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1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 211-214, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879726

ABSTRACT

We performed this study to evaluate the clinical outcomes of microdissection testicular sperm extraction-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (micro-TESE-ICSI) treatment that used fresh or cryopreserved sperm in patients with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). A total of 338 NOA patients with 344 consecutive cycles received treatment in the reproductive medicine center of Peking University Third Hospital in Beijing, China, from January 2014 to December 2017. Fresh oocytes and fresh sperm were used in 222 patients with 234 cycles (Group A). Fresh oocytes and cryopreserved sperm were used in 116 patients with 110 cycles (Group B). We compared patient characteristics, embryonic development, and pregnancy outcomes between Groups A and B. There was no statistical difference in the patient characteristics, and no differences were observed with fertilization or quality embryo rates between Groups A and B. The rates of clinical pregnancy and live birth were both higher for Group A than those for Group B (both P < 0.05). In conclusion, fresh testicular sperm appears to produce better ICSI outcomes than cryopreserved testicular sperm in patients with NOA.

2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 59-63, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879704

ABSTRACT

The aim of our study was to compare the sperm retrieval rates (SRRs) and clinical outcomes of patients with different causes of azoospermia who underwent microdissection testicular sperm extraction-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (micro-TESE-ICSI). We conducted a retrospective study at the Reproductive Medicine Center of Peking University Third Hospital in Beijing, China, from January 2014 to December 2017. This study examined 769 patients with nonobstructive azoospermia who underwent 347 cycles of micro-TESE-ICSI. Patients with azoospermia were classified into Group A (Klinefelter syndrome, n = 284, 125 cycles), Group B (azoospermia Y chromosome factor c [AZFc] microdeletion, n = 91, 64 cycles), Group C (cryptorchidism, n = 52, 39 cycles), Group D (previous mumps and bilateral orchitis, n = 23, 23 cycles), and Group E (idiopathic azoospermia, n = 319, 96 cycles). Clinical characteristics, SRR, embryonic development, and pregnancy outcomes of the patients were compared between all groups. Patients in Group D had the highest and most successful SRR. The average SRR for all patients was 46.0%. The rates of clinical pregnancy, implantation, and live birth in Group D were 78.3%, 65.0%, and 74.0%, respectively, which were higher than those in all other groups (P 0.05). Patients with orchitis had the highest SRR and best clinical outcomes. Although AZFc microdeletion patients had a higher SRR, their clinical outcomes were worse.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2719-2722, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905029

ABSTRACT

N 6 -methyladenosine (m6A) is a chemical modification that exists in a variety of RNAs and is most commonly observed in mRNA. The liver is a vital metabolic and digestive organ in human body, and m6A methylation plays an important role in the physiological and pathological processes of the liver. This article reviews the biological role and potential application value of m6A methylation in liver physiology and liver diseases such as viral hepatitis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, liver fibrosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma, and it is pointed out that m6A methylation can regulate related factors and is involved in the development and progression of liver diseases, which provides new ideas and targets for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes in peripapillary vessel perfusion after uncomplicated phacoemulsification surgery in patients with cataract and primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).Methods:A case-control study. From November 2017 to April 2019, 17 eyes of 17 cases of POAG complicated with cataract (observation group) and 17 eyes of 17 cases of simple senile cataract (control group) were included in the study. All the affected eyes underwent best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), visual field, optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) examination, and measurement of axial length (AL) and central corneal thickness (CCT). All eyes underwent conventional phacoemulsification surgery for cataract. After the operation, the same equipment and methods as before the operation were used for related inspections. The VD, the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), and the IOP were observed before the operation, at the end of the operation, and 1 d, 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after the operation, mean visual field defect (MD) changes 3 months after surgery. Data comparisons within groups used repeated measures analysis of variance; data comparisons between groups used independent samples t test. Results:The average age of patients in the observation group and control group was 68.18±6.13 and 65.82±6.95 years, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant ( t=1.912, P=0.072). There was no significant difference in AL ( t=1.436), CCT ( t=-1.557) and phacoemulsification ( t=1.602) between the two groups ( P>0.05). The difference of the mean IOP was statistically significant between the two groups ( t=4.139, P<0.05). Before surgery, the VD ( t=-6.560) and RNFL thickness ( t=-7.320) of the observation group were lower than those of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Compared with before the operation, the VD around the disc of the eye in both groups increased at the end of the operation and at different time points after the operation. Among them, the observation group had a statistically significant difference at 1 month after the operation of the eye ( F=3.108, P=0.042); the control group had no significant difference at different time points after the operation ( F=1.981, P>0.05). The results of each quadrant analysis showed that only the observation group had a statistically significant difference in the temporal side of the eye one month after surgery ( F=5.414, P=0.017). After surgery, the observation group and the control group had thicker RNFL thickness around the disc of the eye, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=22.670, 23.080; P=0.002, 0.001). Before the operation and 3 months after the operation, the average MD of the eyes of the observation group and the control group were 14.90±7.15, 1.12±0.93 dB and 12.10±7.70, 0.88±0.66 dB, respectively. The average MD before and 3 months after the operation was compared, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=14.414, 13.225; P=0.000, 0.000). Compared with before surgery, there was no statistically significant difference in the average MD of the two groups of eyes at 3 months after surgery ( t=0.938, 0.817; P=0.082, 0.103). At the end of the operation, the intraocular pressure of the observation group and the control group were 10.84±3.39 and 11.46±3.79 mm Hg (1 mm Hg=0.133 kPa), respectively; they were both lower than before the operation, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=-2.211, -2.310; P<0.05). Conclusions:The thickness of VD and RNFL in eyes with POAG combined with cataract is lower than that in patients with senile cataract alone. The high perfusion pressure during conventional phacoemulsification surgery can cause a transient increase in VD, but it will not cause further damage to the visual field of POAG patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 758-763, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the imaging features of colloid carcinoma arising from intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) of pancreas and the differentiation features from ductal adenocarcinoma arising from IPMN, using the pathological findings as the reference.Methods:Twenty-four patients with pathologically confirmed colloid carcinoma from November 2013 to January 2020 in Changhai Hospital, Navy Medical University were included in this study. The clinical manifestations, imaging features and pathological data were retrospective reviewed. Thirty patients of ductal adenocarcinoma arising from IPMN confirmed by pathology were selected as the control group. CT and MRI features of two groups were blindly analyzed by two radiologists, including the lesions location, type of IPMN, size, components, density or signal, calcification, dilation and size of the main pancreatic duct (MPD), pancreatic parenchymal atrophy, fistula formation. The χ 2 test or Fisher exact probability was used to compare the imaging features between the two groups. Results:As for IPMN with colloid carcinoma, 16 cases were located in the head of the pancreas, 7 cases in the body and tail of the pancreas, and 1 case showed diffused changes of the pancreas. Mass was found in twenty-two cases, with the size of 54.5 (29) mm. Nineteen cases were solid-cystic, 4 were cystic and 1 was solid. Thick wall and internal separation with mild enhancement were displayed. Five cases were found with high signal on T 1WI. Thirteen cases had calcification and 2 cases had gas in the tumor. The size of MPD was (13±5) mm. Pancreatic parenchymal atrophy was found in 21 cases and fistula formation was found in 8 cases. The mass size of IPMN with colloid carcinoma was significantly greater than that of IPMN with ductal adenocarcinoma [31 (16) mm, Z=-3.758, P<0.001]. Solid-cystic mass was more found in IPMN with colloid carcinoma and solid mass was more found in IPMN with ductal adenocarcinoma ( P<0.001). Calcification ( P=0.001), fistula formation ( P=0.031), and high signal on T 1WI ( P=0.034) were more found in IPMN with colloid carcinoma than IPMN with ductal adenocarcinoma. Conclusion:Compared with IPMN with ductal adenocarcinoma, the solid-cystic mass, calcification, fistula formation and high signal on T 1WI were more commonly found in IPMN with colloid carcinoma.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 510-515,C8-1, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910199

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics and risk factors of rheumatic diseases complicated with Pneumomediastinum (PnM).Methods:A retrospective analysis of 94 inpatients with rheumatic diseases associated PnM from Peking Union Medical College Hospital and Shanxi Bethune Hospital between January 1998 and October 2018 was carried out. Patients were divided into idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) and the non-IIM group. Clinical features, laboratory examinations and treatment were compared between the two groups. Cox proportional hazard model was used to investigate the risk factors for prognosis.Results:A total of 94 patients were included in the study, with an average age of (45±14) years. Forty-five (48%) of them were male. There were 62 patients in the IIM group and the other 32 were in the non-IIM group. Sixty-nine patients had predisposing factors before PnM. Severe cough and assisted mechanical ventilation were the most common causes. Compared with the non-IIM group, the incidence of digital vasculitis (29% vs 6%, χ2=6.540, P=0.008), arthritis (60% vs 28%, χ2=8.409, P=0.004), interstitial lung disease (ILD)(98% vs 78%, χ2=11.129, P=0.002) were higher in the IIM group, treatment with cyclophosphamide was higher in the IIM group ( χ2=4.458, P=0.035). There was non-significant difference in mortality between the two groups during hospitalization (50% vs 59%) and 6 months after PnM (64% vs72%) ( P>0.05). Pulmonary infection was the only risk factor for poor prognosis [ HR=3.131, 95% CI (1.025, 9.561), P=0.045], in which bacteria infection was the most common cause (65/75, 86.7%). Conclusion:PnM is a severe complication of rheumatic diseases. To get a good prognosis, rheumatol-ogists should balance the benefit and risk of infection of immunosuppressive therapy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908794

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical and pathological features and gene mutations of pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma (PACC).Methods:Clinical data of 34 patients with PACC admitted to the Department of Pancreatic Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University from December 2009 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed to summarize its clinical characteristics, and the expressions of α1-ACT, CaM5.2, Syn and CgA in pancreatic tumor tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry. Next-generation gene sequencing technology was used to detect gene mutations in tumor specimens.Results:Among the 34 PACC patients, 23(68%) were males and 11(32%) were females; the age ranged from 25 to 75 years, with an average age of 54 years. The first symptom was abdominal pain or distension in 21 cases (62%), skin or scleral yellow staining in 4 cases(12%), and 9 cases(26%) were found in routine physical examination. BMI was 17.6-34.0 kg/m 2, of which 3 cases (9%) were <18.5 kg/m 2, 23 cases (68%) were 18.5-24.0 kg/m 2, and 8 cases (23%) were >24.0 kg/m 2. Preoperative examination showed elevated CA19-9 in 7 cases (20.6%), elevated CEA in 3 cases (8.8%), and elevated AFP in 7 cases (20.6%). Blood amylase was 16-247 U/L, with an average of 80 U/L. Enhanced CT showed that the lesion was irregular in shape, showing inhomogeneity and slightly low density, with areas of cystic degeneration and necrosis. The tumor was located in the head of the pancreas in 14 cases (41%), the body and tail of the pancreas in 19 cases (56%), and the neck of the pancreas in 1 case (3%). The largest tumor diameter was 1.5-15.5 cm, with an average of 5.4 cm. Postoperative pathologic stage I was confirmed in 4 cases (12%), stage Ⅱ in 14 cases (41%), stage Ⅲ in 14 cases (41%) and stage Ⅳ in 2 cases (6%). Immunohistochemical results showed that both α1-ACT and CaM5.2 were positively expressed (100%). Syn was positive in 8 cases (23.5%) and CgA was positive in 6 cases (17.6%). Ki-67 index was from 9% to 70%, with an average of 41%. Gene sequencing of pancreatic tumor tissue from 6 patients showed BRCA2 mutation in 2 patients (7155C>G), K-ras mutation in 1 patient (35G>T), RET mutation in 1 patient (200G>A), and LKB1 mutation (234G>T) in 1 patient, and one double mutation of K-ras and RET (35G>A, 1 798C>T). 30 patients were followed up, and the median survival was 38.3 months. Conclusions:PACC was a rare pancreatic tumor with no specific clinical manifestations. The positive expression rates of α1-ACT and CAM5.2 in tumor tissues were 100%. BRCA2, K-ras, RET and LKB1 were common gene mutations.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908470

ABSTRACT

The particularity of pancreatic anatomical location, the complexity of secretory function, and the diversity of pathology lead to complex imaging findings of pancreatic tumors. The common pancreatic tumors include pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, solid pseudopaillary neo-plasm, neuroendocrine neoplasm, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm, serous cystadenoma and mucinous cystic neoplasm. Atypical imaging findings are important reasons for misdiagnosis. Based on relevant clinical experiences, the authors analyze and summarize the atypical imaging findings of six kinds of common pancreatic tumors, aiming to improve radiologists and clinicians comprehensive understanding of pancreatic tumors.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908134

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of competency-based diversified training on the bedside nursing comprehensive ability aand transition shock of newly recruited nurses.Methods:A total of 62 newly recruited nurses from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University in June 2018 were selected as the control group, and 70 newly recruited nurses from June 2019 were selected as the experimental group by cluster sampling. The control group received routine pre-job training, and the experimental group received diversified training based on the control group. After one year of training, the differences in the scores of bedside nursing comprehensive ability, post competency and transition shock between the two groups of nurses were analyzed.Results:After 1 year of training, the total scores and the scores of nursing problems, nursing evaluation, nursing plan, nursing theory, nursing operation and bedside nursing comprehensive ability in the experimental group were 12.20±1.76, 24.29±2.38, 13.54±1.88, 9.77±1.35, 15.14±2.30 and 79.24±6.59, which were all higher than those of the control group (10.26±1.55,22.31±1.84,10.45±1.58, 8.56±1.80, 13.27±2.38 and 69.82±4.09), the differences were statistically significant ( t value was 4.582-13.679, P<0.05). The total scores and the scores of each dimension of the Post-competency the experimental group were 31.46 ±4.32, 51.03± 4.64, 20.27± 3.78, 17.86±3.99, 58.43± 4.44, 179.37±9.97, which were all higher than those of the control group 24.76±4.12, 40.56±5.55, 16.61±2.88, 15.15± 2.96, 49.74±3.07, 146.66±17.98, the differences were statistically significant ( t value was 4.466-13.197, P<0.05). The scores of psychological knowledge, skills, social culture and development and the total scores of Transition shock in the experimental group were 30.90±3.15, 19.69±2.74, 32.17±3.06, 103.81±12.24, which were all higher than those in the control group (25.69±2.76, 15.92±3.24, 27.50±4.15, 88.32±11.54), the differences were statistically significant ( t value was 7.237-10.040, P<0.05). Conclusions:competency-based diversified training can effectively improve the bedside nursing comprehensive ability and post competency, reduce their transition shock, and has strong clinical reference significance.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887144

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the stability of severe acute respiratory syrdrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) in cell cultures at different temperatures so as to provide basic data and scientific basis for the research and control of COVID-19 epidemic. Methods:The Vero E6 cells inoculated with SARS-CoV-2. According to TCID50, SARS-CoV-2 with different dilution (10-1, 10-3, 10-5, 10-6)were stored at 37 °C, 22.5 °C, and 4 °C for one to seven days, and then infectious titer was determined by micro cytopathogenic effect assay, observing cytopathic effect (CPE), and real-time fluorescence quantitative testing. Results:SARS-CoV-2 was stable under 4 °C. The infectivity of high concentration (10-1 dilution) under 22.5 °C for seven days gradually decreased, while lower concentration completely lost infectivity after one day. The virus lost infectivity when stored at 37 °C for more than one day. Conclusion:SARS-CoV-2 is highly stable at 4 °C, sensitive to heat, and related to virus concentration.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885796

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility and safety of total aortic arch surgery under mild hypothermicvia single upper hemisternotomy approach.Methods:From January 2019 to July 2019, 35 patients(31 male and 4 female) with Stanford A type aortic dissection were diagnosed, who were(43.7±5.7)years old. Aortic arch surgeries were carried out under mild hypothermic via single upper hemisternotomy approach and the perioperative mortality, time of cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB), aortic cross clamp(ACC), circulation arrest(CA) and morbidity of neurological dysfunction were respectively were recorded.Results:All patients were finished aortic arch surgery under mild hypothermic single upper hemisternotomy approach, with 8.6% of mortality(3 patients died perioperation). The time of CPB, ACC and CA were respectively(202±53)min, (128±28)min and(8±3)min. There were 6 cases of transient neurological dysfunction(17.1%) and 1 case of permanent neurological dysfunction(2.9%).Conclusion:Aortic arch surgery under mild hypothermic for Standford A dissectionvia single upper hemisternotomy approach is safe and feasible.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 38-42, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884955

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of real-time transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) during seminal vesiculoscopy in infertile men with azoospermia or oligoasthenospermia.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 25 cases of azoospermia or oligoasthenospermia due to ejaculate ducts obstruction who were treated with real-time transrectal ultrasound-guided seminal vesiculoscopy between September 2011 and December 2015. Patients’ age was(29.4±4.5) years. All patients accepted semen analysis, serum sex hormone, MRI, TRUS and then diagnosed as obstructive azoospermia, and 13 cases had intractable obstructive azoospermia or oligoasthenospermia after the failure of simple seminal vesiculoscopy(the path to the ejaculatory duct and seminal vesicle couldn’t be found). All patients were treated with seminal vesiculoscopy under real-time guidance with TRUS. We assessed the success rate of surgery, surgical time and complications.Results:The scope was successfully inserted into the seminal vesicle in 21 of the 25 cases (success rate, 84%). The median operative time was 75(31, 148) min. None of the patients developed severe complications. Among 4 failure cases (4/25, 16%), 1 was due to abnormal congenital development. In 2 cases, a clear outlet of the dual ejaculatory duct could not be found after it was inserted into the prostatic utricle. One case was considered as a Müllerian tubular cyst, and the seminal vesicle scope was used to assess the cystic side wall. The 21 patients were followed up for 3 to 6 months, semen volume 2.0(0-5.2)ml, total sperm 28(0-832) ×10 6/ejaculate, sperm density 5.6(0-110.3)×10 6/ml, mobility rate of sperm 5.4%(0-63.6%), and the differences were significant as compared to that before the surgery [semen volume 0.4(0-2.8)ml, total sperm 0(0-342)×10 6/ejaculate, sperm density 0(0-90.7)×10 6/ml, mobility rate of sperm 0(0-24.1%), all P<0.05]. Among the 17 patients who underwent follow-up of 5 to 9 years, 3 patients was conceived naturally and 9 patients’ postoperative sperm quality has improved and pregnancy in vitro fertilization by extracting sperm from semen. Conclusions:Intraoperative real-time transrectal ultrasound guidance can improved the success rate of seminal vesiculoscopy and promoted operative safety.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882832

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the expression of E-cadherin in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) induced by transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) in neuroblastoma.Methods:TGF-β1(1 μg/L, 5 μg/L, 10 μg/L), was applied to SK-N-SH cells in vitro compared with the blank control group.EMT-related genes mRNA and protein expression were detected by carrying out real-time PCR assays and Western blot.A scratch test and migration assay were performed to verify the alteration of SK-N-SH cell migration capacity.Data collected from 18 cases of neuroblastoma patients were selected from the Department of Hematology Oncology, Shanghai Children′s Hospital from January 2008 to December 2012.The expression of E-cadherin in the tumor tissue of the neuroblastoma patients after operation was detected by immunohistochemistry.The clinical features and survival prognosis of these patients were analyzed. Results:Compared with the control group, after SK-N-SH cells were treated with TGF-β1(1 μg/L, 5 μg/L, 10 μg/L), real-time PCR assays and Western blot revealed that the mRNA(0.603±0.081, 0.606±0.008, 0.716±0.166 vs.1.000) and protein expression levels(0.855±0.026, 0.600±0.017, 0.495±0.011 vs.1.000) of E-cadherin were significantly decreased ( F=8.144, P=0.040; F=74.810, P<0.001), while the mRNA(2.132±0.167, 3.494±0.017, 4.184±0.021 vs.1.000) and protein expression levels (1.175±0.053, 1.189±0.058, 1.225±0.106 vs.1.000)of α - smooth muscle actin were significantly increased ( F=547.300, P<0.001; F=68.810, P=0.007), suggesting that EMT changes occur in cells.Scratch test and Transwell migration assay revealed that the number of migrating cells increased obvious with the treatment of TGF-β1 (5 μg/L) ( t=16.070, P=0.040). The 10-year overall survival(OS) rates of neuroblastoma patients with E-cadherin strong positive expression, positive expression, weak positive expression and negative expression in the pathology were (77.78±13.86)%, (75.00±21.66)%, (25.00±21.65)% and 0, respectively ( F=8.160, P=0.040). Conclusions:TGF-β1 can induce the EMT in SK-N-SH cells and increase cell migration.The decrease expression of E-cadherin in neuroblastoma patients is closely associated with clinical progress and recurrence or metastasis of the disease.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922413

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the long-term effect of active parenteral nutrition support regimen in preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks.@*METHODS@#According to the different doses of fat emulsion and amino acids used in the early stage, the preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks, who were admitted to the hospital within 24 hours after birth from May to December 2019, were divided into an active parenteral nutrition group and a conventional parenteral nutrition group (@*RESULTS@#At the age of 6 months, the active parenteral nutrition group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks, an active parenteral nutrition support strategy with high doses of fat emulsion and amino acids within 24 hours after birth can improve their long-term neurodevelopment.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Parenteral Nutrition , Parenteral Nutrition, Total
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922405

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To systematically evaluate the effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue (GnRHa) treatment on the final adult height of children over 6 years of age with central precocious puberty (CPP) or early and fast puberty (EFP).@*METHODS@#PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, and Wanfang Data were searched for related articles on GnRHa treatment for children with CPP or EFP. Stata 12.0 software was used to perform a Meta analysis of related data.@*RESULTS@#A total of 10 studies were included, and the total sample size was 720 children, with 475 children in the GnRHa treatment group and 245 children in the control group. The Meta analysis showed that compared with the control group, the GnRHa treatment group had significantly better final adult height (@*CONCLUSIONS@#GnRHa treatment is safe and effective in improving the final adult height of children over 6 years of age with CPP or EFP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Body Height , Child , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Humans , Puberty , Puberty, Precocious/drug therapy
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880793

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of miR-324-5p on the proliferation of rat glomerular mesangial (HBZY-1) cells and the role of Syk/Ras/c-fos signaling pathway in mediating this effect.@*METHODS@#HBZY-1 cells cultured in vitro were transiently transfected with miR-324-5p mimics or miR-324-5p-mimics-NC followed by treatment with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). MTT assay was used to detect the proliferation activity of HBZY-1 cells, and RT-qPCR was used to detect the expressions of miR-324-5p and the mRNA expressions of Syk, Ras, MEK1/2, ERK1/2 and c-fos mRNA. The protein expressions of p-Syk, Ras, p-MEK1/2, p-ERK1/2 and c-Fos were detected by Western blotting and immunofluorescence assay.@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that exposure to LPS significantly enhanced the proliferative activity of HBZY-1 cells. Compared with the cells treated with LPS and LPS + mimics NC, the cells transfected with miR-324-5p mimics prior to LPS exposure exhibited significantly lowered proliferative activity. Transfection with miR-324-5p mimics significantly lowered the mRNA expressions of Syk, Ras, MEK1/2, ERK1/2 and c-fos and the protein expressions of p-Syk, Ras, MEK1/2, ERK1/2 and c-Fos (@*CONCLUSIONS@#miR-324-5p can inhibit the proliferation of rat chronic glomerulonephritis cells induced by LPS by inhibiting Syk/Ras/c-fos signaling pathway and may potentially serve as a diagnostic indicator and a therapeutic target for chronic glomerulonephritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Lipopolysaccharides , Mesangial Cells , MicroRNAs/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Rats , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Signal Transduction , ras Proteins
17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 131-136, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787664

ABSTRACT

To compare the short-term and long-term results of thoracoscopic and open pneumonectomy for non-small cell lung cancer. The clinical data of patients with non-small cell lung cancer who underwent pneumonectomy in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Qingdao University Hospital from January 2008 to December 2016 were collected. Totally 142 patients (55 in the thoracoscopic group and 87 in the open group) were included in the study. A total of 29 pairs of patients were successfully matched by propensity score matching (PSM). Perioperative outcomes and overall survival were compared between the two groups using test, χ(2) test, Kaplan-Meier curve and Log-rank test, respectively. Camparion with open group, the thoracoscopic group had longer operative time ((209.7±70.2) minutes . (171.3±43.5) minutes, 2.50, 0.02), more mediastinal lymph node dissection ((): 17(9) . 11(10), =388, 0.02) and shorter postoperative hospital stay (7.0(3.5) . 9.0(3.0), =285, 0.03). There was no significant difference in estimated blood loss, postoperative drainage time, dissected lymph node number, dissected lymph node station and perioperative complications. After PSM, there were no signifificant differences found in 3-year survival (71.4% . 48.1%, 0.10) and 3-year disease-free survival (67.4% . 47.2%, 0.13) between the two groups. Thoracoscopic pneumonectomy is safe and feasible for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer with more mediastinal lymph node dissection and accelerating recovery, and equivalent long-term prognosis when compared with open approach.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872436

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical effect of acupoint sticking therapy with Mian Tan Gao (facial paralysis paste) plus electroacupuncture (EA) for treating peripheral facial paralysis and its influence on patients' facial nerve functions, facial disability index and clinical symptoms and signs. Methods: A total of 96 peripheral facial paralysis patients were allocated into an observation group, a medicine group and an EA group by simple randomization, with 32 cases in each group. Patients in the medicine group were treated with oral mecobalamine and prednisone acetate; patients in the EA group were treated with EA on the basis of the medicine treatment; while patients in the observation group were treated with acupoint sticking therapy with Mian Tan Gao (facial paralysis paste) plus EA. After 4-week treatment, the clinical efficacy, the adverse events, and the scores of House-Brackmann (H-B) facial nerve function grading scale, visual analog scale (VAS), clinical symptoms and signs, and facial disability index (FDI) were compared. Results: After 4-week treatment, the total effective rate was 96.9% in the observation group, higher than 68.7% in the medicine group and 75.0% in the EA group (both P<0.05). After 4-week treatment, the scores of H-B grading scale, VAS and clinical symptoms and signs in the three groups dropped significantly compared with those before treatment, and the scores in the observation group were lower than those in the medicine group and EA group (all P<0.05). After 4-week treatment, the facial disability index-physical function (FDIP) in the FDI in the three groups increased significantly, with a higher value in the observation group compared with that in the medicine group and EA group (both P<0.05). The facial disability index-social function (FDIS) in the FDI dropped significantly, with a lower score in the observation group compared with that in the medicine group and EA group (both P<0.05). However, the comparisons of the items above between the medicine group and the EA group showed no statistical significance (all P>0.05). The between-group comparison of the adverse event across the three groups showed no statistical significance (P>0.05). Conclusion: Acupoint sticking therapy with Mian Tan Gao (facial paralysis paste) plus EA can decrease H-B grade, reduce pain severity and improve clinical symptoms and signs as well as the facial disability condition in peripheral facial paralysis patients. This method produced more significant efficacy compared with oral medicine and medicine plus EA.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872069

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a scientific research performance evaluation index system for specialized hospitals based on disciplinary development.Methods:Building a preliminary evaluation index framework of scientific research performance through literature review and expert consultation meetings, combined with the strategic goals of strengthening specialization and weakening generalization; Delphi method was adopted to conduct two rounds questionnaires survey to collect the importance scores for each index, which confirmed the content of the index system; finally, applied the analytic hierarchy process to calculate the weight coefficient of each index.Results:The responding rates of the two rounds questionnaire survey reached 95%, and the authoritative coefficients were 0.75 and 0.76, respectively. The research results were reliable. The coordination coefficients of all levels of the two surveys were greater than 0.1, according to the significance testing, the P values were less than 0.05, and the expert opinions were well coordinated. Finally, we developed a three-level scientific research performance evaluation system under the guidance of disciplinary development, which including 3 first-level indicators, 20 second-level indicators, as well as 56 third-level indicators. Conclusions:A scientific research performance evaluation system was constructed based on scientific theories. This system combined relevant indicators, such as the development of special disciplinary of specialized hospitals with scientific validity and operability. Besides, it could serve as a tool to evaluate the scientific research performance of specialized hospitals taking into account of the practical application value for guiding scientific research development and disciplinary improvement.

20.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 961-971, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826745

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to obtain the first national estimate of the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Chinese children. We targeted the population of 6 to 12-year-old children for this prevalence study by multistage convenient cluster sampling. The Modified Chinese Autism Spectrum Rating Scale was used for the screening process. Of the target population of 142,086 children, 88.5% (n = 125,806) participated in the study. A total of 363 children were confirmed as having ASD. The observed ASD prevalence rate was 0.29% (95% CI: 0.26%-0.32%) for the overall population. After adjustment for response rates, the estimated number of ASD cases was 867 in the target population sample, thereby achieving an estimated prevalence of 0.70% (95% CI: 0.64%-0.74%). The prevalence was significantly higher in boys than in girls (0.95%; 95% CI: 0.87%-1.02% versus 0.30%; 95% CI: 0.26%-0.34%; P < 0.001). Of the 363 confirmed ASD cases, 43.3% were newly diagnosed, and most of those (90.4%) were attending regular schools, and 68.8% of the children with ASD had at least one neuropsychiatric comorbidity. Our findings provide reliable data on the estimated ASD prevalence and comorbidities in Chinese children.

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