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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885987

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of herb-partitioned moxibustion and ginger-partitioned moxibustion on the growth of colon tumors in rats with colitis-associated colon cancer (CACC), and explore the mechanism of moxibustion intervening CACC through the purinergic receptor P2X ligand-gated ion channel 7 (P2X7R)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway. Methods: A total of 26 male Sprague-Dawley rats were selected. According to the random number table method, 6 rats were selected as the normal group. The remaining 20 rats were injected intraperitoneally with azoxymethane (AOM) combined with oral dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) to prepare the CACC model. After the model was successfully established, 2 rats were randomly selected for model identification. The remaining 18 rats which were successfully modeled were randomly divided into a model group, a herb-partitioned moxibustion group and a ginger-partitioned moxibustion group, with 6 rats in each group. Moxibustion intervention was performed in the herb-partitioned moxibustion group and the ginger-partitioned moxibustion group at Qihai (CV 6) and bilateral Tianshu (ST 25). Moxibustion was performed twice at each point each time, once a day, at a 1-day interval after 6 consecutive interventions, for a total of 30 interventions. After intervention, the colon tumor load, pathological change and histopathological score were observed. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expressions of VEGF, P2X7R, phospho-STAT3 (p-STAT3), and nuclear factor-kappa B p65 (NF-κB p65) proteins in rat colon tissue. Western blot was used to detect the levels of p-STAT3 and NF-κB p65 proteins in rat colon tissue. Results: Compared with the normal group, the colon tumor load and histopathological score in the model group were significantly increased (both P<0.001), and different grades of dysplasia were observed in colon tissue from the model group, reaching the degree of adenocarcinoma; the expression level of P2X7R protein in colon tissue was significantly decreased (P<0.001), and the expression levels of p-STAT3, NF-κB p65 and VEGF proteins were significantly increased (all P<0.001) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the colon tumor load, colon histopathological score and the levels of p-STAT3, NF-κB p65 and VEGF proteins in colon tissue were significantly decreased (all P<0.05) in the herb-partitioned moxibustion group and the ginger-partitioned moxibustion group while the expression levels of P2X7R protein in colon tissue were significantly increased (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Both herb-partitioned moxibustion and ginger-partitioned moxibustion can reduce the colon tumor load in CACC rats and delay the progression of colon adenomas. The mechanism may be mediated by the P2X7R/STAT3 pathway to inhibit STAT3 phosphorylation, thereby reducing VEGF protein expression.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885977

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of herb-partitioned moxibustion (HPM) on tight junctions (TJs) of intestinal epithelial cells in Crohn disease (CD) mediated by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)-myosin-light- chain kinase (MLCK) pathway. Methods: Forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a normal control (NC) group, a model control (MC) group, an HPM group and a mesalazine (MESA) group, with 12 rats in each group. Trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) was administered to establish CD models. When the model was confirmed a success, the HPM group rats were treated with HPM at Tianshu (ST 25) and Qihai (CV 6), while the MESA group rats were given MESA solution by lavage. When the intervention finished, the colonic epithelial tissues were separated, purified and cultured in each group to establish the intestinal epithelial barrier model in vitro, and TNF-α was added (100 ng/mL) in the culture medium and maintained for 24 h to establish an increased epithelial permeability model. Transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) was used to examine the permeability of the barrier; Western blot was used to observe the expressions of the proteins related to TJs of intestinal epithelial cells mediated by TNF-α-NF-κB-MLCK pathway; immunofluorescence staining was used to observe the expressions and distributions of tight junction proteins in the intestinal epithelium. Results: After TNF-α induction, compared with the MC+TNF-α group, the TEER value increased significantly in the HPM+TNF-α and MESA+TNF-α groups (both P<0.001); the expressions of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65, MLCK, myosin light chain (MLC), tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) and receptor interaction protein-1 (RIP1) decreased significantly (P<0.01 or P<0.05), and the expression of zinc finger protein A20 (A20) increased significantly (P<0.01); the expressions of occludin, claudin-1, zonula occludens protein 1 (ZO-1) and F-actin also increased significantly (all P<0.01). Compared with the MESA+TNF-α group, the expressions of MLC, occludin, claudin-1, ZO-1 and F-actin increased significantly in the HPM+TNF-α group (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Conclusion: HPM can protect or repair the damage of intestinal epithelial barrier in CD rats, which may be achieved through modulating the abnormal TJs in intestinal epithelium mediated by TNF-α-NF-κB-MLCK pathway.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912874

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the mechanism of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion in Crohn disease (CD) treatment by observing the effect of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion on protein expressions of colonic M2 macrophage marker CD206, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) 2. Methods: Twenty-six specific pathogen free male rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group and a herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group. The CD model was prepared by enema with the mixture of 5% (W/V) 2,4,6- trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) and 50% ethanol at 2:1 (volume ratio). After the model was successfully prepared, rats in the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group received herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion at Qihai (CV 6) and bilateral Tianshu (ST 25). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the histopathological changes of rat colon; immunohistochemical technique was used to detect the expression of colonic CD206 protein; Western blot, immunofluorescence, and real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) technologies were used to detect the protein and mRNA expressions of colonic AMPK and TSC2. Results: Compared with the normal group, rats in the model group showed damaged colonic mucosa, missing of the epithelial layer, thickened submucosa, vascular proliferation, massive infiltration of monocytes and lymphocytes, and cracked ulcers that reached the muscle layer. Rats in the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group showed reduced intestinal inflammation and healing intestinal epithelium ulcers. Compared with the normal group, rat colonic CD206 protein expression, and the protein and mRNA expressions of colonic AMPK and TSC2 were decreased in the model group (all P<0.01); compared with the model group, rat colonic CD206 protein expression was increased (P<0.01), as well as the protein and mRNA expressions of AMPK and TSC2 in the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion can reduce intestinal inflammation in CD rats, increase colonic CD206 protein expression, and up-regulate the protein and mRNA expressions of colonic AMPK and TSC2.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912863

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect of mild moxibustion on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) visceral hyperalgesiamodel rats and its regulatory effect on P2X3 receptors in the spinal cord, anterior cingutate cortex (ACC) and thalamic ventral posterolateral nucleus (VPL). Methods: Thirty 8-day-old newborn rats were randomly divided into a normal group (n=6) and a modeling group (n=24) according to the completely random number table method. Rats in the normal group were bred routinely, and those in the modeling group were subjected to preparing IBS chronic visceral hyperalgesia model using colorectal distention (CRD) in stimulation method. Rats successfully modelled were re-divided into a model group, a mild moxibustion group, a P2X3 receptor antagonist group, and a normal saline group according to the completely random number table method with 6 rats in each group. Rats in each group received corresponding interventions from the 37-day old, once a day for 7 consecutive days. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot assays were used to detect P2X3 protein expressions in the spinal cord, ACC and VPL of rats. Results: Under different intensities of CRD stimulation, the abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) scores of the model group were significantly increased versus the normal group (all P<0.05); the AWR scores of the mild moxibustion group and the P2X3 receptor antagonist group were significantly reduced versus the model group (all P<0.01). The P2X3 protein expressions in rat spinal cord, ACC and VPL tissues of the model group were significantly increased versus the normal group (all P<0.01); the P2X3 protein expressions in rat spinal cord, ACC and VPL tissues of the mild moxibustion group and the P2X3 receptor antagonist group were significantly reduced versus the model group (all P<0.01). Conclusion: Mild moxibustion can inhibit the P2X3 receptor expressions in the spinal cord, ACC, and VPL tissues of IBS visceral hyperalgesia model rats, which may be the mechanism of mild moxibustion in relieving the central sensitization of rats with IBS visceral hyperalgesia.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877542

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture-moxibustion on negative emotions and plasma tryptophan (Trip)-kynurenine (Kyn) metabolism in the patients with Crohn's disease (CD) at the mild and moderate active stage.@*METHODS@#A total of 66 CD patients were randomized into an observation group (33 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (33 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the observation group, acupuncture was applied in combination with moxibustion. In the control group, the sham-acupuncture was used in combination with sham-moxibustion. In both of the observation group and the control group, acupuncture was applied to Zhongwan (CV 12), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Gongsun (SP 4), Hegu (LI 4), Quchi (LI 11), Taixi (KI 3) and Taichong (LR 3), and moxibustion was applied to Tianshu (ST 25) and Zusanli (ST 36). The treatment was given once every two days, 3 times a week, totally for 12 weeks. Separately, before and after treatment, the score of the hospital anxiety-depression scale (HADS) and the score of intestinal core symptoms (degree of abdominal pain and frequency of diarrhea) were observed in the patients of the two groups. The concentration of plasma indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) and the ratios of Kyn/Trp, QuinA/Kyn, KynA/Kyn and KynA/QuinA were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with before treatment, the scores of HADS-A and HADS-D in the observation group and the score of HADS-A in the control group were all reduced after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture and moxibustion relieve the negative emotions of anxiety and depression in CD patients at mild and moderate active stage, which is probably related to the regulation of plasma Trp-Kyn metabolic pathway.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Crohn Disease/therapy , Emotions , Humans , Moxibustion , Plasma , Treatment Outcome , Tryptophan
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1055-1059, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921008

