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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909552

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of fluoxetine (Flx) on lipidomics of hippocampal tissue in chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) model rats.Methods:A total of 30 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into Sham group, CUS group and CUS+ Flx group, with 10 rats in each group. Rats in the CUS group and CUS+ Flx group were received one or two random stimuli every day for 28 days, and then they were received intraperitoneal injection of normal saline(1 ml/kg) and fluoxetine(10 mg/kg) respectively once a day for 14 days. Rats in the Sham group were maintained in their home cages for 28 days, and then received intraperitoneal injection of saline (1 ml/kg) once a day for 14 days. The sugar water preference experiment was carried out 24 hours after the last injection, and then the rats were killed to separate the rat hippocampus. The levels of lipid composition in hippocampus were detected by high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The relative content of lipid was analyzed by Simca-p 14.1 and LipidSearch software version 4.1. SPSS 19.0 was used for statistical analysis. One-way ANOVA or Kruskal-Wallis test was used for comparison among groups, and Bonferroni test was used for post-hoc test. Pearson correlation or Spearman correlation was used to analyze the correlation between behavioral indexes and lipid molecular level in hippocampus.Results:There was significant difference in sugar preference test among the three groups ( F=12.830, P<0.001). The percentage of sucrose intake of rats in CUS group ((43.57±12.38)%) was significantly lower than those in Sham group ((67.09±11.81)%) and CUS+ Flx group ((62.74±8.58)%) (both P<0.05). Ninety five differential lipid molecules were screened among the three groups by lipidomic analysis, mainly distributed in glycerophospholipids and sphingolipids. Among them, levels of PE (34∶1e)+ H( r=-0.477), PE(18∶1p/20∶1)+ H( r=-0.433), PE(18∶1/18∶1)+ Na( r=-0.603), PE(36∶2p)-H( r=-0.382), PE(16∶0/20∶4)-H( r=-0.464), PE(18∶0/18.2)-H( r=-0.482), PE(16∶0e/22∶6)-H( r=-0.514), PE(18∶1/20∶4)-H( r=-0.511) and CerG1 (d18∶2/24∶0+ O)+ H( r=-0.490) were negatively correlated with sucrose preference rate (all P<0.05), whereas levels of PE (42∶6p)+ Na( r=0.379), PE(34∶0p)-H( r=0.397) and SM (d22∶1/16.0)+ HCOO( r=0.388) were positively correlated with sucrose preference rate (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Flx improves the depressive-like behavior of CUS model rats, which may be related to the regulation of hippocampal glycerophospholipid and sphingolipid metabolism.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907121

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the effects of respiratory control measures before and after COVID-19 epidemic on influenza virus. MethodsThe percentage of influenza-like cases, the positive rate of influenza virus and the change of influenza outbreaks before and after the COVID-19 pandemic were compared and analyzed by selecting the data of influenza surveillance sentinel-points in Shanghai. ResultsThe percentage of influenza-like illness after the outbreak of COVID-19 in 2020 was significantly higher than that during the same period between 2017 and 2019. The positive rate of influenza virus detection in 2020 was significantly lower than the average rate of influenza virus detection from 2017 to 2019 with significant statistical difference (χ 2=2 359.07, P<0.001). The number of outbreaks in 2020 was significantly lower than that from 2017 to 2019. ConclusionDuring the respiratory season, personal protection and reduction of human aggregation can effectively reduce the infection of influenza and the incidence of influenza in the population.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907098

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the effects of respiratory control measures before and after COVID-19 epidemic on influenza virus. MethodsThe percentage of influenza-like cases, the positive rate of influenza virus and the change of influenza outbreaks before and after the COVID-19 pandemic were compared and analyzed by selecting the data of influenza surveillance sentinel-points in Shanghai. ResultsThe percentage of influenza-like illness after the outbreak of COVID-19 in 2020 was significantly higher than that during the same period between 2017 and 2019. The positive rate of influenza virus detection in 2020 was significantly lower than the average rate of influenza virus detection from 2017 to 2019 with significant statistical difference (χ 2=2 359.07, P<0.001). The number of outbreaks in 2020 was significantly lower than that from 2017 to 2019. ConclusionDuring the respiratory season, personal protection and reduction of human aggregation can effectively reduce the infection of influenza and the incidence of influenza in the population.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906290

ABSTRACT

Plantaginis Semen is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) commonly used in China, which is one of the authentic medicinal materials in Jiangxi. It has great development prospects. However, the current research on Plantaginis Semen is not in-depth enough, mainly involving chemical components and pharmacological activities. There are few researches on processing and variety of Plantaginis Semen. In order to further develop and utilize the resources of Plantaginis Semen, we summarized 4 varieties that have been studied more at present, the processing contents of Plantaginis Semen in ancient and modern literature were consulted and sorted out, and its processing historical evolution were summarized. The influences of different processing technologies and methods on the chemical composition and pharmacological effects of Plantaginis Semen were analyzed, the possible processing mechanism was discussed. Meanwhile, and the quality evaluation methods of Plantaginis Semen varieties included in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia were summarized. The author mainly analyzed the researches status of Plantaginis Semen and its decoction pieces in the three aspects of variety, processing and quality evaluation, and summarized its current major problems such as insufficient use and development of varieties, unclear processing mechanisms, and undetermined quality evaluation standards. And combined with the national standardization project of TCM to carry out the prospect and analysis for it, in order to solve the problems in the actual production and use of Plantaginis Semen, and provide reference for its further development, production of the high-quality decoction pieces, analysis of the processing mechanism, and establishment of the quality control system.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922407

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of high-fat diet for maternal Sprague-Dawley rats at different stages on glucose and lipid metabolism in offspring and related mechanisms.@*METHODS@#According to the diet before pregnancy and during pregnancy and lactation, maternal rats were randomly divided into four groups (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control diet groups (CC and CH groups), the groups with high-fat diet before pregnancy (HC and HH groups) had a significant increase in body weight (@*CONCLUSIONS@#High-fat diet for rats at different stages before and after pregnancy has different effects on glucose and lipid metabolism of offspring rats, and high-fat diet before pregnancy and during pregnancy and lactation has the greatest effect. The effect of high-fat diet on glucose and lipid metabolism of offspring rats is considered associated with the changes in the expression of genes involved in glucose and lipid metabolism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Body Weight , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Female , Glucose/metabolism , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , Lipid Metabolism , Liver/metabolism , Male , Pregnancy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920740

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the real prevalence of Clonorchis sinensis infections in the freshwater fish in mainland China, so as to provide insights into clonorchiasis control and detection of freshwater fish. Methods All literatures reporting the prevalence of C. sinensis infections in the freshwater fish, the second intermediate host of the parasite, were jointly retrieved in Chinese and English electronic databases from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2020, including Wanfang Data, CNKI, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Library. All studies were screened based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the quality of all enrolled literatures was evaluated. The pooled prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated using the software Stata version 15.0, and subgroup analyses were performed to investigate the region-, season- and sample source-specific pooled prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish. In addition, the sensitivity and publication bias of all included studies were analyzed. Results A total of 40 eligible literatures were included in this study, including 37 Chinese literatures and 3 English literatures, and there were 10 high-quality literatures, 27 moderate-quality literatures and 3 low-quality literatures. A total of 53 species containing 37 959 freshwater fish were reported in these 40 studies, and 73.58% (39/53) of freshwater fish species were identified with C. sinensis infections. Meta-analysis showed 23.5% [95% CI: (0.19, 0.28)] pooled prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish in mainland China, and subgroup analyses higher prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish in northeastern China [35.7%, 95% CI: (0.22, 0.50)] than in central [25.9%, 95% CI: (0.04, 0.48)] and southern China [20.6%, 95% CI: (0.09, 0.32)], higher prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish sampled in spring [44.1%, 95% CI: (0.35, 0.53)] than in autumn [6.7%, 95% CI: (0.05, 0.08)] and summer [3.3%, 95% CI: (−0.01, 0.07)], and higher prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish sampled from natural water [25.2%, 95% CI: (0.17, 0.33)] than from retail trades [22.2%, 95% CI: (0.17, 0.28)] and breeding chain [12.3%, 95% CI: (0.03, 0.22)]. However, all included studies had a publication bias with a low sensitivity. Conclusions The prevalence of C. sinensis infections is high in freshwater fish in mainland China, and there are still challenges for clonorchiasis control. Reinforcement of health education, diagnostics development and food safety supervision is recommended in future clonorchiasis control programs.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881046

