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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906397

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the distribution characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes of abnormal uterine bleeding associated with ovulatory dysfunction (AUB-O). Method:A clinical and epidemiological investigation was conducted in 6 688 patients with AUB-O from the provincial, municipal, and county/district hospitals in 29 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities across China to identify the distribution characteristics of their TCM syndromes. Result:The AUB-O patients nationwide were mainly differentiated into the kidney Qi deficiency syndrome (17.34%), the spleen Qi deficiency syndrome (13.25%), the Qi and blood deficiency syndrome (12.62%), the Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome (8.45%), and the kidney Yin deficiency syndrome (6.88%). AUB-O resulted from Qi deficiency, Yin deficiency, and blood deficiency, often involving the kidney, spleen and liver. The analysis of the regional distribution of TCM syndromes in AUB-O patients revealed that kidney Qi deficiency, spleen Qi deficiency, and Qi and blood deficiency were the shared syndromes. However, due to regional discrepancy, the TCM syndrome varied widely from one geographic region to another. The kidney Qi deficiency syndrome was more frequently seen in North China, Northwest China, Southwest China, and East China, but less frequently in central China, Northeast China, and South China. The spleen Qi deficiency syndrome occurred most frequently in central China, while the East China had the highest frequency of Qi and blood deficiency syndrome. The spleen and kidney deficiency syndrome was mostly present in central China, North China, and Southwest China, the Qi deficiency (kidney deficiency) and blood stasis syndrome in Northwest China, South China, and North China, the kidney Yin deficiency syndrome in East China, Northwest China, and Northeast China, the deficiency-heat syndrome in Southwest China and East China, the kidney Yang deficiency syndrome in South China, the liver depression and blood heat syndrome in Northeast China, and the liver depression and spleen deficiency syndrome in central China. The diagnostic criteria for the kidney Qi deficiency, spleen Qi deficiency, Qi and blood deficiency, Qi deficiency and blood stasis, and kidney Yin deficiency syndromes were not significantly different from the previous ones. The distinctive symptoms for the kidney Qi deficiency syndrome were irregular vaginal bleeding, heavy menstrual flow, or shortened menstrual cycle, back soreness and pain, and forgetfulness, while those for the spleen Qi deficiency syndrome mainly included the shortened menstrual cycle, mental fatigue, lack of strength, poor appetite, loose stool, and white tongue coating. The Qi and blood deficiency syndrome were mainly manifested as the shortness of breath, laziness to speak, pale complexion, dizziness, and palpitation. The Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome were mainly judged by the scanty menstrual flow frequently or occasionally accompanied by blood clots, mental fatigue, lack of strength, and dark purple tongue. The ovulatory bleeding, dizziness, tinnitus, vexing heat in chest, palms and soles, and night sweat were the characteristic signs for the kidney Yin deficiency syndrome. Conclusion:There exist certain rules in the geographical distribution of TCM syndromes of AUB-O patients, which has provided a reference for the clinical treatment of AUB-O in accordance with the local conditions.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882956

