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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491053

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of coronary vessel re-endothelialization after placement of drug-eluting stents (DES), and to provide clinical evidence for the double anti-platelet treatment. Methods Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed in 43 patients in 1 year after DES implantation. Characteristics of re-endothelialization and percentage of neointimal coverage of stent struts were evaluated by OCT. Results The rate of stent struts intimal coverage was 90.70%, and the remain was lack of endothelial coverage; The ratio of neointimal thickness (NIT) between 0-99, 100-199 and above 200 microns was 19.92%, 37.55% and 42.53%, respectively. The rate of neointimal coverage was higher and the degree of neointimal hy-perplasia was more extensive in patients with DM and in patients with ACS than those of patients without DM and of patients with stable angina pectoris. Conclusion One year after stent placement, most of the stent struts were covered with neointima and few struts obtained poor coverage of endothelial. DM and ACS may be impact factors for the progress of re-endothelialization after DES placement.

2.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 170-174, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487060

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) and percutaneous transluminal septal tunnel myocardial ablation (PTSTMA) on cardiac function in experimental canines. Methods: According to CAG determined coronary septal branches, a total of 25 hybrized canines were divided into 2 groups:PTSMA group, n=13 canines with the bigger septal branches and PTSTMA group, n=12 canines with the smaller or uneven septal branches. Alcohol ablation model was established. Electrocardiograph (ECG) at before and after the operation, biomarkers for myocardial injury, echocardiography and hemodynamic changes were recorded. The animals were scariifes at 1 week after operation, the pathological changes in ventricular septal were observed by HE and Masson staining. Results: Myocardial infarction (MI) could be induced by either PTSMA or PTSTMA and the thickness of septal was decreased. LVEDd, LVEF and hemodynamic indexes were similar between 2 groups. The alcohol volume used in operation, EKG and echocardiography ifndings were similar between 2 groups, P>0.05. Pathological staining indicated that there was a well-demarcate between the ablation focal and normal myocardium, merging area had neutrophiles invasion, infarcted cells were partially having the ghost cell sample and they were gradually replaced by ifbrous tissue. There was nest-like necrosis in ablated lumen and the normal vessel wall disappeared. PTSMA group had vessel lumen conifguration in septal branch and the necrosis limited inside the lumen;while in PTSTMA group, the vessel wall of was discontinued and some necrosis materials move out to from lumen. Conclusion: Both PTSMA and PTSTMA were effective for alcohol septal ablation in different coronary septal branches, the impacts on cardiac function and hemodynamic changes were similar in experimental canines.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460774

ABSTRACT

With the increasing incidence and mortality of coronary heart disease (CHD) in China, the prevention and treatment of CHD is no time to delay. Since Professor Gruentzig completed the first human case of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in 1977, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) had reached to a new page. After three decades of development and change, PCI has been improved and matured gradually from the early PTCA to the current stent era. With the advent of stents, the rate of restenosis after PCI was significantly reduced from 30%-50% to 10%-20%. But stent restenosis was still with no total cure. The issue of how to prevent the stent restenosis has become a long-term major issue for the exploration in both clinical and preclinical medicine. Therefore, this paper reviewed the etiology, pathology, related risk factors, latest diagnosis methods, prevention and treatment of stent restenosis by integrative medicine.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467695

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical effect and prognosis of lyophilized recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide at different times for acute left heart failure.Methods A total of 58 consecutive patients diagnosed as acute left heart failure from February 2013 to February 2014 were randomly divided into early group (30 patients) and late group (28 patients).The patients in early group received lyophilized recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide and other common treatment immediately after arriving at hospital,and the patients in late group received lyophilized recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide until symptoms were hard to control.Results After treatment,the NYHA class and the levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in early group and late group were significant differences:(1.4 ± 0.5) grade vs.(2.6 ± 0.7) grade,(934.2 ± 52.4) ng/L vs.(1 632.5 ± 147.6) ng/L,(49.6 ± 5.4)% vs.(31.2 ± 6.7)%,P < 0.01 or < 0.05.The average stay and expenses in early group were significandy less than those in control group:(11.2 ± 3.4) d vs.(19.7 ± 4.2) d,(15.8 ± 4.6) thousand Yuan vs.(27.4 ± 6.3) thousand Yuan,P < 0.05.The total effective rate and survival rate in early group were significantly higher than those in late group:66.7%(20/30) vs.39.3%(11/28),P < 0.05.Conclusion Earlier application of lyophilized recombinant human brain natriuretic can significantly improve the symptoms in acute left heart failure patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462964

