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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912026

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of individualized aerobic training combined with resistance training on heart rate recovery and exercise capacity among patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and explore possible mechanisms.Methods:Forty middle-aged patients with moderate to severe OSAS were randomly assigned to an observation group (OG, n=20) or a control group (CG, n=20). Both groups were given routine health guidance and motor training, while the OG additionally underwent individualized aerobic exercise training at 60%~75% of their peak power and resistance training loaded at 60%~80% of their ten-times maximum repetition figure. The training was three times a week for 3 months. Both groups underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing and polysomnography before and after the 12-week intervention. The changes in their sleep apnea hypopnea index (AHI), oxygen desaturation index (ODI) and lowest oxygen saturation (L-SAO 2) were collected. Exercise capacity indicators such as peak oxygen uptake (VO 2peak), peak power, anaerobic threshold and sitting heart rate recovery (HRR) 1, 2 and 3 minutes after the test were recorded (denoted as HRR-1, HRR-2 and HRR-3). Results:There were no significant differences between the two groups in any of the measurements before the intervention. Afterward the average AHI, ODI and L-SAO 2 values of the observation group had all improved significantly compared with those before the training and compared with the control group′s values after the training. After the training, the VO 2peak and peak power of the observation group had also improved significantly compared with before the training and compared with the control group. HRR-1, HRR-2 and HRR-3 were all significantly higher in the observation group than before the training and higher than the control group′s values after the training. Conclusion:Combining aerobic and resistance training can improve the exercise ability and heart rate of middle-aged patients with moderate to severe OSAS, and also reduce the severity of their OSAS to some extent.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of hemoperfusion in the treatment of severe organophosphorus poisoning and its effect on diaphragm function.Methods:Eighty-five patients with severe organophosphorus poisoning who received treatment in Affiliated Huxi Hospital of Jining Medical University (Shanxian Central Hospital), China between January 2018 and January 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into treatment ( n = 43)and control ( n = 42) groups. The control group was given conventional treatment including gastric lavage, catharsis, and application of reactivators and anticholinergic drugs. The treatment group was subjected to three times of hemoperfusion, with an interval of 24 hours between two hemoperfusion interventions based on the conventional treatment used in the control group. Before and after three times of hemoperfusion, serum levels of cholinesterase (CHE), interleukin-6 (IL-6), arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2), and arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) were measured. The Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score and oxygenation index (OI) in each group were calculated. Right diaphragmatic activity, diaphragmatic thickness at the end of inspiration (DTei) and diaphragmatic thickness at the end of expiration were measured by bedside ultrasound. The diaphragmatic thickening rate (DTF) and diaphragmatic rapid shallow breathing index (D-RSBI) were calculated. Serum CHE and IL-6 levels, OI, diaphragmatic activity, DTF and D-RSBI were compared between the treatment and control groups. The incidence of intermediate syndrome, tracheal intubation rate, 28-day mortality rate, and hospital stay were compared between the two groups. Results:Before hemoperfusion, there were no significant differences in serum levels of CHE and IL-6, OI, right diaphragmatic activity, DTF, and D-RSBI between the treatment and control groups (all P > 0.05). After three times of hemoperfusion, serum IL-6 level and D-RSBI in the treatment group were (37.9 ± 6.2) ng/L and (0.77 ± 0.20) times /min/mm, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(45.9 ± 5.3) ng/L, (0.90 ± 0.16) times/min/mm ( t = -6.295, -3.382, P < 0.001, P = 0.001)]. Serum CHE level, OI, DE and DTF in the treatment group were (2.29 ± 0.52) kU/L, (264.5 ± 24.3) mmHg, (16.5 ± 1.9) mm, (27.2 ± 4.7) %, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(1.96 ± 0.39) kU/L, (252.6 ± 27.2) mmHg, (14.3 ± 1.6) mm, (23.5 ± 4.1) %, t = 3.258, 2.141, 5.598, 3.877, all P < 0.05]. The incidence of intermediate syndrome, tracheal intubation rate, hospital stay in the treatment group were [4.7% (2/43)], [2.3% (1/43)] and [(11.8 ± 1.8) days], respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [23.8% (10/42), 19.0% (8/42) and (12.9 ± 1.8) days, χ2 = 6.432, P = 0.011; χ2 = 6.276, P = 0.012; t = -2.932, P = 0.004]. There was no significant difference in 28-day mortality rate between the two groups ( P > 0.05). Conclusion:Hemoperfusion can improve diaphragmatic function, reduce inflammatory reaction and shorten hospital stay in patients with severe organophosphorus poisoning.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907760

