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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909803

ABSTRACT

Objective:To get comprehensive understanding of the registration characteristics of global clinical trials of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) based on the ClinicalTrials. gov and the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR).Methods:The clinical trials of COVID-19 in the ClinicalTrials.gov and ChiCTR were retrieved. The search start time was unlimited, with deadlines of 14 December, 2020 and 19 March, 2021, respectively. The registration numbers, registration submitted time, country/region distribution, recruitment status, study types, number of recruits, research phases, and other aspects were analyzed by using bibliometric methods.Results:As of March 19, 2021, there were 775 clinical trials in ChiCTR. As of December 14, 2020, there were 4 137 clinical trials in the ClinicalTrials.gov, and 3 157(76.31%) of the clinical trials recruited subjects who were aged≥18 years old. There were 2 347 intervention trials and 1 759 observational trials. The intervention measures mainly included drugs, biologics and medical devices. The numbers of recruits were 110(48, 308) cases for interventional studies, and 300(100, 1 000) cases for observational trials. The interventional research phases were mainly phaseⅡ (570 items) and phase Ⅲ (358 items). Totally, 50.33%(2 082/4 137) of the clinical trials were under recruitment, 13.10%(542/4 137) had been completed. Among the interventional studies, 729(31.06%) were multi-center studies, with the center numbers of 5(2, 15).Conclusions:At present, there are a large number of clinical trials with various intervention measures in the world. However, the number of recruits is unreasonable, and multi-center study with multi-agency cooperation is insufficient.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872026

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience of the clinical research network operation mechanism in typical countries,and provide reference for the construction of China's national clinical research network.Methods Literature research method and the inductive analysis method were used to analyze the information on official website and literature materials of the clinical research network in typical countries to summarize their characteristics and experience.Results The clinical research network in typical countries had developed an optimized and efficient operational mechanism,including the development of information platforms,development of tools and templates,streamlined review processes,implementation of membership systems,establishment of sharing mechanisms,and complementary models of clinical centers and research institutes,stable sources of funds,establishing reward and punishment mechanisms,etc.Conclusions China's national clinical research network is still at the initial stage,government should make full use of the information platform,strengthen human resource input,and accelerate the research and exploration of more innovative management mechanisms.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807800

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy (HDCP) on the mortality and early complications of premature infants.@*Methods@#The general clinical data of preterm infants with gestational age 24-36+ 6 weeks were collected from the cooperative units in the task group from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2014.According to the severity of HDCP, the infants were divided into 4 groups: HDCP group, preeclampsia group, eclampsia group and non HDCP group, the mortality and major complications of preterm infants were compared, and the influencing factors were analyzed.@*Results@#The mortality rate of preterm in the HDCP group was significantly higher than that of non HDCP group, and there was statistical significance (χ2=9.970, P=0.019). Eclampsia had a highest fatality rate (4.8%) in the early stage, compared with non HDCP group (2.2%), and the difference was statistically significant.Comparison of HDCP group (1.8%) and eclampsia group (3.2%) suggested that there was no statistically significant difference.The incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm in HDCP group was significantly higher than that of non HDCP group, and there was statistical significance (χ2=13.241, P=0.004). Eclampsia group showed the highest incidence (35.4%), compared with non HDCP group (16.2%), the difference was statistically significant, but compared with HDCP group (19.9%), preeclampsia group (17.1%), there was no significant diffe-rence.The incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm in HDCP group was significantly higher than that of non HDCP group (χ2=9.592, P=0.022), the highest incidence showed up in eclampsia group (9.7%), compared with non HDCP group (2.0%) and HDCP group (1.7%), the difference was statistically significant.But there was no statistically significant difference, compared with preeclampsia group.As the degree of HDCP aggravated, the incidence of BPD gradually rose.There was no significant impact on necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and sepsis of HDCP (χ2=7.054, 7.214, 0.358, 3.852; P=0.070, 0.065, 0.949, 0.278). Considering the overall outcome of the child, that was, whether the child died or survived, he had at least one complication, and HDCP had an effect on it (χ2=15.697, P=0.001), so the incidence increased while the degree of HDCP rose gradually.After adjusting gestational age, birth weight, sex, way of delivery, placental abruption and front placenta, prenatal hormonal, gestational diabetes, neonatal asphyxia and other factors, the results displayed that HDCP was the factor leading to the death of premature baby (OR=2.159, 95%CI: 1.093-4.266), and comparison between preeclampsia and eclampsia showed no statistical difference (P=0.714, 0.389); HDCP had no significant influence on RDS, BDP, ICH, NEC, ROP and sepsis.@*Conclusions@#HDCP leads to increased risk of premature death, but also leads to the increased incidence of RDS and BPD, but it had no obvious effect on NEC, ROP, IVH, sepsis and other complications.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668401

ABSTRACT

Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between autophagy gene Beclin1 and immune response effector classical HLA Ⅰ,Ⅱ in SKOV3 cells.To explore the role of Beclin1 in immunity in ovarian cancer cells which were transfected with the vector of Beclin1.Methods RT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of Beclin1 and HLA Ⅰ,Ⅱ in SKOV3 cells.Fluorescence microscope was carried out to observe the unique autophagosome in SKOV3 cells.MTT was used to analyze the proliferation of the Beclin1 over-expressed SKOV3 cells.Results Transfection SKOV3 cells with Beclin1 vector could induce Beclin1 transcription and translation approximately 5 and 2 times compared with empty vector group respectively.The autophagosome stained by MDC was observed by fluorescence microscope.And much more green fluorescence signal was observed in Beclin1 vector group.RT-PCR and Western blot indicated that HLA Ⅰ,Ⅱ induced by transfection with extrinsic Beclin1.The allelic transcriptions of HLA Ⅰ-A,B,C and HLA Ⅱ-DP,DQ,DR in extrinsic Beclin1 group were approximately 2,1.6,3 and 2,6,3 times compared with empty vetcor group or untreated group,respectively.The results of Western blot showed that HLA Ⅰ,Ⅱ in Beclin1 vector group induced as much as 2 and 1.6 times compared with empty vetcor group or untreated group,respectively.The results of MTT showed that the proliferation of SKOV3 cells treated with Beclin1 vector was significantly suppressed.The percentage of suppression in Beclin1 vector group at 24 h,48 h,72 h and 96 his42.6%,37.8%,24.35%,14.81% compared with untreated group or empty vector group respectively.Conclusion The enhancement of autophagy by over-expression of Beclin1 could induce HLA Ⅰ,Ⅱ transcription and translation in SKOV3 cells.The expression of HLA Ⅰ,Ⅱ may be responsible for triggering the immune response in ovarian cancer.Over-expression of Beclin1 could inhibit the proliferation of SKOV3 cells which were transfected with extrinsic Beclin1.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351382

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of atopy on the expression of glucocorticoid receptors in children with bronchiolitis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>ELISA was used to measure the changes in the serum levels of glucocorticoid receptor α (GRα) and glucocorticoid receptor β (GRβ) in the bronchiolitis group (77 children, including 34 children with atopy) and pneumonia group (68 children). Thirty-eight children who were prepared to undergo surgeries for non-infectious diseases and had no atopy or family history of allergic diseases were enrolled as the control group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The bronchiolitis group and the pneumonia group had significant increases in the serum levels of GRα and GRβ compared with the control group (P<0.01), and the bronchiolitis group had significant increases in these levels compared with the pneumonia group (P<0.01). Compared with the control group and the pneumonia group, the bronchiolitis group had a significant increase in the GRα/GRβ ratio (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the children with or without atopy in the bronchiolitis group had significant increases in the serum levels of GRα and GRβ (P<0.01). The non-atopic children in the bronchiolitis group had a significant increase in the serum level of GRβ compared with the atopic children (P<0.01). The atopic children in the bronchiolitis group had a significant increase in the GRα/GRβ ratio compared with the control group and non-atopic children in the bronchiolitis group (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Children with bronchiolitis have increased serum levels of GRα and GRβ. The children with atopy have an increased GRα/GRβ ratio, suggesting that the atopic children with bronchiolitis are highly sensitive to glucocorticoids.</p>


Subject(s)
Bronchiolitis , Blood , Female , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Blood , Infant , Male , Receptors, Glucocorticoid , Blood
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495256

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the cost of healthcare-associated infection (HAI)management in a tertiary first-class hospital,provide data support for cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis of HAI management,and provide scientific evidence for the rational allocation of hospital resources.Methods Micro-costing study was used to calcu-late the direct cost of the department of HAI management by collecting the quantity and unit price of each item. Results The total cost of HAI management in this hospital in 2013 were about ¥870 000,including human cost¥790 000,depreciated fixed assets ¥34 501 ,low-value consumption goods ¥3 800,publicity and training¥33 600,office consumables ¥5 208;average cost were ¥12.16 per person and ¥529.69 per bed.Conclusion Human cost is the main cost in HAI management in this hospital.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286879

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of premature rupture of the membrane (PROM) on neonatal complications in premature infants.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The registration information of 7684 preterm infants with gestational age <37 weeks were collected from the cooperative units in the task group between January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014. Specially trained personnel from each cooperative units filled in the unified form in a standardized format to record the gender, gestational age, birth weight, PROM, placental abruption, antenatal corticosteroid, Apgar score, amniotic fluid pollution, and complications of the infants. The data were analyzed comparatively between the cases with PROM and those without (control).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The preterm mortality rate was significantly lower but the incidences of ICH, NEC, ROP and BPD were significantly higher in PROM group than in the control group (P<0.05). The 95% confidence interval of the OR value was <1 for mortality, and was >1 for ICH, NEC, ROP and BPD. After adjustment for gestational age, birth weight, gender, mode of delivery, placental abruption, placenta previa, prenatal hormones, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), gestational period hypertension and 5-min Apgar score <7, the incidences of NEC, ROP and BPD were significantly different between the two groups (P<0.05) with 95% confidence interval of OR value >1, but the mortality rate and incidence of ICH were not significantly different between the two groups (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PROM is a risk factor for NEC, ROP and BPD in preterm infants, and adequate intervention of PROM can reduce the incidences of such complications as NEC, ROP and BPD in the infants.</p>


Subject(s)
Apgar Score , Birth Weight , Female , Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture , Pathology , Gestational Age , Humans , Incidence , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Infant, Premature , Pregnancy , Risk Factors
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476718

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of device-associated infection (DAI)in neonatal intensive care units(NICUs)of tertiary first-class hospitals in China,and provide scientific evidence for the prevention and control of neonatal DAI.Methods Neonates in NICUs at 17 hospitals of 9 provinces from October 2013 to September 2014 were selected for multicenter study,DAI was surveyed prospectively according to the uni-form diagnostic criteria and methods.Results A total of 12 998 neonates were monitored,the total patient-days were 126 125 d,13 cases of central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI)and 70 cases of ventilator-asso-ciated pneumonia (VAP)occurred,central line utilization rate was 15.56%,incidence of CLABSI was 0.66/1 000 device-days;ventilator utilization rate was 7.67%,incidence of VAP was 7.23/1 000 device-days.Utilization rates of central line and respirator in neonates with body weight ≤ 1 000 g was the highest,which were 61 .06% and 29.91 % respectively;In NICUs with 20-30 beds,utilization rate of central line was the highest(16.67%),and res-pirator was the lowest(4.11 %);of hospitals in different regions,central line and respirator utilization rate in south-west China was the highest.Of different sizes of ICUs,VAP per 1 000 device-days was the lowest in NICUs with 20-30 beds(2.36 ‰).Difference in incidence of CLABSI and VAP per 1 000 device-days in neonates at NICUs of different regions were significantly different;incidence of CLABSI and VAP per 1 000 device-days was highest in southern China(2.68 ‰ and 31 .06‰ respectively),followed by southwest region.Of different quarters,incidence of CLABSI,and VAP per 1 000 device-days were not significantly different(all P >0.05).Conclusion Device utili-zation rate and incidence of DAI in China are both high,and are different in neonates of different birth weight,at different sizes of NICUs,as well as different regions,monitoring should be intensified,prevention and control measures should be implemented according to infection characteristics.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462051

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the comprehensive medical goal appraisal system on hand hygiene compliance rate of health care workers(HCWs).Methods Comprehensive medical goal appraisal system was adopted to inter-vene hand hygiene compliance rate of HCWs in a comprehensive hospital ,hand hygiene compliance rates of HCWs and consumption of instant hand sanitizer per bed-day before (December 2012)and after intervention (January 2013-June 2014)were compared.Results Hand hygiene compliance rate after intervention was higher than before interven-tion (85.17% [18 208/21 379]vs 39.92%[853/2 137]),hand hygiene compliance rate enhanced by 113.35%(χ2 =2 590. 81,P 90%),consumption of instant hand sanitizer before and after intervention was 7.24 mL/bed-day(4 200 L/579 841 bed-day)and 10.54 mL/bed-day(9 323.5L/884 489 bed-day)respectively,the consumption after intervention increased by 45.58% compared with that before intervention. Conclusion Comprehensive medical goal appraisal can effectively enhance hand hygiene compliance rate ,and maintains at a high level;the measure can affect hand hygiene behavior of HCWs by hawthorne effect,and is an effective and long-term measure to improve hand hygiene compliance of HCWs.

10.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1378-1380, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460360

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mental health states of health system staffs in a district of Chongqing municipality. Methods Seven hundred and seventy-three health system staffs were taken as the research subjects for conducting the investigation by the Symptoms Checklist-90 (SCL-90).With the total SCL-90 score >160 as the positive psychological symptom,the total mean scores of SCL-90 and the 9 items of factor score of somatization,obsession,personal relations,depression,anxiety,hostility,dread, paranoid and psychotics were performed the statistical analysis.Results The positive rate of psychological symptoms in 773 health system staffs was 17.46% (135/773),among them which in the clinical nurses,clinicians and nonclinical staffs were 23.20%(58/250),15.63%(50/320)and 13.30%(27/203)respectively.The somatization and obsession scores of the health system staffs in this district were obviously higher than those of the national norm (P 0.05).The total mean scores of the clinical nurses were higher than those of the non-clinical staffs(P <0.05).Conclusion The scores of multiple factors had significant differences between the health system staffs in this district and the national norm.The psychological health status in the clinicians was poorer than that in the non-clinical staffs,especially the psychological health status in the clinical nurses were much poorer.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447425

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of GR82334 caudal veins injection(iv)or intrathecal injection(ith)on the increase of dopamine (DA)content in rats anterior cingulate gyrus(ACG)induced by heavy current stimulation of saphenous nerve(SN). Methods Totally 42 male Wi-star rats were randomly divided into six groups,including control group,sham stimulation group,SN stimulation group,GR82334(ith)group,NS (ith)group,GR82334(iv)group,and NS(iv)group. At the end of the study,rats of different groups were sacrificed,then the right side ACG were collected and weighted. ACG samples were then homogenized with 0.1 mol/L perchloric acid solution. After spinning at 10 000 r/min(4℃)for 20 min,20μL of the supernatant were harvest from each sample. High performance liquid chromatography electrochemical detection was used to mea-sure DA content. Results Heavy current stimulation of SN caused obvious increase of the DA content in ACG. GR82334(iv or ith)antagonized the significant increase of DA content in ACG induced by the stimulating SN. However,GR82334(ith)did not completely antagonized the increase of DA content in ACG induced by electric stimulating SN. Conclusion The results indicated that there is connection between SN and the dopami-nergic nervous system in ACG,and SN afferent nociceptive signals can activate ACG dopaminergic neurons to release DA. Peripheral and central NK-1 receptors are involved in the process of significant increase of DA content in ACG induced by SN afferent signals. However,there are other central paths of SN information input to ACG to induce obvious increases of DA content,in which other neurotransmitters and receptors may be involved.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345664

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the variation and clinical significance of serum levels of surfactant proteins A (SP-A) and D (SP-D) among children with different degrees of bronchiolitis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy children with bronchiolitis were divided into acute (n=42) and recovery phase groups (n=28). According to the severity of symptoms, the acute phase group was further divided into severe (n=12) and mild subgroups (n=30). Another 26 children who were hospitalized in the same period due to non-infectious diseases and had not undergone surgery were used as the control group. Competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to measure serum levels of SP-A and SP-D in each group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The acute phase group had significantly higher serum levels of SP-A and SP-D compared with the recovery phase (P<0.01) and control groups (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the recovery phase group had elevated levels of SP-A and SP-D (P<0.01). Within the acute phase group, serum levels of SP-A and SP-D in the severe subgroup were significantly higher than in the mild subgroup (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Serum levels of SP-A and SP-D are significantly elevated in children with acute bronchiolitis, and severe cases have higher serum levels of SP-A and SP-D than mild cases. Even after the relief of clinical symptoms, serum levels of SP-A and SP-D remain high. These findings suggest that serum levels of SP-A and SP-D might be useful biomarkers for evaluating the severity of bronchiolitis among children.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Biomarkers , Bronchiolitis , Blood , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Protein A , Blood , Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Protein D , Blood , Severity of Illness Index
13.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 249-253, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428720

ABSTRACT

Objective Leucine-rich repeat transmembrane neuronal protein 2 (LRRTM2) localizes to excitatory glutamatergic synapses,and triggers the formation of excitatory synapses.This study aims to investigate the expression of LRRTM2 protein in the temporal lobe tissue of SD rats induced by lithiumpilocarpine,and explore its roles in epilepsy.Methods Fifty-six Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were induced by lithium-pilocarpine and randomly divided into 6h,24h,72h,7d,14d,30d and 60d subgroups.Eight SD rats were treated with normal saline instead of pilocarpine as controls. Expression of LRRTM2 protein was accessed by immunohistochemistry,immunofluorcscence and Western blot analysis. Results LRRTM2 protein mainly expressed in neurons of temporal lobe,gradually decreased in acute phase,and then up-regulated in latent and chronic periods.The immunohistochemistry A values in model rats from 6 h,24h,72h,7d,14d,30d and 60d subgroups were 0.286 ±0.012,0.227 ± 0.008,0.425 ± 0.015,0.509 ±0.019,0.579 ± 0.018,0.488 ± 0.018 and 0.566 ± 0.014,respectively,compared to 0.330 ±0.016 in control group ( t =3.965,11.987,9.131,14.121,20.452,12.929 and 22.786,all P<0.05). Gray value ratios of LRRTM2/β-actin in different groups of model rats were 0.0354 ± 0.0043,0.0174 ± 0.0026,0.0685 ± 0.0064,0.0957 ± 0.0125,0.1044 ± 0.0103,0.0910 ± 0.0108,and 0.1012 ±0.0063,respectively,which were significant differences from control group (0.0471 ± 0.0033,t=4.354,14.191,5.989,7.541,10.565,7.730and15.316,allP<0.05).Conclusions LRRTM2 protein gradually increases in the neurons of temporal lobe of SD rats treated by lithium-pilocarpine in silence and chronic phases,which indicates that it may play an important role in cpileptogenesis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638975

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of montelukast on plasma nitric oxide in preschool children with asthma.Methods Forty-four preschool children with asthma aged 2-5 years who firstly met a criterion of asthma and treated 4 weeks with montelukast were investigated;and nitric oxide levels of plasma were inspected respectively before treatment and after treatment 1 week,4 weeks.Results The level of nitric oxide in the plasma of asthmatic children was obviously higher than that in normal control group(P

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