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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1332-1335, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886902

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of different doses of aerobic exercise on the microvascular function of habitually sedentary college students.@*Methods@#A total of 69 students from Hubei Minzu University were recruited and divided into sports group A, sports group B and control group, with 23 students in each group (12 boys and 11 girls). The exercise group received 12 weeks of aerobic exercise intervention, in which group A exercised 1-2 times a week, group B exercised≥3 times a week, and the control group did not carry out any systematic sports. Microvascular response, Transcutaneous partial pressure of oxygen(TcpO 2), Nitric oxide, Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and En dothelin-1 (ET-1) were measured before and after the test.@*Results@#After the test, the microvascular reactivity showed group and time interaction( P <0.01), in which exercise group B was greater than that of control group and exercise group A ( P <0.01). There was no significant difference between exercise group A and control group ( P >0.05), but the percutaneous partial pressure of oxygen ( P =0.53) had no time interaction with other groups; NO( F =6.32) and NOS( F =7.91) had group and time interaction, in which exercise group B was greater than control group and exercise group A ( P <0.01), and there was no significant difference between exercise group A and control group ( P >0.05).@*Conclusion@#There is a "dose effect" relationship between aerobic exercise and microcirculatory blood perfusion and endogenous NO. Continuous aerobic exercise ≥3 times a week for 12 weeks improved microcirculatory blood perfusion and promoted endogenous NO production in sedentary college students, but doing aerobic exercise for 1-2 times a week had no significant effect on microcirculatory blood perfusion and endogenous NO.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903927

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of curcumin on brain hypoxicischemic(HI) damage in neonatal rats and whether the phosphoinositide 3-kinase(PI3K)/Akt/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway is involved.Brain HI damage models were established in neonatal rats, which received the followingtreatments: curcumin by intraperitoneal injection before injury, insulin-likegrowth factor 1 (IGF-1) by subcutaneous injection after injury, and VEGF by intracerebroventricularinjection after injury. This was followed by neurological evaluation,hemodynamic measurements, histopathological assessment, TUNEL assay,flow cytometry, and western blotting to assess the expression of p-PI3K, PI3K, p-Akt,Akt, and VEGF. Compared with rats that underwent sham operation, rats with brainHI damage showed remarkably increased neurological deficits, reduced right bloodflow volume, elevated blood viscosity and haematocrit, and aggravated cell damageand apoptosis; these injuries were significantly improved by curcumin pretreatment.Meanwhile, brain HI damage induced the overexpression of p-PI3K, p-Akt, and VEGF,while curcumin pretreatment inhibited the expression of these proteins. In addition,IGF-1 treatment rescued the curcumin-induced down-regulated expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt, and VEGF, and VEGF overexpression counteracted the inhibitory effectof curcumin on brain HI damage. Overall, pretreatment with curcumin protectedagainst brain HI damage by targeting VEGF via the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway inneonatal rats.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896223

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of curcumin on brain hypoxicischemic(HI) damage in neonatal rats and whether the phosphoinositide 3-kinase(PI3K)/Akt/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway is involved.Brain HI damage models were established in neonatal rats, which received the followingtreatments: curcumin by intraperitoneal injection before injury, insulin-likegrowth factor 1 (IGF-1) by subcutaneous injection after injury, and VEGF by intracerebroventricularinjection after injury. This was followed by neurological evaluation,hemodynamic measurements, histopathological assessment, TUNEL assay,flow cytometry, and western blotting to assess the expression of p-PI3K, PI3K, p-Akt,Akt, and VEGF. Compared with rats that underwent sham operation, rats with brainHI damage showed remarkably increased neurological deficits, reduced right bloodflow volume, elevated blood viscosity and haematocrit, and aggravated cell damageand apoptosis; these injuries were significantly improved by curcumin pretreatment.Meanwhile, brain HI damage induced the overexpression of p-PI3K, p-Akt, and VEGF,while curcumin pretreatment inhibited the expression of these proteins. In addition,IGF-1 treatment rescued the curcumin-induced down-regulated expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt, and VEGF, and VEGF overexpression counteracted the inhibitory effectof curcumin on brain HI damage. Overall, pretreatment with curcumin protectedagainst brain HI damage by targeting VEGF via the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway inneonatal rats.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846820

