Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 159
Filter
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 257-265, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872621

ABSTRACT

We used metabolomics technology to identify and understand the biomarkers and therapeutic mechanisms of umbilical compress therapy based on Xiaozhang Tie (XT) to provide scientific evidence for its clinical application. A total of 10 patients with cirrhotic ascites and gastrointestinal motility disorders who were hospitalized in the Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from November 2017 to June 2018 were divided into a placebo group (4 cases) or an XT group (5 cases), and 10 healthy volunteers were included as controls. This clinical trial was approved according to the Ethics Committee of Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (2017-528-11-01). The patients in the XT group were given umbilical compress therapy with Xiaozhang Tie, and patients in the placebo group were administered a plaster patch in which the drug content was less than 5%, receiving one patch per day for three consecutive days. Non-targeted metabolomics technology and UPLC-Q/Orbitrap-MS/MS analysis technology were utilized to investigate the fluctuations in endogenous metabolic profiles in the patient's urine prior to and after administration of XT. By analyzing and comparing the urine metabolic profiles of patients with cirrhotic ascites to those of healthy volunteers, a total of 31 biomarkers were identified, 14 of which were significantly decreased by the intervention with Xiaozhang Tie (P <0.05). Pathway enrichment analysis revealed that phenylalanine metabolism and tryptophan metabolism are key pathways affected by XT treatment. The results suggest that XT can alleviate cirrhotic ascites by modulating abnormalities in amino acid metabolism.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910837

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of quantitative fecal immunochemical test (fecal immunochemical test, FIT) in the screening of colorectal cancer and precancerous lesions.Methods:47 243 patients who underwent quantitative FIT screening for colorectal cancer in the Health Management Department of Shenzhen People′s Hospital from January 2019 to October 2020 were enrolled as subjects. Colonoscopy was recommended for patients with positive quantitative FIT. A follow-up was done after one year to compare the results of the quantitative FIT positive group and the negative group after colonoscopy. Data were adjusted by propensity score matching method and a receiver operating characteristic curve ( ROC) was established to evaluate the diagnostic effect of quantitative FIT combined with colonoscopy on colorectal cancer and precancerous lesions. Results:A hemoglobin concentration>100 μg/L was set as a positive threshold. There were 2 472 positive cases of quantitative FIT, and the positive rate was 5.23%. After one-year follow-up, 284 patients had completed colonoscopy; the colonoscopy compliance was 11.49%. Of the negative population, 1 493 patients selected colonoscopy within one year. Compared with the results of gold standard colonoscopy, the sensitivity and specificity of quantitative FIT for screening for advanced adenoma and cancer were 26.53% and 86.54%, respectively. The sensitivity for colorectal cancer screening was 94.44% and screening for advanced adenoma was 22.77%. After propensity score matching, there were 256 FIT positive patients and 705 FIT negative patients. Colorectal cancer was the outcome variable, while FIT combined with colonoscopy, age combined with colonoscopy, and FIT combined with age combined with colonoscopy were the diagnostic indicators. The areas under the curve were 0.841(95% CI:0.778-0.904), 0.677(95% CI: 0.535-0.820), and 0.882(95% CI:0.807-0.958), respectively. Conclusion:Quantitative FIT has a high susceptibility to opportunistic screening for colorectal cancer, and a low sensitivity to advanced adenoma. At the same time, quantitative FIT combined with colonoscopy has a good diagnostic accuracy for colorectal cancer, which is better than the effect of using age as a cut-off point for colonoscopy. Quantitative FIT combined with age and colonoscopy has the best effect on screening for colorectal cancer. Quantitative FIT has a high sensitivity to colorectal cancer and a low sensitivity to advanced adenoma.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906455

