Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 262
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940703

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the clinical curative effect of modified Shaofu Zhuyutang on pelvic pain of endometriosis (EMT) with syndrome of cold congeal and blood stasis and the influence on neural angiogenesis. MethodA total of 110 cases were divided into a control group (54 cases) and an observation group (56 cases) by the random number table method. Patients in the control group took Aifu Nuangong pills with 6 g/time and 2 times/day. Patients in the observation group took modified Shaofu Zhuyutang with 1 dose/day. Course of treatment continued for 3 menstrual cycles. Dysmenorrhea, other symptoms and signs of pelvic pain, and the EMT health profile-5 (EHP-5) for patients with syndrome of cold congeal and blood stasis and EMT were scored before and after treatment. The levels of peripheral blood nerve growth factor (NGF), substance P (SP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), soluble Fms-like tyrosine kinase(sFlt-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), and insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1) were detected before and after treatment. The levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and other inflammatory factors were detected before and after treatment. The pain medication usage and recurrence were recorded. ResultThe scores of dysmenorrhea, symptoms of pelvic pain symptoms (non-menstrual pelvic pain, dyspareunia, anal falling pain, and defecation pain, etc.), and signs of pelvic pain (pelvic tenderness and sacral ligament tender nodules) in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). The disappearance rates of dysmenorrhea, pelvic tenderness, and sacral ligament tender nodules were 67.35% (33/49), 73.33% (33/45), and 77.27% (34/44) in the observation group, which were all higher than 45.83% (22/48), 48.84% (21/43), and 52.27% (23/44) in the control group. The difference was statistically significant (χ2=4.571, χ2=5.565, χ2=6.026, P<0.05). The scores of EHP-5 and syndrome of cold congeal and blood stasis in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). The levels of VEGF, MMP-9, IGF-1, NGF, SP, CGRP, and BDNF in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01), while the level of sFlt-1 was higher than that in the control group (P<0.01). The levels of PGE2, COX-2, TNF-α, and IL-6 in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). The total effective rate of the observation group was 92.45% (49/53), which was higher than 76.00% (38/50) of the control group (χ2=5.307, P<0.05). After 6 months of follow-up, the recurrence rate in the observation group was 30.61% (15/49), which was lower than 52.63% (20/38) in the control group (χ2=4.315, P<0.05). The average of taking ibuprofen sustained-release capsules in the control group was higher than that in the observation group per menstrual period (P<0.01). ConclusionModified Shaofu Zhuyutang treated pelvic pain of EMT with syndrome of cold congeal and blood stasis by regulating the mechanism of neural angiogenesis, reducing pain, and promoting the disappearance of related pains, thus improving the quality of life. Shaofu Zhuyutang has a better clinical effect than Aifu Nuangong pills and has a low recurrence rate.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932555

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impacts of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) on setup errors during the radiotherapy of elderly patients with rectal cancer.Methods:A total of 45 patients over 70 years of age and receiving radiotherapy were enrolled in the study. A comprehensive geriatric assessment was conducted before the radiotherapy. The enrolled patients had a median age of 77 years, including 28 male and 17 female cases. Meanwhile, 31 patients were determined to be in a good CGA status and 14 were determined to be in a poor CGA status, and 35 patients received radiotherapy in the prone position and 10 in the supine position. Cone beam CT (CBCT) was used for setup correction during radiotherapy. CBCT was performed daily in the first week and once a week from the second week. By fusing and aligning the CBCT images with simulation CT images according to the lumbar vertebra, setup errors in the left-right ( x axis), cranio-caudal ( y axis), and anterior-posterior ( z axis) directions were obtained. A total of 338 CBCT images were obtained. A generalized linear model was used to evaluate the effects of multiple factors on the setup errors. Results:During the radiotherapy, setup errors of all patients were (0.24±0.19) cm in the left-right direction, (0.33±0.25) cm in the cranio-caudal direction, and (0.19±0.15) cm in the anterior-posterior direction. The setup error in the cranio-caudal direction was more than that in the left-right direction and that in the anterior-posterior direction ( Z=-4.86, -7.72, P< 0.001). The setup error in the left-right direction was greater than that in the anterior-posterior direction ( Z=-2.79, P=0.005). The mean setup errors of the good and poor status groups in the left-right direction were (0.21 ± 0.17) and (0.30 ± 0.22) cm, respectively ( Z=2.16, P=0.031). There was no statistically significant difference in the setup errors between cranio-caudal direction and anterior-posterior direction ( P>0.05). The setup errors in the anterior-posterior direction were (0.17 ± 0.13) and (0.27 ± 0.19) cm, respectively for the prone and supine positions during the radiotherapy ( Z=2.85, P=0.004). There was no statistically significant difference in the setup errors between the left-right direction and the cranio-caudal direction ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The status of CGA elderly patients with rectal cancer affects the setup error in the left-right direction. It may be necessary to clinically adjust the PTV margin.