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the infection rate and genotype distribution of Enterocytoon (E.) bieneusi in farmed black goats from the Hainan Province, China. Methods: A total of 341 fresh fecal samples were collected from black goats farmed in five different locations of the Hainan Province, China. E. bieneusi was examined and genotyped through PCR and sequencing analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of this pathogen. Results: The average prevalence of E. bieneusi in black goats from from the five locations was 24.0% (82/341) ranging from 6.3% (4/63) to 37.2% (32/86) (χ2 =17.252, P<0.01). The detected 82 E. bieneusi isolates belonged to eight ITS genotypes including six known genotypes (AHG1, CHG2, CHG3, CHG5, CM21 and D) and two novel genotypes (HNG-Iand HNG-II). Amongst the genotypes, CHG5 was the the most prevalent with a prevalence of 57.3% (47/82), followed by CHG3 (28.0%, 23/82), CHG2 (4.9%, 4/82), CM21 (3.7%, 3/82), D (2.4%, 2/82), AHG1 (1.2%, 1/82), HNG-I(1.2%, 1/82) and HNG-II(1.2%, 1/82). In those genotypes, only genotype D was found in humans previously. Conclusions: This represents the first report identifying E. bieneusi in black goats from Hainan Province of China. The results indicate that E. bieneusi has a high prevalence and a wide distribution in those animals from Hainan Province, but the risk of zoonotic transmission of E. bieneusi from them to human is low.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818896

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current situation of soil-transmitted nematode infections and influencing factors of pupils in rural areas of Yi Ethnicity in Butuo County, Sichuan Province, so as to provide the evidence for the prevention and control of soil-transmitted nematode infections. Methods In 2016, the pupils of 2 villages in Butuo County were selected by the multi-stage random sampling method, and the relevant information was obtained by questionnaires, including social demographic information, diet and hygiene habits and acknowledge of parasitic disease prevention. The soil-transmitted nematode infections were examined by Kato-Katz technique. The results were statistically analyzed by the single factor analysis and multivariate logistic regression methods. Results A total of 160 pupils were investigated in this survey. The soil-transmitted nematodes included Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworm. The overall infection rate was 89.38%, and the multi-infection rate was 54.55%. The infection rates of A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura were higher. The infection densities were mild (75.68%) or moderate (22.97%). The logistic regression analysis showed that the protective factor of soil-transmitted nematode infections was the knowledge about correct diet and health habits notified by teachers (OR = 0.67), but the risk factor was drinking unboiled water (OR = 19.26). Conclusions The infection rate of nematodes is still high in the pupils in rural areas of Yi Ethnicity in Butuo County, Sichuan Province. Therefore, we should strengthen the prevention and control of soil-transmitted nematode infections, especially A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura infections, and mostly develop the teachers’function in health education.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818774

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current situation of soil-transmitted nematode infections and influencing factors of pupils in rural areas of Yi Ethnicity in Butuo County, Sichuan Province, so as to provide the evidence for the prevention and control of soil-transmitted nematode infections. Methods In 2016, the pupils of 2 villages in Butuo County were selected by the multi-stage random sampling method, and the relevant information was obtained by questionnaires, including social demographic information, diet and hygiene habits and acknowledge of parasitic disease prevention. The soil-transmitted nematode infections were examined by Kato-Katz technique. The results were statistically analyzed by the single factor analysis and multivariate logistic regression methods. Results A total of 160 pupils were investigated in this survey. The soil-transmitted nematodes included Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworm. The overall infection rate was 89.38%, and the multi-infection rate was 54.55%. The infection rates of A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura were higher. The infection densities were mild (75.68%) or moderate (22.97%). The logistic regression analysis showed that the protective factor of soil-transmitted nematode infections was the knowledge about correct diet and health habits notified by teachers (OR = 0.67), but the risk factor was drinking unboiled water (OR = 19.26). Conclusions The infection rate of nematodes is still high in the pupils in rural areas of Yi Ethnicity in Butuo County, Sichuan Province. Therefore, we should strengthen the prevention and control of soil-transmitted nematode infections, especially A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura infections, and mostly develop the teachers’function in health education.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751709