ABSTRACT

Molecularly imprinted electrochemiluminescence method combines the advantageous properties of molecularly imprinted polymer and electrochemiluminescence, such as high sensitivity, good selectivity, good controllability, easy miniaturization and simple operation. In recent years, molecularly imprinted electrochemiluminescence has received much attention in the fields of biomimetic sensors, hazardous pesticide residue detection, and food safety monitoring, etc. In this review, the research progresses of molecularly imprinting electrochemiluminescence sensors and the applications of molecularly imprinted polymers as solid phase extraction matrices in electrochemiluminescence analysis have been summarized, and the future research trends have been proposed.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476933

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effect ofDanlou pills on prevent atherosclerosis from hypercholesterolemia rabbit and its relationship with inflammatory factors as well as PI3K/AKT signal pathways. A total of 24 Japanese male white rabbits were randomly divided into the control group (CL), model group (M) and Danlou group (DL), with 8 in each group. Normal diet was given to CL rabbits. High-fat diet was given to rabbits in other groups to establish the atherosclerosis model. Danlou pills (0.5 g·kg-1·d-1) were also given to DL rabbits. Rabbits were sacrificed after 9-week medication. The contents of blood lipid, TNF-α and IL-6 were detected. HE staining was used in the observation of histological changes in the aorta. Western blot was used to observe PI3K and p-AKT expression in the aorta. The results showed that compared with CL, the contents of TG, TC, LDL, IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly increased in M (P < 0.01); PI3K and p-AKT expression in the aorta were significantly decreased (P < 0.01). Compared with M, blood lipid, IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly reduced in DL (P < 0.05, orP < 0.01); PI3K and p-AKT expression were significantly increased (P < 0.01). It was concluded thatDanlou pills had prevention effects on atherosclerosis through reducing blood lipid and inflammatory factors. The action mechanism maybe related to the activation of PI3K/AKT signal pathways.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476924

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to observe the safety and effectiveness ofShugan Jieyu Capsules in the treatment of vasovagal syncope (VVS) with mild-to-moderate depression and anxiety, and to compare the effect with Flupentixol and Melitracen Tablets. A total of 89 VVS cases with mild-to-moderate depression and anxiety were randomly divided into 3 groups, which were group A (Shugan Jieyu Capsules group), group B (Flupentixol and Melitracen Tablets) and group C (control group). Based on the conventional therapy of VVS treatment, treatments were given to all three groups for 8 weeks. And the negative conversion ratio of VVS in each group was observed. Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD 24 items) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) were evaluated for the calculation of reductive rate. Treatment emergent symptoms scale (TESS) was used in the evaluation of adverse reactions of both medications during the treatment. In the 12-month follow-up after treatment, the recurrence rate of syncope was observed in each group. The results showed that compared with pretreatment, HAMD-24 and HAMA scores of group A and group B after treatment were significantly reduced (P < 0.05). Compared with group C, the heat-up tilt testing-negative rate, HAMD-24 and HAMA reductive rate of group A and group B after treatment were significantly increased (P < 0.05). Compared with group B, the negative rate, HAMD-24 and HAMA reductive rate of group A were more significant (P < 0.05). After treatment, scores for TESS of group A was significantly lower than group B (P< 0.05). In the 24-month follow-up, the recurrence rate of syncope of group A and group B was significantly lower than group C (P < 0.05); and group A was obviously better than group B (P < 0.05). It was concluded thatShugan Jieyu Capsules can be used in the treatment of VVS with mild-to-moderate depression and anxiety. Its effectiveness and safety may be better than Flupentixol and Melitracen Tablets.

8.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3428-3430, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457590

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanism and prevention of syncope on patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Methods Seventy-six cases of HOCM (obstruction group) were successfully operated by PTSMA and oral ACEI/ARB. After six months , they were treated with β-receptor blocker. Another 29 patients (control group) with LVOTPG < 50 mmHg or < 70 mmHg after pharmacologic stress test (PST), have being treated with β-receptor blocker. The results was observed as follow: (1) the difference of between syncope incidence and positive incidence induced by PST in control group; (2) the difference of syncope incidence at half year, a year and admission in control group; (3) the difference of syncope incidence in obstruction group before and after operation; (4) the difference of syncope incidence after six months between two groups at same period; (5) the difference of syncope incidence one year between two groups. Results In control group, the syncope positive incidence induced PST was 55.5%. Treating with medications for half a year , syncope incidence significantly dropped than that on admission (P < 0.05); Obstruction group syncope incidence in the history obviously lower than the control group syncope positive induced PST (P < 0.05), and half a year after takingβ-receptor blocker syncope incidence was significantly dropped than before (P < 0.01). Conclusions The mechanism of syncope with HOCM is not only obstruction but also neuronal reflex. PST is an very useful inspection item for screening the ablation indication, analysis syncope mechanism, and guiding clinical medication.β-receptor blocker is an effective drug on treating and preventing syncope with HCM.

