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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 273-277, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920867

ABSTRACT

Acute liver failure (ALF) in children has complex etiologies, among which inherited metabolic diseases account for a high proportion, especially in infants and young children. Inherited metabolic diseases are a group of congenital diseases with destruction of cell physiological function caused by metabolism-related gene mutations, with various types and diverse clinical manifestations. ALF is one of the serious complications caused by such diseases and is easily neglected due to a lack of specific manifestations. ALF caused by such etiologies should be identified as early as possible to reverse the progression of ALF and improve the prognosis of patients. This article summarizes the common inherited metabolic diseases that can cause ALF in children, in order to improve the awareness of such etiology among physicians.

2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 329-341, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878261

ABSTRACT

Pyroptosis is a form of programmed cell death which is closely related to the inflammatory response, mediated by Gasdermin protein and depends on the activity of cysteine aspartate specific protease (caspase). Pyroptosis is typically characterized by swelling and rupture of cell membrane, release of proinflammatory factors and cell contents from the plasma membrane to the extracellular environment, which aggravates inflammatory response. During the inflammatory response, NLRP3, caspase, Gasdermin D (GSDMD) and IL-1β play important roles in the occurrence and development of cardiovascular diseases. In this review, we focus on the role of pyroptosis in cardiovascular diseases including atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, diabetic cardiomyopathy, pressure overload-induced ventricular remodeling and cardiac hypertrophy, myocarditis, arrhythmia and so on, and summarize the potential treatment targeting pyroptosis. It will provide the basis for prevention and treatment of clinical cardiovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cardiovascular Diseases , Caspases , Humans , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Pyroptosis
3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 781-788, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875998

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To observe circumpapillary and macular vessel density(cpVD/MVD), and to evaluate correlations of cpVD/MVD with retinal nerve fiber layer(RNFL)in patients with acute primary angle-closure glaucoma(APACG).<p>METHODS: Patients with monocular APACG(<i>n</i>=29)visited the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from March 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019 were prospectively enrolled. Moreover, 29 eyes with APACG attack were included in the experimental group to be performed with combined trabeculectomy, and 29 contralateral eyes were served as the control group to receive preventive laser peripheral iridotomy. Changes in the MVD, the cpVD and the thickness of optic nerve fiber layer(RNFL)before operation and 1wk, 1mo, 3mo and 6mo after operation were observed by oraphyptical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA), respectively.<p>RESULTS: Before operation, the experimental group showed lower cpVD in the superotemporal(ST)quadrant and the temporosuperior(TS)quadrant compared with the control group(all <i>P</i><0.01). In addition, a brief rise was observed in each quadrant of the experimental group 1wk after operation, but with lower cpVD in the supero-nasal(SN)quadrant, the ST quadrant and the TS quadrant than the control group(all <i>P</i><0.05). Furthermore, 1mo, 3mo and 6mo after operation, there was a steady downward trend in the cpVD and the MVD in each quadrant of the experimental group over time, and the RNFL thickness was increased at first within 6mo after operation, and then gradually thinned, but the RNFL thickness of the experimental group were thinner than those of the control group 6mo after operation. Correlation analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between the cpVD and the RNFL thickness in the SN, ST, temporoinferior(TI), IT, IN and nasoinferior(NI)quadrants in the experimental group 6mo after operation(all<i> P</i><0.05). <p>CONCLUSION: The RNFL was thickened in the affected eyes in the early stage after acute attack of APACG, and gradually thinned 3-6mo after operation. However, the cpVD was decreased continuously, and there was a correlation between the RNFL thickness and the cpVD 6mo after operation.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922611

ABSTRACT

As a form of new programmed cell death, pyroptosis is divided into a canonical pyroptosis pathway and a non-canonical pyroptosis pathway. In recent years, it is reported that non-canonical pyroptosis is closely related to inflammatory reactions, which directly affects the occurrence, development, and outcome of sepsis, inflammatory bowel disease, respiratory disease, nerve system inflammatory disease, and other inflammatory diseases. When the cells were infected with Gram-negative bacteria or lipopolysaccharide (LPS), it can induce the activation of cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase(caspase)-4/5/11 and directly bind to the cells to cleave gasdermin D (GSDM-D) into the active amino-terminus of GSDM-D. The amino-terminus of GSDM-D with membrane punching activity migrates to the cell membrane, triggering the rupture of the cell membrane, and the cell contents discharge, leading to the occurrence of non-canonical pyroptosis. After activation of caspase-11, it also promotes the canonical pyroptosis, activates and releases interleukin-1β and interleukin-18, which aggravated inflammation. Caspase-4/5/11, GSDM-D, Toll-like receptor 4 and high mobility group protein B1 are the key molecules of the non-canonical pyroptosis. Exploring the mechanisms of non-canonical pyroptosis and the related research progresses in inflammatory diseases intensively is of great significance for clinical prevention and treatment of the relevant diseases.


Subject(s)
Caspases , Humans , Inflammasomes , Inflammation , Lipopolysaccharides , Pyroptosis , Sepsis
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 269-276, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781574

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#China's two-child policy has led to a trend of aging in pregnancy which was associated with adverse outcomes. This study aimed to identify the clinically cutoff maternal age for adverse obstetric outcomes in China.@*METHODS@#This secondary analysis of a multicenter retrospective cohort study included data of childbearing women from 39 hospitals collected in urban China during 2011 to 2012. Logistic regression was used to assess the adjusted odds ratios (aOR) of adverse outcomes in different age groups in comparison to women aged 20 to 24 years. The adjustments included the location of the hospital, educational level, and residence status. Clinically cutoff age was defined as the age above which the aOR continuously become both statistically (P  2) significant.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 108,059 women were recruited. In primiparae, clinically cutoff maternal ages for gestational diabetes (aOR: 2.136, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.856-2.458, P < 0.001), placenta previa (aOR: 2.400, 95% CI: 1.863-3.090, P < 0.001), cesarean section (aOR: 2.511, 95% CI: 2.341-2.694, P < 0.001), hypertensive disorder (aOR: 2.122, 95% CI: 1.753-2.569, P < 0.001), post-partum hemorrhage (aOR: 2.129, 95% CI: 1.334-3.397, P < 0.001), and low birth weight (aOR: 2.174, 95% CI: 1.615-2.927, P < 0.001) were 27, 31, 33, 37, 41, and 41 years, respectively. In multiparae, clinically cutoff ages for gestational diabetes (aOR: 2.977, 95%CI: 1.808-4.904, P < 0.001), hypertensive disorder (aOR: 2.555, 95% CI: 1.836-3.554, P < 0.001), cesarean section (aOR: 2.224, 95% CI: 1.952-2.534, P < 0.001), post-partum hemorrhage (aOR: 2.140, 95% CI: 1.472-3.110, P < 0.001), placenta previa (aOR: 2.272, 95% CI: 1.375-3.756, P < 0.001), macrosomia (aOR: 2.215, 95% CI: 1.552-3.161, P < 0.001), and neonatal asphyxia (aOR: 2.132, 95% CI: 1.461-3.110, P < 0.001) were 29, 31, 33, 35, 35, 41, and 41 years, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early cutoff ages for gestational diabetes and cesarean section highlight a reasonable childbearing age in urban China. The various optimized cutoff ages for different adverse pregnancy outcomes should be carefully considered in childbearing women.

6.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 342-348, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857762

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To identify morphological characteristics of Cyathula officinalis Kuan. and Cyathula capitata(Wall.) Moq.. METHODS: Based on tissue morphology features, C. officinalis Kuan. and Cyathula capitata (Wall.) Moq. were differentiated by using tissue sectioning, optical microscope, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy technology. RESULTS: C. officinalis exhibited features, such as main roots, stems composed of four vascular bundles, relative rich trichomes, less green color, however, for C. capitata, hairy roots, stems composed of two vascular bundles and less trichomes were observed. Compared with low altitude condition, high-altitude condition may induce darker green color and formation of yellow spots and osmiophilic granules of leaves for C. capitata. CONCLUSION: It provides a scientific approach to differentiate these two closely related medicinal plants.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712956