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer has the highest morbidity and mortality among malignant tumors in our country.The treatment researches related to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) such as targeted therapy and immunotherapy are the research hotspots in recent years.Nivolumab is the first programmed death-1 (PD-1)inhibitor which is allowed to enter clinical trials,and it is also the first approved drug for tumor immunotherapy in China.In June 2018,Nivolumab injection was marketed in China,and it was used in the second-line treatment for the patients with advanced NSCLC,opened up a new era of the lung cancer treatment in our country.Review the clinical research related to the Nivolumab and NSCLC,summarizing usage,dosage,adverse reactions,will provide a help for clinical application,bring more benefits for patients at the same time.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810543

ABSTRACT

In this study, 1 065 infants and young children aged 24 months below in ethnic minorities gathering in poor rural areas in poor rural areas of Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan Province and Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu Province were investigated for their anemia status from October to November 2014, and the association between anemia and the utilization of maternal and child health services was analyzed. The prevalence of anemia in this area was 52.68%(561/1 065). After the adjustment of socio-demographic characteristics of mothers and infants, compared with infants aged 2-5 months, Han ethnic group, and infants whose mother was not anemic, the OR(95%CI) values of infant anemia for infants aged 6-12 months, 13-8 months, 19-24 months, ethnic minorities group, and infants whose mother was anemic were 11.65 (7.09-19.14), 9.91 (5.99-16.38), 5.87 (3.39-10.16), 1.55 (1.10-2.18) and 1.52 (1.14-2.04), respectively; Compared with infants whose child examination times not up to standard, and who were not only non-hospital delivered but also received inadequate number of inoculation, the OR (95%CI) values of infant anemia for infants whose child examination times up to standard, and who were not only hospital delivered but also received adequate number of inoculation were 0.60 (0.38-0.94) and 0.71 (0.52-0.98), respectively. The infants anemia is associated with the utilization of maternal and child health services.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825803

ABSTRACT

Objective:To conduct in-depth study of the distribution and diversity of viruses in poultry is of great importance in monitoring the emergence of interspecies transmission of novel viruses that may cause epidemics with public health significance. Poultry is an economically important source of meat, eggs and feathers which plays an important role as natural reservoirs of many pathogenic viruses. Compared with wild animals, poultry have more frequent interactions and therefore opportunities to transmit their viruses to human.Methods:To study the viromes of different types of poultry in Hainan, China, we used metagenomics for deep viral nucleic acid sequencing of the faecal samples collected from chickens, ducks and pigeons from a live poultry market in Haikou.Result:The poultry viromes were identified by sequence similarity comparisons of viral reads (BLASTxE score, <5) against viral reference database. A total of 15 309 viral reads were obtained, approximately 13 063, 1 370 and 876 viral reads were generated from the chicken, duck, pigeon faecal samples, respectively. The majority of the sequences were homologous to the animal virus of Adenoviridae, Herpeaviridae, Picobirnaviridae, Reoviridae, Retroviridae, Circoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Astroviridae, Caliciviridae, Coronaviridae, Picornaviridae, and Orthomyxoviridae. The VP4 and VP7 segments of a pigeon rotavirus, similar to fox rotavirus in group A, were sequenced and phylogenetically analyzed. The near full genome of a pigeon circovirus was also analyzed.Conclusion:The major types of poultry in a Haikou harbor many different families of viruses in their feces which may have the potential for interspecies transmissions. Further studies should be conducted to identify the most prevalent and important viruses among a larger number of poultry in Haikou and other areas in Hainan.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825792

ABSTRACT

Objective:Torque teno virus(TTV), are reported in a wide range of mammals. In this study, we sequenced and analyzed the complete genome of a genetic variant of Rodent TTV, RoTTV3-HMU1 (Hainan Medical University). The virus was harbored by a Rattus norvegicus in the residential areas of Hainan Island, China.Methods:Torque Teno virus (TTV) was found widely distributed throughout the world infecting an extensively wide range of mammals .We extracted the viral DNA from a Rattus norvegicus liver which was caught from the residential areas of Hainan Island. Purifying the amplicons in the range of 250-500 bp. Then Five hundred nanograms DNA was subjected to high-throughput sequencing. The contigs were compared with the NCBI nucleiotide database, designed the primers to cover the genome by PCR amplification and amplicons of each PCR which have been cloned and sequenced. Finally the genome was annotated by using NCBI ORF finder and FGENESV0. Phylogenetic analysis was implemented by the neighbor-joining method in the MEGA6 software package.Results:We sequenced the complete genome of a genetic variant of Rodent TTV, RoTTV3- HMU1. The genomic sequence of RoTTV3-HMU1 has been deposited in GenBank under accession number MF688246.1. The complete genome of RoTTV3-HMU1 is 2 570 nucleotides (nt) in length with a G+C content of 46.93%. RoTTV3-HMU1 encoded 3 unidirectional overlapping open reading frames (ORF). Sequence analysis indicated that the genome of RoTTV3-HMU1 virus was most closely related to RN_2_15 (GenBank accession no. KM668486.1). Phylogenetic analysis based on both ORF1 and the total genome sequence placed RoTTV3-HMU1 in to the clad RoTTV3 of the RoTTV.Conclusions:Hainan Island faces mainland across the sea, however, the same genotype of RoTTV was identified in both Hainan Island and the other part of China. The detection of RoTTV3-HMU1 contributed to a better understanding about the origin and evolution of RoTTV.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825789

ABSTRACT

Objective:Microsporidia have been rapidly emerging as pathogens in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent humans. Enterocytozoon bieneusi (E. bieneusi) is the most common microsporidial species found in human. E. bieneusi has also been found in a wide range of animals and is considered to be a potentially important zoonotic pathogen. The epidemiological and genetic characterization of E. bieneusi among long-tailed macaques [Macaca fascicularis (M. fascicularis) is not fully understood. Here, we conducted the first molecular epidemiological investigation of E. bieneusi among M. fascicularis in Hainan Province, the southernmost part of China.Methods:A total of 193 fecal specimens of M. fascicularis were collected from a breeding base housing non-human primates for experimental use in Hainan Province, China. E. bieneusi was identified and genotyped by nested PCR analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the rRNA gene. Phylogenetic analysis was performed by constructing a neighboring-joining tree of the ITS gene sequences using MEGA6.Results:A total of 59 (30.6%) of the M. fascicularis were PCR-positive for E. bieneusi. All 59 samples were sequenced successfully and 16 ITS genotypes were identified. These included nine known genotypes: Type IV (n=19), D (n=11), CM1 (n=8), PigEBITS7 (n=4), Pongo2 (n=4), Peru 8 (n=3), Peru11 (n=1), WL21 (n=1) and CM2 (n=1). Additionally, seven novel genotypes named as HNM-I to HNM-VII (one each) were identified. Importantly, genotypes D, Type IV, Peru8, PigEBITS7, and Peru11, which were the predominant (38/59, 64.4%) genotypes identified among M. fascicularis in this study, are also well-known human-pathogenic genotypes. All the genotypes of E. bieneusi identified in this study, including the seven novel ones, belonged to zoonotic group 1.Conclusions:This is the first report of the identification of E. bieneusi in M. fascicularis in Hainan Province, China. The findings of numerous known human-pathogenic types and seven novel genotypes (HNM-I to HNM-VII) of E. bieneusi all belong to zoonotic group 1 indicate the possibility of transmission of this important pathogenic parasite between M. fascicularis and humans.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712719

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To summarize Professor YU Jingmao's experience for the treatment of capillary bronchitis based on syndrome differentiation with traditional Chinese medicine. [Methods]By studying and following Professor YU Jingmao to diagnose,this paper discusses Professor YU's academic views and clinical experience of diagnosis and treatment of capillary bronchitis respectively from the aspects such as etiology and pathogenesis, and treatment based on syndrome differentiation.It expounds the characteristics of his prescription and also gives proven cases. [Result]Professor YU Jingmao proposes that the pathogenesis of capillary bronchitis is mainly the affection by exopathoge and physical weakness resulting to qi stagnation and phlegmatic hygrosis. The method of dispelling wind, reducing phlegm, depressing qi and relieving asthma was used for the treatment at the asthmatic phase; the method of clearing lung, eliminating phlegm, invigorating spleen and supplementing qi was adopted at the lag phase; the method of tonifying the lung and spleen, drying damp and eliminating phlegm was utilized at the recovery phase.[Conclusion]It's worth learning from Professor YU Jingmao's unique understanding of treatment of infantile capillary bronchitis based on syndrome differentiation and phased treatment and his component of tonification and purgation in combination and strengthening the vital qi.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 377-384, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711121

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBP) on oxidative stress in renal tissue of rats with renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF).Methods The RIF rat model was established by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO).A total of 108 specified pathogen free (SPF) class healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into sham operation group,UUO model group and treatment group.The treatment group was further divided into low,medium and high dose of LBP groups and benazapril group.From the next day of the operation,the rats were given continuous intragastric administration for 3 weeks.The LBP low,medium and high dose groups were given 400,600,800 mg · kg1 · d-1 LBP,respectively.The benazapril group was administered with 1.05 mg · kg-1 · d-1 benazepril hydrochloride.The sham operation group and UUO model group were daily fed normal saline solution by gavage.Six rats were sacrificed randomly at 7,14 and 21 days after operation.Their blood samples were collected to detect the serum creatinine (Scr) and the kidney organ index was calculated.The pathological changes on the surgical side were observed by both HE staining and Masson staining.Meanwhile,the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the renal tissue were detected by colorimetry detection.The expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) protein was detected by immunohistochemical staining and the expression of TGF-β1 mRNA was detected by real time PCR.Results (1) Compared with the sham group,the Scr and kidney organ index of the UUO model group and treatment groups increased at each time point (all P < 0.05).Compared with the UUO model group,the kidney organ index of LBP low dose group in the 7th days,the LBP medium and high dose group in the 21st days as well as benazapril group in the 7th and 21st days were significantly lower (all P < 0.05).(2) Renal pathological change:compared with the sham operation group,both the renal tubular interstitial injury index and collagen positive area of the else groups were higher at each time point (all P < 0.05).Compared with the UUO group,the tubulointerstitial injury index and collagen staining positive area of LBP dose groups and benazapril group significantly decreased at different time points (all P < 0.05).(3) Compared with the sham group,in renal tissue of the other groups the level of MDA increased,SOD level decreased,while the expressions of TGF-1 mRNA and protein increased (all P < 0.05).Compared with the UUO model group,LBP low,medium and high dose group as well as benazapril group had lower MDA level,higher SOD level as well as lower expressions of TGF-1 mRNA and protein at each time point (all P < 0.05).Conclusions The pathological injury in UUO rats can be improved by the LBP.The LBP can alleviate the oxidative stress status of the kidney tissue by decreasing MDA and increasing SOD.The further study on the LBP delaying the progression of RIF is to be conducted.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716277

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficiency of spectral computed tomography (CT) optimal monochromatic images in improving imaging quality of liver vessels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The imaging data of 35 patients with abdominal CT angiography were retrospectively analyzed. Hepatic arteries, portal veins, and hepatic veins were reconstructed with mixed energy (quality check, QC), 70 keV and optimal monochromatic mode. Comparative parameters were analyzed including CT value, image noise (IN), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and subjective qualitative analysis. RESULTS: The optimal monochromatic value for assessment of the common hepatic artery, portal vein, and hepatic vein ranged between 49 keV and 53 keV, with a mean of 51 keV. There were statistically significant differences (p < 0.001) among the optimal monochromatic, 70 keV and QC images with regards to the hepatic vascular CT value, IN, CNR, SNR, and subjective qualitative score. CNR of the common hepatic artery in the optimal monochromatic, 70 keV and QC groups was 24.6 ± 10.9, 18.1 ± 8.3, and 11.6 ± 4.6, respectively (p < 0.001) with subjective scores of 4.7 ± 0.2, 4.0 ± 0.3, and 3.6 ± 0.4, respectively (p < 0.001). CNR of the hepatic portal vein was 6.9 ± 2.7, 4.3 ± 1.9, and 3.0 ± 2.1, respectively (p < 0.001) with subjective scores of 4.5 ± 0.3, 3.9 ± 0.4, and 3.3 ± 0.3, respectively (p < 0.001). CNR of the hepatic vein was 5.7 ± 2.3, 4.2 ± 1.9, and 2.7 ± 1.4, respectively with subjective scores of 4.3 ± 0.3, 3.8 ± 0.4, and 3.2 ± 0.3, respectively (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Optimal monochromatic images can lead to improvement in the imaging parameters and optimization of the image quality of the common hepatic artery, hepatic portal vein and hepatic vein compared with conventional mixed kV and with 70 keV datasets.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Dataset , Hepatic Artery , Hepatic Veins , Humans , Liver , Noise , Portal Vein , Retrospective Studies , Signal-To-Noise Ratio , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813142

ABSTRACT

To determine the impact of Cysticercus cellulose (C. cellulose) infection on mental health among school-aged children in Tibetan agricultural areas of Sichuan Province.
 Methods: In October 2015, all primary schools located in Tibetan agricultural areas in Yajiang, Ruoergai, and Muli county of Sichuan Province were selected as the research sites. All school-aged children at five- and six-grade were enrolled for the study by a multistage stratified cluster sampling method. Antibodies against C. cellulose were detected. Mental Health Test and questionnaire survey were conducted for school-aged children to collect data. The impact of C. cellulose infection on mental health among school-aged children was analyzed with the multilevel linear regression.
 Results: A total of 2 453 school-aged children were investigated. The C. cellulose seropositive rate was 6.03% (148/2 453). There were 0.16% (4/2 453) patients with seropositive accompanied by seizure, 2.28% (56/2 453) with seropositive accompanied by headache, 2.08% (51/2 453) with seropositive accompanied by frequent weak, and 0.41% (10/2 453) were seropositive accompanied by frequent nausea. The rate of C. cellulose infection was 4.53% (111/2 453). The mean score of the mental health test was 6.59±2.61. There were significant difference in score of mental health test in children whose demographic characteristics were different. The mental health scores of school-aged children were clustered at the school level. After controlling the factors of demographic characteristics, the result of multilevel model demonstrated that the factor of school-aged children with C. cellulose seropositive accompanied by headache was statistically significant (β=1.14, P=0.017).
 Conclusion: The status of C. cellulose infection among school-aged children in Tibetan agricultural areas is not optimistic. C. cellulose infection has impacted on mental health of local school-aged children. It is necessary to strengthen the prevention and control of C. cellulose infection in epidemic area.


Subject(s)
Animals , Child , Cysticercosis , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Cysticercus , Humans , Mental Health , Neurodevelopmental Disorders , Epidemiology , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Tibet , Epidemiology
16.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 20-26, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665261

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the molecular mechanism of luteolin-regulated epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in non-small cell lung cancer. Methods Firstly,the potential target of luteolin was studied by molecular docking.The effect of luteolin on EMT markers was analyzed,and then molecular biology experiments were used to verify the results. Results The result of molecular docking showed that luteolin had a good docking effect on the integrin family,of which the lowest binding energy was -15.11 in docking with Integrin αIIbβ3.The result of flow cytometry showed that luteolin could down-regulate the expression of integrin induced by hypoxia. Conclusion Luteolin can regulate integrin expression,which suggested that luteolin can regulate EMT through integrin.This conclusion may provide new methods in prevention of tumor metastasis for traditional Chinese medicine.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702517

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of respiratory training on sleep breathing parameters in cerebral infarction patients complicated with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome(OSAS). Methods From March 1st,2016 to August 30th,2017,60 young and middle-aged patients with cerebral infarction in bas-al ganglia complicated with OSAS in Wenzhou Hospital were divided into control group and respiratory training group with 30 cases in each group.All subjects underwent clinical data registration,and received conventional treatment and rehabilitation.The respiratory training group accepted manual respiratory training in addition,once a day,five times a week,for eight weeks.Before and after treatment,they were monitored to access apnea-hypop-nea index(AHI),maximum oral pressure,average oxyhemoglobin saturation(SaO2),the lowest SaO2,the oxygen desaturation index,duration of lowest SaO2,and time percentages of SaO2<90% and<80%. Results After treatment,the AHI,the maximum oral pressure,the average SaO2,the lowest SaO2and the time percentage of SaO2<90% were better in the respiratory training group than in the control group(t>3.086,P<0.01). Conclusion Respiratory training could improve the respiratory function, reduce the airway resistance, and relieve the nocturnal sleep apnea symptom. It may be one of the rehabilitation methods for brain injury complicated with OSAS.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697485

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effects of 4 gingival retraction methods. Methods: 48 premolars were selected from 12 periodontal healthy volunteers and were randomly divided into 4 groups(n = 12 teeth) and treated with different gingival retraction methods: Ultrapak E(group UL) and three kinds of cordless gingival retraction, including Expasy1 (group EX), Astringent Retraction Paste (group AS) and Racegel(group RA). Perfusing plaster models were prapaired after useing putty-wash impression technique. A 3D digital model was reconstructed by a 3-shape model scanner for each patient. Data were collected before and after gingival retraction and analysed by the Geomagic Studio 2013 in the mesial, middle, and distal sides of the selected teeth. Results: Effective width of gingival retraction were all obtained in the 4 groups. The most effective effects were observed in group UL, followed by group EX, group AS and group RA, among the groups, F = 1 114. 4, P< 0. 000 1. Conclusion: Cordless gingival retraction technic can achieve effective gingival retraction.

19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1097-1100, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301770

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of metformin on proliferation and apoptosis in multiple myeloma cell line RPMI8226 and U266, and to clarify the molecular mechanism of proliferation inhibition and apoptosis induced by metformin.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>RPMI8226, U266 cells were treated with 0, 5, 10, 20, 40, 80 mmol/L of metformin for 24, 48 and 72 hours, then the inhibition rate was detected by CCK-8; RPMI8226 cells were treated with 0, 10, 20, 40 mmol/L of metformin for 48 hours, the apoptosis rates were detected by flow cytometry with Annexin-V-FITC/PI double staining; RPMI8226 cells were treated with 0, 5, 10, 20 mmol/L of metformin for 48 hours, the expressions of Caspase-3, PARP, STAT3, p-STAT3, BCL-2, Cyclin D1 and P21 were detected by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The inhibition rate increased in RPMI8226 and U266 cells treated with metformin in the dose- (r=0.982, r=0.967, P<0.05) and time-dependent (r=0.956, r=0.962, P<0.05) manner; the apoptosis rate increased(r=0.976, P<0.05) in RPMI8226 cells treated with metformin; it also was found that procaspase-3 was degraded and PARP was cleaved when treated with metformin. Proliferation inhibition and apoptosis of RPMI8226 cells were related with inhibition of STAT3 phosphorylation, down-regulation of BCL-2 and Cyclin D1, and up-regulation of P21.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Metformin can inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of RPMI8226 and U266 cell lines, which may be related to down-regulation of STAT3 signal transduction pathway.</p>

20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1397-1405, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301717

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of mTOR inhibitor rapamycin on proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of Burkitt's lymphoma cell line Raji and CA46 cells and its mechanism, so as to provide the experimental evidence for a therapeutic target of Burkitt's lymphoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide(MTT) assay was performed to assess the inhibitory effect of rapamycin on proliferation of Burkitt's lymphoma cell line Raji and CA46 cells. The cell cycle distribution of Raji and CA46 cells was analyzed by flow cytometry with propidium iodide(PI) single staining. The cell apoptosis of Raji and CA46 cells was analyzed by flow cytometry with FITC Annexin V+PI double staining. The expressions of RPS6, p-RPS6, survivin and caspase-3 proteins were detected by Western blot after treating with rapamycin.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Rapamycin markedly inhibited the proliferation of both Raji and CA46 cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manners, showing good biological activity, the cell proliferation inhibition rate reached about 20% after treatment with 1 nmol/L rapamycin. After treatment with different concentrations of rapamycin for 24 and 48 hours, the proportion of both cells in G/Gphase in the treated groups was significantly increased in a time- and concentration-dependent manners in comparison with the solvent control group. With regard to the cells in S and G/M phase, the decreased population was accompanied by the increase of G/Gphase cells. After treatment with 100 nmol/L rapamycin for 48 hours, both Raji and CA46 cells demonstrated an apparent apoptosis,especially late apoptosis by flow cytometry with Annexin V+PI staining. After treatment with rapamycin, the expression of p-RPS6 and survivin of Raji and CA46 cells was obviously down-regulated, the expression of caspase-3 was obviously up-regulated in a time- and dose-dependent manners. However, rapamycin did not obviously affect the expression of RPS6.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The rapamycin can effectively inhibit cell proliferation, arrest Raji and CA46 cells in G/Gphase, and this effect associates with inhibiting the activation of mTOR/RPS6 signal pathway through down-regulating the expression of phosphorylated RPS6, i.e. mTOR downstream signal pathway. It also can induce apoptosis by down-regulating the expression of anti-apoptotic protein survivin and activating the intrinsic pro-apoptotic protein caspase-3.</p>

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