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects and mechanism of Gecko extract for treatment of depression in rats. Method:The depression rats were induced by intraperitoneal injection of reserpine (0.5 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>). The successfully modeled rats were randomly divided into model group, fluoxetine group (1.8 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), high dose and low dose groups of Gecko extract (12, 6 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>). The rats were given corresponding dose of drugs once a day for 10 days. After administration, the levels of neurotransmitters and inflammatory factors in serum and prefrontal cortex of rats were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The cell changes in hippocampal tissues were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The mRNA levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), nuclear factor-<italic>κ</italic>B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-<italic>α</italic>) in the hippocampus of rats were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The protein levels of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and NF-<italic>κ</italic>B in hippocampal tissues of rats were detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, Gecko extract significantly shortened the immobility time of tail suspension and swimming in mice. Compared with model group, Gecko extract significantly reduced blepharoptosis and retention time in circles for the rats (<italic>P</italic><0.05), increased the levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) in serum (<italic>P</italic><0.05), decreased the levels of Monoamine oxidase (MAO), IL-6, and TNF-<italic>α</italic> in serum (<italic>P</italic><0.05) and prefrontal cortex (<italic>P</italic><0.05), decreased the mRNA levels of inflammatory cytokines IL-6, NF-<italic>κ</italic>B and TNF-<italic>α</italic> and the protein expressions of TLR4 and NF-<italic>κ</italic>B in the hippocampus of rats (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01), and improved the pathological symptoms of the hippocampus. Conclusion:Gecko extract can significantly alleviate the pathological damage of depression and improve the symptoms of depression, and its mechanism may be due to inhibiting TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B signaling pathway and reducing the expression of NF-<italic>κ</italic>B, IL-6 and other inflammatory factors in the hippocampus of rats.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884821

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of remote lifestyle intervention on the management of weight and related indicators in the overweight and obese population.Methods:A total of 400 individuals with overweight or obesity who participated in remote lifestyle intervention in the Health Management Department of Shenzhen People′s Hospital from May 2015 to December 2018 were included as the remote intervention group, and 400 individuals with overweight and obesity who matched their age and gender were selected as the control group. Dietician established individual WeChat groups with the remote intervention group, and the WeChat platform was used to conduct remote lifestyle intervention for them, including setting weight control goals, giving timely feedback to the food log based on photos, providing exercise guidance and psychological support. The control group received personalized diet and exercise prescriptions, but did not receive remote intervention. After adjusting the data by propensity score matching method, univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the management effect of weight and related indicators in the two groups after one year.Results:After one year of intervention, effective data were obtained from a total of 755 cases (371 cases in the remote intervention group and 384 cases in the control group), and effective data were retained from 446 cases (223 cases in the remote intervention group and 223 cases in the control group) after bias matching. The body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, and serum uric acid of the remote intervention group [(24.85±2.52) kg/m 2, (110.21±10.53) mmHg, (4.96±0.65) mmol/L, (1.25±0.82) mmol/L, (4.87±1.11) mmol/L, (2.88±0.74) mmol/L, and (306.01±95.66) mmol/L respectively] were significantly lower than that of the control group [(27.76±2.28) kg/m 2, (121.14±14.07) mmHg, (5.10±0.87) mmol/L, (1.54±0.83) mmol/L, (5.28±0.96) mmol/L, (3.13±0.80) mmol/L, (355.16±92.68) mmol/L respectively] (all P<0.05). After intervention, intervention was consistently being influencing factors when BMI was reduced by 4%―12%, ( P<0.05). The probability of a 12% reduction in BMI in the remote intervention group was 112.486 times higher than that in the control group (95% CI: 16.852-890.266). At the same time, the initial BMI was an influential factor for the restoration of normal BMI. For every 1 kg/m 2 decrease in the initial BMI, the probability of restoration of normal BMI was 4.76 times higher than that before the decrease (95% CI: 3.222-5.057). Conclusions:Remote lifestyle intervention has a certain effect on the management of weight and related indicators in the overweight and obese populations. It has significant effect on weight loss of overweight and mildly obese people, but has limited effect on moderate and severe obese people.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873367

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) in 6 months after interventional therapy, and to analyze relevant influencing factors. Method:The clinical data of 1 000 patients with coronary heart disease in 6 months after interventional therapy, including the four diagnosis information of TCM, were collected, and the distribution of TCM syndromes and the influencing factors were analyzed. Result:Among 48 kinds of information about the four diagnostic methods of TCM, chest pain was the most frequent (98.10%), among 9 kinds of common TCM syndrome types, blood stasis was the most frequent (89.90%), and the others were heart-Qi deficiency syndrome, phlegm turbidity syndrome, cold-dampness syndrome, kidney-Qi deficiency syndrome, heart-Yin deficiency syndrome, kidney-Yin deficiency syndrome, Heart-Yang deficiency syndrome and kidney-Yang deficiency syndrome in turn. Among 6 common TCM syndrome types, Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome were the most frequent (35.40%), and the others were phlegm turbidity and blood stasis syndrome, cold congealing heart pulse syndrome, Qi-Yin deficiency syndrome, heart-kidney Yin deficiency syndrome and heart-kidney-Yang deficiency syndrome in turn. There was no significant difference in sex ratio among different syndrome types . Patients with heart-kidney Yang deficiency syndrome had no significant difference. Compared with the average age of other syndromes, there were significant differences. Common complications included hypertension, diabetes, cerebrovascular diseases and dyslipidemia, among which hypertension had the highest frequency, with significant differences from other diseases (P<0.05). Phlegm, turbidity and blood stasis were found in patients with hypertension. The risk of syndromes was higher (OR=3.29, 95% CI [2.11, 5.05]), while the risk of cold congealing heart pulse syndrome was lower (OR=0.56, 95% CI [0.32, 0.98]), the risk of Qi and Yin deficiency was higher (OR=2.88, 95% CI [2.01, 4.99]), whereas the risk of heart and kidney Yang deficiency was lower (OR=0.54, 95% CI [0.29, 0.95]) when complicated with cerebrovascular diseases. The risk of Qi deficiency and blood stasis was higher (OR=2.97, 95% CI [2.05, 5.28]), while the risk of heart and kidney Yang deficiency was lower (OR=0.54, 95% CI [0.29, 0.95]), the risk of phlegm turbidity and blood stasis was higher when complicated with dyslipidemia (OR=3.55, 95% CI [2.32, 5.29]), and the risk of heart and kidney Yang deficiency was lower (OR=0.54, 95% CI [0.29, 0.95]). The time distribution of the disease had obvious seasonal characteristics. Conclusion:The main distribution characteristics of TCM syndromes in 6 months after coronary heart disease intervention are basically the same as those in patients without intervention. The main TCM syndromes are Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, phlegm turbidity and blood stasis syndrome, cold congealing heart pulse syndrome, Qi-Yin deficiency syndrome, heart-kidney Yin deficiency syndrome and heart-kidney-Yang deficiency syndrome. The distribution pattern may be related to age, complications and seasons.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873313

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the distribution characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes of critical lesions of coronary heart disease, and determine the classification and diagnostic criteria of syndromes, so as to provide reference for the differentiation and treatment of this disease. Method::Totally 1 000 patients with critical lesions of coronary heart disease treated in the Department of Cardiology, Yunnan Provinceal Hospital of TCM from January 2016 to December 2018 were selected as the subjects by clinical epidemiological research methods. Basic information, diagnosis and treatment of the patients, as well as the information obtained through observation, hearing, inquiry and pulse-taking of TCM were collected. Symptoms, signs, tongue signs, pulse signs and other four diagnostic information, as well as relevant clinical data were collected for mathematical statistics analysis by cluster analysis and factor analysis research methods, and expert group opinions were also included in discussion. Result::First, the results of cluster analysis showed six types of basic TCM syndromes in accordance with the clinically actual critical lesions of coronary heart disease: blood stasis syndrome, phlegm turbidity syndrome, cold congealing heart pulse syndrome, Qi deficiency syndrome, heart-kidney Yin deficiency syndrome, Heart-Yang deficiency syndrome. Second, a factor analysis was carried out on the basis of cluster analysis, and the main syndromes of each basic syndromes were preliminarily determined. Third, because of the duplicate content or the unified combination of different syndromes, the TCM syndromes of the critical lesions of coronary heart disease can be summarized in five categories, namely phlegm turbidity and blood stasis syndrome (368 cases, 36.80%), cold congestion heart pulse syndrome (156 cases, 15.60%), Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome (315 cases, 31.50%), Yin deficiency of heart and kidney (91 cases, 9.10%) and Heart-Yang depression (70 cases, 7.00%). The main and secondary syndromes refer to factor analysis results of six basic syndromes. Conclusion::Cluster analysis and factor analysis can be made on TCM syndromes of critical lesions of coronary heart disease to pave the way for the classification of TCM syndromes and the establishment of diagnostic criteria of TCM syndromes of coronary heart disease, with an important clinical significance.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1225-1229, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867379

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features, pathology and prognosis of pulmonary nodules.Methods:The data of patients with pulmonary nodules diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) in the Affiliated Hospital of Yangzhou University from 2015 to 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. The pathological results of all the nodules that were resected by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) were obtained definitely. Moreover, the prognosis of pulmonary nodules was also investigated by analyzing their clinical features and pathology.Results:Of all 117 pulmonary nodules, the number of pure ground glass nodules (pGGN), mixed ground glass nodules (mGGN) and solid nodules was 37, 64, and 16, respectively. Nodules of different compositions are more common in women, and are mostly located in the upper lobe of the right lung. There were significant differences in the pathological types of nodules with different components. The pathological results of pGGNs were mainly adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) (51.4%, P<0.001), and mGGNs were also characterized by AIS (37.5%, P=0.001), while solid nodules were mainly invasive adenocarcinoma (IAC) and others ( P<0.001). Meanwhile, the diameter of solid nodules was significantly larger than that of mixed ground glass nodules and pure ground glass nodules [(17±8)mm, P<0.001], and the diameter of IAC in the mGGNs [(15±7)mm, P<0.001] and solid nodules [(22±8)mm, P=0.031] was significantly larger than other pathological types. In addition, the prevalence of complications after thoracoscopic surgery was 9.0% (10/111), and symptomatic treatment was effective after 1-3 months. Conclusions:The components and diameter of pulmonary nodules were closely related to lung adenocarcinoma. With the increase of solid components and diameter of nodules, it is possible to develop into IAC. Therefore, CT screening of pulmonary nodules is beneficial to the diagnosis and treatment for early lung cancer, and significant to the improvement of prognosis.

8.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 317-320, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862832

ABSTRACT

Leukemia is a common and harmful disease for humans. Chemotherapy is the main treatment method. During the decades of experience, the clinicians have found that these drugs work well, but obvious individual differences occur in different patients. Some concerns of the clinicians exist such as how to learn more about the factors that may induce drug resistance and adverse reactions, and how to improve the efficacy of chemotherapy drugs, reduce drug resistance and side effects. This paper reviews the effect of genetic factors of commonly-used chemotherapeutic drugs for acute leukemia, aiming to provide a theoretical foundation for personalized administration of these chemotherapeutic drugs.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843276

ABSTRACT

Stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles can regulate functions of targeting cells in lesions and have fewer risks in treating diseases. In central nervous injury lesions, stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles can promote neurogenesis and angiogenesis and regulate nervous inflammation, which promotes the recovery of the nerve injury. Stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles can ease Aβ protein-related neuron damage in Alzheimer's disease. Stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles also can deliver microRNA and chemotherapeutic agents to neuroglioma cells. This review introduces recent advances in using stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles in treating central nervous system diseases.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827773

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of mapping allele with resolved carrier status (MaReCs) technology for the determination of balanced translocation carrier status for embryos.@*METHODS@#Blastocysts produced by 25 reciprocal translocation carriers and 15 Robertsonian translocation carriers were detected by MaReCs. After genetic counseling, transplantable blastocysts were selected. Amniocentesis was performed to check fetal chromosomes at 16 to 20 gestational weeks, and the consistency of amniocentesis and MaReCs was determined.@*RESULTS@#No significant difference was found in the normal rate for chromosome copy number variations (CNVs) in blastocysts between reciprocal translocation carriers and Robertsonian translocation carriers (28.6% vs. 32.0%, P> 0.05). For 12 (48%) reciprocal translocation carriers and 8 (32%) Robertsonian translocation carriers, the status of translocation carrier of embryos was successfully determined. The results of amniocentesis were consistent with that of MaReCs in all 11 pregnancies.@*CONCLUSION@#MaReCs is a reliable method to distinguish the translocation carrier status of embryos of balanced translocation carriers. It can help a certain proportion of balanced translocation carriers to select completely normal embryos while reduce transfer of embryo carrying a balanced translocation.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1410-1413, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827103

ABSTRACT

Plasmablastic lymphoma(PBL) shows a low incidence and poor prognosis, moreover, there is no standard treatment regimen for PBL. The treatment effect and value of CHOP regimen and radiotherapy are limited. Some studies showed that intensive chemotherapy alone or its combination with proteasome inhibitors or immune regulator can improve the overall survival of patients with PBL, which can be used as the first-line therapy for PBL patients. CAR-T and immunocheckpoint inhibitors showed treatment effect for the patients with refractory and relapsed plasmablastic lymphoma. The clinical value of potential targets in treating tumour worth to be studied further.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plasmablastic Lymphoma
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817698

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】 The two databases,GEO(gene expression omnibus,GEO)and TCGA(the cancer genome alas ,TCGA),were analyzed using bioinformatics methods to screen differentially expressed genes associated and their related regulatory networks in prostate carcinoma. 【Methods】 The prostate carcinoma gene expression chip data (GSE46602 ,GSE55945) downloaded from the GEO database were integrated into the RNA- seq data of the TCGA database. And the differentially expressed genes analysis was performed using GEO2R and the edgeR package of R software to extract common significant differentially expressed genes. The clusterProfiler package of R software was used to enrich the GO(gene ontology ,GO)function enrichment analysis and KEGG(kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes, KEGG)pathway analysis. Differentially expressed genes were further constructed into a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network to screen out key genes for regulatory protein expression in prostate carcinoma. Gene analysis results were combined with TCGA clinical follow-up data to analyze the clinical prognostic value of key node genes. 【Results】A total of 278 significant differentially expressed genes were extracted,of which 178 genes were down- regulated and 100 genes were up-regulated. These genes were closely associated with the function and pathway enrichment such as the regulation of proliferation of epithelial cells,metabolism of benzene- containing compounds,the glutathione metabolism,and focal adhesion. The protein-protein interaction network analysis revealed three key protein expression modules and 12 key node genes. Among these key genes,EDN3(endothelin-3),EDNRB(endothelin receptor B)and AMACR(alpha-methylacyl- coa racemase)were closely related to the survival rate of prostate cancer patients. 【Conclusion】Through bioinformatics analysis of gene chip and RNA-seq data in prostate carcinoma,we found that EDN3,EDNRB and AMACR may play an important role in the occurrence and development of prostate carcinoma.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1807-1814, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774700

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) have a worse prognosis than younger patients, and the optimal treatment strategy for this group remains controversial. We conducted a retrospective analysis to investigate the clinical features and outcomes of elderly patients (>60 years) and to assess the impact of clinical and molecular factors on outcome in this age group.@*METHODS@#From April 2006 to December 2012, a total of 349 elderly patients with DLBCL from the National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and Peking Union Medical College were included in this analysis. Patients were further divided into two age groups (61-69 years and ≥70 years). We compared clinical characteristics and outcomes between groups.@*RESULTS@#Of 349 total patients, 204 (58.5%) were aged 61 to 69 years, and 145 (41.5%) patients were aged 70 years or older. Except for the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, clinical characteristics were comparable between the two groups. With a median follow-up of 82 (range, 1-129) months, the 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 51.9% and 45.8%, respectively. The 5-year OS rates for patients aged 61 to 69 years and those over 70 years were 58.3% and 42.8% (P = 0.007), respectively, and the 5-year PFS rates were 51.0% and 38.6% (P = 0.034). Treatment regimens including rituximab provided a higher 5-year OS rate (63.1% vs. 37.1%, P < 0.001) and PFS rate (56.6% vs. 31.8%, P < 0.001) than chemotherapy alone. For patients aged 61 to 69 years, chemotherapy plus rituximab resulted in a higher 5-year OS rate (66.7% vs. 46.4%, P = 0.002) and PFS rate (60.0% vs. 38.1%, P = 0.002) than chemotherapy alone. For patients aged ≥70 years, there was a marked survival advantage in patients who received chemotherapy plus rituximab (5-year OS rate: 57.7% vs. 25.4%, P < 0.001; 5-year PFS rate: 51.3% vs. 23.9%, P < 0.001) compared with that seen in those who received chemotherapy alone. Multivariate analysis established that stage III/IV disease, elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), initial treatment, and chemotherapy with rituximab were independent risk factors for 5-year OS, and stage III/IV disease, elevated LDH, and chemotherapy with rituximab were independent risk factors for 5-year PFS for elderly patients with DLBCL.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In comparison to patients aged 61 to 69 years, those aged ≥70 years have poorer survival. Prolonged survival is obtainable with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP)-like in elderly Chinese patients in all age groups, indicating that the R-CHOP-like regimen should be considered for this population, even for those aged 70 years or older.

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2465-2475, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774609

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common chronic respiratory disease of human beings characterized by not fully reversible airflow limitation. Emphysema is the main pathological feature of COPD which causes high mortality worldwide every year and consumes a large amount of medical expenses. This paper was to review the establishment and evaluation methods of animal models of emphysema or COPD, and put forward some new ideas on animal selection, method of modeling, and model evaluation.@*DATA SOURCES@#The author retrieved information from the PubMed database up to July 2019, using various combinations of search terms, including emphysema, model, and animal.@*STUDY SELECTION@#Original articles, reviews, and other articles were searched and reviewed for animal models of emphysema.@*RESULTS@#This review summarized animal models of emphysema from the perspectives of animal selection, emphysema mechanism, modeling method and model evaluation, and found that passive smoking is the classic method for developing animal model of emphysema, mice are more suitable for experimental study on emphysema. Compared with pulmonary function indicators, airway inflammation indicators and oxidative stress indicators, pathomorphological indicators of lung tissue are the most important parameters for evaluating the establishment of the animal model of emphysema.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mice model induced by passive smoking is the classic animal model of emphysema. Pathomorphological indicators are the most important parameters for evaluating the establishment of the animal model of emphysema.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779388

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the relationship between socioeconomic position and prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) and multi-morbidity among older adults in rural Yunnan Province. Methods A total of 4 833 older adults aged 60 years and over were selected by multi-stage stratified random sampling method in rural Yunnan Province. Information was acquired from questionnaire and health examination. Principal component analysis was used to construct the socioeconomic comprehensive score. Results The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, stroke, coronary heart disease, COPD and multi-morbidity in target persons was 50.6%, 10.2%, 6.4%, 5.5%, 5.4% and 16.1% respectively. The prevalence of hypertension and diabetes was much higher in female compared with male (both P<0.05), in contrast the prevalence of COPD was much higher in male than female( 2=5.499, P=0.019)The prevalence of hypertension, stroke, coronary heart disease, COPD and multi-morbidity was increased with age(all P<0.05);Minority ethnic were more likely to develop hypertension, coronary heart disease, COPD and multi-morbidity than Han ethnic(all P<0.05). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that older adults with lower socioeconomic position had higher probability of suffering from hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, COPD and multi-morbidity (all P<0.05). Conclusions There are significant socioeconomic differences between socioeconomic position and prevalence of five major chronic diseases and multi-morbidity among older adults in rural Yunnan province. Older adults with low socioeconomic position should be key population for future prevention and control of chronic diseases.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776661

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the use of antibiotics in children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in multiple regions of China, and to provide a reference for CAP standard treatment and rational antibiotic use in children.@*METHODS@#The medical data of 1 383 children with CAP who were hospitalized in the department of pediatrics in 10 grade A tertiary hospitals from 9 cities between April 14, 2014 and January 1, 2016 were reviewed, to analyze the status of antibiotic use in hospitalized children in North China, Northeast China, East China, and South China.@*RESULTS@#The overall rate of antibiotic use in children with CAP was 89.08%, with 88.7% in North China, 95.5% in Northeast China, 83.3% in East China, and 86.6% in South China. The main types of antibiotics used were cephalosporins, macrolides, compound preparations of β-lactam antibiotics, polyphosphoric broad-spectrum antibiotics and other β-lactam antibiotics. The selection of antibiotics was generally rational, but antibiotics were still used in some patients with viral infection alone or a combined use of ≥2 kinds of antibiotics were noted in some patients with infection caused by one kind of pathogen. Irrational antibiotic use was observed in 131 children (10.63%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are high rates of antibiotic use and irrational use of antibiotics among children with CAP. Standard management of antibiotic use in children with CAP should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Child , Child, Hospitalized , China , Community-Acquired Infections , Drug Therapy , Humans
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743358

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the expression of CYP4 A11 and CYP4 A22 in triple-negative breast carcinoma (TNBC) and its relationship with clinicopathological features and M2 tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). Methods 72 cases of TNBC with clinical and pathological data were collected. The expression of CYP4 A11 and CYP4 A22 in the carcinoma cells and the expression of CD68 and CD163 of the TAMs were detected by immunohistochemically and analyzed with image processing software. The relationship between the expressions of CYP4 A11 and CYP4 A22 with clinicopathologic features and its correlation of the M2 state of TAMs was studied. Results Both the immunohistochemically staining scores of CYP4 A11 and CYP4 A22 were higher in cancer tissues than that in breast tissues (P<0.001, P<0.001). The higher expression of CYP4 A11 was associated with tumor diameter increase (P<0.001), lymph node metastasis (P<0.001), higher clinical stage (P<0.001) and higher Ki-67 index (P=0.011). Both the positive rates of CD68 and CD163 in the high expression group of CYP4 A11 were higher than those in the low expression group of CYP4 A11 (P=0.021, P<0.001). The higher expression of CYP4 A22 was associated with lymph node metastasis (P<0.001), higher clinical stage (P=0.006), higher recurrence rate (P<0.001), and higher Ki-67 index (P=0.040).The positive rates of CD163 in the high expression group of CYP4 A22 was higher than that in the low expression group of CYP4 A22 (P<0.001). Conclusion Both the expression of CYP4 A11 and CYP4 A22 may be associated with M2 polarization state of TAMs, high proliferative activity and lymph node metastasis in the TNBC.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2465-2475, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803081

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common chronic respiratory disease of human beings characterized by not fully reversible airflow limitation. Emphysema is the main pathological feature of COPD which causes high mortality worldwide every year and consumes a large amount of medical expenses. This paper was to review the establishment and evaluation methods of animal models of emphysema or COPD, and put forward some new ideas on animal selection, method of modeling, and model evaluation.@*Data sources@#The author retrieved information from the PubMed database up to July 2019, using various combinations of search terms, including emphysema, model, and animal.@*Study selection@#Original articles, reviews, and other articles were searched and reviewed for animal models of emphysema.@*Results@#This review summarized animal models of emphysema from the perspectives of animal selection, emphysema mechanism, modeling method and model evaluation, and found that passive smoking is the classic method for developing animal model of emphysema, mice are more suitable for experimental study on emphysema. Compared with pulmonary function indicators, airway inflammation indicators and oxidative stress indicators, pathomorphological indicators of lung tissue are the most important parameters for evaluating the establishment of the animal model of emphysema.@*Conclusions@#Mice model induced by passive smoking is the classic animal model of emphysema. Pathomorphological indicators are the most important parameters for evaluating the establishment of the animal model of emphysema.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1807-1814, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802701

ABSTRACT

Background@#Elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) have a worse prognosis than younger patients, and the optimal treatment strategy for this group remains controversial. We conducted a retrospective analysis to investigate the clinical features and outcomes of elderly patients (>60 years) and to assess the impact of clinical and molecular factors on outcome in this age group.@*Methods@#From April 2006 to December 2012, a total of 349 elderly patients with DLBCL from the National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and Peking Union Medical College were included in this analysis. Patients were further divided into two age groups (61–69 years and ≥70 years). We compared clinical characteristics and outcomes between groups.@*Results@#Of 349 total patients, 204 (58.5%) were aged 61 to 69 years, and 145 (41.5%) patients were aged 70 years or older. Except for the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, clinical characteristics were comparable between the two groups. With a median follow-up of 82 (range, 1–129) months, the 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 51.9% and 45.8%, respectively. The 5-year OS rates for patients aged 61 to 69 years and those over 70 years were 58.3% and 42.8% (P = 0.007), respectively, and the 5-year PFS rates were 51.0% and 38.6% (P = 0.034). Treatment regimens including rituximab provided a higher 5-year OS rate (63.1% vs. 37.1%, P < 0.001) and PFS rate (56.6% vs. 31.8%, P < 0.001) than chemotherapy alone. For patients aged 61 to 69 years, chemotherapy plus rituximab resulted in a higher 5-year OS rate (66.7% vs. 46.4%, P = 0.002) and PFS rate (60.0% vs. 38.1%, P = 0.002) than chemotherapy alone. For patients aged ≥70 years, there was a marked survival advantage in patients who received chemotherapy plus rituximab (5-year OS rate: 57.7% vs. 25.4%, P < 0.001; 5-year PFS rate: 51.3% vs. 23.9%, P < 0.001) compared with that seen in those who received chemotherapy alone. Multivariate analysis established that stage III/IV disease, elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), initial treatment, and chemotherapy with rituximab were independent risk factors for 5-year OS, and stage III/IV disease, elevated LDH, and chemotherapy with rituximab were independent risk factors for 5-year PFS for elderly patients with DLBCL.@*Conclusions@#In comparison to patients aged 61 to 69 years, those aged ≥70 years have poorer survival. Prolonged survival is obtainable with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP)-like in elderly Chinese patients in all age groups, indicating that the R-CHOP-like regimen should be considered for this population, even for those aged 70 years or older.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801932

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of an active fraction of Polyrhachis vicina (AFPV) on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and its possible mechanism based on animal and cell models. Method: Totally 60 SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group, model group, prednisone acetate group (5 mg·kg-1), and high, medium and low-dose AFPV groups (400, 200, 100 mg·kg-1). SLE model was replicated with bovine serum albumin-Freund's complete (incomplete) adjuvant. Arthus reaction was observed to study the effect of AFPV on the diameter of back skin redness in rats with SLE. The expressions of anti-double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) antibody, complements 3 (C3), complement 4 (C4), immunoglobulin M (IgM), interleukin-1 (IL-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-31 (IL-31) and interleukin-33 (IL-33) in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. CD4+T cells were isolated from the spleens of MRL/lpr and C57BL/6J mice at the age of 16 to 18 weeks by immunomagnetic beads method. The expressions of miR-200a and miR-155 and the levels of zinc-finger-enhancer binding protein 1(ZEB1) and suppressor of cytokine signaling1(SOCS1) in CD4+T cells were observed to explore the effect of AFPV on SLE and its possible mechanism. Result: Compared with the normal group, the diameter of back skin swelling in the model group was significantly increased (PPPPPPP+T cells of MRL/lpr lupus mice. Compared with the model group, the expression of microRNA-200a increased significantly, the expression of microRNA-155 decreased significantly (PPConclusion: AFPV has therapeutic effect on rats with SLE, its mechanism may be related to the regulation of miR-200a/ZEB1 and miR-155/SOCS1.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL