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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To deeply understand the clinical manifestation, laboratory examination characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of an eight p11 myeloproliferative syndrome (EMS) with rare phenotypes.@*METHODS@#The clinical and laboratory characteristics and the process of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) were summarized in 1 rare EMS case involving T/B/myeloid cells. Meanwhile, 2 similar cases in the previous literature were also discussed.@*RESULTS@#The bone marrow examination indicated that the patient with B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia. The lymph node biopsy showed that the patient was T lymphoblastic/myeloid lymphoma. The 8p11 abnormality was found by the examination of bone marrow chromosomes. The RT-PCR examination showed that the BCR-ABL fused gene was negtive. The FGFR1 breakage was found by using the FISH with FGFR1 probe in lymph node. The Mutation of FMNL3, NBPF1 and RUNX1 genes was found by using the whole exome sequencing. The patient received allo-HSCT under CR2. By the follow-up till to September 2019, the patient survived without the above-mentioned disease.@*CONCLUSION@#EMS manifest as neoplasms involving T-lineage, B-lineage, and myeloid-lineage simultaneously is extremely rare. Although the FGFR1 gene-targeted therapy can be conducted, allo-HSCT should be actively considered.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 , Formins , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Phenotype , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/genetics , Translocation, Genetic
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 553-556, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873782

ABSTRACT

(±)-Bicoryanhunine B (1), a new dimeric benzylisoquinoline alkaloid was isolated from the dried tubers of Corydalis yanhusuo by various chromatographic methods, including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, reverse phase C18, and semi-preparative HPLC. Its structure was determined by spectroscopic methods, including UV, IR, ESI-MS, HR-ESI-MS and 1D/2D NMR. (±)-Bicoryanhunine B (1) was a moderate PD-1/PD-L1 interaction inhibitor with an IC50 value of 7.80 ± 0.49 μmol·L-1. In addition, 1 exhibited potent inhibitory activities against LPS-induced NO production in RAW 264.7 macrophages with an IC50 value of 4.83 ± 2.21 μmol·L-1.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878849

ABSTRACT

Chemical investigation on the constituents of the ethyl acetate soluble extraction of Litsea cubeba has resulted in the isolation and structure elucidation of thirty compounds, including one sesquiterpene(1), four monoterpenes(2-5), two γ-butyrolactone derivatives(6 and 7), seven tyramine derivatives(8-14), fifteen aromatic compounds(15-29), and one pyrone derivative(30) via various chromatographic techniques and spectroscopic data analysis(MS, IR, 1 D and 2 D NMR). Compounds 1-7, 13 and 14 were obtained from the genus Litsea for the first time.


Subject(s)
Acetates , Litsea , Monoterpenes , Sesquiterpenes
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878848

ABSTRACT

The classification of chronic pain is complex and its pathogenesis is not clear, which led to the limited progress of treatment measures.Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has certain advantages in the treatment of chronic pain, and its mechanism needs further exploration. The ideal animal model is helpful to elucidate the key mechanism of the occurrence and development of chronic pain and play an important role in the discovery of new drug targets, the development of new therapies and the research on the analgesic mechanism of TCM.In recent years, many scholars at home and abroad have done a lot of research to explore the pathogenesis of chronic pain and the mechanism of TCM, which have achieved some results. On this basis, this study summarizes the selection of experimental animals for chronic pain and the commonly evaluation methods of animal models. According to the latest international classification of diseases, this review organizes the induced methods, evaluation indicators, advantages and disadvantages of seven kinds of chronic pain animal models, such as chronic primary pain, chronic cancer-related pain and so on. Next, this review introduces the chronic pain animal models commonly used in TCM research, in order to provide guidance for the targeted selection of animal models when carrying out relevant experiments in the future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chronic Pain , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878847

ABSTRACT

Pain is a complex, unpleasant feeling and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, and manifests itself in certain autonomous psychological and behavioral responses. The commonly used opioid and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesics(NSAIDs) may cause adverse reactions to the kidney, liver, cardiovascular or gastrointestinal system and cause problems of drug abuse. Therefore, it is necessary to study new analgesic drugs with less side effects and significant analgesic effects. A variety of natural products derived from terrestrial plants, microorganisms, marine organisms and fungi have been an important source of clinical medicines and provide an inexhaustible resource for the development and innovation of modern medicines. Therefore, this paper mainly reviews the natural non-alkaloids with analgesic activity in order to provide reference for the research and development of analgesic drugs derived from natural products.


