip ratio were evaluated, meanwhile, the levels of blood glucose-lipid parameters and fasting insulin were also determined. Insulin resistance index ( IR) was assessed by homeostasis model assessment ( HOMA) . The concentrations of plasma sfrp5 and interleukin 6 were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Plasma sfrp5 level in T2DM group was significantly lower than that in NGT group [(8. 35±3. 38 vs 11. 35±3. 69)ng/ml, P<0. 01]. The levels of plasma sfrp5 in subjects with obesity were also lower than those in subjects with no-obesity in both NGT and T2DM groups [(9. 46±2. 70 vs 13. 12±3. 62)ng/ml and(6. 70±2. 34 vs 10. 12±3. 45) ng/ml, both P<0. 01]. Plasma concentrations of sfrp5 in T2DM-obese group were significantly lower than that in NGT-obese group(P<0. 01). Correlation analysis showed that plasma sfrp5 levels were negatively correlated with waist-hip ratio, HbA1C, fasting insulin, triglycerides, waist circumference, fasting plasma glucose, interleukin 6, natural logarithm of HOMA-IR [ln(HOMA-IR)], and BMI(P<0. 01 or P<0. 05). Multiple linear regression showed that ln(HOMA-IR), BMI, triglycerides were independent related factors in influencing the levels of plasma sfrp5 (r2=0. 216, 0. 177, 0. 113, all P<0. 05). Plasma sfrp5 levels were decreased in obesity and T2DM subjects and were correlated with body fat disposition, glucose-lipid metabolism, insulin resistance and inflammation. Lack of sfrp5 may contribute to the pathophysiology of obesity and T2DM.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 708-711, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456554

ABSTRACT

Recent studies have shown that brain natriuretic peptide ( BNP ) may be the link between cardiovascular disease and metabolic system. The role for BNP in metabolic pathways has already been the subject of intense interest. This article reviews the evidence of the linkage between BNP and metabolic system.

9.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4852-4853,4856, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599917

ABSTRACT

Objective To initially investigate the time - dependent relation between breviscapine with peroxisome proliferator‐ac‐tivated receptor‐alpha(PPAR‐α) ,apolipoprotein A5 (apoA5) and triglyceride(TG) in HepG2 cells in different time points by ob‐serving the effect of breviscapine on the expression and contents of PPAR‐α ,apoA5 and TG in order to lay a certain foundation for further exploring the concrete mechanism for its regulating TG metabolism .Methods On the basis of earlier stage experiment ,100 mmol/L breviscapine was selected to treat the HepG2 cells at different time points (0 ,6 ,12 ,24 ,36 ,48 h) .The levels of PPAR‐αand apoA5 gene and protein ,and the TG content in HepG2 cells were detected .Results Breviscapine could increase the levels of PPAR‐α and apoA5 gene and protein and decrease the TG content in HepG2 cells (P< 0 .05) ,moreover which showed the time -dependence .Conclusion Breviscapine may decrease the TG level in HepG2 cells ,its mechanism may be realized by increasing the expression of PPAR‐α ,thus increacing the expression of apoA5 in HepG2 cell .

10.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3471-3473,3477, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599493

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between the women menopausal period and metabolic syndrome (MS) .Meth-ods The female residents of Chongqing urban areas above 40 years were selected as the investigation group ,all the subjects were performed the questionnaire survey and the physical examination ,at the same time the biochemical indexes were detected .Finally , 1402 women of natural menopause were included in this study .The study subjects were divided into different groups according to the menopausal period of <5 years ,5- <10 years ,10- <15 years and ≥15 years .The Logistic regression analysis was adopted to analyze the relationship between the menopausal period with MS and its components .Results The MS prevalence in this group was 40 .87% ,and the menopausal period of the women with MS was significantly higher than that without MS (P<0 .05) .The MS prevalences of postmenopausal women in the menopause period of <5 years ,5 - <10 years ,10 - <15 years and ≥15 years were 29 .37% ,34 .29% ,45 .30% and 49 .13% respectively (P<0 .05) .After adjustment for age and BMI (except central obesity ) ,the MS risk in the menopausal period of 10- <15 years and was 1 .54 times of that in the menopausal period of <5 years .The Logis-tic regression analysis showed that BMI and menopausal period were the influence factors of MS .Conclusion Post-menopausal women are the high-risk group of MS and the menopausal period is correlated to MS .

