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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1138-1148, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978677

ABSTRACT

In order to study the analgesic effect of Shaoyao Gancao Decoction, this paper discussed material basis and mechanism from the perspective of macromolecules in traditional Chinese medicine. Inspired by the phenomenon of turbidity after boiling Chinese medicine, this experiment took Shaoyao Gancao Decoction as the research object to study the formation process of precipitation during boiling. The results showed that aggregates with a certain shape were formed in the solvent during the boiling process, and the precipitate was obtained by standing and centrifuging. Analysis found that the precipitation was mainly composed of small molecules such as paeoniflorin, albiflorin, liquiritin, glycyrrhizic acid, isoliquiritin and gallic acid, and macromolecules such as protein and polysaccharide. The composition of precipitate was consistent with that of Shaoyao Gancao Decoction, but the analgesic effect of Shaoyao Gancao Decoction after removing the precipitate was significantly reduced. Based on these results, we isolated small molecular compounds, polysaccharides and protein from Shaoyao Gancao Decoction and their contents are 60.4, 700.7 and 207.2 mg·g-1 respectively. We get the ratio, polysaccharide: small molecule = 11.6∶1, protein: small molecule = 3.4∶1, the precipitate is prepared in the state of boiling. The characterization results showed that the particle size of the precipitate will change significantly after co-heating, and the content determination results showed that the content of the six small molecular compounds which was free in solvent was significantly reduced after the formation of the precipitate. The acetic acid writhing experiment proved that the precipitate has a good analgesic effect, and effectively reduced the levels of inflammatory factors prostaglandin E2 and nitric oxide, and increased the level of anti-inflammatory factor interleukin-10. These results proved that the precipitate in Shaoyao Gancao Decoction is an important material basis for analgesic effect, and macromolecules such as protein and polysaccharide are the main components of the precipitate. The study of macromolecules in the precipitate of Shaoyao Gancao Decoction not only provides new ideas and methods for elucidating the pharmacodynamic material basis of Shaoyao Gancao Decoction, but also provides a reference for analyzing the scientificity of traditional decoction.

2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 658-662, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982009

ABSTRACT

The female infant in this case study was admitted to the hospital 4 hours after birth due to preterm birth and respiratory distress. On the third day after birth, peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC) catheterization was performed. On day 42, thrombus was found at the entrance of the right atrium from the inferior vena cava during a cardiac ultrasound, and it was considered to be related to PICC placement. Low-molecular-weight heparin and urokinase were given. After two weeks of treatment, ultrasonic monitoring showed thrombus shrinkage. No bleeding or pulmonary embolism occurred during the treatment. The patient discharged after improvement. This article mainly introduces a multidisciplinary team approach to diagnosis and treatment of PICC-related thrombosis in neonates.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Infant , Humans , Female , Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects , Premature Birth , Dyspnea , Echocardiography , Catheterization, Peripheral
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 151-160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906187

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effective constituents and mechanism of Tingli Dazao Xiefeitang for the treatment of heart failure through network pharmacology and high resolution mass spectrometry technique as well as molecular docking technique. Method:Chemical components and potential targets in Descurainiae Semen Lepidii Semen and Jujubae Fructus were searched by referring to literature and BATMAN-TCM database. The disease targets were searched in GeneCards database with ''heart failure'' as the key word. STRING platform was used to construct protein-protein interaction(PPI) network based on common targets of drugs and disease. The network topology was analyzed by using Cytoscape 3.7.2 software to obtain the core targets eventually. Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) enrichment analysis of the core targets was conducted through DAVID database to draw a network of “herb-compound-target-pathway”. Based on the results of the network pharmacology research above,high resolution mass spectrometry was used to analyze the decoction and confirm the selected active components. AutoDock 4.2.6 software was used for molecular docking verification of key active components and related targets. Result:A total of 85 components were obtained in Descurainiae Semen Lepidii Semen,and 49 components were obtained in Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae. A total of 1 078 drug targets and 1 549 disease targets were identified. After PPI analysis and network topology analysis,23 core targets and 33 active components were obtained,involving 19 signaling pathways (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Mass spectrometry analysis results indicated that 18 components such as isovanillic acid,descuraininA and kaempferol-7-<italic>O-β-D</italic>-glucopyranoside were confirmed in decoction. Molecular docking analysis results indicated that 6 core components (degree value top 6),such as isovanillic acid,descurainin A and kaempferol-7-<italic>O-β-D</italic>-glucopyranoside,had good binding activity with silent information regulatory factor 1(SIRT1),interleukin(IL)1B,protein kinase B<italic>α</italic>(AKT1) and tumor necrosis factor(TNF). The compound recipe for heart failure mainly involved mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK),hypoxia inducible factor-1(HIF-1),Mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) and other signaling pathways. Conclusion:This study preliminarily investigated the effective constituents and mechanism of Tingli Dazao Xiefeitang in the treatment of heart failure. It can provide references for the precise clinical medication and screening of quality control markers,as well as the discovery of active components in the treatment of heart failure.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2110-2117, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773120

