Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 23
Filter
Add filters








Type of study
Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810475

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#To explore acute meningitis and encephalitis syndrome (AMES) surveillance in 4 China prefectures, to understand the epidemiological features and disease burden of neisseria meningitides (Nm) meningitis, streptococcus pneumoniae (Sp) meningitis, haemophilus influenza type b (Hib) meningitis and Japanese encephalitis and provide evidence for related disease prevention and control.@*Methods@#AMES surveillance were conducted in Jinan, Shandong Province and Yichang, Hubei Province in September 2006, and in 13 districts of Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province and Guigang City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in April 2007. Six hospitals in each city were selected as monitoring pilot hospitals to carry out reports of suspected cases of acute meningitis and encephalitis, case investigation, blood specimens and cerebrospinal fluid specimen collection, anti-JEV IgM antibody enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Nm, Sp and Hib culture and polymerase chain reaction detection, etc. According to the age group, the incidence of bacterial meningitis and Japanese encephalitis in local residents <20 years old was estimated.@*Results@#From 2006 to 2013, a total of 19 423 surveillance cases were reported in four cities, of which 11 071 (56.99%) were reported in the pilot hospitals. Of the 11 071 cases, 5 315 were tested for bacteriology and 9 180 were tested for anti-JEV IgM antibodies. Among the bacteriological tests, 176 cases were positive, including 75 cases of Nm positive, 91 cases of Sp positive and 10 cases of Hib positive. The incidence of three bacterial meningitis is estimated for people under 20 years old, with estimated incidence of Nm, Sp and Hib meningitis in children <5 years old was 0.46/100 000-0.71/100 000, 0.34/100 000-0.83/100 000 and 0.32/100 000-0.57/100 000 respectively; the estimated incidence of Nm and Sp meningitis in children aged 5-9 years was 0.59/100 000-1.14/100 000 and 0.50/100 000-1.66/100 000 respectively. In 732 cases of positive JE cases, the positive detection rates of <5 years old, 40-49 years old and ≥50 years old were 9.51% (95/999), 28.09% (66/235) and 33.85% (130/384), respectively. The estimated annual incidence rate of JE was 0.12/100 000-0.79/100 000.ratio of cases 1.19∶1. Most of cases (27.30%) were children and adolescents aged 5-14 years and those (26.84%) aged over 45 year.@*Conclusion@#The study found that primary and secondary school students are the key population of Nm meningitis, suggesting that it is necessary to explore the enhanced immunization study of meningococcal vaccine in this population; Sp has the possibility of occurrence in all age groups; <5 years old children are the main population of Hib meningitis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810469

ABSTRACT

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is the important viral encephalitis in China. In the 1940s, JE was confirmed to be epidemic in China. In 1971, the annual incidence rate was 20.92/100 000. Since 2008, JE vaccine was included in the national Expanded Program of Immunization (EPI). In 2013, the incidence of Japanese encephalitis decreased to 0.16/100 000. JE virus is divided into five genotypes, and genotype 1, 3 and 5 JE virus was isolated in China. Genotype 1 JE virus was the mainly genotype currently circulated in China. In recent years, the characteristics of the population of JE have been changed to adult, especially in the northern provinces of China. JE prevention and control faces new challenges.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805153

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the situation of ticks carrying pathogens in border areas of Heilongjiang province.@*Methods@#From 2009 to 2018, tick specimens were collected in Yichun, Daxing′anling area and Jiamusi in Heilongjiang province. A total of 2 530 ticks were studied, including 800 Ixodes persulcatus and 1 730 Dermacentor silvarum. Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV), omsk hemorrhagic fever virus (OHFV), langat virus (LGTV), powassan virus (POWV) were detected by real-time RT-PCR. Spotted fever group rickettsia (SFGR) and Borrelia burgdorferi sensulato (B.b.s.l) were detected by PCR in ticks collected from Jiamusi area.@*Results@#All tick speciments collected were negative for TBEV, SFTSV, OHFV, LGTV and POWV. Tick specimens from Jiamusi carried SFGR and B. b.s.l.with positive rates of 59.5% and 8.9%.@*Conclusions@#The ticks in border areas of Heilongjiang province carry spotted fever group rickettsia and Borrelia burgdorferi, and the carrying rate of spotted fever group rickettsia is high. The monitoring and control of ticks and tick-borne diseases should be strengthened.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804826

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the west nile virus (WNV) infection in Xinjiang, China.@*Methods@#Serum samples were collected from patients with fever and chicken in southern Xinjiang, 2012. The presence of WNV-specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies and neutralizing antibodies was examined through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and plaque reduction neutraization test (PRNT90).@*Results@#A total of 1 712 serum samples of outpatients and inpatients were collected in 8 counties in southern Xinjiang. As a result , 22 samples were positive for WNV IgM antibody and 48 samples were positive for WNV neutralization antibody, among which 21 WNV IgM antibody positive samples and 42 WNV neutralization antibody positive samples were from Jiashi county. Of 383 chicken serum samples collected in 4 counties in southern Xinjiang, only 28 samples were positive for WNV neutralizing antibody, interestingly, all positive chicken serum samples were collected from Jiashi county.@*Conclusions@#This study revealed that WNV infection occurred in human and poultry in southern Xinjiang, 2012, mainly in Jiashi county.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699196

ABSTRACT

Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT),being investigated as an effective treatment for inoperable gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumor,has gained much importance in recent years.With increasing data of clinical trials and the exploration of different radionuclides as well as the toxic and side effects,PRRT has developed continuously and play a marked role on the treatment of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumor.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806647

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and distribution characteristics of tick-borne encephalitis in China in 2014, and to provide scientific basis for formulating specific prevention and control measures.@*Methods@#The epidemic data were obtained from the "infectious disease report information management system" , using Excel 2016, GIS and other software to summarize and analyze the cases of tick borne encephalitis (TBE) reported, using the number of cases, incidence, composition ratio and other indicators to analyze and describe the TBE epidemiological characteristics in China in 2014.@*Results@#In 2014, a total of 322 cases of TBE were reported in 9 provinces in China, with an annual incidence of 0.024/100, 000 and 1 death of patient. The provinces with high number of cases were Jilin province, Inner mongolia autonomous region and Heilongjiang province, and the number of cases in the other six provinces is no more than two. TBE was distributed in spring and summer, and it is concentrated in May to July. The age of the affected population was mostly concentrated in 40-49 years old, the male-female ratio was 1.6∶1 (198/124), and the patients were dominantly farmers, household and unemployed workers, and forestry workers, they accounted for 49.40% (159/322), 26.40% (85/322) and 18.60% (60/322) of the national TBE cases respectively. The three hospitals that reported the most TBE cases in 2014 were Inner mongolia forestry general hospital, Jiangyuan People′s hospital of Baishan city, Jilin province and Mudanjiang forestry central hospital of Heilongjiang province. The number of reported cases in these three hospitals accounted for 68.6% of the whole country. The laboratory diagnosis rate of Inner mongolia forestry general hospital was the highest (91.9%).@*Conclusions@#In 2014, the incidence of TBE in China has continued to rise compared with the previous two years. The geographical focus is mainly on the forest areas of Daxing′anling, Xiaoxing′anling and Changbai Mountain.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805909

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analysis the genotype of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) in mosquitoes from Shandong province.@*Methods@#Mosquitoes were collected between August and September in Weishan county, Junan county, and Kenli county of Shandong province in 2016. Viruses were isolated by BHK-21 cell and identified by molecular method . Real-Time RT-PCR was conducted to detect the Japanese encephalitis virus carried by the mosquitoes.@*Results@#A total of 8418 mosquitoes divided into 81 pools including 3 species, Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Anopheles sinensis and Armigeres obturbans. Eight Japanese encephalitis viruses were isolated; 23 pools were positive by JEV specific real-time RT-PCR. Phylogenetic analysis on E sequence of JEV showed all JEV strains belonged to genotype Ⅰ JEV, and new strains that were homogenous with previous JEV strains isolated from Shandong.@*Conclusions@#Genotype Ⅰ JEV was the dominant genotype in Shandong province.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1381-1386, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738156

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution patterns of mosquitoes,midges and related arboviruses in Sichuan province.Methods Blood-sucking insects were collected from houses and pens,using the ultraviolet lights.Mosquito samples were classified according to morphologic characteristics and then stored at liquid nitrogen.All samples were incubated with BHK-21 and C6/36 cells for virus isolation and then detected for their viral genes.Sequences of the virus were identified and analyzed by molecular biological software,such as BioEdit 7.0.5.3,MEGA 6.0.Results In total,17 019 mosquitoes from 3 genera and 4 species and 12 700 midges were collected from the southeast regions of Sichuan province in 2016 and 2017.Among them,79.4% (13 519/17 019) belonged to Culex tritaeniorhynchus with 11.1% (1 897/17 019) as Armigeres subalbatus,5.5% (930/17 019) were Anopheles sinensis and 4.0% (673/17 019) were Anopheles sinensis 3 virus strains that isolated from Culex tritaeniorhynchus were identified as type Ⅰ Japanese encephalitis virus.Seven pools of mosquitoes isolated from Hejiang county were identified Japanese encephalitis virus gene positive through PCR amplification.With 4 pool midges were detected positive for Akabane virus through PCR gene amplification while midges samples didn't have virus isolates.Conclusions Culex tritaeniorhynchus appeared the predominant species in the southeast regions of Sichuan.Japanese encephalitis virus transmitted by mosquitoes and Akabane virus by midges were prevalent in southeast Sichuan province.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1381-1386, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736688

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution patterns of mosquitoes,midges and related arboviruses in Sichuan province.Methods Blood-sucking insects were collected from houses and pens,using the ultraviolet lights.Mosquito samples were classified according to morphologic characteristics and then stored at liquid nitrogen.All samples were incubated with BHK-21 and C6/36 cells for virus isolation and then detected for their viral genes.Sequences of the virus were identified and analyzed by molecular biological software,such as BioEdit 7.0.5.3,MEGA 6.0.Results In total,17 019 mosquitoes from 3 genera and 4 species and 12 700 midges were collected from the southeast regions of Sichuan province in 2016 and 2017.Among them,79.4% (13 519/17 019) belonged to Culex tritaeniorhynchus with 11.1% (1 897/17 019) as Armigeres subalbatus,5.5% (930/17 019) were Anopheles sinensis and 4.0% (673/17 019) were Anopheles sinensis 3 virus strains that isolated from Culex tritaeniorhynchus were identified as type Ⅰ Japanese encephalitis virus.Seven pools of mosquitoes isolated from Hejiang county were identified Japanese encephalitis virus gene positive through PCR amplification.With 4 pool midges were detected positive for Akabane virus through PCR gene amplification while midges samples didn't have virus isolates.Conclusions Culex tritaeniorhynchus appeared the predominant species in the southeast regions of Sichuan.Japanese encephalitis virus transmitted by mosquitoes and Akabane virus by midges were prevalent in southeast Sichuan province.

10.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 293-299, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610543

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the molecular evolution and spatio-temporal migration of Getah viruses (GETV) isolated around the world,the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence of GETVs were analyzed and phylogenetic trees were constructed by using informatics software including ClustalX1.83,MegaAlign,GeneDOC and Mega6.0.The Bayesian Stochastic Search Variable Selection (BSSVS) program in the BEAST v 1.8.1 software package was used to analyze the spatial dynamics of the Getah virus.Results showed that the full-length of Getah virus E2 gene consists of 1 266 nueleotides,encoding 422 amino acids.And the homology of nucleotide and amino acid were 94.5% 100% and 96.4% 100% respectively.The molecular evolution analysis revealed that there were no species and geographical distribution difference existing among GETV host animals (e.g.horses and pigs) and vectors (e.g.mosquitoes).Bioinformatics analysis showed that GETV originated in Malaysia,then it was spread to Japan,China,South Korea,Mongolia,Russia,etc.GETV E2 gene was relatively stable since GETV was first isolated in 1955.The differences of species and geographical distribution did not exist among GETV host animals and vectors,and the virus has spread from tropical regions to Eurasian continent.Thus,strengthening the detection and monitoring of GETV and its infections in humans and livestock is critical.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808476

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the distribution patterns of arboviruses in Yunnan province near the China-Laos-Myanmar border, China, and to provide evidence for prevention and control of arboviruses diseases.@*Methods@#Mosquito samples were collected in Daluo county of Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture and Zhengdong county of Pu’er city in Yunnan province, 2012. Viruses were isolated from the samples by tissue culture, positive isolates were identified by RT-PCR with arbovirus species-specific primers, for further sequencing and phylogenetic analysis.@*Results@#A total of 17 species of mosquitoes from 6 genera were collected. A total of 24 strains of viruses were isolated from the mosquito pools and identified as Tembusu virus (TMUV) (2 strains), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) (3 strains), Getah virus (GETV) (2 strains), Banna virus (BAV) (4 strains), Densovirus (DNV) (9 strains) and Nam Dinh virus (NDiV) (3 strains).@*Conclusions@#The China-Laos-Myanmar border of Yunnan province is rich in species of mosquitoes and arboviruses.

12.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 210-214, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296195

ABSTRACT

The quality control process throughout the Ebola virus nucleic acid detection in Sierra Leone-China Friendship Biological Safety Laboratory (SLE-CHN Biosafety Lab) was described in detail, in order to comprehensively display the scientific, rigorous, accurate and efficient practice in detection of Ebola virus of first batch detection team in SLE-CHN Biosafety Lab. Firstly, the key points of laboratory quality control system was described, including the managements and organizing, quality control documents and information management, instrument, reagents and supplies, assessment, facilities design and space allocation, laboratory maintenance and biosecurity. Secondly, the application of quality control methods in the whole process of the Ebola virus detection, including before the test, during the test and after the test, was analyzed. The excellent and professional laboratory staffs, the implementation of humanized management are the cornerstone of the success; High-level biological safety protection is the premise for effective quality control and completion of Ebola virus detection tasks. And professional logistics is prerequisite for launching the laboratory diagnosis of Ebola virus. The establishment and running of SLE-CHN Biosafety Lab has landmark significance for the friendship between Sierra Leone and China, and the lab becomes the most important base for Ebola virus laboratory testing in Sierra Leone.


Subject(s)
China , Ebolavirus , Classification , Genetics , Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola , Diagnosis , Virology , Humans , Laboratories , Workforce , Reference Standards , Laboratory Infection , Quality Control , RNA, Viral , Genetics , Sierra Leone
13.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 264-268, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280263

ABSTRACT

To explore the spatial distribution mechanism of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), PhyML v3.0 was used to build phylogenetic tree using JEV sequences in the dataset. PAUP v4.0 and Migrapyhla softz ware were then used to analyze the migration events. The results showed that a total of 95 migration events were observed during the dispersal of JEV throughout Asia. Further analysis revealed that Thailand, and several Chinese provinces (including Shandong, Shanghai, Sichuan and Yunnan), were the main migration sources of JEV. JEV spread from these migration sources as follows: from Thailand to Australia, Cambodia, Tibet and India; from Shanghai to eastern coastal Asian regions and Yunnan; from Shandong to Korea, Zhejiang, Hubei, Shanxi and Liaoning; from Sichuan mainly to inland regions of China, as well as Vietnam and Japan; and from Yunnan to Zhejiang. This study indicated that frequent migration events occurred during the dispersal of JEV in the Asia and Pacific regions, and that Thailand, Shandong, Shanghai, Sichuan and Yunnan were the sources of JEV dispersal.


Subject(s)
Asia , Epidemiology , China , Epidemiology , Encephalitis Virus, Japanese , Classification , Genetics , Physiology , Encephalitis, Japanese , Epidemiology , Virology , Phylogeny
14.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1019-1025, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468034

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM:To investigate the effects of microRNA145 ( miRNA145 ) on the viability, apoptosis, inva-sion and metastasis of hepatoma HepG2 cells.METHODS: HepG2 cells were randomly allocated into 3 groups: blank control group, empty mimic transfected group and miRNA145 mimic transfected group.Under the induction of Lipofectami-neTM 2000, the recombinant was transfected into HepG2 cells.After transfection, the expression level of miRNA145 was detected by real-time PCR.The protein level of N-cadherin and the mRNA expression levels of miRNA145 and N-cadherin were detected by Western blot and real-time PCR.The cell viability was detected by MTS assay.The cell cycle and apopto-sis were analyzed by flow cytometry.Invasion and metastasis were detected by Transwell assay.RESULTS:Compared with negative control, miRNA145 expression was up-regulated significantly, while the expression of N-cadherin was down-regu-lated significantly.Meanwhile, the cell viability, cell cycle, apoptosis, invasion and metastasis of hepatoma HepG2 cells were all significantly inhibited (P<0.05).CONCLUSION:miRNA145 dramatically inhibits viability, apoptosis, inva-sion and metastasis of hepatoma cells.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465363

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT ] AIM: To investigate the expression and clinical significance of bone morphogenetic protein 3 (BMP3) in hilar cholangiocarcinoma tissues.METHODS: Thirty cases of hilar cholangiocarcinoma specimens were col-lected.The expression of BMP3 at mRNA and protein levels in the tumor tissues and paracancerous tissues was detected by real-time PCR and Western blot.The hilar cholangiocarcinoma paraffin-embedded specimens (n=103) were collected. The protein expression of BMP3 was determined by immunohistochemical method, and the relationship of BMP3 protein ex-pression with clinical pathological characteristics was evaluated.RESULTS:In the 30 patients with hilar cholangiocarcino-ma, the expressions of BMP3 protein and mRNA in 22 cases of tumor tissues were significantly decreased compared with the adjacent normal tissues.The results of immunohistochemistry showed that 87 cases were negative and 16 cases were weakly positive in all 103 cases of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.The expression of BMP3 protein was associated with the tumor TNM staging, lymph node metastasis and tumor differentiation (P<0.05).CONCLUSION:BMP3 gene might be inhibited in human hilar cholangiocarcinoma.The down-regulation of BMP3 gene might be associated with the carcinogenesis and devel-opment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

16.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 212-215, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460505

ABSTRACT

The Flanders virus (FLAV) is a number of family Rhabdoviridae ,contains a single‐stranded ,negative‐sense vi‐ral RNA .Here we describe a molecular detection method developed for fast measurement of FLAV based on Taqman RT‐PCR method .In this study ,FLAV specific primers and probe were designed based on the FLAV L gene sequences published in GeneBank .Quantitative standard curve of FLAV TaqMan PCR was also successfully established .The specificity and stability test showed that the system is specific and the coefficient variables were all less than 1 .7% .Quantitative standard curve based on the genomic copy was drawn ,and the lowest detectable limit (LOD) of system was 100 copies/PCR ,with higher sensitivity and stability than that of the conventional RT‐PCR assay targeting the same gene .

17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 528-532, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348630

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the distribution patterns of mosquito and mosquito-borne viruses in Dehong prefecture, Yunnan province, China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Mosquito samples were collected using the mosquito traps from five counties of Dehong prefecture on July, 2007 and 2010. Mosquito were cell cultured for viral isolation, and positive isolates were identified using RT-PCR and sequence analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 43 634 mosquito comprised of 29 species representing six genera were collected. Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Anopheles sinensis comprised 78.69% and 14.77% of the total. Six strains of viruses were isolated from the mosquito pools. RT-PCR and phylogenetic analysis revealed three strains from Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, identified as genotype I Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). One strain was identified from Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, as Getah virus (GETV). Two strains isolated from Cx. tritaeniorhynchus and Anopheles vagus were identified as Culex pipiens pallens Densovirus (CppDNV).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Cx. tritaeniorhynchus had been the major species of mosquito and mainly transmitting vector of mosquito-borne viruses in Dehong prefecture. Genotype I JEV, GETV and CppDNV were the vectors causing transmission of mosquito-borne diseases in this area. Data from phylogenetic analysis showed that these newly discovered isolates seemed to have had close relationship with those viruses previously circulating in Yunnan and other provinces of China.</p>


Subject(s)
Alphavirus , Animals , Arboviruses , Classification , China , Culicidae , Virology , Disease Vectors , Classification , Encephalitis Virus, Japanese
18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 528-532, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737364

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution patterns of mosquitoes and mosquito-borne viruses in Dehong prefecture,Yunnan province,China. Methods Mosquito samples were collected using the mosquito traps from five counties of Dehong prefecture on July,2007 and 2010. Mosquitoes were cell cultured for viral isolation,and positive isolates were identified using RT-PCR and sequence analysis. Results A total of 43 634 mosquitoes comprised of 29 species representing six genera were collected. Culex tritaeriorhynchus and Anopheles sinensis comprised 78.69% and 14.77% of the total. Six strains of viruses were isolated from the mosquito pools. RT-PCR and phylogenetic analysis revealed three strains from Cx. tritaeriorhynchus,identified as genotypeⅠJapanese encephalitis virus(JEV). One strain was identified from Cx. tritaeriorhynchus,as Getah virus (GETV). Two strains isolated from Cx. tritaeriorhynchus and Anopheles vagus were identified as Culex pipiens pallens Densovirus(CppDNV). Conclusion Cx. tritaeriorhynchus had been the major species of mosquitoes and mainly transmitting vector of mosquito-borne viruses in Dehong prefecture. GenotypeⅠJEV,GETV and CppDNV were the vectors causing transmission of mosquitoe-borne diseases in this area. Data from phylogenetic analysis showed that these newly discovered isolates seemed to have had close relationship with those viruses previously circulating in Yunnan and other provinces of China.

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 528-532, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735896

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution patterns of mosquitoes and mosquito-borne viruses in Dehong prefecture,Yunnan province,China. Methods Mosquito samples were collected using the mosquito traps from five counties of Dehong prefecture on July,2007 and 2010. Mosquitoes were cell cultured for viral isolation,and positive isolates were identified using RT-PCR and sequence analysis. Results A total of 43 634 mosquitoes comprised of 29 species representing six genera were collected. Culex tritaeriorhynchus and Anopheles sinensis comprised 78.69% and 14.77% of the total. Six strains of viruses were isolated from the mosquito pools. RT-PCR and phylogenetic analysis revealed three strains from Cx. tritaeriorhynchus,identified as genotypeⅠJapanese encephalitis virus(JEV). One strain was identified from Cx. tritaeriorhynchus,as Getah virus (GETV). Two strains isolated from Cx. tritaeriorhynchus and Anopheles vagus were identified as Culex pipiens pallens Densovirus(CppDNV). Conclusion Cx. tritaeriorhynchus had been the major species of mosquitoes and mainly transmitting vector of mosquito-borne viruses in Dehong prefecture. GenotypeⅠJEV,GETV and CppDNV were the vectors causing transmission of mosquitoe-borne diseases in this area. Data from phylogenetic analysis showed that these newly discovered isolates seemed to have had close relationship with those viruses previously circulating in Yunnan and other provinces of China.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383667

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the molecular characteristics on nucleotide and amino acid in E gene through the comparative analysis of differences between genotype 3 Japanese encephalitis virus(JEV)in China and the live attenuated vaccine(SA14-14-2).Methods Obtained the E gene nucleotide sequence of Japanese encephalitis virus from GenBank.Multiple alignment and amino acid(AA)analysis were carried out by Clustal X(1.81),DNAStar and GENEDOC(3.2).According to the ribbon diagram of the E protein structure based on the model of the soluble fragment of tick-borne encephalitis virus(TBEV)as a template for Japanese encephalitis virus E protein amino acid sequence analysis.Results Compared different regions and different host genotype 3 JEV with SA14-14-2 the nucleotide sequence homology was,up 96%and 95% and the amino acid homology was up 95%and 94%,respectively.The nucleotide and amino acid homology was higher among the same area and the same host.Ten common amino acid variations and five special variations(E160 in domain Ⅰ,E123 and E227 in domain Ⅱ,E441 and E487 in non-structural domain)were found between genotype 3 JEV and SA14-14-2.Conclusion The homology in E gene was higher between genotype 3 JEV in China and SA14-14-2.Five special amino acid differences were found in genotype 3 JEV.The existing live attenuated vaccine strain is theoretically possible to protect genotype 3 JEV in China.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL