Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 18 de 18
Filter
1.
São Paulo med. j ; 142(3): e2022264, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515597

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The cardiopulmonary function of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is significantly lower than that of patients with simple snoring and is significantly related to the severity of OSA. Currently, only a few studies have been conducted on cardiopulmonary exercise testing in overweight patients with OSA. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the correlation between cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) indices and the condition of overweight patients with OSA. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective study in Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine. METHODS: This study included 73 hospitalized overweight patients. The patients were divided into no, mild, moderate, and severe OSA groups. Differences in the CPET indices among the four groups were compared. The correlation between the CPET indices and conditions was analyzed. RESULTS: No, mild, moderate, and severe OSA groups had 18 men and 5 women, 11 men and 3 women, 12 men and 2 women, and 21 men and 1 woman, respectively (P > 0.05). No significant difference was observed in resting pulmonary function among the four groups (P > 0.05). In the CPET, the anaerobic threshold, maximum oxygen uptake, and oxygen pulse were significantly lower in the severe OSA group than those in the normal OSA group (P < 0.05). Moreover, CPET indices negatively correlated with the apnea-hypopnea index. CONCLUSION: Changes in CPET indices occurred earlier than changes in resting pulmonary function in patients with OSA. CPET might be a potential method for evaluating the severity of OSA combined with overweight status.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 133-137, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011408

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the pattern of change of axial length/curvatrue radius ratio (AL/CR) and associated factors in primary and secondary school students in Yunnan, so as to provide scientific basis and prospective guidance for early myopia intervention and control.@*Methods@#A total of 685 students from grades 2 to 3 and grade 7 in 2 cities/counties in Yunnan Province were selected by multi stage stratified random cluster sampling method in 2020. All the participants were followed up twice with questionnaire of myopia related factors, uncorrected distance visual acuity, and refractive parameter measurement from October,2021 and March,2023,respectivelty. The distribution and change of AL/CR in different classes and groups were analyzed, and the influencing factos of AL/CR cumulative progression were explored using generalized linear model.@*Results@#AL/CR ratio in primary school students was (2.95±0.09) at baseline, increased to (2.99±0.11) at the first follow up and (3.04±0.12) at the second follow up. AL/CR ratio in middle school students(3.08±0.13) at baseline, increased to (3.12±0.15) at the first follow up and (3.15±0.14) at the second follow up. The generalized linear model showed that after controlling for environmental factors, ethnicity ( β =-0.017) , cumulative progression of the SE ( β =-0.027) influenced the changes of AL/CR ratio among the primary school students, whereas the changes of AL/CR ratio were associated with baseline AL ( β =-0.005), baseline corneal curvatrue radius ( β =0.032) and cumulative progression of SE( β =-0.035) among middle school students ( P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#The AL/CR ratio of primary and secondary school students in Yunnan can be used to judge different refractive status types, but its variation is not only related to SE progression, but also affected by different ethnic groups and baseline ocular biological parameters. so the value of AL/CR application in assessing the progression of myopia needs to be further confirmed.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1497-1500, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997211

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the prevalence and factors influencing the inconsistency for knowledge and behavior in condom use among college students, so as to provide suggestions for AIDS prevention and education in universities.@*Methods@#From October to December 2019, a multistage cluster sampling method was employed to collect data relating to inconsistency for knowledge and behavior in condom use and other related factors among 1 303 students from six colleges in Zhuhai, China. Chi square test and Logistic regression were performed to analyze the influencing factors and moderating effect.@*Results@#The reporting rate of in consistency of knowledge and behavior in condom use among college students was 41.1%. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that seeking sexual partners offline was negatively correlated with inconsistency for knowledge and behavior in condom use ( OR=0.70, 95%CI =0.51-0.95). However, condom nonuse during the first sexual experience (OR=7.11, 95%CI=5.23-9.67), smoking before sex ( OR=1.47, 95%CI =1.07-2.02), drinking before sex ( OR=1.44, 95%CI =1.09-1.91), history of intimate partner violence ( OR=1.53, 95%CI =1.13-2.07), and having multiple sexual partners ( OR=1.69, 95%CI =1.25-2.29) were positively correlated with inconsistency for knowledge and behavior in condom use ( P <0.05). The moderating effect analysis showed that condom use during the first sexual experience had a moderating effect on smoking before sex and inconsistency for knowledge and behavior in condom use ( β=0.92, P <0.05). Among students who did not use condoms during the first sexual experience, a positive correlation was observed between smoking before sex and inconsistency for knowledge and behavior in condom use ( OR= 2.76 , 95%CI=1.09-6.99, P <0.05). However, no correlation was found between smoking before sex and inconsistency for knowledge and behavior in condom use ( OR=1.32, 95%CI=0.92-1.88, P >0.05) among students who used condoms during the first sexual experience.@*Conclusion@#High levels of inconsistency for knowledge and behavior in condom use are found among college students in Zhuhai City. Colleges should carry out sex education activities as soon as possible, and explore new health education models to promote the transformation of their knowledge into behavior.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1387-1391, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996306