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents of the Fufang Huangbai Ye( FFHB) were analyzed and identified by UPLC-ESI-LTQ-OrbitrapMS. The analysis was performed on an Waters HSS T3 reverse phase column( 2. 1 mm×100 mm,1. 8 μm). The mobile phase consisting of 0. 1% aqueous formic acid( A) and acetonitrile( B) was used with gradient elution,and the flow rate was 0. 3 mL·min~(-1).Based on the information of the accurate mass,the multistage fragment ions,the mass spectrometric data of the standard substance and the relative reference literature,the structure of the chemical constituents in FFHB were identified. Based on the identified compounds,network pharmacology study,including target prediction,functional enrichment,and molecular docking was applied to screen out the main active substances for treatment of diabetes foot and explore the potential mechanism. The results showed that a total of 138 compounds were identified,including 28 alkaloids,16 flavonoids,11 phenylethanoid glycosides,9 cycloolefins,11 cyclohexylethanol derivatives,28 phenolic acids and derivatives,3 lignans,4 terpenes,28 volatile oils and the others. Further,36 active substances for diabetes foot were screened out,and the functional enrichment showed the potential mechanism of FFHB were mainly seven functional items including inflammatory response,growth factor activity. This study combining the UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS technology and the network pharmacology provide a useful reference and basis for active compounds,quality control markers and the pharmacological mechanism of FFHB for diabetic foot treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Diabetic Foot , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 914-921, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It is currently unclear if fibrinogen is a risk factor for adverse events in patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or merely serves as a marker of pre-existing comorbidities and other causal factors. We therefore investigated the association between fibrinogen levels and 2-year all-cause mortality, and compared the additional predictive value of adding fibrinogen to a basic model including traditional risk factors in patients receiving contemporary PCI.@*METHODS@#A total of 6293 patients undergoing PCI with measured baseline fibrinogen levels were enrolled from January to December 2013 in Fuwai Hospital. Patients were divided into three groups according to tertiles of baseline fibrinogen levels: low fibrinogen, <2.98 g/L; medium fibrinogen, 2.98 to 3.58 g/L; and high fibrinogen, ≥3.58 g/L. Independent predictors of 2-year clinical outcomes were determined by multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression modeling. The increased discriminative value of fibrinogen for predicting all-cause mortality was assessed using the C-statistic and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI).@*RESULTS@#The 2-year all-cause mortality rate was 1.2%. It was significantly higher in the high fibrinogen compared with the low and medium fibrinogen groups according to Kaplan-Meier analyses (1.7% vs. 0.9% and 1.7% vs. 1.0%, respectively; log-rank, P = 0.022). Fibrinogen was significantly associated with all-cause mortality according to multivariate Cox regression (hazard ratio 1.339, 95% confidence interval: 1.109-1.763, P = 0.005), together with traditional risk factors including age, sex, diabetes mellitus, left ventricular ejection fraction, creatinine clearance, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The area under the curve for all-cause mortality in the basic model including traditional risk factors was 0.776, and this value increased to 0.787 when fibrinogen was added to the model (IDI = 0.003, Z = 0.140, P = 0.889).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Fibrinogen is associated with 2-year all-cause mortality in patients receiving PCI, but provides no additional information over a model including traditional risk factors.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Blood , Therapeutics , Fasting , Blood , Fibrinogen , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Multivariate Analysis , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Factors
6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 162-169, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802182

