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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920659

ABSTRACT

@#Water content determination is an important aspect of quality research in the whole process of pharmaceutical development, production, storage and use.Therefore, it is significant to develop an accurate and robust method for the determination of water content in the quality control of pharmaceuticals.In this article, the selection and strategy for the study of water determination methods are explained on the basis of general water determination principles and application examples in Chinese and foreign pharmacopoeias, together with the analysis of sample structure, solubility and water content.This article aims to provide basis for the development of moisture testing methods and formulation of proper quality standards for pharmaceuticals.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921989

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influence of long non-coding (lnc) RNA Gm15645 on the podocyte injury in mice with diabetic nephropathy.@*METHODS@#Male db/db mice (with Type 2 diabetes) with a genetic background of C57BLKs/J and db/m mice (healthy) born in littermates were randomly divided into three groups. db/db group was injected with lncRNAGm15645 shRNA lentivirus with a podocyte-specific marker NPHS2; db/db blank group was injected with saline, and db/db control group was injected withnon-sense lentivirus. The results of PAS staining, pathological changes of renal tissue, relative expression of GSK-3beta, and podocin expression were compared.@*RESULTS@#lncRNAGm15 645 was overexpressed and podocin was down-regulated in the lentivirus overexpressed group. Mesangial cell proliferation, mesangial matrix hyperplasia, thickened basement membrane, widely fused foot process, and podocyte injury were observed by PAS staining. The expression of Gm15645 in the db/db group was significantly lower than that of the db/db blank group and db/db control group (P< 0.05), while the expression of podocin was higher (P< 0.05). Gm15645 was co-stained with podocin in renal tissue, and the target gene was GSK-3beta.@*CONCLUSION@#lncRNAGm15645 may provide an early biomarker for the occurrence of podocyte injury in diabetic nephropathy. The mechanism may be related to the feedback regulation of GSK-3beta gene.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diabetic Nephropathies/genetics , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Male , Mice , Podocytes , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 763-769, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910657

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and effectiveness of the Renaissance spine surgery robot in the middle and upper thoracic spine fractures.Methods:62 patients with middle and upper thoracic vertebra fractures from March 2015 to March 2019 were prospectively analyzed. These patients were randomly divided into robot group (Renaissance robot-assisted nailing) and free hand group (unarmed nailing under perspective). There were 32 patients in robot group, including 25 males and 7 females with an average age of 43.1±8.91 years (range, 18-65 years). Body mass index (BMI) was 26.15±3.97 kg/m 2 (range, 16.3-41.7 kg/m 2). The preoperative Cobb angle was 20.9 °±2.83° (range, 10.7 °-33.9°). In the free hand group, there were 30 cases, including 24 males and 6 females; Age 44.2±9.10 years (range, 20-67 years), BMI 25.97±4.02 kg/m 2 (range, 17.1-43.2 kg/m 2); The preoperative Cobb angle was 21.3°±3.01° (range, 11.6°-35.1°). The 2 groups were compared in terms of accuracy of screw placement, one-time success rate of screw placement, completion time of screw placement, time of total operation and penetration rate of anterior vertebral margin. The robot group also compared the consistency of screw placement angle with preoperative planning. Results:All patients completed the operation successfully. The number of fractured vertebrae in the robot group was 37; the screw placement time was 16.11±5.82 min; the total number of screws was 230, of which 227 were successfully placed at one time, with a success rate of 98.70% (227/230); 1 screw was inserted through the anterior edge of the vertebral body, and the penetration rate was 0.43% (1/230). The number of fractured vertebrae in the free hand group was 35; the nail placement time was 21.09±7.31 min; the total number of screws was 216, of which 195 were successfully placed at one time, with a success rate of 90.28% (195/216); 12 screws was inserted through the anterior edge of the vertebral body, and the penetration rate was 5.56% (12/216). There were significant differences in the time, success rate and penetration rate between the two groups. There was no significant difference in the total operation time between the robot group and the unarmed nail group 137.23±12.68 min and 140.23±13.13 min, respectively. There was no significant difference in the angle of screw placement between pre-operative planning image and post-operative CT scan in the robot group.Conclusion:Renaissance spinal surgery robot in the treatment of middle and upper thoracic vertebra fractures has the advantages of high accuracy, low intraoperative risk, high safety and satisfactory effect of pedicle screw placement.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910378

