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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 292-298, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013620

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the regulatory role and mechanism of resveratrol in inhibiting autophagy and promoting apoptosis in choroidal melanoma cells. Methods Choroidal melanoma cells (MUM2B) were divided into control and experimental groups, and treated with different concentrations of resveratrol (0, 10, 20,40,60,80 μmol ·L

2.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 898-906, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989716

ABSTRACT

Objective:To re-evaluate the reliability of the conclusions of the systematic reviews (SR)/meta-analysis (MA) of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in the treatment of functional dyspepsia (FD).Methods:CNKI, CBM, WanFang Data, VIP, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase were searched from the establishment of the database to March 30, 2022. Two researchers independently screened literature and extracted data, and included SRs/MAs in the treatment of FD with TCM. The AMSTAR 2 and GRADE tools were used to evaluate the included the study carried out methodological quality evaluation, outcome evidence quality grading, and descriptive analysis of the main outcome.Results:A total of 28 SRs/MAs were included, with 34 outcome indicators. According to the AMSTAR 2 evaluation results, 21 SRs/MAs were of medium quality, and 7 SRs/MAs were of low quality. The GRADE quality of evidence grading results showed that of the 100 evidence bodies, 13 were of high quality, 58 were of moderate quality, 24 were of low quality, and 5 were of very low quality.Conclusion:TCM in the treatment of FD can improve the clinical efficiency, improve the cure rate, reduce the recurrence rate, and improve the clinical symptoms, but the methodological quality and evidence quality of related SRs/MAs have certain defects, so this conclusion should be treated with caution.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1083-1095, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970424

ABSTRACT

Biorefinery of chemicals from straw is an effective approach to alleviate the environmental pollution caused by straw burning. In this paper, we prepared gellan gum immobilized Lactobacillus bulgaricus T15 gel beads (LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads), characterized their properties, and established a continuous cell recycle fermentation process for D-lactate (D-LA) production using the LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads. The fracture stress of LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads was (91.68±0.11) kPa, which was 125.12% higher than that of the calcium alginate immobilized T15 gel beads (calcium alginate-T15 gel beads). This indicated that the strength of LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads was stronger, and the strain was less likely to leak out. The average D-LA production was (72.90±2.79) g/L after fermentation for ten recycles (720 h) using LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads as the starting strain and glucose as the substrate, which was 33.85% higher than that of calcium alginate-T15 gel beads and 37.70% higher than that of free T15. Subsequently, glucose was replaced by enzymatically hydrolyzed corn straw and fermented for ten recycles (240 h) using LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads. The yield of D-LA reached (1.74±0.79) g/(L·h), which was much higher than that of using free bacteria. The wear rate of gel beads was less than 5% after ten recycles, which indicated that LA-GAGR is a good carrier for cell immobilization and can be widely used in industrial fermentation. This study provides basic data for the industrial production of D-LA using cell-recycled fermentation, and provides a new way for the biorefinery of D-LA from corn straw.


Subject(s)
Fermentation , Lactobacillus delbrueckii , Zea mays , Lactic Acid , Alginates/chemistry , Glucose
4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 875-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013945

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the mechanism of ethanolic extracts of euonymus alatus on CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis in mice by regulating JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. Methods Sixty C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into control group,model group,EAL,EAM),EAH,and Silybin(n=10). Except for the control group,mice in other groups were injected with 25% CCl4 of 1.6 mL·kg

5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 636-646, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007779

