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1.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 286-292, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985653

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate different methods' efficacy of controlling acute bleeding and managing long-term menstruation in patients with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) associated with antithrombotic therapy. Methods: The clinical data of 22 cases with HMB associated with antithrombotic therapy admitted to Peking University People's Hospital from January 2010 to August 2022 were analyzed, aged 39 years old (26-46 years). Changes in menstrual volume, hemoglobin (Hb), and quality of life were collected after control of acute bleeding and long-term menstrual management. Menstrual volume was assessed by pictorial blood assessment chart (PBAC), and quality of life was assessed by menorrhagia multi-attribute scale (MMAS). Results: (1) Treatment of acute bleeding: of the 22 cases with HMB associated with antithrombotic therapy, 16 cases were treated in our hospital and 6 in other hospital for emergency bleeding; of the 16 cases treated in our hospital, 3 underwent emergency intrauterine Foley catheter balloon compression due to severe bleeding (Hb decreased by 20 to 40 g/L within 12 hours). Of the 22 cases with antithrombotic therapy-related HMB, 15 (including 2 cases with severe bleeding) underwent emergency aspiration or endometrial resection, and intraoperative placement of levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) followed by a significant reduction in bleeding volume; 3 cases had controlled acute bleeding after rivaroxaban dose reduction and continued observation; 2 cases were given gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists to control acute bleeding in other hospital, of which 1 case was temporarily treated with periodic blood transfusion, and the other one patient underwent total hysterectomy; and 2 cases had temporary amenorrhea with oral mifepristone after intrauterine balloon compression or oral norethindrone. (2) Long-term menstrual management: of the 22 cases with antithrombotic therapy-related HMB, 15 had LNG-IUS placement and 12 had LNG-IUS placement for 6 months, and menstrual volume was significantly reduced [PBAC scores were 365.0 (272.5-460.0) vs 25.0 (12.5-37.5), respectively; Z=4.593, P<0.001], Hb was significantly increased [91.5 g/L (71.8-108.2 g/L) vs 128.5 g/L (121.2-142.5 g/L); Z=4.695, P<0.001], and quality of life was significantly improved [MMAS scores were 415.0 (327.5-472.5) vs 580.0 (570.0-580.0), respectively; Z=-3.062, P=0.002] before placement compared with 6 months after placement. Three rivaroxaban dose reduction patients' PBAC scores decreased by 20 to 35 but remained >100, and perceived quality of life did not change significantly. Two cases with temporary amenorrhea treated with oral mifepristone felt significantly improved quality of life, and the MMAS scores increased by 220 and 180, respectively. Conclusion: Intrauterine Foley catheter balloon compression, aspiration or endometrial ablation could be used to control acute bleeding in patients with antithrombotic therapy-related HMB, and LNG-IUS for long-term management could reduce menstrual volume, increase hemoglobin, and improve the quality of life of patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Menorrhagia/etiology , Fibrinolytic Agents/adverse effects , Levonorgestrel/adverse effects , Amenorrhea/drug therapy , Mifepristone/therapeutic use , Quality of Life , Rivaroxaban/therapeutic use , Hemoglobins , Intrauterine Devices, Medicated/adverse effects , Contraceptive Agents, Female
2.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 526-533, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the protective effect and mechanism of Kuntai (KT) Capsule on angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertension in ovariectomized (OVX) rats.@*METHODS@#Fifty-four rats were randomly divided into 6 groups according to a random number table, 9 in each group: control, OVX sham+Ang II, OVX, OVX+Ang II, OVX+Ang II +E2, and OVX+Ang II +KT. OVX rats model was constructed by retroperitoneal bilateral ovariectomy. After 4 weeks of pretreatment with KT Capsule [0.8 g/(kg·d) and 17- β -estradiol (E2, 1.2 mg/(kg·d)] respectively, Ang II was injected into a micro-osmotic pump with a syringe to establish a hypertensive rat model. Blood pressure of rat tail artery was measured in a wake state of rats using a non-invasive sphygmomanometer. Blood pressure changes were compared between the intervention groups (OVX+Ang II +KT, OVX+Ang II +E2) and the negative control group (OVX+Ang II). Serum malondialdehyde (MDA) level and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were detected respectively. The expressions of oxidative stress-related protein superoxide dismutase2 (SOD2) and anti-thioredoxin (TRX), autophagy marker protein [beclin1, light chain (LC) 3 II/I ratio and autophagy canonical pathway protein phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/serine/threonine kinase (AKT)-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)] were evaluated by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the OVX+Ang II group, the systolic blood pressure of OVX+Ang II +KT group was significantly lowered (P<0.05) but not the diastolic blood pressure. Besides, SOD2 and TRX protein levels in mycardial tissues were significantly reduced in the OVX+Ang II +KT group compared with the OVX+Ang II group (P<0.05). Oxidative stress serum markers MDA and SOD were down- and up-regulated in the OVX+Ang II +KT group, respectively (P<0.05). Compared with OVX+Ang II group, the levels of cardiac proteins beclin-1 and LC3II/LC3 I in OVX+Ang II +KT group were also up-regulated (P<0.05), and the expression levels of p-PI3K, p-AKT and mTOR protein were down-regulated (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#KT could protect blood pressure of Ang II-induced OVX rats by inhibiting oxidative stress and up-regulating protective autophagy.