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the related factors of myopia among children and adolescents in Yunnan Province, and to predict and evaluate the influencing factors, so as to provide a scientific theoretical basis for the prevention and control of myopia.@*Methods@#From March 9 to 14, 2023, 848 students from 6 primary and secondary schools in Dali and Lijiang of Yunnan Province were selected by multi stage stratified random cluster sampling method for visual acuity detection and questionnaire survey on myopia related factors. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to establish a Nomogram prediction model for the selected influencing factors.@*Results@#The overall myopia rate of the respondents was 68.3%, the myopia rate of boys (63.4%) was lower than that of girls (72.9%), and the myopia rate of primary school students (46.7%) was lower than that of junior high school students (81.1%), and the difference was statistically significant( χ 2=8.71, 108.07, P <0.05). Daily eye exercises, activities outside the teaching building during recess, having daily sleep time of 7-9 and >9 h, having both parents without myopia were negatively correlated with the occurrence of myopia in children and adolescents in Yunnan Province ( OR=0.64, 0.63, 0.56, 0.28, 0.48, P < 0.05 ). The reading and writing time after school ≥3 h per day and parents unrestricted time to play video games were positively correlated with myopia ( OR=1.94, 1.78, P <0.05). Based on the influencing factors, a Nomogram prediction model was established to quantitatively evaluate the risk of myopia. The results showed that greater risk for myopia was associated with sleep duration, parental history of myopia, and the time spent reading and writing after school every day.@*Conclusion@#Both genetic factors and environmental factors are related to myopia in children and adolescents. The prediction model of nomogram is beneficial for screening high risk factors of myopia and taking corresponding prevention and treatment measures.

5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 55: e12002, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403918

ABSTRACT

Regulatory T cells (Tregs) play critical roles in restricting inflammatory pathogenesis and limiting undesirable Th2 response to environmental allergens. However, the role of miR-181a in regulating acute gouty arthritis (AGA) and Treg function remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the potential roles of miR-181a in Treg immunity and the associated signaling pathway in the AGA mouse model. A solution with monosodium urate (MSU) crystals was injected into the joint tissue of mice to induce AGA. ELISA was used to examine inflammatory factors in blood samples, and flow cytometry was used to analyze Treg profile in mice with MSU-induced AGA. Cell proliferation and viability were assessed by CCK-8 assay. TGF-β1/Smad signaling activation was detected by western blot. We found that miR-181a expression showed a positive correlation with the changes of splenic Tregs percentage in AGA mice. miR-181a regulated the TGF-β1/Smad axis, since the transfection of miR-181a mimic increased the level of TGF-β1 and the phosphorylation of Smad2/3 in Tregs in AGA mice. Additionally, miR-181a mimic also promoted responses of Tregs via TGF-β1 in vitro and in vivo. Our work uncovered a vital role of miR-181a in the immune function of Treg cells by mediating the activity of the TGF-β1/Smad pathway in the AGA mouse model induced by MSU.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 711-714, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934698