Subject(s)
Analgesics/therapeutic use , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Biological Products/therapeutic use , Humans , Pain/drug therapy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878846

ABSTRACT

Pain is a protective defense response of the body to harmful stimuli. Long-term pain not only seriously affects the body of the patient and brings great pain to the patient, but also brings huge economic burden to the patient's family and society. It has become one of the most serious problems affecting human health. At present, opioids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDs) are commonly used as painkillers, but they tend to cause a variety of adverse reactions or risk of addiction. To find and develop new analgesic drugs, which are safer and more effective, has become the hot spot and difficulty in medical research. A variety of alkaloids derived from terrestrial plants, microorganisms, marine organisms and fungi have been an important source of clinical analgesic medicines. Various alkaloids have been proved to have good analgesic effects, such as morphine and the related to opioids, the main analgesic active components from Corydalis Rhizoma and Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata. Here we summarized the research progress of natural alkaloids with analgesic activity, in order to provide reference for the research and development of analgesic drugs based on natural products.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Alkaloids , Analgesics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Rhizome
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2803-2807, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877935

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Allogeneic natural killer (NK) cell immunotherapy is recognized as a promising anti-tumor strategy, but whether it plays a role in poor CD4 recovery among human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infected patients is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of allogeneic NK cells immunotherapy on HIV-1 immunological non-responders (INRs) receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART).@*METHODS@#From February to April 2018, a prospective, randomized, controlled, open-label clinical trial, which enrolled 20 HIV-1 INRs following specific inclusion criteria, was conducted at Nankai University Second People's Hospital. Participants were randomly allocated (simple randomization 1:1) to either the combined treatment (NK + ART) group (n = 10) or the control (ART) group (n = 10). The allogenic highly activated NK cells from killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR)/human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-Cw mismatched healthy donor were prepared (10 cells in each injection) and intravenously infused to each recruited patient of NK+ART group in three courses. Key immune parameters (CD4 count, CD8 count, CD4/CD8 ratio), laboratory tests (count of blood cells, biochemistry panel) and symptoms at baseline and at month 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 were measured/collected to analyze the safety and efficacy of the therapy. Comparisons were between the seven time-points of both groups using repeated measurement analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. Generalized estimating equations (GEE) model was performed to evaluate the overall effect of the NK+ART group vs. the ART group.@*RESULTS@#From baseline to 24 months, we noted a mean CD4 count augmentation (139 to 243 cells/μL) in the NK + ART group and (144 to 176 cells/μL) in the ART group (difference, 67; 95% CI, 10 to 124; P = 0.024). Our estimations revealed that NK+ART group could improve CD4 level (β = 54.59, P = 0.006) and CD8 level (β = 322.47, P = 0.010) on average among the six measurements compared with the ART group. Only two (2/10, 20%) participants in the NK+ART group developed a transient mild fever after the first course.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This preliminary study informs that HIV-1 INRs, allogenic NK cells immunotherapy is safe and could significantly improve CD4 recovery but not CD4/CD8 ratio. The practical effects, however, need long-term follow-up observations. Further study on the potential underlying mechanism is warranted. REGISTRATION INFO:: www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=34912 (No. ChiCTR1900020634).


Subject(s)
CD4 Lymphocyte Count , HIV Infections/therapy , HIV-1 , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Immunotherapy , Killer Cells, Natural , Prospective Studies , Viral Load
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2928-2939, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877928

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Natural killer (NK) cells play a critical role in suppressing human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection, but knowledge on whether and how NK cells affect immune reconstitution in HIV-1-infected individuals who receive antiretroviral therapy (ART) is limited.@*METHODS@#We performed a case-control study with 35 healthy individuals and 66 HIV-1-infected patients including 32 immunological non-responders (INRs) with poor CD4+ T-cell recovery (500 cells/μL after 4 years of ART). NK cell phenotype, receptor repertoire, and early activation in INRs and IRs were investigated by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#A significantly higher proportion of CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells was observed in INRs than IRs before ART and after 4 years of ART. The number of CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells was inversely correlated with CD4+ T-cell counts in INRs before ART (r = -0.344, P = 0.050). The more CD69-expressing NK cells there were, the lower the CD4+ T-cell counts and ΔCD4, and these correlations were observed in INRs after ART (r = -0.416, P = 0.019; r = -0.509, P = 0.003, respectively). Additionally, CD69-expressing CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells were more abundant in INRs than those in IRs (P  = 0.018) after ART, both of which had an inverse association trend towards significance with CD4+ T-cell counts. The expression of the activating receptors NKG2C, NKG2D, and NKp46 on CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cell subsets were higher in IRs than that in INRs after 4 years of ART (all P < 0.01). Strong inverse correlations were observed between CD69 expression and NKG2C, NKG2A-NKG2C+, NKG2D, and NKp46 expression on CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells in INRs after ART (NKG2C: r = -0.491, P = 0.004; NKG2A-NKG2C+: r = -0.434, P = 0.013; NKG2D: r = -0.405, P = 0.021; NKp46: r = -0.457, P = 0.008, respectively).@*CONCLUSIONS@#INRs had a larger number of CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells characterized by higher activation levels than did IRs after ART. The increase in the CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cell subset may play an adverse role in immune reconstitution. Further functional studies of CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells in INRs are urgently needed to inform targeted interventions to optimize immune recovery.


Subject(s)
CD4 Lymphocyte Count , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Case-Control Studies , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV-1 , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828069

ABSTRACT

A new lignan glucoside,(+)-fragransin A_2-4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(1), has been isolated from the dry root of Paeonia lactiflora by column chromatography on silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and MCI-gel resin, as well as preparative RP-HPLC. The structure of the new compound was elucidated by spectroscopic data analysis(MS, UV, IR, CD, 1 D and 2 D NMR) and chemical method. Compound 1 showed moderate inhibition against lipopolysaccharide induced nitric oxide production in RAW264.7 macrophages, with an IC_(50) value of 21.3 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Glucosides , Lignans , Paeonia , Plant Extracts
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771508

ABSTRACT

To explore the mechanism of β-carboline alkaloids inhibiting the migration and invasion of SGC-7901 cells and its correlation with FAK gene expression,CCK-8 method was used to determine the inhibitory rate of β-carboline alkaloids on the proliferation of gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells under different concentrations.The effect of β-carboline alkaloids on the migration and invasion of SGC-7901 cells was used by Transwell compartment.Detection of mRNA and protein expression of FAK genes were used by qRT-PCR and Western blot.Then si-FAK-1051 recombinant plasmid was transfected into SGC-7901 cells.FAK gene silencing effect was identified by qRT-PCR and Western blot technique again.Finally,the effects of FAK gene silencing on proliferation and migration of gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells were detected by CCK-8 kit and Transwell chamber assay respectively.With the increase of the concentration ofβ-carboline alkaloids,the inhibitory rate of SGC-7901 cells in human gastric cancer cells increased gradually,with IC5013.364 mg·L-1.The number of SGC-7901 cells of Transwell compartment in the positive experimental group(5-FU,5 mg·L-1) and the β-carboline alkaloids group decreased significantly(P<0.01) and the number of SGC-7901 cells in the β-carboline alkaloids group was significantly lower than that in the positive experimental group(P<0.01).Compared with the blank control group,the mRNA and protein expression level of FAK genes in the positive experimental group was significantly lower than that in the experimental group of β-carboline alkaloids(P<0.05).After transfection of si-FAK-1051 into gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells,the expression of mRNA and protein of FAK gene was significantly down regulated(P<0.05).SGC-7901 cell proliferation and cell migration ability also decreased significantly(P<0.05).β-carboline alkaloids are more effective than 5-FU in inhibiting migration and invasion of gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells,and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of mRNA and protein expression of FAK gene by β-carboline alkaloids.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Carbolines , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Focal Adhesion Kinase 1 , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Gene Silencing , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Stomach Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 409-419, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690898

ABSTRACT

Eight new C-diterpenoid alkaloid arabinosides, named aconicarmichosides E-L (-), were isolated from an aqueous extract of the lateral roots of (Fu Zi). Their structures were determined by spectroscopic and chemical methods including 2D NMR experiments and acid hydrolysis. Compounds -, together with the previously reported four neoline 14--arabinosides from the same plant, represent the only examples of glycosidic diterpenoid alkaloids so far. At a dose of 1.0 mg/kg (i.p.), as compared with the black control, compounds , , and - exhibited analgesic effects with >65.6% inhibitions against acetic acid-induced writhing of mice. Structure-activity relationship was also discussed.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699553

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the changes in refractive state in high-myopic patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment after vitrectomy combined with cataract surgery.Methods Clinical data of 30 patients of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2016 to March 2017 was retrospectively analyzed,and these patients were randomly dividedly into two groups:high myopia (15 patients of 15 eyes) and non high myopia group (15 patients of 15 eyes),in which patients firstly underwent vitrectomy combined with phacoemulsification and silicone oil tamponade,followed by intraocular lens (IOL) implantation after the removal of silicone oil 3 months later.The two groups were continuously followedup for 6 months after IOL implantation.Before vitrectomy,the axial length,corneal curvature were measured for calculating the predictive spherical equivalent (SE).Then axial length and corneal curvature at 1 month,3,6 months after IOL implantation were measured for calculating the actual SE.The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was recorded before and after operation and the LogMAR was calculated in each groups.The SE,axial length,corneal curvature before vitrectomy and 1 month,3,6 months after IOL implantation were respectively compared in each group.The relationship between the refractive prediction errors and the preoperative axial length in the high myopia group was evaluated.Results The LogMAR visual acuity was improved in both groups,and the difference between before and after treatment was statistically significant (both P <0.05).The SE at 1 month,3,6 months after surgery showed significantly myopic shift in the high myopic eyes,and the myopic shift gradually increased with time,with statistically significant at each time point (all P < 0.05),but there was no significant difference in myopic shift between before and after surgery as well as among each time point after surgery in the non-high myopic eyes (P > 0.05).Axial length and corneal curvature at 1 month,3,6 month after surgery in the high myopia group were significantly increased (all P < 0.05),whereas those in the non high myopia group did not change significantly (all P > 0.05).By simple linear regression analysis,the refractive prediction errors had a negative correlation with the preoperative axial length in the high myopia group (R2 =0.580,P =0.001).Conclusion The LogMAR visual acuity after vitrectomy combined with cataract surgery is improved in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.Postoperative axial length growth and corneal curvature increase are presented in patients with high myopia,and the longer the preoperative axial length is,the more myopic shift the eye shows.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712112

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic diversity of MICA, and to analyze the correlation between genetic polymorphisms of MICA and T1DM in population of Han and Li nationalities in Hainan province.Methods This study was performed as a case-control study.Fifty-five individuals with T1DM and Fifty-five healthy controls of Han and Li nationalities from Wuzhishan, Lingshui, Qiongzhong, Baisha, Ledong,Changjiang, Dongfang and Haikou regions in Hainan province(35 Male,20 Female of T1DM of Han;28 Male,27 Female of healthy controls of Han; 33 Male,22 Female of T1DM of Li; 28 Male, 27 Female of healthy controls of Li), were enrolled for the study.MICA allelic variation was analyzed by sequencing-based typing(PCR-SBT).Fisher′s exact test was performed to determine the statistical significance of the distribution and allele frequency of MICA.Results In healthy population,11 MICA-sequence and 5 MICA-STR alleles were found in Han nationality, while 13 MICA-sequence and 5 MICA-STR alleles were detected in Li nationality.The MICA-sequence allele MICA*008:01 and the MICA-STR allele MICA-A5 were most frequently observed in Han nationality[30.85%(29/94)and 41.49%(39/94), respectively],while MICA*002:01 and A4 were the most common in Li nationality[21.57%(22/102) and 36%(36/100), respectively].Among patients with T1DM, 10 MICA-sequence and 5 MICA-STR alleles were detected in Han, and 9 MICA-sequence and 5 MICA-STR alleles were found in Li.MICA*002:01 and A9 were most frequently observed in Han[29%(29/100),29.29%(29/99),respectively], while MICA*012:01, MICA*002:01 and the A4 were the most common in Li[21.15%(22/104), 21.15%(22/104),38.24%(39/102), respectively].The allelic frequency of MICA*002:01, MICA*010, MICA-A5, MICA-A6 and MICA-A9 between the healthy population and T 1DM patients of Han nationality(5.32%,22.34%,41.49 %,9.58%,6.38%, respectively in healthy population;29%,7%, 26.26%,2.02%,29.29%, respectively in T1DM patients), exist significant difference(χ2value were 18.799,9.233,5.218,5.197,16.762, respectively.P value were 0.000,0.002, 0.025,0.024,0.000, respectively.all P<0.05),while no significant difference(all P>0.05)between the healthy population and T1DM patients of Li nationality.Conclusions The most common MICA alleles were MICA*008:01 and MICA-A5 in healthy population of Han nationality, while MICA*002:01 and MICA-A4 in healthy population of Li nationality.MICA*002:01 and MICA-A9 were high frequency in T1DM patients of Han population,while the MICA*010,MICA-A5 and MICA-A6 were low frequency.There was not any MICA alleles associated with T1DM in Li nationality.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707230

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the results of syphilis serology test results among hospitalized patients ,and to investigate the prevalence of syphilis .Methods T he results of syphilis antibody test of 199498 patients of Haikou People′s Hospital from 2011 to 2016 were retrospectively analyzed . All samples were screened by Treponema pallidum (TP) antibody using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) .Syphilis toluidine red unheated serum reagin test (TRUST ) was used to test nontreponemal antibody .The TP-ELISA positive samples were confirmed by Treponema pallidum particle agglutination test (TPPA) .Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis .Results A total of 7616 cases were positive of anti-TP ,with positive rate of 3 .82% .From 2011 to 2016 ,the annual cases tested were 23188 ,32010 ,35079 ,35734 ,35406 and 38081 ,respectively .The annual positive rates of anti-TP w ere 4 .11% (952/23188 ) ,3 .94% (1261/32010 ) ,4 .55% (1597/35079 ) ,3 .85% (1376/35734 ) , 3 .47% (1229/35406) ,and 3 .15% (1201/38081) ,respectively ,and the difference was statistical significant (χ2 =108 .167 ,P<0 .05) .Anti-TP positive rate in male patients was 4 .85% (4899 cases) , and 2 .76% (2717 cases) in female ,and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 =593 .443 , P<0 .05) .The positive rate of TP antibody in the elderly over 80 years old was 6 .09% ,and 5 .03% in patients older than 60 years old .In all samples ,TRUST was positive in 3413 cases (1 .71% ) .From 2011 to 2016 , the annual positive cases were 179 , 390 , 585 , 768 , 816 and 675 , respectively , with coresponding rates of 0 .77% ,1 .22% ,1 .67% ,2 .15% ,2 .3% and 1 .77% ,respectively .The difference was statistically significant (χ2 = 763 .779 , P< 0 .05) .TRUST was positive in 2022 (2 .01% ) male patients and 1391 (1 .41% ) female patients ,and the positive rates were significantly different (χ2 =102 .887 ,P<0 .05) .From 2011 to 2016 ,the annual TRUST positivities among patients -9 years old and -19 years old were not different (χ2 = 1 .198 and 11 .018 ,both P> 0 .05) ,while those among patients aged -29 ,-39 ,-49 ,-59 ,-69 ,-79 ,and ≥80 years old were statistically different (χ2 =20 .100 ,38 .387 ,89 .360 ,75 .874 ,87 .743 ,71 .035 and 30 .593 ,respectively ,all P<0 .05) .Conclusions From 2011 to 2016 ,the positive rates of syphilis is increased and then decreased .And it is significantly different among different genders and age groups .The positive rate in elderly is significantly higher .

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665694

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate ADP-induced platelet aggregation rate(ADP-Ag),safety and efficacy of different ticagrelor dosage in elderly patients undergoing PCI. Methods 48 elderly patients aged 60 or older were enrolled. After PCI treatment, the patients received antiplatelet therapy with ticagrelor 90 mg(n=26)or 45 mg (n=22)twice daily. ADP-Ag was measured on day 3 to 7 after initial ticagrelor therapy and compared between the two different-dose ticagrelor groups. ADP-Ag ticagrelor treatment was also compared to measurement if patients were previously taking clopidogrel 75 mg daily. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE)and bleeding events were recorded in following 12 months. Results Inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation was greater for ticagrelor 90 mg BID versus 45 mg BID(ADP-Ag(27.88±7.77)% vs.(37.87±2.90)%,P<0.05). During the follow-up period,no gastrointestinal bleedings,cerebral hemorrhage or thrombus events occurred in all patients. In ticagrelor 90 mg BID group,stent-restenosis occurred in 3 patients and they needed to take revascularization therapy. Minimal bleeding events occurred in 4 patients(15.4%)and 1 patient(4.5%) with ticagrelor 90 mg and 45 mg BID treatment,respectively. The ADP-Ag with clopidogrel 75 mg QD treatment previously was(51.18±5.55)%,and declined to(26.87±7.33)% and(38.29±2.65)% after conversion to ticagrelor 90 mg BID and 45 mg BID treatment,respectively. Conclusions Ticagrelor of 90 mg BID or 45 mg BID both inhibited ADP-induced platelet aggregation better than clopidogrel. Ticagrelor 45 mg BID was not inferior to 90 mg BID in preventing MACE and with less minimal bleeding events in elderly patients undergoing PCI.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614336

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the urine trace albumin(mALb)/creatinine(Cr) ratio and blood uric acid(UA),and other various metabolic index level in patients with diabetic nephropathy(DN),combined with clinical data such as patients' age,body mass index(BMI),course of diseases,to explore the related mechanism of occurrence and development of DN.Methods 76 DN patients were selected.The microalbuminuria group(urinary mALb/Cr<300μg/mg) had 46 cases,the clinical albuminuria group(urinary mALb/Cr≥300μg/mg) included 30 cases,another 49 diabetic patients without kidney damage were seleted as control group.The urinary mALb/Cr,blood UA,fasting blood glucose(FBG),triacylglycerol(TG),total cholesterol(TC),high-density lipoprotein(HDL),low density lipoprotein(LDL),glycosylated hemoglobin(HbA1c) levels were determined.The BMI and the length of the course of the disease calculate.Results The patients' age,course of the disease,urinary mALb/Cr,blood UA,FBG,TC,TG,LDL,HbA1c and BMI level in the clinical albuminuria group and microalbuminuria group were significantly higher than those in the control group,the differences were statistically significant (F=6.18,12.48,141.43,12.48,8.49,4.98,6.18,3.89,3.17,3.89,all P<0.05).The high uric acid hematic disease rates of the clinical albuminuria group and microalbuminuria group were 26.09% and 26.09%,which were significantly higher than 10.20% of the control group,the differences were statistically significant(x2=4.074,24.833,all P<0.05).Urinary mALb/Cr was positively correlated with age,duration,BMI,UA,TG,TC,LDL,FBG,HbA1c(r=0.120,0.299,0.148,0.340,0.157,0.149,0.103,0.487,0.103).Multiple linear stepwise regression analysis suggested that duration,blood UA,FBG were independent risk factors of urinary mALb/Cr;TG,BMI,urinary mALb/Cr were independent risk factors for blood UA.Conclusion Urinary mALb/Cr and blood UA are the independent risk factors,high uric acid hematic disease may participate in the development process of DN,and diabetes duration,UA,BMI,TG,TC,LDL,FBG,HbA1C associated with increased urinary mALb/Cr excretory DN patients,the effective monitoring can improve the symptoms of DN and quality of life.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613791

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of CD8+ stem memory T cells (CD8+Tscm) in patients with chronic HIV-1 infection before and after antiretroviral therapy (ART) and to analyze their associations with progression of HIV-1 infection.Methods Thirty-six patients with chronic HIV-1 infection and 20 healthy subjects were enrolled in this study.Flow cytometry was performed to detect the percentages and absolute numbers of CD8+Tscm in patients with chronic HIV-1 infection before and after antiretroviral therapy (ART) as well as in healthy subjects.Correlation analysis was used to demonstrate the relationships between CD8+Tscm and markers for progression of HIV-1 infection (CD4+T cell count, HIV-1 viral load and level of activated T cells).Results The percentages and the absolute numbers of CD8+Tscm in patients with chronic HIV-1 infection had no significant change before and after ART.They were respectively positively correlated with the percentages and the absolute numbers of CD4+Tscm.The percentage of CD8+Tscm was proportional to the percentage of CD8+ central memory T cells (CD8+Tcm), but was inversely proportional to the percentage of CD8+ effector memory T cells (CD8+Tem).In addition, the percentages of CD8+Tscm in patients with HIV-1 infection were negatively correlated with the viral loads before ART.Conclusion CD8+Tscm are responsible for maintaining the homeostasis of other CD8+T cell subsets.CD8+Tscm play an important role in inhibiting viral replication.

18.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2054-2055, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610088

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics,diagnosis and therapeutic strategies of acute appendicitis in pregnancy.Methods The clinical data of 45 cases with acute appendicitis in pregnancy,which had been diagnosed by surgeries in our hospital since Jan 2010 to Jun 2016,were retrospectively analysed.Results All patients had exhibited abdominal pain.Among them,15 patients(33.3%)had exhibited shifting pain in right lower quadrant,and 44 patients(97.8%)had abdominal tenderness.4 cases with appendiceal gangrene and 1 case with necrosis of the great omentum had been found during the surgeries.There were 5 patients had occurred complications after the surgeries,including 2 cases with poor wound healing,1 case with septic shock,1 case with inflammatory ileus and 1 case with incompletely adhesive ileus.Threatened abortion and threatened premature delivery were found in 11 patients(during 22+3 to 36+2 weeks gestation)after the surgeries.Finally,1 patient occurred abortion(25+3 weeks gestation)and 3 patients occurred premature delivery(during 28+4 to 30+4 weeks gestation).Conclusion Abdominal pain as the main clinical manifestations of the pregnancy with acute appendicitis,prone to severe complications.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664658

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors of repeat revascularization after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in elderly patients.Methods A total of 315 patients,aged 60-99 (72.89±7.80) years hospitalized during 2004 and 2015 due to coronary heart disease and received PCI therapy in the geriatric department of Peking University First Hospital were enrolled.Patients who received repeat revascularization were divided into the target lesion repeat revascularization (TLR)group and the non target lesion revascularization (non-TLR)group.Multivariate regression analysis was performed to make comparisons with non repeat revascularization group respectively and evaluate related risk factors.The median follow-up was 62months.Results The rate of TLR was less than non-TLR in elderly patients.Multivariate regression analysis showed that diabetes mellitus (HR 4.56,95% CI 1.94-10.75,P<0.05) and number of stents (HR 1.55,95% CI 1.05-2.29,P<0.05) were related risk factor of TLR,while age (HR 0.94,95% CI 0.90-0.98,P<0.05),the value of LDL-C reduction (HR 2.51,95% CI 1.56-3.99,P<0.05),the proportion of bifurcation lesions (HR 2.24,95% CI 1.20-4.17,P<0.05) and residual SYNTAX score (rSS) (HR 1.07,CI95% 1.02-1.11,P<0.05) wererelated risk factors of non-TLI.Conclusions The incidence of non-TLR were higher than TLR in elderly patients.Increased total number of stent implantation and diabetes mellitus were related risk factors of TLR,while the lower average age,less reduction of LDL-C,increased proportion of bifurcation lesions and higher rSS were related risk factors of non-TLR.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514699

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of laparoscopy in comprehensive early ovarian cancer staging by comparing the feasibility and safety of laparoscopy and laparotomy in surgical staging of early-stage epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Methods A total of 102 patients with EOC who underwent comprehensive laparoscopic (LPS group, n=71) or laparotomic (LPT group, n=31) staging at Southwest Hospital from November 2007 to November 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. The perioperative parameters, postoperative complication rate and the long-term curative effect were compared between the two groups. Results (1)LPS group had less intra-operative blood loss [(288±239) vs (631±463) ml], lower rate of blood transfusion(14%vs 58%), larger number of pelvic dissected lymph nodes (18.1±5.6 vs 15.5± 4.6), lower vasual analogue scalescore(VAS) pain score (2.1 ± 1.6 vs 3.0 ± 1.1), shorter gastrointestinal recovery time [(2.6 ± 0.8) vs (3.5 ± 0.9) days] and shorter hospital stay [(9.9 ± 2.9) vs (11.3 ± 5.0) days] when compared with LPT group (all P0.05). (2) No significant difference was found in postoperative rate of complications [11%(8/71) vs 19%(6/31),χ2=1.192, P=0.275]. (3) No significant difference was found in recurrence rate [17%(11/66) vs 14%(4/29), χ2=0.125, P=0.724] and 5-year overall survival (86.7% vs 86.8%, P=0.874). Conclusion Compared with LPT group, there are no significance differences in recurrence rate and mortality between two groups, laparoscopic staging, which could be recommended as a choice of surgical treatment of early ovarian cancer, shows more favorable operative outcomes including minimally invasive, less intra-operative blood loss, less postoperative pain and quicker recovery.

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