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of miR-494 negatively regulating ROCK1 and PTEN in inhibiting apoptosis of pancreatic cells and participating in the occurrence and development of acute pancreatitis.Methods:Pancreatic acinar cells AR42J from rats were treated by caerulein, and then the levels of amylase, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 1 (IL-1) and IL-6 in the supernatant of cell culture were detected by ELISA to verify the cell model of acute pancreatitis. RT-PCR was used to detect the expression of miR-494 in normal AR42J cells (control group) and acute pancreatitis cell model (model group). Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis of the control group, negative control miRNA transfected acute pancreatitis cell model (negative control group) and miR-494 transfected acute pancreatitis cell model (miR-494 transfection group). Western blot was used to detect the expression of ROCK1 and PTEN in the control group, negative control group and miR-494 transfection group.Results:The levels of amylase, TNF-α, IL-1 and IL-6 in the supernatant of AR42J cells treated with caerulein for 8 h and 12 h were significantly higher than those at 0 h and the control group ( P<0.05), indicating that the model was successfully constructed. The expression levels of miR-494 at 8 h, 12 h and 24 h after the establishment of acute pancreatitis cell model were significantly higher than those at 4 h and the control group ( P < 0.05). The apoptosis rate of the model group was significantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.05), and the apoptosis rate of the miR-494 transfection group was significantly lower than that of the model group ( P<0.05). The expression levels of ROCK1 and PTEN in the miR-494 transfection group were significantly lower than those in the model group and negative control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:When acute pancreatitis occurs, overexpression of miR-494 can inhibit the expression of pro-apoptotic protein, thus inhibiting the apoptosis of pancreatic acinar cells and promoting the development of acute pancreatitis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907737

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of pioglitazone in reducing lung injury induced by acute pancreatitis.Methods:Thirty healthy male SD rats were randomly(random number) divided into the sham operation group, model group and pioglitazone group, with 10 rats in each group. After anesthesia, the rats in the sham operation group were injected with normal saline retrogradely through the pancreaticobiliary duct. In the model group, after anesthesia, the rats were retrogradely injected with sodium taurocholate into the pancreaticobiliary duct to construct the lung injury model of severe acute pancreatitis. In the pioglitazone group, the model was established after intraperitoneal injection of pioglitazone. Six rats in each group were randomly selected and killed 12 h after operation, and then lung tissue and venous blood were collected. The levels of serum amylase and TNF-α and NO in lung tissue homogenate were detected and compared among the three groups; the expression of TLR2 mRNA and TLR4 mRNA in lung tissue was detected by RT-PCR and compared among the three groups; the lung tissue pathological injury score and lung leakage index were calculated and compared among the three groups. The correlation of TLR2 and TLR4’s mRNA expression with lung tissue pathological injury score and lung leakage index was analyzed.Results:The levels of serum amylase and the levels of TNF-α and NO in lung tissue homogenate in the model group were significantly higher than those in the sham operation group, and the above indexes in the pioglitazone group were significantly lower than those in the model group ( P<0.05). The expression levels of TLR2 mRNA and TLR4 mRNA in lung tissue, the lung tissue pathological injury score and lung leakage index in the model group were significantly higher than those in the sham operation group, and the above indexes in the pioglitazone group were significantly lower than those in the model group ( P<0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that the expression levels of TLR2 mRNA and TLR4 mRNA in lung tissue were significantly positively correlated with the lung tissue pathological injury score ( rs=0.959, P<0.001; rs=0.924, P<0.001). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the expression levels of TLR2 mRNA and TLR4 mRNA in lung tissue were significantly positively correlated with the lung leakage index ( r=0.957, P<0.001; r=0.958, P<0.001). Conclusions:Pioglitazone may reduce the severity of severe acute pancreatitis induced lung injury by inhibiting the expression of TLR2 mRNA and TLR4 mRNA in lung tissue.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896262

ABSTRACT

Several studies have previously reported that exposure to stress provokes behavioral changes, including antinociception, in rodents. In the present study, we studied the effect of acute cold-water (4°C) swimming stress (CWSS) on nociception and the possible changes in several signal molecules in male ICR mice.Here, we show that 3 min of CWSS was sufficient to produce antinociception in tailflick, hot-plate, von-Frey, writhing, and formalin-induced pain models. Significantly, CWSS strongly reduced nociceptive behavior in the first phase, but not in the second phase, of the formalin-induced pain model. We further examined some signal molecules' expressions in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and spinal cord to delineate the possible molecular mechanism involved in the antinociceptive effect under CWSS.CWSS reduced p-ERK, p-AMPKα1, p-AMPKα2, p-Tyk2, and p-STAT3 expression both in the spinal cord and DRG. However, the phosphorylation of mTOR was activated after CWSS in the spinal cord and DRG. Moreover, p-JNK and p-CREB activation were significantly increased by CWSS in the spinal cord, whereas CWSS alleviated JNK and CREB phosphorylation levels in DRG. Our results suggest that the antinociception induced by CWSS may be mediated by several molecules, such as ERK, JNK, CREB, AMPKα1, AMPKα2, mTOR, Tyk2, and STAT3 located in the spinal cord and DRG.

6.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 476-480, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923222

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the abnormal results and their causes of personal dose monitoring on medical radiation workers.METHODS: The medical radiation workers monitored from 2016 to 2019 in the personal dose monitoring room of Guangdong Province Hospital for Occupational Disease Prevention and Treatment were selected as the study subjects using convenient sampling method. The abnormal results and their causes of the medical radiation workers with personal dose equivalent ≥1.25 mSv(investigation level) in a single period were analyzed. RESULTS: The rate of abnormal results of personal dose monitoring was 0.26%(263/102 284). The false result rate was 0.19%(194/102 284), and that of the true result rate was 0.07%(69/102 284). A total of 73.38%(193/263) of medical radiation workers had abnormal results with an personal dose equivalent less than 5.00 mSv. Among different occupational groups, the abnormal results and false results in personal dose monitoring in interventional radiology group were the highest(all P<0.01). The abnormal result rate and false result rate were higher in the Pearl River Delta area than that in the non-Pearl River Delta area(0.27% vs 0.17%, 0.20% vs 0.12%, all P<0.05). The rate of false result of personal dose monitoring in the tertiary hospitals was lower than that in the non-tertiary hospitals(0.18% vs 0.30%, P<0.05). The main reason for the true results of personal dose monitoring was the increase of workload(43.48%), and the main reason for the false results was that the dosimeter was left in the workplace(57.73%). CONCLUSION: The rate of abnormal results of personal dose monitoring in the medical radiation workers is high. Radiological protection should be strengthened with emphasis on medical radiation workers in interventional radiology, Pearl River Delta area hospitals and non-tertiary hospitals.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921320

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study was to explore the effects of 2-hexyl-4-pentylenic acid (HPTA) in combination with radiotherapy (RT) on distant unirradiated breast tumors.@*Methods@#Using a rat model of chemical carcinogen (7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene,DMBA)-induced breast cancer, tumor volume was monitored and treatment response was evaluated by performing HE staining, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, qRT-PCR, and western blot analyses.@*Results@#The results demonstrated that HPTA in combination with RT significantly delayed the growth of distant, unirradiated breast tumors. The mechanism of action included tumor-associated macrophage (TAM) infiltration into distant tumor tissues, M1 polarization, and inhibition of tumor angiogenesis by IFN-γ.@*Conclusion@#The results suggest that the combination of HPTA with RT has an abscopal effect on distant tumors


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Cell Proliferation/radiation effects , Combined Modality Therapy , Cytokines/immunology , Fatty Acids, Unsaturated/therapeutic use , Female , Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental/radiotherapy , Rats , Tumor-Associated Macrophages/radiation effects
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903966