Subject(s)
Female , Rats , Animals , Humans , Angiotensin II , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Hypertension/drug therapy , Estradiol/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase , Ovariectomy , Mammals/metabolism
3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 975-981, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010156

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effect of interferon-α (IFN-α) on the apoptosis and killing function of CD56dimCD57+ natural killer (NK) cells in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, and to explore the specific mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of sixty-four newly treated SLE patients and sixteen healthy controls (HC) enrolled in the Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University were selected as the research subjects. And the gene expression levels of molecules related to NK cell-killing function were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. CD56dimCD57+ NK cells were co-cultured with the K562 cells, and the apoptotic K562 cells were labeled with Annexin-Ⅴ and 7-amino-actinomycin D. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were treated with 20, 40, and 80 μmol/L hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and treated without H2O2 as control, the expression level of perforin (PRF) was detected by flow cytometry. The concentration of IFN-α in serum was determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The expression levels of IFN-α receptors (IFNAR) on the surface of CD56dimCD57+ NK cells were detected by flow cytometry, and were represented by mean fluorescence intensity (MFI). CD56dimCD57+ NK cells were treated with 1 000 U/mL IFN-α for 24, 48 and 72 h, and no IFN-α treatment was used as the control, the apoptosis and the expression levels of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mtROS) were measured by flow cytometry and represented by MFI.@*RESULTS@#Compared with HC(n=3), the expression levels of PRF1 gene in peripheral blood NK cells of the SLE patients (n=3) were decreased (1.24±0.41 vs. 0.57±0.12, P=0.05). Compared with HC(n=5), the ability of peripheral blood CD56dimCD57+ NK cells in the SLE patients (n=5) to kill K562 cells was significantly decreased (58.61%±10.60% vs. 36.74%±6.27%, P < 0.01). Compared with the control (n=5, 97.51%±1.67%), different concentrations of H2O2 treatment significantly down-regulated the PRF expression levels of CD56dimCD57+ NK cells in a dose-dependent manner, the 20 μmol/L H2O2 PRF was 83.23%±8.48% (n=5, P < 0.05), the 40 μmol/L H2O2 PRF was 79.53%±8.56% (n=5, P < 0.01), the 80 μmol/L H2O2 PRF was 76.67%±7.16% (n=5, P < 0.01). Compared to HC (n=16), the serum IFN-α levels were significantly increased in the SLE patients (n=45) with moderate to high systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI≥10) [(55.07±50.36) ng/L vs. (328.2±276.3) ng/L, P < 0.001]. Meanwhile, compared with HC (n=6), IFNAR1 expression in peripheral blood CD56dimCD57+ NK cells of the SLE patients (n=6) were increased (MFI: 292.7±91.9 vs. 483.2±160.3, P < 0.05), and compared with HC (n=6), IFNAR2 expression in peripheral blood CD56dimCD57+ NK cells of the SLE patients (n=7) were increased (MFI: 643.5±113.7 vs. 919.0±246.9, P < 0.05). Compared with control (n=6), the stimulation of IFN-α (n=6) significantly promoted the apoptosis of CD56dimCD57+ NK cells (20.48%±7.01% vs. 37.82%±5.84%, P < 0.05). In addition, compared with the control (n=4, MFI: 1 049±174.5), stimulation of CD56dimCD57+ NK cells with IFN-α at different times significantly promoted the production of mtROS in a time-dependent manner, 48 h MFI was 3 437±1 472 (n=4, P < 0.05), 72 h MFI was 6 495±1 089 (n=4, P < 0.000 1), but there was no significant difference at 24 h of stimulation.@*CONCLUSION@#High serum IFN-α level in SLE patients may induce apoptosis by promoting mtROS production and inhibit perforin expression, which can down-regulate CD56dimCD57+ NK killing function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Interferon-alpha/metabolism , Perforin/metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism , Interferon-gamma/metabolism , CD56 Antigen/metabolism , Killer Cells, Natural/metabolism , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 437-441, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927403

ABSTRACT

The paper introduces the placebo acupuncture simulation devices commonly used in clinical trial of acupuncture therapy. These devices are composed of Streitberger, Park, Takakura, Foam and Phantom acupuncture. Because acupuncture therapy is a kind of complex intervention, there are the controversies in methodology for the acupuncture placebo control of clinical trial. Placebo acupuncture may be an effective control, with a certain of specific therapeutic effect. The blinding effect of placebo acupuncture is highly questioned, specially, the sensation of deqi is hardly imitated during acupuncture. On these grounds, in this research, the suggestions has been proposed on the selection and the setting of placebo control in clinical trial of acupuncture therapy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Sensation
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1700-1704, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928101

ABSTRACT

The "triple combination" review system provides an opportunity for the transformation of human use experience into new Chinese drugs. However, there are some methodological and technical limitations in the assessment of human experience. Hence, the efficacy and safety evaluation methods should be established in accordance with the characteristics of Chinese herbs. This study summarized some evidence-based methodology to promote the transformation of human use experience to new Chinese drugs, mainly including the individualized pragmatic randomized controlled trial(RCT), cluster RCT, single-case RCT, single arm RCT with objective performance criteria, and partially nested RCT. As the real world data can be used to support the transformation of human experience, attention should be paid to convenient and efficient collection of data, prudent selection of design types, and adoption of appropriate ana-lysis methods to deal with confounding bias, including multi-factor regression model and propensity score. The newly proposed mixed research method can also be utilized to assess the human use experience, which is suitable for mining the theory of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and expert experience from different aspects. Meanwhile, considering the study design requirements and TCM cha-racteristics, this study put forward the common problems and solutions in the development of new Chinese drugs based on human use experience, including how to select the feasible outcome indicators, how to collect prescription data in the case of herb and dosage adjustment, and how to evaluate the comprehensive effectiveness of TCM from the perspective of "combination of disease and syndrome".


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Drug Development , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Research Design
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 127-133, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927919

ABSTRACT

In light of related methods in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition), this study established the quality standard for Lobeliae Chinensis Herba. The TLC identification method was established with silica gel GF_(254) thin layer plate, diosmin standard, linarin standard, and the reference material of Lobeliae Chinensis Herba. The loss on drying, total ash, acid-insoluble ash, and ethanol-soluble extracts of 18 batches of Lobeliae Chinensis Herba samples were determined according to the general principles in Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Then, HPLC was adopted in the establishment of characteristic chromatogram and content determination. The results showed that the established method can achieve good separation for diosmin, linarin, and lobetyolin. Based on the results of detection for 18 batches of Lobeliae Chinensis Herba samples, the draft quality standard was established, which was expected to provide reference for the revision of this medicinal herb in Chinese Pharmacopoeia.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/standards , Lobelia/chemistry , Plants, Medicinal/chemistry
7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1523-1527, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940015