ABSTRACT

Atherosclerosis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease, the main causes of which include abnormal lipid metabolism, endothelial injury, physical and chemical injury, hemodynamic injury, genetic factors and so on. These causes can lead to inflammatory injury of blood vessels and local dysfunction. Bunao-Fuyuan decoction (BNFY) is a traditional Chinese medicine compound that can treat cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, but its effect on AS is still unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and mechanism of BNFY in proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) on AS. At first, the expression of α-SMA protein in ox-LDL-induced VSMCs, which was detected by immunofluorescence staining and western blot. CCK-8 technique and cloning technique were used to detect the cell proliferation of ox-LDL-induced VSMCs after adding BNFY. Meanwhile, the expression of proliferating protein Ki67 was detected by immunofluorescence staining. Western blot was also used to detect the expression of proliferation-related proteins CDK2, CyclinE1 and P27. Flow cytometry was used to detect the effect of BNFY on cell cycle. The effects of BNFY on proliferation and migration of cells were detected by cell scratch test and Transwell. Western blot was used to detect the expression of adhesion factors ICAM1, VCAM1, muc1, VE-cadherin and RHOA/ROCK-related proteins in cells. We found that the expression of AS marker α-SMA protein increased significantly and cells shriveled and a few floated on the medium after induction of ox-LDL on VSCMs. The proliferation rate of ox-LDL VSMCs decreased significantly after adding different doses of BNFY, and BNFY can inhibit cell cycle. Meanwhile, we also found that cell invasion and migration rate were significantly inhibited and related cell adhesion factors ICAM1, VCAM1, muc1 and VE-cadherin were inhibited too by BNFY. Finally, we found that BNFY inhibited the expression of RHOA, ROCK1, ROCK2, p-MLC proteins in the RHOA/ROCK signaling pathway. Therefore, we can summarize that BNFY may inhibit the proliferation and migration of atherosclerotic vascular smooth muscle cells by inhibiting the activity of RHOA/ROCK signaling pathway.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878712

ABSTRACT

Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema(RS3PE),the inflammatory arthritis attacking mainly elderly males,is characterized by symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema of the dorsum of hands and feet and the absence of rheumatoid factor.RS3PE commonly accompanies malignant tumor,infections and other diseases.Here we report a case of RS3PE associated with lung malignancy and review other six cases to summarize the clinical features,treatment and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Edema/etiology , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Male , Syndrome , Synovitis/drug therapy
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888139

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the pharmacodynamic differences of Puerariae Lobatae Radix(PLR), Puerariae Thomsonii Radix(PTR) and their different processed products and the influences of these medical materials on the diversity of intestinal flora. The Sennae Folium-induced diarrhea model, streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetes model and L-nitro-arginine methyl ester(L-NAME)-induced hypertension model were used to compare the pharmacodynamic differences in anti-diarrhea, blood glucose reduction and blood pressure lowering among raw, roasted and vinegar-processed PLR and PTR. The effects of raw and processed PLR and PTR on intestinal flora diversity of rats were evaluated by 16 S rDNA high-throughput sequencing. The roasted PLR and PTR performed better in anti-diarrhea, especially the former. PLR and its processed products all presented the efficacy of reducing blood glucose, and the vinegar-processed PLR was the most outstanding. The raw PTR was not that effective in reducing blood glucose, whereas its efficacy was improved after roasting and vinegar processing. Both PLR and PTR were capable of lowering blood pressure to a certain extent, and PLR is superior to PTR in this aspect. Further, the vinegar-processed PLR showed the best effect. The diversity of intestinal flora was different among rats to which different products of PLR and PTR were administered. The roasted PLR led to the highest abundance of Lactobacillus, which was closely related to its best antidiarrheal effect. The highest abilities of vinegar-processed PLR to lower blood glucose and blood pressure were associated with the high abundance of Blautia and Prevotella_9. This study lays a foundation for elucidating the processing mechanisms of PLR and PTR and provides a basis for their further development and application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Plant Roots , Pueraria , Rats
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888084

ABSTRACT

Bupleuri Radix, serving as the sovereign medicinal in many antidepressant compound preparations, has been proved effective in treating depression in mice, but its effect on the intestinal flora remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of Bupleurum chinense(one of the original materials of Bupleuri Radix) on the behaviors and the diversity of intestinal flora of depressed mice. A depression mouse model was induced by repeated social defeat stress. Specifically, C57 BL/6 J male mice were exposed to the attack from the CD-1 mice. Then, C57 BL/6 J male mice were divided into a depression group and a B. chinense group, with normal saline and B. chinense administered(ig) respectively. Sucrose preference test and tail suspension test were conducted during and after the experiment respectively, to analyze the effects of B. chinense on the behaviors of the depressed mice. The feces were collected after the experiment. The V3-V4 16 S rDNA regions of intestinal flora of mice in each group were sequenced by Ion S5 TMXL for the analysis of the number of operational taxonomic units(OTUs), richness, alpha and beta diversity indexes, and differential phyla and genera. The results indicated that B. chinense could decrease depressive-like behaviors of mice, increase sucrose preference, and shorten the time of immobility in tail suspension test. After B. chinense intervention, the relative abundance of Firmicutes was significantly decreased, while that of Bacteroidetes was increased at the phylum level. At the genus level, the relative abundance of Lactobacillus and Lachnoclostridium decreased(P<0.05), while that of Bacteroides, Alistopes, etc. was elevated(P<0.05). The findings demonstrate that B. chinense can regulate the intestinal flora and improve the depressive-like behaviors of mice with depression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bupleurum , Feces , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Lactobacillus , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883919

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on the hippocampal lipidome in a rat model of chronic unpredictable stress(CUS).Methods:Twenty-four SD rats were randomly assigned to the following 3 groups ( n=8 for each group): sham group, CUS group and CUS+ rTMS group. The sham group received only sham stimulation and rats in the CUS and CUS+ rTMS group were subjected to CUS stimulation. Then, rats received 5 Hz rTMS (5 Hz, 1.26 Tesla) or sham rTMS for 7 days. After the last stimulation, all rats underwent sucrose preference test, open filed test and forced swimming test so as to observe the effect of rTMS on depressive behavior. Then, rats were sacrificed, and the levels of lipid composition in hippocampus were determined by high performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry and analyzed by lipid search software version 4.1 and SIMCA-P 14.1.The software of SPSS 19.0 was used for statistical analysis. Univariate analysis of variance was used for comparison among groups, and Tukey test was used for multiple comparison. Results:(1)There were significant differences in open field test, sugar preference test and forced swimming test among the three groups( F=6.853-7.466, all P<0.05). In the open field experiment, the exploring time and percentage of movement distance in central area of rats in CUS group((50.72±6.38)s, (11.41±1.55)%) was significantly less than that of sham group ((86.06±7.31)s, (18.60±1.21)%) and CUS+ rTMS group((79.87±7.87)s, (16.74±1.27)%)(all P<0.05). The results of sucrose preference test showed that the percentage of sucrose intake of rats in CUS group ((37.63±6.06)%) was significantly lower than that in sham group ((68.30±6.39)%) and CUS+ rTMS group ((62.68±5.50)%)(both P<0.05) . In forced swimming test, the immobility time of rats in CUS group ((137.60±13.36)s) was significantly longer than that of sham group ((80.57±10.36)s)) and CUS+ rTMS group ((86.14±11.49)s) (both P<0.05). (2)The levels of lipid composition in hippocampus were significantly different in the three groups( F=3.826-15.440, all P<0.05). The contents of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) ((20 850±956.56)×10 7, (24 133.33±1 242.04)×10 7), phosphatidylinositol (PI) ((788.78±136.11)×10 7, (953.65±131.26)×10 7), lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) ((340.29±35.66)×10 7, (275.32±35.78)×10 7), creatine phosphate (CerP) ((239.65±18.14)×10 7, (293.82±38.28)×10 7), sphingosine (So) ((22.96±4.04)×10 7, (15.36±3.87)×10 7), diglyceride (DG) ((3.35±0.85)×10 7, (4.57±1.02)×10 7) and monoglyceride (MG) ((6.71±0.82)×10 7, (7.94±0.91)×10 7)in hippocampus of rats in CUS group were significantly higher than those of sham group(all P<0.05), while the phosphatidic acid(PA) ((424.52±33.38)×10 7, (509.22±42.09)×10 7) and acyl carnitine(AcCa) ((2.68±0.33)×10 7, (3.39±0.33)×10 7) decreased(both P<0.05). Compared with CUS group, the contents of PE(21 816.67±928.26)×10 7, PI(83.16±91.52)×10 7, LPC(323.59±33.91)×10 7, CerP(236.39±32.02)×10 7, So(23.35±4.46)×10 7, DG(3.16±0.85)×10 7 and MG(7.03±0.26)×10 7 in the hippocampus of CuS+ rTMS group decreased, while the contents of PA(421.55±44.28)×10 7 and ACCA(2.56±0.32)×10 7 in the hippocampus of CUS+ rTMS group increased (all P<0.05). Conclusion:The levels of glycerophospholipids, glyceroglycerides, sphingolipids, fatty acids and other lipids in the hippocampus of CUS model rats are abnormal. And the 5 Hz rTMS intervention can ameliorate the depression like behavior and the disturbances of lipid in hippocampus of CUS model rats.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873557

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the association between global epidemic of COVID-19 and local situation of imported cases from abroad to Shanghai, and then to predict the risk of imported COVID-19 epidemic from December 2020 through March 2021. Methods A retrospective analysis on the imported COVID-19 cases from abroad to Shanghai was conducted. The correlation between global and country-specific confirmed COVID-19 cases(weekly confirmed cases per 100 000 population)and imported cases(weekly reported)in Shanghai was determined. Compared to the risk in November 2020, country-specific risk of imported cases to Shanghai was assessed to calculate the possible number of imported case in the near future using SEIR model. Results The number of imported case of COVID-19 from abroad to Shanghai increased along with the global epidemic, with several peaks accordingly. However, the imported cases did not accumulate, as potential epidemic has been always effectively contained through timely implementation of prevention and control measures. The number of weekly imported cases in Shanghai was significantly correlated with the number of global weekly confirmed cases per 100 000 population(rSpearman = 0.349, P = 0.029), and also correlated with weekly reported cases in certain countries(P < 0.05), such as the UK and France. Using the number of imported cases from abroad to Shanghai in November as baseline, the estimated monthly number of imported cases in Shanghai might increase in the following four months. Conclusion The risk of imported COVID-19 cases from abroad to Shanghai may increase in the near future. Prediction of imported case would provide scientific evidence for optimizing prevention and control measures and reserving medical resources for the imported epidemic.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879075

ABSTRACT

Dendrobii officinalis, with a definite effect of nourishing Yin and clearing heat, has been a folk habit for drinking after being mixed with water. Because its superfine powder has the advantages of high dissolution and convenient drinking, we observed the effect of D. officinalis superfine powder on metabolic hypertension model rats and its possible mechanism in this experiment, which can be used as a reference for its clinical application for hypertension. The overeating greasy-induced metabolic hypertension model was established with high-fat, high-sugar and high-purine diet. These rats were orally administered with 400 mg·kg~(-1) and 200 mg·kg~(-1) of D. officinalis superfine powder for 20 consecutive weeks. During this period, blood pressure, blood lipid, blood glucose, insulin and other related indexes of glucose and lipid metabolism were monitored; the levels of lipopolysaccharide(LPS), C-reactive protein(CRP), interleukin 6(IL-6) and other inflammatory mediators were measured; the levels of nitric oxide(NO) and endothelin-1(ET-1) were detected, and the histomorphological and ultrastructural changes of aorta were observed. In addition, the expression of LPS/TLR4 pathway-related molecules in aorta was determined. The results showed that long-term administration of D. officinalis superfine powder significantly reduced the levels of systolic blood pressure(SBP), diastolic blood pressure(DBP) and mean arterial pressure(MBP) in metabolic hypertension model rats, decreased the levels of total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-c), glucose(Glu), and insulin(INS) levels in blood, increased the contents of high density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-c),decreased the LPS, CRP, IL-6 and ET-1 levels in blood and increased NO content. Furthermore, it improved the abnormality of aortic histomorphology and endothelial ultrastructure, and inhibited the protein expression of TLR4, myeloid differentiation factor(MyD88), IL-6, interleukin-1 β(IL-1β), and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) as well as mRNA expression of TNF-α and IL-1β in aorta. In conclusion, D. officinalis superfine powder may improve the abnormal function and structure of blood vessels by inhibiting the activation of LPS/TLR4 pathway, thus playing a role against metabolic hypertension.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dendrobium/chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Hyperphagia , Hypertension/drug therapy , Interleukin-6 , Powders , Rats , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the biosafety of medical injectable carboxymethyl glycosaminoglycan gel.Methods:Ames test, chromosome aberration test in vitro and gene mutation test in vitro were used to detect the genotoxicity of the medical carboxymethyl glycosaminoglycan gel. The gel saline extract (50 ml/kg) was injected slowly through the marginal vein of the ear into Japanese big-eared rabbits. The body temperature was measured and the temperature rise was calculated. The gel saline extract (50 ml/kg) and normal saline (control) were injected intraperitoneally and intravenously into the Kunming mice, respectively. The toxicity response in mice was observed after injection, and bodyweight change was valued. The gel saline extract, normal saline and distilled water were added into the rabbit anti-clotting, to detect the rate of hemolysis.Results:Under active and inactive conditions, the number of spontaneous revertants of the 4 strains of gel saline extract group and gel DMSO extract group did not reach 2 times of that of the corresponding negative control group. The rate of chromosome aberration of the three dose groups were 0. There was no significant increase in the large colony mutation frequency, small colony mutation frequency and total mutation frequency in three dose groups (all P>0.05). After injection of gel saline extract for 24, 48 and 72 h, no toxic reaction was found in each group of mice. With the extension of time after injection, the body weight of mice in the sample group and the control group increased, but the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). After injection of gel saline extract, the temperature rise of 3 Japanese big-eared rabbits were 0.0, 0.3 and 0.2 ℃ respectively. The results of hemolysis test showed that the hemolysis rate of the polycarboxymethyl glucosamine gel was 0.1%. Conclusions:No genetic toxicity changes were found in carboxymethyl glycosaminoglycan to induce gene mutation or chromosome damage in bacteria and cells, and no pyrogenicity, acute systemic toxicity and hemolysis were observed. These results indicate that thecarboxymethyl glycosaminoglycan gel has good biosafety.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873266

ABSTRACT

As an important part of clinical medication, the main function of processing of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is to reduce toxicity and increase efficiency. The key to the best clinical efficacy of TCM after processing lies in three aspects of moderation, adaptation and timeliness, namely " three suitability" theory. In recent years, scholars have done a lot of research under the guide of " three suitability" theory, fully explaining the scientific connotation of the theory, which greatly promoted the inheritance and innovation of TCM processing. In this paper, the basic connotation of " three suitability" theory was summarized, combining with a large number of modern research reports, the pharmacodynamics and composition changes of processed drugs were analyzed and discussed under the guide of " three suitability" theory. At the end of the paper, the authors proposed that we should not only systematize the traditional processing theories, but also use modern advanced technologies to explain the essence of traditional processing theories, and to innovate and develop new processing theories, promote the development of TCM processing discipline and the progress of TCM processing industry.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873212

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the health authorities in various regions have formulated a group of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) diagnosis and treatment programs based on the consensus analysis of etiology and pathogenesis of TCM experts, and recommended the guiding prescriptions for different syndromes in three stages of prevention, treatment and recovery. In order to effectively summarize the understanding of the pathogenesis of each scheme and the rules of the formulation of various prescriptions, based on 49 TCM prevention and treatment plans issued by the health administration departments, 308 TCM prescriptions were sorted by stages (151 prescriptions in the treatment period, 118 prescriptions in the prevention period and 39 prescriptions in the recovery period). The 2019-nCoV pneumonia prescriptions was further processed by using TCM inheritance platform system. The common syndromes and the frequency of commonly used Chinese medicines were summed up. The commonly used drug pairs and combinations in different stages were extracted, and their association rules were analyzed. The rules of the Chinese herbal prescription for COVID-19 were preliminarily summarized. During the treatment period, the main syndrome types are inner blocking causing collapse, epidemic toxin in the lung, cold dampness in the lung and toxic heat in the lung, involving 187 kinds of herbs, 29 kinds of herbs with single taste frequency more than 20 times.Armeniacae Semen Amarum is the most frequently used, Gypsum Fibrosum-Armeniacae Semen Amarum is the most frequently used drug-pair, the core formula is Maxing Shigan Tang, and the main pathogenesis is cold, wet and heat. There is no unified syndrome type in the prevention period, involving 119 herbs in total. There are 13 kinds of herbs with single taste frequency more than 20 times. The most frequently used is Astragali Radix. The most frequently used medicine pair is Astragali Radix-Saposhnikoviae Radix. The core formula is Yupingfeng San, and the main pathogenesis is Qi deficiency. During the recovery period, the main syndromes are deficiency of lung and spleen Qi deficiency and Qi and Yin deficiency, involving 113 herbs, 12 kinds of herbs with single taste frequency more than 10 times, Poria with the highest frequency of use, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium-Poria with the highest frequency of drug pairing, Erchentang and Shengmaiyin with the main pathogenesis of deficiency of spleen Qi and Yin. The purpose of this study is to provide multiple references for strengthening clinical precise treatment, improving the effect of TCM treatment and promoting the management of TCM prevention and control resources.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872835

ABSTRACT

Objective:To optimize the processing technology of salt-processed products of Plantaginis Semen with the specific process parameters, and verify the obtained processing technology by pharmacodynamic research, so as to provide experimental basis for the standardized production and quality control of this decoction pieces. Method:Taking composite score of appearance character score, dry extract yield and contents of three components (geniposidic acid, acteoside and isoacteoside) as index, the analytic hierarchy process (AHP)-criteria importance through intercrieria correlation (CRITIC) mixed weighting method was used to determine the weight coefficient of each index. Based on single factor tests, the response surface method was used to investigate the effects of frying time, frying temperature, salt amount and water amount on the processing technology of salt-processed products of Plantaginis Semen, and the processing technology was verified by diuretic experiment with furosemide tablets as the positive drug (administration dose of 0.01 g·kg-1). Result:The weight coefficients of geniposidic acid content, acteoside content, appearance character score, isoacteoside content and dry extract yield were 0.319, 0.193, 0.207, 0.273 and 0.008, respectively. The optimal process parameters were as following:fried at 150-180 ℃ for 10 min (obtained from the single factor tests), 100 g of Plantaginis Semen sprayed evenly with 2 g of salt (2 g of salt dissolved in 20 mL of water), and fried at 150-180 ℃ for 15 min. Compared with the blank group, both of the raw products group and the salt-processed products group could significantly increase the secretion of urine volume (P<0.01), but the excretion of Na+ in the urine of rats in the salt-processed products group was significantly higher than that in the raw products group (P<0.05). Conclusion:The optimized processing technology is simple and feasible, which can provide reference for standardizing the industrial production of salt-processed products of Plantaginis Semen. At the same time, combined with inherent quality and appearance of the salt-processed products, and verified by pharmacodynamic test, the obtained results are reasonable and reliable, which can be used for quality control of this decoction pieces.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872810

ABSTRACT

Platycodonis Radix, which was first recorded in the Agriculture God's Canon of Materia Medica. It is a multi-functional drug with a wide range of applications. The processing of Platycodonis Radix has been recorded as early as in the Jin dynasty, and has a long history of processing. Today, in addition to the washing, cutting and stir-frying with honey, there have also been more than 20 kinds of processing methods, such as stir-frying with wine, stir-frying with bran, stir-frying with Lilii Bulbus juice and so on. The ancients believed that Platycodonis Radix could enhance the effect of diffusing the lung, promoting pharynx and relieving cough by processing. In terms of the chemical compositions in Platycodonis Radix, more than 100 compositions, like triterpenoid saponins, flavonoids, phenols, sterols, polysaccharides and polyacetylenes, have been isolated and identified from it. Among them, triterpenoid saponins are the essential compositions. In addition, Platycodonis Radix has the pharmacological effects of expectorant, antitussive, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, etc. The medicinal ingredients of Platycodonis Radix are mainly triterpenoid saponins and polysaccharides. Among them, triterpenoid saponins have diverse biological activities, which lead it to be one of the hotspots of current researches. Platycodonis Radix has a good role in promoting lung and removing phlegm. After being processed, its medicinal effects are enhanced. It is complex and diverse in compositions of Platycodonis Radix so that has rich pharmacological activities. On the basis of sorting out the literature, this paper discusses the processing history, chemical composition and pharmacological effect of Platycodonis Radix, in order to provide reference for the special processing and modern research of Platycodonis Radix. Furtherly, it provides a theoretical basis for the research of its processing mechanism and quality control.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829011

ABSTRACT

Objective@#High PM concentration is the main feature of increasing haze in developing states, but information on its microbial composition remains very limited. This study aimed to determine the composition of microbiota in PM in Guangzhou, a city located in the tropics in China.@*Methods@#In Guangzhou, from March 5 to 10 , 2016, PM was collected in middle volume air samplers for 23 h daily. The 16S rDNA V4 region of the PM sample extracted DNA was investigated using high-throughput sequence.@*Results@#Among the Guangzhou samples, , , , , and were the dominant microbiota accounting for more than 90% of the total microbiota, and was the dominant gram-negative bacteria, accounting for 21.30%-23.57%. We examined the difference in bacterial distribution of PM between Beijing and Guangzhou at the genus level; was found in both studies, but was only detected in Guangzhou.@*Conclusion@#In conclusion, the diversity and specificity of microbial components in Guangzhou PM were studied, which may provide a basis for future pathogenicity research in the tropics.


Subject(s)
Air Microbiology , Air Pollutants , Bacteria , Classification , China , Cities , Environmental Monitoring , Microbiota , Particle Size , Particulate Matter , RNA, Bacterial , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828995

ABSTRACT

Pseudorabies virus (PRV), a veterinary pathogen that infects domestic animals as well as wild animals such as wild boar and feral swine, was recently reported to infect human and led to endophthalmitis and encephalitis. A retrospective seroepidemiologic survey was conducted using 1,335 serum samples collected from patients with encephalitis and ELISA positive rates were 12.16%, 14.25%, and 6.52% in 2012, 2013, and 2017, respectively. The virus neutralizing antibody titers of positive samples correlated well with ELISA results. The pseudorabies virus antibody positive rate of patients with encephalitis were higher than that of healthy people in 2017. The above results suggest that some undefined human encephalitis cases may be caused by PRV infection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Blood , China , Encephalitis , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Herpesvirus 1, Suid , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Pseudorabies , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Retrospective Studies , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Young Adult
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