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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879188

ABSTRACT

The metabolites of salvianolic acid A and salvianolic acid B in rats were analyzed and compared by ultra-high-perfor-mance liquid chromatography with linear ion trap-orbitrap mass spectrometry(UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS). After the rats were administrated by gavage, plasma at different time points and urine within 24 hours were collected to be treated by solid phase extraction(SPE), then they were gradient eluted by Acquity UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) and 0.1% formic acid solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) mobile phase system, and finally all biological samples of rats were analyzed under negative ion scanning mode. By obtaining the accurate relative molecular mass and multi-level mass spectrometry information of metabolites, combined with the characteristic cleavage law of the reference standard and literature reports, a total of 30 metabolites, including salvianolic acid A and B, were identified. Among them, there were 24 metabolites derived from salvianolic acid A, with the main metabolic pathways including ester bond cleavage, dehydroxylation, decarboxylation, hydrogenation, methylation, hydroxylation, sulfonation, glucuronidation, and their multiple reactions. There were 15 metabolites of salvianolic acid B, and the main biotransformation pathways were five-membered ring cracking, ester bond cleavage, decarboxylation, dehydroxylation, hydrogenation, methylation, sulfonation, glucuronidation, and their compound reactions. In this study, the cross-metabolic profile of salvianolic acid A and B was elucidated completely, which would provide reference for further studies on the basis of pharmacodynamic substances and the exploration of pharmacological mechanism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzofurans , Caffeic Acids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Lactates , Mass Spectrometry , Rats , Technology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879174

ABSTRACT

Chrysanthemi Indici Flos(CIF), the capitulum of Chrysanthemum indicum, is widely used in proprietary Chinese medicine and daily chemical products. At present, CIF is mainly produced from wild resources and rarely cultivated. This study aims to reveal the correlations between linarin content in CIF and climatic factors in different habitats, and provide a theoretical basis for suitable zoning and rational production of medicinal materials. The content of linarin in CIF was determined by HPLC. Grey relational analysis and Pearson correlation analysis were carried out for linarin content with climatic factors. The results showed that the content of linarin in CIF was significantly different among different habitats. The grey relational degrees of climatic factors with linarin content was in an order of average annual precipitation>annual average sunshine hours>annual average temperature>longitude>annual frost-free period>latitude>altitude. Longitude, annual average temperature and average annual precipitation had significantly positive correlations with the content of linarin in CIF, whereas latitude and altitude showed negative correlations with it. The annual frost-free period and annual average sunshine hours had no significant correlation with the content of linarin in CIF. The content of linarin in CIF varied significantly in different habitats. High longitude, low latitude, low altitude, high annual average temperature and high annual average precipitation could be used as indicators for the habitats of high-quality Ch. indicum. This study provides a reference for selecting suitable producing areas of Ch. indicum and establishing artificial cultivation system.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chrysanthemum , Ecosystem , Glycosides
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879149

ABSTRACT

Plants have a memory function for the environmental stress they have suffered. When they are subjected to repeated environmental stress, they can quickly and better activate the response and adaptation mechanism to environmental stress, thus realizing long-term stable reproduction. However, most of the relevant studies are applied to crops and Arabidopsis thaliana rather than medicinal plants about the improvement of plant growth status and the effect on phytoalexin biosynthesis. In this study, yeast extract(YE) was used as an elicitor to simulate biotic stress, and the changes in biomass and the content of some secondary metabolites were measured by giving repeated stresses to Sorbus aucuparia suspension cell(SASC). The results showed that the accumulation levels of biomass and some secondary metabolites in SASC subjected to repeated stress are significantly increased at some time points compared with single stress. A phenomenon that SASC can memorize biotic stress is confirmed in this study and influences phytoalexin accumulation in SASC. Furthermore, the work laid the groundwork for research into the transgenerational stress memory mechanism of medicinal plant.


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Secondary Metabolism , Sorbus , Stress, Physiological
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879109

ABSTRACT

The research on endophytes of medicinal plants mainly relies on the traditional culture and isolation methods. Because of their functions such as promoting host growth, improving stress resistance, promoting the accumulation of medicinal active ingredients or directly producing medicinal active ingredients, the endophytes of medicinal plants have gradually attracted wide attention. However, it was found that the strains isolated by traditional methods were not the true dominant endophytes of medicinal plants by comparing the results of traditional culture isolation with high-throughput sequencing. The blind and random nature of traditional methods leads to the lack of standards in terms of medium selection, culture time and interaction between species. On the contrary, high-throughput sequencing technology is an emerging molecular biology technology developed in recent decades. Due to its high resolution level and indepen-dent culture, it can be used for thorough analysis of the community structure and diversity of environmental microorganisms. Therefore, we proposed the strategy of using high-throughput sequencing technology to guide the traditional culture and isolation of endophytes from medicinal plants. Firstly, the endophytic structure and diversity of medicinal plants were completely clear by high-throughput sequencing technology, and the dominant endophytes of the host were unequivocal. Then according to the characteristics of each dominant endophytes design or query suitable medium for its growth to culture and isolation. Finally, the function of the isolates was studied. This method can prevent researchers from missing out on the important functional strains of the host, expand the research scope of endophytes of medicinal plants, and facilitate the in-depth excavation and utilization of endophytes of medicinal plants.


Subject(s)
Endophytes/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Plants, Medicinal , Research Design
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878984

ABSTRACT

One new and two known dammarane-type saponins were isolated from the leaves of Gynostemma pentaphyllum using various chromatographic methods. Their structures were identified by HR-ESI-MS,~( 1)H-NMR, ~(13)C-NMR, 2 D-NMR spectra as 2α,3β,12β,20,24(S)-tetrahdroxydammar-25-en-3-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]-20-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside(1, a new compound, namely gypenoside J5) and 2α,3β,12β,20,24(R)-tetrahdroxydammar-25-en-3-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]-20-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside(2) and 2α,3β,12β,20-tetrahydroxy-25-hydroperoxy-dammar-23-en-3-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→2)][β-D-glucopyranosyl]-20-O-[β-D-xylopyranosyl(1→6)]-β-D-glucopy-ranoside(3), respectively. Compounds 1 and 2 were a pair of C-24 epimers. All compounds showed weak cytotoxicity agxinst H1299, HepG2, PC-3, SH-SY5 Y cancer cell lines. However, they exerted protective effect against SH-SY5 Y cellular damage induced by H_2O_2 dose-dependently, of which compound 1 displayed the strongest antioxidant effect. The present study suggested that G. pentaphyllum has antioxidative potential and the saponins from G. pentaphyllum are considered as the active compounds with neuroprotecitve effect.


Subject(s)
Gynostemma , Molecular Structure , Neuroprotective Agents/pharmacology , Saponins/pharmacology , Triterpenes/pharmacology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878982

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the effect of different drying methods(drying-in-the-shade, sun-drying, and hot air drying) on appearance characteristics, internal structure and composition of Belamcandae Rhizoma, so as to provide a theoretical basis for screening out suitable drying methods for primary processing. In this study, the Belamcandae Rhizoma's dynamic changes of the moisture content ratio and drying rate with different drying time under different drying methods, as well as the effects of different drying methods on the appearance, drying rate, density, ash, extractives and the contents of six flavonoids(mangiferin, tectoridin, iridin, tectorigenin, irigenin, irisflorentin) were compared. The results showed that fresh Belamcandae Rhizoma consumed the longest time to reach the water balance point by traditional dry drying in the shade, whiche was about 311 h; that by sun drying was 19.3%, which was shorter than drying in the shade; both drying curves were smoother. The section color of the sun drying samples was the closest to that of fresh samples, but the interior is full of holes, with a low density and loose structure. Hot air drying(40, 60, 80 ℃) could save about 27% to 88% of the drying time, which was greatly shorter, with less pores, a larger density and compact structure. Compared with the traditional drying method, the drying rate of hot air drying was reduced by 13.7%. Ash was affected by temperature, the drying conditions under 40 ℃ and below were not significantly different from those of conventional drying. The ash content decreased by 7.73% to 18.5% compared with conventional drying at 60,80 ℃. After conventional drying and 40 ℃ hot air drying, the contents of tectoridin and iridin(glycosides) in the samples were significantly higher than those in 60,80 ℃ hot air drying, while the contents of tectorigenin, irigenin and irisflorentin(aglycones) dried at 60 ℃ were the best. Therefore, considering comprehensive appearance characteristics and content of medicinal ingredients, traditional Chinese medicinal materials after 60 ℃ hot air drying show a solid texture, tight internal structure, good appearance, appropriate reduction of toxic parasides and higher aglycone content.


Subject(s)
Desiccation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Rhizome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878973

ABSTRACT

In order to identify the species and biological characteristics of the pathogen of southern blight from three kinds of Chinese medicine of Iridaceae(Belamcanda chinensis, Iris tectorum and I. japonica) in Dabie Mountains, the isolation, identification, pathogenicity and biological characteristics of the pathogens were studied according to Koch's postulates. In addition, 9 chemical fungicides, 3 botanical fungicides and 5 microbial fungicides were used to evaluate their inhibition to the isolates in vitro. The results showed that all the strains(SG-Q, YW-Q, and HDH-Q) isolated and purified from the diseased plants of B. chinensis, I. tectorum and I. japonica, respectively, were identified as Sclerotium rolfsii through morphological observation and sequence aligement of 18 S rDNA, rDNA-ITS and TEF. Field observations showed that the intensity of the disease incidence of three Iridaceae plants was B. chinensis>I. japonica> I. tectorum, and the pathogenicity of the strains was SG-Q>YW-Q>HDH-Q. For biological characteristics, SG-Q strain was suitable for growth under the 12 h light/12 h dark cycle, with the optimal growth temperature of 30 ℃ and pH of 5. Among the 9 tested chemical fungicides, 29% lime sulphure and 10% flusilazole had stronger inhibitory effect on mycelia growth of SG-Q. For 3 botanical fungicides, 1% osthol, 20% eugenol and 0.5% berberine could effectively inhibt the mycelial growth of SG-Q and cause the morphological variation of the pathogen. For 5 microbial fungicides, Trichoderma harzianum and Bacillus subtilis had better inhibition on the mycelium growth of SG-Q.


Subject(s)
Basidiomycota , Hypocreales , Iridaceae , Medicine
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878972

ABSTRACT

In this study, 24 copies of samples of Chrysanthemum morifolium and soil from two main production towns in Macheng city were collected, and the contents of 13 mineral elements, 5 effective components and 14 soil nutrient factors in Ch. morifolium were determined. The enrichment characteristics of available soil nutrients by mineral elements were analyzed and the dominant factors affecting the effective components of Ch. morifolium were screened. The results showed that the content of mineral elements and soil nutrients and effective components are very different, and variation of soil fertility was much greater than that of inorganic elements in chrysanthemum plants. In general, the level of element content in Ch. morifolium from different producing areas is K>N>P>Mg>Ca>Fe>Mn>Zn>Cu>Ni>Cr>Pb>Cd. The content of K, N and Mg is higher than that of common crops, and the content of Cu, Cd and Pb in Ch. morifolium from various producing areas does not exceed the relevant standards. The N, P and K enrichment capacity in soil was stronger than that of other elements, and the Ca enrichment ability was the worst. The content of AvCu in the soil was positively correlated with the contents of N, Mg, K, Fe and Cu elements in Ch. morifolium. The contents of chlorogenic acid, luteolin, 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid reached the pharmacopoeia standard. The percentage of chlorogenic acid and 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid in Ch. morifolium that from Huangtugang town in the active components were generally higher than that from Futianhe town, and the diffe-rences of luteolin contents in the two producing areas were relatively small. The correlation and regression analysis showed that the contents of Cu, Zn and Cr in Ch. morifolium were positively correlated with the active components, while the contents of Fe, Mn and Ni were negatively correlated with the contents of AvP, AvK, TK, AvMn and AvCu in soil. In general, Zn and Ca fertilizer should be added to the ecological planting of Ch. morifolium, K fertilizer should be added, and N and P fertilizer should be applied appropriately.


Subject(s)
Chrysanthemum , Fertilizers , Minerals , Nutrients , Soil
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878971

ABSTRACT

In this study, 23 germplasm resources of Chrysanthemum morifolium used in medicine and tea were collected from Dabie Mountains and its surrounding producing areas, and the contents of 13 mineral elements were determined and compared. The thermal maps of correlation analysis, principal component analysis and cluster analysis were used for comprehensive evaluation. The results showed that the average content of each element in Ch. morifolium of different germplasm resources was: K>N>P>Mg>Ca>Fe>Mn>Zn>Cu>Ni>Cr>Pb>Cd, and the leaves were: K>N>Ca>Mg>P>Fe>Mn>Zn>Cr>Cu>Ni>Pb>Cd. There are rich contents of N, P, K, Ca, Mg and Fe in Ch. morifolium flowers and their leaves, among them, K element has the largest change range, while N, Ca, Fe, Mg and Zn elements have a larger change range. The absorption and accumulation of each element in the leaves of different germplasm resources varied greatly. The correlation analysis shows that there is a strong positive correlation between Ca element, Mg, Mn and Cd element.Principal component analysis in Ch. morifolium flowers characteristic elements for Mn, Cr, Cu, P, K, can be used as a Ch. morifolium resources to identify the characteristics of the elements, choose top five principal component(F1-F5) comprehensive evalua-tion of medicinal Ch. morifolium, scored in the top five varieties for Hangiu-Fuhuangju, Hangju-Xiaoyangju, Hangju-Sheyangju, Hangju-Dayanghua, Hangju-Subeiju,indicates that in terms of mineral elements, the five medicinal Ch. morifolium resources quality is better. The PCA score chart can divide 23 Ch. morifolium resources into 4 groups, and the cluster analysis heat map divides 23 Ch. morifolium resources into 5 groups. All the Ch. morifolium resources of the same type can be well clustered together, indicating that the difference in mineral element content of Ch. morifolium germplasm resources is closely related to genetic factors.


Subject(s)
Chrysanthemum/genetics , Flowers/genetics , Minerals , Plant Leaves , Tea
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878713

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of sarcopenia on the efficacy of percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP)in the treatment of osteoporotic spinal compression fracture(OSCF)in elderly patients. Methods From February 2017 to June 2018,a total of 77 elderly patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in this study.Grip strength of dominant hand was measured by an electronic grip dynamometer with cut-off values of 27 kg for males and 16 kg for females.The cross-sectional area of the pedicle level muscle of the 12th thoracic vertebra(T12)was measured by chest CT.The skeletal muscle index(SMI)was calculated by dividing the T12 pedicle level muscle cross-sectional area by the square of body height.The SMI cut-off value used to diagnose sarcopenia was 42.6 cm


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sarcopenia/complications , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 208-216, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878249

ABSTRACT

The transcription factor X-box binding protein-1 (XBP1) plays a key role in unfolded protein reaction. This study was aimed to investigate the expression pattern and regulation of XBP1 in the mouse uterus during early pregnancy. The methods of immunohistochemistry (IHC) and real time quantitative RT-PCR were used to test XBP1 expression in early pregnancy, artificial decidualization, oestrous cycle and hormone-regulated mouse models. The results showed that XBP1 was spatiotemporally expressed in mouse uterus during early pregnancy. The XBP1 protein was mainly detected in the luminal and glandular epithelia on days 1-4 of pregnancy, and was strongly detected in the decidual area on days 5-8 of pregnancy. Similarly, XBP1 expression was also mainly expressed in decidual cells following artificial decidualization. During the oestrous cycle, Xbp1, Xbp1u, and Xbp1s mRNA was predominantly present in proestrus. In the ovariectomized uterus, the expression of XBP1 in luminal and glandular epithelia was up-regulated after estrogen treatment. These results suggest that XBP1 is associated with embryo implantation and decidualization during early pregnancy in mice, and the expression of XBP1 in luminal and glandular epithelia may be regulated by estrogen.


Subject(s)
Animals , Decidua , Embryo Implantation , Estrogens , Female , Mice , Pregnancy , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Uterus
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862546

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the risk factors for portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in cirrhotic patients with esophageal varices, and to establish a nomogram for predicting the risk of PVT. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 283 cirrhotic patients with esophageal varices who attended Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from December 2013 to December 2018, and according to imaging findings, the patients were divided into PVT group with 119 patients and non-PVT group with 164 patients. The t-test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to screen out independent risk factors; a nomogram was established and validated based on the results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis, and C-index and calibration curve were used to evaluate its performance. ResultsThe univariate analysis showed that compared with the non-PVT group, the PVT group had significantly higher Child-Pugh class (χ2=9.388, P=0.009), proportion of patients with a history of splenectomy (χ2=26.805, P<0.001), white blood cell count (Z=-2.248, P=0.025), platelet count (Z=-3.323, P=0.001), D-dimer(Z=-6.236, P<0.001), and spleen thickness (Z=-2.432, P=0.015) and a significantly lower level of triglyceride (TG) (Z=-4.150, P<0.001). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that a reduction in TG (odds ratio [OR]=0.441, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.190-0.889), an increase in D-dimer (OR=1.151, 95%CI: 1.041-1.272), prolonged prothrombin time (PT) (OR=1160, 95%CI: 1.025-1.313), and a history of splenectomy (OR=2.933, 95%CI: 1.164-7.389) were independent risk factors for PVT in cirrhotic patients with esophageal varices. In addition, a nomogram was established based on the results of the multivariate regression analysis, with a C-index of 0.745, and the calibration curve showed good consistency between the observed and predicted values for the development of PVT. ConclusionA reduction in TG, an increase in D-dimer, prolonged PT, and a history of splenectomy are independent risk factors for PVT in cirrhotic patients with esophageal varices, and the nomogram developed based on these results can provide a quantitative and intuitive tool for clinicians to assess the risk of PVT.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861639

ABSTRACT

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignant clonal disease of the plasma cells in bone marrow. Despite the progress of MM treatment, almost all patients will relapse or become resistant to the prescribed drugs. As such, new treatment targets are urgently needed. As well as genetic defects and bone marrow microenvironment disorders, increasing evidence shows that epigenetic regulation plays an important role in MM. Studies have shown that mutations in epigenetic factors are often related to genomic instability, drug resistance and disease progression. These mutations have been found to increase after treatment, particularly histone methylation and DNA methylation modifying enzymes. Here, we reviewed the progress in histone methylation modification in MM, in particular the role of histone methyltransferases (HMTs) and histone demethylases (HDMs) in the development of MM.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885295

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the perioperative complications of carotid endarterectomy with patch angioplasty or primary closure.Methods:The clinical data of 492 carotid endarterectomy patients at the Vascular Surgery Department of Anzhen Hospital from Mar 2003 to Dec 2016 was analyzed retrospectively.Results:There were 364 cases (74%) in the patch angioplasty group and 128 cases (26%) in the primary closure group. The incidence of perioperative ischemic stroke was significantly lower in the patch angioplasty group than that in the primary closure group (0.8% vs. 3.9%, P=0.031), and there was no difference in the incidence of the remaining perioperative complications. By subgroup analysis, the incidence of perioperative ischemic stroke was significantly lower in the patch angioplasty group than in the primary closure group when the diameter of the internal carotid artery was <5 mm (0.7% vs. 6.0%, P=0.001), whereas there was no difference between the two groups when the diameter of the internal carotid artery was ≥5 mm. Conclusions:Carotid endarterectomy with patch angioplasty can reduce the incidence of perioperative cerebral infarction, especially in cases with an internal carotid artery diameter <5 mm.

15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 444-449, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884905

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between sarcopenia and post-stroke cognitive impairment(PSCI)in elderly patients with first-time acute minor ischemic stroke.Methods:This was a prospective study.Elderly patients over 60 years of age with first-time acute minor ischemic stroke admitted to the Department of Neurology of the General Hospital of Western Theater Command from October 2018 to June 2019 were continuously enrolled.Patients received the SARC-F score assessment within 24h after admission and were divided into two groups according to their SARC-F scores: the non-sarcopenia group(SARC-F score<4)and the sarcopenia group(SARC-F score≥4). Cognitive function was assessed by using the Mini-Mental State Examination(MMSE)within 24 h of admission and at 3-month follow-up.Results:A total of 211 patients were enrolled in this study, including 31 patients(31/211, 14.69%)in the sarcopenia group and 180 patients(180/211, 85.31%)in the non-sarcopenia group.The incidence of PSCI was higher in the sarcopenia group than in the non-sarcopenia group(83.87% or 26/31 vs.55.56% or 100/180, χ2=8.814, P=0.003). The total MMSE score, orientation, immediate memory, attention, calculation and language functions were lower in the sarcopenia group compared with non-sarcopenia group( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that sarcopenia was an independent risk factor for PSCI( OR=3.478, 95% CI: 1.039-11.642, P=0.043)in the elderly with first-time acute minor ischemic stroke. Conclusions:Sarcopenia is an independent risk factor for PSCI in elderly patients with first-time acute minor ischemic stroke.Sarcopenia assessment in the acute phase of stroke might help doctors to assess the risk of PSCI and reduce the incidence of PSCI in stroke patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 203-207, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884868

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma(AITL)in middle and old age patients.Methods:This was a retrospective study.A total of 33 middle-aged and elderly patients(a median age of 64 years, range 47~85 years)with AITL admitted to our hospital from May 2008 to March 2017, including 54.5% male(18 cases), were enrolled in this study.Clinical manifestations, pathology, imaging and survival data of patients were collected.The objective response rate(ORR)of patients with different therapeutic regimens was analyzed.The survival analysis was conducted by using the Kaplan-Meier method, the survival rate was analyzed by using the Log-rank method, and multivariate analysis was conducted by using the proportional hazards regression model.Results:The median overall survival(OS)was 26.0 months(8.5-43.5 months). The 1-year, 3-year and 5-year OS rate was 66.7%(22 cases), 45.5%(15 cases)and 24.2%(8 cases), respectively.The ORR of first-line chemotherapy with CHOP-like regimens(cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone)was 65.5%(19/29)and the incidence of serious adverse reactions was 64.5%(20/31). Single-factor chi-square testing showed that age ≥60 years, Barthel score ≥90, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score(ECOG-PS)≥2, anemia, International prognostic index(IPI)score of 4~5, receiving chidamide treatment were influncing factors for the prognosis in middle-aged and elderly patients with AITL( χ2=5.103, 4.306, 6.004, 4.030, 6.348 and 4.080, P<0.05). Cox multivariate analysis showed that age ≥60 years and receiving chidamide treatment were independent prognostic factors affecting the 5-year survival rate of middle-aged and elderly AITL patients( OR=0.313 and 4.964, P<0.05). That the OS was better in the group receiving chidamide treatment than in the group without chidamide treatment( P<0.05). Conclusions:Clinical features of AITL are diverse and lack of specificity.Most patients present with advanced stage AITL at the initial diagnosis.The 5-year OS rate is low.AITL patients aged over 60 years have a poor prognosis.Chidamide can improve the OS rate.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884490

ABSTRACT

With the global pandemic of COVID-19, cytokine storms in critical patients with pneumonia is really a problem and need to be solved immediately.Low dose radiation therapy (LDRT) has been temporarily used to treat pneumonia.In the past decades, researchers were dedicated to clarify the biological mechanism of LDRT.LDRT plays a unique role in the suppression of inflammation, preliminary outcomes have been acquired in critical patients with COVID-19 pneumonia, and radiotherapy community is paying attention to this treatment strategy.This review summarizes the application of LDRT in pneumonia, its biological mechanism, the result of LDRT in COVID-19 pneumonia, the existing problems and prospective in clinic.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883934

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between cognitive impairment and intestinal mucosal barrier injury in rats after chronic cerebral hypoperfusion(CCH), and to quantitatively analyze the changes in cognitive behavior of experimental rats caused by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, as well as the expression changes of the intestinal mucosal barrier claudin-1 and osteopontin.Methods:Thirty male SD rats were randomly divided into CCH group ( n=15) and sham operation (SHAM) control group ( n=15). The CCH model was established by permanent ligation of bilateral common carotid arteries.Rats in the SHAM group only separated the common carotid artery without ligation.Four weeks later, open field experiment, object discrimination experiment, and Morris water maze experiment were used to detect the emotional arousal ability, the ability to explore new things, and the ability of spatial learning and memory in rats.HE staining and immunofluorescence experiments were conducted to detect the damage of rat ileum tissue.Western blot was used to detect OPN expression, and ELISA was used to detect serum OPN.SPSS 23.0 and GraphPad 8.0 statistical softwares were used to process the data, and the t-test and repeated measures one-way analysis of variance were used for data analysis. Results:In the open field test, compared with the SHAM group ((28.70±10.70)times, (1 030.45±81.51)cm), the number of standing and total exercise distance of rats in the CCH group ((16.70±7.13)times, (736.64±136.71)cm) were decreased( t=1.59, 4.16, both P<0.05). In the object discrimination experiment, the discrimination index of rats in the CCH group (0.44±0.26) was lower than that of the SHAM group (0.91±0.07, t=-7.76, P<0.05). Morris water maze positioning navigation experiment showed that the group main effect and time main effect were both significant( F=383.36, 153.87, P<0.05). Simple effect analysis showed that, compared with the SHAM group, the escape latency and total swimming distance of rats in CCH group increased( P<0.05). Space exploration experiment showed that, compared with SHAM group ((7.20±1.81)times, (9.96±2.95)s), the number of crossings of rats in CCH group ((3.00±0.82)times) decreased, and the incubation period ((29.70±6.28)s) was prolonged( t=4.65, 7.04, both P<0.05). The intestinal mucosal pathology score of SHAM group ((1.98±0.34)points) was lower than that of the CCH group ((4.52±0.27)points), and the difference was significant( t=18.53, P<0.01). Immunofluorescence experiment showed that, compared with SHAM group (125 028.58±33 077.39), the cumulative optical density of claudin-1 between the intestinal epithelial cells of the CCH group(47 154.50±7 507.29) decreased( t=16.10, P<0.01). Western blot experiment showed that, compared with the SHAM group (0.38±0.11), the expression of OPN in the intestines of the CCH group (1.20±0.95) increased( P<0.05). ELISA experiment showed that, compared with the SHAM group ((3.42±0.66)μg/L), the serum OPN content of the CCH group ((14.92±1.45)μg/L) significantly increased( P<0.05). The degree of cognitive impairment was negatively correlated with intestinal mucosal epithelial claudin-1 expression and serum OPN content( P<0.01). Intestinal mucosal epithelial claudin-1 expression was negatively correlated with serum OPN content ( r=-0.952, P<0.01). Conclusion:CCH may cause obvious cognitive impairment in rats and the destruction of the intestinal mucosal barrier.Serum OPN may be a potential serological marker of CCH-induced cognitive impairment and intestinal mucosal barrier destruction in rats.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883658

ABSTRACT

This paper systematically introduces the progress and main practices of the three-year campaign for prevention and treatment of endemic diseases, discusses the effectiveness of prevention and treatment of endemic diseases in improving the health level of people in endemic areas and getting rid of poverty, heading for a well-off life in an all-round way, and demonstrates the experience of prevention and treatment of endemic diseases in China and its far-reaching influence on the process of consolidating the achievements of poverty alleviation and realizing the strategy of rural revitalization.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882415

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the expression of microchromosome maintenance protein 4 (MCM4) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, and to explore the clinical prognosis of MCM4 and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. To explore the possibility of MCM4 as a potential biomarker for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.Methods:The mRNA level of MCM4 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and normal tissues adjacent to the cancer was analyzed by bioinformatics methods, and the relationship between its expression and the survival rate of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma was analyzed. The clinicopathological data of 76 patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma who underwent surgical treatment were retrospectively analyzed. Immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expression level of MCM4 protein in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissue and normal tissues adjacent to the cancer, and to analyze its relationship with clinicopathological characteristics of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.Results:The results of bioinformatics analysis showed that MCM4 mRNA was significantly highly expressed in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissue, and was significantly correlated with the overall survival rate and disease-free survival rate of patients (all P<0.05). Immunohistochemical results showed that the expression of MCM4 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissue was significantly higher than that in normal tissues adjacent to the cancer. The high expression of MCM4 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissue was related to tumor size ( P=0.038), but not related to age, gender, and tumor grade (all P>0.05). Conclusions:MCM4 is highly expressed in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissues and indicates a poor prognosis, and its expression level is related to the tumor stage of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. MCM4 may serve as a new potential biomarker for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

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