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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1153-1160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910278

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index with plaque components, plaque burden and characteristics of vulnerable plaque using coronary plaque analysis based on coronary artery computed tomography (CCTA).Methods:A total of 498 patients(male 296, female 202), the age ranged from 33 to 87 (63±9) years who underwent CCTA from January 2020 to September in Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University were included. The enrolled patients were divided into three groups according to the tertiles of TyG index: T 1 group (the lowest one-third), T 2 group (middle one-third) and T 3 group (the highest one-third). The plaque burden, volume and ratio of calcified, lipid and fibrous components of plaques as well as the incidence of vulnerable plaques were measured based on CCTA images. Chi-square test, ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis test were used to compare whether the differences of indexes among the three groups were statistically significant. Multiple stepwise regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of coronary atherosclerotic plaque burden and multiple logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of CT high-risk plaque. Finally, ROC curve was used to evaluate the value of TyG index in the diagnosis of CT high-risk plaque, and the best diagnostic threshold of TyG index was determined. Results:The plaque burden, non-calcified plaque volume and ratio had positive relationship with TyG index ( P<0.001).TyG index was significantly correlated with plaque burden according to multiple stepwise regression analysis (regression coefficient 7.267, P<0.001). The results of CT vulnerable characteristics of plaques showed that positive remodeling, low-attenuation plaque sign and the incidence of vulnerable plaque increased with TyG index ( P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that TyG index was an independent risk factor for CT vulnerable plaque(OR=2.324,95 %CI 1.533-3.523, P<0.001). The cut-off value of TyG index that can predict vulnerable plaque was 8.43(sensitivity 77.24%, specificity 45.60%, AUC 0.645, P<0.001). Conclusions:With the increase of TyG index, the burden of coronary atherosclerosis plaque and the incidence of CT vulnerable plaque increased. TyG index is expected to be a simple and effective predictor of cardiovascular disease and adverse cardiovascular events.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 853-858, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868352

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of auto-tube voltage controlled contrast medium injection based on 3rd generation dual source CT coronary angiography.Methods:Patients with suspected coronary heart disease were prospectively enrolled from March to December, 2019 at Shandong Provincial Hospital and coronary CT angiography (CCTA) images were acquired from 220 patients, including 107 male, 113 female, aged from 34 to 82 years. Patients were divided into experimental and control groups with the random number table. In experimental group (113 patients), automatic tube voltage selection technology was used, the contrast agent dosage was set according to tube voltage. The injection time was 10 s; In control group (107 patients), tube voltage and contrast agent dosage were set according to weights. The injection time was 12 s. Images were acquired by ECG gating using the 3rd generation dual source CT (DSCT) with intravenous injection of 350 mg/L contrast medium, followed up with saline of the same dose. Interclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate the individual bias of raters. The rank sum test was used to evaluate the group-level differences of subjective image quality and contrast agent dosage. The t-test was used to evaluate the group-level differences of objective image quality and effective radiation dose (ED). Results:The noise of aortic root in the two groups were (27±4), (26±5) HU, respectively, with no statistical difference ( t=1.017, P=0.284). All ICC values were more than 0.5 indicating good correlation batween 2 raters. The objective image quality score was no significant differences( P>0.05). The subjective image quality scores of the two groups were 1.15±0.10 and 1.18±0.12, respectively, with no statistical difference (Z=-0.231, P=0.818). The ED value (2.2±0.6) mSv of experimental group was statistically lower than that of control group (4.6±1.8) mSv ( t=-13.107, P<0.001); the contrast dosage (35±7) ml of experimental group was statistically lower than that of control group(46±6)ml ( t=-8.699, P<0.001). Conclusions:The novel scanning protocol with auto-tube voltage based contrast agent setting is more convenient and practical with reduced radiation dose and contrast dose, while maintaining image quality.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 548-551, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868321