ABSTRACT

AIM:To evaluate the application effect of iris hooks combined with suture fixation of capsular tension ring(CTR)in the treatment of phacoemulsification with secondary glaucoma associated with lens subluxation.METHODS: Retrospective case series. A total of 18 eyes of patients with serious secondary glaucoma associated with lens subluxation were enrolled in Aier Eye Hospital(Changchun)from October 2017 to May 2020 as the observation group. All the patients had iris hooks inserted to support the capsule during the phacoemulsification combined with intraocular lens(IOL)implantation. Iris hooks were inserted through the incisions and placed in the capsulorhexis to support the capsule, then CTR was implanted and sutured onto the sclera of the dislocation side. A total of 11 eyes of patients had intracapsular cataract extraction combined with IOL suspension were enrolled in Aier Eye Hospital(Changchun)from October 2015 to October 2017 as the control group. The postoperative complications were recorded. The postoperative examinations included visual acuity, intraocular pressure(IOP)and positions of the capsule and IOL.RESULTS: The postoperative follow-up at least 12(12-40)mo, both the IOP of observation group and control group returned to normal, with statistically significant difference compared with pre-operation(t=9.994, 8.790, all P&#x003C;0.001). At 12mo after operation, the best corrected visual acuity of the two groups were significantly improved compared with surgery before(Z=-3.900, P&#x003C;0.001; Z=-3.002, P=0.003). The IOL in the observation group of the 18 eyes were in the expected position without complications such as an obvious tilt or displacement. In the control group with 11 eyes, the position of IOL in 8 eyes were centered, 3 eyes were slightly biased, and 2 eyes with cystoids macular edema.CONCLUSION: The application of suture fixation capsular tension ring and iris hooks for secondary glaucoma associated with lens subluxation in patients can be used as an effective auxiliary method, it could effectively control the IOP and maintain long-term stability of the capsule.

8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1147-1152, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921024

ABSTRACT

The appropriate sample size estimation is very important in the design of clinical trials. However, insufficient or inappropriate sample size estimation is still a prominent problem in the currently published acupuncture and moxibustion clinical trials. At present, the superiority test, non-inferiority test and equivalence test have been widely used in acupuncture and moxibustion clinical trials. This article focuses on the application, calculation methods and PASS11 software using of these three hypothesis test types. In view of the problems in the estimation of sample size in acupuncture and moxibustion clinical trials, the particularity of sample size estimation in acupuncture and moxibustion is summarized from the aspects of parameter setting, ratio of intervention group and control group, and multi-group comparison, in order to guide acupuncture clinical researchers to correctly estimate sample size when conducting clinical trials.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Clinical Trials as Topic , Moxibustion , Sample Size
9.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 476-482, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904624

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the components of proteins from Echinococcus granulosus cyst fluid using the shotgun method, and to identify the active components with potential regulatory effects for immune dysregulation diseases. Methods The E. granulosus cyst fluid was collected aseptically from the hepatic cysts of patients with cystic echinococcosis, and characterized by liquid chromatography (LC) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) following digestion with trypsin. The protein data were searched using the software MaxQuant version 1.6.1.0 and the cellular components, molecular functions, and biological processes of the identified proteins were analyzed using the Gene Ontology (GO) method. Results The E. granulosus cyst fluid separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) had a relative molecular mass of 25 to 70 kDa. LS-MS/MS analysis identified 37 proteins, including 32 known proteins and 5 unknown proteins. At least 4 proteins were preliminarily found to exhibit potential regulatory effects for immune dysregulation diseases, including antigen B, glutathione-S-transferase (GST), thioredoxin peroxidase (TPX) and malate dehydrogenase (MDH). GO enrichment analysis showed that the identified proteins had 149 molecular functions and were involved in 341 biological processes. Conclusions E. granulosus cyst fluid has a variety of protein components, and four known proteins are preliminarily identified to be associated with immune dysregulation diseases.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 831-834, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876526

ABSTRACT

Five cadinane-type sesquiterpenoids were isolated from the n-hexane extract of Commiphora myrrha by using various chromatographic techniques, including silica gel, ODS and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data. These compounds were defined as (3S,4R)-3,9-dimethoxymyrrhone (1), 9-methoxymyrrhone (2), myrrhone (3), commiterpene B (4) and comosone Ⅱ (5). Compound 1 is a new compound, of which the absolute configuration was established by single crystal X-ray crystallographic analysis. Compound 5 is firstly isolated from the Commiphora genus.

11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 593-597, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877665

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture on lumbar disc herniation (LDH) with different multifidus fatty infiltration rates.@*METHODS@#A total of 108 eligible LDH patients received MRI test before treatment and the multifidus fatty infiltration rate (FI) was measured. According to theresults, they were divided to group A (FI20%), 36 cases in each one. EA was provided in all of the groups. The selected acupoints were Jiaji (EX-B 2) from L@*RESULTS@#Compared with before treatment, ODI score was reduced (@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture relieves pain and improves physical and psychological health of LDH patients. Multifidus fatty infiltration rate is probably one of the factors to influence the therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Electroacupuncture , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Lumbar Vertebrae , Paraspinal Muscles
12.
Indian Pediatr ; 2020 Feb; 57(2): 138-142
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-199478

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of congenital heart disease inYunnan, China which has diverse ethnic groups. Methods: This cross-sectional studyenrolled 244,023 children from 2010 to 2015. To diagnose CHD, a conventional physicalexamination was used to screen suspicious cases, which were further confirmed byechocardiography. Results: A total of 1695 children were diagnosed with CHD. Theestimated prevalence was 6.94%. Atrial septal defects were the most common cardiacabnormalities. A higher prevalence of CHD was observed with preterm birth, low birthweight, maternal age ≥35 years, and high-altitude regions. The prevalence also showeddifferences between diverse ethnic groups. Conclusion: The prevalence of CHD in Chinamay have ethnic differences.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2411-2416, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827933

ABSTRACT

Two new phenylpropanoid amide glycosides and ten analogues were isolated from the CH_2Cl_2 layer of 95% ethanol extract of the whole plants of Corydalis racemosa by using various chromatographic techniques, including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS column chromatographies, and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties, MS, NMR, and IR spectroscopic data as N-cis-sinapoyltyramine-4'-O-β-glucoside(1), N-cis-sinapoyl-3-methoxytyramine-4'-O-β-glucoside(2), N-cis-sinapoyltyramine(3), N-cis-feruloyltyramine(4), N-trans-cinnamoyltyramine(5), N-trans-feruloylphenethylamine(6), N-trans-p-methoxycinnamoyl-3-hydoxyoctopamine(7), N-cis-feruloyl-3-methoxytyramine(8), N-trans-feruloyltyramine(9), N-trans-feruloyl-3-methoxytyramine(10), N-trans-sinapoyltyramine(11), and N-trans-p-coumaroyltyramine(12). Compounds 1 and 2 are new compounds. Compounds 3-7 are obtained from the plants of Papaveraceae for the first time, and compounds 8-12 are firstly isolated from C. racemosa.


Subject(s)
Amides , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Corydalis , Glucosides , Glycosides
14.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 893-905, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878305

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Several COVID-19 patients have overlapping comorbidities. The independent role of each component contributing to the risk of COVID-19 is unknown, and how some non-cardiometabolic comorbidities affect the risk of COVID-19 remains unclear.@*Methods@#A retrospective follow-up design was adopted. A total of 1,160 laboratory-confirmed patients were enrolled from nine provinces in China. Data on comorbidities were obtained from the patients' medical records. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio ( @*Results@#Overall, 158 (13.6%) patients were diagnosed with severe illness and 32 (2.7%) had unfavorable outcomes. Hypertension (2.87, 1.30-6.32), type 2 diabetes (T2DM) (3.57, 2.32-5.49), cardiovascular disease (CVD) (3.78, 1.81-7.89), fatty liver disease (7.53, 1.96-28.96), hyperlipidemia (2.15, 1.26-3.67), other lung diseases (6.00, 3.01-11.96), and electrolyte imbalance (10.40, 3.00-26.10) were independently linked to increased odds of being severely ill. T2DM (6.07, 2.89-12.75), CVD (8.47, 6.03-11.89), and electrolyte imbalance (19.44, 11.47-32.96) were also strong predictors of unfavorable outcomes. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease on admission (5.46, 3.25-9.19), while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes (6.58, 1.46-29.64) within two weeks.@*Conclusion@#Besides hypertension, diabetes, and CVD, fatty liver disease, hyperlipidemia, other lung diseases, and electrolyte imbalance were independent risk factors for COVID-19 severity and poor treatment outcome. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease, while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , COVID-19/virology , China/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 780-784,795, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779416

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and hypertension in Henan rural residents, and to explore the association between vitamin D and risk of hypertension. Methods 2 013 Henan rural participants aged 18-80 years were recruited from a cross-sectional study. Logistic regression models and restricted cubic spline model were used to evaluate odds ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) and dose-response relationship between vitamin D and risk of hypertension. Results In total population, the prevalence of hypertension was 40.34% (30.64% after age-standard), and the mean serum 25-(OH)D was (24.50 ± 16.18) ng/ml, and 53.95% of all participants were presenting vitamin D deficiency. Compared with non-hypertension, a lower level of serum 25-(OH)D was observed in people with hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension was 45.21% in vitamin D deficient group which was higher than in the vitamin D sufficient group (31.07%). Compared with the vitamin D sufficient group, the risk of hypertension was increase in the vitamin D deficient group (OR=1.59, 95% CI: 1.21-2.10), and the risk of hypertension decreased by 14% for every 10 ng/ml increase in serum 25-(OH) D levels. Moreover, an L-shaped relationship was observed between 25-(OH)D concentration and risk of hypertension. Conclusion Vitamin D deficiency is associated with risk of hypertension and there is an L-shaped relationship between 25-(OH)D concentration and risk of hypertension.

16.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 141-148, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687843

ABSTRACT

It has been recognized that patients with hypothyroidism have higher risks of atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease, however, the mechanisms are largely unknown. Considering that macrophage dysfunction plays an important role in the formation and development of atherosclerosis plaques, this study aimed to investigate the direct effects of thyroid hormone on macrophage functions and to provide new insight for the mechanism of hypothyroid atherosclerosis. RAW264.7 cells (mouse leukaemic monocyte macrophage cell line) were incubated with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) to establish macrophage foam cells model in vitro, and the protective effects of different concentration of thyroxine (T4) on the macrophage foam cells function were explored. The proliferation, migration and cell aging of macrophages were detected by MTT method, scratch test and β-galactosidase staining respectively. The ELISA method was used to detect the secretion of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β). Western blot analysis was applied to measure the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK), which was required for the process of proliferation and migration of macrophages. The results showed that oxLDL significantly inhibited the macrophage proliferation and migration, induced cell senescence, and promoted the secretion of TNF-α, MCP-1, and IL-1β; while T4 reversed those effects of oxLDL on macrophage in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, oxLDL increased the phosphorylation of FAK in macrophage, while T4 concentration-dependently reversed the effect. These results suggest that T4 modulates macrophage proliferation, migration, senescence, and secretion of inflammation factors in a concentration-dependent way.

17.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 94-99, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702892

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of microbial isolates and the positive rate from bile cultures taken from obstructive jaundice patients, then compare the antimicrobial sensitivities to guide the rational choice and use of antibiotics. Methods Bile cultures from 322 patients from January 2012 to April 2016 were reviewed. Specimens were obtained from patients that were diagnosed obstructive jaundice. The bile specimens were examined for pathogenic respectively. At the same time, the empirical antibiotics of the 322 cases prior to operation were also analyzed. Results Bile culture was positive in 246 among322 cases, the positive culture rate was 76.40%. A total of 267 pathogens were isolated in bile culture: 208 Gram-negative bacteria, 48 Gram-positive bacteria and 11 fungus. The most common pathogens in all were Escherichia coli (208 strains, 53.18%), Enterococcus faecium (28 strains, 10.49%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (27 strains, 10.11%). The most sensitive antibiotics against Gram-negative bacteria were imipenem and meropenem (with susceptibility rate for 98.08%, respectively). The more sensitive antibiotics against Gram-negative bacteria were efoperazone/sulbactam, amikacin, piperacillin/tazobactam (susceptibility 92.31%, 88.46% and 85.58%). The lowest susceptibility rate of Gram-negative to twelve kings of antimicrobial agents were levofloxacin, andaztreonam (susceptibility 29.81%, 28.37%). The most sensitive antibiotics against Gram-positive bacteria were linezolid, teicoplanin and vancomycin(with susceptibility rate for 100.00%, respectively). The more sensitive antibiotics against Gram-positive bacteria was chloromycrtin (susceptibility 88.89%). The lower susceptibility rate of Gram-positive were levofloxacin (susceptibility 25.00%). 281 cases of patients before surgery empirical use of antimicrobial drugs. Monotherapy was used in 219 cases. The main drug was levofloxacin (86/219), the second was cefoperazone/sulbactam (70/219). The dual therapy was used in 62 cases, the mainly was cefoperazone/sulbactam plus ornidazole or metrornidazole(27/62), the second was levofloxacin plus ornidazole or metrornidazole (12/62). Conclusions Gram negative bacteria were the predominant bile pathogens found in patients with obstructive jaundice. And the most prominent Gram-negative pathogens were Escherichia coli. The sensitive rates of cefoperazone/sulbactam, amikacin and piperacillin/tazobactam were higher, which could be used as the preferred antimicrobial agents. Imipenem and meropenem should remain the last alternative when all other therapies fail or serious infection; The empirical antibiotics's pertinence was not very suitable, levofloxacin's resistance rates in obstructive jaundice was higher. It should be avoided to choose during empirical antimicrobial therapy.