9.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 785-789, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455558

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and coronary artery calcification in order to provide theoretical and clinical basis for the prevention and treatment of coronary artery calcification.Methods Ninety hundred and eighty-three cases were selected as our subjects who were hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from Jan.2010 to Jul.2010 and undergone dual source CT coronary angiography.Of them,419 cases were male(male group),and 564 female (female group).The general information,clinical and biochemical indexes and coronary CTA results were collected.The patients were divided according to the BML Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to analyzed the relationship between BMI and coronary artery calcification,and multiple linear regression analysis was applied to analyzed the relationship between coronary artery calcification and BMI.Results There were significant differences between male group and female group in terms of age,height,body mass,BMI,smoking history,glomerular filtration rate (eGFR),triglyceride (TG),high density lipoprotein (HDL-C),left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF),serum calcium,with peripheral vascular disease,as well as the baseline drugs,angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ACEI/ARB),calcium antagonists (CCB),statins compared the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).The rate of slight coronary artery calcification in male group and female groups were not statistically significant(x2 =0.714,P =0.398),while the rate of no calcification,severe calcification were statistically significant (P < 0.05).Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that high BMI(regression coefficient was-1.670,OR =0.967,95% CI =0.953 ~ 0.980,P =0.005),age (regression coefficient was 1.422,OR =4.416,95% CI:1.015 ~ 16.927,P =0.001),history of hypertension (regression coefficient was 0.128,OR =1.521,95% CI:1.262 ~ 1.830,P =0.002),history of diabetes mellitus (regression coefficient was 0.364,OR =1.439,95 % CI:1.098 ~ 1.885,P =0.008),eGFR (regression coefficient was-0.5420,OR =0.004,95% CI:0.001-0.019,P =0.014),LVEF (regression coefficient was-1.153,OR =0.316,95% CI:0.127-0.787,P =0.002) and statins(regression coefficient was-6.745,OR:0.323,95% CI:0.138-0.754,P =0.032) were correlated with coronary artery calcification.Multiple stepwise linear regression analysis showed that only eGFR(r =0.79,95% CI:0.69-0.92,P =0.001) was in the equation.Conclusion High BMI is a protective factor for severe coronary artery calcification,but there is on linear correlation between BMI and moderate to severe coronary artery calcification score in patients.

10.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1398-1400, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451343

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the short-term quality of life in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (OHCM) after percutaneous transluminal septal tunnel myocardial ablation (PTSTMA). Methods The quality of life in patients with OHCM were assessed by the SF-36 before and three months after PTSTMA. Results Three months after the procedure , quality of life was markedly improved at different variances in patients with OHCM as compared with the baseline. The linear regression analysis showed the factors influencing quality of life were character, coexistence with other diseases, and 6-minute walk test. Conclusions Percutaneous transluminal septal tunnel myocardial ablation can improve the short-term quality of life in patients with OHCM. Postoperative psychological counseling and rehabilitation guidance can practically enhance quality of life.

11.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 120-123, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430681

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the method and efficiency of percutaneous transluminal septal tunnet myocardial ablation(PTSTMA) in treatment of 26 cases hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) who were not suitable for conventional technology.Methods Firstly,we used a monorail Balloon which was slightly bigger than the interventricular septal branch of coronary artery and dilated it until posterior septal.After that,an OTW Balloon with larger size than the monorail was used to dilate again until made aventricular septum tunnel.Then,some alcohol was injected and PTSTMA was performed.Finally,we did the other and/or another interventricular septal branch by above method until the left ventricular outflow tract pressure gradient (LVOTPG) reduced ≥50%.The clinical indexes of the 26 cases HOCM immediately pest-operation of PTSTMA were observed and the follow up data during short term and metaphase were analyzed.Results The LVOTPG reduced ≥50% in the26 cases HOCM,immediately after PTSTMA,the LVOTPG reduced from (75.6 ±22.4)mm Hg to (21.4 ± 5.8) mm Hg (t =11.94,P < 0.01).At three months after ablation,the thickness of septal myocardium reduced from (22.8 ± 5.8) ram before ablation to (16.8 ± 4.2) mm(t =4.27,P < 0.01),left atrium dimension reduced from(48.0 ±7.0) mm to (42.0 ±8.6) mm (t =2.76,P <0.01).Followed up 6.0to 60.0 months,the patients suffering from chest pain reduced from 14 cases before to 4 cases after the procedure(53.8% (14/26) vs 15.4% (4/26),x2 =8.49,P < 0.01),the patients with expiratory dyspnea reduced from 26 cases to 5 cases(100% (26/26) vs 19.2% (5/26),x2 =35.22,P < 0.01),NYHA functional class improved from (2.4 ± 0.6) to (1.4 ± 0.7) (t =5.53,P < 0.01).Conclusion The PTSTMA was a supplemental method of PTSMA on treating HOCM,which was safe and useful during the short term and metaphase.

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