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1.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 42-46, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971405

ABSTRACT

Objective: To clarify the long-term characteristics of tinnitus following treatment of sudden deafness and its long-term physical and mental effects on patients. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 88 patients (46 males and 42 females; Age from 11 to 89 years) with sudden deafness treated in Department of Otoscope Surgery of Peoples's Libration Army General Hospital in Beijing from April 2020 to January 2021, and the occurrence of tinnitus and treatment effect of all patients were analyzed. Follow-up was conducted for patients with residual tinnitus after treatment for more than 1 year by the investigation and filling in the survey information collection form, Tinnitus Evaluation Questionnaire (TEQ) and Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI). Descriptive statistics and SPSS 22.0 software were used for statistical data analysis. Results: In this study, 93.2% (82/88) of patients with sudden deafness were accompanied by tinnitus at the onset, and the proportion of long-term tinnitus after treatment was 90.2% (74/82). After 1 year of treatment for sudden deafness, the improvement of tinnitus was significant in low-frequency sudden deafness compared with those of high-frequency, flat and total deafness sudden deafness (χ2 value was 6.801, 4.568 and 4.038, all P<0.05). In patients with residual tinnitus, 9 (12.2%) patients felt minimal loudness or even no loudness, 34 (46.0%) patients felt slight loudness, 28 (37.8%) patients felt tinnitus was relatively loud, and 3 (4.1%) patients felt tinnitus was loud or noisy. Nine (12.2%) patients's sleep was often affected, 41 (55.4%) patients's sleep was sometimes affected, 9 (12.2%) patients's sleep was rarely affected, 15 (20.3%) patients's sleep was almost not affected. Twenty-eight (37.8%) patients basically completely adapted to tinnitus and 46 (62.2%) patients did not completely adapted to residual tinnitus. Eight (10.8%) patients had no impact on life, 39 (52.7%) patients had slight impact, 22 (29.7%) patients had moderate impact, and the other 5 (6.8%) patients had greater impact. According to tinnitus evaluation questionnaire(TEQ), there were 12 cases (16.2%) of grade Ⅰ, 26 cases (35.1%) of grade Ⅱ, 28 cases (37.8%) of grade Ⅲ, 7 cases (9.5%) of grade Ⅳ and 1 case (1.4%) of grade Ⅴ. According to tinnitus handicap inventory(THI), tinnitus disability was classified into grade Ⅰ, 22 cases (29.7%), grade Ⅱ, 14 cases (18.9%), Grade Ⅲ, 27 cases (36.5%) and grade Ⅳ, 11 cases (14.9%). Conclusion: The rate of residual tinnitus following treatment of sudden deafness is high. Some of the patients can completely adapt residual tinnitus after one year, but some of them will be affected when sleep, work and study. Residual tinnitus can lead to tinnitus disability in different degrees.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Hearing Loss, Sudden/therapy , Tinnitus/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Deafness/complications , Audiometry
2.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 839-844, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957848

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of RASAL3 in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) and the mechanism of promoting iCCA development.Methods:Tumor and paracancerous tissues were collected from 185 iCCA patients, the expression of RASAL3 was detected by immunohistochemistry, RT-qPCR and Western blot. The expression of RASAL3 and FXYD6 mRNA and protein in human cholangiocarcinoma cell line and human bile duct epithelial cells were detected with RT-qPCR and Western blot, the cell proliferation was detected with CCK-8 assay, and the activity of Na +-K +-ATPase was also detected. Results:RASAL3 was highly expressed in cholangiocarcinoma tissues and cell lines; Survival analysis showed that RASAL3 overexpression was associated with poor prognosis of cholangiocarcinoma( P<0.05) and knockdown of RASAL3 inhibits the proliferation of cholangiocarcinoma cells; Silencing RASAL3 decreases the expression of FXYD6 inhibiting the activity of Na +-K +-ATPase. Conclusion:RASAL3 is up-regulated in human cholangiocarcinoma, which can promote the occurrence and development of cholangiocarcinoma by activating FXYD6 and affecting Na +-K +-ATPase activity.

3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 206-209, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932763

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of three-dimensional visualization technology in the analysis of anatomic variation of peripancreatic vessels in patients with pancreatic space occupation.Methods:A total of 98 cases in Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College, the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Fuyang People's Hospital from June 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Of 94 patients were enrolled, including 56 males and 38 females, aged (61.2±7.2) years. Abdominal organs and blood vessels were reconstructed by 3D visualization technology, and anatomic variation of peripancreatic vessels was analyzed, including abdominal trunk, hepatic artery system, portal vein system and dorsal pancreatic artery.Results:The three-dimensional reconstruction rate of celiac trunk vessels was 100.0% (94/94). The 60 cases of abnormal celiac trunk were as follows: liver and spleen trunk in 5 cases (5.3%), stomach and spleen trunk in 1 case (1.1%), liver, stomach and spleen mesentery trunk in 3 cases (3.2%), liver, stomach and spleen mesentery trunk in 17 cases (18.1%), celiac trunk with one or more inferior phrenic arteries in 34 cases (36.2%). There were 69 cases (73.4%) of Michels type Ⅰ, 2 cases (2.1%) of Michels type Ⅲ, 1 case (1.1%) of Michels Ⅴ, 2 cases (2.1%) of Ⅷ, and 1 case (1.1%) of type Ⅸ of hepatic artery system. There were 17 cases (18.1%) of accessory left hepatic artery from celiac trunk which did not belong to Michels classification. Left accessory hepatic artery originated from left gastric artery and left hepatic artery originated from superior mesenteric artery in 1 case (1.1%), right accessory hepatic artery originated from celiac trunk combined with proper hepatic artery and right anterior hepatic artery combined with gastroduodenal artery originated from right posterior hepatic artery in 1 case (1.1%). Abnormal walking of dorsal pancreatic artery in 3 cases. The inferior mesenteric vein flowed into the superior mesenteric vein in 38 cases (40.4%), and the inferior mesenteric vein flowed into the splenic vein and superior mesenteric vein in 4 cases (4.3%).Conclusion:Three-dimensional visualization technique is helpful to determine the variation of peripancreatic vessels, and has certain significance for accurate preoperative evaluation and surgical guidance of patients with pancreatic space occupation.

4.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 13-25, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922536

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Functional constipation (FC) is one of the most prevalent functional gastrointestinal disorders. Dissatisfaction with medications prescribed to treat FC may lead patients to seek alternative treatments. Numerous systematic reviews (SRs) examining the use of acupuncture to treat FC have reported inconsistent results, and the quality of these studies has not been fully evaluated.@*OBJECTIVE@#In this overview, we evaluated and summarized clinical evidence on the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for treating FC and evaluated the quality and bias of the SRs we reviewed.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#The search strategy was structured by medical subject headings and search terms such as "acupuncture therapy" and "functional constipation." Electronic searches were conducted in eight databases from their inception to September 2020.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#SRs that investigated the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for managing FC were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Two authors independently extracted information and appraised the methodology, reporting accuracy, quality of evidence, and risk of bias using the following critical appraisal tools: (1) A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR 2); (2) Risk of Bias in Systematic Reviews (ROBIS); (3) Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses for Acupuncture (PRISMA-A); and (4) the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE). A κ index was used to score the level of agreement between the 2 reviewers.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen SRs that examined the clinical utility of acupuncture for treating FC were identified. Using the AMSTAR 2 tool, we rated 92.3% (12/13) of the SRs as "critically low" confidence and one study as "low" confidence. Using the ROBIS criteria, 38.5% (5/13) of the SRs were considered to have "low risk" of bias. Based on PRISMA-A, 76.9% (10/13) of the SRs had over 70% compliance with reporting standards. The inter-rater agreement was good for AMSTAR 2, ROBIS, and PRISMA-A. Using the GRADE tool, we classified 22.5% (9/40) of the measured outcomes as "moderate" quality, 57.5% (23/40) as "low" quality, and 20.0% (8/40) as "very low" quality. The inter-rater agreement was moderate when using GRADE. Descriptive analyses indicated that acupuncture was more efficacious than sham acupuncture for improving weekly complete spontaneous bowel movements (CSBMs) and for raising the Bristol Stool Form Scale (BSFS) score. Acupuncture appeared to be superior to anti-constipation drugs for improving weekly spontaneous bowel movements, the total effective rate, and the Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life score. Although ten SRs mentioned the occurrence of adverse events, serious adverse events were not associated with acupuncture treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture may be more efficacious than sham acupuncture for improving CSBMs and BSFS scores and may be superior to anti-constipation drugs for improving bowel movement frequency, as well as quality of life. Limitations to current studies and inconsistent evidence suggest a need for more rigorous and methodologically sound SRs to draw definitive conclusions.@*SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO CRD42020189173.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Constipation/therapy , Quality of Life , Systematic Reviews as Topic
5.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 370-380, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953647

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the dynamic regulation of self-assembled aggregations (SAA) in Coptidis Rhizoma decoction on the permeability of intestinal tissue and the mechanism underlying. Methods: The effects of SAA on berberine (Ber) absorption were respectively analyzed in an in situ intestinal perfusion model and in an Ussing Chamber jejunum model with or without Peyer's patches (PPs). The expression levels of ZO-1, Occludin and Claudin-1 were detected by immunofluorescence to evaluate the tight junction (TJ) between intestinal epithelium cells. The expression levels of T-box-containing protein expressed in T cells, signal transducers and activators of tranion-6, retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor γt and forkhead box P3 in PPs were detected by the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and the secretions of interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-4 (IL-4), interleukin-17 (IL-17) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) in PPs were evaluated by immunohistochemistry, to reflect the differentiation of T lymphocyte in PPs to helper T (Th) cell 1, Th2, Th17 and regulatory T (Treg) cell. To confirm the correlation between SAA in Coptidis Rhizoma decoction, PPs-associated immunity and intestinal epithelium permeability, SAA were administrated on an Ussing Chamber jejunum model with immunosuppressed PPs and evaluated its influences on intestinal tissue permeability and TJ proteins expression. Results: SAA in Coptidis Rhizoma decoction could dose-dependently promote Ber absorption in jejunum segment, with the participation of PPs. The dose-dependent and dynamical regulations of SAA on permeability of intestinal tissue and TJ proteins expression level between intestinal epithelium cells occurred along with the dynamically changed T lymphocyte differentiation and immune effectors secretion in PPs. The administration of SAA on immunosuppressed PPs exhibited dose-dependent PPs activation, inducing dynamic promotion on intestinal tissue permeability and inhibition on TJ proteins expression. Conclusion: SAA can improve the Ber absorption in small intestine, through the PPs-associated immunity induced dynamic regulation on intestinal tissue permeability and TJ proteins expression. These findings might enlighten the research of traditional Chinese medicine decoction.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1502-1506, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864617

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a Early Warning Score for Intra-Abdominal Infection after gastrectomy, comparing the efficiency of Modified Early Warning Score, Early Warning Score for Intra-Abdominal Infection in patients after gastrectomy.Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed to construct the Early Warning Score for Intra-Abdominal Infection. And 342 patients with gastrectomy in the First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University from June 2018 to December 2018 were investigated by the two scales,and the efficiency of Early Warning Score for Intra-Abdominal Infection and Modified Early Warning Score was compared. The ability of the two methods to predict the occurrence of abdominal infection after gastrectomy was compared.Results:Take the predictive index, the area under the ROC curve of Early Warning Score for Intra-Abdominal Infection was 0.977, the sensitivity and specificity were 93.1% and 93.3%.Under the same circumstances, the area under the ROC curve of Modified Early Warning Score was 0.924, the sensitivity and specificity were 82.8% and 84.7%. Early Warning Score for Intra-Abdominal Infection had better predictive ability than the Modified Early Warning Score, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 values were 54.606, 315.479, P<0.05). Conclusions:Early Warning Score for Intra-Abdominal Infection can provide effective early warning for abdominal infection after gastrectomy,with strong specialization, feasibility and effectiveness.

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 527-534, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856997

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effects of trimetazidine (TMZ)on theformationof neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) in vitro and its relationship associated with cell autophagy. Methods The bone marrow neutrophils of mice were extracted by density gradient centrifugation,and NETs induction model was established using ox-LDL. Furthermore, TMZ, autophagy inhibitor LY294002 and autophagy inducer Rapamycin were added to disturb the induction of NETs induced by ox-LDL. The production of NETs marker MPO-DNA and the content of cfDNA/nets in the supernatantwere observed. Meanwhile, Western blot was employed to determine the protein expression of myeloperoxidase (MPO),beclin-l and LC3b in neutrophils. Results Treatment of ox-LDL to adhered neutrophils could lead to the formation of extracellular MPO-DNA and cfDNA/nets generation in a time-and concentration-dependent manner. The protein expression of LC3b,beclin-1 and MPO in neutrophils was up-regulated after treatedwith ox-LDL. TMZ pretreatment significantly inhibited NETs release and reduced the protein expression of LC3b,beclin-1 and MPO in neutrophils,which could be simulated by PI3K/AKT pathway blocker LY294002, while AKT/mTOR inhibitor rapamycin preconditioning did the opposite. Conclusions Ox-LDL-induces the formation of NETs in a time-and concentration-dependent manner. TMZ could down-regulate the level of autophagy and neutrophils, inhibit the induction of ox-LDL on NETs and reduce the release of NETs.

8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 20-30, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788855

ABSTRACT

In mammals, the gonad is composed of germ cells and somatic cells. The gonads have the potential of bidirectional differentiation before sex determination. The differentiation of somatic cells in the gonad determines the development of testis or ovary, and this process is regulated by many factors. SRY, SOX9, SOX3, SOX8, SOX10, FGF9/FGFR2, PGD2, AMH, and DMRT1 are involved in the differentiation of testis. By contrast, FOXL2, CTNNB1, RSPO1, WNT4, Follistatin, ERα/β, and BMP2 play important roles in ovary development. If these molecular regulatory networks are damaged by endogenous or exogenous factors, disorders of sex differentiation, even sex reversal, will occur. In this review, the regulation of somatic cell fate during gonad primordium formation and sex determination in mouse model was discussed.

9.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 210-217, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782106

ABSTRACT

200 µm, a circumference > 60 degrees, and a cap thickness < 450 µm. The percentage distributions of CT pixel attenuation ≤ 20, 30, 40, and 50 HU were calculated using quantitative histogram analysis.RESULTS: A total of 271 transverse sections were co-registered between CCTA and pathological analysis. Overall, 26 lipid cores and 16 fibrous plaques were identified by pathological analysis. There was no significant difference in median CT attenuation between the lipid and fibrous plaques (51 HU [interquartile range, 46–63] vs. 57 HU [interquartile range, 50–64], p = 0.659). The median percentage of CT pixel attenuation ≤ 30 HU accounted for 11% (5–17) of lipid-core plaques and 0% (0–2) of fibrous plaques (p < 0.001). The sensitivity and specificity of the method for diagnosing lipid plaques by the average CT pixel attenuation ≤ 30 HU were 80.8% and 87.5%, respectively. The area under the receiver operator characteristics curve was 0.898 (95% confidence interval: 0.765–0.970; 3.0% was the best cut-off value). The diagnostic performance was significantly higher than those of the average pixel CT attenuation percentages ≤ 20, 40, and 50 HU and the mean CT attenuation (p < 0.05).CONCLUSION: In in vivo conditions, with the pathological lipid core as the gold standard, quantification of the percentage of average CT pixel attenuation ≤ 30 HU in the histogram can be useful for accurate identification of lipid plaques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography , Coronary Disease , Coronary Vessels , Diagnosis , Heart Transplantation , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Spectrum Analysis
10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 1004-1007, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870397

ABSTRACT

Objective:To culture and identify dermal mesenchymal stem cells (DMSCs) in skin lesions of patients with psoriasis, and to determine the expression of hairy and enhancer of split-1 (HES1) and chemokine ligand 6 (CXCL6) in DMSCs.Methods:DMSCs were isolated from skin lesions of 15 patients with psoriasis and normal skin tissues of 18 healthy controls, and then subjected to culture. Cell phenotypes were identified by flow cytometry, and mRNA and protein expression of HES1 and CXCL6 was determined by real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) and Western blot analysis respectively. Comparisons were performed between 2 groups by using t test. Results:There was no difference in the morphology of DMSCs between the psoriasis group and control group. The mRNA expression of HES1 and CXCL6 in the psoriasis group was 3.56 and 3.44 times that in the control group respectively, and there was a significant difference between the two groups (both P < 0.05) . The protein expression of HES1 and CXCL6 in DMSCs was significantly higher in the psoriasis group than in the control group (both P < 0.05) . Conclusion:The high expression of HES1 and CXCL6 in DMSCs from lesions may be involved in the occurrence of psoriasis.

11.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 425-427, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755839

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate preoperative three dimensional(3D)reconstruction techniques in perioperative patients of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergoing hepatectomy.Methods Fifty-eight HCC patients who had undergone hepatectomy between 2015 and 2017 were enrolled.Twenty-three patients underwent hepatectomy based on preoperative 3D reconstruction techniques,while other thirty-five patients were without using it.Results No significant statistical difference was found in clincopathological parameters of patients preoperatively.The patients who underwent hepatectomy based on 3D reconstruction techniques had less operation time (Z =-2.213,P =0.028),hepatic inflow occlusion rate,time (x2 =3.966,P =0.046;Z =-2.371,P =0.018) and blood loss (Z =-2.140,P =0.032) during operation.Totally 23 postoperative complications occurred which were Clavien-Dindo classification grade Ⅰ or Ⅱ.More complications occurred in the not using 3D technique group (x2 =6.061,P =0.014).Conclusion Preoperative 3D reconstruction technique improves the perioperative prognosis of hepatectomy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4350-4353, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008225

ABSTRACT

Kangfu Xiaoyan Suppository is widely used in the treatment of gynecological inflammatory diseases. Long-term clinical application and a certain amount of research evidences show that Kangfu Xiaoyan Suppository can alleviate the clinical symptoms of pelvic inflammatory diseases,reduce the recurrence rate,and relieve sequelae,with a better safety and economic characteristics. As a type of nationally protected traditional Chinese medicine and type B medicine included in medical insurance,it has been selected as a Chinese patent medicine for rectal administration. It was included in the Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of common gynecological diseases of traditional Chinese medicine published by the Chinese Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine in 2012,the Pelvic inflammatory diseases diagnosis and treatment guidelines issued by the Infectious Diseases Collaborative Group of the Obstetrics and Gynecology Branch of the Chinese Medical Association in 2014,and the group standard of Single use of traditional Chinese medicine/combined antibiot guidelines for clinical practice-pelvic inflammatory diseases of the Chinese Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine in 2017. To further enhance clinicians' understanding of the drug and better guide its rational clinical use,experts from the field of gynecology of traditional Chinese and Western medicine were invited to develop and compile this expert consensus. This consensus takes full account of clinical evidences and expert clinical experience,and form recommendations for clinical problems based on evidences and consensus recommendations for clinical problems without evidence by nominal grouping method. The expert consensus is mainly formed in the consideration of six factors: quality of evidence,economy,efficacy,adverse reactions,patient acceptability and others. Based on clinical research evidences and expert experience,this consensus provides a preliminary reference for the clinical use of the drug in a concise and clear format. However,evidence-based support is still required in a large number of high-quality studies,and this consensus will be revised in the future according to new clinical problems and the update of evidence-based evidence in practical application.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/drug therapy , Suppositories
13.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 805-812, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905639

ABSTRACT

Estrogen deficiency, inflammatory reactions, metabolic disorders, etc., are considered to be possible mechanisms leading to arthralgias (or joint pain) associated with aromatase inhibitors (AIs) in breast cancer patients. The use of exercise and other non-pharmacological means (such as vitamin D, Omega-3 fatty acids, acupuncture, etc.) may relieve AIs-related arthralgia, and exercise may play a direct or indirect role to deal with the related pathogenesis. But the results of the studies are still controversial.

14.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 66-70, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710155

ABSTRACT

AIM To compare the percutaneous penetration performance of three paeonol gels.METHODS Franz diffusion cell method was applied to investigating the penetration and retention behaviors of eutectic mixturebased nanoemulsion,ordinary nanoemulsion and saturated solution gels onto mouse skins in vitro.The retention and permeation amounts in stratum corneum and hair follicles of volunteers smeared with gels were compared by tape stripping method.RESULTS The accumulative permeation and retention amounts of various gels onto mouse skins in vitro were in sequence of eutectic mixture-based nanoemulsion gel > ordinary nanoemulsion gel > saturated solution gel.The main retention of all the three gels was observed on the volunteers' skin surface,and the permeation amounts of eutectic mixture-based nanoemulsion,ordinary nanoemulsion gels,and their accumulative permeation amounts in stratum corneum and hair follicles were significantly higher than those of saturated solution gel (P <0.05).CONCLUSION Nanoemulsion technology can significantly promote the percutaneous penetration performance of paeonol.

15.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1243-1248, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705183

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the expression of CAR-MA3, NF-κB in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and the underlying mechanism of sodium aescinate in inhib-iting the proliferation of human hepatocellular carcino-ma cells. Methods The expression of CARMA3 and NF-κB in HCC tissues were detected by tissue microar-ray immunohistochemistry. MTT was used to determine the effect of sodium aescinate on the proliferation of HCC cells. Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytom-etry. The expression of CARMA3, NF-κB protein in HepG2 and Hep3B cells treated with sodium aescinate was detected by Western blot and cell immunofluores-cence. Results Tissue microarray analysis showed that the expression of CARMA3 in HCC was up-regulated compared with the adjacent adjacent liver tissues, and the histopathological differentiation, TNM stage, tumor volume and prognosis were correlated. Sodium aesci-nate in 40 μmol·L-1concentration ( IC50) inhibited the growth of HCC cell lines, promoting its apoptosis, but without toxic effects on normal liver cells. Western blot and cell immunofluorescence detection of sodium aescinate could significantly inhibit the expression of CARMA3 and NF-κB. Conclusion Sodium aescinate can effectively inhibit the proliferation of HCC cells by inhibiting the activation of CARMA3/NF-κB signaling in HCC.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 231-235, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809875

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficiency and safety of low intensity conditional regimen for children with Fanconi anemia (FA) receiving allogenic hematopoietic stem cells transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*Methods@#Four patients diagnosed as Fanconi anemia were enrolled in this study. One patient received HLA-identical sibling donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, two patients underwent unrelated donor matched (UD) HSCT, and one patient received unrelated cord blood transplantation. The conditional regimen consisted of Busulfan with low dose of cyclophosphamide.@*Results@#All 4 cases succeeded in allo-HSCT. The median time for neutrophils engraftment was 11(9-15) day, median time to platelets (PLT) engraftment was 12 (8-28) day. One case occurred with grade I of aGVHD, 1 case with hemorrhagic cystitis. No patient happened with hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD).@*Conclusion@#Low intensity of conditional regimen is efficient and safe which should be recommended for FA patients with HSCT.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 231-235, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011730

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficiency and safety of low intensity conditional regimen for children with Fanconi anemia (FA) receiving allogenic hematopoietic stem cells transplantation (allo-HSCT). Methods: Four patients diagnosed as Fanconi anemia were enrolled in this study. One patient received HLA-identical sibling donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, two patients underwent unrelated donor matched (UD) HSCT, and one patient received unrelated cord blood transplantation. The conditional regimen consisted of Busulfan with low dose of cyclophosphamide. Results: All 4 cases succeeded in allo-HSCT. The median time for neutrophils engraftment was 11(9-15) day, median time to platelets (PLT) engraftment was 12 (8-28) day. One case occurred with grade I of aGVHD, 1 case with hemorrhagic cystitis. No patient happened with hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD). Conclusion: Low intensity of conditional regimen is efficient and safe which should be recommended for FA patients with HSCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Busulfan , Fanconi Anemia , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation Conditioning
18.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1227-1230, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792684

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate theprognostic factors and prognostic value of acute organophosphorus pesticide poisoning. Methods Patients with acute organophosphorus pesticide from January 2009 to January 2017 in Cangzhou city emergency center from poisoning, describing the demographic characteristics, and clinical characteristics and prognosis of poisoning, using Logistic regression model analysis of admission when white blood cell count (WBC) , cholinesterase (ChE), lactic acid (Lac), blood glucose (GLU), serum myocardial enzymes (CK) and acute physiology and chronic health score (APACHE score) effects on the prognosis of patients, using Logistic regression probability prediction model and ROC curve analysis of the value of the index prediction on the prognosis of the patients. Results A total of 519 patients with acute organophosphorus pesticide poisoning were treated, the ratio of male to female was 1 :1.21 (235/284), the age was 20-50 years old (73.41%), mainly for farmers (64.74%), and the cause of poisoning was suicide (73.99%) . 87.09% patients were cured or improved, healed or dead patients accounted for 12.52%, accounting for 0.39% of the other. WBC (OR=5.056, 95% CI:1.714~14.915) , ChE (OR=5.190, 95% CI:1.396 ~ 19.298) , Lac (OR=5.124, 95% CI:1.347 ~ 19.497) , APACHE score (OR=10.098, 95% CI:1.311 ~ 77.767) is a risk factor for the prognosis of patients with organophosphorus poisoning. Logistic regression probability prediction results P=0.52, AUC:0.717 (95%CI:0.677~0.901), sensitivity: 0.70, specificity: 0.91, Kappa value: 0.460. The ROC curve was established by the APACHE II score alone, and the APACHE II score was 17.5 points, and AUC: 0.987 (95%CI:0.977~0.998), sensitivity: 0.99, specificity: 0.88, Kappa value: 0.543. Conclusion The scores of WBC, ChE, Lac and APACHE II were the prognostic factors of organophosphate poisoning. The predictive effect of the APACHE II score alone was better than that of WBC, ChE, Lac and APACHE II scoring.

19.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 698-701, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607624

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) versus open liver resection (OLR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods A total of 89 HCC patients undergoing liver resection between January 2012 and November 2016 were enrolled.Nonparametric tests were employed to compare the clinicalpathological characters and preoperative outcomes.Results No significant difference was observed in clinicalpathological features and postoperative morbidity.LLR group had shorter hospital stay (Z =4.642,P <0.01),lower serum ALT level in 1st,3rd and 5 day (Z =2.157,3.089,2.384,all P <0.05) and AST level in 1st-and 3rd-day postoperatively (Z =2.688,2.566,all P <0.05).The growth rate in serum total protein (TP) and albumin (ALB) postoperatively is higher for LLR group (y =2.348 4x + 51.696 vs.y =0.902 9 + 35.532),(y =1.539 9x + 29.68 vs.y =0.732 9x + 30.406).Conclusion LLR allows quicker liver function recovery and shortens patients' postoperative hospital stay.

20.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 1031-1033, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505265

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate natural killer(NK) and NKT cells in acute pancreatitis(AP).Methods Changes of NK and NKT cells in peripheral blood of 86 AP cases were detected using muhiparameter flow cytometry.Results Compared with control group,the NKT cells decreased in AP patients (t =5.23,P =0.00),but NK cells didn't (t =-1.15,P =0.25).NKT cells in severe SAP and mnoderate MAP were lower than that in the control group (t =-3.92,P =0.00;t =4.84,P =0.00).There was no statistically significant difference of NK cells between MAP and the controls (t =-0.54,P =0.59),but NK cells in SAP group was obviously higher than that in control group (t =3.12,P =0.00).After one week treatment,NK cells significantly decreased (t =8.43,P =0.00).NKT cells were higher than control group (t =-4.44,P =0.00).Dynamic monitoring in AP patients found continuous declination in NK cells,and NKT cells experienced an increase before a falling.Conclusion Monitoring of NK and NKT cells can be used as an important index for the severity and response to treatment in acute pancreatitis.

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