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the experience of child sexual abuse (CSA) and depressive symptoms among young men who sex with men (YMSM) in Guangzhou, and then to explore the impact of CSA on depressive symptoms.@*Methods@#A convenient sampling method was used to recruit MSM. YMSM who aged 18-24 and have lived in Guangzhou for more than 3 months were included in this study. Data on demographic characteristics, homosexual partners seeking behaviors, sexual orientation, CSA experience and depression were collected through an electronic questionnaire. χ 2 tests were used to compare the proportion of CSA and depressive symptoms among YMSM with different characteristics. Logistic regressions were preformed to assess the impact of CSA on depression.@*Results@#The proportion of CSA experience and depressive symptoms among participants were 31.51% (115/365) and 47.95% (175/365), respectively. Participants with junior high school education or lower and who sought homosexual partners offline reported(75.00%,62.22%) a higher proportion of depressive symptoms( χ 2=7.97,4.19, P <0.05). After adjusting for factors e.g. ethnicity, residence, resident duration in Guangzhou, studentship, education, monthly income, sexual orientation and homosexual partners seeking behaviors, the multivariable Logistic regression model showed that YMSM with CSA experience (a OR=1.81, 95%CI =1.12-2.93) were more likely to have depressive symptoms than those without CSA experience.@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of CSA experience and depressive symptom is relatively high among YMSM in Guangzhou, and CSA experience is associated with higher risk of depressive symptoms. More attention should be paid to strengthen the psychological intervention for YMSM, especially for those who experienced CSA, so as to reduce the risk of depression and improve mental health among YMSM.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 411-414, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819284

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand prevention and control of infectious disease among primary schools in Xi’an. @*Methods@#A total of 93 primary schools were selected through multi-stage stratified sampling method from 14 counties in Xi’an, then these schools are surveyed to meaure the classroom ventilation.@*Results@#About 28.0% (26/93) of these schools met the national standard for health staffs, with 7.4%(4/54) in urban primary schools and 56.4% in rural primary schools (22/39), the difference between urban and rural areas is statistically significant(P<0.01). Urban primary schools were better than rural primary schools in morning inspection, registration and tracking for illness, verification of vaccination certificates, surveillance and reporting of epidemic outbreaks, verification of school recovery(P<0.05). The average per capita area among the 92 primary schools was (1.22±0.34) m2, with (1.08±0.26) m2 in urban primary schools and (1.42±0.33) m2 in rural primary schools, the difference between urban and rural areas was statistically significant (P<0.01). The average per capita ventilation area of 92 primary schools was (0.15±0.07) m2 with (0.13±0.04) m2 in urban primary schools and (0.19±0.08) m2 in rural primary schools, the difference between urban and rural areas was statistically significant (P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#School-based infectious diseases prevention and control needs to be improved in Xi’an, especially in health personnel. Urban schools appear superior in the prevention and control of infectious diseases and sanitary conditions, while rural schools appear superior in student density and classroom ventilation.

8.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 23-29, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751051

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of leptin on the proliferation of stem cells from human stem cells from the apical papilla (hSCAPs) and the expression of osteogenic/dentinogenic genes in vitro to provide an experimental basis for the sustainable development of young permanent teeth. @* Methods @#The tissue block method was used to isolate and culture hSCAPs from the apical papilla of the immature third permanent molar. The expression of leptin and OBRb in hSCAPs was detected using immunocytofluorescence staining, western blotting and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. The hSCAPs was treated with 0.1 μg/mL of leptin (0.1 μg/mL group) or 1.5 μg/mL of leptin (1.5 μg/mL group) at different time points. The control group was treated with alpha-MEM medium. Cell proliferation was measured using the CCK8 assay and cell cycle analysis. QRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of related osteoblast/odontogenic genes for alkaline phosphatase (ALP), dentin matrix protein -1 (DMP-1), dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), and osteocalcin (OCN) mRNA. The differences between the treatment groups and the control group were analyzed statistically using one-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni analysis.@*Results@#The expression of both leptin and OBRb were found in hSCAPs. Compared with the control group, the cell proliferation capacity and S phase cells in the treatment groups were higher than those in the control group, with the 1.5 μg /mL group displaying higher levels than 0.1 μg /mL group, and the treated hSCAPs demonstrated a higher proliferation rate and a higher expression of ALP, DSPP, and DMP-1 from day 3 to day 7, with the 1.5 μg /mL group displaying higher levels than 0.1 μg /mL group , and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05), at day 7. The treated hSCAPs demonstrated a lower expression of ALP, DSPP, and DMP-1. Compared with the control group, the treated hSCAPs demonstrated a higher expression of OCN from day 7 to day 14, with significantly higher expression in the 1.5 μg /mL group compared to the 0.1 μg /mL group.@*Conclusion@#Leptin may promote cell proliferation and upregulate the expression of relative osteogenic/dentinogenic genes.