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To investigate the expression of microRNA-200c (miR-200c) in colorectal carcinomas (CRC),and analyze its role on tumor cell migration and invasion.[Methods] The expression levels of miR-200c in CRC tissues and adjacent normal mucosa were assessed by real-time quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR).miR-200c mimics were transiently transfected into human colorectal cancer cells,and their roles on cell migration and invasion were analyzed by Transwell assay.Cell proliferation was measured using the Cell Counting kit-8.The expression levels of epithelial and mesenchymal markers as well as related transcription factor ZEB1 were detected by Western blotting.[Results] Lower miR-200c expression was found in primary CRC tissues with lymph node metastasis compared to those without lymph node metastasis and adjacent normal mucosa.Transfection of miR-200c mimics suppressed proliferation,and reduced invasion and migration in SW620 cells.Furthermore,up-regulation of miR-200c inhibited ZEB1,and resulted in increased E-cadherin and reduced Vimentin gene expression.[Conclusion] miR-200c was associated with invasive and metastatic behavior of CRC.These effects may be mediated through regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807709

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the predictive value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) in 30-day mortality of patients with acute paraquat poisoning.@*Methods@#We respectively reviewed the clinical parameters of 115 patients with acute paraquat poisoning. They were divided into survival (n=64) and non-survival (n=51) groups based on their 30-day outcome. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify risk factors of 30-day mortality. Receiver operating curve (ROC) test was applied to analysis to the predictive value of NLR in 30-day mortality ofacute paraquat poisoning patients. The correlations between NLR and severity index of paraquat poisoning (SIPP) were analyzed using Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient.@*Results@#Of the 115patients included in the study, 54 (46.96%) patients were males and 61 (53.04%) were females with a mean age of 38.96±13.58 years. The total mortality in 30-day was 44.35% (51/115) . The NLR at admission was an independently risk factor of 30-day mortality of patients with acute paraquat poisoning (OR 1.477, 95%CI 1.035-2.107, P<0.05) . The NLR to predict the death of the area under the ROC curve was 0.894 (95%CI: 0.8212-0.9663, P<0.01) ; the optimal cutoff threshold was 11.71; the sensitivity was 71.79% and the specificity was 94.29%; the positive predictive value was 93.33%and negative predictive value of 75.00%. Meanwhile, the positive likelihood ratio was 12.57 and the negative likelihood ratio was 0.30. The NLR was significantly associated with SIPP (Spearman rho 0.525; P<0.01) and it was significantly higher in patients with SIPP of ten or higher than in those with an SIPP less than 10 (15.02±12.40 vs. 6.19±2.54, P<0.05) .@*Conclusion@#The increased NLR at admission was an independently risk factor of 30-day mortality of patients with acute paraquat poisoning and it was significantly correlated with SIPP score. Therefore, NLR was useful for predicting prognosis of patients with acute paraquat poisoning.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 777-782, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703714

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effect and safety of regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) in continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) for acute kidney injury (AKI) after hepatectomy.Methods A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of all patients with AKI after hepatectomy for CRRT admitted to surgical intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 19th, 2013 to January 19th, 2018 was performed. According to the different anticoagulants, the patients were divided into no anticoagulant group (NA group), low molecular heparin anticoagulation (LMHA) group and RCA group. The general data of patients during the perioperative period; renal function, the internal environment, electrolyte and blood coagulation function before and after CRRT; the filter time, the number of filters and adverse events (bleeding, frequent filter blood coagulation, metabolic alkalosis, metabolic acidosis, hypocalcemia, citrate accumulation, etc.) during CRRT were collected. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze the life span of the first filter during different anticoagulation. Results A total of 67 cases were included in this study, including 11 in the NA group, 25 in the LMHA group and 31 in the RCA group. There was no significant difference in gender, age, underlying disease, etiology (tumor), Child-Pugh stage (A or B), CT angiography (CTA), basic renal function [serum creatinine (SCr), cystatin C (Cys C)], the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) stage; surgical approach; intraoperative bleeding volume, blood transfusion, blood pressure, time of duration of low blood pressure; and postoperative circulatory failure, hepatic insufficiency and sepsis among three groups. However, the length of ICU stay in RCA group was significantly less than the LMHA group and NA group (days: 8.16±2.24 vs. 10.48±5.11, 13.29±6.64, bothP< 0.05). Compared with before CRRT, the levels of SCr, Cys C and Lac were significantly decreased in RCA group and LMHA group after CRRT [SCr (μmol/L): 89.02±21.90 vs. 248.30±55.32, 105.10±49.00 vs. 270.10±156.00; Cys C (mg/L): 2.18±0.95 vs. 2.94±1.26, 2.26±0.76 vs. 3.07± 0.90; Lac (mmol/L): 2.21±1.46 vs. 3.62±1.73, 2.37±1.24 vs. 4.03±1.69, allP < 0.05]; in addition, LMHA group and NA group had significant effects on hemoglobin (Hb), platelet count (PLT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) after CRRT [Hb (g/L): 85.4±5.1 vs. 99.6±23.6, 80.0±7.6 vs. 101.4±7.8; PLT (×109/L): 27.60±8.22 vs. 62.04±16.49, 21.36±3.91 vs. 61.45±17.69; APTT (s): 63.07±10.25 vs. 41.52±3.65, 49.56±5.77 vs. 41.09± 3.45, allP < 0.05]; at the same time, Cys C level and prothrombin time (PT) in the NA group after CRRT treatment were significantly increased compared with the others [Cys C (mg/L): 3.59±0.64 vs. 2.29±0.51, PT (s): 26.41±2.43 vs. 23.64±1.92 , bothP < 0.05]. Finally, the time of filters (hours: 60.52±8.82, 31.04±7.03, 13.73±6.26,F = 183.412, P < 0.001) and the number of filter during treatment (number: 2.03±0.60, 3.12±0.73, 4.64±1.29,F = 45.933,P <0.001) in the RCA group, LMHA group and NA group had statistically significant difference. Meanwhile, the incidence of adverse events such as bleeding (0 vs. 4, 7,χ2 = 23.961,P < 0.001) and frequent filter coagulation (1 vs. 10, 11,χ2 =35.413,P < 0.001) in RCA group was significantly lower than that in LMHA group and NA group. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the life time of the first filter in RCA group was significantly longer than that in LMHA group and NA group (χ2 = 139.45,P < 0.05).Conclusion The application of RCA in patients with AKI after hepatectomy during CRRT is safe and effective, which can significantly prolong the life of the filter and reduce the risk of bleeding.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701094

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the clinical characteristics of microRNA(miR)-196b in colorectal cancer(CRC)and to study its biological function in 5-fluorouracil(5-FU)resistance.METHODS:miRNA sequence dataset and the corresponding clinical data of CRC patients were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas(TCGA).Expression level and clinical characteristics of miR-196b in CRC patients were analyzed using SPSS 17.0.CRC cell line overexpres-sing miR-196b was established using transient transfection method.MTS test was used to evaluate the effect of miR-196b overexpression on 5-FU resistance.RESULTS:miR-196b expression was associated with lymph node metastasis and TNM stage(P<0.05),but not related with age and sex.Lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis were independent prog-nostic factors for rectal patients(P<0.05).The expression level of miR-196b was not associated with survival condition of rectal patients.The viability of the cells overexpressing miR-196b treated with different concentrations of 5-FU was signifi-cantly higher than that in control group(P<0.05).CONCLUSION:miR-196b may be a potential biomarker of TNM stage and lymph node metastasis in CRC.miR-196b increases the 5-FU resistance of CRC cells.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696186

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the limit of detection of eight enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) according to hospital grade assessment and ISO15189:2012.Methods According to the new health industry standard WS/T 514-2017:"Establishment and verification of detection capability for clinical laboratory measurement procedures",the limit of detection (LoD) was established,in the sameset of detection system,using two reagent lot,each lot for 5 consecutive days 4 consecutive days to assess the value of the concentration of five specimens were detected repeatedly,calculated the corresponding hit rate,then transform into probability units,and the corresponding concentration value production regression model,the hit rate of 95 % corresponds to the probability unit 1.645 substituted into the equation,the resulting concentration value was LoD estimates.The detection limit values were tested for 3 consecutive days of detection of two LoD concentrations near the declared concentration of the sample (diluted by the standard material) was detected 4 times repeatedly to calculate the positive result was greater than or equal to the percentage of LoD statement,greater than or equal to the critical value of 87%,then verified success.Results HBsAg:0.100 IU/ml,HBsAb:9.642 mIU/ml,HBeAg:0.666 NCU/ml,HBeAb:3.700 NCU/ml,HBcAb:0.786 IU /ml,HCV:0.506 NCU/ml,TP:2.236 mIU/ml and HIV:0.135 NCU/ml.The detection limit estimates were passed.Conclusion The verification limit of the verification project in the testing method and detection system of the laboratory meet the requirements Objective.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690412

ABSTRACT

Selenium polysaccharides (Se polysaccharides) are a kind of organic selenium compounds which obtain the activities from Se and polysaccharides. Comparing to Se or polysaccharides, Se polysaccharides exhibit improved biological activities and are more prone to be absorbed by human bodies, therefore, they have been widely used in medical applications, such as immunomodulation, anti-tumor, anti-oxidation, anti-aging. Due to their unique pharmacological activities, Se polysaccharides from medicinal plants have gradually become a research hotspot. However, only a few of Se polysaccharides have been separated and purified in recent years. The structure of polysaccharides is also very complex, therefore, determination of the chemical structure and mechanism of bioactivity of Se polysaccharide in vivo remain to be further studied. This article systematically introduced the main source and biological activities of Se polysaccharides from medicinal plants. The purpose of this review is to provide a basis for the further research of Se polysaccharides.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 798-804, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266905

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>A relationship between hyperthyroidism and insulin secretion in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been reported. Therefore, this study explored the use of first-phase insulin secretion in the differential diagnosis of thyroid diabetes (TDM) and T2DM.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In total, 101 patients with hyperthyroidism were divided into hyperthyroidism with normal glucose tolerance (TNGT), hyperthyroidism with impaired glucose regulation (TIGR), and diabetes (TDM) groups. Furthermore, 96 patients without hyperthyroidism were recruited as control groups (normal glucose tolerance [NGT], impaired glucose regulation [IGR], and T2DM). The following parameters were evaluated: homeostasis model assessment (HOMA)-IR, HOMA-β, modified β-cell function index (MBCI), peak insulin/fasting insulin (IP/I0), AUCins-OGTT, and AUCins-OGTT/AUCglu-OGTTfrom the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) insulin release test were utilized to assess the second-phase insulin secretion, while the IP/I0, AIR0'~10', and AUCins-IVGTTfrom the intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) insulin release test were used to assess the first-phase insulin secretion.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the OGTT, the HOMA-β values of the TNGT and TDM groups were higher than those of the NGT and T2DM groups (all P< 0.05). In the hyperthyroidism groups, the MBCI of the TDM group was lower than that of the TNGT and TIGR groups (all P< 0.05). Among the control groups, the MBCI values of the IGR and T2DM groups were lower than that of the normal glucose tolerance (NGT) group (all P< 0.05). In the IVGTT, insulin secretion peaked for all groups at 2-4 min, except for the T2DM group, which showed a low plateau and no secretion peak. The IP values of the TNGT, TIGR, and TDM groups were higher than those of the NGT, IGR, and T2DM groups (all P< 0.05). The Ip/I0, AIR0'~10', and AUCins-IVGTTvalues of the TDM group were higher than those of the T2DM group but were lower than those of the TNGT, TIGR, NGR, and IGR groups (all P< 0.05). Compared with the other five groups, the Ip/I0, AIR0'~10', and AUCins-IVGTTvalues of the T2DM group were significantly decreased (all P< 0.05). The Ip/I0and AUCins-IVGTTvalues of the TNGT group were higher than those of the NGT group (all P< 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>β-cell function in TDM patients is superior to that in T2DM patients. First-phase insulin secretion could be used as an early diagnostic marker to differentiate TDM and T2DM.</p>

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693329

ABSTRACT

Objective To design and synthesize novel G protein-coupled lysophosphatidic acid 2(LPA2)receptor agonists with anti-radiation activity. Methods Nine new LPA2 receptor agonists(Ⅰ2-Ⅰ5 andⅡ1-Ⅱ5)were designed and synthesized using DBIBB as the lead compound. The anti-radiation activity was assayed by the MTS method using the human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVEC)irradiated with 8.0 Gy 60Coγray. Results and Conclusion Nine target compounds notreported in the literature were synthesized and their structures were confirmed by 1H NMR and MS. The results showed thatⅠ4 andⅡ1 have obvious anti-radiation ac-tivity,indicating that this kind of compounds is worth further studying.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510962

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of gestational weight gain (GWG) on the incidence of macrosomia, and to establish the reference ranges of GWG based on the incidence of macrosomia. Methods A multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted. Totally, 112485 women were recruited from 39 hospitals in 14 provinces in China. Totally, 61149 cases were eligible with singleton pregnancies and non-premature deliveries. The associations of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), GWG, newborn gender and gestational diabetes with macrosomia were analyzed with logistic regression. The normal GWG ranges were calculated in all maternal BMI subgroups, based on the normal incidence of macrosomia was set as the range of 5.0% to 10.0%. Results In this study, the incidence of macrosomia was 7.46%(4563/611149). The macrosociam was positive related with maternal height, delivery week,pre-pregnancy BMI, GWG, gestational diabetes, primipara, and male babies significantly (P<0.05), based on unadjusted and adjusted logestic regression. The normal range of GWG 20.0-25.0, 10.0-20.0, 0-10.0 and 0-5.0 kg in subgroups of underweight (pre-pregnancy BMI<18.5 kg/m2), normal (18.5-24.9 kg/m2), overweight (25.0-29.9 kg/m2) and obese (≥30.0 kg/m2), respectively. Conclusion The reference range of GWG in China based on the incidence of macrosomia is established.

16.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 135-139, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-499413

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this study is to explore the expression of 12 tumor Markerss in the serum of colon cancer patients by C 12 tumor marker protein chip ,screening most valuable Markers for diagnosis . Methods C12 tumor Marker of protein chips were used for 12 sorts of tumor marker detection among 60 CRC patients and 40 healthy controls ,address the most valuable tumor marker relative to colon cancer and contribution of combinations effect on diagnosis .Result CEA+CA199+CA242+Bete-HCG combination diagnosis has the highest effectivity and diagnosis sensitivity was greatly improved by combination detection .The optimized diagno-sis showed no significant tendency to be correlated with age ,sex,differentiation stage,pathology,Lymph node me-tastasis,clinical stage.Conclusion It is of importance to use sera CEA +CA199+CA242+Bete-HCG detec-tion as markers for colon cancer diagnosis ,which may improve diagnosis efficiency .

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446425

ABSTRACT

To determine the content of dendrobine in Dendrobium nobile from different harvest times and plant parts, to research the inherent rule about it. GC with internal standard was used to determine. The content of dendrobine had significant differences in different periods and parts. The dendrobine content is higher in four-year root than in three-year root. The dendrobine content in the upper segment of stem is the highest, secondly is in the middle seg-ment, and in the low segment is the lowest. This offered evidence to determine the most appropriate harvest time and fair use of different parts for D.nobil.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446091

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of hydrocortisone sodium succinate for treatment of septic shock patients and their prognoses. Methods A prospective case control study was conducted. 49 patients with septic shock in the Department of Emergency of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University were enrolled from January 2010 to January 2012,and the patients were sequentially divided into two groups,the treatment group(24 cases)and the control group(25 cases),by the difference in odd or even number. All patients in the two groups accepted the conventional treatment. The treatment group additionally received hydrocortisone sodium succinate injection 200 mg,once a day for 5 days. The levels of serum procalcitonin(PCT),C-reactive protein(CRP)were measured in all the patients before treatment and 24 hours,72 hours and 7 days after treatment. The mortalities were compared in 14 days between the two groups. Results The levels of PCT,CRP before and 24 hours after treatment were not statistically significant different from those of pre-treatment in two groups(all P>0.05). PCT and CRP were decreased at 72 hours and 7 days after treatment in the two groups,and on the 7th day the decline was more significant, and compared with the control group,the levels of PCT and CRP in treatment group were reduced more markedly at 72 hours and on the 7th day〔PCT(μg/L):72 hours 9.73±2.10 vs. 12.36±2.56,7 days 5.33±2.05 vs. 8.76±1.78;CRP(μg/L):72 hours 69.12±13.61 vs. 109.68±16.16,7 days 20.16±9.64 vs. 42.32±13.16,all P0.05). Conclusion The treatment with hydrocortisone sodium succinate can reduce the inflammation of patients with septic shock,thus it has clinical value in the improvement of the disease situation.

19.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 821-826, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473871

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the protective effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell(BMSC)on lung injury induced by vibrio vulnificus sepsis and its mechanism. Methods BMSCs were isolated by whole bone marrow adherent culture from mouse. Male ICR mice were randomly divided into normal saline control group(NS group),normal saline+BMSC control group(NSB group),vibrio vulnificus sepsis group(VV group),vibrio vulnificus sepsis + BMSC group(VVB group)according to random number table,with 40 mice in each group. Sepsis mouse model was reproduced by injecting vibrio vulnificus(1×107 cfu/mL)5 mL/kg through the left side peritoneal cavity, and caudal intravenous injection of BMSC(4×105 cfu/mL)5 mL/kg for intervention after model reproduction. Ten mice in each group were sacrificed at 6,12,24 or 48 hours after injecting vibiro vulnificus,and their lung tissues were harvested. The lung wet/dry(W/D)ratio was calculated. The expression of nuclear factor-κBp65(NF-κBp65)in nucleus was measured by Western Blot. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)and interleukins(IL-1β, IL-6)in lung tissue were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The pathological changes in lung tissue were observed after hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining and uranyl acetate-lead citrate staining. Results After vibrio vulnificus injection,lung W/D ratio,the expression of NF-κBp65 in nucleus,and the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β,IL-6 in the lung tissues were significantly increased in VV group compared with those in NS group at all the time points,and peaked at 12 hours. Compared with the VV group,the VVB group had significantly decreased levels of lung W/D ratio,NF-κBp65 expression,and the levels of TNF-α,IL-1β,IL-6,with significant differences at all the time points〔VV group vs. NS group at 12 hours:lung W/D ratio 7.22±0.03 vs. 5.21±0.02,NF-κBp65 expression (glay scale)1.86±0.74 vs. 0.75±0.07,TNF-α(ng/L)433.24±3.23 vs. 106.57±1.21,IL-1β(ng/L)35.64±0.15 vs. 10.64±0.48,IL-6(ng/L)58.84±0.55 vs. 17.69±1.35,all P<0.05;VVB group vs. VV group at 12 hours:lung W/D ratio 6.49±0.06 vs. 7.22±0.03,NF-κBp65 expression(A value)1.16±0.08 vs. 1.86±0.74,TNF-α(ng/L)357.22±3.25 vs. 433.24±3.23,IL-1β(ng/L)27.77±0.59 vs. 35.64±0.15,IL-6(ng/L)38.68±1.29 vs. 58.84±0.55,all P<0.05〕. There were no significant differences in above indexes between NS group and NSB group. In the NS and NSB groups pathological changes were not obvious under light microscopy,in the VV group lung tissue hyperemia and edema was significant,the edema fluid,red blood cells and inflammatory cells also could be seen, and in the VVB group lung damage that mentioned above could be alleviated. In the NS and NSB groups epithelial cell structure of type Ⅰ and type Ⅱ was completed,and the changes were not obvious under the transmission electron microscopy. In the VV group the alveolar walls were damaged significantly,with type Ⅰ epithelial cell cytoplasm swelling,bubbling and rupture,with type Ⅱ epithelial cells visible cytoplasm decrease,cavitation,addiction to osmium lamellar corpuscle emptying,lysosome hyperplasia,microvilli reduction,and in the VVB group the above damage was alleviated. Conclusion Vibrio vulnificus sepsis can cause acute lung damage and edema,and BMSC can down regulate inflammatory cytokines,reduce lung injury caused by vibrio vulnificus sepsis.

20.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1885-1888, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460032

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the volatile compounds extracted from Rhodiola renulata respectively by HS-SPME and SD. Methods:The volatile constituents from Rhodiola crenulata were extracted respectively by HS-SPME and SD, and then the contents and the names were confirmed by GC-MS. Results:Totally 39 compounds were identified from Rhodiola crenulata by HS-SPME while 16 ones were identified by SD. Among them, 4 common compounds were detected. Conclusion: There are some differences between the two methods. Compared with SD, HS-SPME is obviously better because more volatile constituents can be extracted from the herb, furthermore, HS-SPME has notable advantages of higher retrieval matching and sensitivity.

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