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the evolution of imaging findings on dynamic chest high resolution CT(HRCT) in patients with mild COVID-19.Methods:The data of epidemiology, clinical data and continuous dynamic chest high-resolution CT images of the patients with mild COVID-19 were analyzed retrospectively. Twenty-five patients (including 24 common type and 1 mild) were enrolled in the group, including 14 males and 11 females, with age of (42±12) years and hospital stay of (19±5) days. The basic images and dynamic images of HRCT were analyzed and compared by the radiologists.Results:The clinical manifestations were fever (22 cases), cough (18 cases), expectoration (8 cases), pharyngeal pain (6 cases). Most laboratory tests lacked specificity. There were no significant abnormalities on chest CT of one mild patient. HRCT findings of the common type were as follows: (1) the distribution of the lesions: most of the multiple lesions involved both lungs (19 cases), with average of 3 (3±1) lobes, located in the peripheral pulmonary zone near the pleura (22 cases); (2) the morphology and density of the lesions: most of the lesions were ground glass density foci (22 cases), which were patchy and massive (18 cases), nodular (10 cases) and arc broadband (7 cases); with the development of the disease, the density of some lesions increased with localized pulmonary consolidation (10 cases), accompanied by air bronchus sign (5 cases) and halo sign (5 cases). Dynamic changes of HRCT images in the chest: the positive manifestations were found on the 5th (5, 6) day after the onset of the disease, the progressive time of CT lesions was 5 (5, 7) days, the peak time of CT lesions was 11 (10, 13) days, and the turning time of CT lesions was 9 (8, 11) days.Conclusions:Dynamic chest HRCT can monitor the basic evolution process of the disease in patients with mild COVID-19, and provide a more intuitive basis for clinical early diagnosis and treatment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 129-135, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the quantitative features of coronary plaque and evaluate its diagnostic performance for myocardial ischemic injury in patient with coronary artery disease.Methods:Retrospectively enrolled 109 patients with suspected coronary artery disease, who successively underwent coronary CT angiography(CCTA) and coronary angiography in Shandong Provincial Hospital from June 2018 to September 2019. Elevated myocardial enzyme with segmental wall motion abnormalities (SWMA) in ultrasound was defined as myocardial ischemic injury, with which the subjects were divided into two groups, with and without myocardial ischemic injury ( n=75,34) respectively. CCTA images of each target vessel were quantitatively analyzed by automated plaque analysis software to obtain the following indexes: minimal lumen area(MLA), plaque length(PL), total plaque volume(TPV), total plaque burden(TPB),calcified plaque volume(CPV), calcified plaque ratio(CPR), fibrous plaque volume(FPV), fibrous plaque ratio(FPR), lipid plaque volume(LPV), lipid plaque ratio(LPR), napkin-ring sign(NRS), spotty calcification(SC), remodeling index (RI) and eccentric index (EI). Chi-square, Mann-Whitney U tests, logistic regression and area under the receiver operating characteristics were determined. Results:For the degree of coronary artery stenosis, MAS% was 85.00% (80.00%, 92.00%) and 63.00% (60.00%, 65.00%) in myocardial ischemic group and without myocardial ischemic injury group, which was statistically significant ( Z=-4.32, P=0.001). For the quantitative plaque features, TPV 150.13 (104.44,202.20) mm 3, TPB (75.67%±9.90%), FPV 95.73 (66.57, 134.23)mm 3, LPV 32.18 (18.93,54.55) mm 3, LPR (25.13%±13.71%) in the group with myocardial ischemic injury were larger than those in group without myocardial ischemic injury 109.94 (79.39, 121.67) mm 3, 65.37%±6.94%, 67.35 (57.67, 90.11) mm 3, 16.64 (13.26, 24.73) mm 3, 18.44%±7.09% respectively with statistically significant ( Z=-2.59, P=0.010; t=3.11, P=0.003; Z=-2.16, P=0.031; Z=-2.18, P=0.029; t=2.19, P=0.037). In logistic regression analysis, MAS%(OR =1.55, P=0.021) was independent significant predictors of myocardial ischemic injury. The AUC of MAS%, LPV, LPR, TPV, TPB, FPV were 0.84, 0.82, 0.77, 0.72, 0.74, 0.67, respectively, which were all statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:In quantitative plaque analysis by coronary CT angiography, MAS%, TPV, TPB, FPV, LPV, LPR were affecting factors of myocardial ischemic injury, in which MAS% was independent predictors. MAS% and LPV have higher diagnostic accuracy in myocardial ischemic injury.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 129-135, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799430

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the quantitative features of coronary plaque and evaluate its diagnostic performance for myocardial ischemic injury in patient with coronary artery disease.@*Methods@#Retrospectively enrolled 109 patients with suspected coronary artery disease, who successively underwent coronary CT angiography(CCTA) and coronary angiography in Shandong Provincial Hospital from June 2018 to September 2019. Elevated myocardial enzyme with segmental wall motion abnormalities (SWMA) in ultrasound was defined as myocardial ischemic injury, with which the subjects were divided into two groups, with and without myocardial ischemic injury (n=75,34) respectively. CCTA images of each target vessel were quantitatively analyzed by automated plaque analysis software to obtain the following indexes: minimal lumen area(MLA), plaque length(PL), total plaque volume(TPV), total plaque burden(TPB),calcified plaque volume(CPV), calcified plaque ratio(CPR), fibrous plaque volume(FPV), fibrous plaque ratio(FPR), lipid plaque volume(LPV), lipid plaque ratio(LPR), napkin-ring sign(NRS), spotty calcification(SC), remodeling index (RI) and eccentric index (EI). Chi-square, Mann-Whitney U tests, logistic regression and area under the receiver operating characteristics were determined.@*Results@#For the degree of coronary artery stenosis, MAS% was 85.00% (80.00%, 92.00%) and 63.00% (60.00%, 65.00%) in myocardial ischemic group and without myocardial ischemic injury group, which was statistically significant (Z=-4.32, P=0.001). For the quantitative plaque features, TPV 150.13 (104.44,202.20) mm3, TPB (75.67%±9.90%), FPV 95.73 (66.57, 134.23)mm3, LPV 32.18 (18.93,54.55) mm3, LPR (25.13%±13.71%) in the group with myocardial ischemic injury were larger than those in group without myocardial ischemic injury 109.94 (79.39, 121.67) mm3, 65.37%±6.94%, 67.35 (57.67, 90.11) mm3, 16.64 (13.26, 24.73) mm3, 18.44%±7.09% respectively with statistically significant (Z=-2.59, P=0.010; t=3.11, P=0.003; Z=-2.16, P=0.031; Z=-2.18, P=0.029; t=2.19, P=0.037). In logistic regression analysis, MAS%(OR=1.55,P=0.021) was independent significant predictors of myocardial ischemic injury. The AUC of MAS%, LPV, LPR, TPV, TPB, FPV were 0.84, 0.82, 0.77, 0.72, 0.74, 0.67, respectively, which were all statistically significant (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#In quantitative plaque analysis by coronary CT angiography, MAS%, TPV, TPB, FPV, LPV, LPR were affecting factors of myocardial ischemic injury, in which MAS% was independent predictors. MAS% and LPV have higher diagnostic accuracy in myocardial ischemic injury.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866024

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of web-based problem-based learning software on the Clinical Medicine PBL Comprehensive Course. Methods:Thirty-eight students from the pilot class of undergraduate excellent doctors in clinical medicine were selected as the research objects. Based on the test scores of web-based problem-based learning software before the start of the course, the improvement of scores after passing the training of the Clinical Medicine PBL Comprehensive Course were compared, and the students' clinical thinking were quantitatively evaluated. Results:After all students completed the course, their abilities of expression and communication, teamwork and cooperation, problem analysis and clinical reasoning, and knowledge information management of the students increased steadily with the increase in the number of cases, but it was statistically significant after two PBL case trainings ( P<0.05). Learning intentions and attitudes scored the highest in the second PBL case (acute myocardial infarction), with statistical differences ( P<0.05). After training through the PBL course, diagnostic performance, clinical thinking, treatment scores, and overall performance scores of the students were significantly increased than before, with statistical significance ( P<0.05). The scores of case report writing and knowledge acquisition were not obviously improved. Conclusion:The combination of formative evaluation and web-based problem-based learning software can better evaluate the teaching effect and help students to understand their own shortcomings.

7.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 209-214, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844185

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupuncture (Acupunct) on cerebral infarction volume and expression of poly ADP ribose polymerase 1 (PARP1), apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) and endonuclease G (Endo-G) in the cerebral cortex tissue at different time-points after cerebral ischemia (CI) in acute cerebral infarction rats, so as to explore its underlying mechanisms in prolonging time window of thrombolysis. METHODS: Forty-eight SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation, model, intravenous thrombolysis (IVT)-4.5 h, IVT-6 h, IVT-9 h, Acupunct+IVT-4.5 h, Acupunct +IVT-6 h, Acupunct+IVT-9 h groups (n=6 in each group). The CI model was established by using modified autologous thromboembolism via the right common carotid artery. Two hours after modeling, rats of the Acupunct groups received Acupunct stimulation of "Shuigou" (GV26) and bilateral "Neiguan" (PC6) for 30 min. Thrombolysis was conducted by injection of recombinant human tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA, 10 mg/kg) via caudal vein. The neurological deficit was assessed with reference to Bederson's methods. 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining was used to assess the cerebral infarction volume, and the expression of cerebral PARP1, AIF and Endo-G proteins detected by Western blot. RESULTS: Compared with the sham operation group, the neurological score and percentage of cerebral infarction volume, expression levels of PARP1, AIF and Endo-G proteins were significantly increased in the model group (P0.05). The levels of neurological score, percentage of cerebral infarction volume, and AIF expression were significantly lower in both the Acupunct+IVT 4.5 h and Acupunct+IVT-6 h groups than in the simple IVT-4.5 h and simple IVT-6 h groups, respectively (P<0.05), and the expression levels of PARP1 and Endo-G proteins were obviously lower in the Acupunct+IVT-4.5 h group than in the IVT-4.5 h group (P<0.05). Endo-G proteins were obviously lower in the Acupunct+IVT-9 h group than in the IVT-9 h group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture may improve neurological function, reduce cerebral infarction volume and prolong the time window of thrombolysis in CI rats, which may be associated with its effect in suppressing AIF/PARP1/ Endo-G signaling.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872905

ABSTRACT

Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a group of syndromes caused by the disorder of metabolism of various substances in the body. The main clinical manifestations are dyslipidemia, central obesity, hypertension, abnormal glucose tolerance and insulin resistance. With the changes of diet structure and habits, the incidence rate of MS is increasing, and the patients are younger. It is an important factor in many diseases, such as diabetes, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, hyperlipidemia, cirrhosis and some cancers. MS has seriously affected people's lives and health. Central obesity and insulin resistance are recognized as important pathogenic factors. At present, the pathogenesis of MS and its components has not been fully understood. The clinical manifestations of metabolic syndrome are complex and diverse. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) believes that the occurrence of metabolic syndrome is related to such factors as proper diet, emotional disorders, excessive escape and little movement, old age and physical deficiency. TCM scholars have studied the pathogenesis of MS in such pathological factors as phlegm and blood stasis, such visceral functions as liver, spleen and kidney, roles of Qi and blood, and emotional factors. As the basic substance of organism, Qi is closely related to the process of metabolism. The occurrence of MS is closely related to the rise and fall of Qi moving to and from the body as well as the abnormal gasification function of the transformation of Qi. Qi is derived from the five internal organs, which are respectively called Heart Qi, liver Qi, spleen Qi, lung Qi and kidney Qi. The "Qi of the five internal organs" is involved in the whole process of the generation, transportation and excretion of the essence of the body. Based on the "Qi of five internal organs", this paper discusses the pathogenesis of MS with phlegm, blood stasis and water drink as pathological factors.

9.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 450-455, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810694

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the preventive effect of resin infiltration and adhesive on early erosive enamel wear.@*Methods@#Orthodontic reduction premolars collected from Central Laboratory of Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University were used to prepare 70 specimens. Forty samples were divided into eight groups (n=5) and treated with different conditions (pH=1.6, 2.4, 3.2 or 4.0 hydrochloric acid solution, etching time was 30 or 60 s), and the conditions for obtaining early erosive enamel samples were selected. Based on this procedure, thirty early erosive enamel samples were made and divided into three groups: control group, resin infiltration group, and adhesive group. And the treatment of 30 days acid abrasion cycle was carried out. Confocal microscopy was used to measure the thickness changes of enamel or material before and after cycle.@*Results@#Early erosive enamel samples was obtained when pH was 4.0 and etching time was 60 s. After 30 days cycle, the wear of enamel was (29.71±6.72) μm in control group, (5.60±2.24) μm in resin infiltration group and (2.89±1.03) μm in adhesive group. In infiltration group and adhesive group, lower enamel was not affected by the cycle, and the material loss ratios of the infiltration resin group and adhesive group were 0.41±0.14 and 0.29±0.13, respectively. The ratio of material loss was not significantly different (P>0.05). But infiltration group lost (12.95±2.22) μm of enamel during the application of the material.@*Conclusions@#Resin infiltration and adhesive have the same short-term protective effect against early erosive enamel wear. Adhesive has less damage to enamel and better effect.

10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 230-234, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818218

ABSTRACT

Objective Dendritic cells (DCs), helper T cells 17 (Th17) and regulatory T cells (Treg) are closely related to the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study aimed to investigate the changes of Th17- and Treg-related cytokines in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of COPD mice after DC-based adoptive immunotherapy with over-expressed suppressor of cytokine signaling protein 1 (SOCS1) and provide some new ideas for the treatment of COPD. Methods A total of 48 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 5 groups: healthy control, COPD model control, immature DC (imDC), DC-SOCS1 1×106, and DC-SOCS1 2×106. The healthy controls were exposed to air and fed normally, the COPD model controls injected with normal saline at 0.5 mL/ on the first day of modeling by fumigation, the mice of the imDC group injected via the tail vein with 1 ×106 imDCs, and those of the DC-SOCS1 groups injected with 1 ×106 or 2 ×106 DCs with over expressed SOCS1, all via the tail vein on the 1st and 7th day of modeling. Then the lung tissues were collected from the mice for preparation of paraffin sections and HE staining, and ELISA was employed for determination of the levels of Th17-related IL-17 and IL-23 and Treg-related IL-10 and TGF-β in the BALF of the model mice. Results Compared with the COPD model controls, the mice in the imDC, DC-SOCS1 1×106 and DC-SOCS1 2×106 groups showed significantly decreased levels of IL-17 on the 1st day ([78.87 ± 1.08] vs [46.46 ± 0.77], [34.09 ± 3.98] and [24.12 ± 0.57] pg/mL, P < 0.05) and 7th day after modeling ([78.87 ± 1.08] vs [55.69 ±0.35], [35.65 ± 0.54] and [27.00 ± 0.58] pg/mL, P < 0.05), and IL-23 on the 1st day ([200.62 ± 0.65] vs [150.19 ± 0.53], [121.09 ± 0. 53] and [70.21 ± 0.91] pg/mL, P < 0.05) and 7th day ([200.62 ± 0.65] vs [167.70 ± 1.73], [136.34 ± 0.90] and [99.35 ± 1.83] pg/mL, P < 0.05), but remarkably increased levels of IL-10 on the 1st day ([39.46 ± 3.88] vs [50.74 ± 1.77], [58.71 ± 3.84] and [70.12 ± 2.62] pg/mL, P < 0.05) and 7th day ([39.46 ± 3.88] vs [44.56 ± 2.63], [54.78 ± 1.43] and [63.00 ± 2.57] pg/mL, P < 0.05), TGF-β on the 1st day ([24.98 ± 0.43] vs [36.46 ± 0.98], [42.40 ± 0.62] and [50.55 ± 0.53] pg/mL, P < 0.05) and 7th day ([24.98 ± 0.43] vs [33.27 ± 0.92], [40.12 ± 0.83] and [44.98 ± 0.52] pg/mL, P < 0.05). The contents of IL-17 and IL-23 were markedly lower while those of IL-10 and TGF-β higher in the DC-SOCS1 1×106 than in the imDC group (P < 0.05), and the levels of the former two significantly higher and those of the latter two lower in the DC-SOCS1 2×106 than in the DC-SOCS1 1×106 group (P < 0.05). Conclusion Transfusion of DCs with over-expressed SOCS1 can inhibit the secretion of Th17-related cytokines in COPD, and the effect is better than that of imDCs alone and related to the concentration and time.

11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 144-149, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816845

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the clinical characteristics of simple testicular yolk sac tumor (YST) in children with those in adults so as to improve the diagnosis and treatment of the malignance.@*METHODS@#This study included 75 cases of simple testicular YST pathologically confirmed between May 2008 and July 2018, which were divided into groups A (aged <18 years, n = 64) and B (aged ≥18 years, n = 11). We analyzed the clinical data on all the cases and compared the clinical manifestations, laboratory results, pathological findings, clinical stages, treatment methods and prognostic outcomes between the two groups of patients.@*RESULTS@#The patients of group A ranged in age from 6 months to 5 years ([1.38 ± 0.89] yr), with the tumor diameter of 0.9-6.0 (2.48 ± 1.12) cm, while those of group B from 25 to 49 years (median 34 years), with the tumor diameter of 3.5-6.3 (5.16 ± 1.32) cm, most presenting with a painless scrotal mass, 4 (6.2%) in group A and 5 (45.5%) in group B with testis pain. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups in the tumor diameter and initial manifestations (P < 0.05). All the patients were treated by radical high-level spermatectomy and orchiectomy and, in addition, 1 in group A and 3 in group B by retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND), 24 in the former and 5 in the latter group followed by chemotherapy. Elevated levels of serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) were observed in all the cases. Sixty-five of the patients were followed up for 10-78 (52.00 ± 23.78) months, during which 2 cases of simple metastasis, 3 cases of simple relapse, 3 cases of relapse with metastasis and 5 cases of death were found in group A, and 5 cases of simple metastasis, 1 case of simple relapse, 1 case of relapse with metastasis and 4 cases of death in group B.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are significant differences in the clinical manifestation, biological behavior, treatment and prognosis of testicular YST between children and adults. In children, most of the testicular YST cases are at clinical stage I and preferably treated by radical high-level spermatectomy and orchiectomy with favorable prognosis. In adults, however, the tumor is highly malignant, with high incidences of recurrence and metastasis and poor prognosis, for the treatment of which the first choice is radical high-level spermatectomy and orchiectomy combined with RPLND and chemotherapy.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2055-2062, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773926

ABSTRACT

Background@#The pathogenicity of cleft lip (CL) is pretty complicated since it is influenced by the interaction of environment and genetic factors. The purpose of this study was to conduct a genome-wide screening of aberrant methylation loci in partial lesion tissues of patients with nonsyndromic CL (NSCL) and preliminarily validate candidate dysmethylated genes associated with NSCL.@*Methods@#Fifteen healthy and sixteen NSCL fetal lip tissue samples were collected. The Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip was used to screen aberrant methylation loci in three NSCL and three healthy lip tissues. The differential methylation sites and functions of the annotated genes between NSCL and healthy lip tissues were analyzed using minfi package of R software, cluster analysis, Gene Ontology (GO) annotation, and metabolic pathway annotation. Gene expression was assessed in nine differentially methylated genes by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The transcriptions mRNA levels of three out of nine candidate genes were downregulated remarkably in NSCL lip tissues, and these three genes' abnormal methylation loci were validated by pyrosequencing in 16 NSCL cases and 15 healthy cases.@*Results@#In total, 4879 sites in the genes of NSCL odinopoeia fetuses showed aberrant methylation when compared with normal lip tissue genome. Among these, 3661 sites were hypermethylated and 1218 sites were hypomethylated as compared to methylation levels in healthy specimens. These aberrant methylation sites involved 2849 genes and were widely distributed among the chromosomes. Most differentially methylated sites were located in cytosine-phosphoric acid-guanine islands. Based on GO analysis, aberrantly methylated genes were involved in 11 cellular components, 13 molecular functions, and a variety of biological processes. Notably, the transcription of DAB1, REELIN, and FYN was significantly downregulated in lesion tissues of NSCL fetus (P < 0.05). Pyrosequencing results validated that there were two loci in DAB1 with high methylation status in patient tissues (P < 0.05).@*Conclusions@#We detected numerous aberrantly methylated loci in lesion tissues of NSCL fetus. Aberrant gene expression in the REELIN signaling pathway might be related with NSCL. Decreased transcription of DAB1, a member of REELIN signal pathway, resulted from its abnormal high methylation, which might be one of the factors underlying the occurrence of NSCL.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Cell Adhesion Molecules, Neuronal , Genetics , Cleft Lip , Genetics , DNA Methylation , Extracellular Matrix Proteins , Genetics , Humans , Methylation , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Serine Endopeptidases , Genetics , Signal Transduction
13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 431-435, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707953

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the possibility of showing coronary bio-degradable stent(BDS) and luminal stenosis by using coronary computed tomography angiography(CCTA). Methods A total of 27 consecutive patients who had undergone CCTA follow-up for BDS implantation were enrolled from January to June of 2015. The duration between CCTA and coronary BDS implantation was 1 year. The patients' age were(54 ± 7)years in average. There were 18 male and 9 female patients. Of those patients, 18 BDS were implanted in left anterior descending coronary artery, and 9 in right coronary artery. Quantitative measurement of luminal stenosis, average areas of noncalcified and calcified plaque in proximal segment of stent (5 mm proximal to the stent), intra-stent, and distal segment of stent (5 mm distal to the stent) were performed and compared, using Kruskal Wallis as well as Mann-Whitney U tests. Results The mean length of BDS was (16.1 ± 4.4)mm. Coronary diameter stenosis (%) of the proximal segment, intra-stent and distal segment to BDS were 14.4%(11.5%, 23.1%), 23.4%(17.4%, 27.4%), and 16.4%(12.7%, 24.1%), respectively(H=10.17,P<0.05). The mean areas of noncalcified plaques were 6.6 (4.8, 8.4), 7.0 (5.4, 9.3) and 5.5 (4.1, 7.6) mm2, respectively in the segments of proximal, intra and distal to the BDS. The mean areas of calcified plaques were 0.5 (0, 1.5), 0.1 (0, 0.8) and 0.1 (0, 0.2) mm2, respectively, whereas no significant differences were found (P>0.05). Conclusion CCTA could be used to assess coronary bio-degradable stent and luminal stenosis without affection of mental artifact. Intra-stent restenosis was more frequently observed than proximal and distal segments of the BDS.calcified plaques were 0.5 (0, 1.5), 0.1 (0, 0.8) and 0.1 (0, 0.2) mm2, respectively, whereas no significant differences were found (P>0.05). Conclusion CCTA could be used to assess coronary bio-degradable stent and luminal stenosis without affection of mental artifact. Intra-stent restenosis was more frequently observed than proximal and distal segments of the BDS.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705240

ABSTRACT

The 2017 China (Lianyungang) International Medical Technology Conference was held in Lianyungang,Jiangsu Province during November 15-17,2017.During this conference,the Division for Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products Pharmacology of Chinese Pharmacological Society (CNPHARS) and Jiangsu Kanion Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd.jointly held the Forum on R&D and Interna-tionalization of New Drugs and Health Products of Traditional Chinese Medicine.The forum was co-chaired by Professor ZHANG Yong-xiang, President of CNPHARS, Chair of Division for Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products Pharmacology of CNPHARS,and Chair of the Natural Product Section of Inter-national Union of Basic&Clinical Pharmacology(IUPHAR), Professor DU Guan-hua,former President of CNPHARS and Vice-Chair of Division for Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products Pharmacology of CNPHARS,and Dr.XIAO Wei,Chairman of the Board of Jiangsu Kanion Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. And Vice-Chair of Division for Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products Pharmacology of CNPHARS. More than 70 scholars attended the forum, including four foreign experts [Michael SPEDDING, Secretary-General of IUPHAR; Professor Valérie B. SCHINI-KERTH, Vice-Chair of the Natural Product Section of IUPHAR; Professor Cherry WAINWRGHT, Director of Centre for Natural Product Drugs of Robert Gordon University; Professor InKyeom KIM, Director of the Korean Society of Pharmacology], members of the Division for Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products Pharmacology of CNPHARS and leading researchers at Jiangsu Kanion Pharmaceutical Co.,Ltd.GU Jin-hui,Director of the Division of National Science and Technology Major Project for Drug Innovation,Department of Health Science,Technology and Education,National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China was also invited to attend the forum. Representatives discussed the R&D and internationalization of new drugs and health products of traditional Chinese medicine.The summary of views and advice of some experts was published here for the purpose of promoting domestic and overseas academic exchange, and playing an active role in improving the level of R&D and internationalization of new drugs and health products of traditional Chinese medicine in China.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 572-574, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695250

ABSTRACT

·AIM: To retrospectively analyze the prevalence of retinopathy of prematurity(ROP) in 3471 neonates in Suzhou Municipal Hospital. ·METHODS: A total of 3471 children (1947 males, 1524 females) were screened for ROP in Suzhou Municipal Hospital from January 2010 to September 2016 using binocular ophthalmoscope or ( and) RetCamⅡ. First examination was performed from 4-6wk after birth. The ocular findings were recorded according to the International Classification of ROP and The Early Treatment for ROP. Only the more aggressive eye of bilateral asymmetrical cases was counted for statistical purpose. Children with ROP in both binocular or single eye were counted in 1 case, and the cases required surgeries were defined as severe cases. The prevalence of ROP and severe ROP in recent 6a were analyzed retrospectively. ·RESULTS: The overall relevance ratio of ROP and severe ROP was 17.03% and 1.15%. The relevance ratio of ROP and severe ROP of the males were 16.38% and 1.08%,and of the females were 17.85% and 1.25%, the results were not statistically different (x2= 1. 296, P =0.255). The relevance ratio of ROP and severe ROP of the single birth infants were 17.61% and 1.13%, and of the multiple birth infants were 15.13% and 1.23%,the results were not statistically different (x2=2.706, P=0.100). The children were divided into 5 groups according to the birth weight. The relevance ratio of ROP with birth weight<1000g,1000-1499g,1500-1999g,2000-2499g and ≥2500g were 75. 00%, 36. 17%, 10. 75%, 6. 86% and 3. 77%respectively with significant differences (There were significant differences between the three groups which the birth weight <2000g, P<0.005). The relevance ratio of severe ROP were 36.54%, 1.68%, 0.31%, 0.19% and 0 respectively in these birth weight groups (There were significant differences between the three groups which the birth weight <2000g,P<0.005). The children were divided into 4 groups according to gestational weeks, the relevance ratio of severe ROP of gestational age<28wk,28-31wk, 32-36wk and ≥37wk were 69. 12%, 29. 91%, 8.28% and 3.33% respectively with significant differences (There were significant differences between the three groups which the gestational age <37wk, P<0.005). The relevance ratio of severe ROP were 25%, 1.52%, 0.24% and 0 in these gestational age groups respectively (There were significant differences between the three groups which the gestational age <37wk,P<0.005). · CONCLUSION: The detection rate of ROP in 3471 premature infants was 17. 03%, the severe ROP was 1.15%. There was no evidence that sex and birth were related to ROP, but lower birth weight and smaller gestational age increased the detection rate of ROP.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 163-165, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695149

ABSTRACT

AIM:To analyze the association of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).METHODS:A retrospective analysis of a case series included in ROP screening from January 2011to December 2015 was performed in Suzhou Municipal Hospital.Totally 2527 children (5054 eyes) underwent screening.According to the gestational age,the data was divided into 4 groups (≤32wk,>32 and ≤34wk,>34 and ≤37wk,>37wk).Every group was divided into two groups (IUGR group and no IUGR group) respectively.We compared the incidence of ROP in IUGR and non IUGR group.RESULTS:Of all the 2527 children,IUGR group were 702 including 78 ROP children,and non IUGR group were 1825 including 329 ROP children.There were 991 children were divided into ≤ 32wk group,including 63 IUGR in which 27 children were screened out ROP(42.9%) and 928 non IUGR in which 274 children were screened out ROP (29.5%),the difference on the incidence of ROP was statistically significant (X2 =4.958,P=0.026).There were 1025 children were divided into > 32 and ≤ 34wk group,including 232 IUGR in which 33 children were screened out ROP(14.2%) and 793 non IUGR in which 51 children were screened out ROP (6.4%) and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =14.488,P<0.001).There were 464 children were divided into > 34 and ≤ 37wk group,including 374 IUGR in which 18 children were screened out ROP(4.8%) and 90 non IUGR in which 4 children were screened out ROP (4.4%) and the difference was not statistically significant (Fischer exact test,P=1).There were 47 children were divided into >37wk group,including 33 IUGR and 14 non IUGR,none were screened out in the two groups.CONCLUSION:Intrauterine growth retardation was closely related to the incidence of ROP.In the preterm infants with gestational age less than 34wk,the incidence of ROP in children with intrauterine growth retardation is significantly higher than that in children without intrauterine growth retardation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852206

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare chemical composition in the different parts (leaf, branch, and fruit) of Rhodomyrtus tomentosa, and to study the chemical constituents from fruits of R. tomentosa. Methods High performance liquid chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-TOF-MS) method was executed to analyze the samples. Principle component analysis (PCA) and partial minimum variance discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) in MassLynx XS software were used to analyze the obtained data. The chemical constituents of fruits were isolated and purified by column chromatography, including silica gel, Sephedex LH-20 and re-HPLC, and the structures were elucidated based on their NMR and MS data. Results The PCA results indicated that the constituents existed in leaf were significantly different from those in branch and fruit, while constituents in branch and fruit were similar. Furthermore, based on OPLS-DA, combined with chromatographic retention regulation, accurate molecular mass, isotopic matching and literature searching, four marker compounds from leaves had been found and identified as myricitrin (1), myricitrin-3-O-L-furanoarabinoside (2), iridin (3), and 3,3’-didemethyl-9-oxo-pinoresinol (4). Besides, five compounds were isolated from fruits and identified as maslinic acid (5), ethyl gallate (6), gallic acid (7), resveratrol (8), and piceatannol (9). Conclusion This research provides an effective strategy for analyzing chemical difference from different parts of R. tomentosa, which can be applied to study the chemical difference from different parts of other species.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2557-2562, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248946

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Accurate evaluation of the plain radiography of lower limb is critical for preoperative planning of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We aimed to investigate the effect of femoral lateral bowing and rotation on the radiographic measurements of distal femoral condyle resection thickness (DRT) and the distal femoral resection valgus angle (FVA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We analyzed 246 three-dimensional femoral models generated from computed tomography images of 123 patients, acquiring projected contours in seven positions - 20° and 10° internal rotation; 0° rotation; 10°, 20°, 30°, and 40° external rotation - for each model. Medial and lateral condyle DRTs, femoral shaft lateral bowing angle (FBA), and distal FVA were determined for each position. Linear mixed effect model was used to determine the effect of degree of femur rotation on repeated measurements of DRT or FVA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>FBA significantly affected the FVA and DRT (Pearson's R = 0.767 and -0.408, respectively; P < 0.000). Samples were divided into three groups according to the FBA measured in neutral position: FBA <0°: DRT 3.75 ± 1.30 mm, FVA 4.53° ± 1.27°; FBA >0° but <3°: DRT 3.39 ± 1.31 mm, FVA 5.92° ± 1.31°; FBA >3°: DRT 2.22 ± 1.31 mm, FVA 7.37° ± 1.31°. From simulated 20° internal rotation to 40° external rotation in each femoral model, the average variation ranges of radiographically measured DRT, FVA, and FBA were 0.50 ± 0.28 mm, 2.93° ± 0.96°, and 10.33° ± 1.90°, respectively, with no significant differences among the FBA groups. The degree of femoral rotation significantly affected the FVA (F = 62.148, P < 0.000), whereas there was no effect on condyle resection thickness (F = 0.4705, P = 0.494).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Axial femoral rotation has less effect on radiographic measurements of differences in the DRT than on those of the distal FVA.</p>

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296523

ABSTRACT

2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP), an organic compound which frequently used in industry, is considered to have high toxicity. This study aimed to investigate the early changes of lymphocyte subpopulations in patients with occupational 2,4-DNP poisoning. Totally 9 patients with acute occupational 2,4-DNP poisoning and 30 healthy volunteers as control were enrolled. The patients received immediately comprehensive supportive treatments, including large-dose glucocorticoid and repeated hemoperfusion (HP). The ratio of CD4+/CD8+ T cells were significantly higher in patients upon admission compared to healthy controls (P < 0.01); however, counts of total lymphocytes, CD3+, CD3+CD4+, CD3+CD8+, B (CD19+), and natural killer (NK) cells (CD16+CD56+) were significantly reduced (all P < 0.001). The NK cell count was negatively correlated with initial plasma 2,4-DNP concentration (r = -0.750, P = 0.026). Thus, acute occupational 2,4-DNP poisoning was accompanied by immediate complex immune cell reactions, especially NK cells might play important role in severe 2,4-DNP poisoning.


Subject(s)
2,4-Dinitrophenol , Poisoning , Toxicity , Adult , China , Coloring Agents , Poisoning , Toxicity , Female , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphocyte Subsets , Male , Middle Aged , Occupational Diseases , T-Lymphocytes
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331077

ABSTRACT

The long- and short-term outcomes in 21 patients with right colon cancer after right hemicolectomy and multivisceral resection surgery were investigated. Short-term therapeutic effects and long-term survival rate were retrospectively analyzed in patients with right colon cancer. These individuals underwent right hemicolectomy in combination with multivisceral resections including pancreatic head, duodenum, kidney, liver, gallbladder, and abdominal wall at the Department of General Surgery in the Henan Tumor Hospital between January 2003 and August 2014. The patients had an average age of 58.9 years (range: 39-78). Three patients had metastatic invasion only to the duodenum; meanwhile 18 patients had invasion to the duodenum and other adjacent organs. The median survival time was 41 months (95% CI: 6.972-75.028) with one death in the perioperative period. No patients lost follow-up. One-, 3-, and 5-year survival rate was 75%, 56%, and 43%, respectively. It was concluded that indications for surgery should be tightly controlled. Favorable clinical outcomes of right hemicolectomy and multivisceral resection surgery were demonstrated for patients with right colon cancer at the T4 stage.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Colonic Neoplasms , General Surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
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