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the literature of acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in the recent 5 years, and discuss the spectrum and indications of acupuncture and moxibustion.@*METHODS@#The literature on acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in CNKI, Wanfang and VIP databases from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019 was searched, summarized and analyzed, and the disease spectrum was summarized. At the same time, the literature from 2015 to 2019 (group A), 1978 to 2005 (group B), and 1949 to 2005 (group C) was compared, and the indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy were summarized.@*RESULTS@#There were 32 011 articles on acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in the recent 5 years, including 377 kinds of indications. These indications can be mostly classified as neurology (9384), orthopedics and traumatology (7765), gastroenterology (3529) and obstetrics and gynecology (2283). The types of diseases were mostly gastroenterology (52 types), neurology (47 types), ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology (47 types), and obstetrics and gynecology (42 types). The first-class indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy in the recent 5 years were hemiplegia, lumbar disc herniation, cervical spondylosis, knee osteoarthritis, insomnia, constipation and cerebrovascular diseases; the second-class were facial neuritis, shoulder pain and headache; the third-class were dysphagia, dysmenorrhea and depression; the forth-class were asthma, urinary retention, cerebral palsy, hypertension, dementia, side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, infertility, allergic rhinitis, vertigo, shoulder-hand syndrome, diabetic neuropathy, herpes zoster, pain, hiccup, diarrhea, lumbar sprain and sciatica.@*CONCLUSION@#Although the disease spectrum and indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy have changed to some extent in the recent 5 years, neurology and orthopedics and traumatology are still predominant, and the observation objects tend to transition from symptoms to diseases.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Bibliometrics , Dysmenorrhea , Female , Humans , Moxibustion
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756699

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe whether the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on improving sex hormone disorders and follicle development is by decreasing the expression of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) in rats with experimental polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).Methods:Forty rats were randomly divided into four groups,a normal group (NG),a model group (MG),an EA at acupoints group (EAAG),and an EA at non-acupoints group (EANAG),with 10 rats in each group.The rats in the EAAG and EANAG were intervened by EA treatment for consecutive 14 d.Zhongji (CV 3) and Guanyuan (CV 4) were selected as the acupoints in the EAAG,and the tip of the tail and 1 cm up from the tail tip were selected as the non-acupoints in the EANAG.After treatment,the histomorphological changes of the ovary,the levels of aromatase P450 (P450arom),testosterone and estradiol in the ovarian tissues,and the expressions of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and AMH were observed.Results:After treatment,compared with the MG and EANAG,the expression of AMH decreased (P<0.05),the levels of P450arom and estradiol increased significantly,and the level of testosterone decreased significantly (all P<0.01) in the EAAG.Additionally,several normal follicles were present and the number of cystically dilated follicles decreased in the EAAG.Compared with the MG and EANAG,the EAAG obviously had more follicular granulosa cells.Conclusion:EA can down-regulate the abnormally increased expression of AMH to improve sex hormone disorders and follicle development in PCOS rats.

8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1141-1145, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776199

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of acupuncture method for mild cognitive impairment in the elderly.@*METHODS@#A total of 96 patients were randomly divided into an observation group, a control group and a waiting group, 32 cases in each group. The patients in the observation group were treated with acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Shenting (GV 24), Yintang (GV 29) and Sishencong (EX-HN 1), etc, while the patients in the control group were treated with nonpenetrating sham acupuncture at the same acupoints as the observation group. The treatment was given once every other day, three times a week for 8 weeks. The patients in the waiting group only received health guidance for 8 weeks. Montreal cognitive assessment scale (MoCA) and mini-mental state examination (MMSE) were used before and after 8-week treatment in all three groups. The observation group and the control group were followed up for 2 months and evaluated with MoCA and MMSE.@*RESULTS@#The MoCA scores in the observation group after treatment and during follow-up were higher than before treatment (0.05). The MoCA scores in the control group after treatment and during follow-up were higher than before treatment (0.05). The difference before and after treatment in the observation group was higher than the control group and waiting group (0.05). The MMSE scores after treatment and during follow-up were higher than before treatment in the control group (0.05). The difference before and after treatment the observation group and control group was not significant (>0.05), and those in the two groups were higher than the waiting group (<0.01). The difference between follow-up and before treatment in the observation group was higher than the control group (<0.01), and the difference between follow-up and after treatment was lower than the control group (<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@# acupuncture method could improve cognitive impairment in elderly patients with mild cognitive impairment.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Aged , Cognitive Dysfunction , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Male , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695881

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of Jie Yu Tong Fu (anti-depression and unblocking Fu-organs) needling in treating depression coupled with constipation. Method Sixty-four eligible patients with depression accompanied by constipation were recruited and randomized into a treatment group and a control group at 1:1. Each group had 2 dropout cases, and finally there were 30 complete cases in each group. The treatment group was intervened by Jie Yu Tong Fu needling by selecting Baihui (GV20), Yintang (GV29), Shenmen (HT7), Neiguan (PC6), Hegu (LI4), Sanyinjiao (SP6), Taichong (LR3), Tianshu (ST25), Zusanli (ST36) and Shangjuxu (ST37); the control group was intervened by sham acupuncture. The two groups were treated 3 times a week, for successive 8 weeks, 24 sessions in total. The two groups were evaluated by adopting Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) and Patient Assessment of Constipation-Symptoms (PAC-SYM) before the intervention, after 4-week and 8-week intervention, and 4 weeks after the whole intervention. Result Before the intervention, there were no significant between-group differences in the scores of HMAD, HAMA and PAC-SYM (P>0.05). The treatment group showed significant improvements in HAMD, HAMA and PAC-SYM scores after 4-week and 8-week treatment, as well as in the 4-week follow-up study compared to the scores before the treatment, and the improvements were more significant than those in the control group (P<0.01,P<0.05). The total effective rate was 90.0% in the treatment group, versus 66.7% in the control group. Conclusion Jie Yu Tong Fu needling can effectively ameliorate the depression and anxiety state and constipation-related symptoms in depression patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735155

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the meridian and acupoint-selection patterns in acupuncture-moxibustion treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) by data mining technique,for exploring acupoints that could be effective for PCOS and providing suggestion and reference in selecting acupoints for the acupuncture-moxibustion treatment of PCOS.Methods:Literatures related to the acupuncture-moxibustion treatment of PCOS published before April 2018 were collected.By a self-made data mining program developed using Microsoft Excel 2007,a database of acupuncture-moxibustion treatment of PCOS was then established.The correlation analysis was performed for the frequency of use of acupoints and acupoint groups.Cluster analysis was also conducted.Results:A total of 92 articles were recruited finally.Sanyinjiao (SP 6),Conception Vessel and chest-abdomen region ranked the top on the list of the most frequently used acupoints,meridians and regions,respectively.Correlation analysis showed that the acupoint group with the highest confidence was Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Zusanli (ST 36),and the group with the highest support was Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Guanyuan (CV 4).Cluster analysis revealed five effective clusters:Guanyuan (CV 4) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6);Zhongwan (CV 12) and Tianshu (ST 25);Zhongji (CV 3),Zusanli (ST 36) and Qihai (CV 6);Xuehai (SP 10),Shenshu (BL 23),Taichong (LR 3) and Guilai (ST 29);Ganshu (BL 18),Taixi (KI 3),Yinlingquan (SP 9) and Pishu (BL 20).Conclusion:According to the confidence and support report,Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Zusanli (ST 36) or Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Guanyuan (CV 4) are recommended in acupuncture-moxibustion treatment of PCOS,with adjunct points selected for different patterns,e.g.Zhongwan (CV 12) and Tianshu (ST 25) for tonifying spleen and expelling dampness;Zhongji (CV 3) and Qihai (CV 6) for supplementing qi and cultivating blood;Xuehai (SP 10),Shenshu (BL 23),Taichong (LR 3) and Guilai (ST 29) for tonifying kidney and dissolving stasis;Ganshu (BL 18),Taixi (KI 3),Yinlingquan (SP 9) and Pishu (BL 20) for tonifying kidney and spleen and regulating liver.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687909

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) and mild-warm moxibustion (Mox) therapies for constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (C-IBS) patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty C-IBS patients were assigned to 2 groups by simple randomized method, i.e. EA group (30 cases) and Mox group (30 cases). Both EA and Mox treatments were performed on bilateral Tianshu (ST 25) and Shangjuxu (ST 37) for 30 min each time, 6 times per week, for 4 consecutive weeks. The gastrointestinal symptoms and psychological symptoms of the two groups were scored before and after treatment. The effects on the corresponding functional brain areas, namely the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), insular cortex (IC) and prefrontal cortex (PFC) were observed by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the Mox group, greater improvements in abdominal distension, defecation frequency, diffificulty in defecation and stool features were observed in the EA group (all P<0.01), both Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale scores were signifificantly decreased in the EA group (all P<0.01). Finally, decreased activated voxel values were observed in the ACC, right IC and PFC brain regions of EA group with 150 mL colorectal distension stimulation (P<0.05 or P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Both EA and Mox could signifificantly improve some of the most intrusive symptoms of C-IBS patients, and EA was more effective than Mox. The therapeutic effect of these two therapies might through modulating of the brain-gut axis function. (Registration No. ChiCTRTRC-11001349).</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Brain , Constipation , Therapeutics , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Therapeutics , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Moxibustion , Pain Measurement , Rectum , Sensory Thresholds , Physiology
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287175

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) and moxibustion therapies on patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 60 D-IBS patients were randomly allocated to the EA group (30 cases) and moxibustion group (30 cases). Before and after treatment, the gastrointestinal symptoms and psychological symptoms were scored by Visual Analogue Scale, Bristol Stool Form Scale, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA), and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD); the expressions of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), 5-HT3 receptor (5-HT3R), and 5-HT4 receptor (5-HT4R) in the sigmoid mucosal tissue were measured by immunohistochemical staining. Additionally, the effects on the functional brain areas of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), insular cortex (IC) and prefrontal cortex (PFC) were observed by functional magnetic resonance imaging.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with before treatment, both EA and moxibustion groups reported significant improvements in abdominal pain and abdominal bloating after treatment (P<0.01 or P<0.05). The moxibustion group reported greater improvements in defecation emergency, defecation frequency, and stool feature than the EA group (P<0.01). Both HAMA and HAMD scores were significantly decreased in the moxibustion group than in the EA group (P<0.01). Both groups demonstrated significantly reduced expressions of 5-HT, 5-HT3R and 5-HT4R in the colonic mucosa after treatment (P<0.01), with a greater reduction of 5-HT in the moxibustion group (P<0.05). Finally, decreased activated voxel values were observed in the left IC, right IC and PFC brain regions of patients in the moxibustion group under stimulation with 150 mL colorectal distension after treatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01), while in the EA group only PFC area demonstrated a reduction (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Moxibustion can significantly improve the symptoms of D-IBS, suggesting that moxibustion may be a more effective therapy than EA for D-IBS patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Anxiety , Brain , Physiology , Cerebral Cortex , Colon, Sigmoid , Chemistry , Depression , Diarrhea , Electroacupuncture , Gastrointestinal Tract , Physiology , Gyrus Cinguli , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Intestinal Mucosa , Chemistry , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Psychology , Therapeutics , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Moxibustion , Pain Measurement , Prefrontal Cortex , Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT3 , Serotonin
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247061

ABSTRACT

The universality of anti-inflammation in moxibustion is analyzed in this article from its adaptation disease and ancient documentary records. The specificity of anti-inflammation in moxibustion is pointed out from its disease series research and scientific fact that moxibustion could be used for heat syndrome. The integrity of anti-inflammation in moxibustion is explained by series research result that four basic circulations of moxibustion for chronic inflammation are all effective. The two-way characteristic of moxibustion anti-inflammation is explained from the fact that moxibustion has regulation function both for excess and insufficiency of inflammation to demonstrate the effect mechanism of warming-dredging in moxibustion lies in its anti-inflammation. At last, the relevant possible mechanism between moxibustion anti-inflammation and transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) is proposed. The effect mechanism of warming-dredging in moxibustion lies in anti-inflammation, which could provide theoretic basis for prevention and treatment of moxibustion for serious diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Inflammation , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Moxibustion , Methods , TRPV Cation Channels , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309273

ABSTRACT

The close relationship between acupoint and therapeutic efficacy of acupuncture-moxibustion is the basis for acupuncture-moxibustion to achieve the treatment effect. Crucial factors that affect the efficacy of acupuncture-moxibustion therapy should include the features and compatibility of acupoints, acquirement for needling response, reinforcing-reducing needling methods, stimulation methods and intensity, and so on. How to make good use of acupoint to enhance the clinical efficacy of acupuncture-moxibustion is one of the key and urgent scientific problems in the field of acupuncture-moxibustion. In this paper the relationship between acupoint and therapeutic efficacy of acupuncture-moxibustion, as well as its current research state were elucidated. Pondering and prospective on how to carry out researches to improve the clinical efficacy of acupuncture-moxibustion were also undertaken.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1000-1003, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280793

ABSTRACT

Through analysis of the basic mechanism and principle of moxibustion, it is found that the most basic characteristic of moxibustion on acupoints of human body rests with its warm stimulation. The multi-effect of the warm stimulation of moxibustion can be generalized into the following 2 aspects: 1) warming-dredging: to dredge meridians with warming through regulation of qi and blood circulation, and removing stagnation in meridians and collaterals. 2) warming-reinforcing: to reinforce with warming through strengthening of yang qi as well as tonifying yin through reinforcing of yang. The two effects are inter-depending and inter-acting on each other. The mechanism of warming-dredging and warming-reinforcing is different from that of the materia medica, and it has its own specific connotation.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Body Temperature Regulation , Humans , Moxibustion , Methods
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1024-1028, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280787

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the burning characteristics of moxa stick.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A self-designed moxa stick burning temperature measuring device, which was assembled with ALTEC intelligence digital setter and SJ-600 thermocouple, was used to conduct next four experiences: 1) embedding a thermocouple inside a moxa stick to measure peak burning temperature; 2) pulling a thermocouple embedded in the moxa stick at the proper rate to detect combustion stability; 3) elucidating temperature distribution of transverse section by measuring the temperature in the center, radius midpoint and lateral; 4) drawing temperature-time-space curves by pulling the thermocouples in the former three observation points.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The experiment indicated that the burning temperature peak of three-year moxa stick (Hubei Herbal Medicine St. Qichun Technology Co., Ltd.) was 848 degrees C which had good combustion stability. Furthermore, the temperature in the center, radius midpoint and lateral of transverse section were 843 degrees C, 731 degrees C and 410 degrees C, respectively, and its burning temperature-time-space curves was drawn, which showed the real-time burning temperature and the peak burning temperature and were regarded as ultimate indice to integrate the formers.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The measuring system elaborately reflecting the burning features of moxa stick may provide reference for manufacture industry of moxa stick quality criteria for its convenience and accuracy.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Temperature , Time Factors
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308701

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate whether moxibustion regulates tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1), and TNFR2 in the intestinal mucosa and to explore whether moxibustion could be used by means of this mechanism, to repair the intestinal epithelium barrier disruption in Crohn's disease (CD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The CD rat models were established by trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBs), randomly divided into a model control (MC) group, an herb-partition moxibustion (HPM) group, a mild-warm moxibustion (MWM) group, and a salicylazosulfapyridine (SASP) group, and all were compared with a normal control (NC) group. The HPM and MWM groups were treated by moxibustion at Tianshu (ST25) and Qihai (RN6) for 14 days, and the SASP group obtained the SASP solution orally for the same period of time. The intestinal epithelium morphology and TNF-α, TNFR1, and TNFR2 contents were observed by the transmission electron microscopy and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The severity of morphological changes in CD intestinal epithelium was obviously improved, and the levels of TNF-α, TNFR1, and TNFR2 in the intestinal mucosa all significantly decreased in the HPM and MWM groups. However, there were no significant differences between the HPM and MWM groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The moxibustion therapies (HPM and MWM) could reduce intestinal inflammation and restore intestinal epithelium barrier disruption in CD, which might be due to down-regulating TNF-α, TNFR1, and TNFR2 in intestinal mucosa and improving intestinal epithelium morphology.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Membrane Permeability , Physiology , Crohn Disease , Metabolism , Pathology , Therapeutics , Disease Models, Animal , Down-Regulation , Intestinal Mucosa , Metabolism , Pathology , Physiology , Male , Moxibustion , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I , Metabolism , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type II , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322664

ABSTRACT

To illustrate the theoretical basis of warming and dredging function of moxibustion from the treatment features, indications and effects. The causation of moxibustion is warming stimulation, and the mechanism of action is dredging meridians and collaterals. In a word, promoting the dredging function by warming is the main mechanism of therapeutic effect of moxibustion. It is summarized that warming and dredging function of moxibustion has the differences in weakness and strongness, and degree of urgency; and the initial study of clinical application is discussed as well.


Subject(s)
Humans , Meridians , Models, Theoretical , Moxibustion , Physiological Phenomena
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271165

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the influence of acupuncture combine with general anesthesia (ACGA) and general anesthesia (GA) on immune function in patients of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in peri-operational period.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-nine cases undergoing LC were randomly divided into an ACGA group and a GA group. The ACGA group was treated with electroacupuncture at Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36) and Yanglingquan (GB 34) for 15-30 minutes and subsequently with the general anesthesia followed by continuous electroacupuncture stimulation till the operation finished. The GA group was treated with simple general anesthesia. Changes of T cell subset, tumor necrosis factor-apha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were observed at time points of before anesthesia induction, 2 hours after operation, 1 and 3 days after operation and the occurrence of adverse reaction after operation was recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The percentages of CD3+ and CD8+ in both groups at 2 hours after operation were significant lower than that before anesthesia induction (all P < 0.05), and the percentage of CD4+ in the GA group decreased significantly at that time point (P < 0.05), while there was no significant difference in the ACGA group and CD4+/CD8+ increased significantly (P < 0.05). The level of TNF-alpha in the ACGA group decreased significantly at 3 days after operation as compared with that of before anesthesia induction (P < 0.05). There were significantly less cases nauseated after operation in the ACGA group than that in the GA group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture combine with general anesthesia has very little effect on immune function in patients of LC with less adverse reactions.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Analgesia , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anesthesia , Methods , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Female , Humans , Immunity , Male , Middle Aged , Perioperative Period
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254883

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of general anesthesia, acupuncture at acupoints compound general anesthesia and acupuncture at non-acupoints compound general anesthesia on the perioperative analgesic effect in patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety patients scheduled to undergo laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly divided into a general anesthesia group (group A), an acupuncture at acupoints compound general anesthesia group (group B) and an acupuncture at non-acupoints compound general anesthesia group (group C), 30 cases in each group. General anesthesias were all induced by Fentanyl, Propofol and Vecuronium Bromide. The bilateral Hegu (LI 4), Neiguan (PC 6), Zusanli (ST 36) and Yanglingquan (GB 34) were selected in the group B, and the middle points of the line connecting the meridians where every acupoint mentioned above belonged and their lateral neighbor meridians selected in the group C. The dosage of anesthetics, the time of goggle and the time of evulsion cannulation and direction location in all the patients were compared, and the dosage of analgesia pump within 4, 6, 8, 24 and 44 hours and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) of pain were recorded after surgery.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The dosage of Fentanyl in the group B was obviously lower than that in both the group A and the group C (both P<0.05), and the dosages of Propofol and Vecuronium Bromide in the group B were obviously lower than those in the group A (P<0.05, P<0.01). The time of goggle, evulsion cannulation and direction location in the group B were significantly shorter than those in the other groups (all P<0.01). After surgery, the dosage of analgesia pump in the group B was significantly fewer than that in the group C within 4 and 6 hours (both P<0.05), and it was significantly fewer than that in the group A within 4, 6, 8 hours (all P<0.05). The scores of VAS of pain at 44th hour after surgery in the group B were obviously lower than those in the other groups (both P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture at acupoints can enhance the anesthetic effect of compound general anesthesia and prolong the analgesia period. Acupuncture at non-points has a certain effect, but their effectiveness is less than that of acupoints. Thus, the acupoint has the specificity and accurate acupoint selection is the key factor affecting analgesia effect.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Analgesia , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Female , Gallbladder Diseases , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain Management , Perioperative Care
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