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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928613

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical features of children with colorectal polyps and the efficacy of endoscopic treatment.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 1 351 children with colorectal polyps who were admitted and received colonoscopy and treatment in the past 8 years, including clinical features and the pattern and outcomes of endoscopic treatment.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1 351 children, 893 (66.10%) were boys and 981 (72.61%) had an age of 2-<7 years, and hematochezia (1 307, 96.74%) was the most common clinical manifestation. Of all the children, 89.27% (1 206/1 351) had solitary polyps, and 95.77% (1 290/1 347) had juvenile polyps. The polyps were removed by electric cauterization with hot biopsy forceps (6 cases) or high-frequency electrotomy and electrocoagulation after snare ligation (1 345 cases). A total of 1 758 polyps were resected, among which 1 593 (90.61%) were pedunculated and 1 349 (76.73%) had a diameter of <2 cm. Postoperative complications included bleeding in 51 children (3.77%), vomiting in 87 children (6.44%), abdominal pain in 14 children (1.04%), and fever in 39 children (2.89%), while no perforation was observed. The children aged <3 years had the highest incidence rates of postoperative bleeding and fever (P<0.0125), and the children with a polyp diameter of ≥2 cm had significantly higher incidence rates of postoperative bleeding, vomiting, and fever (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Solitary polyps, pedunculated polyps, and juvenile polyps are common types of pediatric colorectal polyps. Electric cauterization with hot biopsy forceps or high-frequency electrotomy and electrocoagulation after snare ligation can effectively remove colorectal polyps in children, with good efficacy and few complications. Younger age and larger polyp diameter are associated with a higher risk of postoperative bleeding.


Subject(s)
Child , Colonic Polyps/surgery , Colonoscopy , Female , Humans , Intestinal Polyps/surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies , Vomiting
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 492-499, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922915

ABSTRACT

A novel sort of nano-component was extricated and isolated from Descurainiae Semen Carbonisatum (DSC), and its hemostatic component was considered through pharmacological experiments. A muffle furnace was used to prepare DSC at 250 ℃, 300 ℃ and 350 ℃, and the DSC dialysate at each temperature was obtained by the extraction and separation method. Low-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) were utilized to characterize the nano-components. Ultraviolet spectroscopy (UV-Vis), fluorescence spectroscopy (FL) and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were utilized to measure its optical characteristics and functional group information. The anti-hemorrhagic effects were evaluated by liver bleeding tests and the related hemostatic mechanisms of the obtained nano-components were further assessed by detecting blood coagulation and PLT quantity to discuss the hemostasis mechanism. The experiments complied with the Animal Ethics Committee of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. TEM results showed that there was a novel type of nano-component in the DSC dialysate bag, which was named DSC nano-components (DSC-NCs). The experimental results of liver bleeding in mice showed that DSC-NCs prepared at 250 ℃, 300 ℃, and 350 ℃ could reduce the bleeding time of mice liver. Among them, DSC-NCs prepared at 350 °C had the best effect. In addition, DSC-NCs prepared at various temperatures can also reduce the prothrombin time (PT) value, increase the fibrinogen (FIB) value and the platelet (PLT) value to varying degrees. DSC-NCs have a certain hemostatic effect, which may be related to the activation of the exogenous coagulation system, the increase of FIB value and the increase of platelet content. This provides a new research direction for exploring the treatment of bleeding diseases, and provides a new perspective for the potential application of DSC-NCs in the medical field.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906279

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the sequence characteristics,chromosomal location,gene structure,conserved motifs,phylogenetic evolution and differential gene expressions of the <italic>Cannabis sativa</italic> YABBY transcription factor family,in order to provide a molecular basis for in-depth study of <italic>YABBY</italic> gene function and theoretical support for the selection and breeding of superior hemp varieties. Method:The bio-informatics method was used to identify and analyze the <italic>CsYABBY </italic>gene family of the original hemp seed plant. PlantTFDB,ExPASy,MEME,CELLO,PLANTCARE and other online websites and TBtools,MEGA,DNAMAN and other software were used for prediction,visualization and analysis. Result:<italic>C. sativa</italic> contains 6 <italic>YABBY</italic> gene members distributed on 5 chromosomes,in which 5 members are localized in the nucleus and 1 in extracellular, they consist of 185-235 amino acids, and the isoelectric point is between 5.05 and 9.34, the molecular weight is between 20 582.45-26 282.7 Da. All of CsYABBY proteins contain two conserved domains, namely Zinc finger domain and YABBY domain. <italic>CsYABBY</italic> genes have multiple cis-acting elements,and their expressions differ in different tissues and cultivars. Conclusion:The expressions of CsYABBY may be affected by hormones and externally environmental factors. <italic>CsYABBY</italic> gene expressions are tissue-specific. In addition,YABBY transcription factor family may play an important role in regulating the development of <italic>C. sativa</italic> female flowers,and subfamilies YAB1 and YAB5 may be involved in the synthesis of cannabinoids.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888102

ABSTRACT

Phytohormones play an important role at all stages of plant growth, influencing plant growth and development and regulating plant secondary metabolism, such as the synthesis of flavone, flavonol, anthocyanin, and other flavonoids. Flavonoids, a group of important secondary metabolites ubiquitous in plants, have antioxidative, anti-microbial, and anti-inflammatory activities and thus have a wide range of potential applications in Chinese medicine and food nutrition. With the development of biotechnology, phytohormones' regulation on flavonoids has become a research focus in recent years. This study reviewed the research progress on the mechanism of common phytohormones, such as abscisic acid, gibberellin, methyl jasmonate, and salicylic acid, in regulating flavonoid metabolism, and discussed the molecular mechanism of the synthesis and accumulation of flavonoids, aiming at clarifying the key role of phytohormones in modulating flavonoid metabolism. The result is of guiding significance for improving the content of flavonoids in plants through rational use of phytohormones and of reference value for exploring the mechanism of hormones in regulating flavonoid metabolism.


Subject(s)
Abscisic Acid , Flavonoids , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Gibberellins , Plant Development , Plant Growth Regulators
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1486-1496, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887077

ABSTRACT

C2H2 transcription factors play an important role in plant growth, development and the regulation of secondary metabolism. This article identifies members of the C2H2 gene family in Cannabis sativa L. at the genome level. Chromosomal location and linkage, evolutionary relationships, and identification of conserved motifs was determined from the C. sativa genome and transcriptome data using bioinformatics tools and on-line websites such as TBtools, MEGA software, NCBI, PlantTFDB, ExPASy, HMMSCAN, MEME, WoLFPSORT and PlantCARE. The results show that C. sativa contains 30 members of the C2H2 gene family (named CsC2H2-1-CsC2H2-30) distributed on 9 chromosomes. The encoded proteins range in length from 138 to 635 amino acids, and the theoretical isoelectric points range from 5.85 to 9.52. Molecular weights range from 15 909.48 to 68 445.53 Da. Transcriptome analysis showed that CsC2H2 was differentially expressed in the female flowers, bracts, leaves, and stems of the Diku variety and female flowers of nine different varieties of C. sativa. Quantitative real-time PCR verified that CsC2H2-1, CsC2H2-5, and CsC2H2-19 were significantly expressed in the female flowers and bracts of the Diku variety. This provides a theoretical basis for in-depth study of the function of the C2H2 gene family and the breeding of high-quality C. sativa varieties.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2093-2101, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887058

ABSTRACT

At present, the research of Moutan cortex carbonisata (MCC) mainly focuses on the changes of chemical composition before and after charcoal production, and there is a lack of material basic research directly related to the efficacy at home and abroad. In this study, Moutan cortex, as a precursor, and was calcined to MCC at high temperature. The Moutan cortex carbonisata nano-components (MCC-NCs) were extracted and separated from MCC to explore its cooling-blood and hemostatic effects. In the experiment, the MCC was calcined at a high temperature in a muffle furnace (350 ℃, 1 h), and then MCC-NCs were extracted for MCC, and characterized by transmission electron microscopy and UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. In addition, the study evaluated the blood-cooling and hemostatic effects of MCC-NCs. The results showed that MCC-NCs have a size distribution of 0.80-2.8 nm, a lattice spacing of 0.26 nm. MCC-NCs are mainly composed of C, O and N elements and have abundant surface functional groups such as OH, C=O, C-N and C=C. The fluorescence yield of MCC-NCs was 7.18%. The experiments complied with the Animal Ethics Committee of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. The result indicated that pretreatment MCC-NCs can significantly (P < 0.05) reduce the high, medium, and low viscosity of whole blood and plasma viscosity, and reduce hematocrit, red blood cell distribution width, hemoglobin and red blood cell level. In addition, MCC-NCs significantly reduced the levels of activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time and fibrinogen (P < 0.05). The pathological examination results showed that MCC-NCs can significantly reduce lung tissue damage, reduce bleeding and inflammatory cell infiltration. At the same time, it can also significantly reduce the symptoms of gastric mucosal bleeding. In conclusion, the results indicated that MCC-NCs has significantly the effect of blood cooling and hemostasis, and its hemostatic effect is mainly related to the activation of endogenous coagulation pathway or fibrinogen system, which provided a novel strategy for exploring the material basis of traditional Chinese medicine for hemostasis.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878326

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the association of socioeconomic status with the burden of cataract blindness in terms of year lived with disability (YLD) rates and to determine whether ultraviolet radiation (UVR) levels modify the effect of socioeconomic status on this health burden.@*Methods@#National and subnational age-standardized YLD rates associated with cataract-related blindness were derived from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study 2017. The human development index (HDI) from the Human Development Report was used as a measure of socioeconomic status. Estimated ground-level UVR exposure was obtained from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) dataset of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).@*Results@#Across 185 countries, socioeconomic status was inversely associated with the burden of cataract blindness. Countries with a very high HDI had an 84% lower age-standardized YLD rate [95% confidence interval ( @*Conclusion@#Long-term high-UVR exposure amplifies the association of poor socioeconomic status with the burden of cataract-related blindness. The findings emphasize the need for strengthening UVR exposure protection interventions in developing countries with high-UVR exposure.


Subject(s)
Blindness/etiology , Cataract/etiology , Female , Global Burden of Disease/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Male , Quality-Adjusted Life Years , Social Class , Socioeconomic Factors , Ultraviolet Rays/adverse effects
8.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 516-520,C8-1, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910200

ABSTRACT

Objective:By analyzing the clinical and pathologic manifestations of systemic mastocytosis (SM) to improve the recognition of the disease.Methods:Clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of a middle-aged male patient with SM was reported with multidisciplinary discussions.Results:A middle-aged man with bone pain, thyroid nodules and lymphadenectasis came to our clinic. Thyroid cancer with lymph node and bone metastasis was suspected by imaging examination. The pathological results showed cell proliferation with transparent cytoplasm and irregular nuclear in the trabecular bone. Toluidine blue staining showed the proliferated cells were mast cells(+). Immunohistochemistry showed proliferating mast cells stained with CD117 and CD2. SM with extensive bone marrow involvement was diagnosed and treated with thalidomide and calcitriol.Conclusion:Knowing the characteristics of SM is helpful for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873365

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a characteristic spectrum to reflect the efficacy of Houpo Qiwutang. Method:Based on the correlation between the efficacy and the pharmacological action of each herb in prescription,the target substances of characteristic map were screened. The extraction solvent,detection wavelength and gradient of the active ingredients were optimized. Peak assignment was made by comparing individual drugs. Q-TOF was used to infer the molecular formula of each peak in the characteristic atlas,and the reference substance was identified by the reference substance. The reference substance was screened out according to the correlation of main efficacy and medicine. Result:The characteristic spectrum of material standard of Houpu Qiwutang was established. Five of the seven herbal medicines were attributed. Nine characteristic peaks were selected and identified by Q-TOF as glycyrrhizin,including naringin,neohesperidin,ammonium glycyrrhizinate,rhein,honokiol,magnolol. According to the main efficacy of Houpo Qiwutang,neohesperidin was selected as reference substances. According to the separation of characteristic peaks and the retention time,the mark peak of the characteristic spectrum was determined. Conclusion:The characteristic spectrum of the material basis of Houpo Qiwutang was established by selecting the characteristic peaks and controlling the key components. This method not only reflects the situation of all the effective chemical components,but also focuses on the control of the key efficacy,so as to provide a theoretical basis for the subsequent development and quality control of Houpu Qiwu Tang.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871354

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the regulatory effects of sphingosine kinase-2 (SphK2) on the function of activated astrocytes and the progression of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in mice.Methods:Primary mouse astrocytes were isolated from wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice and sphk2 gene knock-out ( sphk2 -/-) mice and stimulated in vitro with interleukin 17 (IL-17). Real-time PCR was used to measure the expression of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines at mRNA levels. Western blot and immunofluorescence were used to detect the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3). An EAE mouse model was constructed using myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein 35-55 (MOG 35-55) polypeptide. Western blot was used to detect the expression of GFAP and p-STAT3 at protein level and real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines at mRNA level in spinal cords. Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) and Luxol fast blue (LFB) staining were used to observe the changes in inflammatory cell infiltration and demyelination in spinal cords. Results:Compared with the WT group, the phosphorylation of STAT3 was obviously reduced in in vitro activated mouse astrocytes of sphk2 -/- mice, and the expression of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines including monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), TNF-α and IL-6 at mRNA level was also significantly decreased. Compared with the WT EAE group, changes in the above-mentioned cytokines and relative proteins in sphk2 -/- EAE mice in vivo were similar to those in vitro. Moreover, inflammatory cell infiltration and demyelination were significantly reduced in spinal cords of sphk2 -/- EAE mice. However, no significant difference in in vitro or in vivo GFAP expression was observed between WT and sphk2 -/- mice. Conclusions:SphK2 might regulate the function of reactive astrocytes through STAT3 molecular pathway, thereby regulating the production of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines and participating in the pathological process of EAE.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878817

ABSTRACT

Unraveling the genetic basis of medicinal plant metabolism and developmental traits is a long-standing goal for pharmacologists and plant biologists. This paper discusses the definition of molecular genetics of medicinal plants, which is an integrative discipline with medicinal plants as the research object. This discipline focuses on the heredity and variation of medicinal plants, and elucidates the relationship between the key traits of medicinal plants(active compounds, yield, resistance, etc.) and genotype, studies the structure and function, heredity and variation of medicinal plant genes mainly at molecular level, so as to reveal the molecular mechanisms of transmission, expression and regulation of genetic information of medicinal plants. Specifically, we emphasize on three major aspects of this discipline.(1)Individual and population genetics of medicinal plants, this part mainly highlights the genetic mechanism of the domestication, the individual genomics at the species level, and the formation of genetic diversity of medicinal plants.(2)Elucidation of biosynthetic pathways of active compounds and their evolutionary significance. This part summarizes the biosynthesis, diversity and molecular evolution of active compounds in medicinal plants.(3) Molecular mechanisms that shaping the key agronomic traits by internal and external factors. This part focuses on the accumulation and distribution of active compounds within plants and the regulation of metabolic network by environmental factors. Finally, we prospect the future direction of molecular genetics of medicinal plants based on the rapid development of multi-omics technology, as well as the application of molecular genetics in the future strategies to achieve conservation and breeding of medicinal plants and efficient biosynthesis of active compounds.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways , Genomics , Molecular Biology , Plant Breeding , Plants, Medicinal
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878784

ABSTRACT

LBD(lateral organ boundaries)transcription factors play an important role in the regulation of plant growth, development and secondary metabolism. In order to explore the function of LBD genes in cannabis, the Cannabis sativa genome and transcriptome were used to identify the C. sativa LBD gene family, and analyzed their expression patterns. Our results showed that the cannabis LBD contains 32 members, which were divided into two major categories, seven sub-families. Class Ⅰ was divided into 5 sub-families, named Class Ⅰ_a to Class Ⅰ_e, while Class Ⅱ was divided into 2 sub-families, including Class Ⅱ_a and Class Ⅱ_b. Analysis showed that the number of amino acids encoded LBDs was between 172 and 356, and the isoelectric point was between 4.92 and 9.43. The mole-cular weight of LBD was between 18 862.92 Da and 40 081.33 Da, and most members are located in the nucleus. Chromosome positioning of LBD showed that 32 members were unevenly distributed on 10 chromosomes of C. sativa LBD transcription factor domain, gene structure and motifs are relatively conservative, and the characteristics of different class members are similar. The upstream promoter region of the gene contains a variety of cis-acting elements related to plant hormones and environmental factors, C. sativa LBD genes have different expression patterns in the stems, leaves, and flowers of ZYS varieties(low tetrahydrocannabinol, high cannabidiol). The members of the LBD gene family are mainly expressed in the flowers and stems of ZYS varieties, while members expressed in the leaves very few; Class Ⅱ members CsLBD21 and CsLBD23 are expressed in flowers and stems, and CsLBD8 and CsLBD18 are expressed in flowers, stems and leaves. These genes may participate in the growth and development of cannabis and affect the biosynthesis of cannabinoids. This study laid the foundation for the subsequently functional research of the cannabis LBD gene family.


Subject(s)
Cannabis/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Seeds/metabolism
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877706

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#To describe the maternal and fetal outcomes in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) pregnancies followed-up in a single tertiary referral centre.@*METHODS@#We performed a retrospective cohort study of 75 SLE pregnancies who were followed up in Singapore General Hospital over a 16-year period from 2000 to 2016. Adverse fetal and maternal outcomes including preterm delivery, miscarriages, fetal growth restriction, congenital heart block, neonatal lupus, pre-eclampsia and SLE flares were obtained from the medical records.@*RESULTS@#The mean age at conception was 32 years old (SD 3.8). The mean SLE disease duration was 5.9 years (SD 5.2). The majority (88%) had quiescent SLE disease activity at baseline. Most pregnancies resulted in a live birth (74.7%). The mean gestational age at birth was 37.4 weeks (SD 3.4). Adverse fetal outcomes occurred in 53.3%. Preterm delivery (33.9%), miscarriages (20%) and fetal growth restriction (17.3%) were the most frequent adverse fetal outcomes. There was 1 neonatal death and SLE flares occurred in a third (33%). In the subgroup of SLE pregnancies with antiphospholipid syndrome, there were higher SLE flare rates (40%) and adverse fetal outcomes occurred in 8 pregnancies (80%). There were no predictive factors identified for all adverse fetal and maternal outcomes. In the subgroup analysis of preterm delivery, anti-Ro (SS-A) antibody positivity and hydroxychloroquine treatment were associated with a lower risk of preterm delivery.@*CONCLUSION@#Although the majority had quiescent SLE disease activity at baseline, SLE pregnancies were associated with high rates of adverse fetal and maternal outcomes.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the 10-year Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD) risk score among adults in eastern China using the China-PAR equation which formulated primarily for the Chinese population.@*METHODS@#Data from 72,129 individuals from 35-74 years old who received routine physical examinations in eastern China were analyzed in this study. The 10-year risk scores were calculated using the China-PAR equation. The chi-square test and logistic regression were then performed to evaluate the association between the selected risk factors and overall CVD risk.@*RESULTS@#The mean 10-year ASCVD risk scores were 3.82% ± 3.76% in men and 1.30% ± 1.65% in women based on the China-PAR equation. Overall, 20% of men and 3.5% of women were intermediate-risk, and 7.3% of men and 0.3% of women were high-risk. Waist to hip ratio (WHR) [OR = 1.16 (CI 95% = 1.06-1.26)], waist to height ratio (WHtR) [OR = 1.16 (CI 95% = 1.05-1.28)], non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) [OR = 1.23 (CI 95% = 1.09-1.39)], and total cholesterol (TC)/HDL-C [OR = 1.68 (CI 95% = 1.46-1.94)] were more strongly associated with CVD risk than body-mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and TC alone.@*CONCLUSION@#Male-specific prevention and treatment strategies for ASCVD are needed in eastern China. In addition, WHR, WHtR, non-HDL-C, and TC/HDL-C which not included in the the China-PAR equation were also independently associated with 10-year ASCVD risk score categories.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Algorithms , Atherosclerosis , Epidemiology , China , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Physical Examination , Risk Factors
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771524

ABSTRACT

At present,Western medicine is widely used in the treatment of epilepsy.However,about 30%-40% of epileptic patients are resistant to them and are affected by the side effects of these drugs.Traditional Chinese medicine is effective in treating epileptic seizures and relieving complications caused by Western medicine.However,the active ingredients and mechanisms of traditional Chinese medicine remain unclear.This article reviews and summarizes the advances and mechanisms in treating epilepsy,such as Chinese medicine monomer,the extracts of single Chinese medicine and Chinese medicine compound.Chinese medicine monomers,including gastrodin,asarone,rhynchophylline,ligustrazine,tanshinone ⅡA,curcumin,etc.,have antiepileptic effects via regulating excitatory neurotransmitters and receptors,the expression of inflammatory factors,sodium/potassium ion channels and the expression of apoptotic protein,therefore protecting neurons.The extracts of single Chinese herbal including the extracts of Gastrodiae Rhizoma,Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma,Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma,Ganoderma,Scutellariae Radix and Ginkgo Folium,etc.,have antiepileptic effects related to the inhibition of γ-aminobutyric acid receptor,upregulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling pathway and reduction of glutamate-induced excitotoxicity and oxidative stress response.Furthermore,these extracts can regulate ion channels and reduce oxidative damage of neurons.Chinese medicine compounds including Dianxian Qing Granules,Danxing Ningxian Granules,Huoxue Dingxian formulae,etc.,can improve the therapeutic effect on epilepsy through simultaneously regulating excitatory transmitters,apoptosis factors and cytokines.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Epilepsy , Drug Therapy , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phytotherapy
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763574

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Loneliness is a specific risk factor for depressive symptoms and suicidal behavior. The present study examined whether the serum oxytocin level would interact with social support and buffers loneliness and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis activity in drug-naïve patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Twenty-six patients with MDD (male:female = 3:23; mean age, 45.54 ± 12.97 years) were recruited. The 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, UCLA Loneliness Scale and self-reported Measurement of Support Function Questionnaire were administered. Serum oxytocin and cortisol levels were assessed using a commercial immunoassay kits. RESULTS: In MDD patients, a negative association was found between degrees of social support and loneliness (β = −0.39, p = 0.04). The interaction between social support and serum oxytocin level was negatively associated with loneliness (β = −0.50, p = 0.017) and serum cortisol level (β = −0.55, p = 0.020) after adjusting for age. Follow-up analyses showed that the association between higher social support and lower loneliness was observed only in the higher-oxytocin group (r = −0.75, p = 0.003) but not in the lower group (r = −0.19, p = 0.53). The significance remained after further adjusting for sex and depression severity. CONCLUSION: Low oxytocin level is a vulnerability factor for the buffering effect of social support for loneliness and aberrant HPA-axis activity in MDD patients.


Subject(s)
Buffers , Depression , Depressive Disorder, Major , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hydrocortisone , Immunoassay , Loneliness , Oxytocin , Risk Factors
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776495

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Acorus tatarinowii Schott and its active component 5- hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF) on learning and memory and ERK/CREB signal in hippocampus of rats with exercise-induced fatigue.@*METHODS@#SD rats were randomly divided into normal group (A), exercise group (B), exercise + HMF low, middle and high dose treatment group (C, D, E), exercise + acorus tatarinowii Schott low, middle and high dose treatment group (F, G, H), with ten rats in each group. The rats in group C, D and E were treated with HMF at the doses of 0.10, 1.00 and 3.00 mg. kg by ig. The rats in group F, G and H were treated with the extracts of Acorus tatarinowii Schott at the doses of 0.12, 1.20 and 4.80 g. kg by ig. Learning and memory of rats were tested by the method of water maze experiment, and the expression levels of p-ERK1/2 and p-CREB protein in hippocampus of rats were tested by the method of Western blot in the end of the experiment.@*RESULTS@#The escape latencies of E and H groups were lower than those of groups B, C, D, F and G; and the numbers of plateau crossing were more than those of groups B, C, D, F and G and the expression levels of p-ERK1/2, p-CREB protein were higher than those of groups B, C, D, F and G , respectively(P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in the above indexes among groups A, E and H(P>0.05) except that the expression levels of p-ERK2 protein in group E were lower than those in group A and H (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acorus tatarinowii and its active component- HMF can improve the learning and memory of rats with exercise-induced fatigue, and the mechanism is related to the up-regulation of ERK / CREB signal in hippocampus of rats with exercise-induced fatigue.


Subject(s)
Acorus , Chemistry , Animals , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein , Metabolism , Fatigue , Drug Therapy , Furaldehyde , Pharmacology , Hippocampus , Metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Maze Learning , Memory , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical effectiveness of modified laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy by using double-mesh in the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse.METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted in 61 patients with pelvic organ prolapse who received LSC from September 1,2012 to September 30,2017.Among 61 patients,32 cases received modified LSC(modified group)and 29 cases received traditional Y-mesh LSC(traditional group).The intraoperative and postoperative parameters were compared between the two groups and the improvement in subjective symptoms was evaluated by using the simple questionnaire(PFIQ-7)and subjective cure rate was assessed.RESULTS: The difference was of statistical significance in operation time[(127.34+7.88)min vs.(143.28+15.38)min]between the modified group and the traditional group(P0.05).The median follow-up time of 61 patients was 28 months.In the modified group and traditional group,the objective cure rates were 96.86% and 89.65%,respectively.After operation each indicator point was recovered anatomically according to POP-Q,and there was statistical difference compared with before operation.The score of postoperative PFIQ-7 was obviously reduced compared to the preoperative parameter.The subjective cure rates of the modified group and traditional group were 100% and 94.74%,respectively.There was no new complications occurring in the modified group.There were 3 cases of postoperative mesh exposure in the traditional group.The symptoms of urinary incontinence disappeared after TVT-O in both groups.Two new cases of urinary incontinence occured in both groups after surgery.CONCLUSION: Both of the two operations for pelvic organ prolapse are safe and effective.The modified LSC is an alternative surgical option for ptatients with pelvic organ prolapse because of its advantages,such as simpler operation,shorter operation time,and fewer longterm complications.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816335

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical features,diagnosis and treatment plan and clinical outcomes of pregnancy with ovarian cancer.METHODS: Retrospectively analyze the clinical data of 11 pregnant women with ovarian cancer admitted to five hospitals in Dalian from October 2005 to December 2018.RESULTS: The incidence of pregnancy with ovarian cancer was 0.05‰(11/241 770).Among 11 cases of pregnancy with ovarian cancer,7 cases were primary malignant ovarian tumors,of which there was one case without staging during operation,5 cases of stageⅠ,and 1 case of stage ⅢC.The except stage Ⅲ C patient gave up pregnancy,while the other 6 patients chose to terminate pregnancy on the premise of ensuring the survival of the fetus.Four cases were ovarian metastatic tumors,of which 3 were surgically treated,and all4 patients required to retain the fetus and abandon the treatment for malignant tumors.There were 9 neonates,including 4 premature infants,of whom,1 case died 5 minutes after birth and the remaining 8 neonates were healthy.CONCLUSION: The pregnancy with ovarian cancer lacks typical clinical symptoms;the combination of multiple auxiliary examinations is of great significance in the diagnosis of diseases.Diagnosis and staging can be determined according to the intraoperative and postoperative pathological results.We should be alert to metastatic tumors.The individualized treatment plan of the disease should be based on the pregnancy status,the type of tumor pathology and the stage of the tumor,the wishes of the patient and the family.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695703

ABSTRACT

Objective · To assess volume status in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients.Methods · Body composition analysis was performed on 128 MHD patients from Renji Hospital,Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine.The volume status was assessed based on body composition data and predialysis systolic blood pressure (preBPsys),edema grade,brain natriuretic peptide (BNP).Patients were divided into hyperhydrated group (percentage of hydration status,HS%> 15%) or normohydrated group (HS% ≤ 15%).Body composition data were compared,including lean tissue index (LTI) and fat tissue index (FTI).The blood pressure,edema grade,serum calcium,serum phosphate,intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH),hemoglobin,albumin,pre-albumin,hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP),serum sodium,and urea clearance Kt/V were compared between two groups.Results · Sixtynine patients were normohydrated and preBPsys reached target;10 patients were overhydrated with higher preBPsys;18 patients had overhydration but preBPsys was in target range.Compared to normohydraed group,patients in hyperhydmted group had more obvious edema,higher BNP level,significantly lower LTI,serum albumin and pre-albumin levels,while serum sodium was significantly higher (P<0.05).Conclusion· Volume status of hemodialysis patients can be objectively and accurately assessed by body composition analysis using bioimpedance technique with blood pressure,edema grade and biochemical parameters.Hyperhydrated patients may have higher serum sodium level,lower serum albumin,lower hemoglobin,and less lean tissue mass concomitantly.Sodium intake control,nutrition status improvement,and anemia correction may be useful to reduce hyperhydration.

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