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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 495-500, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984650

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of elderly patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and the impact of nutrition and underlying diseases on the prognosis of elderly patients with MCL. Methods: retrospectively analyzed 255 elderly patients with MCL from 11 medical centers, including Peking University Third Hospital between January 2000 and February 2021. We analyzed clinical data, such as age, gender, Mantle Cell Lymphoma International Prognostic Index score, and treatment options, and performed univariate and multivariate prognostic analysis. We performed a comprehensive geriatric assessment on elderly MCL patients with medical records that included retraceable underlying disease and albumin levels, and we investigated the impact of basic nutrition and underlying disorders on MCL prognosis in the elderly. Results: There were 255 senior individuals among the 795 MCL patients. Elderly MCL was more common in males (78.4%), with a median age of 69 yr (ages 65-88), and the majority (88.6%) were identified at a late stage. The 3-yr overall survival (OS) rate was 42.0%, with a 21.2% progression-free survival (PFS) rate. The overall response rate (ORR) was 77.3%, with a 33.3% total remission rate. Elderly patients were more likely than younger patients to have persistent underlying illnesses, such as hypertension. Multivariate analysis revealed that variables related with poor PFS included age of ≥80 (P=0.021), Ann Arbor stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ (P=0.003), high LDH level (P=0.003), involvement of bone marrow (P=0.014). Age of ≥80 (P=0.001) and a high LDH level (P=0.003) were risk factors for OS. The complete geriatric assessment revealed that renal deficiency was associated with poorer OS (P=0.047) . Conclusions: Elderly MCL patients had greater comorbidities. Age, LDH, renal function, bone marrow involvement, and Ann Arbor stage are all independent risk factors for MCL in the elderly.


Subject(s)
Male , Adult , Humans , Aged , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Bone Marrow/pathology , Risk Factors
2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1017-1020, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984516

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the consistency and factors influencing rural parents knowledge, attitude and practice about early childhood sex education, so as to put forward effective suggestions and countermeasures for improving childhood sex education in rural areas.@*Methods@#A multi stage stratified sampling method was used to investigate the knowledge, attitude and practice of early childhood sex education among 1 015 parents in 16 kindergartens in rural areas of Sichuan from March to May 2019. Chi square text and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze factors affecting the consistency of parents knowledge, attitude and practice of childhood sex education.@*Results@#Nearly 64.9%, 85.9% and 44.7% of parents with sufficient knowledge, support, and implement of early children s sex education, respectively, and the consistency rate of knowledge, attitude and practice were 30.2%. The results of the multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that parents aged <31 years ( OR= 5.35 , 95%CI =2.93-9.77), 31-40 years ( OR=4.82, 95%CI =2.65-8.76) and 41-50 years ( OR=2.37, 95%CI =1.10-5.11), and the mother s education level being middle school ( OR=3.67, 95%CI =1.75-7.69), secondary/high school ( OR=2.83, 95%CI =1.32-6.05) and college/bachelor s degree and above ( OR=5.44, 95%CI =2.23-12.98), sex related questions asked by child ( OR=2.00, 95%CI =1.44-2.78), having sex education in the family ( OR=5.38, 95% CI =3.82-7.59), believing that parents should be responsible for sex education for young children ( OR=2.58, 95%CI =1.40-4.74) had a higher consistency rate of knowledge, attitude and practice in early childhood sex education ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#In rural areas of Sichuan, although parents highly support early childhood sex education, the eligible rate of knowledge and the implementing rate are quite low, as well as the consistent rate of knowledge, attitude and practice. Relevant departments should pay attention to strengthen publicity and education, especially among older parents, low educated parents and those opposed to or not yet implementing child sex education.

3.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 40-44, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984178

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish a rapid and nondestructive identification method for human body fluid stains and non-biological stains using three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy.@*METHODS@#The collected three-dimensional fluorescence spectrum data of human saliva, 3% blood, coffee and Fanta® stains were processed with dimensionality reduction. After wavelet transform, spectral denoising and feature extraction, the classification formula was established. The Fisher discriminant was used for spectrum matching and recognition to establish the analysis method to distinguish stain types.@*RESULTS@#According to the results of data training and comparison, all the recognition accuracies of Fanta®, coffee, saliva and blood were more than 91.39%. Among them, saliva reached 100% recognition accuracy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy is a potential method for rapid and nondestructive identification of biological and non-biological stains.


Subject(s)
Humans , Forensic Medicine/methods , Coloring Agents/analysis , Coffee , Spectrometry, Fluorescence , Body Fluids/chemistry
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961839

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThis study aimed to analyze the difference in setup error before and after correction of systematic error. To determine the most appropriate image-guided strategy during HT treatment, we use different scanning ranges and image-guidance frequencies in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with helical tomotherapy (HT). MethodsFifteen patients with NPC who received HT treatment in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from October 2019 to February 2020 were selected. Megavoltage computed tomography (MVCT) scanning was performed before each treatment. After five times of radiotherapy, system-error correction was performed to adjust the setup center. The setup errors before and after the correction of systematic errors, as well as the setup errors of different scanning ranges and different scanning frequencies, were collected for analysis and comparison. ResultsWhen comparing the setup errors before and after the correction of systematic error, the differences in setup errors in the left–right (LR), superior–inferior (SI), and anterior–posterior (AP) directions were statistically significant (P<0.05).The different scanning ranges of "nasopharynx + neck" and "nasopharynx" were compared, and a statistically significant difference was found in yaw rotational errors (P<0.05). In the comparison of daily and weekly scan frequency after system-error correction, a significant difference was found in AP direction (P<0.05). ConclusionDuring radiotherapy for NPC, the systematic error can be corrected according to the first five setup errors, and then small-scale scanning was selected for image-guided radiotherapy every day.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996833

ABSTRACT

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the most common chronic microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus. It has a high rate of blindness, and the age of onset is gradually getting younger, which seriously affects the physical and mental health and quality of life of patients. The disease is retinal damage induced by diabetes mellitus, which is a kind of fundus disease with the main manifestations of fundus hemorrhage, hard exudation, microhemangioma, cotton-wool spots, neovascularization, etc. In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), it is classified into the category of "diabetic cataracts" and other diseases. At present, there is no effective method to prevent the progress of the disease in modern medicine, so it is particularly important to choose a reasonable and effective intervention to prevent and treat DR. Studies have confirmed that TCM has unique advantages in the treatment of DR. It can use its advantages of multiple bioactive components, multiple targets, and multiple pathways to intervene in the development process of DR from various aspects. By searching for the relevant literature on the progress of the intervention of DR with TCM monomers and compounds, this paper mainly reviews the relevant research results of the treatment of DR with multiple signaling pathways such as phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt), nuclear factor kappa-B(NF-κB), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2)/hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1), Hippo, advanced glycation end products (AGEs)/receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), and Akt/glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β), so as to provide more ideas and directions for the clinical prevention and treatment of DR.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995751

ABSTRACT

Objective:In order to determine the development potential of human embryos in vitro, amino acid and carnitine levels were measured in the culture medium of different grades of early human embryos. Methods:From the infertile couples who received in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer treatment in the Department of Reproductive Medicine of Linyi People′s Hospital from June 2022 to December 2022, the age of the women was defined as 25-35 years old [31.5(26.5, 33.25)] with 8-20 eggs, 126 cultured cells and embryos of the third day were randomly collected from infertile couples. They were divided into three groups according to the morphological level of the corresponding embryos: excellent, neutral and poor. Amino acids and L-carnitines levels in culture medium were detected by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Using analysis of variance to compare differences among groups, correlation analysis, factor analysis was performed to analyze the association between the levels of amino acids and L-carnitines and development potential of early human embryos.Results:The value of Methionine/Phenylalanine was found statistically different among superior embryo (3.09±1.67), moderate embryo (4.00±1.19) and inferior embryo (4.99±2.04). The difference between the three groups was statistically different ( F=7.09, P<0.05): superior embryo vs moderate embryo ( t=-0.91, P<0.05), superior embryo vs inferior embryo ( t=-1.91, P<0.05), moderate embryo vs inferior embryo ( t=-0.99, P<0.05). Among different amino acids, Phe had the strongest positive correlation with Tyr ( r=0.99, P<0.01). Among different carnitines, C 8/C 10 has the strongest positive correlation with C 5DC+C 6OH/C 16( r=0.44, P<0.01). The weight value of leucine (isoleucine), arginine, valine/phenylalanine, glycine, tyrosine and carnitine(C 5DC+C 6OH)/C 8 calculated by the least square fitting model is 2.22, 1.99, 1.65, 1.54, 1.21 and 1.15 respectively. Conclusion:Leucine, arginine, valine/phenylalanine, glycine, tyrosine and carnitine (C 5DC+C 6OH)/C 8 in embryo culture medium were significantly correlated with the levels of early human embryos in vitro.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 532-535, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995012

ABSTRACT

It was a retrospective study. The patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who underwent renal biopsy in the Department of Nephrology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from 2015 to 2021 were enrolled to analyze the pathological and clinical manifestations of kidney. There were 483 patients enrolled, including 136 patients who had no history of diabetes mellitus, newly diagnosed as T2DM according to an oral glucose tolerance test. The age was (52.80±13.13) years old. There were 337 males (69.77%). Based on the renal biopsy, the patients were classified as diabetic kidney disease (DKD, 22.15%, 107/483), DKD+non-diabetic kidney disease (NDKD)(6.63%, 32/483), and NDKD (71.22%, 344/483). Membranous nephropathy was the most common pathology in patients with NDKD (40.41%, 139/344) and DKD+NDKD (34.38%, 11/32). In the 136 newly diagnosed T2DM patients, there were 3 patients (2.21%) with DKD, 2 patients (1.47%) with DKD+NDKD, and 131 patients with NDKD (96.32%). The proportions of DKD in patients with diabetes history ≤3 months, 3-12 months, 1-5 years, 5-10 years and ≥10 years were 10.53% (6/57), 25.00% (16/64), 26.53% (26/98), 41.56% (32/77) and 47.06% (24/51), respectively. The proportions of DKD+NDKD in patients with diabetes history ≤3 months, 3-12 months, 1-5 years, 5-10 years and ≥10 years were 3.51% (2/57), 3.13% (2/64), 10.20% (10/98), 9.09% (7/77) and 17.65% (9/51), respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that, the duration of diabetes history ( OR=1.130, 95% CI 1.057-1.208, P<0.001), diabetes retinopathy ( OR=12.185, 95% CI 5.331-27.849, P<0.001), urinary red blood cell count ( OR=0.987, 95% CI 0.974-0.999, P=0.039), glycosylated hemoglobin ( OR=1.482, 95% CI 1.119-1.961, P=0.006) as well as hemoglobin ( OR=0.973, 95% CI 0.957-0.990, P=0.001) were independently correlated with DKD. The proportions of DKD and DKD+NDKD increase with the prolongation of diabetes history. Membranous nephropathy is the most common pathology in NDKD and DKD+NDKD patients. Even in patients newly diagnosed with T2DM, it is necessary to screen for DKD. The duration of diabetes history, diabetes retinopathy, urinary red blood cell count, glycosylated hemoglobin and hemoglobin may be used to identify DKD from NDKD.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994163

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of Mongolian medicine Eerdun Wurile on postoperative cognitive function in elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy.Methods:Sixty elderly patients of either gender, aged ≥60 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status classification Ⅱ or Ⅲ, with body mass index≤28 kg/m 2, with preoperative Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score ≥27 points, undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy under general anesthesia, were divided into 2 groups ( n=30 each) using the random number table method: control group (group C) and Eerdun Wurile group (group E). Eerdun Wurile 15 capsules per day were taken for 7 consecutive days starting from 3 days before surgery in group E, and placebo was given instead in group C. The peripheral venous blood samples were collected before medication at 3 days before surgery (T 1) and 24 and 72 h after surgery (T 2, 3) for determination of the concentrations of serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and Tau proteins by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The patients′ cognitive function was assessed by MMSE at T 1 and 5 days after surgery (T 4), and the occurrence of cognitive decline (MMSE score < 27) was recorded. Results:Compared with group C, the serum BDNF concentration was significantly increased at T 2 and T 3, and the concentrations of IL-1β, TNF-α and Tau protein were decreased, the MMSE score was increased at T 4, and the incidence of cognitive decline was decreased in group E ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Mongolian medicine Eerdun Wurile can improve postoperative cognitive function in elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic surgery, and the mechanism may be related to reduction of systemic inflammatory responses and promotion of nerve cell repair and regeneration.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993159

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the change pattern of neck diameter and relevant factors in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients treated with helical tomotherapy, aiming to provide reference for clinical practice.Methods:Fifteen NPC patients treated with helical tomotherapy at Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center from November 2020 to February 2021 were enrolled in this study. The transverse diameters of NPC patients' neck contours and body weight of all patients during radiotherapy were recorded weekly. We used descriptive statistics to explore the distribution of transverse diameters of NPC patients' neck contours during radiotherapy. And Spearman correlation analysis was used to assess the association between weight loss and changes in neck contour transverse diameter.Results:During radiotherapy, the distribution of transverse diameters of NPC patients' neck contours was completely different from the initial values. Specifically, the transverse diameters were significantly reduced at the 4th week of the radiotherapy. Moreover, the reduction of transverse diameter of neck contour was highly correlated with the weight loss ( r=0.803, P<0.05), and moderately correlated with gender ( r=0.523, P<0.05). However, there was no statistical correlation between the alteration of neck diameter and age, TNM stage, and the mean dose of GTV nd-L, GTV nd-R, PTV nd-L and PTV nd-R (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The neck contours of NPC patients are altered regularly during helical tomotherapy, which are narrowed the most obviously in the 4th week. Extensive attention should be paid to the changes of neck contour during radiotherapy in clinical practice.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 394-403, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992614

ABSTRACT

Hip fractures are among the most common fractures in the elderly, presenting to be a leading cause of disability and mortality. Surgical treatment is currently the main treatment method for hip fractures. The incidence of perioperative malnutrition is increased after hip fractures in the elderly due to the comorbidities, decreased basal metabolic rate, accelerated protein breakdown, weakened anabolism and surgical stress. However, malnutrition not only increases the incidence of postoperative complications, but also leads to increased mortality, indicating an important role of perioperative nursing management of nutrition for the elderly patients with hip fractures. At present, there still lacks scientific guidance and application standards on perioperative nursing management of nutrition for the elderly patients with hip fractures. Therefore, the Orthopedic Nursing Committee of Chinese Nursing Association and the Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Trauma organized relevant experts to formulate the Expert consensus on perioperative nursing management of nutrition for elderly patients with hip fractures ( version 2023) according to evidence-based medical evidences and their clinical experiences. Fourteen recommendations were made from aspects of nutrition screening, nutrition assessment, nutrition diagnosis, nutrition intervention and nutrition monitoring to provide guidance for perioperative nursing management of nutrition in elderly patients with hip fractures.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 130-134, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991990

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of HACOR score [heart rate (H), acidosis (A), consciousness (C), oxygenation (O), and respiratory rate (R)] on the clinical outcome of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation in patients with pulmonary encephalopathy due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods:A prospective study was conducted. The patients with COPD combined with pulmonary encephalopathy who were admitted to Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 1, 2017 to June 1, 2021 and initially received non-invasive positive pressure ventilation were enrolled. Besides non-invasive positive pressure ventilation, standard medical treatments were delivered to these patients according to guidelines. The need for endotracheal intubation was judged as failure of non-invasive ventilation treatment. Early failure was defined as the need for endotracheal intubation within 48 hours of treatment, and late failure was defined as the need for endotracheal intubation 48 hours and later. The HACOR score at different time points after non-invasive ventilation, the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, the total length of hospital stay, and the clinical outcome were recorded. The above indexes of patients with non-invasive ventilation were compared between successful and failed groups. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to evaluate the predictive effect of HACOR score on the failure of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation in the treatment of COPD with pulmonary encephalopathy.Results:A total of 630 patients were evaluated, and 51 patients were enrolled, including 42 males (82.35%) and 9 females (17.65%), with a median age of 70.0 (62.0, 78.0) years old. Among the 51 patients, 36 patients (70.59%) were successfully treated with non-invasive ventilation and discharged from the hospital eventually, and 15 patients (29.41%) failed and switched to invasive ventilation, of which 10 patients (19.61%) were defined early failure, 5 patients (9.80%) were late failure. The length of ICU and the total length of hospital stay of the non-invasive ventilation successful group were significantly longer than those of the non-invasive ventilation failure group [length of ICU stay (days): 13.0 (10.0, 16.0) vs. 5.0 (3.0, 8.0), total length of hospital stay (days): 23.0 (12.0, 28.0) vs. 12.0 (9.0, 15.0), both P < 0.01]. The HACOR score of patients at 1-2 hours in the non-invasive ventilation failure group was significantly higher than that in the successful group [10.47 (6.00, 16.00) vs. 6.00 (3.25, 8.00), P < 0.05]. However, there was no significant difference in HACOR score before non-invasive ventilation and at 3-6 hours between the two groups. The ROC curve showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 1-2 hour HACOR score after non-invasive ventilation for predicting non-invasive ventilation failure in COPD patients with pulmonary encephalopathy was 0.686, and the 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.504-0.868. When the best cut-off value was 10.50, the sensitivity was 60.03%, the specificity was 86.10%, positive predictive value was 91.23%, and negative predictive value was 47.21%. Conclusions:Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation could prevent 70.59% of COPD patients with pulmonary encephalopathy from intubation. HACOR score was valuable to predict non-invasive positive pressure ventilation failure in pulmonary encephalopathy patients due to COPD.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991568

ABSTRACT

Over the past decade, remarkable progress has been made in prevention and control of endemic diseases in China through implementation of the 12th and the 13th Five-Year National Plans for Prevention and Control of Endemic Diseases and the Three-Year Action Plan for Special Prevention and Control of Endemic Diseases. Based on the latest monitoring data of endemic diseases and the evaluation results of the control and elimination of endemic diseases of the 13th Five-Year Plan, this paper analyzed current main problems in prevention and control of endemic diseases in China, focusing on implementation of prevention and control measures for iodine deficiency disorders, endemic fluorosis, and endemic arsenicosis, as well as the treatment and management of patients. Accordingly, corresponding countermeasures and suggestions are put forward from three aspects, including prevention and control mechanism, implementation of prevention and control measures, and scientific research, so as to provide scientific basis for the country and various regions to consolidate the achievements of prevention and control of endemic diseases and accurately implement the prevention and control measures of endemic diseases.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990896

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the detection rate and time cost of different imaging methods for retinal and optic disc neovascularization in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted.Thirty-eight patients (48 eyes) with PDR were enrolled in Henan Eye Hospital from October 2019 to February 2021, including 22 males (28 eyes) and 16 females (20 eyes). The average age of the patients was (51.08±13.35) years.All patients underwent ultra-widefield imaging (UWFI), fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), en face optical coherence tomography (OCT), near-infrared fundus imaging (IR) combined with spectral domain OCT (SD-OCT). Wide field swept-source OCTA (WF-SS-OCTA) was performed in the patients who were unsuitable for FFA.The time required for each examination in one eye and the detection rate of neovascularization at the optic disc (NVD) and retinal neovascularization elsewhere (NVE) were recorded.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by Henan Eye Hospital (No.HNEECKY-2021[22]). All patients were informed about the method and purpose of the study and voluntarily signed the informed consent form.Results:The mean monocular examination time costs of UWFI, IR+ SD-OCT, OCTA+ en face OCT, FFA and WF-SS-OCT was (0.51±0.13), (2.08±0.57), (5.79±0.68), (17.66±1.83) and (13.38±1.23)min, respectively.There was a significant overall difference in the mean monocular examination time among the five methods ( F=2 077.960, P<0.001). The detection rates of UWFI, IR+ SD-OCT, OCTA+ en face OCT, FFA+ WF-SS-OCT for NVE and NVD were 52.1%(25/48) and 12.5%(6/48), 81.3%(39/48) and 20.8%(10/48), 83.3%(40/48) and 27.1%(13/48), 93.8%(45/48) and 29.2%(14/48), respectively.There were significant differences in the detection rates of NVE ( χ2=26.460, P<0.001) but not in the detection rates of NVD ( χ2=4.645, P=0.200) among the various methods.Five neovascular buds were detected by OCTA in 3 eyes, but not by FFA. Conclusions:UWFI and IR+ SD-OCT are faster and non-invasive methods for the screening of NVD and NVE in PDR eyes.Compared with FFA, OCTA and en face OCT can show the shape of neovascularization more clearly.FFA provides a wide-range retinal image, but it is time-consuming and invasive.WF-SS-OCTA extends the examination range of OCTA and detects neovascularization non-invasively and faster than FFA.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989694

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture in patients with hemiplegia after stroke.Methods:Randomized controlled trial. A total of 70 patients who met the inclusion criteria for post-stroke hemiplegia in our hospital from January 2020 to December 2021 were divided into two groups, with 35 cases in each group, according to the random number table. The control group was given conventional treatment combined with rehabilitation exercise therapy, and the observation group was given Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture on the basis of the above, and both groups were treated continuously for 1 month. Compare of the two groups Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA), Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Activity of Daily Living (ADL) score; Brunnstrom stage method was used to assess the patient's motor ability, and Holden walking function grade was used to assess the patient's walking ability. The activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), thrombin time(TT), and serum fibrinogen (FIB), D-dimer (D-D), plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) levels were observed by ELISA. Adverse events were recorded and clinical efficacy was evaluated.Results:The total effective rates of the observation group and the control group were 97.14% (34/35) and 77.14% (27/35), respectively, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=6.25, P=0.012). After treatment, the scores of FMA and ADL in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( t values were 9.23 and 9.54, respectively, P<0.01), the MAS and NIHSS scores were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 10.23 and 11.97, respectively, P<0.01). After treatment, the distribution of patients in Brunnstrom stage Ⅴ and Ⅵand Holden functional walking stage Ⅳ and Ⅴ in the observation group was significantly higher than those in the control group ( χ2 values were 11.96 and 11.27, respectively, P<0.05). After treatment, APTT, PT and TT in the observation group were significantly longer than those in the control group ( t values were 10.37, 13.57 and 6.54, respectively, P<0.01); serum FIB, D-D and PAI-1 levels were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 12.85, 11.94 and 27.39, respectively, P<0.01). No adverse reactions occurred in both groups. Conclusion:The treatment of post-stroke hemiplegia with Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture can improve the effect of clinical treatment and the ability of daily life, neurological function, limb function, movement and walking ability, and stabilize the clotting state.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988804

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Zisheng Pill Formula (资生丸方, ZPF) in the treatment of malignant tumor targeted drugs-related diarrhea with spleen-stomach weakness syndrome. MethodsThis was an randomized controlled study, involving 34 cases in the treatment group and 33 cases in the control group. The treatment group was given ZPF decoction, one dose daily by twice, 200 ml each time, while the control group was given montmorillonite powder, three times per day, 3 g each time, with the first dose doubled, both groups for two weeks. The diarrhea frequency, stool characteristics, common terminology criteria for adverse events (CTCAE) for diarrhea, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score, the European organization for research on treatment of cancer (EORTC) quality of life questionnaire (EORTC QOL-C30) score, levels of serum intestinal functional indicators including diamine oxidase (DAO), D-lactic acid (D-LA), endotoxin (ET) levels were evaluated before and after treatment, and the safety was assessed. ResultsThere were 33 cases in the treatment group and 32 cases in the control group in terms of the per-protocol set (PPS). The total effective rate of diarrhea of the treatment group and control group was 84.85% and 37.50%, respectively, and the total effective rate of TCM syndromes was 93.94% and 34.38%, with statistically significant differences between the groups (P<0.01). After treatment, the frequency of diarrhea and CTCAE grade decreased in both groups, with improved stool characteristics, increased overall health score, and decreased DAO, D-LA and ET levels; in the treatment group, the frequency of diarrhea, the TCM symptom scores in terms of stool characteristics, fear of cold and cold limbs, fatigue, numbness, nausea and vomiting, abdominal distension and abdominal pain were reduced, while the physical function score increased; in the control group, the frequency of diarrhea, stool characteristics and abdominal pain score decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The results favored the treatment group than the control group in all the outcomes except for the nausea and vomiting score, abdominal pain score, overall health score, physical function score, and ET level (P<0.05 or P<0.01). During the treatment, one case of gastrointestinal infection and one case of constipation occurred in the treatment group, while one case of tumor progression in the control group. ConclusionZPF can effectively improve the clinical symptoms, increase quality of life, decrease serum DAO, D-LA and ET levels, and is safe when treating malignant tumor targeted drug-related diarrhea with spleen-stomach weakness syndrome. The possible mechanism may be related to the repair of intestinal mucosa barrier function.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 551-555, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986168

ABSTRACT

Relevant research in recent years has demonstrated that the atrial fibrillation occurrence rate is significantly higher in patients with cirrhosis. The most common indication for long-term anticoagulant therapy is chronic atrial fibrillation. The use of anticoagulant therapy greatly reduces the incidence rate of ischemic stroke. Patients with cirrhosis combined with atrial fibrillation have an elevated risk of bleeding and embolism during anticoagulant therapy due to cirrhotic coagulopathy. At the same time, the liver of such patients will go through varying levels of metabolism and elimination while consuming currently approved anticoagulant drugs, thereby increasing the complexity of anticoagulant therapy. This article summarizes the clinical studies on the risks and benefits of anticoagulant therapy in order to provide a reference for patients with cirrhosis combined with atrial fibrillation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , Stroke/epidemiology , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Hemorrhage , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy , Risk Factors
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1430-1438, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#This study aimed to develop a comprehensive instrument for evaluating and ranking clinical practice guidelines, named Scientific, Transparent and Applicable Rankings tool (STAR), and test its reliability, validity, and usability.@*METHODS@#This study set up a multidisciplinary working group including guideline methodologists, statisticians, journal editors, clinicians, and other experts. Scoping review, Delphi methods, and hierarchical analysis were used to develop the STAR tool. We evaluated the instrument's intrinsic and interrater reliability, content and criterion validity, and usability.@*RESULTS@#STAR contained 39 items grouped into 11 domains. The mean intrinsic reliability of the domains, indicated by Cronbach's α coefficient, was 0.588 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.414, 0.762). Interrater reliability as assessed with Cohen's kappa coefficient was 0.774 (95% CI: 0.740, 0.807) for methodological evaluators and 0.618 (95% CI: 0.587, 0.648) for clinical evaluators. The overall content validity index was 0.905. Pearson's r correlation for criterion validity was 0.885 (95% CI: 0.804, 0.932). The mean usability score of the items was 4.6 and the median time spent to evaluate each guideline was 20 min.@*CONCLUSION@#The instrument performed well in terms of reliability, validity, and efficiency, and can be used for comprehensively evaluating and ranking guidelines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Practice Guidelines as Topic
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1069-1078, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978747

ABSTRACT

italic>Artemisia argyi (A. argyi) is a Chinese herbal medicine in China. The main active components are volatile oils, flavonoids, and other compounds, which have various pharmacological activities. Methoxylated flavonoids are the main active ingredients in A. argyi. Flavonoid O-methyltransferase (FOMT) is a key enzyme in the O-methylation of flavonoids. In order to further understand the function and characteristics of FOMT proteins, this paper carried out the whole genome mining and identification of FOMT genes in A. argyi and performed phylogenetic, chromosomal localization, gene sequence characterization, subcellular localization prediction, protein structure, gene structure analysis, and expression pattern analysis. The results showed that a total of 83 FOMT genes were identified in the genome of A. argyi. The phylogenetic tree shows that FOMT genes are divided into two subgroups, CCoAOMT (caffeoyl CoA O-methyltransferase) subfamily (32 genes) and COMT (caffeic acid O-methyltransferase) subfamily (51 genes). Gene sequence analysis showed that the number of amino acids encoded by FOMT was 70-734 aa, the molecular weight was 25 296.55-34 241.3 Da, and the isoelectric point was 4.51-9.99. Compared with 32 members of the CCoAOMT subfamily, nearly 1/3 of the 51 members of the COMT subfamily were hydrophobic proteins and 2/3 were hydrophilic proteins. Subcellular localization prediction showed that more than 80% of CCoAOMT subfamily members were located in the cytoplasm, and 96% of COMT subfamily members were located in the chloroplast. COMT subfamily members have more motifs than CCoAOMT subfamily members. The N-terminal motifs of COMT subfamily proteins are relatively variable, while the C-terminal motifs are relatively conserved. Expression pattern analysis showed that CCoAOMT subfamily members were mainly expressed in roots, while COMT members were mainly expressed in leaves. Some FOMTs showed the tissue expression specificity by real-time quantitative PCR analysis, especially in leaves. In this study, we identified and analyzed the FOMT gene family in A. argyi, and provided a theoretical basis for further research on the function of FOMTs and the biosynthesis of methylated flavonoids in A. argyi.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978424

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the responses of radioactivity meter at different positions in the vertical direction of the ionization chamber by measuring different radioactive sources. Methods The radiation of cesium-137, cobalt-60, and americium-241 nuclides was measured at different positions in the vertical direction of the ionization chamber with commonly used clinical radioactivity meters. The measured values were fitted to obtain three trend lines. The maximum deviation of the measured values was estimated according to the trend line, and the deviation was estimated at different syringe needle heights. Results According to the trend lines, the maximum deviation of the radioactivity meter CRC-55tR in measuring cesium-137, cobalt-60, and americium-241 nuclides was 5.15%, 5.98%, and 6.25% respectively. The radioactivity meter RM-905a was used to measure three nuclides at different syringe needle heights, and the maximum deviations were −4.33%, −9.9%, and −12.65%, respectively. Conclusion The three nuclides showed different change patterns in measurement with CRC-55tR and RM-905a but similar change patterns in measurement with the same radioactivity meter. The values measured with the same radioactivity meter showed significant deviations at different positions in the vertical direction of the ionization chamber. It is recommended to make position correction for commonly used nuclides. Reducing measurement error and improving measurement accuracy of nuclides are of great significance for radiation protection.

20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1537-1546, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977839

ABSTRACT

To provide prevention and control strategies of occupational exposure risks to cytotoxic drug in medical institutions, improve the awareness of protection among medical staff,and reduce potential occupational exposure risks,the Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Occupational Exposure Risk to Cytotoxic Drugs in Medical Institutions is developed. Based on the World Health Organization Guidelines Development Manual,the exposure risk issues of the cytotoxic drug collected from the time that it entered the hospital to the several stages after delivery to hospital,such as transportation,receipt,storage,unpacking,dispensing,use of finished products,and waste disposal. Delphi method is used to construct identification of clinical issues,and evidence-based research method is used to develop relevant evidence. Quality evaluation is conducted by using the recommended GRADE method. The consensus is reached on the recommendation opinions and evidence levels through expert consensus method. By combining engineering controls,administrative controls and personal protective equipment at different levels,a graded control approach is established. A total of 37 clinical issues are identified,resulting in 36 recommendations. This guideline provides reference and supplementation for the formulation of cytotoxic drug prevention and control measures in medical institutions.

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