ABSTRACT

Objective:In this paper,the network pharmacology method was used to explore the material basis and the mechanism of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex(Houpo) on depressive disorder. Method:Firstly,the main chemical components of Houpo were gathered from CNKI,SciFinder,traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform(TCMSP) and other databases.Next,the potential targets of the chemical ingredients in Houpo were searched and selected by BATMAN-TCM database.The targets of depressive disorder were collected from HPO database.Then all the targets were entered into the search tool(String database) for the retrieval of protein-protein interactions so as to confirm antidepressant chemistries and their related targets.Furthermore,the functional enrichment analysis was carried out through the David database.Based on these above results,the networks of "drug targets-disease targets" and "compounds-targets-pathways" of Houpo on depressive disorder were built by Cytoscape v3.5.1 software,respectively.Network topology analysis was used to screen the key targets and the corresponding components.Then molecular docking verification of "component-target proteins" was further conducted. Result:A total of 16 active compounds involving in 74 key targets for depressive disorder were selected and confirmed from 138 chemical components of Houpo.Molecular docking analysis showed that compared with other components,ten volatile components in the 16 active compounds had good binding activities with the top 5 key targets[the top 5 of degree value,including insulin receptor(INS),mitogen-activated protein kinase 1(MAPK1),guanine nucleotide binding protein alpha inhibition 3(GNAI3),phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase receptor 1(PIK3R1) and selective receptor B1(GNB1)] and the 3 direct acting targets of popular drugs for depression[muscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2(CHRM2),5-hydroxytryptamine receptor(HTR)2B and HTR2C].The functional enrichment analysis showed the antidepressant mechanism of Houpo mainly involved neurotrophin signaling pathway,MAPK signaling pathway,calcium signaling pathway and neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction,etc. Conclusion:This study reveals the active ingredients and the mechanism of anti-depression of Houpo based on network pharmacology,a total of 16 key active ingredients related to anti-depression are selected.This paper can provide references for development of antidepressants and the discovery of quality markers of Houpo for anti-depression.

7.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 429-434, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703875

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the prognostic value of elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP) at admission in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A total of 5 826 consecutive ACS patients undergoing PCI were included. Patients were divided into normal admission SBP (100-139 mmHg, n=4 323) and elevated admission SBP ( ≥ 140 mmHg, n=1 503) groups. All-cause mortality and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE, including all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI), revascularization, in-stent thrombosis and stroke) during 2-year follow-up were compared between the two groups. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to identify the independent risk factors of outcomes. The influence of admission SBP on the outcomes of subgroup patients with unstable angina (n=4 261) was also evaluated. Results: Patients were older (61 vs 57 years, P<0.001), proportions of females (29.3% vs 21.6%, P<0.001), concomitant morbidities (such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipemia, previous MI and cerebral vascular disease) and multi-vessel lesions (77.5% vs 71.0%, P<0.001) were significantly higher in elevated admission SBP group than in normal admission SBP group. During two-years follow-up, all-cause mortality, MACCE, MI and revascularization rates were comparable between two groups (all P>0.05). However, incidence of in-stent thrombosis (1.3% vs 0.7%, P=0.048) and stroke (1.9% vs 1.2%, P=0.038) were significantly higher in elevated admission SBP group than in normal admission SBP group. Subgroup analysis on patients with unstable angina showed that, incidence of in-stent thrombosis and MI were also significantly higher in elevated admission SBP group than in normal admission SBP group (both P<0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that elevated admission SBP was no longer an independent predictor of either in-stent thrombosis or stroke, and age and history of cerebrovascular disease were the independent risk factors of stroke. Conclusions: ACS patients with elevated admission SBP have more cardiovascular risk factors, but elevated admission SBP is not an independent risk factor of long-term outcomes in this patient cohort.

8.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 129-133, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703828

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the impact of bundle branch block (BBB) on acute coronary syndrome (ACS) prognosis in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A total of 6 429 ACS patients received PCI in our hospital from 2013-01 to 2013-12 were enrolled. According to BBB diagnosis at discharge, the patients were divided into 2 groups: BBB group, n=159 and Non-BBB group, n=6 270. The incidences of 2-year major adverse cardio and cerebral-vascular events (MACCE) including all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, in-stent thrombosis and stroke were compared between 2 groups; relationship between existing BBB and clinical outcomes was assessed. Results: Compared with Non-BBB group, BBB group had the elder age (62.97±11.37) years vs (58.26±10.36) years, lower BMI (25.31±3.02) vs (25.89±3.20), decreased glomerular filtration rate (86.89±16.15)ml/min vs (91.05±15.53)ml/min and LVEF (59.27±9.86)% vs (62.37±7.36) %, all P<0.05; other baseline condition, angiographic and interventional features were similar between 2 groups, all P>0.05. During 2-year follow-up period, compared with Non-BBB group, BBB group showed the higher incidences of cardiac death (2.5% vs 0.7%) and in-stent thrombosis (3.1% vs 0.8%), both P<0.05; other incidences of MACCE were similar between 2 groups, all P>0.05. With adjusted propensity score matching, 2-year incidence of MACCE was similar between 2 groups, P>0.05; 2-year incidences of MACCE in BBB group including LBBB and RBBB were similar to Non-BBB group, P>0.05. Cox regression analysis revealed that BBB was not related to ACS prognosis after PCI. Conclusion: BBB was not an independent risk factor for long-term MACCE occurrence in ACS patients after PCI.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1397-1405, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775159

ABSTRACT

Background@#It remains undetermined whether second-generation drug-eluting stents (G2-DESs) outperform first-generation DESs (G1-DESs) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of G1-DES and G2-DES in ACS patients in a high-volume cardiovascular center.@*Methods@#In 2013, 10,724 consecutive patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention in our institution. We included 4037 patients with ACS who underwent exclusively G1-DES or G2-DES implantation (n = 364 and n = 3673, respectively). We used propensity score matching to minimize the imbalance between the G1-DES and G2-DES groups and followed patients for 2 years. The efficacy endpoints were major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) and its components including target vessel-related myocardial infarction (TV-MI), target vessel revascularization/target lesion revascularization (TVR/TLR), and cardiac death. The safety endpoint was stent thrombosis. Continuous variables were compared by Mann-Whitney U-test, and categorical variables were compared using Pearson's Chi-square or Fisher's exact test. Kaplan-Meier curves were constructed to compare the event-free survival rates, and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to assess whether stent type was an independent risk factor for the efficacy and safety endpoints.@*Results@#At the 2-year follow-up, the results for MACE and it components, as well as stent thrombosis, were similar for G1-DES and G2-DES (MACE, 5.2% vs. 4.3%, χ = 0.514, P = 0.474; TV-MI, 0.8% vs. 0.4%, P = 0.407; TVR, 4.9% vs. 3.7%, χ = 0.939, P = 0.333; TLR, 3.8% vs. 2.5%, χ = 1.610, P = 0.205; cardiac death, 0.3% vs. 0.5%, P = 0.670; and stent thrombosis, 0.5% vs. 0.4%, P > 0.999). Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated similar event-free survival rates between G1-DES and G2-DES after propensity score matching (all: log-rank P > 0.05). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that stent type was not an independent risk factor for the efficacy and safety endpoints (MACE, hazard ratio [HR] = 0.805, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.455-1.424, P = 0.456; TV-MI, HR = 0.500, 95% CI: 0.101-2.475, P = 0.395; TVR, HR = 0.732, 95% CI: 0.403-1.330, P = 0.306; TLR, HR = 0.629, 95% CI: 0.313-1.264, P = 0.193; cardiac death, HR = 1.991, 95% CI: 0.223-17.814, P = 0.538; and stent thrombosis, HR = 0.746, 95% CI: 0.125-4.467, P = 0.749).@*Conclusion@#G1-DES and G2-DES have similar efficacy and safety profiles in ACS patients at the 2-year follow-up.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome , General Surgery , Coronary Thrombosis , General Surgery , Drug-Eluting Stents , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Myocardial Infarction , General Surgery , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Methods , Prospective Studies
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3070-3079, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687344

ABSTRACT

Aimed to solve the issues of pesticide residue, heavy metal contents and harmful elements in the productive process of Chinese herbal medicines, the research team built the technical regulations for production of pollution-free Chinese herbal medicines. This regulation included the environment of production area, the process of production, quality of products etc., which were the key steps controlled the quality of Chinese herbal medicines. The environment of production area was selected according to the ecological factors which were stipulated by Ecological Suitability Regionalization of Chinese herbal medicines (second edition). The quality of air should be attain the one or two levels of GB/T3095-2012 standard values. The cultivation soils should reach to the one or two levels of GB15618 and NY/T391 standard values. The quality of irrigation water should accord with the stipulation of GB5084-2005. Aimed to the production of Chinese herbal medicines, disease-resistant and superior varieties which were suitable to the local stations should be selected, and the breeding of superior seeds and seedlings should be strengthened. Additionally, rational fertilizer application of pollution-free Chinese herbal medicines should be conformed to the principles, requirements, and the kinds of fertilizers allowed or limited for use, which were stipulated by the standard of DB13/T454. Furthermore, the plant protection policy of priority to prevention and synthetical prevention should be followed; improving ecological environment and strengthening cultivation management should be served as the basics. Agricultural measures, and biological and physical control strategies should be preferred to use; and high toxicity, residue pesticide and its mixture should be inhibited; the use of chemical pesticides should be minimized and then to decrease contamination and residue. Additionally, the quality of products should be reached to the standard of pollution-free Chinese herbal medicines; high toxicity and detection rate of pesticide residues and the contents of heavy metal and harmful elements (e.g. plumbum, cadmium, mercury, arsenic and cuprum) should accord with the common criteria of pollution-free Chinese herbal medicines. Application of technical regulations for production of pollution-free Chinese herbal medicines guarantees significantly social, economic and ecological benefits.

11.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 898-906, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311333

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The alpha 2A-adrenergic receptor gene (ADRA2A) polymorphism in individuals modifies the antiplatelet response to sympathetic stimulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ADRA2A variants on platelet reactivity in Chinese patients on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March 2011 to March 2013, 1,024 patients were enrolled in this prospective, single-center, observational study in China. Four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ADRA2A gene (rs11195419, rs3750625, rs13306146, and rs553668) and CYP2C19*2 were detected by ligase detection reaction (LDR), and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) inhibition was detected by thromboelastography (TEG®).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The minor allele frequencies of ADRA2A SNPs were common. Platelet ADP inhibition was significantly different among patients carrying rs11195419 (adjusted P = 0.022) and rs3750625 (adjusted P = 0.016). The homozygous allele carriers had the lowest ADP inhibition. However, ADP inhibition was not significantly different in rs553668 and rs13306146. At the multivariate analysis, rs11195419 (P = 0.033), rs3750625 (P = 0.020) and CYP2C19*2 (P = 0.002) were independent predictors of ADP inhibition. Subgroups analysis based on sex showed rs11195419 (P = 0.003) and rs3750625 (P = 0.002) were significantly associated with ADP inhibition in males, but not in females.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ADRA2A genetic variations were associated with ADP-induced platelet aggregation during DAPT in Chinese patients undergoing PCI, and the effect was particularly more pronounced in males.</p>

12.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4852-4859, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662829

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells are involved in the skin repair after scald, but the hydrogel made of the excreta by adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells is rarely reported in the treatment of skin scald. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the therapeutic effect of human adipose derived mesenchymal stem cell conditioned medium hydrogel in a mouse model of skin scald. METHODS: Adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells were obtained from adipose tissues by enzyme digestion combined with adherent culture method. Morphological and flow cytometry were used to identify phenotype and induce differentiation. Secondly, the stable proliferative phase cells were harvested to obtain the conditioned medium, and chitosan, mannitol, beta-glycerol phosphate sodium and hyaluronic acid were added to prepare the thermosensitive hydrogel. Then the 95 ℃ aluminum block was used to rapidly establish a model of degree III skin scald on the left (experimental group) and right (control group) sides of the back of 24 C57BL/6 mice. In the experimental group, adipose derived stem cell conditioned medium hydrogel was applied twice a day on the right side of the mouse back, and in the control group, fresh medium hydrogel was applied twice a day on the left side of the mouse back. The treatment period lasted for 7 days. Healing time and healing process were observed to calculate the healing rate. Histopathological changes were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining at paraffin sections at 4, 14, 28 days after skin scald. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The human adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells had fibroblast-like morphology and proliferated vigorously, and the average doubling time was 55 hours. These cells could be induced to differentiate into osteoblasts, chondrocytes and adipocytes. High expression of CD29, CD44, CD90 and CD105 were observed on these cells with low expression of CD31 and CD34, which met the standard of mesenchymal stem cells. (2) Thethermosensitive hydrogel prepared by the conditioned medium was cool and transparent viscous liquid at 4-20 ℃, and was changed into semi-solid gel at( 37 ℃ after 15 minutes. (3) The normal structure) subcutaneous fat and muscle tissue (of 95 ℃ aluminum block scalded mice wer) standards of degree III burns. The wound area was roughly 3 cm2. (4) In the repair process, shorter wound healing time, less scar and better dermis structure were observed in the experimental group compared with the control group. (5) Inflammatory infiltration, thickness of granulation tissue, epidermal thickness, fibroblasts and vascular density were significantly improved in the experimental group as compared with the control group (P < 0.05). To conclude, human adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells conditioned medium hydrogel can promote the wound healing and promote the quality of regenerated skin after skin scald.

13.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4852-4859, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660827

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells are involved in the skin repair after scald, but the hydrogel made of the excreta by adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells is rarely reported in the treatment of skin scald. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the therapeutic effect of human adipose derived mesenchymal stem cell conditioned medium hydrogel in a mouse model of skin scald. METHODS: Adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells were obtained from adipose tissues by enzyme digestion combined with adherent culture method. Morphological and flow cytometry were used to identify phenotype and induce differentiation. Secondly, the stable proliferative phase cells were harvested to obtain the conditioned medium, and chitosan, mannitol, beta-glycerol phosphate sodium and hyaluronic acid were added to prepare the thermosensitive hydrogel. Then the 95 ℃ aluminum block was used to rapidly establish a model of degree III skin scald on the left (experimental group) and right (control group) sides of the back of 24 C57BL/6 mice. In the experimental group, adipose derived stem cell conditioned medium hydrogel was applied twice a day on the right side of the mouse back, and in the control group, fresh medium hydrogel was applied twice a day on the left side of the mouse back. The treatment period lasted for 7 days. Healing time and healing process were observed to calculate the healing rate. Histopathological changes were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining at paraffin sections at 4, 14, 28 days after skin scald. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The human adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells had fibroblast-like morphology and proliferated vigorously, and the average doubling time was 55 hours. These cells could be induced to differentiate into osteoblasts, chondrocytes and adipocytes. High expression of CD29, CD44, CD90 and CD105 were observed on these cells with low expression of CD31 and CD34, which met the standard of mesenchymal stem cells. (2) Thethermosensitive hydrogel prepared by the conditioned medium was cool and transparent viscous liquid at 4-20 ℃, and was changed into semi-solid gel at( 37 ℃ after 15 minutes. (3) The normal structure) subcutaneous fat and muscle tissue (of 95 ℃ aluminum block scalded mice wer) standards of degree III burns. The wound area was roughly 3 cm2. (4) In the repair process, shorter wound healing time, less scar and better dermis structure were observed in the experimental group compared with the control group. (5) Inflammatory infiltration, thickness of granulation tissue, epidermal thickness, fibroblasts and vascular density were significantly improved in the experimental group as compared with the control group (P < 0.05). To conclude, human adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells conditioned medium hydrogel can promote the wound healing and promote the quality of regenerated skin after skin scald.

14.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 965-969, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659574

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application status of trans-femoral route (TFR) and trans-radial route (TRR) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) via a single center large sample 2-year follow-up study and to evaluate their impact on long-term prognosis in relevant patients. Methods: A total of 10577 patients received PCI by TFR or TRR in our hospital during 2013 were analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups: TRR group, n=9745 (90.9%) and the TFR group, n=812 (7.6%). Clinical features were compared between 2 groups and their impacts on prognosis were studied. Results: Compared with TRR group, TFR group had more patients with elder age, more female, diabetes, more with the histories of myocardial infarction (MI), PCI or CABG, all P<0.001; more patients with left main disease or 3-vessel lesions, all P<0.001. Logistic regression analysis indicated that female, age, histories of MI, PCI or CABG and left main disease were the predictors for choosing TFR. With propensity score matching, TFR group had the higher in-hospital mortality than TRR group, P<0.05. 2-year follow-up Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the end point events were similar between 2 groups. Cox multivariate analysis found that TFR was an independent risk factor of BARC ≥ 2 bleeding (HR=2.210, P=0.013), while not an independent risk factor for main cardiac end point events. Conclusion: ① Female, elder age, histories of MI, PCI or CABG and left main disease were the predictors for choosing TFR. ② The in-hospital mortality was higher in TFR PCI. ③ TFR was an independent risk factor of BARC≥2 bleeding, while it had no impact on long-term prognosis in PCI patients.

15.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 965-969, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657462

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application status of trans-femoral route (TFR) and trans-radial route (TRR) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) via a single center large sample 2-year follow-up study and to evaluate their impact on long-term prognosis in relevant patients. Methods: A total of 10577 patients received PCI by TFR or TRR in our hospital during 2013 were analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups: TRR group, n=9745 (90.9%) and the TFR group, n=812 (7.6%). Clinical features were compared between 2 groups and their impacts on prognosis were studied. Results: Compared with TRR group, TFR group had more patients with elder age, more female, diabetes, more with the histories of myocardial infarction (MI), PCI or CABG, all P<0.001; more patients with left main disease or 3-vessel lesions, all P<0.001. Logistic regression analysis indicated that female, age, histories of MI, PCI or CABG and left main disease were the predictors for choosing TFR. With propensity score matching, TFR group had the higher in-hospital mortality than TRR group, P<0.05. 2-year follow-up Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the end point events were similar between 2 groups. Cox multivariate analysis found that TFR was an independent risk factor of BARC ≥ 2 bleeding (HR=2.210, P=0.013), while not an independent risk factor for main cardiac end point events. Conclusion: ① Female, elder age, histories of MI, PCI or CABG and left main disease were the predictors for choosing TFR. ② The in-hospital mortality was higher in TFR PCI. ③ TFR was an independent risk factor of BARC≥2 bleeding, while it had no impact on long-term prognosis in PCI patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 303-306, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355543

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore Chinese medical syndrome typing features of epigastric pain and its association with gastroscopic manifestations.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using associated rules data mining method, an analysis study was performed in 234 patients with epigastric pain by combining holistic Chinese medical syndrome typing and results of gastroscopic examinations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Pi-Wei deficiency cold syndrome (PWDCS) was associated with pale gastric mucosa, or superficial ulcers accompained with unobvious redness and swelling. Inversed Gan-qi invading Wei syndrome (IGIWS) was associated with bile regurgitation. Damp-heat stagnating in the middle jiao syndrome (DSMJS) was associated with obvious redness and swollen mucosa, or ulcers accompanied with yellow and white fur. Wei-yin exhaustion syndrome (WYES) was associated with coarse mucosa and exposed blood vessels, or rare mucus. Retention of blood stasis in Wei syndrome was associated with bulged swelling and erosion. Indigestion impairing Wei syndrome (IIWS) was associated with retention of water and food, or more mucus attached. The endoscopic manifestations of PWDCS and DSMJS occurred most frequently, while PWDCS and IGIWS ranked the first place in macroscopic Chinese medical syndrome typing.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The manifestations of endoscopic features were closely associated with Chinese medical syndrome typing. The syndrome typing features of epigastric pain could be objectively and further grasped by summarizing syndrome typing laws using modern devices such as gastroscopic examinations, thus improving the accuracy of clinical syndrome typing.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Gastric Mucosa , Pathology , Gastroscopy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Pain , Diagnosis , Pathology , Yang Deficiency , Diagnosis , Pathology , Yin Deficiency , Diagnosis , Pathology
17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 388-390, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305028

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Human parainfluenza virus (HPIV) types 1, 2 and 3 are major viral pathogens responsible for upper and lower respiratory tract infections. In this study, a real-time RT-PCR was developed using multiplex primers-probe (HPIV-1, 2, 3) for the simultaneous detection of both HPIV1, HPIV2 and HPIV3 genomes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Optimal primers and probes were designed using specialized software. The conditions for multiplex real-time RT-PCR had been optimized. The synthesis of RNA standards of HPIV1, 2, 3 were used a T7 RNA polymerase. Check the specificity sensitivities and stability of one step RT-PCR assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Obtained in a 10-fold dilution series assay demonstrate a high sensitivity of the assay with a lowest detection limit of 10 copies for HPIV1, 100 copies for HPIV2 and 100 copies for HPIV3.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The assays demonstrates an improved sensitivity and scope of detecting HPIV1, 2, 3 viruses relative to routine antigen detection assays while the quantitative utility may facilitate investigation of the pre-diagnosis and respiratory virus pathogenesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Oligonucleotides , Genetics , Parainfluenza Virus 1, Human , Parainfluenza Virus 2, Human , Parainfluenza Virus 3, Human , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods
18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 120-122, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231175

