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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928953

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effectiveness of Jiuwei Zhuhuang Powder (JWZH), a Tibetan patent medicine in treating upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) associated cough in children.@*METHODS@#The study was a multicenter, randomized, open-label, controlled trial. A total of 142 children aged 2 to 14 years old, with URTI-associated cough within 48 h of onset, were randomly assigned to two groups at a 1:1 ratio by computer-generated randomization sequence. Children were treated with JWZH (1 to 1.5 g, twice to thrice daily) in the treatment group or conventional treatment (Pediatric Paracetamol, Artificial Cow-bezoar and Chlorphenamine Maleate Granules, 0.25 to 1 g, thrice daily) in the control group for 5 days. The primary endpoints were the time to cough resolution and 4-day cough resolution rate. The secondary endpoints were the daily improvement in symptom scores and cough resolution rate during the study period.@*RESULTS@#A total of 138 children were included in the intention-to-treat analysis, with 71 cases in the treatment group and 67 cases in the control group. Compared with the conventional treatment, the children receiving JWZH had a shorter time to cough resolution [hazard ratio, 2.10; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.29-3.40; P=0.003]. The median time to cough resolution for children receiving JWZH was shorter than that of the conventional treatment (2 days vs. 3 days; P<0.001). The 4-day cough resolution rate in the JWZH group was higher than that of the control group (94.4% vs. 74.6%; risk difference: 19.8%, 95% CI: 8.1%-31.5%; relative risk: 1.265, 95% CI: 1.088-1.470; P=0.001). There were no statistically significant differences in the improvement of other symptoms caused by URTI (P>0.05). Adverse events was reported in 5.6% (4/71) and 4.5% (3/67) in participants of JWZH and PPACCM groups (P>0.05), respectively, which were all mild and resolved without treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#JWZH seemed to be a safe and effective therapy for URTI-associated cough in children. (Trial registration No. ChiCTR2000039421).


Subject(s)
Child , Cough/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Nonprescription Drugs , Powders , Respiratory Tract Infections/drug therapy
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of thumb-tack needles based on "Biaoben acupoint compatibility" on sequela symptoms, mental state and pulmonary ventilation function in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) during recovery period.@*METHODS@#Fifty cases of COVID-19 during recovery period were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 25 cases in each group. The patients in the observation group were treated with thumb-tack needles at Guanyuan (CV 4), Zusanli (ST 36) and Taiyuan (LU 9). The patients in the control group were treated with sham thumb-tack needles at identical acupoints as the observation group. The treatment in the two groups was given once a day, 7-day treatment was taken as a course of treatment, and totally two courses of treatment were given. The TCM symptom score, Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) score, Hamilton depression scale (HAMD) score, pulmonary function (forced vital capacity [FVC], forced expiratory volume in the first second [FEV1], peak expiratory flow [PEF]), the severity of pulmonary ventilation dysfunction and pulmonary imaging changes in the two groups were compared before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the total scores and each item scores of TCM symptom scale, HAMA scores and HAMD scores in the two groups were reduced after treatment (P<0.05). Except for the symptom scores of dry throat and dry stool, the total score and each item score of TCM symptom scale, HAMA score and HAMD score in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared before treatment, FVC, FEV1 and PEF in the two groups were increased after treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were higher than the control group (P<0.05). The severity of pulmonary ventilation dysfunction in the two groups was reduced after treatment (P<0.05), and the severity in the observation group was better than that in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the lung shadow area in the two groups was decreased (P<0.05), and that in the observation group was smaller than the control group (P<0.05). The improvement of imaging change in the observation group was better than that in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The thumb-tack needles based on "Biaoben acupoint compatibility" could significantly reduce the sequela symptoms, anxiety and depression in patients with COVID-19 during recovery stage, and improve the pulmonary ventilation function.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Anxiety/etiology , COVID-19/therapy , Depression/etiology , Humans , Needles , Respiratory Function Tests , Thumb
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness and security of posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy (PPECD) in the treatment of single level cervical spondylopathy with intraspinal ossification.@*METHODS@#Twenty three patients with single level cervical spondylopathy with intraspinal ossification were treated by posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy between August 2017 and July 2019. There were 16 males and 7 females, aged from 29 to 74 years old with an average of (50±13) years.The disease duration were 3 to 120 months with a median of 6 months. There were 9 cases of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy, 6 cases of cervical spondylotic myelopathy, and 8 cases of mixed cervical spondylopathy. According to the characteristics of ossification, 17 cases were osteophytes on the posterior edge of the vertebral body;3 cases were protrusion ossification;3 cases were posterior longitudinal ligament ossification. According to the position of ossification in spinal canal, 14 cases were medial and lateral type, 5 cases were central type, and 4 cases were mixed type. Posterior percutaneous cervical endoscopic cervical discectomy in patients performed by the same surgeon. Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and visual analogue scale(VAS) were compared separately before and after operation. At 3 months after operation, clinical effect was assessed according to modified Macnab standard.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successful. The operative time was 30 to 155 (69.1±27.2) min. The bedridden time was 2 to 3(3.0±0.9) h, length of postoperative hospitalization was 2 to 7(4.1± 1.5) d. Three dimensional CT reconstruction of the cervical spine at 3 days after operation showed that ossified tissue of 13 cases were completely removed, and 10 cases were left after operation, and the residual was located at the posterior edge and/or center of the upper vertebral body. VAS score at discharge from hospital was significantly lower than that before operation (@*CONCLUSION@#For an experienced surgeon, percutaneous posterior cervical endoscopic discectomy is safe and reliable in treating single level cervical spondylopathy with intraspinal ossification, and can obtain good clinical results.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Osteogenesis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878964

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicine in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis(KOA) with network Meta-analysis, and provide evidence-based medicine evidences for clinical practice. PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and CBM were used to search for clinical randomized controlled trials(RCTs) on Chinese patent medicines for treatment of knee osteoarthritis, with a time limit from the establishment of each database to March 2020. The bias risk assessment tool recommended by Cochrane was used to evaluate the quality of the included RCTs. The network Meta-analysis was performed by Stata 14.0 software. A total of 5 788 patients in 58 RCTs were included, involving 9 kinds of Chinese patent medicines. The results of the network Meta-analysis indicated that in terms of total effective rate, the top three optimal medication regimens were Jinwu Gutong Capsules + Amino Acid Glucose(AAG), Xianling Gubao + AAG and Biqi Capsules; the top three interventions to reduce the VAS score were Panlongqi Tablets > Xianling Gubao + AAG > Xianling Gubao + non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDs); the top three interventions to reduce the total score of WOMAC were Jintiange Capsules+NSAIDs> Jinwu Gutong Capsules + AAG > Biqi Capsules + NSAIDs; the top three medication schemes with better curative effect to reduce Lequesnse index were Xianling Gubao + NSAIDs > Biqi Capsules + NSAIDs > Jintiange Capsules + NSAIDs; the top three interventions to reduce TNF-α level Xianling Gubao + AAG > Jintiange Capsules > Jintiange Capsules + AAG=Jinwu Gutong Capsules + AAG. In terms of safety, the top five interventions with the least adverse reactions were Biqi Capsules > Jinwu Gutong Capsules > Biqi Capsules + NSAIDs > Xianling Gubao + NSAIDs > Jintiange Capsules. The combined application of Chinese patent medicine and NSADIs or AAG can improve the clinical treatment effect and reduce adverse reactions in KOA patients.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of glucose metabolism disorders on the short-term prognosis in neonates with asphyxia.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of the neonates with asphyxia who were admitted to 52 hospitals in Hubei Province of China from January to December, 2018 and had blood glucose data within 12 hours after birth. Their blood glucose data at 1, 2, 6, and 12 hours after birth (with an allowable time error of 0.5 hour) were recorded. According to the presence or absence of brain injury and/or death during hospitalization, the neonates were divided into a poor prognosis group with 693 neonates and a good prognosis group with 779 neonates. The two groups were compared in the incidence of glucose metabolism disorders within 12 hours after birth and short-term prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the good prognosis group, the poor prognosis group had a significantly higher proportion of neonates from secondary hospitals (48.5% vs 42.6%, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Recurrent hyperglycemia in neonates with asphyxia may suggest poor short-term prognosis, and it is necessary to strengthen the early monitoring and management of the nervous system in such neonates.


Subject(s)
Asphyxia , Asphyxia Neonatorum/epidemiology , Humans , Hyperglycemia , Infant, Newborn , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 844-847, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912979

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) biliary stent implantation in patients with unresectable malignant biliary stricture (MBS) and the influencing factors of overall survival.Methods:The clinical data of 346 patients who underwent ERCP biliary stent implantation due to MBS from May 2013 to October 2016 in Xijing Digestive Disease Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University, Shanxi Bethune Hospital and Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital of Fujian Medical University were retrospectively analyzed, and the efficacy, complications and risk factors affecting overall survival were also analyzed.Results:After ERCP biliary stent implantation, the levels of total bilirubin, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, alkaline phosphatase and alanine aminotransferase were lower than those before surgery (all P < 0.01). The incidence of infection after operation was 14.7% (51/346), and the incidence of biliary infection was 13.0% (45/346). The incidence of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) was 4.6% (16/346). The median survival time after ERCP was 131.0 d (70.3 d, 246.5 d). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the independent risk factors affecting the overall survival patients included the hilar bile duct stenosis ( HR = 1.85, 95% CI 1.44-2.38, P < 0.01), preoperative bilirubin level exceeding the upper limit of normal level by 5 times ( HR = 1.75, 95% CI 1.30-2.36, P < 0.01), carbohydrate antigen 199 level exceeding the upper limit of normal level by 10 times ( HR = 1.27, 95% CI 1.00-1.61, P = 0.050), vascular and organ metastasis ( HR = 1.32, 95% CI 1.04-1.69, P = 0.023), and the poor jaundice decreasing level ( HR = 1.37, 95% CI 1.02-1.85, P = 0.037) . Conclusions:The ERCP biliary stent implantation is a safe and effective therapy for MBS. ERCP biliary stent implantation MBS patients with hilar bile duct stenosis, preoperative bilirubin levels more than 5 times of the upper limit of normal level, carbohydrate antigen 199 levels more than 10 times of the upper limit of normal level, vascular and organ metastasis, and poor jaundice decreasing level may have poor overall survival.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912878

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of 'Tong Du Yun Pi' (Governor Vessel-unblocking and spleen-promoting) manipulation in treating infantile diarrhea in autumn. Methods: Eighty-four kids were divided into a control group and an observation group using the random number table method, with 42 cases in each group. The control group was intervened by oral administration of montmorillonite powder, and the observation group was given additional 'Tong Du Yun Pi' pediatric massage (tuina) treatment. After treatment, the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) symptoms scores, symptom improvement time, clinical efficacy and immune function indicators were compared between the two groups. Results: After treatment, the total effective rate was 95.2% in the observation group versus 76.2% in the control group, and the between-group difference was statistically significant (P<0.05); each item score in TCM symptoms was notably lower in the observation group than in the control group (all P<0.05); among the effective cases, the times to restore normal defecation, relieve abdominal bloating, arrest vomiting, and bring down the fever were markedly shorter in the observation group than in the control group, and the between-group differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05); the levels of immunoglobulin (Ig) G, IgM, CD4+ and CD4+/CD8+ were significantly higher and CD8+ was significantly lower in the observation group than in the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusion: In the treatment of infantile diarrhea in autumn, based on oral administration of montmorillonite powder, 'Tong Du Yun Pi' manipulation can notably improve diarrheal symptoms, shorten disease duration, and strengthen the immunity of kids, producing more significant efficacy than oral administration of montmorillonite powder.

8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 479-483, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888459

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is emerging as a global health threat and shows a higher risk for men than women. Thus far, the studies on andrological consequences of COVID-19 are limited. To ascertain the consequences of COVID-19 on sperm parameters after recovery, we recruited 41 reproductive-aged male patients who had recovered from COVID-19, and analyzed their semen parameters and serum sex hormones at a median time of 56 days after hospital discharge. For longitudinal analysis, a second sampling was obtained from 22 of the 41 patients after a median time interval of 29 days from first sampling. Compared with controls who had not suffered from COVID-19, the total sperm count, sperm concentration, and percentages of motile and progressively motile spermatozoa in the patients were significantly lower at first sampling, while sperm vitality and morphology were not affected. The total sperm count, sperm concentration, and number of motile spermatozoa per ejaculate were significantly increased and the percentage of morphologically abnormal sperm was reduced at the second sampling compared with those at first in the 22 patients examined. Though there were higher prolactin and lower progesterone levels in patients at first sampling than those in controls, no significant alterations were detected for any sex hormones examined over time following COVID-19 recovery in the 22 patients. Although it should be interpreted carefully, these findings indicate an adverse but potentially reversible consequence of COVID-19 on sperm quality.


Subject(s)
Adult , Asthenozoospermia/virology , COVID-19/physiopathology , China , Gonadal Steroid Hormones/blood , Humans , Male , Progesterone/blood , Prolactin/blood , SARS-CoV-2 , Semen/physiology , Semen Analysis , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa/physiology , Time Factors
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885625

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of spinal manipulation on chronic, non-specific neck pain.Methods:Thirty patients with chronic, nonspecific neck pain were divided randomly into an observation group ( n=15) and a control group ( n=15). Patients in the observation group were given 20 minutes of a novel 4R spinal manipulation (resetting joint malalignment, resetting abnormal muscle, resetting joint stabiliazation, resetting sensorimotor control) twice a week for 2 weeks while the control group were given 20 minutes of medium frequency and high frequency conventional physiotherapy 4 times a week, also for 2 weeks. Before the treatment, right after, and one and three months later, both groups were evaluated using a visual analogue scale (VAS) and a neck disability index (NDI). Right before and after the treatment, cervical flexion and extension range of motion (ROM) were measured. The surface electromyography was employed to record the root mean square (RMS) of the EMG amplitude and the median frequency (MF) from the erector spinae and upper trapezius. Results:Before the treatment no significant differences were found in any of the measurements between the two groups. Afterward and one and three months later the average VAS, NDI and cervical ROM results of both groups had improved significantly, with the improvements in the observation group significantly greater than those in the control group on average. After 2 weeks of treatment, the average RMS and MF values had improved in both groups, again with the observation group′s average values significantly better than those of the control group.Conclusion:Spinal manipulation can effectively improve the strength and stamina of cervical muscle groups in patients with chronic, non-specific neck pain.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884566

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) in patients with pulmonary oligometastases.Methods:Clinical data of patients with pulmonary metastases treated with SABR from 2011 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The local control rate (LCR) and overall survival (OS) were calculated by Kaplan- Meier method. log-rank test was used for univariate analysis and Cox’s regression model for multivariate analysis. Results:A total of 214 lung metastases were detected in 159 patients, and the median follow-up time was 43 months. The 1-, 3-and 5-year LCR were 90.1%, 73.9% and 65.8%, respectively. The 1-, 3-and 5-year OS were 73.8%, 43.6% and 11.9%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that biological effective dose (BED)≥100 Gy was significantly correlated with LCR ( P=0.033). Cox’s multivariate analysis showed that BED and primary tumor source were the independent prognostic factors of LCR ( P=0.023, P=0.043). No>grade 3 adverse events were observed in all patients during treatment. Conclusions:SABR is a safe and effective treatment of lung oligometastases. SABR should be actively aD ministered for pulmonary oligometastases, especially for those with lesions from lung cancer and the radiation dose should be selected as BED ≥100 Gy.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884490

ABSTRACT

With the global pandemic of COVID-19, cytokine storms in critical patients with pneumonia is really a problem and need to be solved immediately.Low dose radiation therapy (LDRT) has been temporarily used to treat pneumonia.In the past decades, researchers were dedicated to clarify the biological mechanism of LDRT.LDRT plays a unique role in the suppression of inflammation, preliminary outcomes have been acquired in critical patients with COVID-19 pneumonia, and radiotherapy community is paying attention to this treatment strategy.This review summarizes the application of LDRT in pneumonia, its biological mechanism, the result of LDRT in COVID-19 pneumonia, the existing problems and prospective in clinic.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 393-397, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884063

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and influencing factors of E-cervix cervical elasticity analysis technology in analyzing normal cervical function during non pregnancy.Methods:213 women who underwent vaginal ultrasound examination in the Ultrasound Department of Foshan Maternal and Child Health Hospital from May 2019 to November 2019 were selected as the research objects. Taking the median sagittal section of the cervix as the initial section, the E-cervix technology software package was started to automatically obtain the elastic contrast index (ECI), hardness ratio (HR), cervical strain rate (IOS), cervical strain rate (EOS), cervical strain ratio (IOS/EOS) and cervical length (CL). The relationship among age, menstrual cycle, BMI index, birth history, delivery mode and elastic parameters were compared.Results:There was no correlation between the elastic parameters and age, and there was no significant difference among different age groups ( P>0.05); there was no significant difference in the elastic parameters of cervical tissue in menstrual period, proliferative period and secretory period ( P>0.05); there was no significant difference in the elastic parameters of underweight, normal and overweight ( P>0.05); CL was positively correlated with body mass index (BMI) ( r=0.225, P<0.05), there was no correlation between other parameters and BMI ( P>0.05); there was no significant difference between the elastic parameters of patients with and without birth history ( P>0.05); the CL of women with cesarean section [(34.22±4.96)mm] was higher than that of women with natural birth [(29.03±4.14)mm] ( P<0.05), and the other parameters had no statistical significance ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The elastic parameters of cervix obtained by E-cervix technique are not affected by age, BMI, menstrual period, reproductive history and delivery mode, and can be used for quantitative evaluation of cervical function.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910369

ABSTRACT

As a method for local treatment, radiotherapy plays a key role in the management of tumors. In the past few decades, great progress has been made in radiotherapy technology, with improvements in conformity, homogeneity, and radiotherapy efficiency, and the results are encouraging. Nevertheless, the maximum tolerated dose of normal tissue has limited the further increase in radiotherapy dose in the tumor area. If radiation-induced toxicities can be reduced, a higher radiotherapy dose can be delivered to tumor tissue, so as to achieve a better treatment response. In recent years, the unique FLASH effect of ultra-high-dose-rate radiotherapy (FLASH-RT) is capable of maintaining a consistent tumor response whilst reducing radiation-induced toxicities in normal tissue, and therefore, FLASH-RT has become a research hotspot in the field of radiotherapy across the world. At present, some scholars tend to explain the FLASH effect using the theory of acute oxygen depletion, but the protective effect of FLASH-RT on normal tissue remains to be clarified. In addition, preliminary clinical studies have been conducted for FLASH-RT, and the results are promising. Based on existing evidence, this article elaborates on the research advances in FLASH-RT in the treatment of malignant tumor, so as to provide a reference for the translation and application of this new technique.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798801

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy and prognostic factors of recurrent esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after neoadjuvant therapy combined with surgery.@*Methods@#From December 2011 to December 2015, 152 cases of recurrent thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after neoadjuvant therapy combined with surgery were retrospectively analyzed. The overall survival (OS) after treatment failure, clinical efficacy and prognostic factors of different salvage treatments were analyzed. OS was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Prognostic analysis was performed by using multivariate Cox regression model.@*Results@#The median interval of the first recurrence was 10.6(2.0 to 69.1) months. The median OS after recurrence was 8.0(0.8 to 43.3) months. The 1-, 2-and 3-year OS rates after recurrence were 36.0%, 15.1% and 5.2%, respectively. The median OS of patients with locoregional recurrence alone, distant metastasis alone and locoregional recurrence combined with distant metastasis was 11.3(1.8 to 43.3) months, 6.7(1.2 to 28.6) months and 5.1(0.8 to 22.9) months, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that neoadjuvant chemotherapy (P=0.009), ypTNM stage (P=0.012), comprehensive treatment after recurrence (P=0.000) and locoregional recurrence (P=0.026) were independently correlated with the OS of patients with recurrent esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.@*Conclusions@#Neoadjuvant therapy, ypTNM stage, recurrence pattern and post-recurrence treatment are the independent risk factors for clinical prognosis of patients with recurrent esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after neoadjuvant therapy combined with surgery. Clinical prognosis of patients with recurrent esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after neoadjuvant therapy is not satisfactory. After recurrence, combined treatment mode should be adopted according to the site of recurrence and neoadjuvant treatment mode to maximize the benefits of salvage treatment.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871185