ABSTRACT

The objective of present study was to develop a simple and reliable voiding spot assay (VSA) system to evaluate the lower urinary tract function of mice, and to establish it as a standardized protocol. Ultraviolet (UV) light was used to screen out the filter paper without autofluorescence and with optimal urine diffusion properties. Next, the appropriate wavelength of UV was determined based on the quality of the photographic image of urine spots on the filter paper. To confirm that the urine stain area on the filter paper was correlated with the amount of urine, a volume-area standard curve was constructed. The utility of this VSA system was validated using female wild-type C57BL/6J mice aged 12-13 weeks, and the data generated under identical procedural settings were compared among laboratories. Furthermore, this VSA system was employed to analyze the changes in voiding patterns in mice with urinary tract infections or transportation stress. No. 4 filter paper with a thickness of 0.7 mm was identified as the most suitable material for VSA, exhibiting no autofluorescence and facilitating optimal urine diffusion. The filter paper retained its integrity during the assay, and there was a linear correlation between urine volume and stained area under 365 nm UV light. Utilizing this VSA system, we determined that female wild-type C57BL/6J mice produced approximately 695.8 μL total urine and 5.5 primary voiding spots (PVS) with an average size of 126.4 μL/spot within 4-h period. Over 84% of PVS volumes ranged from 20 to 200 μL. Notably, PVS volumes of mice were similar across different laboratories. Mice with urinary tract infections or transportation stress exhibited significant changes in VSA parameters, including increased voiding frequency, PVS number, and decreased PVS volume. Therefore, this VSA system can be used to evaluate the urinary function of normal mice, as well as those with urinary tract infection or transportation stress.


Subject(s)
Mice , Female , Animals , Urodynamics , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Urination , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Tract Infections
6.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 493-498, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005813

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 Digestive tract reconstruction after total gastrectomy is complicated and causes many complications. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of magnetic compression anastomosis (MCA) for sutureless reconstruction after total gastrectomy in rats. 【Methods】 Twenty-four rats were randomly apportioned to two groups. Reconstruction was performed with MCA in the experimental group or hand-sewn in the control group, and the construction time was recorded. The animals were followed up for 30 days. The survival rate and complications were monitored. At each time point, the rats were euthanized to study the gross/histological morphology and mechanical strength of the anastomoses. 【Results】 The reconstruction time was (12.9±2.7)min in the experimental group and (23.8±4.1)min in the control group (P=0.036). In the experimental group, there was no anastomotic complication. Four control rats developed anastomotic leakage or hemorrhage, and all died within 4 postoperative days. Compared with the control group, burst pressure in the experimental group was similar. Both groups’ anastomoses had smooth gross appearance and histologically good alignment of tissue layers. 【Conclusion】 MCA is a safe and effective choice for reconstruction after total gastrectomy, with better postoperative outcomes than hand-sewn.

7.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 399-404, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981282

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the genetic subtypes of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the prevalence of pretreatment drug resistance in the newly reported HIV-infected men in Guangxi. Methods The stratified random sampling method was employed to select the newly reported HIV-infected men aged≥50 years old in 14 cities of Guangxi from January to June in 2020.The pol gene of HIV-1 was amplified by nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and then sequenced.The mutation sites associated with drug resistance and the degree of drug resistance were then analyzed. Results A total of 615 HIV-infected men were included in the study.The genetic subtypes of CRF01_AE,CRF07_BC,and CRF08_BC accounted for 57.4% (353/615),17.1% (105/615),and 22.4% (138/615),respectively.The mutations associated with the resistance to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI),non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI),and protease inhibitors occurred in 8 (1.3%),18 (2.9%),and 0 patients,respectively.M184V (0.7%) and K103N (1.8%) were the mutations with the highest occurrence rates for the resistance to NRTIs and NNRTIs,respectively.Twenty-two (3.6%) patients were resistant to at least one type of inhibitors.Specifically,4 (0.7%),14 (2.3%),4 (0.7%),and 0 patients were resistant to NRTIs,NNRTIs,both NRTIs and NNRTIs,and protease inhibitors,respectively.The pretreatment resistance to NNRTIs had much higher frequency than that to NRTIs (2.9% vs.1.3%;χ2=3.929,P=0.047).The prevalence of pretreatment resistance to lamivudine,zidovudine,tenofovir,abacavir,rilpivirine,efavirenz,nevirapine,and lopinavir/ritonavir was 0.8%, 0.3%, 0.7%, 1.0%, 1.3%, 2.8%, 2.9%, and 0, respectively. Conclusions CRF01_AE,CRF07_BC,and CRF08_BC are the three major strains of HIV-infected men≥50 years old newly reported in Guangxi,2020,and the pretreatment drug resistance demonstrates low prevalence.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics , China/epidemiology , Mutation , HIV-1/genetics , Protease Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Genotype
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 458-464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984644

