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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 988-993, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866945

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a predictive model and investigate its value in evaluating short-term prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF).Methods:Patients with HBV-ACLF admitted to Tianjin Second People's Hospital and Beijing Youan Hospital, Capital Medical University from May 2015 to October 2018 were enrolled. The data of gender, age, laboratory markers at admission, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score and clinical complications were collected for analysis. According to the prognosis on 12-week, patients were divided into survival group and death group. Univariate analysis and binary Logistic regression analysis were used to test the risk factors for short-term prognosis of the patients with HBV-ACLF, and a prediction model was established. The accuracy of each index and the established model were verified by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:A total of 148 patients with HBV-ACLF were enrolled in the study, 91 cases survived while 57 cases died during the 12-week period. The age, total bilirubin (TBIL), neutrophil percentage (NEUT%), hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), MELD score of death group were higher than those of survival group [age (years old): 50.00 (44.50, 55.00) vs. 43.00 (34.00, 53.00), TBIL (μmol/L): 310.30 (240.70, 405.70) vs. 266.40 (184.20, 360.20), NEUT%: (74.52±13.05)% vs. (66.64±12.35)%, lg HBsAg (kU/L): 3.72 (3.29, 3.92) vs. 2.97 (2.49, 3.78), MELD score: 24.27 (19.71, 27.40) vs. 21.88 (18.83, 24.38), all P < 0.05], while albumin (ALB), total cholesterol (CHO), prothrombin activity (PTA) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) were lower than those of survival group [ALB (g/L): 29.80 (27.05, 31.05) vs. 30.80 (28.00, 33.90), CHO (mmol/L): 1.98 (1.50, 2.38) vs. 2.49 (2.05, 3.01), PTA: (30.37±7.09)% vs. (32.94±6.03)%, AFP (μg/L): 21.54 (9.28, 51.54) vs. 66.16 (24.50, 152.80), all P < 0.05]. Logistic regression analysis showed that NEUT%, HBsAg and AFP were independent risk factors for short-term prognosis of patients with HBV-ACLF [odds ratio ( OR) was 77.843, 1.439, 0.995, respectively, all P < 0.05]. According to the results of regression analysis, the NHA-ACLF model (NEUT%+HBsAg+AFP) was established. The formula was logit (NHA-ACLF) = -5.441+5.688×NEUT%+0.430×lg HBsAg-0.005×AFP. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the NHA-ACLF model for pred HBV-ACLF patients was 0.790, which was better than NEUT% (AUC = 0.696), lg HBsAg (AUC = 0.670), AFP (AUC = 0.703) and MELD score (AUC = 0.640). When the cut-off value of NHA-ACLF model score was 0.459, the sensitivity was 73.7%, and the specificity was 79.1%. Conclusions:NEUT%, HBsAg and AFP are independent predictive indicator for short-term prognosis in patients with HBV-ACLF. Compared with MELD score, the risk assessment model NHA-ACLF has a greater value in predicting the short-term prognosis of patients with HBV-ACLF.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865380

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the distribution of different subsets of monocyte in peripheral blood of patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO).Methods:A cross-sectional study was performed.Fifty-nine TAO patients and 30 healthy subjects were recruited continuously in Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center from January 2017 to December 2019.Clinical data of subjects were recorded, and the severity and activity of TAO were graded based on the criteria of NOSPECS and CAS.TAO patients were grouped according to clinical activity of TAO, and the patients were treated by triamcinolone acetonide (TA) injection or methylprednisolone pulse therapy (MPT) accordingly.Peripheral blood of the subjects was collected and monocytes were isolated.The proportion of different monocyte subsets was assayed by a flow cytometry.The differences in distribution of monocyte subsets between TAO group and normal control group, stable TAO group and active TAO group, TA injected group and MPT treated group were compared and analyzed.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-Sen University (No.2014MEKY005), and the written informed consent was obtained from each subject before any medical intervention.Results:The proportion of classical monocyte (CMo) subset in TAO group was (81.77%±5.53)%, which was significantly lower than (84.35±5.83)% in the normal control group ( P=0.034); the proportion of intermediate monocyte (IMo) subset in the TAO group was (10.17±4.19)%, which was significantly higher than (7.69±4.09)% in the normal control group ( P=0.006); no significant difference was found in the proportion of non-classical monocyte (NMo) subset between the two groups ( P=0.892). The proportion of CMo subset in the active TAO group was (77.29±5.80)%, which was significantly lower than (82.64±5.03)% in the stable TAO group ( P<0.01), and the proportion of IMo subset in the active TAO group was (13.79±4.82)%, which was significantly higher than (9.20±3.56)% in the stable TAO group ( P<0.01); no significant change was found in the proportion of NMo subset between the two groups ( P=0.283). There was no difference in the proportion of different TAO subsets before and after TA injection ( P>0.05). In MPT treated group, the proportion of CMo subset in TAO patients was significantly increased and the proportion of IMo subset was significantly decreased (both at P<0.05); there was no significant difference in proportion of NMo subset before and after MPT treatment ( P=0.187). Conclusions:IMo subset is enriched in patients with TAO, and the IMo subset content varies over the disease activity.MPT may inhibit the shift of CMo subset towards IMo subset.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 37-41, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704514

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To optimize formulation matrix of processed Aconitum carmichaelii hydrogel patch,and to investigate its in vitro drug release.METHODS:The ratio of NP700,dihydroxyaluminum aminoacetate,tartaric acid and PVP K90 in processed A.carmichaelii hydrogel patch matrix was optimized by central composite design-response surface method (CCD-RSM) with initial adhesion,peel strength and sensory evaluation as evaluation indexes.The modified Franz diffusion cell method was used for in vitro drug release test processed A.carmichaelii hydrogel patch using accumulative release amount of six ester type alkaloids benzene [benzoyl mesaconine (BM),benzoyl aconitum (BA),benzoylhy paconine (BH),mesaconitine (MT),hypaconitine (HT) and aconitine (AT)] as evaluation indexes.RESULTS:The optimal matrix formulation was NP700-dihydroxyaluminum aminoacetate-tartaric acid-PVP K90 (1.72 ∶ 0.10 ∶ 0.02 ∶ 1.65,m/m/m/m).In validation test,the contents of six ester type alkaloids were 52.77,28.52,28.78,8.81,8.75,8.21 μg/g(RSD<5%,n=3),comprehensive score was 118.67 ± 1.33 (RSD=4.62%,n=3).The release behavior of BM in vitro conformed to the Higuchi equation.The release behaviors of other 5 alkaloids were consistent with the Higuchi equation.12 h accumulative release amounts of BM,BA,BH,MT,HT and AT were 12.04,2.95,3.55,2.64,2.48,1.97 μg/cm2,respectively.CONCLUSIONS:The processed A.carmichaelii hydrogei patch prepared by matrix prescription is good in appearance,adhesion and in vitro release.The research can provide a basis for the development of new dosage form of processed A.carmichaelii.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356105

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Using Apocynum venetum as a model drug to prepare pulsed-release tablets based on diffusion, swelling, osmotic pressure mechanism and to evaluate the release characteristics.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The pulsatile release tablets were prepared by film coating methods using HPMC E5 and Eudragit The effect of formulation on pulsatile release of A. venetum was investigated.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The pulsed-release tablet was prepared by a swelling layer coating which contains HPMC E5 and a controlled-release membrane containning Eudragit. The delayed release time of the tablets was (5.0 +/- 0.5) h.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The pulsatile release characteristics of A. venetum pulsatile release tablets were confirmed in vitro.</p>


Subject(s)
Apocynum , Chemistry , Delayed-Action Preparations , Chemistry , Diffusion , Drug Compounding , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , In Vitro Techniques , Lactose , Methylcellulose , Osmotic Pressure , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Polymethacrylic Acids , Solubility , Tablets , Chemistry , Time Factors
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-543907

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate color Doppler ultrasonography(CDU) in the diagnosis of intraocular tumor. Methods Two hundred seventy-three cases(301 eye) of intraocular space-occupying lesions were examinated by high-resolution CDU to observe the two-dimensional gray-scale image and vasculature of intraocular tumors. Results Intratumor calcifying spot could be detected in 138 cases(149 eye) of 153 cases(178 eye) with retinoblastoma,and intratumor blood flow with branchy pattern could be found in 152(177 eye) of 153 cases(178 eye) with retinoblastoma. In 4 Coats disease and 2 persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous and 3 retinopathy of prematurity, intratumor calcifying spot couldn′t be detected,and the band blood flow of the detached retinal vessels could be detected. Intratumor blood flow with branchy pattern could be detected in all 66 choroidal melanomas and 4 melanomas of ciliary body with infiltrated choroid and 15 of 19 choroidal metastases. Intratumor blood flow with “simulating vessel pool” or conglomerate sparkled pattern could be found in 12 choroidal hemangioma. No intrinsic flow was detected in 8 choroidal hemorrhages or subretinal hemorrhages and 2 teratoid medulloepitheliomas. Conclusions CDU is of significance in the diagnosis and differention of intraocular tumors.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-522560

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical manifestations and the effect factors of thyroid-associated ophthalmopath (TAO) with optic neuropathy. Methods The clinical data of 62 cases (120 eyes) of TAO with optic neuropathy diagnosed in 1994-2001 were retrospectively analyzed. Results The incidence of TAO with optic neuropathy was 18.3% in all the simultaneous TAO inpatients, and was more frequently found in the male than in the female ones. The incidence of TAO with optic neuropathy was correlated with orbitono-increase, ocular myopathy, hypertension, hyperlipemia, diabetes, and cardiopathy (P0.05). In 62 patients with the methylprednisolone pulse therapy, the visual acuity improved in 33 (29 0%), improved while the treatment but decreased after stop treating in 29 (24.2%), and no changes in 58 (46.8%). In 63 eyes undergone orbital decompression with methylprednisolone pulse therapy, 59 (93.7%) had better visual acuity. Conclusion The incidence of TAO with optic neuropathy was correlated with orbitono-increase, ocular myopathy, hypertension, hyperlipemia, diabetes, and cardiopathy. Methylprednisolone pulse therapy and orbital decompression are the effective measures for TAO with optic neuropathy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-529498

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the multidrug resistance(MDR),reversal activity of 2-[4-(2-pyridin-2-yl-vinyl) henyl]-4,5-bis-(4-N,N-diethylaminophenyl)-1(H)-imidazole(FG020318) in a retinoblastoma subline SO-Rb50/VCR,which is resistant to vincristine.METHODS: The procedure of stepwise increase in drug concentrations was used to obtain SO-Rb50/VCR,which was resistant to 200 ?g/L vincristine. The chemosensitivity of this drug resistant cell line with and without FG020318 or cyclosporine A(CSA) were detected by MTT assay and the function of p-glycoprotein(P-gp) was examined by rhodamine 123 accumulation detected with flow cytometry(FCM).RESULTS: FG020318(2.5 ?mol/L) significantly reduced IC50 and increased the rhodamine accumulation in a concentration-dependent manner. It was much stronger than the positive control CSA in reversal of MDR.CONCLUSION: A new tumor MDR modulator FG020318 partly reverses MDR in SO-Rb50/VCR.It may be a promising new drug to tackling MDR.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-519155

ABSTRACT

Objective To probe the significance of application of ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) in the diagnosis and management of the iris and ciliary tumors. Methods UBM (Mode 840, Humphrey, 50 MHz 5 mm?5 mm) was done in 34 cases (35 eyes) of iris and ciliary body tumors, and some of the affected eyes underwent B scan or Doppler ultrasound and CT scan. Histopathological examination of the resected tumor tissues was performed in 21 eyes of the operation. Results Among this series of 35 eyes with iris and ciliary body tumors detected by UBM, the characteristics of locality and solidity of the tumors, i,e., anterior chamber in plantation cyst, cyst behind the iris, and solid tumors of iris and ciliary body, of 21 eyes undergone surgical treatment revealed the same results both in UBM and histopathological examinations. Conclusion UBM can supply precise informations in diagnosis and treatment of tumors of iris and ciliary body.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-540783

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the methods and efficacy of microsurgical treatment for the premalignant and malignant lesions of the conjunctiva. Methods Forty-seven patients witn premalignant and malignant lesions of the conjuncitva were managed by microsurgical, these patients include 12 melanoma, 26 squamous cell carcinoma, 6 Bowen’ diseases, 3 primary acquired melanosis. The surgical method differs with limbal tumors, extralimbal tumors, and primary acquired melanosis. Results In all 47 patients, the tumor was completely removed in in one procedure. After follow-up for 4~60 months(mean 17 months), these were no tumor recurrence. Conclusion It is effective methods that premalignant and malignant lesions of the conjunctiva are managed by microsurgical resection, alcohol application, and supplemental cryotherapy. Careful propeirativa clinical evaluation of patient with a conjunctiva neoplasm is important in making the correct diagnosis and planning the surgical approach.

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