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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 52-54, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884613

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize our experience in diagnosis and treatment of Budd-Chiari syndrome(BCS) accompanied with hepatic nodules.Methods:The clinical data of 33 patients with BCS accompanied with hepatic nodules who were treated at Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2012 to December 2018 were retrospectively analysed. A total of 33 patients were enrolled, including 17 males and 16 females, with an average age of 51 years. Analyze the treatment and prognosis of different types of nodules.Results:Of 33 patients, 27 were diagnosed to have hepatocellular carcinoma and 6 benign proliferative nodules. Treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma included, transcatheter arterial chemoembolization ( n=1) and hepatectomy ( n=26). The survival time of these patients with hepatocellular carcinoma ranged from 10.0 to 78.0 months (mean 37.8 months). For the remaining 6 patients with benign nodules, the nodules were multiple and no malignant changes were observed on follow-up. Conclusion:For patients with BCS associated with benign nodules, no specific treatment was required. Hepatocellular carcinoma assocated with BCS had good prognosis. An aggressive surgical resectional approach is recommended to treat and to relieve the hepatic outflow obstruction.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 685-688, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the safety and efficacy of using entrapped duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy for patients with small pancreatic ducts of less than 3 mm in diameter.Methods:The clinical data of patients who underwent entrapped duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy at Henan Province People's Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The incidences of complication including pancreatic fistula and abdominal hemorrhage were studied. The duration to carry out the pancreaticojejunostomy and postoperative hospital study were also analyzed.Results:Of 98 patients included in this study, there were 58 males and 40 females, with an average age of 62.3 (aged 24 to 73) years. The average time of completing the pancreaticoenterostomy was (10.2±3.1) min. There were 10 patients (10.2%) who developed grade A pancreatic fistulae. There were no grade B or C pancreatic fistulae, no portoperative bleeding and no perioperative deaths. The postoperative hospital stay was (13.4±4.6) days.Conclusion:Entrapped duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy was simple, quick, safe and effective in patients with small pancreatic ducts.

3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 18-21, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745325

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effects of structured fat emulsion and medium/long chain fat emulsion on blood lipids,immune cells and acute inflammation after hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods Total of 60 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent hepatectomy in Henan People's Hospital (Zhengzhou University People's Hospital) from January 2013 to March 2017 were divided into experimental group (using structured fat emulsion) and control group (using medium/long chain fat emulsion),30 cases in each group.Triglyceride (TG),high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C),low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C),total cholesterol (TC),T lymphocyte level,fibrinogen (FIB),C-reactive protein (CRP),prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) were detected before and 2,4,6 and 8 days after infusion.Results There were no significant differences in LDL-C,HDL-C,TG and TC between the two groups before infusion (P>0.05).On the 2nd day of parenteral nutrition infusion,the level of blood lipids in both groups was higher than experimental group before infusion;on the 4th,6th and 8th day of infusion,LDL-C,HDL-C,TG and TC in the control group were higher than those in the experimental group (P<0.05).After parenteral nutrition infusion,the levels of CD3+,CD4+,CD8+,CD4+/CD8+ in both groups were higher than experimental group before infusion,and the experimental group was higher than the control group,the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).Compared with before infusion,level of FIB,CRP and PGE2 began to increase on the 2nd day of infusion,and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).On the 2nd,4th,6th and 8th day,CRP in the control group was higher than experimental group.And resepeatively (19.12±5.84) mg/ml vs.(13.76±2.36) mg/ml,(31.67±8.68) mg/ml vs.(17.21±2.66) mg/ml,(22.15±8.33) mg/ml vs.(12.48±0.63) mg/ml,(9.65±4.66) mg/ml vs.(7.52±0.99) mg/ml,and PGE2 were also higher than that in the experimental group (P<0.05).Conclusion Structured fat emulsion is superior to medium/long chain fat emulsion in improving blood lipid,immune cells and inflammatory reaction in patients after hepatectomy.

4.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 318-321, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710542

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate hepato-intestinal anastomosis in the treatment of complex stricture of high bile duct.Methods From Jan 2010 to Dec 2016,43 patients undergoing traditional biliary-intestinal anastomosis were grouped into control,45 patients undergoing hepato-intestinal anastomosis were allocated into study group.Results (1) Control vs study grounp,the operative time was (24 ±3)min vs.(15 ± 3)min,intraoperative blood loss and blood transfusion were (384 ± 51)ml vs.(280 ± 41) ml,(649 ± 3) ml vs.(454 ± 8) ml,number of patients with intraoperative blood transfusion,and liver resection were 10 vs.3,and 8 vs.3 respectively,with statistically differences (t =12.48,10.46,144.65,x2 =43.68,49.50,all P < 0.05).(2) Postoperatively efficacy:fever was in 7 vs.3 cases,incision infection in 5 vs.3 cases,abdominal infection was in 5 vs.2 cases,biliary fistula was in 7 vs.3 cases,number of un-planed readmission was in 7 vs.3 cases,and postoperative hospital stay were (14.3 ± 1.5) d vs.(10.7 ± 0.7) d,respectively,between the control group and the study group,with statistically differences (x2 =52.55,58.91,62.23,52.55,52.55,t =16.28,all P <0.05).(3) Follow-up situation:all the 88 patients were followed-up for 6 to 96 months (median time,30 months).Biliary restenosis occurred in 5 vs.1 patients between the control group and the study group,respectively,with statistically differences (x2 =65.64,P < 0.05).Conclusions Hepato-intestinal anastomosis is effective in the treatment of complex stricture of high bile duct.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 600-603, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708471

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the combined use of ALPPS (associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy) with hepatic artery reconstruction in the treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma with hepatic arterial involvement.Methods The clinical data of 7 patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma who underwent ALPPS combined with hepatic arterial resection and reconstruction were analyzed retrospectively.The technical points and the perioperative management were analyzed.Methods At the first stage,the relationship between the tumor and the vessels were explored,the portal vein of the part of the liver to be resected was ligated and the liver was transected with a CUSA (Cavitron Ultrasound Surgical Aspirator).Then the bile duct was cut and a hepaticojejunostomy was completed.Finally,under ultrasound guidance,a bile duct drainage tube was inserted transhepatically into the part of the liver which was to be resected.Two to three weeks later,and after enough hypertrophy of the liver remnant size was confirmed,tumor resection was completed with reconstruction of the hepatic artery.Results Seven patients underwent the second stage operation,with no perioperative death.Six patients developed pulmonary infection and were treated successfully with conservative treatment.Two patients developed postoperative bile leak with secondary abdominal infection.One patient developed postoperative hepatic artery thrombosis secondary to biliary tract infection.Conclusion ALPPS combined with hepatic artery reconstruction was safe and feasible in the treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma with hepatic arterial involvement.

6.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 671-677, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809241

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of enhanced recovery after surgery(ERAS) in atrial caval shunting (ACS) for type Ⅱ Budd-Chiari syndrome(BCS).@*Methods@#The clinical data of patients underwent ACS for type Ⅱ BCS in the Henan Province People′s Hospital from January 2014 to June 2016 were prospectively analyzed.Randomized and single-blind, controlled study was performed among the patients, and all of them underwent ACS and were divided into control group (patients underwent traditional perioperative management) and ERAS group (patients underwent ERAS perioperative management) based on a random number table.Operational and postoperative data, levels of inflammatory cytokines, stress state evaluation and postoperative complications were observed.The comparison between the two groups was evaluated with an independent sample t test.The trend analyses for variables were done using repeated measures ANOVA.The count data were analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact.@*Results@#Eighty-two patients were screened for eligibility, and allocated into the control group (40 patients) and the ERAS group (42 patients). All patients underwent ACS successfully with no death.Comparison of intraoperative status: operation time, volume of intraoperative blood and number of patients receiving blood transfusion were (211.0±12.9) minutes vs. (207.7±10.7) minutes, (167.5±28.3) ml vs. (165.0±28.4) ml and 3 cases vs. 1 case between the control group and the ERAS group, respectively, showing no difference between the two groups (t=0.90, 0.29, χ2=0.32, all P>0.05). Comparison of postoperative status: time of gastric tube removal, time of catheter removal, time of chest tube, time to flatus, time of food intake, duration of postoperative infusion, duration of postoperative hospital stay and numeric rating scale were (3.7±0.5)days vs. (0.0±0.0)days, (2.3±0.7)days vs. (1.4±0.5)days, (3.7±0.7)days vs. (2.3±0.5)days, (75.2±3.8)hours vs. (46.6±4.2)hours, (75.7±4.7)hours vs. (21.4±2.1)hours, (10.0±1.0)days vs. (5.8±0.9)days, (11.4±1.0)days vs. (7.8±0.6)days, 2.9±0.4 vs. 1.9±0.6 between the control group and the ERAS group, respectively, with statistically differences (t=35.03, 4.36, 8.10, 22.89, 47.78, 14.75, 14.22, 6.13, all P<0.05). Stress state evaluation: the levels of IR were (2.7±0.1) vs.(2.7±0.1), (8.8±0.7) vs. (5.2±0.3), (11.0±0.5) vs. (7.3±0.5), (4.9±0.2) vs. (3.9±0.1), and the levels of C-reaction protein were (14.6±1.3)mg/L vs.(14.6±1.1) mg/L, (101.2±13.6) mg/L vs. (89.5±6.9) mg/L, (62.7±8.6) mg/L vs. (56.4±8.4) mg/L, (46.4±6.7) mg/L vs. (40.0±5.6) mg/L from pre-operation to postoperative day 1, 3 and 5 between the control group and the ERAS group, respectively, with statistically significant differences in changing trends(F=136.61, 4.97, both P<0.05). Comparisons of levels of inflammatory cytokines: the levels of IL-6 were (43.1±2.7) ng/L vs. (43.6±3.6) ng/L, (135.1±6.4) ng/L vs. (117.4±5.7) ng/L, (145.4±6.7) ng/L vs. (128.5±5.5) ng/L, (93.3±3.7) ng/L vs. (88.0±3.9) ng/L, and the levels of TNF-α were (10.4±0.3)mmol/L vs. (10.4±0.3) mmol/L, (14.4±0.4) mmol/L vs. (12.6±0.4) mmol/L, (15.6±0.4) mmol/L vs. (13.8±0.4) mmol/L, (12.3±0.7) mmol/L vs. (11.4±0.6) mmol/L from pre-operation to postoperative day 1, 3 and 5 between the control group and the ERAS group, respectively, with statistically significant differences in changing trends (F=15.15, 21.45, both P<0.05). Comparison of postoperative complications: incidence of complications was 30.0%(12/40) in the control group and 11.9%(5/42) in the ERAS group, and the numbers of patients with nausea and vomiting, respiratory complications and cardiovascular complications were 4, 3, 5 cases in the control group and 3, 1, 1 case in the ERAS group, respectively, showing statistically differences in the incidence of complications(χ2=4.08, P<0.05). All the 82 patients were followed up for 2 to 22 months (median time, 12 months), no patients received reoperation or re-admitted to the hospital duo to complications.@*Conclusion@#ERAS management in the perioperative period of ACS for BCS is beneficial to postoperative recovery of patients, and can relieve postoperative stress state and inflammatory response, reduce the duration of hospital stay, and incidence of postoperative complications.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 257-261, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510053

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical effect of three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopic radical gastrectomy of gastric cancer.Methods The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted.The clinical data of 65 patients with gastric cancer who underwent 3D laparoscopic radical gastrectomy of gastric cancer in the People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2015 to July 2016 were collected.There were the same surgical procedure and postoperative treatment between 3D and two-dimensional (2D) laparoscopic radical gastrectomy of gastric cancer.Observation indicators:(1) surgical situations:operation time,volume of intraoperative blood loss,number of lymph node dissected;(2) postoperative recovery situations:time to anal exsufflation,time for semiliquid diet intake,duration of hospital stay,treatment expenses and postoperative complications;(3) postoperative pathological situations:pathological classification of gastric cancer,T stage,lymph node metastasis,TNM stage,surgical margin;(4) follow-up situations.The follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect patients' survival and tumor metastasis and recurrence up to July 2016.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as x±s.Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (range).Results (1) Surgical situations:all the 65 patients underwent successful 3D laparoscopic radical gastrectomy of gastric cancer and D2 lymph node dissection,without the occurrence of conversion to open surgery,intraoperative complications and perioperative death.Operation time,volume of intraoperative blood loss and number of lymph node dissected were (200± 55) minutes,(110± 80) mL and 32±7,respectively.(2) Postoperative recovery situations:time to anal exsufflation,time for semiliquid diet intake,duration of hospital stay and treatment expenses were (3.1 ± 1.0) days,(5.3 ± 1.6) days,(9.4± 3.0) days and (8.1 ± 1.3) × 104 yuan,respectively.Of 65 patients,5 had postoperative complications.One patient with anastomotic leakage underwent percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and abdominal drainage again and then was cured.One patient with peritoneal effusion and infection was cured after catheter drainage under CT guided.One patient with delayed gastric emptying was cured after symptomatic treatment.One patient with chylous fistula was cured after short-term fast and total parenteral nutrition treatment.One patient with pulmonary infection was cured after antibiotic therapy.(3) Postoperative pathological situations:① Pathological classification of gastric cancer:high-and moderate-differentiated adenocarcinoma was detected in 30 patients,poor-differentiated adenocarcinoma in 20 patients,signet ring cell carcinoma in 11 patients,mucinous adenocarcinoma in 3 patients and papillary adenocarcinoma in 1 patient.② T stage:27,15 and 23 patients were in T1,T2 and T3 stages.③ Twenty-five patients had lymph node metastases and 40 had no lymph node metastasis.④ TNM stage:19,17,15,12 and 2 patients were in Ⅰ A,Ⅰ B,Ⅱ,Ⅲ A and Ⅲ B,respectively.R0 resection was performed to all the 65 patients,with negative surgical margin under the microscope.(4) Follow-up situations:of 65 patients,61 were followed up for 3-18 months,with a median time of 9 months.During the follow-up,there was no occurrence of surgeryrelated complications,tumor metastasis and recurrence and death.Conclusion The 3D laparoscopic radical gastrectomy of gastric cancer is safe and feasible,with a good short-term outcome.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 154-157, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514379

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical efficacy and outcomes of adult patients who underwent ABO-incompatible living donor liver transplantation.Methods The clinical data of 7 patients who underwent ABO-incompatible living donor liver transplantation at the Henan Provincial People's Hospital and Zhengzhou People's Hospital from January 2013 to December 2015 were analyzed retrospectively.Age,gender,primary disease,blood type antibody level,graft volume/standard liver volume (GV/SLV),postoperative complications and prognosis were analyzed.Results The recipients' average GV/SLV was 52.0%.There were 4 recipients who underwent splenectomy,including 3 patients who underwent the procedure concurrently,and one patient who underwent the procedure a few years before,the liver transplantation.Seven recipients were treated with plasmapheresis,Rituximab and Basiliximab.No patients experienced acute rejection during the perioperative period,and the 1-year survival rate was 85.7% (6/7).Conclusion ABOincompatible liver transplantation in adult living donor can have favorable clinical outcomes using appropriate preoperative evaluation for recipients,optimized surgical procedures,pretransplant plasmapheresis,and perioperative Rituximab,Basiliximab injection and intravenous immunoglobulin administration.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 114-116, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514125

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the pathogenesis,diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic portal hypertension (PPH).Methods The clinical data of 37 patients with PPH treated in Henan Province People's Hospital from January 2008 to January 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.Result Nine patients underwent conservative treatment and 28 patients underwent surgical treatment.No deaths were observed in the perioperative and follow-up periods.One patient underwent a second operation becausc of gastrointestinal bleeding.The clinical symptoms of the remaining patients were significantly relieved after surgery.Conclusions Treatment should be individualized and directed at the underlying cause.The anatomy of the coronary vein and the location of obstruction of the splenic vein determined the degree of the variceal veins and the surgical methods.Splenectomy was the basic treatment for PPH.Subcapsular splenectomy was effective in some challenging cases.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 456-459, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612066

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and outcomes with the use of a saline-coupled bipolar sealer during liver resection.Methods 101 patients underwent liver resection for primary hepatic carcinoma at the People's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from August 2015 to December 2016.The patients were divided into two groups according to whether the Aquamantys(R) system was used or not.In group A (n =62) the clamp crushing technique was used for liver parenchymal transection.In group B (n =39) the Aquamantys(R) system was used.The intraoperative and postoperative complication rates were compared.Results The operation time in group B was significantly longer than group A (216.4 min vs.253.5 min,P < 0.05).The intraoperaitve blood loss in group B was significantly less than group A (381.1 ml vs.257.2 ml,P < 0.05),and less blood transfusion was required (211.3 ml vs.90.9 ml,P < 0.05).The volume of abdominal drainage fluid in group B in the first and the 5th day was significantly less than group A (242.6 ml vs.199.2 ml,P<0.05;84.3 ml vs.70.4 ml,P<0.05,respectively).The drainage tube in group B was taken off earlier than in group A (8.1 d vs.7.0 d,P < 0.05).The average hospitalization stay after surgery in group B was also significantly shorter (13.4 d vs.11.6 d,P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in the overall postoperative complication rate (P > 0.05) between the 2 groups,and no death was observed.Conclusion The use of a saline-coupled bipolar sealer (Aquamantys(R)) in liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma was associated with less intraoperative blood loss and was better for the patients' postoperative recovery.

11.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 897-901, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501964

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical effect of three-dimensional (3D) and two-dimensional (2D) laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer.Methods The retrospective cohort study was adopted.The clinical data of 83 patients who underwent laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer at the People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University from March 2014 to November 2015 were collected.Forty-two patients undergoing 2D laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer between March 2014 and December 2014 were allocated into the 2D group and 41 patients undergoing 3D laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer between January 2015 and November 2015 were allocated into the 3D group.All the patients in the 2 groups underwent 2D or 3D laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer based on the principles of lymph node dissection and tumor-free survival.Observation indicators included:(1) surgical situations:operation time,volume of intraoperative blood loss,number of lymph node dissected,(2) postoperative recovery:recovery time of gastrointestinal function,postoperative complications,duration of postoperative hospital stay,hospital expenses,(3) postoperative pathological situations:length of colorectal specimens,distance from tumor to distal incision margin,(4) follow-up.All the patients were followed up to detect postoperative survival,tumor metastasis and recurrence using outpatient examination and telephone interview up to March 2016.Measurement data with normal distribution were presented as x-± s and comparison between groups was analyzed using the t test.Count data were analyzed using chi-square test or Fisher exact probability.Results (1) Surgical situations:all the patients underwent successful laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer,without conversion to open surgery and perioperative death.Operation time,volume of intraoperative blood loss and number of lymph node dissected were (171 ±18) minutes,(112±18)mL,14.0 ± 1.4 in the 2D group and (125 ± 13) minutes,(101 ± 16)mL,14.6 ± 0.9 in the 3D group,respectively,with statistically significant differences between the 2 groups (t =-13.091,-2.962,-3.623,P <0.05).(2) Postoperative recovery:recovery time of gastrointestinal function was (3.0 ± 0.6) days in the 2D group and (3.0 ± 0.6) days in the 3D group,respectively,with no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups (t =3.423,P > 0.05).Incidence of postoperative complications in the 2D and 3D groups was 7.1% (3/42) and 4.9% (2/41),respectively,with no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups (P >0.05).One,1,1 patients in the 2D group were respectively complicated with anastomotic fistula,intra-abdominal hemorrhage and intra-abdominal infection,1 and 1 patients in the 3D group were respectively complicated with anastomotic fistula and intestinal paralysis,and they were improved by symptomatic treatment.Duration of postoperative hospital stay and hospital expenses was (10.0 ±0.8)days,(7.0 ± 1.4) × 104 yuan in the 2D group and (10.0 ±0.6)days,(7.3 ± 1.5) x 104 yuan in the 3D group,respectively,with no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups (t =15.716,0.941,P > 0.05).(3)Postoperative pathological situations:length of colorectal specimens and distance from tumor to distal incision margin were (18 ± 7) cm,(4.7 ± 0.6) cm in the 2D group and (20 ± 8) cm,(4.9 ± 0.7)cm in the 3D group,respectively,with no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups (t =0.742,1.401,P >0.05).(4)Follow-up:of 83 patients,82 were followed up for 5-24 months with a median time of 12 months.During the follow-up,there was no occurrence of tumor-related death and recurrence and metastasis of sites of puncture.Intra-abdominal tumor recurrence,recurrence of anastomotic tumor and tumor distant metastasis were detected in 3,2,1 patients in the 2D group and 2,1,1 patients in the 3D group,with no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups (P > 0.05).Conclusion Compared with 2D laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer,3D laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer is safe and feasible,and it can also reduce intraoperative blood loss and increase the rate of lymph node dissected,with a good short-term outcome.

12.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 762-765, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479933

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate hand-assisted laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer.Methods From Oct 2013 to Oct 2014, 77 advanced gastric carcinoma patients underwent hand-assisted laparoscopic total gastrectomy with regional lymph node dissection.Results The overage operating time was (295 ± 3) min and the amount of blood loss was (110 ± 17)ml.Postoperative oral feeding began at (3.6 ± 0.4) d.Postop hospital stay was (8.7 ± 0.6) d.The average dissected lymph node was (49.2 ± 1.3).Postopatrative complications developed and cured conservatively in 11 cases.After 4-16 mos follow-up no local recurrence nor metastasis was found.Conclusions Hand-assisted laparoscopic D2 total gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer is both technically feasible and safe.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 667-669, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453589

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the diagnosis and surgical treatment of solid pseudopapillary tumor (SPTP) of the pancreatic head.Methods From January 2008 to August 2013,the clinicopathological data of 12 patients who were diagnosed and surgically treated in our hospital for this condition were analyzed retrospectively.Results There were 11 women and 1 man,the mean age was 28.7 years,with a range from 11 to 43.The mean diameter of the tumor was 7.5 cm(2 ~ 15 cm),6 of 12 of these tumors were more than 10 cm.Seven patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy,2 duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection,2 local resection of tumor,1 palliative resection,1 pancreaticoduodenectomy combined with resection of part of the portal vein.All the diagnoses were confirmed by postoperative histopathology.In a follow-up which ranged from 3 to 65 months,all the patients were alive with no evidence of disease recurrence.Conclusions Most of the SPTPs of the pancreatic head were huge.The diagnosis was difficult.Complete tumor resection is the best treatment.

14.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 341-343, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436129

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the procedure and the therapeutic efficacy of duodenumpreserving pancreatic head resection (DPPHR) in treating benign lesions in the head of the pancreas.Methods From February 2003 to August 2011,DPPHR was performed in 21 patients with benign lesions in the head of the pancreas.Thirteen patients were male and eight were female.Age ranged from 30 to 48 years,and the lesions ranged from 2.0 cm to 5.6 cm in diameter.Posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal artery was conserved in all patients.Results There was no hospital death.Pancreatic fistula was the main and the most often morbidity,occurring in 33.3%.After operation all patients with preoperative abdominal pain were completely pain free.Preoperative hypoglycemia in 2 patients turned to eugycemia.There was no recurrences report during following up.Concl~ions DPPHR was safe and effective in treating benign lesion in the head of pancreas.It was important in preserving blood supply to the duodenum by posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal artery.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 356-358, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-433405

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the treatment of abdominal compartment syndrome(ACS) secondary to fulminant acute pancreatitis (FAP).Method A retrospective study was conducted from Jan.2009 to Dec.2011 to analyze the therapeutic results of 18 patients with ACS secondary to FAP.Results Three out of 7 patients who received non-operative therapy died (mortality rate 42.9%).Three out of 11 patients treated with early surgery died (mortality rate 27.3%),which was significantly better than those patients treated conservatively.Conclusion A reduction in intra-abdominal pressure improved the function of the viscera in the treatment of ACS secondary to FAP.The decompressive effects of early surgery was efficacious,and it reduced the mortality rate.

16.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 966-969, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430924

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features and the prognosis after surgical treatment for hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCC).Methods The surgical therapy and follow-up result were retrospectively analyzed on 98 cases of hilar cholangiocarcinoma admitted into our hospital from January 1995 to January 2005.Differences between groups were evaluated using Chi-square analysis or Student t-test according to the data type.Survival rate was calculated with Kaplan-Meier method,and using the log-rank test.Results Among 98 patients,83 patients underwent surgical treatment (radical resection in 33,palliative resection in 16,and nonresectional internal or external bile duct drainage in 34),15 patients underwent conservative therapy.The 1-,3-,5-year survival rates were 79%,42%,and 17% in the resection group and 88%,54%,and 24% in the radical resection group,respectively.The 1-,3-year survival rates were 55%,and 9% in palliative resection group,respectively,and none of the patient survived for over 5 years.There were significant differences in the survival rate among the radical resection group and the palliative resection group (log-rank test,P < 0.001).Conclusions Radical resection improves the prognosis of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

17.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 744-747, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393089

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of deferoxamine pretreatment for hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury in liver auto-transplantation in rats. Method Murine liver auto-transplantation model was established. Ninety six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: 32 rats in deferoxamine pretreatment group (D), 32 rats in control group with aqua pro injection pretreatment(C) and 32 rats in sham-operation group (S). The animals were killed at 30 min, 2 h, 6 h, 24 h after operation respectively. ALT and AST level, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA), liver histological change(HE), the protein expression of HIF-1α、TNF-α and IL-1 were measured. Results At 30 min, 2 h, 6 h, 24 h after operation, the levels of ALT,AST,MDA and the expression of IL-1 protein and TNF-α protein were higher in group C than group D significantly,while the expression of HIF-1α and SOD were higher in group D [SOD(411±70; 384±53; 379±46)、H1F-1α(0.0413±0.0040; 0.0684± 0.0032; 0.0583±0.0032; 0.0491±0.0026)] than group C significantly (P<0.01) [SOD(341±21; 323±25; 303±25)、HIF-1α (0.0254±0.0024; 0.0312±0.0022; 0.0381±0.0022; 0.0257± 0.0015)] (F>59.881;P<0.01). Conclusion The up-regulated expression of HIF-1α, decreased liver lipid peroxidation injury and TNF-α and IL-1 levels, may be involved in the mechanism hy which deferoxamine pretreatment protects liver from ischemia reperfusion injury in rats' liver auto-transplantation.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 723-727, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392473

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of superior mesenteric vein-caval-right atrium Y shape shunt (abbr.SMV-CV-RA Y shape shunt) as a new approach for treatment of mixed pattern Budd-Chiari syndrome (B-CS).Methods The clinical data of 101 cases of mixed pattern B-CS patients were evaluated for the curative effect.Of the 101 patients,62 were treated with superior ruesenteric vein-caval-right atrium Y shape shunt,26 with splenic vein-caval shunt and 13 with superior mesenteric vein-caval shunt using artificial vascular graft.Results Compared with the plastocyte count of patients receiving splenic vein-caval shunt and superior mesenteric vein-caval shunt,the plastocyte count of 62 cases undergoing SMV-CV-RA shunt increased obviously after operation (P<0.05).The portal vein pressure of patients with SMV-CV-RA shunt decreased significantly (P<0.05),but the pressure of patients in splenic vein-caval shunt group and superior mesenteric vein-caval shunt group deceased slightly (P>0.05).The incidence of hepatic encephalopathy in one year after operation was not significantly different among the 3 groups (P>0.05).The incidence was 3.2%(2/62),0% (0/26),0% (0/13),respectively.The recanalization rate of artificial vascular graft was 95.2%(59/62),69.2%(18/25),38.4%(5/13),respectively in SMV-CV-RA shunt group,splenic vein-caval shunt group and superior mesenteric vein-caval shunt group.The recanalization rate of artificial vascular graft in SMV-CV-RA shunt group was increased significantly (P<0.05).Conclusion Compared with splenic vein-caval shunt and superior mesenteric vein-caval shunt,the SMV-CV-RA Y shape shunt can get satisfactory effeet in curing massive hemorrhage of gastrointestinal tract for cutting down the pressure of portal vein and inferior vena.Otherwise,the shunt could eliminate hypersplenia of patients.The splenic vein-caval shunt and superior mesenteric vein-caval shunt are not effective in curing the mixed pattern B-CS.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6)1995.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-551441

ABSTRACT

Eighty-two patients with unresectable primary hepatic carcinoma were divided randomly into 4 groups. Twenty patients (group A) were treated with hepatic artery ligation and embolization. Twenty-three patients (group B) were treated with whole liver moving strip irradiation. Eighteen (group C) were treated with hepatic artery ligation and embolization and portal vein perfusion chemotherapy. Twenty-one (group D) were treated with the therapy as the group C and the whole liver moving strip irradiation. All were followed-up to 12~37 months. The 1-year survival rates of these four groups were 25.0%(5/20), 13.0%(3/23), 33.3%(6/18) and 61.9%(13/21), respectively. The authors believe that combined treatment of group D is recommended for advanced and unresectable primary hepatic carcinoma.

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