3.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 274-278, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932180

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of a child with very early onset inflammatory bowel disease (VEO-IBD) treated in the digestive department of Guangzhou Women's and children's Medical Center in October 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The patient was hospitalized because of "shortness of breath and abdominal distension" after birth. The gastrointestinal manifestations were diarrhea, mucus bloody stool, feeding intolerance and weight loss; the extraintestinal manifestations were liver function damage and joint damage. Endoscopic examination considered VEO-IBD. The patients were treated with infliximab and enteral nutrition. When the clinical symptoms were relieved and the gastrointestinal mucosa healed, the enteral nutrition regimen was adjusted. At present, she returned to daily diet, and the weight and height reached the level of normal children. VEO-IBD patients can be combined with a variety of extraintestinal manifestations, clinicians need to identify the coexistence of these diseases, effective follow-up.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931030

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application of intraoperative optical coherence tomography (iOCT) in vitreoretinal surgery.Methods:An observational case series study was conducted.A total of 316 patients (316 eyes) who received vitreoretinal surgery and iOCT from January 2015 to December 2017 in Hangzhou Branch of Eye Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University were enrolled.The iOCT scanning time and result, the consistency between iOCT result and observation under the operating microscope as well as the influence of iOCT on surgical strategy were recorded.The postoperative adverse reactions and complications were observed.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Eye Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University(No.2019-168-K-160). Written informed consent was obtained from all patients prior to any medical examination.Results:There were 85.8% (271/316) of patients who successfully completed iOCT scanning, with an average scanning time of (3.54±2.30)minutes.Among the 271 successful eyes, there were 51 with idiopathic macular hole (IMH), 95 with epiretinal membrane, 50 with dense vitreous hemorrhage (VH), 30 with macular lamellar hole, 12 with vitreous macular traction syndrome, 33 with myopic maculopathy.There were 45 eyes, accounting for 16.6%, the iOCT results of which were inconsistent with the observation of operator under the operating microscope.There were 27 eyes, accounting for 10.0%, the surgical strategy of which was changed.The iOCT results of IMH showed that intra-retinal bridge connection appeared in 2 eyes after ILM peeling, then air tamponade was used.High-reflection strips on the edge of the MH after ILM peeling, called the Hole-door phenomenon, were found in 15 eyes, accounting for 32.6%.In MH with a diameter >400 μm, the postoperative best corrected visual acuity and continuity of outer limiting membrane were better in eyes with Hole-door phenomenon than eyes without Hole-door phenomenon.There were 8 eyes, accounting for 8.4%, showing residual membrane, 3 eyes of which received extra ERM peeling.There were 56 eyes, accounting for 58.9%, showing the secondary changes after membrane peeling.For 50 eyes with dense VH, there were 17 eyes showing the normal macular structure, accounting for 34%, and 33 eyes showing the abnormal macular structure, accounting for 66.0%.In addition, the macular structures of 14 eyes, accounting for 28.0%, observed in iOCT image were inconsistent with the intraocular microscope finding, and 11 of them received extra ERM peeling.Conclusions:The application of iOCT in vitreoretinal surgery can guide the selection of reasonable surgical methods during operation, predict postoperative recovery as well as improve postoperative outcomes.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930531

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the gastrointestinal characteristics of children with glycogen storage disease (GSD) type Ⅰ.Methods:From June to December 2020, clinical data of children aged 0-18 years with GSD type Ⅰ diagnosed by genetic testing from all provinces and cities in China, including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Henan, Hebei, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Anhui and Heilongjiang, were collected.A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was used for data analysis.Results:A total of 52 questionnaires were obtained, and 43 eligible patients aged 1-18 years were recruited, involving 30 males (69.8%) and 13 females (30.2%). Among them, 9 patients were GSD type Ⅰa and 34 patients were type Ⅰb.Seven patients (16.3%) had siblings who were also diagnosed as GSD type Ⅰb.The gastrointestinal manifestations included recurrent diarrhea in 26 patients (60.5%), perianal lesions (erythema, ulcer, abscess) in 25 patients (58.1%), abdominal pain/distension in 24 patients (55.8%), nausea/vomiting in 22 patients (51.1%), mucus/bloody stool in 14 patients (32.6%). Thirty-three patients (76.7%) had recurrent stomatitis and oral ulcer, and 38 patients (88.0%) had at least two gastrointestinal symptoms.White blood cell (WBC) count was <4.0×10 9/L in 24 patients (55.8%), and absolute neutrophils count was <1.5×10 9/L in 19 patients (44.2%), which was <0.5×10 9/L in 10 patients (23.3%). WBC count and absolute neutrophils count both decreased in children with GSD type Ⅰb.Platelets were >300×10 9/L in 30 patients (69.8%). Eighteen patients with GSD type Ⅰb underwent gastroscopy and colonoscopy, and 16 patients were diagnosed with GSD-related inflammatory bowel disease.Thirty-nine patients (90.7%) were fed with raw corn starch, 3 patients (6.9%) with maltodextrin and 19 patients (44.2%) with special enteral formula.Twenty patients with type Ⅰb GSD needed repeated antibiotic treatment due to neutropenia and neutrophil dysfunction.Fifteen patients were treated with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Among them, 11 patients were diagnosed as GSD-related bowel disease. Conclusions:Children with GSD type Ⅰ commonly have gastrointestinal symptoms, especially those with GSD type Ⅰb.The incidence of GSD-related inflammatory bowel disease is high in those children.G-CSF treatment cannot prevent the development of GSD-associated inflammatory bowel disease and its pathogenesis needs further research.Diet therapy is the first-line treatment of GSD type Ⅰ.Multidisciplinary management is helpful to reduce the complications and improve the quality of life in children with GSD type Ⅰ.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 221-228, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929561

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether haplotype hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) is effective in the treatment of pre transplant minimal residual disease (Pre-MRD) positive acute B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) compared with HLA- matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) . Methods: A total of 998 patients with B-ALL in complete remission pre-HSCT who either received haplo-HSCT (n=788) or underwent MSDT (n=210) were retrospectively analyzed. The pre-transplantation leukemia burden was evaluated according to Pre-MRD determinedusing multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) . Results: Of these patients, 997 (99.9% ) achieved sustained, full donor chimerism. The 100-day cumulative incidences of neutrophil engraftment, platelet engraftment, and grades Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) were 99.9% (997/998) , 95.3% (951/998) , and 26.6% (95% CI 23.8% -29.4% ) , respectively. The 3-year cumulative incidence of total chronic GVHD was 49.1% (95% CI 45.7% -52.4% ) . The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) and non-relapse mortality (NRM) of the 998 cases were 17.3% (95% CI 15.0% -19.7% ) and 13.8% (95% CI 11.6% -16.0% ) , respectively. The 3-year probabilities of leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) were 69.1% (95% CI 66.1% -72.1% ) and 73.0% (95% CI 70.2% -75.8% ) , respectively. In the total patient group, cases with positive Pre-MRD (n=282) experienced significantly higher CIR than that of subjects with negative Pre-MRD [n=716, 31.6% (95% CI 25.8% -37.5% ) vs 14.3% (95% CI 11.4% -17.2% ) , P<0.001]. For patients in the positive Pre-MRD subgroup, cases treated with haplo-HSCT (n=219) had a lower 3-year CIR than that of cases who underwent MSDT [n=63, 27.2% (95% CI 21.0% -33.4% ) vs 47.0% (95% CI 33.8% -60.2% ) , P=0.002]. The total 998 cases were classified as five subgroups, including cases with negative Pre-MRD group (n=716) , cases with Pre-MRD<0.01% group (n=46) , cases with Pre-MRD 0.01% -<0.1% group (n=117) , cases with Pre-MRD 0.1% -<1% group (n=87) , and cases with Pre-MRD≥1% group (n=32) . For subjects in the Pre-MRD<0.01% group, haplo-HSCT (n=40) had a lower CIR than that of MSDT [n=6, 10.0% (95% CI 0.4% -19.6% ) vs 32.3% (95% CI 0% -69.9% ) , P=0.017]. For patients in the Pre-MRD 0.01% -<0.1% group, haplo-HSCT (n=81) also had a lower 3-year CIR than that of MSDT [n=36, 20.4% (95% CI 10.4% -30.4% ) vs 47.0% (95% CI 29.2% -64.8% ) , P=0.004]. In the other three subgroups, the 3-year CIR was comparable between patients who underwent haplo-HSCT and those received MSDT. A subgroup analysis of patients with Pre-MRD<0.1% (n=163) was performed, the results showed that cases received haplo-HSCT (n=121) experienced lower 3-year CIR [16.0% (95% CI 9.4% -22.7% ) vs 40.5% (95% CI 25.2% -55.8% ) , P<0.001], better 3-year LFS [78.2% (95% CI 70.6% -85.8% ) vs 47.6% (95% CI 32.2% -63.0% ) , P<0.001] and OS [80.5% (95% CI 73.1% -87.9% ) vs 54.6% (95% CI 39.2% -70.0% ) , P<0.001] than those of MSDT (n=42) , but comparable in 3-year NRM [5.8% (95% CI 1.6% -10.0% ) vs 11.9% (95% CI 2.0% -21.8% ) , P=0.188]. Multivariate analysis showed that haplo-HSCT was associated with lower CIR (HR=0.248, 95% CI 0.131-0.472, P<0.001) , and superior LFS (HR=0.275, 95% CI 0.157-0.483, P<0.001) and OS (HR=0.286, 95% CI 0.159-0.513, P<0.001) . Conclusion: Haplo HSCT has a survival advantage over MSDT in the treatment of B-ALL patients with pre MRD<0.1% .


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Graft vs Host Disease , HLA Antigens/genetics , Haplotypes , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Humans , Leukemia, B-Cell/complications , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/complications , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Siblings
7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 957-961, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923598

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish a method for simultaneous determination of zeaxanthin ,β-carotene,β-cryptoxanthin palmitate and zeaxanthin dipalmitate in Lycium barbarum . METHODS L. barbarum was extracted with n-hexane-anhydrous ethanol-acetone-toluene(10∶6∶7∶7,V/V/V/V)by ultrasonic method. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)method was adopted. The determination was performed on YMC C 30 column with mobile phase A consisted of methanol-acetonitrile-water (81∶ 14 ∶ 5,V/V/V)and mobile phase B consisted of dichloromethane (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The column temperature was set at 20 ℃. The detection wavelength was set at 450 nm,and sample size was 20 μL. Using zeaxanthin as control,the relative correction factors (RCFs)of β-carotene,β-cryptoxanthin palmitate and zeaxanthin dipalmitate were calculated , and then the content of each component was calculated according to RCFs and compared with the results of external standard method(ESM). RESULTS The linear range of zeaxanthin ,β-carotene,β-cryptoxanthin palmitate and zeaxanthin dipalmitate were 0.119 4-2.983 8,0.121 7-1.521 6,0.285 9-5.718 8,8.460 5-211.513 3 μg/mL(all R2>0.999). RSDs of precision ,repeatability and stability(16 h)tests were all less than 4%. The average recoveries were 103.34%,107.37%,105.64%,96.16%(RSD<5%,n= 9). The average RCFs of β-carotene,β-cryptoxanthin palmitate and zeaxanthin dipalmitate were 1.109,1.390,1.158. The relative errors of the content determination results by quantitative analysis of multi-components by singer marker (QAMS)and ESM were within ±1%. CONCLUSIONS The established HPLC-QAMS method is accurate and stable ,which can be used for the content determination and quality control of 4 carotenoids in L. barbarum .

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929153

ABSTRACT

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) still lacks effective targeted treatment. Therefore, exploring novel and robust molecular targets is critical for improving the clinical outcome of HNSCC. Here, we reported that the expression levels of family with sequence similarity 64, member A (FAM64A) were significantly higher in HNSCC tissues and cell lines. In addition, FAM64A overexpression was found to be strongly associated with an unfavorable prognosis of HNSCC. Both in vitro and in vivo evidence showed that FAM64A depletion suppressed the malignant activities of HNSCC cells, and vice versa. Moreover, we found that the FAM64A level was progressively increased from normal to dysplastic to cancerous tissues in a carcinogenic 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide mouse model. Mechanistically, a physical interaction was found between FAM64A and forkhead box protein M1 (FOXM1) in HNSCC cells. FAM64A promoted HNSCC tumorigenesis not only by enhancing the transcriptional activity of FOXM1, but also, more importantly, by modulating FOXM1 expression via the autoregulation loop. Furthermore, a positive correlation between FAM64A and FOXM1 was found in multiple independent cohorts. Taken together, our findings reveal a previously unknown mechanism behind the activation of FOXM1 in HNSCC, and FAM64A might be a promising molecular therapeutic target for treating HNSCC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinogenesis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Head and Neck Neoplasms/genetics , Homeostasis , Mice , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912532

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of minimal residual disease (MRD) in prediction of prognosis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients with or above complete remission 2 (CR2) underwent.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 201 ALL patients who received allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) and pretransplant disease status ≥CR2 in Peking University People′s Hospital from January 2009 to December 2018. MRD was measured by multi-parameter flow cytometry at 1 month before transplantation and 1 month, 2 months, 3 months, 4 months, 6 months, 9 months or 12 months after transplantation. To investigate the influence of dynamic changes of MRD before and after transplantation on prognosis.Results:201 ALL patients, including 126 males and 75 females, with a median age of 18 years. The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), non-relapse mortality (NRM), leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) of all cases were 34%, 16%, 50%, and 56%, respectively. Positive pre-SCT MRD patients with higher 3-year CIR (47% vs 26%, P=0.003), lower 3-year LFS (40% vs 55%, P=0.047) and OS (42% vs 60%, P=0.065) than those with negative one. Subjects with positive post-MRD had higher 3-year CIR (73% vs 22%, P<0.001) and lower 3-year LFS (28% vs 56%, P=0.005) and OS (32% vs 60%, P=0.040) compared with those with negative one. Multivariate analysis showed that both pre-MRD and post-MRD were associated with higher CIR ( HR=1.823, P=0.018; HR=3.474, P<0.001), lower LFS ( HR=1.779, P=0.007; HR=2.185, P=0.001) and OS ( HR=1.609, P=0.034; HR=1.970, P=0.001). Negative pre-and post-SCT MRD group had lower 3-year CIR (17%, 42%, 82%; P<0.001) and higher 3-year LFS (61%, 44%, 18%; P<0.001) and OS (63%, 47%, 27%; P<0.001) compared with those unrisen post-SCT MRD group, and increased post-SCT MRD group. Multivariate analysis showed that pre-and post-SCT MRD dynamics were associated with CIR, LFS and OS ( P<0.01 for all) independently. The pre-and post-SCT MRD dynamics could better distinguish CIR (C=0.669) from that of pre-SCT MRD (C=0.587) and post-SCT MRD (C=0.629). Conclusion:Our data suggest that pre-SCT MRD, post-SCT MRD and the dynamic peri-SCT MRD could be used to predict transplant outcome of ALLpatients with or above CR2 who underwent allo-SCT.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912382

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and aquaporin 4 (AQP4) in the inner limiting membrane (ILM) of diabetic retinopathy (DR) with macular edema, and analyze the correlation between VEGF and AQP4 expression.Methods:A cross-sectional study. From September 2019 to September 2020, 38 eyes of 38 patients with DR and idiopathic macular hole (iMH) who underwent vitrectomy (PPV) combined with ILM stripping at the Hangzhou campus of The Affiliated Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University at Hangzhou were included in the study. Among them, there were 25 males and 13 females who aged 37-76 years old, average age was 59±10 years old; All eye included 15 right eyes and 23 left eyes. iMH and DR included 9 eyes in 9 cases and 29 eyes in 29 cases, respectively, and they were divided into iMH group and DR group. The DR group was divided into DME group and no DME group according to whether it was accompanied by diabetic macular edema (DME), with 14 eyes and 15 eyes respectively. After the stripped ILM tissue was fixed, immunofluorescence analysis was performed to obtain a picture of the fluorescence mode of AQP4 and VEGF, and the fluorescence intensity value of VEGF and AQP4 was measured by Image J software. The differences of VEGF and AQP4 immunofluorescence values in the specimens between groups were compared by one-way analysis of variance. The correlation between the fluorescence intensity of AQP4 and the fluorescence intensity of VEGF was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis.Results:The average fluorescence intensity valuesof VEGF and AQP4 in ILM specimens of DME group, no DME group and iMH group were 38.96±7.53, 28.25±3.12, 30.07±4.84 and 49.07±8.73, 37.96±6.45, 38.08±5.04, respectively. The average fluorescence intensity of VEGF and AQP4 in the ILM specimens of the DME group was significantly higher than that of the no DME group and iMH group, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=13.977, 9.454; P<0.05). The average fluorescence intensity values of VEGF and AQP4 on IML specimens in the DR group were 33.80±7.91, 43.76±9.44, respectively. The results of Pearson correlation analysis showed that the fluorescence intensity of VEGF and AQP4 in the ILM specimens of the DR group was significantly positively correlated ( r=0.597, P=0.003). Conclusions:The expressions of VEGF and AQP4 in ILM of eyes with DR and DME are significantly increased compared with those without DME. The expression of VEGF and AQP4 in ILM of eyes with DR is positively correlated.

11.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 683-687, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911506

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the mRNA expression profile of CD4 + T cells in the peripheral blood of leprosy patients, and to screen and identify genes that may be closely related to the pathogenesis of leprosy. Methods:From July 2018 to May 2020, 45 leprosy patients were collected from Hunan Province, and 45 healthy volunteers from Health Examination Center of Changsha Central Hospital. CD4 + T cells were isolated from peripheral blood samples by using magnetic beads, and then RNA was extracted. Solexa sequencing was performed to screen differentially expressed genes between 6 patients and 6 healthy controls, who were randomly selected from the above subjects. Differentially expressed genes were defined as those with a fold change greater than 2 and a P value below 0.05, and then Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis was performed. Real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR was conducted to verify the gene expression. Results:Genetic screening revealed 4 831 newly-discovered transcripts with protein-coding potential. Eight differentially expressed genes were screened out between the two groups. Among them, the mRNA expression of CXCL8, PPBP, RPS18 and IL-1β genes was up-regulated, while the mRNA expression of RNH1, RPL39, RPL15 and AMBRA1 genes was down-regulated. Verification results of real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR were consistent with the above-mentioned genetic screening results. KEGG analysis showed that the differentially expressed genes between leprosy patients and healthy controls were mainly enriched in mitochondrial autophagy, autophagy-related pathways and human papillomavirus infection pathways.Conclusion:Down-regulated mRNA expression of AMBRA1 and RNH1 genes and up-regulated mRNA expression of CXCL8, PPBP and IL-1β genes were identified in patients with leprosy, which may be involved in the pathogenesis of leprosy through the mitochondrial autophagy pathway and chemokine-mediated signaling pathway, respectively.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911427

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidences and risk factors of poor hematopoietic reconstitution (PHR) in patients with hematological diseases who underwent haploidentical allograft and were treated with rituximab for desensitization.Methods:Eight-three donor specific anti-HLA antibody (DSA, 2000 ≤MFI<10 000) positive patients who underwent haploidentical allograft were prospectively enrolled. Rituximab (375 mg/m 2) was used for desensitization day-3 of conditioning regimen. Incidence and factors associated with PHR, including primary poor graft function and prolonged thrombocytopenia, were investigated. Results:There were 22 males and 61 females with a median age of 39(range: 1-65) years. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the 100 day cumulative incidences of neutrophil and platelet engraftment were 93.0% and 90.7%, respectively. The incidences of PHR were 14.7%. The 3-year relapse rate, non-relapse mortality (NRM) rate, event-free survival (EFS), leukemia-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 6.5%, 15.1%, 70.8%, 79.4% and 79.4%, respectively. Patients with DSA MFI<5 000 (group A, n=46) experienced lower PHR (4.4% vs. 27.5%, P=0.003), and higher 3-year EFS (79.5% vs. 59.8%, P=0.020) compared to those with DSA MFI≥5 000 (group B, n=37). Multivariate analysis showed that DSA MFI≥5 000 was correlated with PHR ( HR=6.101, P=0.021). PHR was associated with higher NRM ( HR=4.110, P=0.026), lower DFS ( HR=3.656, P=0.019) and OS ( HR=3.656, P=0.019). Conclusion:Our data suggest that high pre-transplant DSA level is a risk factor for PHR in patients with hematological diseases receiving haploidentical allograft and rituximab for desensitization.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1309-1314, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882083

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To investigate the distribution characteristics of retinal nerve fiber layer(RNFL)thickness and vessel density(VD)in macular area of eyes with high myopia(HM), using optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA).<p>METHODS:Forty eyes in 20 patients diagnosed with HM, age 29.90±7.92 years old, with a spherical equivalent(SE)of -8.95±2.01 D, were recruited. The RNFL thickness and the VD of the superficial retinal capillary plexus(SCP), deep retinal capillary plexus, and choroidal capillary(CC)were measured by OCTA. Macular regions within a 6 mm diameter circle were divided into 9 subfields: the central subfield, and the pericentral and peripheral regions of superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal quadrants. The RNFL thickness of different subfields were compared, and their relationships with SE, axial length, and VD were analyzed.<p>RESULTS:In the pericentral region, the RNFL thickness of the superior quadrant was the lowest, whereas thickness was highest in the inferior quadrant(all <i>P</i><0.05). In the peripheral region, the RNFL thickness of the temporal quadrant was the lowest(all <i>P</i><0.05). A negative correlation was found between the RNFL thickness and SE(<i>r</i>=-0.356, <i>P</i>=0.024)in the peripheral superior subfield. The VD of SCP was positively correlated with RNFL thickness in the nasal and inferior quadrants of the pericentral region and in the superior, nasal, and inferior quadrants of the peripheral region(<i>r</i>=0.314, 0.408, 0.467, 0.655, and 0.737 respectively; all <i>P</i><0.05), whereas the VD of CC was negatively correlated with RNFL thickness in the peripheral superior subfield(<i>r</i>=-0.356, <i>P</i>=0.024).<p>CONCLUSION:The RNFL of macular areas is not uniformly distributed in HM. As the SE increases, the RNFL thickness decreases in certain areas, which correlates with the VD of SCP and CC layers.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881495

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the contamination and antimicrobial resistance of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in seafood sold in a place of Zhejiang Province, and to provide basic data for the prevention and control of food-borne diseases caused by V. parahaemolyticus. Methods:V. parahaemolyticus was isolated and identified from seafood according to GB 4789.7—2013 method. The virulence genes were identified by real-time fluorescent PCR, and the antimicrobial sensitivity test was performed by Kirby-Bauer method. Results:V. parahaemolyticus was isolated from 55 of 210 seafood samples. The detection rate was 26.19%, and the detection rates of different species were quite different. None of the 55 isolates contained virulence genes tdh and trh, while all isolates have species-specific genes tlh and toxR. Most isolates were resistant to ampicillin and amoxicillin, with the same antimicrobial resistance rate of 96.36%. All isolates were fully sensitive to ampicillin/sulbactam, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, loxacin and chloramphenicol. Conclusion:V. parahaemolyticus contamination is common in sold seafood. The antimicrobial resistance of the isolates has reached a certain level. Monitoring of the pollution status of V. parahaemolyticus in seafood should be strengthened and the aquaculture and clinical use of antibiotics should be standardized.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881086

ABSTRACT

Natural product bufotenine (5) which could be isolated from Venenum Bufonis, has been widely used as a tool in central nervous system (CNS) studies. We present here its quaternary ammonium salt (6) which was synthesized with high yields using 5-benzyloxyindole as raw materials, and we firstly discover its analgesic effects in vivo. The analgesic evaluation showed that compounds 5 and 6 had stronger effects on the behavior of formalin induced pain in mice. Moreover, the combination of compound 6 and morphine has a synergistic effect. We intended to explain the molecular mechanism of this effect. Therefore, 36 analgesic-related targets (including 15 G protein-coupled receptors, 6 enzymes, 13 ion channels, and 2 others) were systemically evaluated using reverse docking. The results indicate that bufotenine and its derivatives are closely related to acetyl cholinesterase (AChE) or α

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1199-1208, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878101

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#For patients with B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL) who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT), many variables have been demonstrated to be associated with leukemia relapse. In this study, we attempted to establish a risk score system to predict transplant outcomes more precisely in patients with B-ALL after allo-SCT.@*METHODS@#A total of 477 patients with B-ALL who underwent allo-SCT at Peking University People's Hospital from December 2010 to December 2015 were enrolled in this retrospective study. We aimed to evaluate the factors associated with transplant outcomes after allo-SCT, and establish a risk score to identify patients with different probabilities of relapse. The univariate and multivariate analyses were performed with the Cox proportional hazards model with time-dependent variables.@*RESULTS@#All patients achieved neutrophil engraftment, and 95.4% of patients achieved platelet engraftment. The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), overall survival (OS), leukemia-free survival (LFS), and non-relapse mortality were 20.7%, 70.4%, 65.6%, and 13.9%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with positive post-transplantation minimal residual disease (MRD), transplanted beyond the first complete remission (≥CR2), and without chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) had higher CIR (P  < 0.001, P = 0.004, and P  < 0.001, respectively) and worse LFS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.017, and P  < 0.001, respectively), and OS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.009, and P  < 0.001, respectively) than patients without MRD after transplantation, transplanted in CR1, and with cGVHD. A risk score for predicting relapse was formulated with the three above variables. The 5-year relapse rates were 6.3%, 16.6%, 55.9%, and 81.8% for patients with scores of 0, 1, 2, and 3 (P  < 0.001), respectively, while the 5-year LFS and OS values decreased with increasing risk score.@*CONCLUSION@#This new risk score system might stratify patients with different risks of relapse, which could guide treatment.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stem Cell Transplantation
17.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 600-604, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909367

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the effect of optimized catheter management strategy on reducing the incidence of catheter-related adverse events in interhospital patients transition with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).Methods:A historical control trial was conducted. The patients transferred with ECMO to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from January 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled. From January 2019 to December 2020, 38 patients with interhospital transport using optimized catheter management strategy were as observation group; from January to December in 2018, 30 patients with routine catheter management method were selected as the control group. The incidence of catheter-related adverse events during transition was compared between the two groups.Results:There were no significant differences in clinical data such as age, number of catheters, transit time, transit distance, ECMO operation time between the observation group and the control group [age (years old): 58.26±10.38 vs. 54.00±16.61, number of catheters (roots): 6.03±1.32 vs. 5.51±1.37, transit time (hours): 2.48±0.30 vs. 2.51±0.39, transfer distance (kilometers): 155.27±20.45 vs. 165.56±25.62, ECMO operating time (days): 8.47±1.28 vs. 9.11±1.99, all P > 0.05]. The incidence of catheter-related adverse events in the control group was 26.67% (8/30), among them, 2 patients had ECMO catheter discount after getting over the bed, causing the flow alarm; 1 patient's central venous catheter (CVC) was not placed with U-shape and twisted, the vasopressors were not entered in time, which caused hypotension; 3 patients had more bleeding at the puncture points and film crimping; the urinary catheters were clamped in 2 patients and not opened in time. In the observation group, the patients did not have catheter-related adverse events during transition. There was statistically significant difference in the incidence of catheter-related adverse events between the two groups (χ 2 = 7.814, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The implementation of optimized catheter management strategy can greatly reduce the incidence of catheter-related adverse events and provide an effective safety guarantee for the interhospital transit of ECMO patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906439

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences in rhizosphere microbial community structure between <italic>Fusarium</italic> wilt-infected and healthy <italic>Chrysanthemum morifolium </italic>plants<italic>.</italic> Method:The rhizosphere soils of diseased and healthy<italic> C. morifolium </italic>plants were sampled and subjected to high-throughput 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequencing, to identify the microbial community structure including bacteria and fungi. Result:<italic>Fusarium</italic> wilt reduced the bacterial abundance and diversity but had no significant effect on fungal alpha-diversity.The proportions of Acidobacteria, Gemmatimonadetes, and Nitrospirae in rhizosphere soil of healthy <italic>C.morifolium</italic> plants were higher than those of diseased plants, while the proportions of Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes were lower(<italic>P</italic><0.05). <italic>Fusarium</italic> fungi accounted for 27.49%, 14.53%, and 11.94% in diseased plants whereas 0.47%, 1.01%, and 0.67% in healthy plants.Pathogenic bacteria <italic>Pectobacterium</italic> and <italic>Dickeya</italic> were enriched in rhizosphere soil of diseased plants. The abundances of nitrifying, detoxifying, and photosynthetic bacteria in rhizosphere soil of healthy plants were higher than those of diseased plants. Conclusion:<italic>Fusarium</italic> wilt reduces the bacterial richness and diversity and triggers the enrichment of massive <italic>Fusarium</italic> fungi, <italic>Pectobacterium</italic>, and <italic>Dickeya</italic>. The proportion of beneficial bacteria in rhizosphere soil of healthy plants is significantly higher than that of diseased plants.

19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1797-1801, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the treatment outcome and prognosis of the newly-treated myc@*METHODS@#152 double-expression lymphoma patients (myc@*RESULTS@#The median age of 152 DEL patients was 60.5 years old (15-87 years old). 85 patients (55.9%) were Ann Arbor stage III/IV. There was no significant difference in clinical data between the patients in the two groups. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that bcl-6 expression, ECOG score, and stage were the independent prognostic factors for the entire group of DEL patients. There was no statistical difference in ORR between the patients in the two groups (χ2=0.749, P=0.387). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that PFS and OS of the bcl-6@*CONCLUSION@#bcl-6


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide , Doxorubicin , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Middle Aged , Prednisolone , Prognosis , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Young Adult
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921808

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) and Bioinformatics Analysis Tool for Molecular Mechanism of Traditional Chinese Medicine(BATMAN-TCM) were searched for the effective components and targets of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction. The relevant targets for endometriosis(EMT) and dysmenorrhea were retrieved from the Comparative Toxicogenomics Database(CTD), Therapeutic Target Database(TTD), GeneCards, and DisGeNET with the terms of "endometriosis" and "dysmenorrhea". Cytoscape 3.8.0 was employed to construct the drug-active component-therapeutic target network. A protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was established by STRING 11.0. Analyze Network, the plug-in in the Cytoscape 3.8.0, was used to calculate the topological parameters of the nodes and screen out the critical proteins in the network. The potential therapeutic targets were imported into RStudio and subjected to Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment analyses with clusterProfiler package. Finally, the AutoDock Vina(Vina) platform was used for molecular docking to predict the binding degree of the main active components of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction to key targets. As revealed by the screening results, 136 active components and 380 targets of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction were obtained. Additionally, there were 1 627 targets related to EMT and 142 targets related to dysmenorrhea with 107 common targets, and 42 potential therapeutic targets of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction for the treatment of EMT-induced dysmenorrhea. The targets such as interleukin 6(IL6) and prostaglandi-nendoperoxide synthase-2(PTGS2) were pivotal in the biological network of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction intervention in EMT-induced dysmenorrhea, which involved multiple signaling pathways, including inflammation, hormones, and those promoted cell proliferation [e.g., mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase(PI3 K)-protein kinase B(AKT)]. The results of molecular docking showed that the active components of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction had good binding capacities to key targets such as IL6 and PTGS2. The findings of this study demonstrated that Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction could treat EMT-induced dysmenorrhea through multiple targets and multiple pathways, which could provide new ideas for investigating the underlying mechanism of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction in the treatment of EMT-induced dysmenorrhea.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dysmenorrhea/genetics , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL