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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 181-188, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013613

ABSTRACT

Aim To analyze the differences in plasma biomarkers and metabolic pathways between Atractylodes chinensis and Atractylodes coreana after intervention in spleen deficiency rats, and discuss the spleen strengthening mechanism of the two from a non targeted metabolomics perspective. Methods A spleen deficiency model was established in SD rats using a composite factor method of improper diet, excessive fatigue, and bitter cold diarrhea. To determine the content of gastrointestinal and immunological indicators, UHPLC-QE-MS technology was used, combined with principal component analysis (PC A) and orthogonal projections to latent structures-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) methods to search for biomarkers in plasma of spleen deficiency rats, and metabolic pathways were induced using the Pathway database. Results After administration of Atractylodes chinensis and Atractylodes coreana, various indicators in plasma of spleen deficiency rats showed varying degrees of regression. Metabolomics analysis showed that Atractylodes chinensis and Atractylodes coreana respectively recalled 70 and 82 plasma differential metabolites. Atractylodes chinensis mainly regulated two metabolic pathways : "Glycine, serine, and threonine metabolism, and "Thiamine metabolism". Atractylodes coreana mainly regulated five metabolic pathways, "Glycine, serine, and threonine metabolism", "Thiamine metabolism, "Pyrimidine metabolism", "Butanoate metabolism", and "Riboflavin metabolism". Conclusions Both Atractylodes chinensis and Atractylodes coreana have certain regulatory effects on spleen deficiency rats, and their mechanism of action may be related to regulating metabolic pathways such as "Glycine, serine, and threonine metabolism, and "Thiamine metabolism"in spleen deficiency.

2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1683-1702, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010651

ABSTRACT

Parvalbumin interneurons belong to the major types of GABAergic interneurons. Although the distribution and pathological alterations of parvalbumin interneuron somata have been widely studied, the distribution and vulnerability of the neurites and fibers extending from parvalbumin interneurons have not been detailly interrogated. Through the Cre recombinase-reporter system, we visualized parvalbumin-positive fibers and thoroughly investigated their spatial distribution in the mouse brain. We found that parvalbumin fibers are widely distributed in the brain with specific morphological characteristics in different regions, among which the cortex and thalamus exhibited the most intense parvalbumin signals. In regions such as the striatum and optic tract, even long-range thick parvalbumin projections were detected. Furthermore, in mouse models of temporal lobe epilepsy and Parkinson's disease, parvalbumin fibers suffered both massive and subtle morphological alterations. Our study provides an overview of parvalbumin fibers in the brain and emphasizes the potential pathological implications of parvalbumin fiber alterations.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/pathology , Parvalbumins/metabolism , Parkinson Disease/pathology , Neurons/metabolism , Interneurons/physiology , Disease Models, Animal , Brain/pathology
3.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 70-72, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981587

ABSTRACT

A 3-year-old boy presented with bluish patch and scattered blue spots on the left side of his face. After several sessions of laser treatment, the azury patch in the periorbital area became even darker. Histopathology showed many bipolar, pigment-laden dendritic cells scattered in the papillary and upper reticular dermis. Immunohistochemically, these cells were positive for S100, SOX-10, melan-A, P16, and HMB-45. The positive rate of Ki-67 was less than 5%. Finally, the lesion was diagnosed with nevus of Ota concurrent with common blue nevus. Therefore, for cases of the nevus of Ota with poor response to laser treatment, the possible coexisting diseases should be suspected.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Child, Preschool , Nevus, Blue/pathology , Nevus of Ota/therapy , Skin/pathology , Face , Skin Neoplasms/pathology
4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1046-1053, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985631

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the prevalence, risk factors and treatment of anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: A descriptive method was used to analyze the prevalence and treatment of anemia in CKD patients based on regional health data in Yinzhou District of Ningbo during 2012-2018. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent influence factors of anemia in the CKD patients. Results: In 52 619 CKD patients, 15 639 suffered from by anemia (29.72%), in whom 5 461 were men (26.41%) and 10 178 were women (31.87%), and anemia prevalence was higher in women than in men, the difference was significant (P<0.001). The prevalence of anemia increased with stage of CKD (24.77% in stage 1 vs. 69.42% in stage 5, trend χ2 test P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that being women (aOR=1.57, 95%CI: 1.50-1.63), CKD stage (stage 2: aOR=1.10, 95%CI: 1.04-1.16;stage 3: aOR=2.28,95%CI: 2.12-2.44;stage 4: aOR=4.49,95%CI :3.79-5.32;stage 5: aOR=6.31,95%CI: 4.74-8.39), age (18-30 years old: aOR=2.40,95%CI: 2.24-2.57, 61-75 years old: aOR=1.35,95%CI:1.28-1.42, ≥76 years old: aOR=2.37,95%CI:2.20-2.55), BMI (<18.5 kg/m2:aOR=1.29,95%CI: 1.18-1.41;23.0-24.9 kg/m2:aOR=0.79,95%CI: 0.75-0.83;≥25.0 kg/m2:aOR=0.70,95%CI: 0.66-0.74), abdominal obesity (aOR=0.91, 95%CI: 0.86-0.96), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (aOR=1.15, 95%CI: 1.09-1.22), cancer (aOR=3.03, 95%CI: 2.84-3.23), heart failure (aOR=1.44, 95%CI: 1.35-1.54) and myocardial infarction (aOR=1.54, 95%CI:1.16-2.04) were independent risk factors of anemia in CKD patients. Among stage 3-5 CKD patients with anemia, 12.03% received iron therapy, and 4.78% received treatment with erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) within 12 months after anemia was diagnosed. Conclusions: The prevalence of anemia in CKD patients was high in Yinzhou. However, the treatment rate of iron therapy and ESA were low. More attention should be paid to the anemia management and treatment in CKD patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 29-34, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of miRNA (miR) -193b-5p on melanogenesis and its possible mechanisms.Methods:Human primary melanocytes were isolated from discarded normal foreskin tissues of healthy males after circumcision, and cultured in vitro. miR-NC mimics (miR-NC mimic group) and miR-193b-5p mimics (miR-193b-5p mimic group) were transfected into human primary melanocytes and human MNT1 melanoma cells, separately. After transfection, real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was performed to determine the overexpression efficiency of miR-193b-5p at 48 hours, Western blot analysis to determine the expression of melanogenesis-related proteins tyrosinase (TYR) and microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) in human primary melanocytes and human MNT1 melanoma cells at 72 hours, and the melanin content in the above cells was determined by a sodium hydroxide solubilization method at 1 week. The target gene of miR-193b-5p was predicted by using Targetscan algorithms and verified by dual-luciferase reporter assay, and RT-qPCR and Western blot analysis were performed to analyze changes in mRNA and protein expression of the target gene respectively after the overexpression of miR-193b-5p. Two-independent-samples t test was used for comparisons between two groups. Results:In human primary melanocytes and human MNT1 melanoma cells, the miR-193b-5p expression levels were significantly higher in the miR-193b-5p mimic groups than in the miR-NC mimic groups ( t = 65.57, 22.49, respectively, both P < 0.001) , and the melanin content was significantly lower in the miR-193b-5p mimic groups (0.091 ± 0.007, 0.130 ± 0.004, respectively) than in the miR-NC mimic groups (0.117 ± 0.002, 0.188 ± 0.032, t = 5.98, 3.24, P < 0.01, < 0.05, respectively) . Western blot analysis showed that the expression of melanogenesis-related proteins TYR and MITF in both human primary melanocytes and human MNT1 melanoma cells was significantly lower in the miR-193b-5p mimic groups than in the miR-NC mimic groups (all P < 0.01) . TargetScan analysis and dual-luciferase reporter assay revealed a binding site for miR-193b-5p in the 3′ untranslated region of the transcriptional regulator CITED2. After up-regulation of miR-193b-5p expression in human primary melanocytes and human MNT1 melanoma cells, the CITED2 mRNA and protein expression levels significantly decreased compared with the miR-NC mimic groups (all P < 0.05) . Conclusion:miR-193b-5p overexpression can down-regulate the expression of melanogenesis-related proteins TYR and MITF, and then inhibit melanogenesis, which may be related to the targeted inhibition of CITED2 expression.