11.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4168-4169,4172, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598617

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between watching television time and impaired glucose regulation (IGR) , type 2 diabetes mellitus in Chongqing City .Methods Population-based cross-sectional study was conducted to investigated the local permanent staff(lived in Chongqing more than 5 years) who were 40 years old or elder in Chongqing City .Results The overall prevalence rate of IGR and T 2DM was 6 .3% ,5 .6% respectively .The average weekly watching TV time of the samples was (12 .3 ± 10 .1) h .After adjusting for possible confounding factors ,the prevalence rate of IGR and T2DM in patients watching TV time >14 h per week was significantly higher than those watching TV time ≤ 7 h per week(Adjust .OR = 1 .528 ,95% CI = 1 .034 - 2 .121 ;OR = 1 .482 ,95% CI = 1 .133 - 2 .047 ,respectively ) .Conclusion Siting and watching TV time were positively correlated with the risk of IGR ,T2DM .So ,we should actively encourage and promote healthy lifestyles to reduce siting and watching TV time .

12.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 570-574, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437700

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect plasma progranulin (PGRN) level in subjects with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus and to investigate the relationship of plasma PGRN level with glycolipid metabolism,inflammation,and insulin resistance.Methods Eighty patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and 88 subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) were recruited in the study.Both of them were divided into normal weight (NW)subgroup and obesity (OB) subgroup.Obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m2 according to the World Health Organization-Western Pacific Region diagnostic criteria(2000).Body fat parameters were measured and BMI,waist-to-hip ratio were determined.Fasting plasma PGRN and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were determined by ELISA,fasting plasma glucose (FPG),2 h plasma glucose after glucose loading (2hPG),HbA1C,fasting insulin (FINS),and lipids were also detected.Insulin resistance and pancreas β cell function were assessed by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR,HOMA-β).Results Plasma PGRN level was significantly higher in T2DM group than that in NGT group(P<0.01).Within groups of T2DM and NGT,plasma PGRN level in OB subgroups was higher than that in NW subgroups [(225.22 ± 34.39 vs 195.59 ± 50.47 and 183.79 ± 61.63 vs 148.69 ± 55.27) ng/ml,P<0.05].Bivariate correlation analysis showed that plasma PGRN level was positively correlated with weight,waist circumference,BMI,systolic blood pressure,FPG,2hPG,HbA1C,triglyceride(TG),IL-6,FINS,and HOMA-IR (P<0.05 or P<0.01),and was negatively correlated with HOMA-β (P<0.05).Multiple linear regression analysis showed that BMI,HbA1C,IL-6,and TG were independently related to plasma PGRN level(P<0.05).Conclusions Plasma PGRN level was increased in patients with type 2 diabetes as well as in obesity,and was closely related with glycolipid metabolism,inflammation,and insulin resistance.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 226-230, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425038

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of recombinant lentivirus encoding human apM1 gene ( LentiapM1-EGFP) on platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) induced human mesangial cell (HMC) proliferation and intracellular AMP-activated protein kinase(AMPK) signaling pathway.Methods Protein expression of apM1 in cell culture supernatant of HMC transfected with Lenti-apM1-EGFP was detected by ELISA.The effect of human adiponectin on cell proliferation and cell cycle was assessed by [ 3 H ] thymidine incorporation assay and Flow cytometry respectively.The phosphorylation of AMPK was detected by Western blotting.Results Lenti-apM1-EGFP had no significant toxicity on HMC.The 50 multiplicity of infection (MOI) of the Lenti-apM1-EGFP efficiently infected HMC,and made it stable expression of adiponectin protein ( 149.6 ± 12.8 ) μg/L.PDGF-induced HMCs proliferation was significantly inhibited by adiponectin.When co-treatment with compound C,an AMPK inhibitor,the inhibitory effort was reversed.The phosphorylation level of AMPK was increased in HMC transfected Lenti-apM1-EGFP compared to that of control.Conclusions Adiponectin antagonizes stimulatory effect of platelet-derived growth factor on mesangial cell proliferation by AMPK signaling.

14.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 518-523, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429192

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the renal protective effect of recombinant lentivirus encoding adiponectin gene on streptozocin-induced early diabetic nephropathy(DN) mice,and to explore its potential mechanism.Methods Forty C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal control group(NC group,n=10),diabetic nephropathy group(DN group,n=10),LentiIRES-EGFP treatment group(DL group,n=10) and Lenti-Acdc-IRES-EGFP treatment group (DA group,n=10).After 8 weeks of recombinant lentivirus injection,kidney to body weight ratio (KW/BW),mean glomerular volume(MGV),fractional mesangial area(FMA),24 h urinary protein excretion(UTP),Scr,BUN,serum albumin and adiponectin were measured.Renal pathological changes were evaluated by electron microscopy.Proliferation of glomendar and tubulointerstitial cells was assessed by immunohistochemistry using PCNA antibody.The phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase(AMPK) and mammalian target of rapamycin protein(mTOR) were detected by Western blotting.Results Adiponectin was successfully over-expressed in STZ-induced DN mice after lentivirus injection.KW/BW,MGV,FMA and UTP were significantly decreased in DA group as compared to DN group and DL group(P<0.05),but were increased as compared to NC group(P<0.05).DA group animals had significantly fewer PCNA-positive cells than DN group and DL group(P<0.01).DA group mice had higher p-AMPK level and lower p-mTOR level as compared to DN group and DL group(P<0.01).Conclusion Over-expression of adiponectin has beneficial effect on early DN and attenuates aberrant proliferation of renal cells via AMPKmTOR pathway.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 518-522, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416941

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the role of p38MAPK in high glucose-induced apoptosis of osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cell line, and to investigate its effect on the expressions of apoptosis-related molecules including caspase3, bax, and bcl-2. Methods The lentiviral vector containing short hairpin RNA targeting p38MAPK was constructed. The cultured osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cell were divided into 5 groups:normal control group(A group), high glucose group(B group), p38MAPK-shRNA transfection group(C group), signal transduction inhibitor group(D group), and transfection with negative control siRNA group(E group). RT-PCR was used to determine the p38MAPK mRNA expression levels in MC3T3-E1 cells. Flow cytometry(FCM)was employed to detect the cell apoptotic percentage. The protein levels of apoptosis-related molecules p38MAPK, p-p38MAPK, caspase-3, bax, and bcl-2 were assayed by Western blot. Ultrastructural alternation of MC3T3-E1 cell was observed under transmission electron microscopy(TEM). Results The lentiviral vector containing short hairp in RNA targeting p38MAPK was successfully constructed and transfected into MC3T3-E1 cells. RT-PCR result suggested that the siRNA targeting p38MAPK could effectively reduce the p38MAPK mRNA expression level induced by high glucose in MC3T3-E1 cell line. FCM showed siRNA significantly decreased high glucose-induced apoptosis percentage of MC3T3-E1 cells(P<0.01). Meanwhile, we also found the siRNA significantly attenuated the proteins levels of p38MAPK, p-p38MAPK, caspase-3, and gene bax induced by high glucose in MC3T3-E1 cells, whereas the protein level of gene bcl-2 was enhanced remarkably when compared with high glucose group and negative control siRNA group(P<0.01, P<0.05).Conclusion The iRNA targeting p38MAPK suppressed high glucose-induced MC3T3-E1 cell apoptosis via inhibiting the activation of p38MAPK signaling pathway, thereby reducing the expressions levels of p-p38MAPK, caspase-3 and gene bax, and up-regulating the level of gene bcl-2.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 210-212, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413628

ABSTRACT

The relationship between oxidative stress and the first-phase of pancreatic β cell insulin secretion in subjects with different statuses of glucose tolerance was explored. Fasting adiponectin, 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosin ( 8-OHdG), malondialdehyde ( MDA ), superoxide dismutase ( SOD ), insulin area under the curve ( AUC ) from 0 to 10 min, and AIR3-5 were measured. The levels of oxidative stress-related markers were elevated, the activities of superoxide dismutase,adiponectin, and first-phase of insulin secretion were reduced with the disease progression. MDA and 8-OHdG were negatively correlated with adiponectin, homeostasis model assessment β cell function index ( HOMA-β ),AUC ,and AIR3-5. SOD was positively correlated with adiponectin, HOMA-β, AUC, AIR3-5. The plasma 8-OHdG and SOD were independently associated with AIR3-5. Oxidative stress exerts a significant effect on the first phase of pancreatic β cell insulin secretion, which may contribute to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 219-223, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413625

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between angiotensin Ⅱ and pancreatic islet β cell secretion function under different glucose tolerance statuses. Method Forty-two patients with newly diagnosed type 2diabetes mellitus ( DM group), 38 subjects with impaired fasting glucose/impaired glucose tolerance ( IFG/IGTgroup) ,and 40 normal control subjects (NGT group) underwent intravenous glucose tolerance test. Fasting plasma angiotensin Ⅱ ( Ang Ⅱ ) and adiponectin were assayed by ELISA. Acute insulin response from 3 to 10 min( AIR3-10 ),the area under the curve( AUCⅠ ) and the peak concentration of the first-phase ( 0-10 min) insulin secretion, the area under the curve of the second-phase( 10-120 min) insulin secretion( AUCⅡ), homeostasis model assessment for β cell function index(HOMA-β) and homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance index(HOMA-IR) were calculated to explore the relationship with Ang Ⅱ. Result ( 1 ) The levels of Ang Ⅱ in DM group and IFG/IGT group were significantly higher than that in NGT group( P<0.05 ). The AIR3-10, AUCⅠ and peak concentration, AUCⅡ ,adiponectin in DM group and IFG/IGT group were significantly lower than those in the NGT group ( P<0. 05), and these results were more significantly reduced in DM group compared with those in IFG/IGT group. (2) Ang Ⅱ was negatively correlated with AIR3-10, AUCⅠ and the peak concentration, AUCⅡ, adiponectin, HOMA-β ( P<0. 01 ), and positively correlated with fasting blood glucose,2 h blood glucose after glucose loading, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR (P<0. 05 ). (3)Multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that Ang Ⅱ was independently associated with AUCⅠ and AUCⅡ.Conclusion Ang Ⅱ was an independent factor that affected the insulin secretion function of pancreatic islet βcells. Ruling out the effect of blood pressure, body position, drugs, and other factors, high levels of Ang Ⅱ could predict the dysfunction of pancreatic islet β cell as well as insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes.

18.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 10-14, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391557

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the roles of protein kinase C(PKC)β_2 and PPARα in the mRNA expression of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1(VCAM-1)in human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs)exposed to high glucose,and to explore their relationship.Methods The HUVECs were divided into eight groups:normal glucose(NG,5 mmoL/L D-glucose)group,high glucose(HG,25 mmol/L D-ucose)group,osmotic control(L,NG+20 mmol/L L-glucose)group,normal glucose transfected with empty vector(NN,NG+AdS-null)group,high glucose transfected with PKCβ_2(HB,HG+Ad5-PKCβ_2)group,high glucose plus fenofibrate(HF,HG+40 μmol/L fenofibrate)group,and HB plus fenofibrate (HBF,HB+40μmol/L fenofibrate)group.HUVECs were incubated with fenofibrate for 20 minutes as HF20 group.All cells in various groups were cultured for 6 days.The expressions of VEGF and VCAM-1 mRNA were detected by RT-PCR.PPARα protein expression was tested by Western blot.The expression and traaslocation of PKCβ_2 protein were observed by confocal laser scanning microscopo.Results (1)HG increased VEGF and VCAM-1 mRNA expressions,with 1.91 and 1.56 folds of NG group,respectively(both P<0.05).VEGF and VCAM-1 mRNA expressions in HB group further increased,with 2.59 and 2.07 folds of NG group,respectively(both P<0.05).Fenofibrate significantly decreased VEGF and VCAM-1 mRNA expressions,with 68%and 74%of HG group,respectively(both P<0.05).There were no significant difierences in the expressiong of VEGF,VCAM-1 mRNA between HF20 and HG groups.(2)The protein expression of PPARα decreased by 20%in HG group compared with NG group,and further decreased in HB group,being 78%of HG group.Compared with HG group,PPARαexpression increased by 13%in HF group(P<0.05).(3)HG induced PKCβ_2 translocation from cytosol to nucleus and quantitative analysis showed the ratio of plasma/nuclear fluorescence intensity in HG group decreased by 37% compared with NG group(P<0.05).The PKCβ_2 translocation was more obvious in HB group than in HG group.Conclusion Hiigll glucose stimulates VEGF and VCAM-1 mRNA expressions in HUVECs via PKCβ_2 activationdependent PPARα pathway.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 232-234, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390309

ABSTRACT

Type 2 diabetic rats were treated with recombiriant adenovirus expressing human adiponectin (Ad-APN).The results showed that the levels of both plasma C-reactive protein and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 were significantly decreased in Ad-APN-treated diabetic rats compared with those of diabetic rats [(18.73±4.66 vs 23.60±4.25)mg/L and (14.91±1.79 vs 19.09±2.95) ng/ml,both P<0.01].These results suggest that increased serum concentration of adiponectin may improve the status of inflammation in diabetes mellitus.

20.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 788-791, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387196

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of exogenous adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of human apM1 gene (Ad-apM1) on malonaldehyde (MAD) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Methods HUVEC proliferation was measured by MTT after infection by AdapM1. Adiponetin protein level in cell culture medium of HUVEC cells infected with Ad-apM1 was detected by double antibody sandwich ELISA. The levels of MAD and SOD were measured by chromatometry. Results MTT assay showed that Ad-apMl had no effect on HUVEC proliferation. Human adiponectin protein levels in cell culture medium significantly increased after HUVEC was infected with Ad-apM1 for 24, 48, and 72 h, along with decreased MAD and increased SOD ( all P<0.05 ). MAD levels markedly increased and SOD levels decreased after HUVEC were incubated with 100 μmol/L H2O2 for 6, 12, and 24 h, and these reactions were reversed by AdapM1 transfection (all P<0.05 ). Conclusions HUVEC infected with Ad-apM1 effectively secrete human adiponectin. Ad-apM1 exerts antioxidation effect and antagonizes H2O2 -induced endothelial injury.

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