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1.
Rev. invest. clín ; 76(1): 45-59, Jan.-Feb. 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560128

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a subtype of breast cancer (BC) that lacks receptors for targeted therapy. Deeper insight into the molecular mechanisms regulating TNBC metastasis is urgently needed. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition process facilitates the metastasis of neighboring epithelial tumor cells. Protein kinase, membrane-associated tyrosine/threonine 1 (PKMYT1), a member of the Wee family of protein kinases, is upregulated in BC, and its high expression predicts poor prognosis in BC patients. Notch signaling activation is a pathognomonic feature of TNBC. PKMYT1 has been found to induce EMT in non-small cell lung cancer by activating Notch signaling. However, whether PKMYT1 exerts effects on TNBC progression by regulating Notch signaling remains unknown. Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate whether PKMYT1 exerts effects on TNBC progression by regulating Notch signaling. Methods: Fifty cases of surgically resected BC samples (tumor and adjacent non-tumor tissue samples) were collected from patients diagnosed with BC. We measured the expression of PKMYT1 in clinical samples with real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). For in vitro analysis, RT-qPCR and Western blotting were conducted to evaluate PKMYT1 expression in TNBC cells. Then, the viability, migration, and invasion of TNBC cells were detected by cell counting kit-8 assays, wound healing assays, and Transwell assays. The EMT event was examined by evaluating the levels of EMT-associated proteins. For in vivo analysis, xenograft models in nude mice were established to explore PKMYT1 roles. E-cadherin and Ki67 expression in xenograft models were estimated by immunohistochemistry staining. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed to assess tumor metastasis. The underlying mechanisms by which PKMYT1 affected the malignant phenotypes of TNBC cells were explored by Western blotting measuring the pathway-associated proteins. Results: PKMYT1 was upregulated in BC tissues and cells, and its knockdown prevented cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and EMT event in TNBC. Mechanistically, Notch signaling was inactivated by PKMYT1 depletion, and Notch activation abolished the PKMYT1 silencing-induced inhibition in the malignant phenotypes of TNBC cells. For in vivo analysis, PKMYT1 knockdown inhibited tumorigenesis and metastasis of TNBC. Conclusion: PKMYT1 promotes EMT, proliferation, migration, and invasion of TNBC cells and facilitates tumor growth and metastasis by activating Notch signaling.

2.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 419-436, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895269

ABSTRACT

We performed a systematic review to identify the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) as biomarkers in the progression of cervical precancerous lesions. A comprehensive search of the Cochrane Controlled Register of Trials, PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Embase databases was performed for articles published between January 2010 and June 2020. The following Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms were searched: “microRNA” and “cervical” and “lesion.” All study designs that aimed to evaluate the correlation of miRNA expression with different precancerous cervical staging and/or cervical cancer were included, except for case reports and case series. Approximately 82 individual miRNAs were found to be significant in differentiating the stages of cervical carcinogenesis. Among the miRNAs, miR-21 is the most prevalent, and it is consistently upregulated progressively from normal cervical to worsening cervical lesion stages in both cell and serum samples. miR-205 has been shown to have a higher specificity than human papilloma virus testing in predicting the absence of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSILs) in exfoliated cell samples. The tumor suppressor miRNAs miR-34, let-7, miR-203 miR-29, and miR-375 were significantly downregulated in low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, HSILs, and cervical cancer. We found significant dysregulated miRNAs in cervical carcinogenesis with their dynamic expression changes and ability to detect viral persistency, risk prediction of low-grade lesions (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia [CIN] 2) to high-grade lesions (CIN 3), and progression of CIN 3 to cancer. Their ability to discriminate HSILs from non-dysplastic lesions has potential implications in early diagnosis and reducing overtreatment of otherwise regressive early preinvasive lesions.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 430-436, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014354