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the intervention effect of motivational interviews based on timing theory on self-efficacy, negative affect and coping styles of parents with infantile spasms children.Methods:Cluster sampling was used to select 82 parents of infantile spasms hospitalized in the Department of Neurology of a children’s hospital, a three-A hospital from January 2019 to October 2019. They were divided into control group and observation group with 41 cases each according to random number table. The control group received routine health education, and the observation group received five motivational interviews based on timing theory interventions on the basis of routine care. The effect of the intervention was evaluated by General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the Chinese version of Coping Health Inventory for Parents (CHIP) before intervention, on the day of discharge, and 3 months after discharge.Results:Before the intervention, there was no significant difference in the scores of GSES, HADS and CHIP scales between the parents of the two groups ( P>0.05). After intervention, The GSES scores of the observation group on the day of discharge and 3 months after discharge were (19.63±0.87) and (22.58±1.28) points, which were significantly higher than (18.92±0.74) and (19.46±1.25) points of the control group. The difference between both groups was statistically significant ( t values were -3.865, -10.926, P<0.01). HADS-A/HADS-D scores of the observation group on the day of discharge and 3 months after discharge were (12.50±0.82), (10.50±0.87) and (9.78±0.80), (8.63±0.87) points, respectively. The HADS-A/HADS-D scores of the control group on the day of discharge and 3 months after discharge were (12.92±0.74), (11.72±0.99) and (10.23±0.78), (9.38±1.04) points, respectively. The difference was statistically significant ( t values were 2.412-5.764, P<0.05 or 0.01). The observation group scores on CHIP subscales on the day of discharge and 3 months after discharge are higher than the control group, the difference was statistically significant (t values were -7.93--2.490, P<0.05 or 0.01). Conclusions:Motivational interviews based on timing theory can enhance parents’ self-efficacy, improve their negative emotions and family coping styles, and thereby promote the recovery of children.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880180

ABSTRACT

Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has started to erupt in Wuhan since December 2019, and then the cases of COVID-19 increased rapidly, the epidemic situation spreaded to most area of China. Owing to the lack of specific drugs at present, convalescent plasma therapy becomes an alternative treatment. However, the choice of the donor, suitable patients, timing of treatment, administrate dose, the advantages and disadvantages of the treatment are not clear. This article reviews the clinical studies and case reports of convalescent plasma therapy in several previous viral infectious diseases in order to provide clues for the treatment of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Blood Component Transfusion , COVID-19/therapy , China , Communicable Diseases , Humans , Immunization, Passive , Plasma , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880175

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical correlation of expression level changes of miR-181b and miR-194 to the pathogenesis of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), and determine plasma miR-181b and miR-194 as the potential biomarkers for aGVHD.@*METHODS@#The plasma samples were collected from 31 patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) at before HSCT, 15 days after HSCT and onset of aGVHD. The expression levels of miR-181b and miR-194 were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) were used to assess the sensitivity and specificity of miRNA biomarkers for the diagnosis of aGVHD.@*RESULTS@#MiR-181b and miR-194 downregulated after treatment were significantly upregulated in the plasma at onset of aGVHD (P0.05). The expressions of plasma miR-181b and miR-194 collected on day 15 after HSCT were significantly upregulated in the patients with aGVHD in comparison with non-GVHD patients (P<0.05). Moreover, these elevated miRNAs were detected before aGVHD. The AUC of miR-181b predicting aGVHD was 0.91±0.05 (specificity was 0.94, sensitivity was 0.69). The AUC of miR-194 predicting aGVHD was 0.91±0.06 (specificity was 0.94, sensitivity was 0.77).@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-181b and miR-194 may serve as early biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of aGVHD.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Biomarkers , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , MicroRNAs , Transplantation, Homologous
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 33-37, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780557

ABSTRACT

The resistance and dose limitation of tumors is a serious obstacle to cytotoxic drug therapy in the field of medical oncology. Nitric oxide (NO) is a powerful adjuvant for tumor hypersensitivity for traditional chemotherapy and radiation therapy. The concentration of NO plays an important role in affecting its anti-tumor effect. This review summarizes the mechanism of concentration-dependent effects of NO on tumor cells and the mechanism of chemotherapy sensitization. It provides evidence for rational use of NO to exert anti-tumor effects, and overcoming multidrug resistance and anti-tumor drug development.