9.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(supl.1): 236-245, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974331

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Salinity and alkalinity are major abiotic stresses that limit growth and development of poplar. We investigated biocontrol potential of saline- and alkaline-tolerant mutants of Trichoderma asperellum to mediate the effects of salinity or alkalinity stresses on Populus davidiana × P. alba var. pyramidalis (PdPap poplar) seedlings. A T-DNA insertion mutant library of T. asperellum was constructed using an Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediated transformation system; this process yielded sixty five positive transformants (T1-T65). The salinity tolerant mutant, T59, grew in Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) containing up to 10% (1709.40 mM) NaCl. Under NaCl-rich conditions, T59 was most effective in inhibiting Alternaria alternata (52.00%). The alkalinity tolerant mutants, T3 and T5, grew in PDA containing up to 0.4% (47.62 mM) NaHCO3. The ability of the T3 and T5 mutants to inhibit Fusarium oxysporum declined as NaHCO3 concentrations increased. NaHCO3 tolerance of the PdPap seedlings improved following treatment with the spores of the WT, T3, and T5 strains. The salinity tolerant mutant (T59) and two alkalinity tolerant mutants (T3 and T5) generated in this study can be applied to decrease the incidence of pathogenic fungi infection under saline or alkaline stress.


Subject(s)
Plant Diseases/microbiology , Trichoderma/physiology , Sodium Chloride/metabolism , Populus/growth & development , Alkalies/metabolism , Alternaria/physiology , Antibiosis , Plant Diseases/prevention & control , Stress, Physiological , Trichoderma/genetics , Populus/microbiology , Seedlings/growth & development , Seedlings/microbiology
10.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469665

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Salinity and alkalinity are major abiotic stresses that limit growth and development of poplar. We investigated biocontrol potential of saline- and alkaline-tolerant mutants of Trichoderma asperellum to mediate the effects of salinity or alkalinity stresses on Populus davidiana × P. alba var. pyramidalis (PdPap poplar) seedlings. A T-DNA insertion mutant library of T. asperellum was constructed using an Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediated transformation system; this process yielded sixty five positive transformants (T1T65). The salinity tolerant mutant, T59, grew in Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) containing up to 10% (1709.40 mM) NaCl. Under NaCl-rich conditions, T59 was most effective in inhibiting Alternaria alternata (52.00%). The alkalinity tolerant mutants, T3 and T5, grew in PDA containing up to 0.4% (47.62 mM) NaHCO3. The ability of the T3 and T5 mutants to inhibit Fusarium oxysporum declined as NaHCO3 concentrations increased. NaHCO3 tolerance of the PdPap seedlings improved following treatment with the spores of the WT, T3, and T5 strains. The salinity tolerant mutant (T59) and two alkalinity tolerant mutants (T3 and T5) generated in this study can be applied to decrease the incidence of pathogenic fungi infection under saline or alkaline stress.