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the pharmacological mechanism of Weimaining in the treatment of lung ade¬nocarcinoma ( LUAD) , using a network pharmacology and molecular docking approach. Methods The active components and potential targets of Weimanin ( Rhizo- ma Fagopyri Cymosi) were screened out through TCM- SP, TCMID, BATMAN-TCM and ETCM data plat-form, and supplemented with literature. The gene ex¬pression data of LUAD were obtained from the Gen Ex¬pression Omnibus database(GEO) , and the differenti¬ally expressed genes were determined using R software. A protein-protein interaction( PPI) network of intersec¬tion targets was constructed by STRING and visualized by Cytoscape software, and GO functional annotation and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were per¬formed by Metascape platform. Finally, molecular doc¬king studies were carried out to verify the binding of core components and targets. Results Selecting the OB and DL as filter condition, 16 active ingredients and 353 potential targets were involved. MMP-9, MMP-1, CAT and other targets were closely related to LUAD. The KEGG analysis showed that target genes were enriched in several key cancer-related signaling pathways, including the Fluid shear stress and athero¬sclerosis, Pathways in cancer, AGE-RAGE signaling pathway, p53 signaling pathway, etc. Conclusions The present study investigates the main active compo¬nents, targets and related pathways of Weimaining in the treatment of LUAD, which provides the theoretical basis and ideas for further research.

4.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 419-436, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902973

ABSTRACT

We performed a systematic review to identify the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) as biomarkers in the progression of cervical precancerous lesions. A comprehensive search of the Cochrane Controlled Register of Trials, PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Embase databases was performed for articles published between January 2010 and June 2020. The following Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms were searched: “microRNA” and “cervical” and “lesion.” All study designs that aimed to evaluate the correlation of miRNA expression with different precancerous cervical staging and/or cervical cancer were included, except for case reports and case series. Approximately 82 individual miRNAs were found to be significant in differentiating the stages of cervical carcinogenesis. Among the miRNAs, miR-21 is the most prevalent, and it is consistently upregulated progressively from normal cervical to worsening cervical lesion stages in both cell and serum samples. miR-205 has been shown to have a higher specificity than human papilloma virus testing in predicting the absence of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSILs) in exfoliated cell samples. The tumor suppressor miRNAs miR-34, let-7, miR-203 miR-29, and miR-375 were significantly downregulated in low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, HSILs, and cervical cancer. We found significant dysregulated miRNAs in cervical carcinogenesis with their dynamic expression changes and ability to detect viral persistency, risk prediction of low-grade lesions (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia [CIN] 2) to high-grade lesions (CIN 3), and progression of CIN 3 to cancer. Their ability to discriminate HSILs from non-dysplastic lesions has potential implications in early diagnosis and reducing overtreatment of otherwise regressive early preinvasive lesions.

5.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 39: 91-97, may. 2019. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1052260

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lipases are extensively exploited in lots of industrial fields; cold-adapted lipases with alkali-resistance are especially desired in detergent industry. Penicillium cyclopium lipase I (PCL) might be suitable for applications of detergent industry due to its high catalytic efficiency at low temperature and relatively good alkali stability. In this study, to better meet the requirements, the alkali stability of PCL was further improved via directed evolution with error-prone PCR. RESULTS: The mutant PCL (N157F) with an improved alkali stability was selected based on a high-throughput activity assay. After incubating at pH 11.0 for 120 min, N157F retained 70% of its initial activity, which was 23% higher than that of wild type PCL. Combined with the three-dimensional structure analysis, N157F exhibited an improved alkali stability under the high pH condition due to the interactions of hydrophilicity and ß-strand propensity. Conclusions: This work provided the theoretical foundation and preliminary data for improving alkali stability of PCL to meet the industrial requirements, which is also beneficial to improving alkali-tolerance ability of other industrial enzymes via molecular modification.