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the role of donor change in the second hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT2) for hematological relapse of malignant hematology after the first transplantation (HSCT1) . Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients with relapsed hematological malignancies who received HSCT2 at our single center between Mar 1998 and Dec 2020. A total of 70 patients were enrolled[49 males and 21 females; median age, 31.5 (3-61) yr]. Results: Forty-nine male and 21 female patients were enrolled in the trial. At the time of HSCT2, the median age was 31.5 (3-61) years old. Thirty-one patients were diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia, 23 patients with ALL, and 16 patients with MDS or other malignant hematology disease. Thirty patients had HSCT2 with donor change, and 40 patients underwent HSCT2 without donor change. The median relapse time after HSCT1 was 245.5 (26-2 905) days. After HSCT2, 70 patients had neutrophil engraftment, and 62 (88.6%) had platelet engraftment. The cumulative incidence of platelet engraftment was (93.1±4.7) % in patients with donor change and (86.0±5.7) % in patients without donor change (P=0.636). The cumulative incidence of CMV infection in patients with and without donor change was (64.0±10.3) % and (37.0±7.8) % (P=0.053), respectively. The cumulative incidence of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute graft versus host disease was (19.4±7.9) % vs (31.3±7.5) %, respectively (P=0.227). The cumulative incidence of TRM 100-day post HSCT2 was (9.2±5.1) % vs (6.7±4.6) % (P=0.648), and the cumulative incidence of chronic graft versus host disease at 1-yr post-HSCT2 was (36.7±11.4) % versus (65.6±9.1) % (P=0.031). With a median follow-up of 767 (271-4 936) days, 38 patients had complete remission (CR), and three patients had persistent disease. The CR rate was 92.7%. The cumulative incidences of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) 2 yr after HSCT2 were 25.8% and 23.7%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of relapse, OS, and DFS was (52.6±11.6) % vs (62.4±11.3) % (P=0.423), (28.3±8.6) % vs (23.8±7.5) % (P=0.643), and (28.3±8.6) % vs (22.3±7.7) % (P=0.787), respectively, in patients with changed donor compared with patients with the original donor. Relapses within 6 months post-HSCT1 and with persistent disease before HSCT2 were risk factors for OS, DFS, and CIR. Disease status before HSCT2 and early relapse (within 6 months post-HSCT1) was an independent risk factor for OS, DFS, and CIR post-HSCT2. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that changing donors did not affect the clinical outcome of HSCT2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Hematologic Neoplasms/therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Recurrence , Graft vs Host Disease/etiology , Chronic Disease
9.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 397-405, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982380

ABSTRACT

Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) controls cellular anabolism, and mTOR signaling is hyperactive in most cancer cells. As a result, inhibition of mTOR signaling benefits cancer patients. Rapamycin is a US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drug, a specific mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) inhibitor, for the treatment of several different types of cancer. However, rapamycin is reported to inhibit cancer growth rather than induce apoptosis. Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHc) is the gatekeeper for mitochondrial pyruvate oxidation. PDHc inactivation has been observed in a number of cancer cells, and this alteration protects cancer cells from senescence and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+‍) exhaustion. In this paper, we describe our finding that rapamycin treatment promotes pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 subunit alpha 1 (PDHA1) phosphorylation and leads to PDHc inactivation dependent on mTOR signaling inhibition in cells. This inactivation reduces the sensitivity of cancer cells' response to rapamycin. As a result, rebooting PDHc activity with dichloroacetic acid (DCA), a pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK) inhibitor, promotes cancer cells' susceptibility to rapamycin treatment in vitro and in vivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sirolimus/pharmacology , Dichloroacetic Acid/pharmacology , Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1 , Neoplasms/drug therapy
10.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 262-270, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000128

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Predicting disease relapse and early intervention could reduce symptom severity. We attempted to identify potential indicators that predict the duration to next admission for an acute affective episode in patients with bipolar I disorder. @*Methods@#We mathematically defined the duration to next psychiatric admission and performed single-variate regressions using historical data of 101 patients with bipolar I disorder to screen for potential variables for further multivariate regressions. @*Results@#Age of onset, total psychiatric admissions, length of lithium use, and carbamazepine use during the psychiatric hospitalization contributed to the next psychiatric admission duration positively. The all-in-one found that hyperlipidemia during the psychiatric hospitalization demonstrated a negative contribution to the duration to next psychiatric admission; the last duration to psychiatric admission, lithium and carbamazepine uses during the psychiatric hospitalization, and heart rate on the discharge day positively contributed to the duration to next admission. @*Conclusion@#We identified essential variables that may predict the duration of bipolar I patients’ next psychiatric admission. The correlation of a faster heartbeat and a normal lipid profile in delaying the next onset highlights the importance of managing these parameters when treating bipolar I disorder.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 250-259, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998186

