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International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 168-172, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693214


Objective To compare the clinical effect of Multiloc nailing and Philos locking plate for treating proximal humerus fracture.Methods A retrospective analysis of 34 surgery treated proximal humeral fractures patients in Department of Orthopedics,Beijing Haidian Hospital and Department of Orthopedics,Beijing Chaoyang Hospital,Capital Medical University from January 2015 to June 2016,in which 3 cases of high-energy injury and multiple fractures andonecase of humerus head replacement and onecase of non-surgical treatment were excluded.Finally,29 patients were included and clinical followed up to 12 months after surgery.The 29 paients were divided into the locking plate group (n =13) and intramedullary nail group (n =16),The operative time,volume of intraoperative blood loss,preoperative to postoperative 24 patients were compared between the locking plate group and intramedullary nail group underwent open reduction and internal fixation with philos locking plate hemoglobin changes,24 h postoperative visual analogue scale and 3,6,12 months postoperative Constant-Murley shoulder function score.SPSS13.0 statistical software was used to analyze the data.Measurement data were expressed as ((x) ± s).Comparison of groups used independent samples t test,repeated measurement data used repeated measures analysis of variance.Results The age of the locking plate group was (65.7 ± 9.3) years,and the age of the intramedullary nailing group was (65.6 ± 11.1) years.In the locking plate group,the operation time was (150 ± 17) minutes,the intraoperative blood volume was (300 ± 53) ml,the change of blood pigment between before surgery to 24 hours after surgery was (26 ± 8) mg/L,and the vision algetic standard of 24 hours after surgery was (3.4 ± 0.8) scores.In intramedullary nailing group,the operation time was (119 ± 13) minutes,the intraoperative blood volume was (130 ± 25) ml,and the change of blood pigment between before surgery to 24 hours after surgery was (11 ± 5) g/L,the vision algetic standard of 24 hours after surgery was (2.3 ± 0.5) scores.No serious postoperative complications occurred in either group,including infection,internal fixationfailure,and humeral head necrosis.In locking plate group,for the Constant-Murley shoulder joint function score,3 months after surgery was (76.0 ± 11.6) scores,6 months was (78.0 ± 13.4) scores,12 months was (88.0 ± 12.1) score.In intramedullary nailing group 3 months was (85.0 ± 9.7) scores,6 months was (87.0 ± 8.9) scores,12 months was (89.0 ± 10.3) scores.There were no statistical difference between the two groups at incidence of serious complications after surgery,postoperative 12 months Constant-Murley shoulder joint function score.Muhiloc intramedullary nailing group was better than Philos locking plate group in the operation time,the intraoperative blood volume,etc.Conclusion Multiloc intramedullary nail is an effective method for treating proximal humerus fracture,and it has the advantages of less surgical injury and early postoperativesatisfactory than the locking plate.

Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 200-202, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510185


Objective To compare the clinical effects between rivaroxaban and warfarin on preventing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in elderly hip fracture patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) after operation. Methods One hundred and sixty-eight elderly hip fracture patients with DM were randomly divided into the observation group and the control group. The observation group (88 cases) were treated with rivaroxaban (10mg, po, qd) after surgery, and the control group were treated with warfarin and low molecular weight heparin calcium for 14 days. Respectively after 7, 14, 21 and 28 days, the color doppler ultrasonography was used to examination vein blood flow and the DVT of affected lamb. In addition, the levels of D-dimer and bleeding were observed during treatment. Results The incidence of DVT in observation group (2 cases, 2.23%) was significantly lower than that in control group (7 cases, 8.75%), and DVT of control group was happened on 7th day after surgery. In addition, the level of D-dimer on 7th day post-surgery in observation group significantly decreased, while it significantly decreased on 14th day post-surgery in control group (P<0.05). However, the incidence of bleeding events in observation was less than that in control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Rivaroxaban can be more effective compared with warfarin in preventing diabetes mellitus elderly hip fracture patients with postoperative DVT formation and significantly reduce the bleeding risk, with more safe and convenient.

Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 190-193, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490754


Objective To analyse the risk factors of medical complications after hip fracture surgery.Methods Clinical data of 327 hip fracture patients undergoing surgical treatment in Beijing Haidian Hospital from January 2009 to December 2013 were retrospectively studied.There were 114 males and 213 females with a mean age of (75.1 ±15.6) years, 129 patients(39.4%) had femoral neck fractures, and 198 patients ( 60.6%) had intertrochanteric fractures.Fifty four patients had medical complications during hospitalization ( complication group) and 273 patients did not have complications ( non-complications group ) . The clinical features, presurgical comorbidities and operative parameters were documented and compared between two groups.The risk factors of medical complications were assessed by regression analysis.Results Univariate analysis showed that age ( t =2.85, P=0.007), lying in bed before fracture(χ2 =12.86,P =0.000), the history of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases(COPD) (χ2 =9.45, P=0.000), coronary heart disease(χ2 =10.67,P=0.000), heart failure(χ2 =15.85,P=0.000), diabetes (χ2 =3.22,P=0.024), cerebrovascular disease(χ2 =4.21,P=0.008), anesthesia method(χ2 =8.67,P=0.018), American Society of Anesthesiologists(ASA) score ≥3 level(χ2 =2.01, P=0.042) and the delay time of operation (t=4.24, P=0.037) were significantly different between two groups.Multivariate regression analysis revealed that age(β=0.030, OR=1.030), lying in bed before fracture (β=2.303, OR=10.716), the history of COPD (β=0.831, OR =1.995), coronary heart disease(β=0.858, OR=2.392), heart failure(β=1.971, OR=7.333)and ASA score ≥3 level(β=0.809,OR=2.583) were the independent risk factors of medical complications after hip fracture surgery. Conclusion Age, lying in bed before fracture, the history of COPD, coronary heart disease, heart failure and ASA score≥3 level would increase the risk of postoperative medical complications for patients with hip fracture.

Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 459-461, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958962


@#Objective To evaluate the effect of continuous passive motion (CPM) as an adjunct to active physiotherapy on pain and range of motion (ROM) after knee arthroplasty. Methods 20 female osteoarthritis patients (40 knees) undergoing bilateral knee arthroplasty were assigned into two groups. The experimental group received CPM and active physiotherapy twice a day while the control group received active physiotherapy only. They were assessed with visual analogue scale (VAS) and goniometer on pain and ROM of knee before and after operation. Results There were no statistical difference between these two groups for any outcome measures either 2 weeks or 3 months after operation (P>0.05), and they all improved in pain and ROM 3 months after operation compared with before (P<0.01). Conclusion CPM as an adjunctive therapy is not found to have an additional effect on pain or ROM 3 months after operation while active physiotherapy was used.