11.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 228-235, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239597

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the influence of long-term highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on bone metabolism in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 82 AIDS patients who received HAART in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University Medical School during January 2012 and May 2016 were enrolled in the study. Patients were divided into TDF group (n=41) and AZT group (n=41), and glomerular filtration rate (GFR), serum calcium, serum phosphate and serum ALP levels in 6, 12, 18, 24 and 30-month during the treatment were analyzed in both groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both TDF-based and AZT-based therapies significantly improved CD4(+) T-cell levels of the patients, and no significant difference was observed between the groups. Compared with the baseline, GFR [(120.71±62.85) vs(110.08±39.18) mL/min] and serum phosphate [(1.25±0.19) vs(1.22±0.21) mmol/L] levels rose after 6-month treatment in TDF group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05); Serum ALP [99.0(79.5-124.0) U/L vs 80.0(60.5-96.0) U/L] and serum calcium [(2.32±0.12) vs(2.25±0.17) mmol/L] levels rose significantly (P<0.05). As treatment continued, the levels of GFR, serum calcium and serum phosphate declined, while the serum ALP number was still increasing. After 30 months of HAART, the level of serum calcium [(2.16±0.15) vs(2.25±0.17) mmol/L], serum phosphate [(1.06±0.17) vs(1.22±0.21) mmol/L], GFR [(98.13±30.43) vs (110.08±39.18) mL/min] declined significantly (P<0.05) in TDF group, while serum ALP [110.0(98.5-120.5) U/L vs 80.0(60.5-96.0) U/L, P<0.05] increased. In AZT group, serum calcium and serum ALP levels rose and GFR level was declined (P<0.05), while serum phosphate level was not significantly changed during the treatment (P>0.05). Compared with AZT group, there were greater changes on the levels of GFR, serum calcium, serum phosphate and serum ALP in TDF group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HAART is effective for patients with AIDS, and TDF-based therapy may have significant impact on bone metabolism of the patients, which needs close monitoring and timely intervention or adjustment if necessary.</p>

12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 48(1): 56-63, jan-feb/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-742972

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Toxoplasma gondii infection has been described as the most widespread zoonotic infection of humans and other animals. Information concerning T. gondii infection among schoolchildren is unavailable in Lagos City, Nigeria. METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated the seroprevalence and risk factors associated with T. gondii infection among primary schoolchildren (PSC) from a community located in the center of Lagos, southern Nigeria, from November 2013 to March 2014. A total of 382 PSC were screened for the presence of sera anti-T. gondii antibodies using a latex agglutination test (TOXO Test-MT, Tokyo, Japan). A cutoff titer of ≥ 1:32 was considered positive, while titers ≥ 1:1,024 indicated high responders. Questionnaires were also used to obtain data on possible risk factors from parents/guardians. RESULTS: The overall seroprevalence was 24% (91/382), and 83.5% (76/91) of seropositive PSC were classified as high responders. Among the risk factors tested, including contact with cats and soil, consumption of raw meat and vegetables, and drinking unboiled water, none showed statistical significance after multivariate adjustment. No associations were observed among age, gender, body mass index (BMI), and parents' occupation/educational level. CONCLUSIONS: The findings in this study show evidence of active infection, and hence, there is need for urgent preventive measures in this city. Further investigation is required to clarify the transmission routes. Policy makers also need to initiate prevention and control programs to protect pregnant women and immunocompromised patients in particular because they are more severely affected by T. gondii infection. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , HIV , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Sex Workers/statistics & numerical data , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Demography , HIV , HIV Infections/virology , HIV Seroprevalence , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Sexual Behavior , Socioeconomic Factors , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/microbiology , Uganda/epidemiology
13.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 820-822, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237932

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the curative effect of Zhiyang Pingfu Liquid (ZPL) in treating epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors (EGFRIs) associated adverse reactions of the skin.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>All 54 patients with pathologically confirmed malignant tumor had EGFRIs induced adverse reactions of the skin to various degrees. ZPL was externally applied for them all, once or twice per day, 14 days consisting of one therapeutic course. Changes of adverse skin reactions, time for symptoms relief, adverse skin reaction types suitable for ZPL were observed before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>EGFRIs associated skin adverse reactions were improved to various degrees after they used ZPL. The shortest symptoms relief time was 1 day while the longest was 12 days, with an average of 6.93 days and the median time 7 days. Compared with before treatment, itching, rash/scaling, acne/acneform eruptions were obviously improved (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ZPL could alleviate EGFRls associated adverse skin reactions, especially showed better effect on itching, rash/scaling, acne/acneform eruptions.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents , Biomedical Research , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Exanthema , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pruritus , ErbB Receptors , Skin , Skin Diseases , Drug Therapy
14.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 1236-1243, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237867