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>We want to explore the harm degree of human rhinovirus in infants in Beijing area.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From May 2008 to September 2009, 240 nasopharyngeal aspirates were collected from the children and infants who were hospitalized and with lower respiratory tract infections. These specimens were screened for HRV by real-time reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) and statistically analysised.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>In all of 240 hospitalized children, 208 cases were admission diagnosis of pneumonia, accounting for 86.67% (208/240), no deaths, the ratio of male and female patients was 1.93 : 1, and the collected samples reached to a maximum number in February 2009. Real-time PCR used to detect human rhinovirus, positive samples number is 71, positive rate is 29.58% (71/240), and the main symptoms and clinical diagnosis was pneumonia. Most cases were less than 2 years old, making up 81.69% (58/71), amony them, 13 months-18 months age and > or = 24 months groups have the highest incidence rates, the incidence rate is 33.33%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Human rhinovirus happened in spring and winter seasons, especially the infants who were under 2 years are the main infection groups, the important symptoms are lower respiratory infections such as pneumonia, bronchitis and bronchiolitis et al. Human rhinovirus is seasonal and contagious, spreads fast, so protective measures in hospitals should be prepared to avoid cross-infection.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , China , Picornaviridae Infections , Virology , Respiratory Tract Infections , Virology , Rhinovirus , Genetics , Seasons
19.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 170-174, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300981

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To probe into the morphological and histological characteristics of the telencephalon of Onychodactylus fischeri, and to enrich the comparable neurobiology.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>HE-staining method was used to describe the characters of the telencephalon of Onychodactylus fischeri.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The olfactory bulb of Onychodactylus fischeri locates in the rastral and lateral to the cerebral hemisphere, and six distinct layers can be identified from the lateral to the medial, quite similar to Batrachuperus tibetanus and Hynobius leechii. In the cerebrum, the primordial hippocampus developed better than the primordial piriform. The former belongs to archipallium and the latter is paleopallium. Ventral to the primordial hippocampus there is a septal area which cannot be divided into medial and lateral parts. In the ventrical wall, there is neither medial limiting sulcus nor lateral limiting sulcus to separate the primordial hippocampus and the septal area, or the primordial piriform and the corpus striatum. The corpus striatum of Onychodactylus fischeri is paleostriatum. There is choroids plexus anterior in the lateral ventricle. The cell group that located at two sides of the third ventricle is the amygdale. Besides, the shape and size of neurons within the telencephalon are poorly differentiated.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Onychodactylus fischeri is a relatively primitive type in the amphibian. The present data will help us to further understand the nerve system of tailed amphibian.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Telencephalon , Cell Biology , Urodela
20.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 224-228, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271544

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective effects of icaritin (ICT) on apoptosis of primarily cultured rat neurons induced by Abeta(25-35) peptide and its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cortical neurons from rat embryonic cortical on d17 pregnancy were cultured in neural basal medium for 7 days. Icaritin (ICT) was pre-incubated for 24 h before adding Abeta(25-35) peptide and then the cells were incubated for 72 h. Neuroprotective effects of ICT were evaluated by MTT assay, LDH level in medium and cell morphological observation. Meanwhile, apoptosis was determined by JC-1 staining for mitochondria membrane potential (DeltaPsim) and AO/EB double staining for genetic damage of nucleoli in monolayer cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>0.1 micromol.L(-1) ICT pre-incubation for 24 h prevented rat neurons from Abeta(25-35) peptide induced apoptosis significantly as demonstrated by MTT, LDH assay and morphological observation. AO/EB double staining also indicated that ICT prevented neurons from apoptosis. JC-1 staining further showed that ICT prevented decreasing of mitochondrial DeltaPsim induced by Abeta(25-35) peptide.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ICT could protect primarily cultured rat neurons from Abeta(25-35) peptide induced apoptosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Toxicity , Apoptosis , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Cerebral Cortex , Cell Biology , Embryology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Neurons , Cell Biology , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
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