6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 33-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993719

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the results of national surveillance on the distribution and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical bacterial isolates from bloodstream infections in China in 2021.Methods:The clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture from member hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistant Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS) were collected during January 2021 to December 2021. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted by agar dilution or broth dilution methods recommended by Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). WHONET 5.6 was used to analyze data.Results:During the study period, 11 013 bacterial strains were collected from 51 hospitals, of which 2 782 (25.3%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 8 231 (74.7%) were Gram-negative bacteria. The top 10 bacterial species were Escherichia coli (37.6%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (18.9%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.8%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (6.3%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.6%), Enterococcus faecium (3.6%), Acinetobacter baumannii (2.8%), Enterococcus faecalis (2.7%), Enterobacter cloacae (2.5%) and Klebsiella spp (2.1%). The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus aureus were 25.3% and 76.8%, respectively. No glycopeptide- and daptomycin-resistant Staphylococci was detected; more than 95.0% of Staphylococcus aureus were sensitive to ceftobiprole. No vancomycin-resistant Enterococci strains were detected. The rates of extended spectrum B-lactamase (ESBL)-producing isolated in Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis were 49.6%, 25.5% and 39.0%, respectively. The prevalence rates of carbapenem-resistance in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were 2.2% and 15.8%, respectively; 7.9% of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae was resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam combination. Ceftobiprole demonstrated excellent activity against non-ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Aztreonam/avibactam was highly active against carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. The prevalence rate of carbapenem-resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii was 60.0%, while polymyxin and tigecycline showed good activity against Acinetobacter baumannii (5.5% and 4.5%). The prevalence of carbapenem-resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa was 18.9%. Conclusions:The BRICS surveillance results in 2021 shows that the main pathogens of blood stream infection in China are gram-negative bacteria, in which Escherichia coli is the most common. The MRSA incidence shows a further decreasing trend in China and the overall prevalence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococci is low. The prevalence of Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae is still on a high level, but the trend is downwards.

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1647-1654, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013985

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of esketamine(ESK)on lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced damage to HT22 cells(mouse hippocampal neuron cells)and the underlying mechanism. Methods After ESK pretreatment for 2 h and then LPS treatment for 24 h, Western blot was used to detect high mobility group box-1(HMGB1), long chain acyl CoA synthetase 4(ACSL4), prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2(PTGS2), transferrin receptor 1(TFR1), ferroportin(FPN)and ferritin expression. ELISA was used to detect the expression of inflammatory protein interleukin-1β(IL-1β)and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α). DHE fluorescent was probed to detect the changes in intracellular reactive oxygen species(ROS). MDA kit was used to detect intracellular lipid oxidation levels. FerroOrange fluorescent was probed to detect intracellular divalent iron ion levels. Electron microscopy was used to observe the changes in mitochondrial ultrastructure. Results Compared with the normal group, the levels of ROS, lipid peroxidation and Fe

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 376-382, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932679

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the expression level of lymphocyte enhancer-binding factor 1(LEF1) and CTNNB1 and the cycle arrest, apoptosis and radiation resistance of esophageal cancer cells and unravel the related mechanisms.Methods:Recombinantplasmids and empty plasmids expressing LEF1 and CTNNB1were constructed and transfected into esophageal cancer cells. RT-PCR assay was used to detect the transfection efficiency of the plasmids. Clone formation assay, CCK8 assay, cell cycle test by flow cytometry, apoptosis test by flow cytometry and Western blot were performed to detect the differences in theradioresistance, proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of esophageal cancer cells before and after transfection.Results:The survival rate of clonal colony cells in the pGEX-LEF1+ pCMV6-CTNNB1 group was significantly better than those in other groups ( P<0.05). The proliferation of clonal colony cellsat 72 h, 96 h and 120 h in the pGEX-LEF1+ pCMV6-CTNNB1 group was significantly better than those in the pGEX+ pCMV6, pGEX-LEF1+ pCMV6 and pCMV6-CTNNB1+ pGEX groups (all P<0.05). The percentage of G 2 phase arrest cells in the pGEX-LEF1+ pCMV6-CTNNB1 group was significantly higher than those in the other groups (all P<0.05). The apoptosis rate of esophageal cancer cells in the pGEX-LEF1+ pCMV6-CTNNB1 group was significantly lower compared with those in the pGEX+ pCMV6, pGEX-LEF1+ pCMV6 and pCMV6-CTNNB1+ pGEX groups (all P<0.05). The expression levels of Bax and Caspase 3 proteins in the pGEX-LEF1+ pCMV6-CTNNB1 group were significantly lower than those in the pGEX+ pCMV6, pGEX-LEF1+ pCMV6 and pCMV6-CTNNB1+ pGEX groups (all P<0.05). The expression level of Bcl-2 protein in the pGEX-LEF1+ pCMV6-CTNNB1 group was significantly higher compared with those in the other groups (all P<0.05). Conclusion:LEF1 and CTNNB1 can regulate the proliferation and G 2 phase arrest of esophageal cancer cells after radiation intervention by mediating the Wnt signaling pathway, and improve the radiation resistance of esophageal cancer cells by inhibiting cell apoptosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 525-529, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930654

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the experience and true feeling of home care aides during nighttime caring at the first beginning stage of this program, find the difficulty of it and provide constructive suggestions for improvement.Methods:Semi-structed interviews were used to collect the data of 16 home care aides who were taking part in nighttime caring. Colaizzi phenomenological analysis was used to process and analyze the data.Results:Three themes were extracted by classifying and analyzing the details of the interview: the service content of nighttime care was easy, but had many constraint conditions; the caregivers had diversified emotional experience during nighttime care; the elderly would like to enjoy nighttime care, but they were unwilling to pay by themselves.Conclusions:Nighttime caring project deepens the service content of home-based care. But the nighttime care project needs to be standardized. We should establish risk prevention measures to guarantee the benefit and security of both home caregivers and care-receivers, changing the opinions of consumption among the elderly, increasing the amount of subsidy to enlarge the expansion of nighttime care and improve the equality of this caring program.

10.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 183-193, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927095

ABSTRACT

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression and are biomarkers for coronary atherosclerosis (AS). A novel miRNA-mRNA regulation network of coronary AS still needs to be disclosed. The aim of this study was to analyze potential mRNAs in coronary AS patients and the role of their upstream miR-491-5p in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). We first confirmed top ten mRNAs according to the analysis from Gene Expression Omnibus database (GSE132651) and examined the expression levels of them in the plaques and serum from AS patients. Five mRNAs (UBE2G2, SLC16A3, POLR2C, PNO1, and AMDHD2) presented significantly abnormal expression in both plaques and serum from AS patients, compared with that in the control groups.Subsequently, they were predicted to be targeted by 11 miRNAs by bioinformatics analysis. Among all the potential upstream miRNAs, only miR-491-5p was abnormally expressed in the plaques and serum from AS patients. Notably, miR-491-5p overexpression inhibited viability and migration, and significantly increased the expression of contractile markers (α-SMA, calponin, SM22α, and smoothelin) in VSMCs. While silencing miR-491-5p promoted viability and migration, and significantly suppressed the expression of α-SMA, calponin, SM22α, and smoothelin. Overall, miR-491-5p targeted UBE2G2, SLC16A3, and PNO1 and regulated the dysfunctions in VSMCs.

11.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 487-492, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To confirm items included in a tool for assessing clinical outcomes based on International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Rehabilitation Set.Methods:The item pool was established based on the ICF Rehabilitation Set. Then 15 experts were invited to participate in three rounds of expert Delphi consensus-building to choose items with high importance in assessing clinical outcomes. The reliability of the tool was examined by analyzing the experts′ positive coefficients, authority coefficients and degree of agreement.Results:The assessment tool which emerged from the three rounds comprised 17 items, including 8 Body Functions items (b130 Energy and drive functions, b134 Sleep functions, b152 Emotional functions, b280 Sensation of pain, b455 Exercise tolerance functions, b620 Urination functions, b710 Mobility of joint functions and b730 Muscle power functions), d230 Carrying out daily routine from General Tasks and Demands, 3 Mobility items (d410 Changing basic body position, d450 Walking and d465 Moving around using equipment), 4 Self-care items (d510 Washing oneself, d530 Toileting, d540 Dressing and d550 Eating) and 1 item of Interpersonal Interactions and Relationships (d710 Basic interpersonal interactions). All had 100% positive coefficients after the three rounds, with an authority coefficient of 0.81 and coefficients of variation between 0.054 and 0.412.Conclusion:The assessment tool constructed in this study provides a new direction for quality control in clinical practice and medical insurance assessments.

12.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1646-1650, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954904

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the elements of the diversified caring bank based on long-term care insurance system to provide a basis for the construction of diversified caring bank framework system.Methods:The phenomenological research method was adopted to conduct semi-structured interviews with 15 nursing management personnel in pension institutions in Suzhou and Suzhou long-term care insurance policy implementation management personnel in March to May 2021. NVivo 11 was used to manage interview data, and applied Colaizzi 7-step analysis to conduct inductive analysis and extract the themes.Results:The elements of the diversified caring bank based on long-term care insurance system were divided into three main modules: diversified caring personnel, diversified caring content and diversified incentive measures. The diversified caring personnel module included full-time and part-time caring personnel. Diversified caring content included six elements: daily life assistance, professional life caring, professional medical caring, communication and emotional support, emergency caring and special disease caring. Diversified incentive measures module included two elements: labor currency and "benefit" care currency.Conclusions:The diversified caring personnel provides continuous power for disabled caring; diversified caring content provides ways to meet the various needs of the disabled elderly; diverse incentives are effective ways to attract and stabilize the caring workforce.

13.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1601-1605, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954897

ABSTRACT

Long-term care is a long-term guarantee mechanism to meet the care needs of the old adults and ensure the quality of life. Among them, the professionalism and stability of the care team is a key factor to ensure the development of long-term care work. This paper analyzes the possible reasons for slow development of time bank with volunteers as the main body in the process of localization, and constructs a new model of diversified caring bank from the construction of care team, so as to promote the high-quality and sustainable development of long-term care in China.

14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 32-45, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884833

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical bacteria isolated from blood culture in China.Methods:The clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture from member hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistant Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS) were collected during January 2018 to December 2019. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted with agar dilution or broth dilution methods recommended by US Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). WHONET 5.6 was used to analyze data.Results:During the study period, 14 778 bacterial strains were collected from 50 hospitals, of which 4 117 (27.9%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 10 661(72.1%) were Gram-negative bacteria. The top 10 bacterial species were Escherichia coli (37.2%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (17.0%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.7%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (8.7%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.7%), Enterococcus faecium (3.4%), Acinetobacter baumannii(3.4%), Enterobacter cloacae (2.9%), Streptococci(2.8%) and Enterococcus faecalis (2.3%). The the prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus were 27.4% (394/1 438) and 70.4% (905/1 285), respectively. No glycopeptide-resistant Staphylococcus was detected. More than 95% of S. aureus were sensitive to amikacin, rifampicin and SMZco. The resistance rate of E. faecium to vancomycin was 0.4% (2/504), and no vancomycin-resistant E. faecalis was detected. The ESBLs-producing rates in no carbapenem-resistance E. coli, carbapenem sensitive K. pneumoniae and Proteus were 50.4% (2 731/5 415), 24.6% (493/2001) and 35.2% (31/88), respectively. The prevalence of carbapenem-resistance in E. coli and K. pneumoniae were 1.5% (85/5 500), 20.6% (518/2 519), respectively. 8.3% (27/325) of carbapenem-resistance K. pneumoniae was resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam combination. The resistance rates of A. baumannii to polymyxin and tigecycline were 2.8% (14/501) and 3.4% (17/501) respectively, and that of P. aeruginosa to carbapenem were 18.9% (103/546). Conclusions:The surveillance results from 2018 to 2019 showed that the main pathogens of bloodstream infection in China were gram-negative bacteria, while E. coli was the most common pathogen, and ESBLs-producing strains were in majority; the MRSA incidence is getting lower in China; carbapenem-resistant E. coli keeps at a low level, while carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae is on the rise obviously.

15.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 305-309, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883969

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of mindfulness-based training intervention on clinical efficacy in patients with nitrous oxide(laughing gas) addiction.Methods:From June 2019 to June 2020, sixty-six patients with nitrous oxide addiction in Beijing Gaoxin Hospital were selected and randomly divided into experimental group( n=33) and control group( n=33). The control group received Taijiquan training and physical training, while the experimental group added mindfulness-based training intervention on the basis of Taijiquan training and physical training.Symptom checklist 90 (SCL-90) scores and visual analog scales (VAS) craving scores were compared between the two groups at admission and 8 weeks after treatment.SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Independent sample t test and paired sample t test were used to compare the differences between groups and within groups. Results:(1)Before treatment, there were no significant differences in subscale scores of SCL-90 between the two groups except for depression factor((2.45±0.86), (2.03±0.46), t=2.474, P<0.05). After treatment, the subscale scores of somatization((1.38±0.35), (1.68±0.34), t=-3.656, P<0.05), phobic anxiety((1.49±0.37), (1.81±0.30), t=-3.993, P<0.05), paranoid ideation((1.50±0.47), (1.88±0.31), t=-3.898, P<0.05) and psychotism((1.34±0.54), (1.55±0.27), t=-3.094, P<0.05) of SCL-90 in the experimental group were significantly lower than those in the control group.(2)Before treatment, there was no significant difference in VAS craving score between the two groups( t=0.857, P=0.395). After treatment, the score of VAS in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group( t=27.427, P<0.05). Conclusion:Mindfulness training intervention can effectively improve the clinical symptoms of patients with nitrous oxide addiction, which is worthy of clinical application.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 1031-1037, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908626

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the transparency and tissue structure changes of human corneal stromal lenticules after long-term cryopreservation and explore a simple and feasible method for long-term effective preservation of corneal stromal lenticules.Methods:Two hundred samples of intact human corneal stromal lenticules from 200 eyes were obtained during femtosecond laser small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) in Hainan Eye Hospital, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center from 2013 to 2020.The samples were divided into 1-month, 24-month, 60-month and 80-month group and were stored in an ultra-low temperature freezer for 1, 24, 60 and 84 months respectively at -80 ℃ according to grouping, with 50 samples in each group.Transmittance of the corneal lenticules at wavelength of 300-800 nm was measured with an ultra-micro spectrophotometer and every lenticule was measured for 10 times with a 50 nm interval.The histomorphology and collagen fiber structure of the corneal lenticules were examined by hematoxylin-eosin staining and Masson staining, respectively.The arrangement of collagen fibers and ultrastructure changes of keratocytes in the samples were inspected with a transmission electron microscope.The apoptosis rate of keratocytes was determined by TUNEL staining.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Hainan Eye Hospital at Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center (No.2013-003). This study complied with the Declaration of Helsinki.Written informed consent was obtained from each subject before surgery.Results:The corneal lenticules were clear and intact in all groups and no significant difference in the transmittance within 450-800 nm wavelength was seen among the 4 groups (all at P>0.05). Masson staining revealed that the collagen fibers in the lenticules were neatly arranged and tightly packed in the 1-month group.In the 24-month group, interfibrous vacuoles were found in some collagen fibers.The arrangement of the collagen fibers was loose and more vacuoles were displayed in the 60-month group, and the loss of some collagen fibers appeared and the lenticules were thinned in the 84-month group.It was found through hematoxylin-eosin staining that the morphological changes of corneal stromal lenticules corresponded to the alterations of collagen fibers.Transmission electron microscopy showed that in the 1-month group, the collagen fibers of the corneal stroma lenticules were neatly arranged and regular, and the corneal stromal cells were elongated and spindle-shaped, and the nuclear membrane was intact and the cytoplasm was abundant.In the 24-month group, the collagen fibers showed slightly loose arrangement, and the corneal stromal cells were deformed with incomplete nuclear membrane.In the 60-month group, the collagen fibers were in loose and irregular arrangement, and the nuclei were atrophied and deformed.The 84-month group showed disorganized arrangement of collagen fibers, wrinkled and atrophied corneal stromal cells, discontinuous nucleus membrane and nucleoplasmic lysis.TUNEL staining showed that the percentage of apoptotic corneal cells in lenticules was (87.80±1.17)%, (89.50±1.05)%, (89.30±1.51)% and (90.20±1.47)% in the 1-month, 24-month, 60-month and 84-month groups, respectively, with no statistically significant difference found in overall comparison ( F=4.525, P=0.053). Conclusions:The disorder of collagen fibers and apoptosis of keratocytes occur in the human corneal stromal lenticules till 84 months after cryopreservation, however, the transparency and integrity remain excellent.The ultra-low temperature preservation technique provides an effective and simple solution for long-term storage of human corneal stromal lenticule.

17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 733-736, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877140

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore body mass index (BMI) changes among children and adolescents in Suzhou before and after COVID-19 outbreak, and to provide a reference for improving physical health of children and adolescents.@*Methods@#A total of 569 children and adolescents who had complete BMI information in 2019 were enrolled through stratified cluster sampling from June to July, 2020. Questionnaire survey was conducted, and height and weight were measured to calculate BMI and BMI Z scores.@*Results@#After the epidemic, overweight/obesity rate were 32.0%, compared to 31.6% before the epidemic(χ 2=0.07, P>0.05). Difference of BMI Z scores before (0.37±1.28) and after (0.38±1.27) the epidemic did not show statistically significant (t=-0.28, P>0.05), No significant changes in BMI Z score were found before and affer COVID-19 outbreak similar results were observed (P>0.05), BMI Z scores after the epidemic (0.45±1.32) was higher than it before the epidemic (0.37±1.35) among primary school group (t=2.57, P=0.01), while BMI Z scores after the epidemic (0.27±1.17) was lower than it before the epidemic (0.39±1.18) among middle school group (t=-4.29, P<0.01). Proportion of sweet food consumption and outdoor activities was statistically different before and after the epidemic(P>0.05), proportion of sugar-sweetened beverages consumption and fried food intake were statistically different before and after the epidemic (P<0.05), sleep time after the epidemic (8.52±1.83)h was higher than it before the epidemic (8.05±1.70)h (t=4.96, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Before and after COVID-19 outbreak, BMI and overweight/obesity rates are significantly different among children and adolescents in Suzhou, and there is a slight difference in different studying phases.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 413-426, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932991

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the bacterial composition and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical isolates from bloodstream infections in China.Methods:The clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture were collected during January 2020 to December 2020 in member hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistant Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS). Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted by agar dilution or broth dilution methods recommended by Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute(CLSI, USA). WHONET 5.6 was used to analyze data.Results:During the study period, 10 043 bacterial strains were collected from 54 hospitals, of which 2 664 (26.5%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 7 379 (73.5%) were Gram-negative bacteria. The top 10 bacterial species were Escherichia coli (38.6%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (18.4%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.9%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (7.5%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.9%), Enterococcus faecium (3.3%), Enterobacter cloacae (2.8%), Enterococcus faecalis (2.6%), Acinetobacter baumannii (2.4%) and Klebsiella spp (1.8%). The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus aureus were 27.6% and 74.4%, respectively. No glycopeptide- and daptomycin-resistant Staphylococci were detected. More than 95% of Staphylococcus aureus were sensitive to rifampicin and SMZco. No vancomycin-resistant Enterococci strains were detected. Extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis were 48.4%, 23.6% and 36.1%, respectively. The prevalence rates of carbapenem-resistance in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were 2.3% and 16.1%, respectively; 9.6% of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains were resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam combination. The prevalence rate of carbapenem-resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii was 60.0%, while polymyxin and tigecycline showed good activity against Acinetobacter baumannii. The prevalence rate of carbapenem-resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was 23.2%. Conclusions:The surveillance results in 2020 showed that the main pathogens of bloodstream infection in China were gram-negative bacteria, while Escherichia coli was the most common pathogen, and ESBL-producing strains declined while carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae kept on high level. The proportion and the prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa were on the rise slowly. On the other side, the MRSA incidence got lower in China, while the overall prevalence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococci was low.

19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1002-1006, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921986

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correlation of methylation status of dachshund homolog 1 (DACH1) gene in tumor tissues with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients of esophageal cancer.@*METHODS@#Tumor tissue, paracancerous tissue and normal esophageal mucosal specimens of 104 patients with esophageal cancer were collected. Methylation-specific PCR was used to determine the methylation status of the DACH1 gene. Univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression model were used to analyze the correlation between DACH1 methylation status and clinical pathological characteristics of the patients. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze the relationship between DACH1 methylation status and prognostic survival of patients.@*RESULTS@#The methylation rate of the DACH1 gene in esophageal cancer tumor tissue was 30.77% (32/104), which was higher than those in adjacent tissues (1.92%) and normal esophageal mucosa (0%) (P 0.05) but tumor differentiation, TNM staging, and lymph node metastasis(P< 0.05). The degree of tumor differentiation, TNM stage, and lymph node metastasis of patients are independent risk factors for the methylation status of the DACH1 gene. By March 2020, 89 of the 104 patients had died. Among them, the median survival foresophageal cancer patients with DACH1 gene methylation was 22 months, which was lower than 34 months of those without DACH1 methylation (P< 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Methylation of the DACH1 gene may be involved in the occurrence and progress of esophageal cancer. The degree of tumor differentiation, TNM stage, and lymph node metastasis of patients are independent risk factors for the methylation status of the DACH1 gene. Patients with esophageal cancer but unmethylated DACH1 gene have a longer prognostic survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Eye Proteins/genetics , Lymphatic Metastasis , Methylation , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Transcription Factors
20.
J Biosci ; 2020 Feb; : 1-9
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-214330

ABSTRACT

Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is a major cause of clinical emergencies during and after surgical procedures.Propofol protects the heart from cardiovascular IR injury by inhibiting autophagy. MicroRNAs (miRNAs)participate in anesthetic-regulated cardiovascular injury. MiR-20b-5p targets unc-51-like autophagy activatingkinase 1 (ULK1). Its role in propofol-modulated cardiovascular IR injury remains unclear, however. In thisstudy, we used an in vitro model of hypoxia-reoxygenation (HR)-induced injury to human umbilical veinendothelial cells (HUVECs) to determine the protective effect of miR-20b-5p in cells preconditioned withpropofol. We found that miR-20b-5p was significantly higher and ULK1 was lower in propofol-preconditionedHUVECs with HR injury than in HUVECs with HR injury only. Additionally, miR-20b-5p overexpressionincreased cell viability and repressed autophagy and apoptosis more in propofol-preconditioned HUVECs withHR injury than in HUVECs with HR injury only. A luciferase reporter assay confirmed the target reactionbetween miR-20b-5p and ULK1. Overexpression of ULK1 restrained the protective effect of miR-20b-5p inpropofol-preconditioned HUVECs with HR injury. In conclusion, our results indicate that propofol inhibitsautophagic cell death via the miR-20b-5p-ULKI axis and that ULK1 may be a therapeutic target for cardiovascular IR injury

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