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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 134-141, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979458

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of Flemiphilippinin D on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in rats and explore its mechanism. MethodForty rats were randomly divided into normal group, CIA group, methotrexate (MTX) group (1.35 mg·kg-1), low-dose Flemiphilippinin D group (1.5 mg·kg-1), and high-dose Flemiphilippinin D group (3.0 mg·kg-1), with eight rats in each group. Except for the normal group, the CIA model was induced by type Ⅱ collagen. Each group was given corresponding liquid medicine or normal saline, once a week in the MTX group, and once a day in the Flemiphilippinin D groups for a total of 28 days. The arthritis score and joint swelling degree of rats were experimentally recorded. Pathological changes in the ankle joint of rats were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Serum levels of inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were detected by enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA), and the mRNA expression of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), and nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the protein expressions of TLR2, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 were detected by Western blot. ResultCompared with the normal group, the ankle joint of the CIA group was significantly swollen, and the clinical score of arthritis and the degree of joint swelling were significantly increased (P<0.01). The ankle joint tissue structure was significantly damaged, and the levels of inflammatory factors IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α in serum were significantly increased (P<0.01). The mRNA levels and protein levels of TLR2, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 were significantly increased(P<0.01). Compared with the CIA group, arthritis clinical score and joint swelling of rats in each administration group were significantly reduced (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the pathological changes in the ankle joint were significantly improved. The contents of serum IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α were significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). The mRNA levels and protein levels of TLR2, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 in the ankle joint were significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionTo a certain extent, Flemiphilippinin D can reduce the expression of inflammatory factors in rheumatoid arthritis rats and play a good therapeutic effect. It works perhaps by inhibiting the activation of the TLR2/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway and thus shows an anti-inflammatory effect.

2.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 43-48, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930088

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Tangtong formula on the expression of autophagy pathway proteins PI3K, Akt and mTOR in sciatic nerve of DPN rats, and to explore its mechanism. Methods:There were 60 male SD rats, 15 of which were randomly selected as the normal group, and the other rats were used to establish DPN model with STZ + ischemia-reperfusion method. Then they were divided into model group, Tangtong formula low-dose group and Tangtong formula high-dose group, with 15 rats in each group with random number table method. 36.67 g/kg Tangtong formula was administered by gavage in the high-dose group and 18.33 g/kg Tangtong formula was administered by gavage in the low-dose group, once a day. After 8 weeks of continuous gavage, the conduction velocity of sciatic nerve was detected. The mRNA and protein expression levels of PI3K, Akt and mTOR were detected by PCR and Western blot. The structure of sciatic nerve fibers was observed by HE staining. Results:Compared with the model group, the motor nerve conduction velocity, sensory nerve conduction velocity, muscle compound action potential and sensory nerve action potential in the low-dose Tangtong formula group and high-dose Tangtong formula group were increased ( P<0.05). The expression of PI3K mRNA(6.05±0.18, 3.36±0.29 vs. 11.57±1.93), Akt mRNA(1.26±0.13, 0.64±0.04 vs. 1.86±0.06), mTOR mRNA(1.82±0.11, 0.92±0.06 vs. 2.68±0.18) of sciatic nerve in rats of the low-dose and high-dose group were increased ( P<0.05). The expression of PI3K(0.40±0.00, 0.19±0.02 vs. 0.61±0.03), Akt(0.64±0.02, 0.45±0.01 vs. 0.83±0.02), mTOR(0.17±0.01, 0.09±0.00 vs. 0.34±0.01)of sciatic nerve in rats of the low-dose and high-dose group were increased ( P<0.05). The model group's nerve fibers were loose and swollen, myelin sheath became thin, and the axis Atresia, the neuromorphology of the low-dose and high-dose group tended to be normal, and the morphology of myelin sheath and axon were better. Conclusions:Tangtong formula could improve the conduction velocity and potential amplitude of sciatic nerve in DPN rats, reduce nerve injury and demyelinating changes, improve axon morphology and protect nerve fiber structure. Its mechanism might be related to activating PI3K/Akt/mTOR signal pathway and inhibiting excessive autophagy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 1375-1380, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014743

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the effects of prolonged sevoflurane exposure on prefrontal cortical metabolites in aged mice using a metabolomics approach. METHODS: Ten 18-month-old male C57BL/J6 mice were divided into a sevoflurane group (Sev group) and a control group (Con group) by the random number table method, with five mice in each group. Mice in the sevoflurane group were anesthetized with 3% sevoflurane and 60% oxygen for 6 h. Mice in the control group were given 60% oxygen under the same conditions for 6 h. All mice were executed immediately after the end of anesthesia or oxygenation, and fresh prefrontal cortex was taken for LC-MS/MS analysis. The data obtained were processed and analyzed using OSV2.1 software (AB SCIEX). RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the content of glutathione, arginine, coenzyme A, 1-methyl-histi-dine, L-arginino-succinate and 2-isopropylmalic acid was reduced in the prefrontal cortex of aged mice in the sevoflurane group, while the content of mesaconic acid was increased. A total of 29 metabolic pathways were involved in the differential metabolites, with significant enrichment in nine pathways including arginine biosynthesis. CONCLUSION: Significant changes in metabolites such as glutathione, arginine, and coenzyme A occurred in the prefrontal cortex of aged mice exposed to prolonged sevoflurane. The changes in these products may affect the amino acid metabolic pathway and the gluconeogenic pathway.

4.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 22-32, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929233

ABSTRACT

Iron overload injury is considered to be a part of blood stasis syndrome of arthralgia in traditional Chinese medicine. Its primary therapies include clearing heat and detoxification, activating blood circulation, and removing blood stasis. Lonicera japonica flos (LJF) has long been known as an excellent antipyretic and antidote. Luteoloside (Lut) is one of the main components of LJF and exhibits antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and cytoprotective properties. However, the protection of Lut against iron overload injury and its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, HUVECs were exposed to 50 μmol·L-1 iron dextran for 48 h to establish an iron overload damage model and the effects of Lut were assessed. Our results showed that 20 μmol·L-1 Lut not only increased cell viability and weakened LDH activity, but also significantly up-regulated DDAHⅡ expression and activity, increased p-eNOS/eNOS ratio and NO content, and reduced ADMA content in HUVECs exposed to iron overload. Furthermore, Lut significantly attenuated intracellular/mitochondrial ROS generation, improved SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px activities, reduced MDA content, maintained MMP, inhibited mPTP opening, prevented cyt c from mitochondria released into cytoplasm, reduced cleaved-caspase3 expression, and ultimately decreased cell apoptosis induced by iron overload. The effects of Lut were similar to those of L-arginine (an ADMA competitive substrate), cyclosporin A (a mPTP blocker agent), and edaravone (a free radical scavenger) as positive controls. However, addition of pAD/DDAH II-shRNA adenovirus reversed the above beneficial effects of Lut. In conclusion, Lut can protect HUVECs against iron overload injury via the ROS/ADMA/DDAH II/eNOS/NO pathway. The mitochondria are the target organelles of Lut's protective effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endothelium, Vascular , Glucosides , Iron Overload , Luteolin , Reactive Oxygen Species
5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1527-1533, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908112

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of alcohol abstinence intervention based on timing theory on patients with alcoholic liver disease.Methods:A total of 106 patients with alcoholic liver disease hospitalized in the Department of liver disease of Taian Medical District, 960th Hospital of Chinese PLA from July 2018 to June 2019 were selected by convenience sampling method and divided into observation group and control group by random digits table method, 53 cases in each group. The control group received routine nursing, and through the improvement of patients' cognition and support system, implemented short abstinence intervention during hospitalization; the observation group received abstinence intervention based on timing theory on the basis of the control group intervention. At 1 month and 6 months after discharge, the differences of rehydration rate, alcohol dependence and physical and mental status between the two groups were compared.Results:Finally, 49 cases in the control group completed the study, and 51 cases in the observation group completed the study. The rehydration rates of the observation group were 21.57%(11/51) and 15.69%(8/51) respectively at 1 month and 6 months after discharge, while those of the control group were 40.82%(20/49) and 36.73%(18/49) respectively at 1 month and 6 months after discharge. The difference was statistically significant ( χ2 values were 4.328, 5.754, P<0.05). The alcohol dependence scores were 0(2,3), 0(1,2) in the observation group and 2(0,3), 3(1,4) in the control group at 1 month and 6 months after discharge, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z values were -6.719, -7.345, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the score of Symptom Checklist-90(SCL-90) before intervention and 1 month after discharge between the two groups ( P>0.05). Six months after discharge, the score of SCL-90 was 8.26 ± 1.37 in the observation group and 10.11 ± 1.68 in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant( t value was 6.046, P<0.01). Conclusions:The application of timing theory in alcohol abstinence of patients with alcoholic liver disease can significantly reduce the relapse rate and the degree of alcohol dependence of patients with alcoholic liver disease, improve the physical and mental state of patients.

6.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 329-334, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882591

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of thyroid nodules in diabetic patients and its correlation with Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) constitution.Methods:A Total of 213 cases of diabetic patients in Guang’anmen Hospital and Tangshan Hospital from January 2019 to August 2020 were choosen to do the questionnaire, with containly symptom and constitution. The patients were divided into diabetes with thyroid nodules group and diabetes without thyroid nodules group according to whether thyroid nodules were combined. We compared the clinical data characteristics of 2 groups, and used multi-factor logistic regression model to analyze the risk factors of diabetic patients with thyroid nodules and their correlation with TCM constitutions. Results:Diabetes patients aged from 50-80 years old [ OR=2.949, 95% CI (1.266-6.714)], females [ OR=3.736, 95% CI (1.823-1.541)], diabetes duration≥15 years [ OR=1.558, 95% CI (1.623-1.585)], elevated HbA1c [ OR=5.862, 95% CI (1.418-23.629)], elevated VLDL [ OR=2.851, 95% CI (1.597-6.824)], frequent insomnia [ OR=1.970, 95% CI (1.315-3.395)], Qi stagnation [ OR=4.357, 95% CI (2.634-8.377)], blood stasis [ OR=4.420, 95% CI (1.874-15.258)] are more likely to suffer from thyroid nodules ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Diabetic patients aged from 50-80 years old, females, diabetes duration≥15 years, elevated HbA1c, family history of thyroid nodules, frequent insomnia, and mood swings are more likely to develop thyroid nodules; qi stagnation and blood stasis are dangerous constitutions for diabetic patients with thyroid nodules.

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 361-367, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015042

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) on doxorubicin (Dox) induced cardiotoxicity and the role of 14-3-3γ/Bcl-2 protein expression. METHODS: Primary cultured cardiomyocytes were randomly divided into Control group, Dox group, Dox+TMP group and Dox+TMP+pAD/14-3-3γ-shRNA group. After 48 hours, the cell viability was detected by MST, the activity of LDH in culture medium, the activities of Caspase-3, SOD, GSH-Px and the content of MDA were detected; the expression of 14-3-3γ and mitochondrial Bcl-2 was detected by Western blot; ROS generation, mitochondrial membrane potential and mPTP opening were detected by flow cytometry; apoptosis was detected by TUNEL method. RESULTS: After Dox exposed for 48 hours, the viability of cardiomyocytes decreased significantly, the activity of LDH in culture medium increased, the activities of SOD and GSH-Px decreased, the content of MDA increased, ROS generation increased; the mitochondrial membrane potential decreased, mPTP continued to open, caspase-3 activity and apoptosis increased. TMP pretreatment significantly upregulated the expression of 14-3-3γ and mitochondrial Bcl-2, and reversed the above changes simultaneously; pAD/14-3-3γ-shRNA not only downregulated the expression of 14-3-3γ, but also decreased the expression of Bcl-2 in mitochondria. CONCLUSION: TMP pretreatment upregulates the expression of 14-3-3γ and mitochondrial Bcl-2, inhibits oxidative stress, maintains mitochondrial function and reduces Dox induced apoptosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1208-1210, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922025

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the molecular genetics of a Chinese pedigree with congenital hand foot cleft.@*METHODS@#Single nucleotide polymorphism microarray (SNP array) was used to analyze the whole genome copy number variation.@*RESULTS@#SNP array analysis showed that there was a 433 kb repeat in 10q24.31-10q24.32 region, which contained LBX1, BTRC, POLL, OPCD and FBXW4 genes.@*CONCLUSION@#Microduplication of chromosome 10q24.31-10q24.32 may be the cause of congenital hand foot cleft in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , DNA Copy Number Variations/genetics , Foot Deformities, Congenital/genetics , Hand Deformities, Congenital/genetics , Pedigree
9.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 812-819, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775101

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the clinical effect of azithromycin (AZM) adjuvant therapy in children with bronchiolitis.@*METHODS@#Related databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on AZM adjuvant therapy in children with bronchiolitis published up to February 17, 2019. RevMan 5.3 was used to perform the Meta analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 14 RCTs were included, with 667 children in the intervention group and 651 in the control group. The pooled effect size showed that in the children with bronchiolitis, AZM adjuvant therapy did not shorten the length of hospital stay (MD=-0.29, 95%CI: -0.62 to 0.04, P=0.08) or oxygen supply time (MD=-0.33, 95%CI: -0.73 to 0.07, P=0.10), while it significantly shortened the time to the relief of wheezing (MD=-1.00, 95%CI: -1.72 to -0.28, P=0.007) and cough (MD=-0.48, 95%CI: -0.67 to -0.29, P<0.00001). The analysis of bacterial colonization revealed that AZM therapy significantly reduced the detection rates of Streptococcus pneumoniae (OR=0.24, 95%CI: 0.11-0.54, P=0.0006), Haemophilus (OR=0.28, 95%CI: 0.14-0.55, P=0.0002), and Moraxella catarrhalis (OR=0.21, 95%CI: 0.11-0.40, P<0.00001) in the nasopharyngeal region.@*CONCLUSIONS@#AZM adjuvant therapy can reduce the time to the relief of wheezing and cough in children with bronchiolitis, but it has no marked effect on the length of hospital stay and oxygen supply time.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Azithromycin , Therapeutic Uses , Bronchiolitis , Drug Therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Length of Stay , Respiratory Sounds
10.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 824-828, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810863

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the incidence of school violence and its related factors among senior students in rural primary schools in Guizhou and Anhui provinces in 2016.@*Methods@#From September to November 2016, one county was randomly selected from 47 impoverished counties of Guizhou and one county was randomly selected from 18 impoverished counties of Anhui Province by using multi-stage cluster sampling method. A total of 4 schools were randomly selected from primary schools which had more than 70% students with rural resident registration in each selected county, and 3 classes were randomly selected from fifth and sixth grades of each selected school. All students in each selected class were included in this study. A total of 2 521 students were included, and 2 506 valid questionnaires were collected with an effective response rate about 99.4%. Self-designed questionnaires were used to collect data on individual information, family information, and the incidence of school violence with related factors. Multivariable logistic regression was conducted to analyze related factors of school violence.@*Results@#The incidence of violence in rural primary schools was 50.4% (1 264/2 506) in 2016. The number of students who had physical assault, fought or been bullied was 682 (27.2%), 689 (27.5%) and 764 (30.5%), respectively. The results of multivariable logistic regression showed that the OR (95%CI) values of incidence of school violence for male students was 2.13(1.78-2.54) compared with female students; and the OR(95%CI) values of incidence of school violence for students with high peer acceptance, high family intimacy, more physical activity and mother who had education background of junior high school, senior high school, technical secondary school and junior college, bachelor′s degree or above were 0.39 (0.26-0.57), 0.47 (0.40-0.57), 0.64 (0.52-0.78), 0.79 (0.66-0.96), and 0.65 (0.46-0.92) compared with those with low peer acceptance, low family intimacy, less physical activity and mother who had primary education and below.@*Conclusion@#The incidence of violence in rural primary schools is not optimistic. Gender, peer acceptance, family intimacy, physical activity and mother education are related to school violence.

11.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 571-575, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805769

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the self-reported prevalence, clinical characteristics, complications of allergic rhinitis (AR) and the sensitization of outdoor air pollen allergens in children in the Inner mongolia grassland region.@*Methods@#A multistage, stratified and random clustered sampling with a face-to-face interview survey study in children from 0 to 17 years old was performed together with 10 common allergen skin prick tests (SPT) and measurements of the daily pollen count in 6 regions in the Inner mongolia grassland region from May to August of 2015. SAS 9.4 software was used for data analysis.@*Results@#A total of 2 443 subjects completed the study. The self-reported prevalence of AR was 26.6%. The prevalence of boys was higher than that of girls (28.8% vs 24.3%, χ2=6.157, P<0.05). Subjects from urban areas showed higher prevalence than rural areas (34.7% vs 18.8%, χ2=79.107, P<0.05). There was significant regional difference in the prevalence of AR among the six areas investigated (χ2=221.416, P<0.05). The main clinical symptoms of AR were sneezing (88.2%) and nasal congestion (78.6%). Among combined diseases, asthma accounted for 16.5% (107/650), rhinoconjunctivitis accounted for 47.9% (311/650). The peak season of AR was April and July, with the top SPT positive allergens of Artemisia species and chenopodium in this area.@*Conclusions@#The prevalence AR in children in the Inner mongolia grassland region is extremely high. Sneezing is the main clinical symptom. Rhinoconjunctivitis is the most common combined disease. High summer and autumn pollen exposure is the main cause of AR.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1723-1726, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731226

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To compare the overall surgical outcome of chalazion surgery under general anesthesia or local anesthesia in children. <p>METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study. Pediatric patients(4-year-old to 10-year-old)with bilateral chalazion who were treated with extraction surgery were included during January 2015 to December 2016. These subjects were divided into two groups according to type of anesthesia: general anesthesia group(GA group, 67 cases, 134 eyes)and local anesthesia group(LA group, 72 cases, 144 eyes). The pain score(FPS-R)and post-operative psychological destruction scores, condition of tear film and Meibomian gland, the recurrent rate and postoperative complications were recorded and statistically analyzed. <p>RESULTS: No anesthesia-associated complication were recorded in both groups. The children in GA group felt no pain during operations. The FPS-R score at 3h after surgery in GA group was 4.94±1.23, which was significantly lower than that of LA group(7.00±1.14, <i>P</i><0.001). And 12 cases in GA group showed resistance to re-examination at hospital, while 35 cases showed resistance in LA group(<i>P</i><0.01). The tear break-up time, tear meniscus height and lipid layer thickness were higher than those in LA group(<i>P</i><0.001), while the meibum score were significantly lower(<i>P</i><0.01). The recurrent rate of chalazion was 6.0% in GA group and 20.8% in LA group(<i>P</i><0.05). The rate of post-operative complications reached 15.3% in LA group, while only 4.5% in GA group(<i>P</i><0.05). <p>CONCLUSION: Chalazion surgery under general anesthesia has the advantage of mild pain and good compliance in children. After surgery, the patients presented with better tear film and Meibomian gland status, and fewer complications under general anesthesia.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1696-1704, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780049

ABSTRACT

Taking cabozantinib as leading compound, 13 novel small molecular c-Met inhibitors were designed and synthesized based on the obtained structure-activity relationships (SARs) of c-Met inhibitors. The structures of compounds were confirmed by 1H NMR, 13C NMR and HR-MS. In vitro anti-tumor activity was evaluated by MTT method, and the mechanism was preliminarily disclosed by real-time dynamic living cell imaging and flow cytometry analysis. The results indicated that most of compounds showed good inhibition activity against human non-small-cell carcinoma cell A549 and human colorectal cancer cell HT-29 which was superior to cabozantinb. Compounds showed excellent cytotoxity and anti-proliferative activity against HT-29, and promoted cell apoptosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 481-489, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810068

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the major histological type of primary liver cancer (PLC), and the etiology is relative clear. Chronic infection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) plays dominant roles, and high exposure to aflatoxins is an important co-factor. Qidong was one of the endemic area with high PLC incidence in rural China. The results from a series of etiological intervention studies on PLC in this area indicated that 1) the protective efficacy of neonatal HBV vaccination against PLC development under the age of 30 was 84% (95% CI 23%-97%); 2) the relative risk of liver cancer incidence decreased at least 4 folds in young adults aged <35 years with reducing aflatoxin exposures and cleaning drinking water. The prevention of HBV infection and the supplies of clean water and safe food with limited aflatoxins demonstrated as an effective primary prevention model of liver cancer in rural China.

15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 970-976, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690531

ABSTRACT

The present study aims to investigate the lignans from the flower buds of Magnolia biondii. The isolation and purification of the compounds were performed by column chromatographies on Diaion HP-20, silica gel, and Sephadex LH-20, combined with semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral data and physiochemical properties. Eighteen compounds were isolated and identified as magnolin (1), epimagnolin (2), eudesmin (3), kobusin (4), aschantin (5), lirioresinol B dimethyl ether (6), pinoresinol monomethy ether (7), (+)-de-O-methylmagnolin (8), isoeucommin A (9), syringaresinol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (10), phillygenin (11), lariciresinol-4'-O-β-1-D-glucoside (12), conicaoside (13), (7'S, 8'R)-dihydrodehydrodiconiferylalcohol (14), 7R*, 8S*-dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (15), 7S, 8R-erythro-7, 9, 9'-trihydroxy-3, 3'-dimethoxy-8-O-4'-neolignan 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (16), 7S, 8R-erythro-4, 9, 9'-trihydroxy-3, 3'-dimethoxy-8-O-4'-neolignan-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (17), and (+)-isolariciresinol (18). Compounds 7-18 are isolated from this plant for the first time.

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1457-1461, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614854

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the damage of mitochondria in HUVECs cells by iron overload and the role of ADMA/eNOS/DDAHⅡ in it.Methods HUVECs cells were cultured and randomly divided into normal control (Ctrl) group, dextran iron (Iron) group and L-arginine (L-Arg) group.After 48 h, the survival rate of cells was detected by MTT assay;ADMA content and DDAHⅡactivity were measured by HPLC method;the expression of eNOS was determined by Western blot;LDH activity, MDA and NO content, and mitochondrial permeability transition pores(mPTP) openness were determined by colorimetric assay;ROS generation, mitochondrial membrane potential and apoptosis were determined by flow cytometry.Results After 48 h treatment with iron, the survival rate of HUVECs significantly decreased, while the activity of LDH in culture medium increased.The results showed that ADMA and MDA content significantly increased, NO content, DDAHⅡactivity, and the expression of eNOS markedly decreased, the generation of ROS was evidently elevated, mitochondrial membrane potential was lost apparently, mPTP openness was obvious, and the apoptosis of the HUVECs were worsened.However, as ADMA physiological antagonist, L-Arg significantly attenuated the above effects of iron.Conclusion Iron overload could damage mitochondrial function by eNOS and induce the apoptosis of HUVECs, in which ADMA/DDAHⅡ mechanism may also be engaged.

17.
Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research ; (6): 738-742, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667948

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the content difference of avicularin,quercitrin and quercetin in Herba Taxilli from different host plants. Methods The contents of avicularin,quercitrin and quercetin in Herba Taxilli were determined by RP-HPLC and the samples were prepared by ultrasonic extraction with methanol. The analytical column was UltImate XB-C18(250 mm×4.6 mm,5μm), the mobile phase was acetonitrile-methanol-0.1%phosphate with gradient elution,at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min. The column tempera-ture was set at 25℃,the detection wavelength was 254 nm for avicularin and quercitrin,and 365 nm for quercetin. Results The lin-ear range of the above three ingrediets were 0.0992-1.9840(r=0.9999),0.2254-4.4580(r=0.9999)and 0.1258-2.5160μg(r=0.9997) and the average recovery rates(n=5)were 98.39%,97.08%and 98.159%,respectively. Their contents from different host plants were 0.0000-0.0398,0.3977-0.7639 and 0.0068-0.0231 mg/g in branches and 0.0167-0.1704,1.8626-11.0041,and 0.0185-0.1841 mg/g in leaves. Conclusion The method is accurate,simple and reproducible,and can be used for the quality control of Herba Taxilli.

18.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 682-687, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297226

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the quality of life of children with atopic dermatitis (AD) and their families, and to assess the changes in quality of life after treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The Infants' Dermatitis Quality of Life Index (IDQOL), Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI), and Dermatitis Family Impact (DFI) questionnaires were used to evaluate quality of life in 109 children with AD and 55 normal children. The Severity Scoring of Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) was used to evaluate disease severity. The children were given external application of glucocorticoids according to the SCORAD index, and the clinical outcome and changes in quality of life were observed after 3 months of treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The three items in both IDQOL and CDLQI questionnaires with higher scores were itching/scratching, mood problems, and sleeping disturbance in the AD patients. Sleeping disturbance, fatigue and mood problems were the three items in the DFI questionnaire with higher scores. There was a positive correlation between IDQOL/CDLQI score and SCORAD index (r=0.358, 0.386 respectively; P<0.05). In the younger group (1-4 years), there was a positive correlation between DFI score and SCORAD index (r=0.297; P<0.05). After treatment the severity of AD and quality of life in the children and their families (P<0.05) were significantly improved.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>AD has an adverse effect on quality of life in children with AD and their families. Topical glucocorticoids may control the symptoms of AD and improve the quality of life in children and their families.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Dermatitis, Atopic , Psychology , Therapeutics , Quality of Life , Severity of Illness Index , Surveys and Questionnaires
19.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1457-1460, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621143

ABSTRACT

Because of the particularity and the complexity of integrated management of food, government regulators must perform the whole process of quality control and trace to evaluate and judge the merits of food instead of only depending on product standards.Quality metrics is a new concept for the food industry, and can be regarded as the comprehensive evaluation and measurement for product quality and the standard for judging the quality of food products.Request for Quality Metrics Guidance for Industry was issued, which not only established a new model for the quality control of pharmaceutical industry, but also provided a new way of quality management for the inspection organization.By introducing the contents of Request for Quality Metrics Guidance for Industry issued by the US FDA, on the basis of summarization and thought, the quality management and evaluation of pharmaceutical industry was compared, and the feasibility and applicability of quality metrics management in inspection and testing field, especially in food testing field was evaluated.In this paper, the concept of quality metrics was extended to the level of food inspection laboratory management with hope to provide ideas for the future development of food quality management model.

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3084-3089, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258414

ABSTRACT

Piperine, piperlonguminine and pellitorine are three major amide alkaloids from Piper longum, showing a variety of pharmacological activities. In order to investigate the different metabolism pathways of these compounds in five species of liver microsomes in vitro, the data of full mass spectrum, and MS2, MS3 spectra of these three alkaloids were collected and analyzed by using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a LTQ-orbitrap mass spectrometer (UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS); gragment ion information was collected and combined with fragmentation regularities of mass spectra and accurate mass spectrometry data of metabolites, to compare the metabolism difference of three amide alkaloids in liver microsomes of human, rhesus monkey, Beagle dogs, rats and mice. 3 metabolites of piperine, 2 metabolites of piperlonguminine and 1 metabolite of pellitorine were identified quickly. The results showed that the major metabolic pathways of these amide alkaloids in liver microsomes were methylenedioxy group demethylation and oxidation reaction, and metabolic rates were different between species. This study provides basis for further research on in vivo metabolism of piperine analogues from Piper longum.

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