ABSTRACT

Objective:To monitor and analyze the activity concentrations of 7Be and 210Pb in atmospheric aerosol in Beijing from 2017 to 2020. Methods:Totally 1 074 atmospheric aerosol samples were collected by high flow air sampler (SnowWhite) including 275 in spring, 266 in summer, 262 in autumn and 271 in winter and subjected to analysis by low background high-purity germanium gamma-ray spectrometery (ORTEC) to determine the activity concentrations of 7Be and 210Pb. Results:The activity concentrations of 7Be in atmospheric aerosol were from 0.56 to 14.84 mBq/m 3, with an avearage of 6.84 mBq/m 3, and from 0.01 to 9.37 mBq/m 3 for 210Pb, with an avearage 3.19 mBq/m 3. The differences in activity concentrations of 7Be and 210Pb in atmospheric aerosol among differernt seasons were statistically significant ( F=32.66, 93.93, P<0.05). Activity concentration of 7Be was highest in spring, followed by autumn, and lowest in summer and winter. Activity concentration of 210Pb ranged from winter, autumn, spring to summer in descending order. Conclusions:The activity concentrations of 7Be and 210Pb in atmospheric aerosol in Beijing from 2017 to 2020 fluctated within the range of normal level.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909565

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To observe the protective effect of sesamin (Ses) and vitamin E (Vit E) against aortic endothelial dysfunction in rats induced by D-galactose (D-gal) and aluminum trichloride (AlCl3), and explore its conceivable mechanisms. METHODS A model of aortic endothelial dysfunction rats was established by D-gal (180 mg · kg-1, ip) combined with AlCl3 (15 mg · kg-1, ig) for 84 d. Model rats were randomly divided into model, model+Vit E 10 mg·kg-1, model+Ses 160 mg·kg-1, and model+Ses 160 mg · kg-1+Vit E 10 mg · kg-1 groups. After 70 d of treatment with Ses and Vit E, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and mean blood pressure (MBP) were measured by tail cuff. The rats were anesthetized by sodium pentobarbital (30 mg·kg-1, ip). Thoracic aortas from the rats were removed and divided into two parts (3 mm in length). The relaxation of the aortic ring induced by acetylcholine (ACh) and sodium nitroprusside was measured. The primary pathologic changes in the aorta were observed by HE staining. Total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and nitric oxide (NO) in serum were measured by colorimetric analysis. The expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) positive cells in the aorta were measured by immunohistochemistry. The expres?sions of eNOS and NAD(P)H oxidase 4 (NOX4) protein in the aortal were detected by Western blotting. RESULTS Compared with the model group, the relaxation response with increase in ACh concentra?tion (1×10-7-1×10-4 mol·L-1) was enhanced (P<0.01) in model+Ses+Vit E, SBP, DBP and MBP decreased (P<0.01), the serum T-AOC and NO level were increased (P<0.01), the serum H2O2 levels were reduced (P<0.01), the eNOS expression was increased (P<0.01) and NOX4 expression was reduced (P<0.01) in each treatment group. Compared with model+Ses, the SBP, DBP and MBP were lower (P<0.01 or P<0.05), the serum H2O2 level was lower (P<0.01), the serum NO level was increased (P<0.05), the eNOS expression level was higher (P<0.01) and the NOX4 expression level was reduced (P<0.05) in model+Ses+Vit E. Compared with the model+Vit E, the serum T-AOC and NO levels were increased (P<0.05), the serum H2O2 level was lower (P<0.01), eNOS expression was increased (P<0.01) and NOX4 expression was reduced (P<0.05) in model+Ses+Vit E group. CONCLUSION Ses and Vit E can ameliorate aortic endothelial dysfunction of rats induced by D-gal and AlCl3 via the regulation of eNOS and NOX4.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909348

