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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928149

ABSTRACT

The methods for determining the characteristic chromatogram and index components content of Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction were established to provide a scientific basis for the quality evaluation of substance benchmarks and preparations. Eighteen batches of Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction were prepared with the decoction pieces of different batches and of the same batch were prepared respectively, and the HPLC characteristic chromatograms of these samples were established. The similarities of the chromatographic fingerprints were analyzed. With liquiritin, glycyrrhizic acid, 6-gingerol, ginsenoside Rg_1, and ginsenoside Re as index components, the high performance liquid chromatography was established for content determination with no more than 70%-130% of the mass average as the limit. The results showed that there were 19 characteristic peaks corresponding to the characteristic chromatograms of 18 batches of Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction, including 8 peaks representing liquiritin, 1,5-O-dicaffeoylqunic acid, ginsenoside Rg_1, ginsenoside Re, 1-O-acetyl britannilactone, ginsenoside Rb_1, glycyrrhizic acid, and 6-gingerol, and the fingerprint similarity was greater than 0.97. The contents of liquiritin, glycyrrhizic acid, 6-gingerol, and ginsenosides Rg_1 + Re in the prepared Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction samples were 0.53%-0.86%, 0.61%-1.2%, 0.023%-0.068%, and 0.33%-0.66%, respectively. Except for several batches, most batches of Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction showed stable contents of index components, with no discrete values. The characteristic chromatograms and index components content characterized the information of Inulae Flos, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens in Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction. This study provides a scientific basis for the further research on the key chemical properties of substance benchmark and preparations of Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Ginsenosides/analysis , Glycyrrhizic Acid/analysis , Quality Control
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879350

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of platelet rich plasma (PRP) combined with β tricalcium phosphate bioceramic bone in the treatment of non traumatic necrosis of the femoral head in ARCO stageⅡ.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to December 2018, 100 patients (160 hips) with ARCO stageⅡnon traumatic necrosis of the femoral head were divided into PRP group and control group. In PRP group, 50 patients (80 hips), 22 males and 28 females, aged from 18 to 65 (43.47± 7.23) years, with a course of 4 to 18 (15.8±2.9) months, underwent core decompression and bone grafting combined with PRP implantation. There were 50 cases (80 hips) in the control group, including 27 males and 23 females, aged 20 to 63 (45.72± 7.43) years, and the course of disease was 6 to 19 (14.9±3.8) months. Hip X-ay film was followed up after operation. Harris score and VAS score were used to evaluate the curative effect, and the survival rate of hip joint was recorded.@*RESULTS@#All patients had good wound healing, no infection, thrombosis and other complications. All patients were followed up for 12 to 14 (12.0±0.4) months. Twelve months after operation, the image expression of PRP group was better than that of control group(@*CONCLUSION@#Platelet-rich plasma(PRP) combined with artificialbone for core decompression and bone grafting can change the situation of simple artificial bone implantation and uncertain curative effect, improve the success rate of this operation, effectively reduce the collapse rate of femoral head necrosis in the early and middle stage, delay or even avoid hip replacement.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Artemisinins , Bone Transplantation , Decompression, Surgical , Female , Femur Head/surgery , Femur Head Necrosis/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Naphthoquinones , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846418

ABSTRACT

Objective: To make a preliminary prediction of the Q-marker of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma from the perspective of the effectiveness and measurability of chemical components based on the concept of Q-marker of Chinese materia medica. Methods: Based on literature integration and data analysis, the source range of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma Q-marker was screened, and the effectiveness of the ingredients was analyzed through network pharmacology. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of 15 batches of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma from four places of origin was performed by HPLC. The pattern recognition method was used to screen out the main marker components that caused the differences between groups, which were combined with network pharmacological results to further determine the Q-marker of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. Results: Literature studies had determined that flavonoids and triterpenoids were the main source of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma Q-marker; Network pharmacology results showed that liquiritin, glycyrrhizic acid and other components had high connectivity in the "component-target-pathway" network and were the main active components; The fingerprints of 15 batches of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma samples were established, and five components, including liquiritin and liquiritin apioside, were identified as the main marker components by PLS-DA analysis; The content determination results of liquiritin, liquiritin apioside, glycyrrhizic acid and glycyrrhetinic acid showed that there were significant differences in the content of ingredients among different production areas. The qualitative and quantitative research on pharmacology combined with network pharmacology revealed that liquiritin, liquiritin apioside, glycyrrhizic acid and glycyrrhetinic acid can be used as Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma Q-marker. Conclusion: Taking flavonoids and triterpenoids as the source of Q-marker for Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, the qualitative and quantitative (measurability) study of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma herbs from multiple producing areas combined with network pharmacology (effectiveness) revealed liquiritin, liquiritin apioside, glycyrrhizic acid and glycyrrhetinic acid as the potential Q-marker of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma are scientific and reasonable, which provide reference for quality control of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852347