ABSTRACT

Several studies have previously reported that exposure to stress provokes behavioral changes, including antinociception, in rodents. In the present study, we studied the effect of acute cold-water (4°C) swimming stress (CWSS) on nociception and the possible changes in several signal molecules in male ICR mice.Here, we show that 3 min of CWSS was sufficient to produce antinociception in tailflick, hot-plate, von-Frey, writhing, and formalin-induced pain models. Significantly, CWSS strongly reduced nociceptive behavior in the first phase, but not in the second phase, of the formalin-induced pain model. We further examined some signal molecules' expressions in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and spinal cord to delineate the possible molecular mechanism involved in the antinociceptive effect under CWSS.CWSS reduced p-ERK, p-AMPKα1, p-AMPKα2, p-Tyk2, and p-STAT3 expression both in the spinal cord and DRG. However, the phosphorylation of mTOR was activated after CWSS in the spinal cord and DRG. Moreover, p-JNK and p-CREB activation were significantly increased by CWSS in the spinal cord, whereas CWSS alleviated JNK and CREB phosphorylation levels in DRG. Our results suggest that the antinociception induced by CWSS may be mediated by several molecules, such as ERK, JNK, CREB, AMPKα1, AMPKα2, mTOR, Tyk2, and STAT3 located in the spinal cord and DRG.

9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 397-400, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886069

ABSTRACT

Regulatory T cells (Treg cells) have a critical role in the maintenance of immune homeostasis. However, tumor infiltrating Treg (TITR) contributes to weaken anti-tumor specific immune response through enhancing immunosuppressive effect in tumor microenvironment (TME), leading to tumor escape from immune surveillance. Recently, Treg cells-based immunotherapy has achieved good anti-tumor effects with the appearance of immune checkpoint inhibitors, chemokines and their receptors antagonists, specific Treg cells selective target genes knockout and novel drugs. This paper reviews the biological characteristics of TITR and discusses the prospect and application of Treg cells-based immunotherapy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of tibial nerve vibration on triceps surae spasticity in stroke survivors and its electrophysiological mechanism.Methods:Thirty stroke survivors with upper limb spasticity were randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group, each of 30. Both groups were given routine rehabilitation training while the treatment group was additionally provided with local vibration of the tibial nerve with an amplitude of 0.3mm at 60Hz. Before and after the treatment, the modified Ashworth scale (MAS) and Clonus grading were used to assess muscle tone and spasticity. Electrophysiological functions were evaluated using the tibial nerve motor and sensory conduction test and F wave and H reflex sensing.Results:Before the treatment there were no significant differences between the two groups in their average MAS scores, Clonus grading, maximum H amplitude (Hmax), the ratio of maximum H to maximum M amplitude (H/M) or the intensity of stimulus required to elicit Hmax. After the treatment, however, all of those measurements had improved significantly in both groups with the average improvements in the treatment group significantly greater than those in the control group.Conclusions:Local vibration of the tibial nerve combined with traditional rehabilitation is more effective than traditional rehabilitation alone in relieving triceps surae spasticity and reducing muscle tone after a stroke. The vibration seems to inhibit excitation of the reflex pathway.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878333

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aims to investigate the correlation of an ultrasonic scoring system with intraoperative blood loss (IBL) in placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders.@*Methods@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 2015 and November 2019. Clinical data for patients with PAS have been obtained from medical records. Generalized additive models were used to explore the nonlinear relationships between ultrasonic scores and IBL. Logistic regressions were used to determine the differences in the risk of IBL ≥ 1,500 mL among groups with different ultrasonic scores.@*Results@#A total of 332 patients participated in the analysis. Generalized additive models showed a significant positive correlation between score and blood loss. The amount of IBL was increased due to the rise in the ultrasonic score. All cases were divided into three groups according to the scores (low score group: ≤ 6 points, @*Conclusions@#The risk of blood loss equal to or greater than 1,500 mL increases further when ultrasonic score greater than or equal to 10 points, the preparation for transfusion and referral mechanism should be considered.


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Loss, Surgical/statistics & numerical data , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Logistic Models , Placenta Accreta/surgery , Predictive Value of Tests , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Risk , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/statistics & numerical data
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876172

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze current situation of hospice care in Jinshan District of Shanghai and provide recommendations for development of hospice care. Methods:This cross-sectional study included 8 hospice care institutions, their health staff and 316 patients during May-August, 2019. Results were analyzed by quantitative and qualitative methods. Results:There had 80 approved beds in Jinshan District, but only 53 beds were used for 189 inpatients in 2017. Hospice care institutions received financial supports from district government at the construction stage, but relied on their own for daily operation costs. The motivation of health staff to work in hospice care was not strong. Among the hospice care workers, 18% had no certification for hospice care, and only 5% of them had senior professional titles. Continued education for health workers in hospice care was weak and the workers were under heavy stress. Conclusion:The potential needs for hospice care were unmet while hospice care was under-utilization in Jinshan District. The development of hospice care was unbalanced, and the health workers lacked motivation. The resources of hospice care need to be strengthened.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880556

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of Tai Chi (TC) and resistance training (RT) with different intensity on the cancer-related fatigue (CRF) and quality of life (QoL) of middle-aged and elderly cancer patients.@*METHODS@#Totally 120 cancer patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to 4 groups by a random number table, including TC group, high-intensity 60% one repetition maximum (1-RM) RT group (HIRT), low-intensity (30% 1-RM) RT group (LIRT) and control group, 30 patients in each group. Participants in the TC group received 24-form simplified Yang-style TC training at a frequency of 40 min per day, 3 days per week for 12 weeks. Patients in the two RT groups received 10 sessions, 6 designated movements per day, 3 days per week for 12 weeks. The 1-RM of 6 muscle groups, fat mass (FM), lean body mass (LBM), along with the scores of Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI), QoL questionnaire for Chinese cancer patients receiving chemobiotherapy (QLQ-CCC), Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were measured before and after training. The adverse effect was also observed.@*RESULTS@#After 12-week intervention, patients in both TC and RT groups showed significant improvements in CRF and QLQ-CCC compared to pre-treatment (P<0.05). Compared with the LIRT and TC groups, patients in the HIRT group improved more significantly in increasing muscle strength and LBM, and reducing in FM (P<0.05). Patients in the TC group significantly increased in lower limb muscle strength compared with the LIRT group (P<0.05). In addition, patients in the TC group showed more significant improvements in scores of GAD-7, PHQ-9 and PSQI than 2 RT groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TC and RT, both low- and high-intensity training, can significantly increase muscle strength, reduce CRF and improve QoL in the middle-aged and elderly cancer patients. TC has a better effect than RT in terms of sleep quality and mental health. The long-term application is needed to substantiate the effect of TC as an alternative exercise in cancer patients.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826668

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect on chronic insomnia disorder (CID) and influences on episodic memory and sleep structure between acupuncture and estazolam tablets.@*METHODS@#A total of 140 CID patients were randomized into a meridian-point group (46 cases, 1 case dropped off), a non-meridian-and-non-acupoint group (47 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a medication group (47 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the meridian-point group, Baihui (GV 20), Shenmen (HT 7), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Zhaohai (KI 6) and Shenmai (BL 62) were selected and the routine acupuncture was applied. In the non-meridian-and-non-acupoint group, the needling technique was same as the meridian-point group. Acupuncture was given once daily for 4 weeks in the above two groups. In the medication group, estazolam tablets were administered orally, taken 1 to 2 mg per night, consecutively for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, the changes in the following indexes were observed in each group, i.e. the score of insomnia severity index (ISI), the score of auditory verbal memory test (AVMT) and the relevant indexes of sleep structure [total sleep time (TST), sleep onset latency (SOL), wake after sleep onset (WASO), sleep efficiency (SE) and the percentage of non rapid eye movement phase 1, 2 and 3 (N1, N2 and N3) and rapid eye movement time (REM) in TST].@*RESULTS@#After treatment, ISI scores were reduced in the meridian-point group and the medication group (<0.01), the score in the meridian-point group was lower than the medication group and the non-meridian-and-non- acupoint group respectively (<0.01) and that in the medication group was lower than the non-meridian-and-non-acupoint group (<0.01). After treatment, the score of each of immediate recall, short-term delayed recall, long-term delayed recall and delayed recognition of AVMT was increased in the meridian-point group and the medication group respectively (<0.01, <0.05) and the score of each item of AVMT in the meridian-point group was higher than the medication group and the non-meridian-and-non-acupoint group respectively (<0.01, <0.05). The scores of immediate memory and delayed recognition in the medication group were higher than the non-meridian-and-non-acupoint group respectively (<0.01). After treatment, SOL, WASO and N1% were all reduced (<0.01) and TST, SE, N3% and REM% were all increased (<0.01, <0.05) in the meridian-point group and the medication group, N2% in the meridian-point group was reduced (<0.01). After treatment, N1% and N2% in the meridian-point group were lower than the medication group (<0.01) and N3% and REM% were higher than the medication group (<0.01). After treatment, TST, SE and N3% in the meridian-point group and the medication group were all higher than the non-meridian-and-non-acupoint group respectively (<0.01, <0.05) and SOL, WASO and N1% were lower than the non-meridian-and-non-acupoint group respectively (<0.01). REM% in the meridian-point group was also higher than the non-meridion-and-non-acupoint group (<0.01), and N2% in the meridian-point group was also lower than the non-meridian-and-non-acupoint group (<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with estazolam, acupuncture much better improves sleep quality and episodic memory in patients with chronic insomnia disorder, which is possibly related to the regulation of sleep structure of patients in treatment with acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Estazolam , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Memory, Episodic , Sleep , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 617-623, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871491

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether CD5 + CD19 + B cells has the function of secreteing interleukin-10 (IL-10) in vitro, and to further investigate its possible effects and mechanisms on CD8 + cells in the process of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Methods:From July 2017 to June 2018, at Wuxi Second People′s Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, 23 patients with chronic hepatitis B (chronic hepatitis B group), 18 patients with liver cirrhosis (liver cirrhosis group) and 19 healthy individuals in the same period as healthy controls (healthy control group) were enrolled. Peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) were isolated and cultured. CD5 + CD19 + B cells were isolated. The cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. The ratio of high CD5 + CD19 + B cells content (>6 % of lymphocytes), the secretion of IL-10 by CD5 + CD19 + B and the ratio of high IL-10 + cells content (>4 % of lymphocytes) of three groups were compared. The effects and possible mechanisms of CD5 + CD19 + B cells on the secreting of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) by CD8 + cells were analyzed. Liver biopsy and immunohistochemistry examination were conducted in 18 patients (13 patients with chronic hepatitis B and 5 patients with liver cirrhosis) and the expression of CD5 + CD19 + B cells in human liver tissues was analyzed. Chi square test and Fisher exact probability test were used for statistical analysis. Results:The ratio of high CD5 + CD19 + B cells content of liver cirrhosis group was higher than that of healthy control group (8/18 vs. 2/19) and the difference was statistically significant (Fisher exact probability test, P=0.029). The precentage of CD5 + CD19 + B cells in healthy control group ( n=10), chronic hepatitis B group ( n=23) and liver cirrhosis group ( n=18) accounted for 81.6%, 82.3% and 70.1%of IL-10 + cells, respectively, and the number of patients with high IL-10 + cells precentage was 2, 7 and 2, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences among three groups (all P>0.05). After stimulated with lipopolysaccharide and cultured for 48 hours, the precentage of CD8 + IFN-γ + cells in lymphocytes of healthy control group ( n=10), chronic hepatitis B group ( n=10) and liver cirrhosis group ( n=10) were compared, and the differences were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). After CD5 + CD19 + B cells were eliminated, the precentage of CD8 + IFN-γ + cells in lymphocytes increased in 5, 4 and 4 patients of healthy control group ( n=10), chronic hepatitis B group ( n=10) and liver cirrhosis group ( n=10). After adding IL-10 receptor blocker, the precentage of CD8 + IFN-γ + cells in lymphocytes in PBMC increased compared with that before the addition of IL-10 receptor blocker (7.23% vs. 6.87%). The results of immunohistochemistry examination of liver biopsy indicated that CD4 + and CD8 + cells were strong expressed in portal area of liver tissue of patients, while CD5 + and CD19 + were less expressed. Conclusions:CD5 + CD19 + B cells do not show obvious quantitative and functional differences in the process of chronic HBV infection, however the ability of CD8 + cells to secrete IFN-γ, which may be achieved by secreting IL-10 rather than by direct contact between cells.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871229

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the value of lung function, cannula diameter and swallowing function in predicting the success of tube blocking in patients with severe neurological diseases so as to standardize the tracheal decannulation procedure.Methods:The tracheotomy tube blocking of 28 neurological disease patients was studied retrospectively. Before their tracheotomy tubes were blocked the patients′ lung function and swallowing function had been evaluated, and sputum volume and endotracheal tube diameter had been recorded.Results:The five most useful predictors of success in tracheotomy tube blocking were FVC, FVC%, FEV1 (L), FEV1 (L), FEV1 (L) and PEF(L/S). Their OR values were all greater than 1, indicating good predictive power. FEV1 and PEF showed the best predictive power, with OR values of 81.70 and 27.77, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of the other indicators. FEV1 predicted that the best truncation value for tracheotomy tube blocking success is 0.42L, achieving a sensitivity was 100% a specificity of 63.64%, and a correction index of 0.636.Conclusion:FEV1 values can be a useful predictor of successful tracheotomy tube blocking. Using it should improve the success rate of tube decannulation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793310

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) among Chinese pregnant women and the distributions of unhealthy lifestyles. Exploring the association between these behaviors and GDM to provide some suggestions to GDM prevention. Methods Women who were enrolled by the Chinese Pregnant Women Cohort Study and delivered before the 31st December, 2018 were enrolled by this study. The characters of physical activity, sedentary lifestyle, tobacco exposure, alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet and low sleep level were assessed by questionnaire and also the pregnancy complications. Binary Logistic regression model was adopted to analyzed the relationship between the dependent and independent variables. Results A total of 3 162 women were enrolled in this study and 372 of them were diagnosed GDM. Single variable analysis showed that lack of leisure time physical activity (RR=1.015,95% CI=1.005-1.279,P=0.046) and low sleep quality (RR=1.019, 95% CI: 1.004-1.196,P=0.047) were two risk factors of GDM. Compared with women who showed none of these unhealthy lifestyle, those who showed all six unhealthy behaviors had higher risk of GDM (RR=1.530, 95% CI: 1.263-8.880,P=0.036). Conclusions The incidence of GDM among Chinese women was 11.76%. Lack of physical activity and poor sleep quality could increase the risk of GDM and the cluster of unhealthy lifestyles is associated with higher GDM risk. Adequate physical activity, no smoking and drinking, balanced diet and other healthy behaviors are important to GDM prevention.

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 204-209, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857017

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of Rhein derivative 4a containing amide structure on migration and invasion in ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells and its possible mechanism. Methods Ovarian cancer SK0V3 cells were used as target cells. Molecular docking and West-em blot were used to detect the regulatory effect of derivative 4a on Racl protein. CCK8, HE staining, Scratch and Transwell assay were used to detect the effects of derivative 4a on the proliferation, morphology , migration and invasion of SK0V3 cells, respectively. Western blot was employed to determine the expression of matrix metalloproteinases and EMT-related proteins. Results Derivative 4a could effectively bind to Racl protein, and the binding energy was-29. 10 kcal • mol"1, which was significantly lower than that of Rhein; it also could down-regulate the expression of Racl protein in SK0V3 cells. Derivative 4a could significantly inhibit the proliferation, invasion and migra tion of SKOV3 cells, and induce a large amount of cellular vacuolation; derivative 4a could also down-regu-\ late the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9, up-regulate the expression of EMT epithelial marker protein E-ca-derin but down-regulate the expression of vimentin and j3-cantenin. Conclusions Derivative 4 a can inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of ovarian cancer SK0V3 cells. The mechanism may relate to its targeted regulation of Racl, thereby inhibiting the secretion of matrix metalloproteinases, up-regulating the expression of key molecule E-caderin and down-regula-ting the expression of Vimentin and (3-cantenin in EMT i process.•.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865497

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of nasal high flow oxygen therapy in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.Methods:From June 2017 to June 2018, 61 patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) admitted to the Huxi Hospital (Shanxian Central Hospital) Affiliated to Jining Medical College were taken as the clinical research objects. The patients were divided into control group and treatment group by using the random number table method with 31 patients in control group and 30 patients in treatment group. They all treated with anti-infection, anti-inflammation, expectoration, spasmolysis, asthma relief, anticoagulation and nutritional support. The control group was given conventional low flow oxygen therapy, while the treatment group was given nasal high flow oxygen therapy. The changes of partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2), partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2), pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PSAP), right ventricular pressure maximum rise rate (dp/dt) and the application rate of non-invasive and invasive mechanical ventilation within 7 d were observed before and 12, 24, 48 and 72 h after treatment. Results:Before treatment, PaO 2, PaCO 2, PSAP and dp/dt of patients in the two groups showed no statistical difference, indicating comparability between groups. Compared with the control group, the PaO 2 in the treatment group decreased at all time points after treatment [(54.37 ± 5.39) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) vs. (57.77 ± 6.06) mmHg, (61.87 ± 5.20) mmHg vs. (65.03 ± 4.91) mmHg, (66.93 ± 6.59) mmHg vs. (72.58 ± 7.13) mmHg, (70.20 ± 8.18) mmHg vs. (75.55 ± 7.37) mmHg, P<0.05]. PaCO 2 decreased [(57.97 ± 6.18) mmHg vs. (61.84 ± 6.20) mmHg, (51.27 ± 4.53) mmHg vs. (55.77 ± 5.87) mmHg, (48.57 ± 5.37) mmHg vs. (51.55 ± 4.62) mmHg, (44.70 ± 5.40) mmHg vs. (47.68 ± 5.86) mmHg, P<0.05]. PSAP all decreased [(50.80 ± 6.94) mmHg vs. (54.55 ± 6.58) mmHg, (48.70 ± 6.22) mmHg vs. (52.55 ± 6.91) mmHg, (45.33 ± 7.51) mmHg vs. (49.19 ± 6.40) mmHg, (41.23 ± 9.22) mmHg vs. (45.94 ± 7.35) mmHg, P<0.05]. Dp/dt all increased [(403.77 ± 109.43) mmHg/s vs. (345.39 ± 112.50) mmHg/s, (429.83 ± 102.56) mmHg/s vs. (369.77 ± 110.55) mmHg/s, (483.43 ± 105.20) mmHg/s vs. (426.48 ± 107.27) mmHg/s, (532.43 ± 107.01) mmHg/s vs. (473.74 ± 105.00) mmHg/s. P<0.05]. The application rate of non-invasive/invasive mechanical ventilation in the treatment group was lower than that in the control group within treated for 7 d ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Transnasal high-flow oxygen therapy has a better clinical effect on patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and is helpful to improve the right heart function.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862462

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the awareness rate of cognitive impairment and the needs for memory clinic in middle-aged and elderly residents in Shanghai suburb area. Methods A convenient sampling method and questionnaire survey were used in 289 outpatients in the No.1 Community Health Service Station of Dachang Community Health Service Center, Baoshan District in March 2019. Results Residents generally had less knowledge about their cognitive impairment, only 7.61% of residents were familiar with the disease.These residents who took part in the questionnaire survey showed higher interest about memory problems occurring in themselves and/or their relatives, 78.55% of them agreed that the memory test should be added in the annual physical examination for elders, and 91.35% thought that further mental examination should be taken if they had memory problems.Contrary to the large demands for memory clinic(65.05%), there was a lower awareness rate (19.03%) for medical institutions which had memory clinic. Conclusion The health promotion work related to cognitive impairment should be comprehensively carried out, and the publicity channels about memory clinic in local area or district should be increased so that residents in need can see a doctor in time.

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