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of Shengjiang Xiexin Decoction (SXD) on the intestinal mucosal and functional cells of rats after irinotecan (CPT-11) chemotherapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 24 healthy Sprague-Dawley (SD) male rats were divided into three groups, the normal control group, the CPT-11 group, the SXD combined CPT-11 group according to random digit table, 8 in each group. CPT-11 was injected at the daily dose of 150 mg/kg to rats in the CPT-11 group and the SXD combined CPT-11 group from the caudal vein on the 4th day, once daily for 2 successive days to duplicate delayed diarrhea model. Equal volume of normal saline was injected to rats in the normal control group from the caudal vein. SXD at 2 g/mL (10 g/kg body weight) was administered to rats in the SXD combined CPT-11 group by gastrogavage for 9 successive days. Deionized water was administered to rats in the CPT-11 group and the normal control group. Diarrhea was observed at 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, and 108 h to calculate the incidence rate of diarrhea. Meanwhile, scoring for diarrhea was performed by referring methods of Akinobu Kurita. Rats were killed on day 10, ileum, cecum, and colon tissues were collected and fixed in 10% formalin solution. HE staining was performed. Intestinal mucosa injuries were graded under light microscope according to the criterion of Chiu's score. The expressions of goblet cells and Paneth cells were observed by PAS stain. Enteroendocrine cells were observed by immunohistochemical CgA staining. Positive cells were counted and cumulative optical density (IOD) analyzed by Image-Pro-Plus 6.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No diarrhea occurred in rats of the normal control group at each time point. The incidence rate of diarrhea was 75.0% (6/8) at 48 h, 100.0% (8/8) at 60 h, 100.0% (8/8) at 72 h, 87.5% (7/8) at 84 h, 75.0% (6/8) at 96 h, and 75.0% (6/8) at 108 h in the CPT-11 group. The incidence rate of diarrhea was 25.0% (2/8) at 48 h, 50.0% (4/8) at 60 h, 12.5% (1/8) at 72 h, 0.0% (0/8) at 84 h in the SXD combined CPT-11 group. Compared with the same group at 60 h, scores for diarrhea at 48, 84, 96, and 108 h obviously decreased in the CPT-11 group, and scores for diarrhea at 48, 72, 84, 96, and 108 h obviously decreased in the SXD combined CPT-11 group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Compared with the same group at 72 h, scores for diarrhea at 84, 96, and 108 h obviously decreased in the CPT-11 group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Compared with the normal control group, scores for diarrhea increased in the CPT-11 group at each time point (P < 0.01); grading of ileum, cecum, and colon mucosal tissues increased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01); expressions of ileum and cecum mucosal epithelial goblet cells obviously decreased (P < 0.05); the number and expressions of ileum and cecum mucosal epithelial Paneth cells increased (P < 0.01). Expressions of ilium endocrine cells increased, while those of cecum and colon endocrine cells decreased in the CPT-11 group (P < 0.01). Compared with the CPT-11 group, scores for diarrhea were obviously lowered (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), grading of ileum, and cecum mucosal tissues decreased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01); expressions of ileum, cecum, and colon mucosal epithelial goblet cells obviously increased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01); the number and expressions of ileum cecum mucosal epithelial Paneth cells increased (P < 0.05); expressions of cecum and colon endocrine cells increased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01) in the SXD combined CPT-11 group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SXD played roles in preventing and treating CPT-11 induced delayed diarrhea by improving CPT-11 chemotherapy induced apoptosis and necrosis of intestinal mucosal and functional cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Apoptosis , Camptothecin , Colon , Diarrhea , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Ileum , Intestinal Mucosa , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Wound Healing
15.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 40(4): 827-837, Oct.-Dec. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-528165

ABSTRACT

Phylogenetic composition of bacterial community in soil of a karst forest was analyzed by culture-independent molecular approach. The bacterial 16S rRNA gene was amplified directly from soil DNA and cloned to generate a library. After screening the clone library by RFLP, 16S rRNA genes of representative clones were sequenced and the bacterial community was analyzed phylogenetically. The 16S rRNA gene inserts of 190 clones randomly selected were analyzed by RFLP and generated 126 different RFLP types. After sequencing, 126 non-chimeric sequences were obtained, generating 113 phylotypes. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the bacteria distributed in soil of the karst forest included the members assigning into Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Planctomycetes, Chloroflexi (Green nonsulfur bacteria), Bacteroidetes, Verrucomicrobia, Nitrospirae, Actinobacteria (High G+C Gram-positive bacteria), Firmicutes (Low G+C Gram-positive bacteria) and candidate divisions (including the SPAM and GN08).


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Gene Amplification , Genes, Bacterial , In Vitro Techniques , Phylogeny , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Methods , Soil , Methods , Trees
16.
Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639422

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feature of clinical and laboratory and therapy in childern with idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderlsis(IPH).Methods The clinical and laboratory datas of 50 cases with IPH were studied from Jan.1996 to Jan.2006.The hemogram,the metabolism of ferrum,the cellular test of bone marrow,finding the hemosiderin cells in sputum or gastric juice or bronchovesicular juice and ma-nifestation were analyzed.Results IPH were often found in children aged 6 to 14 years old.Coungh and spitting blood and anemia were the most important clinical feature.X-ray manifestations were various.The diagnosis of IPH was based on clinical feature and finding out the he-mosiderin cells in sputum or gastric juice or bronchovesicular juice.X-ray and CT manifestations were important.At the same time,the secon-dary IPH was removed.The clinical symptom of IPH were relieved by using adrenal cortical hormone.Conclusions There is no specificity in children with IPH.X-ray,CT manifestations and finding the hemosiderin cells in sputum or gastric juice are helpful in diagnosis.Using adrenal cortical hormone will release symptom and prognosis.

17.
Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639391

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the property and diagnostic significancec of transnasal gastroscope(EG-470N5)in children with upper gastrointestinal tract disorders.Methods Sixty children with upper gastrointestinal tract disorders were examined by using EG-470N5.The scope was inserted either through nose(n=28)or via mouth(n=32).Beside the routine preparations,nasal spray of lidocaine or nasal drib of ephedrine was added to those who received nasal intubation.Results Examination of upper gastrointestinal tract subjects in all succed with no obvious side response in 28 cases(46.7%)who received the examination via nose,27 cases(45%)had mild nausea and 5 cases(8.3%)had serious nausea and dysphoria.Children with esophagostenosis and pyloristenosis and 2-day-old neonate were examined without adverse effect.Conclusions Transnasal gastroscope is preponderant to children due to its slim diameter and supple body,especially to those having swallow difficulty and confined tract.It is more favorable practical prospect than routine gastroscope.

18.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 562-564, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254300

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of taxol-based chemotherapy in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer (AGC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-nine patients with AGC treated with taxol-based protocols: taxol plus 5-fluouracil 17 patients, taxol plus cisplatin 10 patients, taxol plus epirubicin 2 patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-six patients were evaluated for clinical response. There was no complete response, PR 10 (34.5%), SD 12 (41.4%), PD 4 (13.8%). The total response rate was 34.5%. The clinical beneficial response rate was 72.4% (21/29). Median time to progression (mTTP) was 5.8 months and median overall survival time was 9.3 months. The main side effects were: suppression of bone marrow in 26 patients (89.7%), alopecia in 25 (86.2%), myodynia and arthrodynia in 23 (79.3%). There was no death during the treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Taxol-based chemotherapy is an effective and well tolerated regimen in the treatment of AUC, which can relieve suffering and improve quality of life of the patients. It can be used as the second-line therapy for relapsed advanced gastric cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Alopecia , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Cisplatin , Drug Administration Schedule , Epirubicin , Fluorouracil , Lymph Nodes , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Paclitaxel , Quality of Life , Remission Induction , Stomach Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL