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1.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 38-43, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319545

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the features and treatment of male infertility induced by autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), and compare the outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) for infertile men with ADPKD and those with congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens (CBAVD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed 21 cases of ADPKD-induced infertility, 15 treated by ICSI (group A), and another 164 cases of strictly matched CBAVD-induced infertility (group B). We compared the two groups in the couples' age, the number of ICSI oocytes, and the rates of fertilization, transferrable embryos, good embryos, embryos implanted, clinical pregnancy, biochemical pregnancy, early abortion, singleton and twins in the first cycle.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 28 cycles of ICSI, 10 of the 15 ADPKD-induced infertility patients achieved clinical pregnancy, including 7 cases of live birth, 1 case of spontaneous abortion, and 2 cases of pregnancy maintenance. No significant differences were observed between groups A and B in the couples' age, the wives' BMI, or the numbers of ICSI oocytes and embryos transplanted (P >0.05), nor in the rates of ICSI fertilization (72.64% vs 76.17%), transferrable embryos (51.28% vs 63.24%), quality embryos (38.46% vs 49.83%), embryo implantation (17.64% vs 38.50%), abortion (0 vs 9.23%), singleton (50% vs 81.54%) and twins (50% vs 18.46%). However, the rates of clinical pregnancy (13.33% vs 42.68%, P = 0.023 <0.05) and biochemical pregnancy (13.33% vs 39.63%, P = 0.032 <0.05) were significantly lower in group A than in B.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ICSI is effective in the treatment of male infertility induced by either ADPKD or CBAVD, but the ADPKD cases have a lower success rate than the CBAVD cases in an individual cycle. The affected couples should be informed of the necessity of prenatal genetic diagnosis before embryo implantation and the inevitable vertical transmission of genetic problems to the offspring.</p>


Subject(s)
Abortion, Spontaneous , Embryo Implantation , Embryo Transfer , Female , Humans , Infertility, Male , Therapeutics , Male , Male Urogenital Diseases , Therapeutics , Oocytes , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Vas Deferens , Congenital Abnormalities
2.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1020-1024, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319575

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the safety and feasibility of testis-sparing surgery (TSS) in the treatment of testicular tumor.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 8 cases of benign testicular tumor treated by TSS in our hospital from October 2005 to March 2012.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 8 patients, aged 18-67 (mean 45) years, were preoperatively diagnosed with benign testicular tumor and all underwent partial testis resection. Rapid intraoperative pathology showed the incisal margins to be negative. Postoperative pathological examination confirmed Sertoli cell tumor in 3 cases, adenomatoid tumor in another 3, and mature teratoma in the other 2. The patients were followed up for 6 months to 7 years (mean 4 years), which revealed no relapse and metastasis, nor significant differences from the baseline in the testosterone level, IIEF score, and routine semen parameters.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Testis-sparing surgery is one of the effective options for the management of benign testicular tumor, which can maximally preserve the testis tissue and protect the patient's sexual function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Organ Sparing Treatments , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Sertoli Cell Tumor , Pathology , General Surgery , Teratoma , Pathology , General Surgery , Testicular Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Testis
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