Subject(s)
Penicillium/enzymology , Enzyme Stability , Detergent Industry , Lipase/metabolism , Penicillium/isolation & purification , Penicillium/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Cold Temperature , Alkalies , Biocatalysis , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Lipase/isolation & purification , Lipase/genetics , Mutation
6.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 306-306, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705331

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of total flavonoids of bugloss(TFB)on left ventricular (LV)remodeling after myocardial infarction(MI),LV size and function was compared in mice subjected to left anterior descending coronary artery ligation. METHODS 28 d after MI, the infarcted fraction of the LV and LV mass, systolic and diastolic function were measured. Capillary density and myocyte width in the nonischemic portion of the LV were also determined.RESULTS 28 d after MI,both groups had dilated LVs with decreased fractional shortening and lower ejection fractions. Although the infarcted size of the LV was similar in both groups,LV end-diastolic internal diameter,end-diastolic volume,and mass were lower, but fractional shortening, ejection fraction, and the maximum rate of developed LV pressure(dp/dtmax)were greater in TFB treated mice than in control mice.Impairment of diastolic func-tion, as measured by the time constant of isovolumic relaxation (t) and the maximum rate of LV pres-sure decay(dp/dtmin),was more marked in control mice than in TFB treated mice.Mortality after MI was greater in control mice than in TFB treated mice.In control mice,capillary density and myocyte width in the nonischemic portion of the LV did not differ before and 28 days after MI, whereas in TFB treated mice, capillary density increased and myocyte width declined after MI. CONCLUSION These results suggest that the presence of TFB limits LV dysfunction and remodeling in a murine model of MI in part by decreasing myocyte hypertrophy in the remote myocardium.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2238-2241, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669380

ABSTRACT

·AIM: To observe the therapeutic effect of visual perception training combined with total nutrition meal sequential therapy in the treatment of myopic amblyopia.·METHODS:Totally 73 children ( 135 eyes ) with myopic amblyopia were divided into control group ( 36 cases, 67 eyes) and treatment group (37 cases, 68 eyes) according to random number table. The control group were treated with traditional spectaculars and grating covering combined with fine eyesight training;the treatment group were treated with visual perception training combined with total nutrient meal sequential therapy. The visual acuity, diopter and average diopter of two groups were compared before and after treatment at 3, 6mo and 1a. The curative effect of two groups of children was compared after 1a treatment. And the adverse reactions were recorded in two groups during the treatment period. The recurrence rate of amblyopia in 1a follow-up was compared between two groups.·RESULTS: The difference of visual acuity between two groups was not significant at 3mo (P>0. 05). The visual acuity of the treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control group at 6mo and 1a (P<0. 05). There was no significant difference in diopter between the two groups after 3, 6mo and 1a (P>0. 05), but the average annual refractive changes in the treatment group were significantly lower than that in the control group ( P<0. 05). The basic cure rate and total effective rate of the treatment group were significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0. 05). There were no severe adverse reactions occurred between two groups during the treatment period. The recurrence rate of amblyopia in the treatment group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0. 05) after 1a follow-up.· CONCLUSION: Visual perception training combined with total nutrition meal sequential therapy in the treatment of myopic amblyopia in preschool children can significantly improve patients' visual acuity, reduce the average annual diopter changes, improve the therapeutic effect, reduce the recurrence rate of amblyopia.

8.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 924-931, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33809

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To distinguish lupus flare-up from infection in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we analyze the expression of circulating CD27(high) plasma cells in SLE patients with and without infection, in comparison to non-SLE patients with infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The percentage of circulating CD27(high) plasma cells was measured by flow cytometry in the following four groups: 36 SLE patients without infection, 23 SLE patients with infection, eight non-SLE patients with infection, and 26 healthy controls. RESULTS: The frequency of CD27(high) plasma cells had a correlation with the SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) (r = 0.866, p < 0.05), level of anti-dsDNA (r = 0.886, p < 0.05), C3 (r = - 0.392, p < 0.05), and C4 (r = - 0.337, p < 0.05) in SLE patients without infection, but there was no correlation with disease activity in SLE patients with infection. Among three groups in particular-SLE without infection, SLE with infection, and non-SLE with infection-the percentages of CD27(high) plasma cells were elevated. The percentage of CD27(high) plasma cells was higher in SLE patients with infection, when compared to SLE patients without infection. CONCLUSION: The percentage of CD27(high) plasma cells is a biomarker for disease activity of SLE without infection, under correlation with SLEDAI, anti-dsDNA, and C3 and C4 level. However, when the SLE patients have an infection, the percentage of CD27(high) plasma cells is not an adequate biomarker for the survey of disease activity. The percentage of CD27(high) plasma cells may serve as a potential parameter to distinguish a lupus flare-up from infection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor Superfamily, Member 7/biosynthesis , Bacterial Infections/complications , Biomarkers/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Flow Cytometry/methods , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/blood , Plasma Cells/cytology , Virus Diseases/complications
9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 100-103, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381136

ABSTRACT

Objective The severe hypospadias is present with complicated deformity,and the successful rate of treatment is low with high complication rate.Here is to present a kind of useful and reliable treatment for it.Methods From 2004 to 2005,the scrotal septal island skin flap combined with the scrotal split thickness skin graft to form the neourethra in a stage was used to treat the hypospadias without underdeveloped scrotum.Results A total of 15 patients including proximal penile,penioscrotum and scrotal hypospadias who were followed up for about 1 year healed well without the occurrence of urethral stricture and urethral fistula,the penile curvature was corrected and the urine line was direct,and the endoscopic examination showed the inner wall of the urethra was smooth and intact.Conclusions The application of the scrotum septum flap combined with the scrotal splitted thickness skin graft to form the neourethra in one stage is reliable to treat the severe hypospadias with the simple procedure.The combined technique has obtained both the advantages of the skin graft and the skin flap to form the neourethra,and it could be used to correct the curvature of the penile.Thus the satisfactory result of the appearance and the function could be achieved.The technique is an excellent procedure.

10.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 452-454, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325820

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore a technique for the treatment of severe hypospadias.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>At the first stage, the proximal end of the urethra plate was divided and the chordee was corrected, followed by skin graft at the ventral surface of penis. The urethroplasty was performed at the second stage half a year later.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>From Feb. 2004 to Mar. 2005, 17 cases were treated successfully without any complication. After one year of following up, the appearance of glan and the urethral meatus was good and the chordee was corrected completely. The appearance of penis and scrotum was also satisfactory.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The technique is easily performed and very suitable for penile and penoscrotal junction hypospadias with severe chordee.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Male , Young Adult , Hypospadias , General Surgery , Penis , General Surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Methods , Skin Transplantation , Methods , Urethra , General Surgery
11.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 211-213, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255070

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To reconstruct tracheal defect after tumor excision, we used the contralateral musculo-periosteum flap of the sternocleidomastoideus with clavicular periosteum.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The contralateral musculo-periosteum flap of the sternocleidomastoideus with clavicular periosteum was used to reconstruct the tracheal defect when the blood supply to the ipsilateral sternocleidomastoideus was destroyed because of lymphonode clearing or radiotherapy. The pedicle of the musculo-periosteum flap was dissected adequately and the blood supply was protected carefully.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All flaps survived with epithelization and osteogenesis. The endotracheal tubes were pulled out safely without trachea stenosis in all the patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The contralateral musculo-periosteum flap of the sternocleidomastoideus with clavicular periosteum could reconstruct the tracheal defect when the ipsilateral blood supply was damaged. This method extends the application of the musculo-periosteum flap.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Clavicle , Transplantation , Follow-Up Studies , Muscle, Skeletal , Transplantation , Periosteum , Transplantation , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Methods , Surgical Flaps , Trachea , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery
12.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 273-275, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256432

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To find a new method to perform medial canthoplasty and upper eyelid fold formation at one stage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on the principle to release the skin tension and minimize incision scarring around the medial canthus, an operation was designed for medial canthoplasty together with upper eyelid fold formation. 136 patients with mild or moderate epicanthus underwent this procedure. Postoperative follow-up was as long as 34 months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Based on the follow-up of 67 cases, the appearances of the upper eyelid fold and medial canthus were evaluated. The upper eyelid fold was the parallel type. The epicanthus was corrected completely or mostly.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This new method for medial canthoplasty together with upper eyelid fold formation is suitable to all the simple epicanthus except the reverse epicanthus. The operative results were effective and satisfactory.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Blepharoplasty , Methods , Cicatrix , Eyelids , General Surgery , Postoperative Period , Skin
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