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of contralateral controlled functional electrical stimulation (CCFES) on the recovery of upper limb motor function after a stroke.Methods:Stroke survivors 1 to 6 months after onset were randomly divided into a CCFES group (14 cases, group A), a CCFES intensive group (14 cases, group B) and a neuromuscular electrical stimulation group (15 cases , group C). In addition to routine rehabilitation training, groups A and B received contralateral controlled functional electrical stimulation, while Group C received routine neuromuscular electrical stimulation. Group B was treated twice daily, while the other two groups were given 1 session each day, 5 times a week for 3 weeks. Each session lasted 20 minutes. The Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA), the Modified Barthel Index (MBI), surface electromyography and the active range of motion for wrist dorsiflexion were used to evaluate the subjects′ upper limb function before and after the treatment.Results:There was no significant difference in any of the measurements among the three groups before the treatment. After the treatment, all of them had improved significantly, with the improvements in groups A and B significantly greater than in group C, on average.Conclusions:Both normal and intensive contralateral controlled functional electrical stimulation have significant advantages over neuromuscular electrical stimulation in promoting functional recovery of the upper limbs. Intensive CCFES training is superior to routine training in improving muscle strength and range of motion.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868637

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of mannose on the radiosensitivity of six human non-small cell lung cancer cell lines and its possible mechanism.Methods:The expression of mannose phosphate isomerase in six lung cancer cell lines were detected by Western blot. The inhibitory effect of mannose on the proliferation of lung cancer cell lines were observed by MTT assay. When irradiated with 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 Gy, the effect of mannose on the radiosensitivity of six lung cancer cell lines was detected by plate clone formation assay, respectively; and the apoptosis rates of normal control, mannose, irradiation and combined groups were detected by flow cytometry.Results:The expression levels of mannose phosphate isomerase were different among six lung cancer cell lines. Among them, A549 cells had the highest expression level and H460 cells showed the lowest expression level. When aD ministrated with 11.1 mmol/L mannose, the same inhibitory effect was observed on both A549 and H460 cell lines. Moreover, the inhibitory effect on H460 cell line was significantly increased with the increase of mannose concentration. In addition, aD ministration of 11.1 mmol/L mannose could significantly increase the radiosensitivity and apoptosis rate of H460 cell line. However, it exerted limited effect upon the radiosensitivity and apoptosis rate of A549 cell line. Conclusion:In six lung cancer cell lines with high expression of mannose phosphate isomerase, the aD ministration of mannose can enhance the radiosensitivity of partial tumors cells.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868575

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the recurrence pattern and identify the risk factors of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after neoadjuvant therapy combined with surgery.Methods Clinical data of 275 patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma treated with neoadjuvant therapy combined with surgery from December 2011 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.The follow-up data of the enrolled patients were complete and analyzable.The recurrence pattern,recurrence time,recurrence location and influencing factors after neoadjuvant therapy in combination with surgery were analyzed.The recurrence rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method.The multivariate analysis was performed by Cox regression model.Results The median follow-up time was 32 (3-84) months,and the median time of the first recurrence was 10.6(2.0-69.1) months.The 1-,2-and 3-year recurrence rates were 32.0%,45.1% and 52.3%,respectively.A total of 152 cases (55.3%) had recurrence.Among them,77 cases (50.6%) had local-regional recurrence (LRR),34 cases (23.4%) had distant metastasis (DM),33 cases (21.7%) had LRR+DM and 8 cases (6.0%) had recurrence in unknown site.Among the patients with LRR,lymph node recurrence was the most common (n =98,89.1%).For DM patients,lung metastasis (n =33,49.3%),liver metastasis (n=16,23.9%),bone metastasis (n=14,20.9%) and non-regional lymph node metastasis (n=14,20.9%) were commonly observed.The multivariate analysis showed that postoperative T stage (P=0.008),N stage (P<0.001) and the number of lymph node dissection (P<0.001) were the independent risk factors for recurrence after treatment.Conclusions The recurrence rate after neoadjuvant therapy remains relatively high for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma,and the regional lymph node is the most common site of recurrence.Postoperative pathological T staging,N staging and the number of lymph node dissection are the independent risk factors for recurrence after treatment.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868542

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy and prognostic factors of recurrent esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after neoadjuvant therapy combined with surgery.Methods From December 2011 to December 2015,152 cases of recurrent thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after neoadjuvant therapy combined with surgery were retrospectively analyzed.The overall survival (OS) after treatment failure,clinical efficacy and prognostic factors of different salvage treatments were analyzed.OS was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method.Prognostic analysis was performed by using multivariate Cox regression model.Results The median interval of the first recurrence was 10.6(2.0 to 69.1) months.The median OS after recurrence was 8.0(0.8 to 43.3) months.The 1-,2-and 3-year OS rates after recurrence were 36.0%,15.1% and 5.2%,respectively.The median OS of patients with locoregional recurrence alone,distant metastasis alone and locoregional recurrence combined with distant metastasis was 11.3(1.8 to 43.3) months,6.7(1.2 to 28.6) months and 5.1 (0.8 to 22.9) months,respectively.Multivariate analysis demonstrated that neoadjuvant chemotherapy (P=0.009),ypTNM stage (P=0.012),comprehensive treatment after recurrence (P=0.000) and locoregional recurrence (P=0.026) were independently correlated with the OS of patients with recurrent esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.Conclusions Neoadjuvant therapy,ypTNM stage,recurrence pattern and postrecurrence treatment are the independent risk factors for clinical prognosis of patients with recurrent esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after neoadjuvant therapy combined with surgery.Clinical prognosis of patients with recurrent esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after neoadjuvant therapy is not satisfactory.After recurrence,combined treatment mode should be adopted according to the site of recurrence and neoadjuvant treatment mode to maximize the benefits of salvage treatment.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868069

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differential diagnostic value of ultrasonic elastography for breast nodules with acoustic attenuation.Methods:A total of 105 cases with breast nodules with posterior echo attenuation from June 2017 to October 2019 in Shenzhen People′s Hospital were enrolled. Routine ultrasound examination and elastography were performed and maximum of elastography(Emax), mean of elastography value(Emean), minimum of elastography value(Emin) and strain ratio of fat/strain ratio of nodules(B/A) were recorded. With the pathological results as the diagnosed gold standard, elastic parameters different between benign and malignant breast nodules with posterior echo attenuation were compared. And the Emax value of elastic imaging was analyzed by the ROC curve.Results:There were 65 cases of benign nodules and 40 cases of malignancy. The difference of ultrasound E imaging were statistically significant for judging benign and malignant breast nodules with acoustic attenuation( P<0.05). When Emax 95 kPa was set as the cut-off value for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignat breast nodules, the area under the ROC curve was 0.817, and the sensitivity was 88% and the specificity was 72%. Conclusions:Ultrasonic elastrography is of great value for differential diagnosis of benign and malignant breast nodules with acoustic attenuation, and it is important for the decision making of clinical treatment plan.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865897

ABSTRACT

Objective:The application effect of simulation teaching based on Miller pyramid theory in the training of new obstetric nurses.Methods:Thirty-six new nurses in obstetrics rotation in 2019 were selected as the observation group, trained by the simulation teaching method based on Miller pyramid theory, and 32 new nurses in 2018 were selected as the control group, following the traditional training method. After the study, t test was used to compare the theoretical examination scores, operational assessment results, clinical comprehensive quality, and training satisfaction of the two groups. Results:The scores of theoretical examinations, operational assessments, clinical comprehensive quality in the observation group were significantly superior to those in the control group, ( P<0.05, P<0.001), and the training satisfaction of the experimental group was over 88%. Conclusion:Simulation teaching based on Miller Pyramid Theory is beneficial for new obstetric nurses to understand and apply professional theoretical knowledge, improve their obstetric operation skills and ability of solving practical clinical problems, and improve their training satisfaction.

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