ABSTRACT

Diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) is a chronic functional bowel disorder characterized by abdominal pain and diarrhea, with visceral hypersensitivity and abnormal gastrointestinal dynamics as the pathophysiological basis. The brain-gut interaction plays a role in pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders, especially IBS-D. 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), as an important brain-gut peptide regulating gastrointestinal function, affects brain activity, gastrointestinal motility, pain perception, mucosal inflammation, and immune response through brain-gut interaction and is associated with the occurrence and development of IBS-D. In recent years, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has shown great potential to mitigate gastrointestinal symptoms and improve the quality of life with its holistic view and treatment based on syndrome differentiation. Studies have shown that TCM treats IBS-D by regulating the 5-HT signaling pathway. With a focus on syndrome differentiation in TCM, this paper systematically describes the efficacy and mechanism of TCM in treating different TCM syndromes of IBS-D via the 5-HT signaling pathway, aiming to provide a scientific basis for TCM treatment of this disease.

12.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 728-736, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010198

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The prognostic benefit of complete revascularization in elderly patients (aged over 75 years) with multi-vessel disease and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is currently unclear. This study aimed to determine the long-term prognostic impact of complete revascularization in this population.@*METHODS@#We conducted this study using data obtained from the BleeMACS (Bleeding complications in a Multicenter registry of patients discharged after an Acute Coronary Syndrome) registry, which was carried out from 2003 to 2014. The objective was to categorize older patients diagnosed with ACS into two groups: those who underwent complete revascularization and those who did not. Propensity score matching and the Kaplan-Meier analysis were employed to examine differences in one-year clinical outcomes. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE), which encompassed a combination of all-cause mortality and myocardial infarction.@*RESULTS@#Out of 1263 patients evaluated, 445 patients (35.2%) received complete revascularization. Patients who underwent complete revascularization had a higher prevalence of hypertension and prior percutaneous coronary intervention compared to those who did not. During the one-year follow-up period, complete revascularization was associated with a significantly decreased risk of MACE [13.7% vs. 20.5%, hazard ratio (HR) = 0.63, 95% CI: 0.45-0.88, P = 0.007] and a lower risk of myocardial infarction (5.9% vs. 9.9%, HR = 0.55, 95% CI: 0.33-0.92, P = 0.02). However, it was not linked to a lower risk of all-cause death (9.5% vs. 13.5%, HR = 0.68, 95% CI: 0.45-1.02, P = 0.06). Similar results were observed in the subgroup analysis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Long-term clinical improvements were observed in ACS patients aged over 75 years with multi-vessel disease who achieved complete revascularization. Therefore, adhering to guidelines for complete revascularization should be recommended for elderly patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 7-11, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932555

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impacts of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) on setup errors during the radiotherapy of elderly patients with rectal cancer.Methods:A total of 45 patients over 70 years of age and receiving radiotherapy were enrolled in the study. A comprehensive geriatric assessment was conducted before the radiotherapy. The enrolled patients had a median age of 77 years, including 28 male and 17 female cases. Meanwhile, 31 patients were determined to be in a good CGA status and 14 were determined to be in a poor CGA status, and 35 patients received radiotherapy in the prone position and 10 in the supine position. Cone beam CT (CBCT) was used for setup correction during radiotherapy. CBCT was performed daily in the first week and once a week from the second week. By fusing and aligning the CBCT images with simulation CT images according to the lumbar vertebra, setup errors in the left-right ( x axis), cranio-caudal ( y axis), and anterior-posterior ( z axis) directions were obtained. A total of 338 CBCT images were obtained. A generalized linear model was used to evaluate the effects of multiple factors on the setup errors. Results:During the radiotherapy, setup errors of all patients were (0.24±0.19) cm in the left-right direction, (0.33±0.25) cm in the cranio-caudal direction, and (0.19±0.15) cm in the anterior-posterior direction. The setup error in the cranio-caudal direction was more than that in the left-right direction and that in the anterior-posterior direction ( Z=-4.86, -7.72, P< 0.001). The setup error in the left-right direction was greater than that in the anterior-posterior direction ( Z=-2.79, P=0.005). The mean setup errors of the good and poor status groups in the left-right direction were (0.21 ± 0.17) and (0.30 ± 0.22) cm, respectively ( Z=2.16, P=0.031). There was no statistically significant difference in the setup errors between cranio-caudal direction and anterior-posterior direction ( P>0.05). The setup errors in the anterior-posterior direction were (0.17 ± 0.13) and (0.27 ± 0.19) cm, respectively for the prone and supine positions during the radiotherapy ( Z=2.85, P=0.004). There was no statistically significant difference in the setup errors between the left-right direction and the cranio-caudal direction ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The status of CGA elderly patients with rectal cancer affects the setup error in the left-right direction. It may be necessary to clinically adjust the PTV margin.

14.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 274-278, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932180

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of a child with very early onset inflammatory bowel disease (VEO-IBD) treated in the digestive department of Guangzhou Women's and children's Medical Center in October 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The patient was hospitalized because of "shortness of breath and abdominal distension" after birth. The gastrointestinal manifestations were diarrhea, mucus bloody stool, feeding intolerance and weight loss; the extraintestinal manifestations were liver function damage and joint damage. Endoscopic examination considered VEO-IBD. The patients were treated with infliximab and enteral nutrition. When the clinical symptoms were relieved and the gastrointestinal mucosa healed, the enteral nutrition regimen was adjusted. At present, she returned to daily diet, and the weight and height reached the level of normal children. VEO-IBD patients can be combined with a variety of extraintestinal manifestations, clinicians need to identify the coexistence of these diseases, effective follow-up.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 722-726, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956902

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility of surface-guided hypo-fractionated radiotherapy for intracranial metastasis with open face mask immobilization.Methods:Nineteen patients treated with hypo- fractionated radiotherapy for intracranial metastasis in our hospital were included. Before the start of treatment, each patient underwent simulation with open face mask immobilization. During the treatment, cone-beam CT(CBCT)images were collected for verification each time. Laser-guided positioning was used for the first time in the treatment, and surface images were captured after six-dimensional position correction as the reference images for subsequent treatment. Subsequent treatment was randomly divided into laser-guided positioning group(LG, 85/F)and optical surface-guided positioning group(SG, 101/F). The six-dimensional error data of patients with two positioning methods were compared and expressed as mean ± standard deviation. Meanwhile, the correlation and consistency between the optical surface error data and the gold standard CBCT error data were compared in the laser-guided fraction. GraphPad Prism 6.0 software was used for data processing and mapping, and SPSS 21.software was used for mean analysis and normality test. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation, and Bland-Altman plot analysis was used to test the coincidence between two methods.Results:Compared with the laser-guided positioning, the 3D error of optical surface-guided positioning was reduced from(0.35±0.16)cm to(0.14±0.07)cm. The Pearson coefficient of correlation along all three directions was less than 0.01,R 2 was 0.91,0.70 and 0.78 on Lat, Lng and Vrt, and R 2 was 0.75,0.85 and 0.77 on Pitch, Roll and Rtn(all P<0.01), respectively. The measurement results of two methods were positively correlated. The Bland-Altman plot analysis showed that the 95% limits of agreement were within preset 3 mm tolerance([-0.29 cm, 0.19 cm], [-0.25 cm, 0.25 cm], [-0.27 cm, 0.19 cm]), and the 95% limits of agreement were within preset 3° tolerance(Pitch[-1.76°,1.76°], Roll[-1.54°,1.60°], ROT[-2.18°,1.69°]), indicating agreement between two methods. Conclusions:The optical surface-guided positioning can reduce the setup errors in the hypo-fractionated radiotherapy for intracranial metastasis with open face mask immobilization. The optical surface error and CBCT error have good correlation and agreement.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 957-961, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923598