6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1123-1126, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827152

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of unrelated umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) in the treatment of Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 5 children with JMML who were treated with unrelated UCBT from October 2011 to July 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The age of onset for the five children (male) ranged from 0.4 to 5.0 years old, with a median age of 1.5 years old. All the patients received myeloablative conditioning regimen without ATG to whom cyclosporine A (CsA) with short-term mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) was given for GVHD prophylaxis.@*RESULTS@#Four children acquired engraftment. One patient received secondary haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation because of the failure in the first unrelated UCBT. Grade Ⅲ to Ⅳ aGVHD occurred in 2 cases and was controlled, and none of the patients developed cGVHD. Three cases achieved long-time disease free survival,and no patient relapsed.@*CONCLUSION@#UCBT is an effective treatment for children with JMML.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Infant , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile , Male , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning
7.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833848

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#To determine the value of salivary pepsin in discriminating sub-types of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and GERD-related disorders. @*Methods@#Overall, 322 patients with different sub-types of GERD and 45 healthy controls (HC) were studied. All patients took Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire (GerdQ) and underwent endoscopy and 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring and manometry. Salivary pepsin concentration (SPC) was detected by using colloidal gold double-antibody immunological sandwich assay. Oral esomeprazole treatment was administrated in the patients with non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) and extra-esophageal symptoms (EES). @*Results@#Compared to HC, patients with erosive esophagitis, NERD, EES, EES plus typical GERD symptoms, or Barrett’s esophagus had a higher prevalence of saliva and SPC (all P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the positive rate for pepsin in patients with functional heartburn or GERD with anxiety and depression, compared to HC. After esomeprazole treatment, the positive rate and SPC were significantly reduced in NERD (both P < 0.001) and in EES (P = 0.001 and P = 0.002, respectively). Of the 64 NERD patients, 71.9% (n = 46) were positive for salivary pepsin, which was significantly higher than the rate (43.8%, n = 28) of pathological acid reflux as detected by 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring (P = 0.002). @*Conclusions@#Salivary pepsin has an important significance for the diagnosis of GERD and GERD-related disorders. Salivary pepsin and 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring may complement with each other to improve the diagnostic efficiency.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905748

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of electroacupuncture on urge urinary incontinence after stroke. Methods:From May, 2015 to May, 2018, 40 patients with urge urinary incontinence after stroke were randomly divided into control group (n = 20) and electroacupuncture group (n = 20). Both groups accepted routine rehabilitation, while the electroacupuncture group accepted electroacupuncture at Zhongji (CV3) and Guanyuan (CV4) in addition, for four weeks. They recorded the urination log (72 hours), and were assessed with Incontinence Scale, and tested with urodynamics before and after treatment. Results:There were 17 cases in the control group and 18 in the electroacupuncture group finishing the trial. The total number of urination, the number of urge incontinence and the number of calls for urination carer at night decreased, the average volume of urine increased, and the score of Incontinence Scale decreased (|t| > 4.770, P < 0.001) in both groups, which were better in the electroacupuncture group than in the control group (|t| > 2.962, P < 0.01). The maximum cystometric bladder capacity and bladder compliance increased in both groups, while the maximum bladder pressure and maximum detrusor pressure decreased after treatment (|t| > 4.052, P < 0.001), which were better in the electroacupuncture group than in the control group (|t| > 2.716, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Electroacupuncture at Zhongji and Guanyuan is effective on urge urinary incontinence, which relates with reducing detrusor and bladder pressure, increasing bladder volume, and improving bladder compliance.

9.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 737-740, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822593

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo assess the clinical application value of saliva samples from patients with herpes zosterzoster.MethodsSaliva and serum samples of 55 patients with herpes zoster were collected. Patients were split into mild and moderate group and serious group based on the clinical score table. Paid a follow-up visit for the occurrence of PHN three months after the lesion healed. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect varicella-zoster virus load in saliva and serum, and then observed and verified by transmission electron microscope.ResultsThe positive rates of VZV DNA in saliva and blood samples were 87% and 85% respectively. Transmission electron microscopy showed virus pellets in saliva of patients. The VZV DNA load in saliva in serious group (5.79±2.94) copies/mLwas overtopped than that in mild to moderate group (3.06±2.59) copies/mL (t=3.58, P=0.00). Compared the viral loads in saliva of PHN group(5.82±3.12) copies/mL and non-PHN group (3.84±2.96) copies/mL, t=1.54, P=0.13.ConclusionThe positive rate of VZV DNA in saliva of herpes zoster patients is high, the load is related to clinical symptoms. So saliva can be used for the diagnosis of HZ and assessing the patients′ condition.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821660

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the endemic situation of schistosomiasis in Hunan Province in 2019, so as to provide insights into the achievement of transmission interruption of schistosomiasis in the province in 2020. Methods The data pertaining to Schistosoma japonicum infections in humans and livestock and snail status were captured from Hunan Province in 2019 and analyzed. Results Schistosomiasis was endemic in 281 townships (towns) from 41 counties (districts) of 6 cities in Hunan Province by the end of 2019. A total of 991 900 persons received blood testing in Hunan Province in 2019, and 22 773 were positive for the blood testing, with sero-prevalence of 2.30%. All stool examinations were negative in 22 933 individuals detected. The high sero-prevalence was seen in Nanxian County, Anxiang County and Ziyang District. Currently, there were 5 034 cases with advanced schistosomiasis detected in Hunan Province, and they were predominantly identified in Yuanjiang City, Heshan District and Yueyang County. There were 44 963 bovines fenced in schistosomiasis-endemic villages in Hunan Province in 2019, which were predominantly distributed in Yuanjiang City, Hanshou County and Ziyang District, and no positives were detected in 1 996 bovines receiving blood testing or 20 684 bovines receiving stool examinations. In 2019, there were snail habitats of 1.73 billion m2 found in Hunan Province, which were mainly found in Yuanjiang City, Hanshou County and Yueyang County. Conclusion The endemic situation of schistosomiasis further decreases in Hunan Province in 2019; however, there is still a risk of schistosomiasis transmission in local areas of the province.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821643

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the effect of the integrated schistosomiasis control measures in Hunan Province from 2004 to 2019, so as to provide insights into the development of the schistosomiasis elimination strategy. Methods The integrated schistosomiasis control measures implemented by the health, agriculture, water resources, forestry, land and resources sectors were retrospectively collected in Hunan Province from 2004 to 2019, and the completion of each measure, cost of control measures, Schistosoma japonicum infections in humans and bovines, and snail status were analyzed each year. An index system for assessing the integrated schistosomiasis control effect was constructed using the Delphi method to calculate the integrated schistosomiasis control effect index. In addition, a cost-effect analysis was performed in terms of the decline in the prevalence of S. japonicum infections in humans and bovines, areas with snails in inner embankments, and areas with infected snails. Results A total of 7 110 926 500 Yuan were invested into the integrated schistosomiasis control program of Hunan Province from 2004 to 2019. During the 16-year period, a total of 277 437.12 hm2 snail habitats received molluscicidal treatments, 6 927 230 person-times given expanded chemotherapy, 2 116 247 bovine-times given expanded chemotherapy, 954 850 harmless toilets built, 290 359 bovines fenced, 136 666 bovines eliminated, 141 905 machines used to replace bovines, 39 048.63 hm2 water lands improved as dry lands, 724.12 km irrigation regions improved, 3 994 300 populations covered with safe water, 191 102.89 hm2 forests planted and 38 535.27 hm2 lands leveled. The prevalence of S. japonicum infections was 4.29% in humans and 4.48% in bovines in Hunan Province in 2004, with 2 449.37 hm2 snail habitats in inner embankments and 3 423.74 hm2 infected snail areas. In 2019, the prevalence of S. japonicum infections reduced to 0 in both humans and bovines, and areas of snail habitats reduced to 540.92 hm2 (77.92% reductions), while the areas with infected snails reduced to 0. The overall integrated schistosomiasis control effect index appeared a tendency towards a rise over years since 2004, and the integrated schistosomiasis control effect index was 97.35 in 2019; the annual mean costs for a 1% reduction in the prevalence of S. japonicum infections in 100 populations and 100 bovines were 70.11 Yuan and 4 204.78 Yuan, and the annual mean costs for a 1% reduction in the snail areas in inner embankments and infected snail areas were 2 010.20 Yuan and 1 298.09 Yuan, respectively. Conclusions The integrated control measures achieve remarkable effectiveness for schistosomiasis control in Hunan Province, with a remarkable decline in the prevalence of S. japonicum infections in humans and bovines and great shrinking of snail areas in inner embankments and infected snail areas. Adequate fund investment is required to improve the integrated schistosomiasis control measures and consolidate the control achievements.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 149-155, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787653

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotypes, genetics and prognosis of T-lymphocyte lymphoma/myeloid sarcoma combined with Langerhans cell histiocytyosis (coexistence of T-LBL/MS and LCH). Clinical and pathological data of the 6 patients with coexistence of T-LBL/MS and LCH were analyzed, who were diagnosed at the Foshan Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University and the Friendship Hospital of Capital Medical University, from December 2013 to April 2019. The hematoxylin and eosin stain, immunohitochemistry (EnVision) and in situ hybridization were used. Related literatures were reviewed. Four patients were T-LBL combined with LCH, 1 was T-LBL/MS combined with LCH, and 1 was MS combined with LCH. There were 2 male and 4 female patients, with age ranged from 5 to 77 years old (median, 59 years old). Three patients represented with only multiple lymph node swelling. The other 3 displayed both multiple lymph node swelling, and skin/liver or spleen lesions. Lymph node structure was destroyed in 5 cases, while 3 cases had several residual atrophic follicles. Histologically, there were two types of tumor cells: one type of the abnormal lymphoid-cells exhibited small to medium-sized blast cells, typically showing a nested distribution, and these cells were mainly identified in residual follicles and paracortical areas; the other type of histiocytoid cells had a large cell size and abundant pale or dichromatic cytoplasm. Their nuclei were irregularly shaped, showing folded appearance and nuclear grooves. These cells were mainly present in marginal sinus, medullary sinus and interstitial area between follicles. Eosinophil infiltration in the background was not evident in any of the cases. The lymphoid-cells of medium size showed TdT+/CD99+/CD7+, with variable expression of CD34/MPO/CD2/CD3. Ki-67 index was mostly 30%-50%. However, the histiocytoid cells showed phenotype of CD1a+/S-100+/Langerin+/-, while CD163/CD68 were positive in some degree. These cells did not express any T or B cell markers. The Ki-67 index mostly ranged between 10%-20%. None of the cases had Epstin-Barr viral infection. Among the 6 patients, 4 patients were followed up (6-63 months, median time, 18.5 months), of whom 1 patient died of the disease and 3 patients were alive at the end of follow-up. T-LBL/MS combined with LCH is a rare mixed type of immature hematopoietic disease, and mainly occurs in lymph node and skin. The clinical course is overall aggressive. Therefore, it is helpful to recognize and identify the two pathologic components in the same tissue for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779543

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand infection status of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and analyze the influencing factors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Guangzhou. Methods Men who have sex with men (MSM) were recruited from 2014 to 2017. Face-to-face questionnaire survey was conducted to collect information of characterisitc and behaviors. Blood samples were used to detect HIV antibodie. Data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0. Results Among 2 419 MSM, 200(8.27%) participants were confirmed positive for HIV. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that with Guangzhou and monthly economic income >0.5 million as reference, non-Guangzhou (OR=1.712, 95% CI: 1.176-2.492,P=0.005) and monthly economic income ≤0.5 million (OR=1.998, 95% CI: 1.409-2.833,P<0.001) were associated with HIV infection among MSM. Diagnosed syphilis (OR=2.461, 95% CI: 1.375-4.405,P=0.002) , undetected syphilis (OR=2.333, 95% CI: 1.635-3.331,P<0.001), anal sex role passive (OR=2.015, 95% CI: 1.244-3.267,P=0.004), both active and passive (OR=2.115, 95% CI: 1.374-3.251,P=0.001), non-using condoms every time during anal sex (OR=1.955, 95% CI: 1.374-2.781,P<0.001), non-fixed anal sex objects (OR=2.150, 95% CI: 1.463-3.160,P<0.001) were major risk factors for HIV infection among MSM. Conclusions The prevalance of HIV infection and high-risk sexual behavior were high among MSM in Guangzhou. It is urgent to expand the scope of HIV testing and advocate safe sexual behaviors among MSM.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779514

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the current status and influencing factors associated with the health literacy of the elderly. Methods 24 communities were randomly selected from Jinan City, and 1 201 elderly people were surveyed by the eHealth literacy scale. Univariate analysis was performed using the Chi-square test and multivariate analysis was performed using binary Logistic regression. Results The qualification rate of eHealth literacy among 1 201 older adults was 11.1%. Multivariate analysis showed that primary school education and below (OR=4.50, 95% CI:1.924-10.530, P=0.001), family pension (OR=3.08, 95% CI:1.326-7.165, P=0.009), poor self-rated health (OR=2.12, 95% CI:1.022-4.406, P=0.044), great self-rated life pressure (OR=4.09, 95% CI:1.686-9.938, P=0.002) were risk factors for eHealth literacy in the elderly; urban household registration (OR=0.52, 95% CI:0.337-0.815, P=0.004), the main person to taking care of grandchildren (OR=0.43, 95% CI:0.273-0.682, P<0.001 ), urban basic medical insurance or NCMS medical insurance (OR=0.22, 95% CI:0.047-0.998, P=0.05), commercial medical insurance (OR=0.10, 95% CI:0.019-0.552, P=0.008) and the parents being alive (OR=0.44, 95% CI:0.264-0.719, P=0.001) were protective factors for the elderly eHealth literacy . Conclusion The type of household registration, the level of education, the type of medical insurance, the way of caring for grandchildren, the way of providing for the elderly, the self-rated of health status, with the parents being alive, and the self-rated life pressure are the influencing factors of the eHealth literacy of the elderly.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774569

ABSTRACT

Fingerprints of lipophilic components in the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza and S.yunnanensis were analyzed by UPLC-DADand UPLC coupled with mass spectroscopy to evaluate the differences and similarities of the lipophilic components in the two kinds of herbs.The UPLC analysis of 18 batches of S.miltiorrhiza and 16 batches of S.yunnanensis was performed on a 25℃Thermo Accucore C_(18)column(2.1 mm×100 mm,2.6μm)by Shimadzu LC-20AD;mobile phase was 0.026%phosphoric acid(A)-acetonitrile(B)with gradient elution;flow rate was 0.4 m L·min~(-1);detection wavelength was set at 270 nm;injection volume was 2μL.The molecular structures of the lipophilic components were analyzed on a 25℃Thermo Accucore C_(18)column(2.1 mm×100 mm,2.6μm)by Thermo U3000 UPLC Q Exactive Orbitrap LC-MS/MS with a mobile phaseconsisting of 0.1%formic acid water(A)and 0.1%formic acidacetonitrile(B).The mass spectrometry was acquired in positive modes using ESI.There are 10 common peaks in the lipophilic components of S.miltiorrhiza.The similarity between the 16 batches of S.miltiorrhiza and their own reference spectra was greater than 0.942,and the average similarity was 0.973.There are 12 common peaks in the lipophilic components of S.yunnanensis.The similarity between the 18 batches of S.yunnanensis and their own reference spectra was greater than 0.937,and the average similarity was 0.976.The similarity between the reference chromatograms of S.miltiorrhiza and S.yunnanensis was only 0.900.There are three lipophilic components in S.yunnanensis,which are not found in S.miltiorrhiza,and one of which isα-lapachone.There is a lipophilic component in S.miltiorrhiza not found in S.yunnanensis,which may be miltirone.The two herbs contain 8 common lipophilic components including dihydrotanshinoneⅠ,cryptotanshinone,tanshinoneⅠ,tanshinoneⅡ_A,nortanshinone in which the content of tanshinoneⅡ_A,dihydrotanshinoneⅠand cryptotanshinone of S.yunnanensisis significantly lower than that of S.miltiorrhiza(P<0.01),and the contents of tanshinoneⅠand nortanshinone are significantly lower than that of S.miltiorrhiza too(P<0.05).There are significant differences in the types and contents of lipophilic components between the roots of S.miltiorrhiza and S.yunnanensis,and the similarity between the fingerprints of interspecies is much lower than that between the same species.Therefore,the roots of S.miltiorrhiza and S.yunnanensis are two kinds of herbs which are quite different in chemical compounds and compositions.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Abietanes , Molecular Structure , Plant Roots , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802326

ABSTRACT

By consulting literatures of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), comparing data about the morphological description of several species from genus of Salvia, and combining the biological studies in resources,this paper made a textual research for the origin,name,medicinal history,functional dominance and folk application Salviae Yunnanensis Radix. This study aimed to provide a reference for further studies and utilization of Salviae Yunnanensis Radix. The findings revealed that the origin of Zidanshen recorded in ancient Chinese herbal literatures was S. yunnanensis,which were widely used for amenorrhea,dysmenorrhea,irregular menstruation,tumescent pain,limb numbness and many kinds of blood stasis. Relevant clinical application and modern pharmacological evidences of Salviae Yunnanensis Radix are mutually supportive,which indicates that TCM based on clinical experience has a high development value. The herbal literatures revealed that Salviae Yunnanensia Radix has a high research and development value in gynecology,blood stasis and other fields. We shall fully excavate folk experience in clinical application of Salviae Yunnanensis Radix. On this basis, we shall further strengthen relevant researches on material basis,pharmacodynamics and mechanism,in order to promote the utilization of resources and product development of Salviae Yunnanensis Radix.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1246-1252, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775733

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical outcomes of engraftment, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and survival in the patients with AML1-ETO positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treated with unrelated umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT).@*METHODS@#Forty-Five patients with high-risk refractory AML1-ETO positive AML were treated with a single UCBT in a single center from July 2010 to April 2018. All the patients underwent a myeloablative preconditioning regimen,and cyclosporine A (CSA) combined with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) was used to prevent GVHD.@*RESULTS@#The median value of total nucleated cells (TNC) in cord blood was 5.21 (1.96-12.68)×10/kg recipient body weight, and that of CD34+ cells was 5.61 (0.56-15.4)×10/kg recipient weight. The implantation rate of neutrophil at 42 d and that of platelet at 120 d were 95.6% and 86.7%, respectively. The median time of absolute neutrophil count (ANC)>0.5×10/L and platelet 20×10/L were 16 (12-18) d and 37 (17-140) d after transplantation, respectively. The cumulative incidence of Ⅰ -Ⅳ grade acute GVHD (aGVHD) at 100 d after transplantation was 48.9% (95% CI 33.5%-62.6%), Ⅱ-Ⅳ grade aGVHD occurred in 12 cases (33.3%) (95% CI 20%-47.2%) , and Ⅲ-Ⅳ grade a GVHD in 8 cases (20%) (95% CI 9.8% -32.8%). In 5 cases of 40 patients survived over 100 days, the chronic GVHD (cGVHD) occurred after transplantation, among which 4 were localized, and 1 was extensive. 3 patients relapsed, and the 2-year cumulative relapse rate was 9.5% (95% CI 2.4%-22.8%). The median follow-up time was 23.5 (0.9-89.67) months, 10 patients died, 2-year disease-free survival rate (DFS) was 72.7%, and overall survival rate (OS) was 75.5%. Multivariate analysis showed that Ⅲ-Ⅳ. acute GVHD (aGVHD) affected overall survival.@*CONCLUSION@#UCBT is an effective rescue treatment for patients with high-risk refractory AML1-ETO positive AML.


Subject(s)
Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit , Graft vs Host Disease , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mycophenolic Acid , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , RUNX1 Translocation Partner 1 Protein , Transplantation Conditioning
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1633-1640, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775672

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA load on immune reconstitution and clinical outcomes of patients after unrelated cord blood transplantation (UCBT).@*METHODS@#Eight-color flow cytometry was used to dynamically monitor the changes of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets of 41 patients at one year after UCBT, and 10 healthy volunteers were enroled as controls. Patients were divided into two groups according to the DNA load of CMV (DNA copies <1000/ml and DNA copies ≥1000/ml). Comparative analyse of the effect of CMV DNA load on lymphocyte subsets and transplantation outcomes were carried out after transplantation.@*RESULTS@#The high CMV DNA load group showed a faster and expanded T cell reconstitution, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant at one and nine months after transplantation (0.38×10 /L vs 0.25×10 /L, P=0.015 and 2.53×10 /L vs 1.36×10 /L, P=0.006, respectively). Further analysis of T cell subsets suggested that CD8 T cells presented a higher and faster recovery in the high DNA load group, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant at one and nine months after transplantation (0.20×10 /L vs 0.10×10 /L, P=0.038 and 1.62×10 /L vs 0.68×10 /L, P=0.003, respectively). In addition, there were no significant differences in levels of B cells, regulatory B cells and NK cells between the two groups. Outcomes after one- and a-half-year transplantation showed that there were no significant difference in relapse, non-relapse mortality and overall survival between the high and the low DNA load groups (7.7% vs 7.5%) (P=0.900) (15.4% vs 21.4%) (P=0.686) and (76.9% vs 78.6%) (P=0.889) respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The high CMV DNA load induces a faster and long-lasting expansion of T cells, mainly as the expansion of CD8 T cells after UCBT. Besides, under the current pre-emptive treatment of CMV, the high CMV DNA load does not affect the early survival of patients with acute myeloid leukemia after UCBT.


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Cytomegalovirus , DNA , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Immune Reconstitution
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818854

ABSTRACT

Many factors are reported to be involved in regulating the immunopathogenesis of schistosome infection. CD4+ T cell is one of the key players in the regulation of the liver granuloma formation by differentiation into different effector subsets including T helper (Th) 1, Th2, Th17, and T regulatory cells (Treg cells). Treg cells play an important suppressive role in immunopathology control and favor the pathogen to escape from the host immune assault. The functional activity of Tregs has been related to some autoimmune diseases including asthma and inflammatory bowel disease, which suggests that the manipulation of Tregs to restore their numbers and function may be therapeutic. However, interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in the pathogenesis of many inflammatory and infectious conditions, including schistosomiasis. Therefore, a deeper understanding of the mechanisms of these immune regulations is necessary for the better control of pathology in schistosomiasis. In this paper, we review the Treg/Th17 balance and the immunology of schistosome infection.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818732

ABSTRACT

Many factors are reported to be involved in regulating the immunopathogenesis of schistosome infection. CD4+ T cell is one of the key players in the regulation of the liver granuloma formation by differentiation into different effector subsets including T helper (Th) 1, Th2, Th17, and T regulatory cells (Treg cells). Treg cells play an important suppressive role in immunopathology control and favor the pathogen to escape from the host immune assault. The functional activity of Tregs has been related to some autoimmune diseases including asthma and inflammatory bowel disease, which suggests that the manipulation of Tregs to restore their numbers and function may be therapeutic. However, interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in the pathogenesis of many inflammatory and infectious conditions, including schistosomiasis. Therefore, a deeper understanding of the mechanisms of these immune regulations is necessary for the better control of pathology in schistosomiasis. In this paper, we review the Treg/Th17 balance and the immunology of schistosome infection.

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