ABSTRACT

Whole-room calorimeter is one of the gold standards for measuring energy expenditure, which is of great significance in studies on energy metabolism. It can be used to evaluate energy metabolism of different diets, physical activities and lifestyle in healthy or disease states as well as be applied into intervention plan development and efficacy evaluation of nutrition treatment in metabolic diseases, especially in obesity and anti-obesity treatment. It can also play a role in exploring the mechanism of metabolic disease when combined with metabolism related genes and molecular pathways. Here we aim to review the researches on whole-room calorimeter in energy expenditure measurement and obesity.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908794

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical and pathological features and gene mutations of pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma (PACC).Methods:Clinical data of 34 patients with PACC admitted to the Department of Pancreatic Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University from December 2009 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed to summarize its clinical characteristics, and the expressions of α1-ACT, CaM5.2, Syn and CgA in pancreatic tumor tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry. Next-generation gene sequencing technology was used to detect gene mutations in tumor specimens.Results:Among the 34 PACC patients, 23(68%) were males and 11(32%) were females; the age ranged from 25 to 75 years, with an average age of 54 years. The first symptom was abdominal pain or distension in 21 cases (62%), skin or scleral yellow staining in 4 cases(12%), and 9 cases(26%) were found in routine physical examination. BMI was 17.6-34.0 kg/m 2, of which 3 cases (9%) were <18.5 kg/m 2, 23 cases (68%) were 18.5-24.0 kg/m 2, and 8 cases (23%) were >24.0 kg/m 2. Preoperative examination showed elevated CA19-9 in 7 cases (20.6%), elevated CEA in 3 cases (8.8%), and elevated AFP in 7 cases (20.6%). Blood amylase was 16-247 U/L, with an average of 80 U/L. Enhanced CT showed that the lesion was irregular in shape, showing inhomogeneity and slightly low density, with areas of cystic degeneration and necrosis. The tumor was located in the head of the pancreas in 14 cases (41%), the body and tail of the pancreas in 19 cases (56%), and the neck of the pancreas in 1 case (3%). The largest tumor diameter was 1.5-15.5 cm, with an average of 5.4 cm. Postoperative pathologic stage I was confirmed in 4 cases (12%), stage Ⅱ in 14 cases (41%), stage Ⅲ in 14 cases (41%) and stage Ⅳ in 2 cases (6%). Immunohistochemical results showed that both α1-ACT and CaM5.2 were positively expressed (100%). Syn was positive in 8 cases (23.5%) and CgA was positive in 6 cases (17.6%). Ki-67 index was from 9% to 70%, with an average of 41%. Gene sequencing of pancreatic tumor tissue from 6 patients showed BRCA2 mutation in 2 patients (7155C>G), K-ras mutation in 1 patient (35G>T), RET mutation in 1 patient (200G>A), and LKB1 mutation (234G>T) in 1 patient, and one double mutation of K-ras and RET (35G>A, 1 798C>T). 30 patients were followed up, and the median survival was 38.3 months. Conclusions:PACC was a rare pancreatic tumor with no specific clinical manifestations. The positive expression rates of α1-ACT and CAM5.2 in tumor tissues were 100%. BRCA2, K-ras, RET and LKB1 were common gene mutations.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908401

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics, endoscopic manifestations, complications and related risk factors of button battery ingestion in 58 children, thus providing the basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:The medical data of 58 children with button battery ingestion were collected and researched at Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from September 2015 to September 2020.The demographic information, battery impaction location, duration, symptoms, mucosal injury level, battery size, treatment, complications and follow-up results were analyzed.Results:The average age of the patients with button battery ingestion was (25.7±15.4)months, including 40 boys(68.9%). The average retention time of the battery in digestive tract was 13.8(2, 96) h. Vomiting, salivation, dysphagia, cough and fever were the common chief complaints.There were 29(50.0%) cases of grade I mucosal injury, as well as 14(24.1%) cases, 10(17.2%) cases and 10(17.2%) cases for grade Ⅱ, grade Ⅲ and grade Ⅳ, respectively.Additionally, common complications included esophageal stenosis, esophageal perforation and esophageal-tracheal fistula.Logistic regression analysis showed that location(esophagus) and diameter(≥15 mm) of battery incarceration were important predictors of complications.Conclusion:The degree of mucosal damage is associated with the diameter and impaction location of battery.The button battery embedded in the esophagus is prone to complications, while the ones retained in the stomach were not vulnerable to serious complications.Endoscopy and other related examinations should be performed again in 1 to 3 weeks after the button removal to determine the outcome of complications and to intervene in time.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906187

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effective constituents and mechanism of Tingli Dazao Xiefeitang for the treatment of heart failure through network pharmacology and high resolution mass spectrometry technique as well as molecular docking technique. Method:Chemical components and potential targets in Descurainiae Semen Lepidii Semen and Jujubae Fructus were searched by referring to literature and BATMAN-TCM database. The disease targets were searched in GeneCards database with ''heart failure'' as the key word. STRING platform was used to construct protein-protein interaction(PPI) network based on common targets of drugs and disease. The network topology was analyzed by using Cytoscape 3.7.2 software to obtain the core targets eventually. Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) enrichment analysis of the core targets was conducted through DAVID database to draw a network of “herb-compound-target-pathway”. Based on the results of the network pharmacology research above,high resolution mass spectrometry was used to analyze the decoction and confirm the selected active components. AutoDock 4.2.6 software was used for molecular docking verification of key active components and related targets. Result:A total of 85 components were obtained in Descurainiae Semen Lepidii Semen,and 49 components were obtained in Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae. A total of 1 078 drug targets and 1 549 disease targets were identified. After PPI analysis and network topology analysis,23 core targets and 33 active components were obtained,involving 19 signaling pathways (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Mass spectrometry analysis results indicated that 18 components such as isovanillic acid,descuraininA and kaempferol-7-<italic>O-β-D</italic>-glucopyranoside were confirmed in decoction. Molecular docking analysis results indicated that 6 core components (degree value top 6),such as isovanillic acid,descurainin A and kaempferol-7-<italic>O-β-D</italic>-glucopyranoside,had good binding activity with silent information regulatory factor 1(SIRT1),interleukin(IL)1B,protein kinase B<italic>α</italic>(AKT1) and tumor necrosis factor(TNF). The compound recipe for heart failure mainly involved mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK),hypoxia inducible factor-1(HIF-1),Mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) and other signaling pathways. Conclusion:This study preliminarily investigated the effective constituents and mechanism of Tingli Dazao Xiefeitang in the treatment of heart failure. It can provide references for the precise clinical medication and screening of quality control markers,as well as the discovery of active components in the treatment of heart failure.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906127

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential synergistic protective mechanism of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Granati Pericarpium formula compound by using the methods and tools of network pharmacology,and provide a basis for the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) compounds and the discovery of new drugs. Method:Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) was used to obtain the active components of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Granati Pericarpium formula and their corresponding targets. The obtained targets were input to the UniProt database to inquire the gene names corresponding to the targets. By searching the CTD database,Genecards database and OMIM database of disease-related websites,the anti-sunburn targets were obtained. The interaction of the active targets was analyzed with online STRING database to screen the predicted core targets. The gene ontolog(GO) gene function enrichment analysis and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis of the predictive targets were performed by using DAVID database. Cytoscape 3.6.1 software was used to make "drug-component-target" network diagram,"protein-protein interaction" network diagram and "component-target-pathway" network diagram. Online website Draw Venn Diagram was used to show the relationship between disease targets and drug predicted targets. R Studio software was used to draw the functional enrichment analysis diagram of GO gene and KEGG pathway. Molecular docking between the active ingredients and the core targets was performed using GOLD software. Result:The 16 active compounds were collected,such as liquiritin,glycyrrhizin,kaempferol and quercetin. The active components mainly acted on 5 core targets:protein kinase B1(AKT1),interleukin(IL)-6,vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGFA),tumor necrosis factor(TNF) and tumor suppressor gene (TP53) and played a role in anti-sunburn effect primarily through these pathways such as hepatitis B,pathways in cancer,toxoplasmosis,chagas disease(American trypanosomiasis),and TNF signaling pathway. Conclusion:Based on the method of network pharmacology,the present study has preliminarily explored the anti-sunburn targets and pathways of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Granati Pericarpium formula,and further verified the characteristics of multi-component and multi-target treatment of diseases in TCM,so as to provide certain scientific ideas for the modernization research of Chinese herbal compound prescriptions.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the effect of Sishenwan on phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin(PI3K/Akt/mTOR) signaling pathway related genes and proteins in colon tissue and interleukin-1<italic>β</italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>) and interleukin-10(IL-10) expression levels in serum of ulcerative colitis (UC) model rats with spleen kidney Yang deficiency. Method:The 120 SPF Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal group and model group after 7 days of adaptive feeding in SPF laboratory. The model group were given dinitrobenzene sulfonate (DNBS)/ethanol solution enema+hydrocortisone subcutaneously injection+senna leaf gavage to establish UC model of spleen kidney yang deficiency. The rats who successfully established the model were randomly divided into five groups:model group, mesalazine (0.36 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, and Sishenwan high, medium and low dose (3.2,1.6,0.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) groups, the volume of which was 10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>. The model group and the blank group were given distilled water of the same volume. Once a day for 21 days. Observe the general conditions of the rats daily, and record the weight, fecal traits and occult blood of the mice for disease activity index (DAI) scoring.Take the rat colon tissue to observe the gross morphology and colon injury, and score the colon mucosal injury index (CMDI). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe pathological changes. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR)was used to detect the expression level of PI3K, Akt, mTOR mRNA in colon tissue. The levels of IL-1<italic>β</italic> and IL-10 in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Western blot was used to detect the expression level of PI3K, phosphorylation (p)-PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, mTOR, p-mTOR protein in colon tissue. Result:Compared with blank group, the general survival status of the rats in model group was relatively poor, the DAI score and the CMDI index were significantly increased (<italic>P<</italic>0.01). The intestinal mucosa partially disappears, the glands disappear, and a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrate and gather in the mucosal layer and the base layer in the pathological sections of the model group. The expression levels of PI3K, Akt, and mTOR mRNA were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The IL-1<italic>β</italic> content was significantly increased and the IL-10 content was significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The expression levels of p-PI3K,p-Akt and p-mTOR protein were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the DAI scores of Sishenwan high and medium dose groups and mesalazine group decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The CMDI index of mesalazine group and the high, middle and low dose groups of Sishenwan was significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Pathological sections of rats showed that the inflammatory cells in the drug group decreased, and the mucosal layer structure returned to normal to varying degrees. The mesalazine group and the Sishenwan medium-dose group had the best effects, and the mucosal structure was close to the blank control group. The expression levels of PI3K, Akt, mTOR mRNA in the high and medium dose groups of Sishenwan, mesalazine group and Akt mRNA in low dose group of Sishenwan were significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The expression levels of PI3K and mTOR mRNA in low-dose group of Sishenwan decreased, but the difference was not statistically significant. The IL-1<italic>β</italic> content was significantly reduced and the IL-10 content was significantly increased in high, medium dose groups of Sishenwan and mesalazine groups (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The level of IL-1<italic>β</italic> decreased and the level of IL-10 increased in the low-dose group of Sishenwan, but the difference was not statistically significant. The expression levels of p-PI3K, p-Akt and p-mTOR protein in the high, medium, and low dose groups of Sishenwan and mesalazine group decreased to varying degrees, and the differences were statistically significant(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Sishenwan has the effect of improving the general condition and intestinal mucosal damage of ulcerative colitis model rats with spleen and kidney Yang deficiency. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.

12.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 754-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904561

ABSTRACT

High-quality donor organs is of significance for the success of organ transplantation. However, standard donors fail to meet the requirements of kidney transplantation due to the increasing quantity of patients with kidney failure. Marginal donor kidneys have been widely applied in clinical practice, which also poses challenges to the existing preservation methods of donor kidneys. Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is one of the critical factors affecting the early graft function after kidney transplantation. In addition, it exerts harmful effect upon the long-term survival of the graft. Current studies have demonstrated that hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) may reduce the IRI during kidney transplantation, effectively improve the preservation quality and prolong the preservation time of donor kidney. In this article, the research progress on HBOC in kidney transplantation was reviewed, aiming to provide reference for modifying the preservation method of donor kidney, improve the quality of donor kidney and enhance clinical prognosis of the recipients.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888797

ABSTRACT

Buxrugulosides A-E, four lignan glycosides (1-4) and a protocatechuate derivative (5) featuring a rare (N, N-diethyl)methyl amino group at aromatic rings, were obtained from the aerial parts of Buxus rugulosa, which is famous for treating coronary heart disease. Their structures including absolute configurations were elucidated by HRMS, 1D and 2D NMR, and by comparing their CD data with previous reports. Compound 1 was a rare sesquilignan, and all of these compounds were the first example of lignans with (N, N-diethyl)methyl amino group.

14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1304-1308, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877318

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the tolerance, pharmacokinetics, and antiviral activity of coblopasvir hydrochloride capsules in patients with hepatitis C. MethodsA total of 36 patients with hepatitis C who were admitted to The First Hospital of Jilin University from November 2016 to January 2017 were enrolled as subjects, and four dose groups (30 mg, 60 mg, 90 mg, and 120 mg) and one placebo group were established. The subjects were administered once daily for 3 consecutive days; tolerance was evaluated on D2 and D6, and follow-up was performed on D8 and D10. The subjects were enrolled based on single dose escalation, and a multiple-dose study was conducted under the premise of good tolerance to single dose. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was used to measure the plasma concentration of coblopasvir hydrochloride in human body, and WinNonlin 6.4 software was used to calculate main pharmacokinetic parameters. HCV RNA load was used to evaluate antiviral activity at different time points; a one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the LSD t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsAfter coblopasvir hydrochloride capsules were administered orally once a day at a dose of 30-120 mg, the plasma concentration and exposure of coblopasvir hydrochloride increased with the increase in dose. There were no significant differences in plasma concentration and exposure between multiple-dose administration and single-dose administration in a fasting state, without accumulation in human body. After the oral administration of coblopasvir hydrochloride capsules once a day, the subjects with HCV genotype 1b had a reduction in HCV RNA load since baseline, with the lowest level at 120 hours, and there was a significant difference in antiviral activity between different dose groups (F=14.621, P<0.000 1), among which the 60 mg group had a significantly greater reduction than the 30 mg group (P=0.025), while there was no significant difference between the 60 mg group and the 90/120 mg group (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in HCV RNA load between different groups of patients with HCV genotype 2a (P>0.05). Of all 36 subjects, 20 reported 34 cases of treatment-emergent adverse events, among which 19 cases were associated with coblopasvir hydrochloride, and no significant adverse events or serious adverse events were observed. ConclusionOral administration of coblopasvir hydrochloride capsules in a fasting state at a dose of 30-120 mg/d (for 3 consecutive days) has good safety and antiviral activity. Therefore, it has good application prospect in the treatment of HCV infection and provides a basis for dose selection in phrase 2 study.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887504

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupoint thread-embedding on tight junction of intestinal mucosal epithelial barrier in rats with ulcerative colitis (UC) under the state of "deficiency and stasis", and to explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into a control group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, in the model group the body weight was decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#The thread-embedding could repair the tight junction of intestinal mucosa epithelium and reduce the permeability of intestinal mucosa epithelium, which may be related to the decrease of the expression of CaMKⅡ, MLCK and other protein kinases.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/therapy , Epithelium , Intestinal Mucosa , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tight Junctions
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886757

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the population dynamics and Echinococcus infections in small rodents around human settlement in Yushu City, Qinghai Province. Methods Rodents were captured using the mouse trap method in pastures from Batang Township and Longbao Township of Yushu City, Qinghai Province on May, August and October, 2018. The body weight and snout-vent length of all captured rodents were measured, and the species was identified according to the rodent morphology. Genomic DNA was extracted from rodent liver specimens and lesion specimens, and the mitochondrial cox1 gene of Echinococcus was amplified using PCR assay for identification of parasite species. In addition, the tissue specimens positive for PCR assay were sampled for pathological examinations. The prevalence of Echinococcus infections was estimated in rodents, and a phylogenetic tree was created based on Echinococcus cox1 gene sequences. Results A total of 285 small rodents were captured, including 143 Ochotona curzoniae (50.2%), 141 Lasiopodomys fuscus (49.5%), and 1 Neodon irene (0.3%), and there was a remarkable variation in habitat selection among these three rodent species. The number of L. fuscus correlated positively with vegetation coverage (r = 0.350, P = 0.264), with the greatest number seen in August, and the number of O. curzoniae negatively with vegetation coverage (r = −0.371, P = 0.235), with the highest number seen in August and the lowest number in May. The female/male ratios of O. curzoniae and voles were 1:0.96 and 0.82:1, respectively. The body weight (r = 0.519, P < 0.01) and snout-vent length (r = 0.578, P < 0.01) of O. curzoniae showed a tendency towards a rise with month, while the body weight (r = −0.401, P < 0.01) and snout-vent length (r = −0.570, P < 0.01) of voles presented a tendency towards a reduction with month. No Echinococcus infection was detected in voles, while 2.1% prevalence of E. shiquicus infection was seen in O. curzoniae. Phylogenetic analysis revealed consistent sequences of cox1 gene from E. shiquicus in Yushu City of Qinghai Province and Shiqu County, Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan Province. Conclusions The small rodents around the human settlement in Yushu City of Qinghai Province mainly include O. curzoniae and L. fuscus, with the greatest numbers seen in May and August, respectively. Following the concerted efforts for echinococcosis control, the prevalence of Echinococcus infections is low in small rodents around the human settlement in Yushu City; however, there is still a risk of echinococcosis transmission.

17.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 307-310, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886052

ABSTRACT

The application of biological technology and the deepening of tumor research have effectively improved the level of tumor diagnosis, treatment and clinical outcome prediction. However, the specific mechanisms of tumorigenesis and development are still unclear, and tumor drug resistance has also become an urgent problem that needs to be solved to improve the clinical outcome of patients. Considerable studies have shown that the extrachromosomal DNA (ecDNA) can promote tumorigenesis, development and drug resistance. EcDNA is a looser, rounded form of DNA with unique genetic properties that carry specific genes and regulatory elements. This paper will discuss the biological characteristics, tumor-promoting mechanisms and drug resistance-facilitating of ecDNA.

18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 161-164, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885197

ABSTRACT

Atopic dermatitis is a recurrent inflammatory skin disease. Although the existing systemic and topical treatment can relieve symptoms, there are still some limitations and adverse effects. In recent years, with the in-depth study on the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis, especially the discovery of key inflammatory molecules and development of targeted therapeutic drugs, some new therapeutic methods and concepts have been brought to clinical practice. Awareness of new progress in atopic dermatitis-related biologics, small-molecule drugs, adjuvant treatment, monitoring methods and models for managing disease, will help clinicians better treat and manage atopic dermatitis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 127-130, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885187

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical characteristics of drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS) , and to compare the European, Japanese and Chinese diagnostic criteria.Methods:A total of 45 patients confirmedly diagnosed with DIHS according to the DIHS criteria originally proposed by Bocquet, were collected from the First Affiliated Hospital (Southwest Hospital) of Army Medical University between January 2009 and January 2019. Clinical data on the 45 patients were retrospectively analyzed, clinical characteristics were summarized and re-evaluated according to the European, Japanese and Chinese diagnostic criteria separately, and differences were analyzed in terms of the latency period, time to rash regression, eosinophil count, liver function indices, etc. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare means among multiple groups, and t test to compare means between two groups. Results:Of the 45 patients, 38 presented with eruptive drug eruptions, and 44 were accompanied by liver damage, 40 by elevated counts of peripheral white blood cells, 38 by eosinophilia, 21 by lymphadenectasis, and 4 by mucosal damage. Common culprit drugs included allopurinol (10 cases) , anti-tuberculosis drugs (7 cases) , cephalosporins (7 cases) , and Chinese medicine (4 cases) . Forty patients were treated with glucocorticoids, and 17 with glucocorticoids and intravenous gamma globulin. After treatment, 44 patients received improvement and 1 died. According to the European diagnostic criteria, there were 29 patients with suspected DIHS and 16 with confirmed DIHS; according to the Japanese diagnostic criteria, 37 patients could be confirmedly diagnosed with DIHS, but 8 could not be confirmedly diagnosed; according to the Chinese diagnostic criteria, 17 patients could be confirmedly diagnosed, but 28 could not be confirmedly diagnosed. According to the Japanese diagnostic criteria, the latency period was significantly longer in the patients with a confirmed diagnosis (36.91 ± 21.73 d) than in those without (20.00 ± 20.82 d, P = 0.04) . Conclusions:Common culprit drugs for DIHS include allopurinol, anti-tuberculosis drugs and cephalosporins. Most patients with DIHS are accompanied by liver damage, and the European diagnostic criteria are preferentially recommended for DIHS.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885046

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between the mechanism of promoting wound healing by modified autologous blood transfusion and metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 ( MALAT1) in diabetic mice. Methods:Twenty SPF ICR mice, weighing 21-25 g, in which the diabetic model was successfully established, were divided into 2 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table method: modified preservation group (group I) and ordinary preservation group (group O). Peripheral venous blood samples were collected and stored in the corresponding preservation solution for 7 days.The platelet aggregation rate, blood glucose, serum glycosylated hemoglobin (GHB) and phosphodiesterase (DPG) concentrations and WBC were measured.Autologous blood was transfused back immediately after the wound model was established.The percentage of wound healing area was calculated at 7, 10 and 14 days after autologous blood transfusion.The expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, vascular endothelial growth factor, matrix metalloproteinase-9, β-actin, type Ⅰ collagen (Col Ⅰ), Col Ⅲ protein and mRNA and MALAT1 was determined by Western blot, immunohistochemistry and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction respectively, at 14 days after transfusion. Results:Compared with group O, the blood glucose, serum concentrations of GHB and DPG, and WBC were significantly decreased, platelet aggregation rate was increased, the percentage of wound healing area was increased, the positive staining rate of Col Ⅰ and Col Ⅲ was increased, and the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, vascular endothelial growth factor, matrix metalloproteinase-9, ColⅠ, Col Ⅲ and β-actin protein and mRNA and MALAT1 was up-regulated in group I ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which modified autologous blood transfusion promotes wound healing may be related to up-regulating MALAT1 expression in diabetic mice.

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