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish a method for simultaneous determination of zeaxanthin ,β-carotene,β-cryptoxanthin palmitate and zeaxanthin dipalmitate in Lycium barbarum . METHODS L. barbarum was extracted with n-hexane-anhydrous ethanol-acetone-toluene(10∶6∶7∶7,V/V/V/V)by ultrasonic method. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)method was adopted. The determination was performed on YMC C 30 column with mobile phase A consisted of methanol-acetonitrile-water (81∶ 14 ∶ 5,V/V/V)and mobile phase B consisted of dichloromethane (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The column temperature was set at 20 ℃. The detection wavelength was set at 450 nm,and sample size was 20 μL. Using zeaxanthin as control,the relative correction factors (RCFs)of β-carotene,β-cryptoxanthin palmitate and zeaxanthin dipalmitate were calculated , and then the content of each component was calculated according to RCFs and compared with the results of external standard method(ESM). RESULTS The linear range of zeaxanthin ,β-carotene,β-cryptoxanthin palmitate and zeaxanthin dipalmitate were 0.119 4-2.983 8,0.121 7-1.521 6,0.285 9-5.718 8,8.460 5-211.513 3 μg/mL(all R2>0.999). RSDs of precision ,repeatability and stability(16 h)tests were all less than 4%. The average recoveries were 103.34%,107.37%,105.64%,96.16%(RSD<5%,n= 9). The average RCFs of β-carotene,β-cryptoxanthin palmitate and zeaxanthin dipalmitate were 1.109,1.390,1.158. The relative errors of the content determination results by quantitative analysis of multi-components by singer marker (QAMS)and ESM were within ±1%. CONCLUSIONS The established HPLC-QAMS method is accurate and stable ,which can be used for the content determination and quality control of 4 carotenoids in L. barbarum .

17.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 292-298, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966338

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Despite the high prevalence of postdialysis fatigue (PDF) in maintenance hemodialysis patients, no meta-analysis on the prevalence and risk factors of PDF has yet been published. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of PDF and explore its related factors. @*Methods@#PubMed, Embase, CENTRAL, Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and the four Chinese databases (National Knowledge Infrastructure [CNKI], Chinese Biomedical Literature database [SinoMed], Wanfang Digital Periodicals [WANFANG], and Chinese Science and Technology Periodicals [VIP] database) were searched from inception up to July 2022. This study was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines. The articles were independently searched by two reviewers, and the relevant data were extracted. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality was used to assess the quality of the included studies. @*Results@#Thirteen articles with 2,118 participants were included. The pooled prevalence was 60.0%. The meta-analysis results revealed that the ultrafiltration volume, mean arterial pressure after dialysis, and good sleep quality were potentially associated with PDF, whereas only good sleep quality (odds ratio 0.24, 95% confidence interval 0.19e0.30) was significantly associated with PDF. @*Conclusion@#PDF is common in maintenance hemodialysis patients, which is related to the ultrafiltration volume, sleep quality, and mean arterial pressure after dialysis. However, the mechanism underlying the risk factors and PDF remains unknown. Further research is warranted to investigate the risk factors, intervention, treatment, and mechanism in maintenance hemodialysis patients.

18.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 1052-1056, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956202

ABSTRACT

The onset of depression is related to many factors such as biological, psychological and social environment, and more and more studies have shown that early life adversity is a risk factor for depression. Patients with depression who have early life adversity have different clinical characteristics, such as greater cognitive impairment and higher risk of suicide, which may be related to changes in cognitive patterns. In addition, early life adversity can cause endocrine, immune and nervous system specific changes in depressed patients. This article reviews the relationship and mechanism between various types of early life adverse and depression, explores the onset of depression and provides theory evidence for early intervention.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 35-40, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931030

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application of intraoperative optical coherence tomography (iOCT) in vitreoretinal surgery.Methods:An observational case series study was conducted.A total of 316 patients (316 eyes) who received vitreoretinal surgery and iOCT from January 2015 to December 2017 in Hangzhou Branch of Eye Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University were enrolled.The iOCT scanning time and result, the consistency between iOCT result and observation under the operating microscope as well as the influence of iOCT on surgical strategy were recorded.The postoperative adverse reactions and complications were observed.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Eye Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University(No.2019-168-K-160). Written informed consent was obtained from all patients prior to any medical examination.Results:There were 85.8% (271/316) of patients who successfully completed iOCT scanning, with an average scanning time of (3.54±2.30)minutes.Among the 271 successful eyes, there were 51 with idiopathic macular hole (IMH), 95 with epiretinal membrane, 50 with dense vitreous hemorrhage (VH), 30 with macular lamellar hole, 12 with vitreous macular traction syndrome, 33 with myopic maculopathy.There were 45 eyes, accounting for 16.6%, the iOCT results of which were inconsistent with the observation of operator under the operating microscope.There were 27 eyes, accounting for 10.0%, the surgical strategy of which was changed.The iOCT results of IMH showed that intra-retinal bridge connection appeared in 2 eyes after ILM peeling, then air tamponade was used.High-reflection strips on the edge of the MH after ILM peeling, called the Hole-door phenomenon, were found in 15 eyes, accounting for 32.6%.In MH with a diameter >400 μm, the postoperative best corrected visual acuity and continuity of outer limiting membrane were better in eyes with Hole-door phenomenon than eyes without Hole-door phenomenon.There were 8 eyes, accounting for 8.4%, showing residual membrane, 3 eyes of which received extra ERM peeling.There were 56 eyes, accounting for 58.9%, showing the secondary changes after membrane peeling.For 50 eyes with dense VH, there were 17 eyes showing the normal macular structure, accounting for 34%, and 33 eyes showing the abnormal macular structure, accounting for 66.0%.In addition, the macular structures of 14 eyes, accounting for 28.0%, observed in iOCT image were inconsistent with the intraocular microscope finding, and 11 of them received extra ERM peeling.Conclusions:The application of iOCT in vitreoretinal surgery can guide the selection of reasonable surgical methods during operation, predict postoperative recovery as well as improve postoperative outcomes.

20.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 847-850, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930531

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the gastrointestinal characteristics of children with glycogen storage disease (GSD) type Ⅰ.Methods:From June to December 2020, clinical data of children aged 0-18 years with GSD type Ⅰ diagnosed by genetic testing from all provinces and cities in China, including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Henan, Hebei, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Anhui and Heilongjiang, were collected.A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was used for data analysis.Results:A total of 52 questionnaires were obtained, and 43 eligible patients aged 1-18 years were recruited, involving 30 males (69.8%) and 13 females (30.2%). Among them, 9 patients were GSD type Ⅰa and 34 patients were type Ⅰb.Seven patients (16.3%) had siblings who were also diagnosed as GSD type Ⅰb.The gastrointestinal manifestations included recurrent diarrhea in 26 patients (60.5%), perianal lesions (erythema, ulcer, abscess) in 25 patients (58.1%), abdominal pain/distension in 24 patients (55.8%), nausea/vomiting in 22 patients (51.1%), mucus/bloody stool in 14 patients (32.6%). Thirty-three patients (76.7%) had recurrent stomatitis and oral ulcer, and 38 patients (88.0%) had at least two gastrointestinal symptoms.White blood cell (WBC) count was <4.0×10 9/L in 24 patients (55.8%), and absolute neutrophils count was <1.5×10 9/L in 19 patients (44.2%), which was <0.5×10 9/L in 10 patients (23.3%). WBC count and absolute neutrophils count both decreased in children with GSD type Ⅰb.Platelets were >300×10 9/L in 30 patients (69.8%). Eighteen patients with GSD type Ⅰb underwent gastroscopy and colonoscopy, and 16 patients were diagnosed with GSD-related inflammatory bowel disease.Thirty-nine patients (90.7%) were fed with raw corn starch, 3 patients (6.9%) with maltodextrin and 19 patients (44.2%) with special enteral formula.Twenty patients with type Ⅰb GSD needed repeated antibiotic treatment due to neutropenia and neutrophil dysfunction.Fifteen patients were treated with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Among them, 11 patients were diagnosed as GSD-related bowel disease. Conclusions:Children with GSD type Ⅰ commonly have gastrointestinal symptoms, especially those with GSD type Ⅰb.The incidence of GSD-related inflammatory bowel disease is high in those children.G-CSF treatment cannot prevent the development of GSD-associated inflammatory bowel disease and its pathogenesis needs further research.Diet therapy is the first-line treatment of GSD type Ⅰ.Multidisciplinary management is helpful to reduce the complications and improve the quality of life in children with GSD type Ⅰ.

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