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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888346

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the changes of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and nerve function in patients with spinal tuberculosis before and after surgery, explore the timing of surgical intervention, and evaluate its influence on surgical safety.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on 387 patients with spinal tuberculosis who received surgical treatment from March 2012 to March 2017, including 278 males and 109 females, aged 12 to 86 years old with an average of (49.9±19.1) years. There were 64 cases of cervical tuberculosis, 86 cases of thoracic tuberculosis, 76 cases of thoracolumbar tuberculosis and 161 cases of lumbar tuberculosis. There were 297 patients with single segmental involvementand 90 patients with multiple segmental involvement. Among them, 62 cases presented neurological damage, and preoperative spinal cord neurological function depended on ASIA grade, 5 cases of grade A, 8 cases of grade B, 39 cases of grade C, and 10 cases of grade D. According to the duration of preoperative antituberculosis treatment, the patients were divided into group A (256 cases, receiving conventional quadruple antituberculosis treatment for 2-4 weeks before surgery) and group B (131 cases, receiving conventional quadruple antituberculosis treatment for more than 4 weeks before surgery). The two groups were compared in terms of gender, age, preoperative complicated pulmonary tuberculosis, lesion site, lesion scope, surgical approach, drug resistance and other general clinical characteristics. ESR, CRP, visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Frankel grade and postoperative complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#All 387 patients were followed up for 12 to 36 (18.3±4.5) months. There were no significant differences in gender, age, preoperative pulmonary tuberculosis, lesion site, lesion range, surgical approach, preoperative drug resistance and other characteristics between two groups. A total of 32 patients in two groups did not heal after surgery, with an incidence rate of 8.27%. The VAS and spinal cord dysfunction index of the two groups were significantly improved after surgery (@*CONCLUSION@#After 2-4 weeks of anti tuberculosis treatment before operation, patients with spinal tuberculosis could be operated upon with ESR and CRP in a descending or stable period. In principle, patients with spinal tuberculosis and paraplegia should be treated as soon as possible after active preoperative management of the complication without emergency surgery.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Sedimentation , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Tuberculosis, Spinal/surgery , Young Adult
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905905

ABSTRACT

Objective:According to the GB/T 15000.3-2008, to develop a fucosterol certified reference material based on the project approved by Standardization Administration. Method:Fucosterol was isolated from <italic>Laminaria japonica</italic> dried thallus via 95% ethanol extraction, vacuum concentration, repeated column chromatography separation, recrystallization in petroleum ether-ethyl acetate, and residual solvent removal. Its chemical structure was identified by elemental analysis (EA), infrared spectrum (IR), mass spectrometry (MS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Its homogeneity, stability, and cooperative certification conducted by 8 laboratories were carried out by high performance liquid chromatography with evaporative light scattering detector. Result:For the fucosterol reference material, the certified value of purity was 99.54% with expanded uncertainty of 0.16% in confidence interval of 95%, the stability was good within 24 months storage period at 2-4 ℃, which met the technical requirements of reference material and passed the acceptance organized by Standardization Administration. Conclusion:The national standard materials of fucosterol has been successfully developed, which can be used for the determination of this component, the evaluation of detection methods, and the detection and quality control of related products.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888159

ABSTRACT

Wangbi Tablets are widely used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, knee osteoarthritis and other diseases at pre-sent. Long-term clinical application and research have shown that this drug has a good effect in reducing the pain of related diseases and improving symptoms. Due to the lack of guidance in the instructions and currently no relevant norms to guide the clinical application of Wangbi Tablets, in order to further improve clinicians' understanding of the drug and fully tap the clinical advantages of the drug, the Professional Committee of Orthopedics and Traumatology Drug Research of China Association of Chinese Medicine organized experts in the fields of rheumatism, orthopedics, pharmacy and methodology in Chinese and western medicine to develop expert consensus on Chinese patent medicines in accordance with the relevant requirements of the consensus methodology. Based on full consideration of clinical research evidence and expert experience, the clinical issues were summarized in the consensus, and for those clinical problems supported by evidences, the internationally recognized recommendation evaluation and formulation method GRADE was used to evaluate the evidence and form recommendations; for those clinical issues not supported by evidences, a consensus was reached through the nominal group method to form consensus recommendations. The consensus adopted a concise and clear format to form re-commendations or reach consensus suggestions on the medication regimen, medication characteristics, intervention timing, usage and dosage, course of use and safety issues for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and knee osteoarthritis with Wangbi Tablets. It is suggested that its application will better improve the efficacy of Wangbi Tablets in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and knee osteoarthritis, at the same time provide a reference for clinicians to use Wangbi Tablets in a standardized, reasonable and safe manner.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy , Tablets
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879409

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effects of three different methods of binding multi-fold rib graft, iliac bone graft and titanium mesh graft in tuberculosis of thoracic vertebra by approach of transverse rib process.@*METHODS@#A hundred and seven patients with tuberculosis of thoracic vertebra received surgical treatment from January 2010 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into three groups according different methods of bone graft. The surgical approach of the transverse rib process was used in all 107 patients, after thoroughly remove the necrotic tissue of tuberculosis, three different bone grafts were used respectively including iliac bone graft (36 cases, group A), binding multi-fold rib graft (35 cases, group B), titanium mesh bone graft (36 cases, group C). Perioperative indexes, the time required for bone graft during operation, intraoperation blood loss, the loss rate of the anterior edge of the lesion, Cobb angle, postoperative bone graft fusion time, spinal nerve recovery and Oswestry Disability Index were compared among three groups.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for 13 to 24 months, and the operation time required for bone graft was (23.2±4.1) min in group A, (23.8± 4.4)min in group B, and (25.5±4.2) min in group C, with no statistically significant difference among three groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The approach of transverse rib process for debridement of lesions can effectively treat tuberculosis of thoracic vertebra by binding multi-fold rib graft, iliac bone graft and titanium mesh graft, but binding multi-fold rib graft can effectively avoid iliac bone donor complications, and is an effective alternative to iliac bone graft, which is worth popularizing.


Subject(s)
Bone Transplantation , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Retrospective Studies , Ribs/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Surgical Mesh , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Titanium , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis, Spinal/surgery
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787704

ABSTRACT

To understand the status of child health services by primary medical institutions in less developed areas in Sichuan province and provide evidence for the development of health policy for poverty alleviation. Annual child health records in the primary medical institutions selected through multistage stratified sampling in 21 prefectures in Sichuan were extracted during 2014-2018. Field survey and telephone interview were used to evaluate the performance of child health services provided and the child guardian's satisfaction degree. Sample descriptive statistics, pair sample -test, (2) test, trend (2) test, Pearson correlation analysis were used for statistical analysis. Except child system management rate, the other indicators reflecting the status of child health service in less developed areas in Sichuan were on rise (<0.05), and close to average level of whole province in 2018. Except child system management rate, the other indicators reflecting the status of child health management in less developed counties were lower than those in developed counties in Sichuan, most differences were significant (<0.05). Except child health management rate of traditional Chinese medicine, the other indicators reflecting the status of child health management in less developed counties were higher than those in poverty-stricken counties in Sichuan, most differences were not significant (≥0.05). Except child systematic management rate, the gap in indicators reflecting child health service status between less developed area and developed area was in reduction, some difference were significant (<0.05). The child guardian satisfaction degree was associated with true child health management rates (=0.947, =0.015), and child health management rate of traditional Chinese medicine (=0.996, <0.001). Some achievements have been made in child health services provided by primary medical institutions in less developed areas in Sichuan. To achieve the 2020 poverty alleviation goal, it is necessary to take measures to increase input and improve service level.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905421

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Dredging Correcting Manipulation on cblC methylmalonic aciduria (MMA). Methods:From October, 2017 to October, 2018, 72 children with cblC MMA combined with growth retardation were divided into control group (n = 36) and experimental group (n = 36) according to the consent of their parents. The control group accepted routine medicine, and the experimental group received Dredging Correcting Manipulation in addition. The Griffiths Development Scale-Chinese version (GDS-C) was used to evaluate the two groups before and after treatment. At the same time, body length, body mass and head circumference were measured. Results:Six cases in the control group and five cases in the experimental group were dropped out. There was no significant difference in the development quotients of GDS-C in gross movement, personal and social, hearing and speech, hand-eye coordination, operation and total quotient between two groups before treatment (P > 0.05). After treatment, all the development quotients increased in both groups (t > 6.110, P < 0.001), and the development quotients of GDS-C in gross movement, personal and social, hand-eye coordination and total quotient were higher in the experimental group than in the control group (t > 2.154, P < 0.05), as well as the body length (t = 2.027, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Dredging Correcting Manipulation can promote the neuropsychological and physical development of children with cblC MMA combined with retardation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 707-718, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869017

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical outcomes and complications of oblique lateral interbody fusion combined with bilateral pedicle screw fixation through intermuscular approach and posterior interbody fusion combined with bilateral pedicle screw fixation through intermuscular approach by channel for lumbar spinal stenosis.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on 73 patients who underwent surgical treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis from Jun 2015 to Jun 2017, including 33 males and 40 females. The average age was 66.8±7.94 years (from 39-85 years). These diseases occured at L 3/4 in 5 patients and L 4/5 in 68 patients. Random according to the time of admission, 38 cases were treated with oblique lateral interbody fusion combined with bilateral pedicle screw fixation through intermuscular approach (oblique lateral fusion group), and 35 cases with posterior interbody fusion combined with bilateral pedicle screw fixation through intermuscular approach by channel (posterior fusion group). The clinical results, image data and complications were compared between the two groups. Results:All patients in both groups had operation performed smoothly. The operation time was 99±8.96 min in the oblique lateral fusion group and 96.8±9.57 min in the posterior fusion group, and there was no significant difference between the two groups. The intraoperative bleeding in the oblique lateral fusion group 80±24.72 ml was significantly less than that in the posterior fusion group 261±52.87 ml ( t=9.621, P<0.05). No incision infection occurred after surgery. The VAS score of lumbar incision 72h after operation in the oblique lateral fusion group 1.21±0.55 was significantly less than that in the posterior fusion group 1.70±0.86 ( t=3.723, P=0.028). The follow-up period lasted for 12-24 months, averagely 17.5±2.58 months. There was statistically significant difference between preoperative and postoperative in the two groups, whether it was the area of the foraminal canal or the area of the spinal canal. There wboth the foraminal area and the spinal canal area were enlarged. The intervertebral space height in the two groups recovered significantly after surgery, the difference was statistically significant. But the intervertebral space height were partly lost at the last follow-up, and there was significant difference compared with postoperative. During the follow-up, no pedicle screw loosening, displacement, rupture, or anterior and lateral displacement of cage occurred. The fusion rate was 97.1% in the posterior fusion group and 100% in the oblique lateral fusion group. There was no statistical difference between the two groups.In terms of ODI index: the posterior fusion group recovered from 48.6±6.1 preoperative to 10.2±2.2 at the last follow-up, and the oblique lateral fusion group recovered from 49.0±5.7 preoperative to 9.3±1.8 at the last follow-up. There was statistically difference between last follow-up and preoperative in the two groups. The incidence of complications in the posterior fusion group was 22.86%, and the incidence in the oblique lateral fusion group was 23.68%. There was no significant difference between the two groups. Conclusion:Both the two decompression and fusion methods have achieved good clinical results in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis, with the advantages of less trauma, good stability, fast recovery, and high fusion rate. Compared with posterior decompression and fusion methods, the advantages of OLIF are more obvious, such as less bleeding,lower risk of nerve injury and good indirect decompression of spinal canal. Therefore, the OLIF technique can be a better choice for surgical treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866539

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of ubenimex capsule combined with FOLFOX4 on the expression of Skp2 and p27kipl in patients with primary gastric cancer.Methods:From June 2017 to June 2019, 114 patients with primary gastric cancer who hospitalized in the First People's Hospital of Taizhou were divided into observation group and control group according to the random digital table method, with 57 cases in each group.The control group was treated with FOLFOX4 chemotherapy, and the observation group was treated with ubenimex capsule on the basis of the control group.After three cycles of continuous chemotherapy, the short-term efficacy, the level of immune function index, the expression of Skp2 and p27kipl protein, and the incidence of adverse reactions were compared.Results:The objective remission rate(ORR) and disease control rate(DCR) in the observation group were 77.19%(44/57) and 61.40%(35/57), respectively, which were higher than those in the control group [57.89%(33/57) and 42.11%(24/57)](χ 2=4.842, 4.251, P=0.028, 0.039). After treatment, the levels of CD 3+ , CD 4+ cells and the ratio of CD 4+ /CD 8+ in the observation group were higher than those in the control group, while the level of CD 8+ cells in the observation group was lower than that in the control group, the differences were statistically significant( t=3.803, 4.538, 4.187, 6.042, P=0.000, 0.000, 0.000, 0.000). After treatment, the Skp2 protein level in the observation group was lower than that in the control group, and the p27kipl protein level in the observation groupwas higher than that in the control group, the differences were statistically significant( t=3.971, 4.110, P=0.000, 0.000). During the treatment, the incidences of adverse reactions in the observation group and the control group were 33.33%(19/57) and 24.56%(14/57), respectively, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant(χ 2=1.066, P=0.302). Conclusion:Ubenimex combined with FOLFOX4 can improve the immune function of patients with primary gastric cancer, regulate the expression of Skp2 and p27kipl protein, and has good therapeutic safety, which is worthy of clinical recommendation.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849620

ABSTRACT

The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the cause of a rapidly spreading illness, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), affecting more than seventeen million people around the world. Diagnosis and treatment guidelines for clinicians caring for patients are needed. In the early stage, we have issued "A rapid advice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infected pneumonia (standard version)"; now there are many direct evidences emerged and may change some of previous recommendations and it is ripe for develop an evidence-based guideline. We formed a working group of clinical experts and methodologists. The steering group members proposed 29 questions that are relevant to the management of COVID-19 covering the following areas: chemoprophylaxis, diagnosis, treatments, and discharge management. We searched the literature for direct evidence on the management of COVID-19, and assessed its certainty generated recommendations using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. Recommendations were either strong or weak, or in the form of ungraded consensus-based statement. Finally, we issued 34 statements. Among them, 6 were strong recommendations for, 14 were weak recommendations for, 3 were weak recommendations against and 11 were ungraded consensus-based statement. They covered topics of chemoprophylaxis [including agents and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) agents], diagnosis [including clinical manifestations, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), respiratory tract specimens, IgM and IgG antibody tests, chest computed tomography, chest X-ray, and CT features of asymptomatic infections], treatments [including lopinavir-ritonavir, umifenovir, favipiravir, interferon, remdesivir, combination of antiviral drugs, hydroxychloroquine/chloroquine, interleukin-6 inhibitors, interleukin-1 inhibitors, glucocorticoid, Qingfei Paidu decoction, Lianhua Qingwen granules/capsules, convalescent plasma, lung transplantation, invasive or noninvasive ventilation, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)], and discharge management (including discharge criteria and management plan in patients whose RT-PCR retesting shows SARS-CoV-2 positive after discharge). We also created two figures of these recommendations for the implementation purpose. We hope these recommendations can help support healthcare workers caring for COVID-19 patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847698

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There is no efficient and unified optimal scheme for treating coronary bifurcation diseases. Simple strategies such as drug-eluting stent implantation in the main branch and drug-coated balloon dilation in the sub-branches are mostly adopted. However, direct drug-coated balloon dilation cannot overcome the problem of elastic retraction of vascular wall, and there is still a risk of branch loss in the long term. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of a cutting balloon versus a semi-compliant balloon for predilation of coronary bifurcation lesions. METHODS: From August 2016 to May 2018, 110 patients with coronary bifurcation lesions admitted at Jiaozuo People’s Hospital were selected, including 83 males and 27 females, aged 18-88 years. The patients were randomized into observation and control groups (n=55/group) and received percutaneous coronary intervention. The main branch in the observation group was predilated by a cutting balloon prior to drug-eluting stent implantation, and the sub-branches were predilated by a cutting balloon prior to drug-coated balloon dilation. The main branch in the control group was predilated by a semi-compliant balloon prior to drug-eluting stent implantation, and the sub-branches were predilated by a semi-compliant balloon prior to drug-coated balloon dilation. Immediate postoperative angiography was performed to determine the forward blood flow TIMI grading of main branches and sub-branches and whether vascular dissection occurred. Coronary angiography quantitative analysis was used to detect the reference diameter, minimum inner diameter and stenosis degree of main and sub-branches before, immediately, 6 and 12 months after surgery. Major cardiovascular adverse events within 12 months after surgery were recorded in both groups. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Jiaozuo People’s Hospital. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Immediate postoperative angiography showed that the TIMI level 3 rate of the main branches and sub-branches in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P=0.007, 0.015), the incidence of vascular dissection was lower than that in the control group (P=0.023, 0.012), and the emergency target vessel reconstruction rate was lower than that in the control group (P=0.006, 0.026). (2) The success rate of coronary artery maintenance immediately and at 6 and 12 months after surgery in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (all P < 0.001). (3) The minimum inner diameter of main branches and sub-branches in the observation group was larger than that in the control group immediately and at 6 and 12 months after surgery (all P < 0.01). The degree of inner diameter stenosis was smaller than that in the control group (all P < 0.01). (4) The target vessel restenosis rate of main branch and sub-branches in the observation group was lower than that in the control group within 12 months after surgery (P=0.038, 0.043). The incidence of major cardiovascular adverse events was lower than that in the control group (P=0.025). (5) These results indicate that in coronary bifurcation lesions, drug-eluting stent implantation is suitable for main branch lesions and drug coated balloon is suitable for sub-branch lesion. Cutting balloon predilation is safer and more effective than semi-compliant balloon predilation. Cutting balloon predilation can also reduce the rate of target restenosis and the incidence of major cardiovascular adverse events.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of combined fixation and interbody bone grafting through intermuscular approach with different fusion cages in the treatment of single segment lumbar diseases.@*METHODS@#From June 2014 to December 2016, the clinical data of 123 cases of single segment lumbar diseases were analyzed retrospectively, including 44 males and 79 females, aged 22 to 60 years old, with the diseases course of 6 to 84 months. The disease types involved lumbar disc degeneration in 65 cases, lumbar spinal stenosis in 30 cases, MeyerdingⅠslip in 21 cases, giant lumbar disc herniation in 7 cases. Lesions was L in 5 cases, L in 101 cases, LS in 17 cases. According to the application of different interbody fusion cage, patients were divided into single common cage group, double common cage group and banana type cage group. The operation time, intraoperative hemorrhage, postoperative incision drainage fluid and incision length were observed in three groups; VAS score of lumbar incision and JOA score of preoperative and final follow up were recorded 72 hours after operation;the intervertebral space height, Cobb angle of lumbar coronal and sagittal plane before and after operation, and interbody fusion 12 months after operation were observed by imaging data.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in incision length, operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative drainage volume and VAS score of lumbar incision 72 hours after operation among three groups (>0.05). All cases were followed up for 12 to 36 (23.70±4.52) months. The height of intervertebral space in three groups recovered significantly (banana type fusion cage group>double common fusion cage group. At the last follow-up, the Cobb angle in the coronaland sagittal planes of the three groups were significantly improved (<0.05). During the follow-up, there were 42 cases of fusion cage subsidence, including 26 cases in the single common cage group, 5 cases in the double common cage group, 11 cases in the banana cage group, the difference was statistically significant (<0.05). At 12 months after operation, the interbody fusion rate was 83% in the single common cage group, 95% in the double common cage group and 90% in the banana cage group, the interbody fusion rate in the two common cage group and the banana cage group was better than that in the single common cage group. No obvious degeneration was observed in the adjacent segments. At the last follow-up, the JOA scores of the three groups were statistically significant (<0.05). The incidence of single common fusion cage group was 10%(4 / 42), that of double common fusion cage group was 9%(4 / 43), and that of banana fusion cage group was 10%(4 / 39). There was no significant difference among the three groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Through the intermuscular approach, single pedicle screw and contralateral facet screw were used for fixation, and single common fusion cage, double common fusion cage or banana type fusion cage were used for interbody grafting to treat single segment lumbar disease. Although the application of different fusion cage could not increase the axial strength of fixed segment, the speed of fusion was accelerated by increasing the contact area, and the quality of the fusion cage reduces the settlement of the cage and the loss of the height of the intervertebral space. Therefore, two interbody fusion cages implanted in one side are of positive clinical significance for the fixation of unilateral pedicle screw combined with contralateral facet screw, without prolonging the operation time and increasing the complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , General Surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827481

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Composition of Ophiopogon polysaccharide, Notoginseng total saponins and Rhizoma Coptidis alkaloids (CONR) on myocardial apoptosis of diabetic atherosclerosis (DA) rabbits METHODS: Sixty male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into 6 groups [control group, model group, CONR high-dose group (450 mg/kg), CONR medium-dose group (150 mg/kg), CONR low-dose group (50 mg/kg), and simvastatin group] by using a completely random method, 10 in each group. DA model was established by intravenously injected alloxan combined with high-fat diet and abdominal aortic balloon injury. After mediation for 10 weeks, fasting blood glucose (FBG), glycosylated hemoglobin (GHB), glycosylated serum protein (GSP), fructoseamine (FRA), aldose reductase (AR), advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in serum were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method; the expression of receptor of AGEs (RAGE) in myocardial tissue were observed by immunohistochemical method; and p-Jun N-terminal kinase (p-JNK), caspase-3, B-cell lymphoma-2 (bcl-2) protein expression in myocardial tissue were measured by Western blotting. The myocardial apoptosis was detected by TdT-mediated dUTPnick-end labeling (TUNEL) method, and apoptosis index (AI) was calculated.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, serum FBG, GHB, GSP, FRA, AR, AGEs and the expression of myocardium RAGE, p-JNK, caspase-3 proteins, as well as apoptosis index (AI) were significantly increased and bcl-2 protein was significantly decreased in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the levels of serum FBG, GHB, GSP, FRA and AR showed a significant decline in CONR high- and medium-dose groups (P<0.01). FBG and GHB showed a significant decline in CONR low-dose group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the expression of serum AGEs and myocardium RAGE, p-JNK and caspase-3 protein as well as AI were significantly decreased and bcl-2 protein was significantly up-regulated in all treatment groups (P<0.01); high-dose CONR had the most significant effect on abovementioned indices compared with other treatment groups (P<0.01). Middle-dose CONR had better effect on serum AGEs compared with the low-dose group (P<0.01); middle-dose CONR and simvastatin groups had better effect on the expression of caspase-3, bcl-2 protein, myocardium apoptosis compared with the CONR low-dose group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#CONR may effectively inhibit myocardial apoptosis on DA rabbits by intervening AGEs-RAGE and JNK, caspase-3, and bcl-2 protein expressions.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Animals , Apoptosis , Atherosclerosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Diabetic Angiopathies , Drug Therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Heart , Male , Ophiopogon , Chemistry , Panax notoginseng , Chemistry , Polysaccharides , Pharmacology , Rabbits , Saponins , Pharmacology
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826729

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy of medicinal penetration on acupoint combined with medication for histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (HNL) of heat-toxin syndrome, and to explore the methods of improving the clinical effect.@*METHODS@#A total of 72 cases with HNL with heat-toxin syndrome were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 36 cases in each group. The patients in the control group were treated with oral administration of prednisone tablets for 40 days (first 5 days: 10 mg, three times a day; since then, reduced by 5 mg every 7 days). In the observation group, on the basis of the medication in the control group, the patients were treated with acupoint application and ultrasonic drug penetration therapy, once a day for 14 days. The acupoints of Waiguan (TE 5), Fengchi (GB 20) of affected side and points were selected. The changes of target lymph node swelling, visual analogue score (VAS), axillary temperature and total score of symptoms and signs were evaluated before treatment and 7, 14, 28 and 40 d into treatment; the changes of white blood cell (WBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) were evaluated on 14 d and 40 d into treatment; the patients were followed-up for half a year.@*RESULTS@#① Fourteen days into treatment, the clinical cured rate in the observation group was 38.9% (14/36), which was superior to 16.7% (6/36) in the control group (0.05). ④ The recurrence rate in the observation group was 5.6% (2/36), which was similar to 16.7% (6/36) in the control group (>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The medicinal penetration on acupoint as adjunctive treatment could effectively relieve the discomfort symptoms of HNL patients with syndrome of heat and toxin, improve the clinical cured rate, and provide the research direction for shortening the course of medication.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis , Therapeutics , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prednisone , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873296

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study the chemical structure and morphological features of a polysaccharide BHP-1 isolated and purified from the bulbs of Lilium davidii var. unicolor. Method::Thermogravimetry (TG) and scanning electron microscopy (SEC) was used to determine the thermal characteristics and the surface morphology changes of the polysaccharide BHP-1, respectively. The chemical structure of BHP-1 was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS), partial acid hydrolysis, sodium periodate oxidation-Smith degradation and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Result::The results showed that the backbone of the polysaccharide BHP-1 mainly contained α-(1→4)-linked D-glucopyranosyl and β-(1→4)-linked D-mannopyanosyl, and the branches were probably linked at the O-2 and/or O-3 of the mannosyl and glucosyl residues, with T-α-D-glucopyranosyl as a terminal structure. It was a natural mannoglucose containing a small amount of O-acetyl group. BHP-1 began to degrade at 220 °C, and the degradation ended at 520 ℃, indicating a good thermal stability, smooth surface and a large number of depressions. The depressions were formed by closely interlaced and sunken sheet layers with irregular holes. Conclusion::BHP-1 was a natural mannoglucose with a good thermal stability, smooth surface, a large number of depressions and irregular holes, and contained a small amount of O-acetyl group. Its chemical structure was reported for the first time.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1484-1492, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780247

ABSTRACT

The purpose of current study is to investigate the metabolic profile of a triptolide derivative (5R)-5-hydroxytriptolide in vitro. (5R)-5-Hydroxytriptolide was incubated with the hepatocytes of human, monkey, dog, rat or mouse, respectively. Compared with inactivated hepatocytes, four metabolites were identified in hepatocytes from all five species: oxidative ring-opening metabolite (M1), glutathione-conjugating metabolite (M2), and monooxidative combined with glutathione-conjugating metabolites (M3-1 and M3-2), respectively. In human or rat liver microsomes, seven metabolites of (5R)-5-hydroxytriptolide were found, dehydrogenated metabolite (M4) and monooxidative metabolites (M5-1–M5-6), respectively. Reference standards for the metabolites were obtained either through chemical semisynthesis or biotransformation through rat primary hepatocytes. The structures of five metabolites were confirmed, which were 12,13-epoxy ring-opening metabolite M1, 12-glutathione-conjugating metabolite M2, (16S)-, (2R)- and (19R)-monohydroxylated metabolites M5-1, M5-4, and M5-5, respectively. In vitro activity assay revealed that only (2R)-hydroxylated metabolite exhibited weak immunosuppressive activity with less than one-tenth the activity of its parent drug, and a significant decrease in toxicity was observed. It is suggested that (5R)-5-hydroxytriptolide might undergo metabolic inactivation and detoxification in vivo.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779470

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the causes and epidemiological characteristics of injury in Hunan Province, so as provide scientific basis for the development of intervention measures of injury. Methods The Excel 2007 software and SPSS 18.0 software were used to organize and analyze the injury surveillance system data. Results A total of 107 754 effective cases were collected in three years, and the male-female ratio was 1.65:1. The top three causes of injury were falls(36.0%), motor vehicle accident (20.6%) and sharp knife injury (11.8%). The locations of injuries were mainly roads (30.9%) and homes (28.3%). The top three activities at the time of injury were leisure activities (24.7%), driving (17.6%) and work (16.4%). 93.2% of injury was unintentional injury, and the degree of injury was mainly mild injury (74.3%). Conclusions The number of injuries is increasing year by year. The number of male injuries is more than that of females. Systematic research and intervention measures should focus on falls and motor vehicle accident .

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761939

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the cognition-enhancing effect of Panax ginseng. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted to address the cognition-enhancing effects of Panax ginseng. A total of 90 Korean volunteers with mild cognitive impairment participated in this study. All subjects were allocated randomly into ‘Ginseng’ group or ‘Placebo’ group. All subjects were administered 3g of Panax ginseng powder or starch (placebo) for 6 months. The Korean version of the Mini-Mental Status Examination (K-MMSE), Korean version of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (K-IADL), and Seoul Neuropsychological Screening Battery (SNSB) were used to assess the changes in cognitive function at the end of the 6 month study period. The subjects of the ‘Ginseng’ group improved significantly on the Rey Complex Figure Test (RCFT) immediate recall (P = 0.0405 and P = 0.0342 in per-protocol (PP) and intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis, respectively) and on the RCFT 20-min delayed recall (P = 0.0396 and P = 0.0355 in PP and ITT analysis, respectively) compared with ‘placebo’ group throughout the 6 months of Panax ginseng administration. There were no serious adverse events. These results suggest that Panax ginseng has a cognition-enhancing effect.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Cognition , Mass Screening , Memory, Short-Term , Cognitive Dysfunction , Panax , Seoul , Starch , Volunteers
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761768

ABSTRACT

Toxoplasma gondii can infect humans worldwide, causing serious diseases in pregnant women and immunocompromised individuals. T. gondii rhoptry protein 13 (ROP13) is known as one of the key proteins involved in host cell invasion. In this study, we generated virus-like particles (VLPs) vaccine expressing T. gondii rhoptry ROP13 and investigated VLPs vaccine efficacy in mice. Mice immunized with ROP13 VLPs vaccine elicited significantly higher levels of T. gondii-specific IgG, IgG1, IgG2a, and IgA antibody responses following boost immunization and challenge infection, whereas antibody inductions were insignificant upon prime immunization. Differing immunization routes resulted in differing antibody induction, as intranasal immunization (IN) induced greater antibody responses than intramuscular immunization (IM) after boost and challenge infection. IN immunization induced significantly higher levels of IgG and IgA antibody responses from feces, antibody-secreting cells (ASCs), CD4⁺ T, CD8⁺ T cells and germinal center B cell responses in the spleen compared to IM immunization. Compared to IM immunization, IN immunization resulted in significantly reduced cyst counts in the brain as well as lesser body weight loss, which contributed to better protection. All of the mice immunized through either route survived, whereas all naïve control mice perished. These results indicate that the ROP13 VLPs vaccine could be a potential vaccine candidate against T. gondii infection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibody Formation , Antibody-Producing Cells , Body Weight , Brain , Feces , Female , Germinal Center , Humans , Immunization , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Mice , Pregnant Women , Spleen , T-Lymphocytes , Toxoplasma
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763129

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is one of the most frequent type of B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative disorders and chronic inflammation takes part in the development of CLL. However, there has been no valid immune biomarker to predict the prognosis of untreated CLL patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we analyzed the clinical correlations and prognostic value of albumin-to-fibrinogen ratio (AFR) detected at diagnosis in 191 CLL patients. RESULTS: The cut-off value of AFR was 9.7 calculated by X-tile. Patients who were more than 65 years old were often accompanied by low level of AFR (p < 0.001). Survival analysis showed that patients with low level of AFR had shorter overall survival (OS) than patients with high level of AFR (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis illustrated that AFR had a negative impact on OS (p=0.003) and was independent of parameters involved in CLL international prognostic index and other prognostic markers such as CD38 and ZAP-70. CONCLUSION: These data provide a comprehensive view of AFR and shows that AFR at diagnosis is an adverse prognostic factor in untreated CLL patients.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Diagnosis , Fibrinogen , Humans , Inflammation , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Serum Albumin
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810860

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the cost-utility of different immunization strategies for rabies in China, and to provide a reference for determining the optimal immunization strategy.@*Methods@#The system dynamics model was used to simulate the epidemic of canine rabies and a decision tree model was conducted to analysis different immune strategies. Relevant probabilities were obtained through literature search and on-site investigation. Sensitivity analysis was used to explore the important influenced factors.@*Results@#At baseline, from a social perspective, 70% vaccination of dogs was the optimal strategy compared to current vaccination strategy (43% vaccination in dogs, human category-Ⅱ exposure vaccination/category-Ⅲ exposure vaccination combined with RIG). The total cost was 14 084 354 CNY, and the total utility value was 22 078 616.23 QALYs, and the incremental cost-utility ratio was-62 148 147 CNY/QALY; if human vaccination was considered, 55% vaccination of dogs combined with strategy one was the optimal strategy, its incremental cost-utility ratio was-444 620 557 CNY/QALY. The probability that an injured dog carries rabies virus was the most sensitive parameter. When it was greater than 0.005 03, strategy four was the optimal strategy. When it was less than 82/100 000, strategy one was the optimal strategy; when it was between 82/100 000 and 120/100 000, strategy two was the optimal strategy; when it was between 120/100 000 and 503/100 000, strategy two was the optimal strategy.@*Conclusion@#It was conducive to increase the vaccination coverage of canine for the prevention and control of rabies.

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