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the content change of six main active ingredients (orange diclofenac, rubrofusarin-6-O-β-D- gentiobioside, emodin, stilbene glucoside, nuciferine, and quercetin) in the aqueous extract under different compatibility conditions of Compound Xuezhining (CX), using Kohonen maps model for data analysis of traditional Chinese medicine with obvious change in content, to further explore how the compatibility of TCM affect the dissolution characteristic of ingredient. Methods Through different combinations of different herbs in CX, the solubility of the six active ingredients was investigated by UPLC method before and after different compatibility modes; Analyzed the data and chosen Nelumbinis Folium which has significant quantity changes after compatibility as the object of research. The impacts of different compatibility modes on seven chemical compositions of Nelumbinis Folium were analyzed by supervised Kohonen maps model. Results The content change of six active ingredients after compatibility were different: the contents of nuciferine, orange diclofenac and emodin were mainly decreased, the content of stilbene glucoside was decreased, the content of quercetin was increased, and the content of rubrofusarin-6-O-β-D-gentiobioside showed no obvious regularity; When combined with Fructus Crataegi Pinnatifidae, seven chemical constituents in Nelumbinis Folium changed greatly and most of which were positively affected. Conclusion The effects of different compatibility modes on the solubility of active components are different in Chinese herbal formulae CX, and the content of chemical constituents in Nelumbinis Folium are more influential when combined with Fructus Crataegi Pinnatifidae.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357247

ABSTRACT

Recently, chimeric antigen receptors T cells (CAR T) have made a breakthrough in the treatment of lymphoma and leukemia, open a new path for the tumor cellular immunetherapy. It is the key for CAR T to take the gene which can identify the CD19 antigen of lymphoblastic leukemia into lymphocytes, enable it to kill leukemia cells with specific cell-surface loci. The same principle also applies to other aspects, if we find specific target genes of lymphocytes. Recent studies have found that high mobility group protein N2 (high mobility group chromosal protein N2, HMGN2) is the excellent target of tumor-associated antigen in lymphocytes, is the antitumor effector molecule of CD8(+) T cells, which has the ability of trends and specific identify/binding in myeloid leukemia, breast cancer, cervical cancer and other tumor cells. HMGN2 is expected to be used for the preparation of specific identification of tumor lymphocytes and to treat more leukemia and tumors. This article focuses on the strucure and function of HMGN and the chemotaxis and antitumor effect of HMGN2 in leukemia and tumors.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD19 , Antigens, Neoplasm , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , HMGN2 Protein , Humans , Immunotherapy , Leukemia , Neoplasms , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1753-1756, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340423

ABSTRACT

Bioengineered T cells, which are the genetically manipulated T cells to express chimeric antigen receptor T Cell (CAR T) against leukemia-associated specific antigens, were applied to treat acute and chronic lymphocytic leukemia with CAR T. CAR T cells combined with cell-surface binding site and anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor can treat diseases through T cells transfection. CAR T cells can recognize the CD19 antigen on B cells with specific cell-surface loci. CAR T cells can proliferate by 1000 times and differentiate in vivo by the CD19 antigen stimulation, therefore, kill the acute and chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells effectively. This article briefly reviews the CAR T cells and the effect of CAR T cells on acute and chronic lymphoblastic leukemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, CD19 , B-Lymphocytes , Humans , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes
7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 485-488, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235420

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Two children with hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoma (HVLL) were reported for a better understanding of this disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical manifestation, pathological characteristics, therapeutic outcomes of two children with HVLL were analyzed and presented by compared with what described in literatures.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two children were girls, who treated firstly in the hospital in May 2012, July 2012 and their duration were 1 years, more than 10 years respectively. Their clinical manifestations were both limbs and craniofacial polymorphous rashes. Pathological findings revealed that the dermis and subcutaneous tissue were profiled by atypical lymphocytic infiltration. Immunohistochemistry showed that the infiltration of cells from T/NK cell, and Epstein-Barr virus encoded small RNA (EBER)(+). Case 1 was treated with chemotherapy, but her condition continued to deteriorate. Case 2 just received symptomatic treatment, her skin lesions gradually reduced and rash disappeared completely 2 months later.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HVLL is found with special clinical manifestation, its diagnosis mainly depend on skin biopsy and immunohistochemistry, there is no specific treatment method now, and its prognosis still needs further research.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Hydroa Vacciniforme , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous , Skin Neoplasms
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-282541

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the work-related musculoskeletal disorders among automobile assembly workers, to discusses the related risk factors and their relationship.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The selected 1508 automobile assembly workers from a north car manufacturing company were regarded as the study object. The hazard zone jobs checklist, Nordic musculoskeletal symptom questionnaire (NMQ) and pain questionnaire were used to perform the epidemiological cross-sectional and retrospective survey and study for the General status, awkward ergonomics factors and related influencing factors, and musculoskeletal disorders of workers.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The predominant body sites of occurring WMSDs among automobile assembly workers were mainly low back, wrist, neck and shoulders, the predominant workshop section of occurring WMSDs were mostly concentrated in engine compartment, interior ornament, door cover, chassis and debugging section. The predominant body site of WMSDs among engine compartment and chassis section workers was low back, interior ornament workers were low back and wrist, door cover workers was wrist, chassis workers was low back, debugging workers were neck and low back. Neck musculoskeletal disorders had the trend with the increase of a body height; Smoking may increase the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorders.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The WMSDs appears to be a serious ergonomic proble assem among automobile assembly workers, predominant occurring site of WMSDs is with different workshop section, its characteristics is quite obvious, probably related to its existing awkward work position or activities. The worker height and smoking habits may be important factors which affect musculoskeletal disorders happen.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cumulative Trauma Disorders , Epidemiology , Ergonomics , Humans , Male , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Epidemiology , Occupational Diseases , Epidemiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
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