18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 109-113, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776416

ABSTRACT

Ten phenylpropanoid amides were isolated from the whole plants of Corydalis edulis Maxim. by various of column chromatographies including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS. Their structures were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties, MS, NMR, and IR spectroscopic data. These compounds were identified as N-trans-sinapoyl-3-methoxytyramine-4'-O-β-glucoside(1), N-trans-sinapoyl-3-methoxytyramine(2), N-trans-sinapoyltyramine(3), N-trans-p-coumaroyltyramine(4), N-trans-sinapoyl-7-hydroxytyramine(5), N-cis-feruloyltyramine(6), N-cis-p-coumaroyltyramine(7), N-trans-feruloyltyramine(8), N-trans-feruloyl-3-methoxytyramine(9), and N-trans-feruloyl-7-hydroxytyramine(10). Compound 1 is a new compound. Compounds 2-7 are obtained from the plants of Papaveraceae for the first time, while compounds 8-10 are firstly isolated from C. edulis.


Subject(s)
Amides , Corydalis , Chemistry , Glucosides , Phytochemicals , Tyramine
19.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 363-368, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710196

ABSTRACT

AIM To study the chemical constituents from Pogonatherum crinitum (Thunb.) Kunthand and their in vitro anti-HBV activities.METHODS The ethyl acetate and n-butanol fractions of 70% ethanol extract from P.crinitum were isolated and purified by AB-8 macroporous resin,silica column and Sephadex LH-20,then the structures of obtained compounds were identified by physicochemical properties and spectral data.The in vitro anti-HBV activities of the isolated compounds were tested in the model of HepG2.2.15 cells.RESULTS Eight compounds were isolated and identified as 6,8,4'-trihydroxy-7,3'-dimethoxyisoflavone (1),quercetin-7,4'-dimethylester-5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (2),8-(1-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl) ethyl) quercetin (3),chrysoeiml-7-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-D-glucopyranoside (4),kaempferol-3-O-(2",3"-di-O-E-p-cou-maroyl)-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (5),1,3,7-trihydroxyxanthone-2-C-β-D-glucopyra-noside (6),luteolin-6-C-β-D-boivinopyranoside (7),luteolin-6-C-β-D-glucopyranoside (8).Compounds 3,5,7,8 had certain inhibitory effects on HBsAg with the IC50 values of 96.6,127.1,72.4 and 54.5 μg/mL.Compounds 7,8 had certain inhibitory effects on HBeAg with the IC50 values of 81.0,61.3 μg/mL.CONCLUSION Compounds 1-6 are isolated from genus Pogonatherum for the first time,compounds 3、5、7、8 have certain in vitro anti-HBV activities.

20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1356-1358, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695449

ABSTRACT

·AIM: To investigate single step combined surgical treatments of Helveston syndrome. ·METHODS: A retrospective clinical analysis of 7 cases (14 eyes) with Helveston syndrome in our hospital. There were 14 eyes underwent single step combined surgical treatments, according to the degree of patients with superior oblique overaction and strabismus. A-pattern, dissociated vertical deviation (DVD), function of superior oblique and binocular visual function were examined and analyzed preoperatively and postoperatively. · RESULTS: Bilateral superior oblique intrathecal tenectomy combined bilateral rectus recession were performed in 3 cases (6 eyes). Bilateral superior oblique tenectomy combined unilateral rectus recession were performed in 4 cases (4 eyes). The follow-up was 6mo;14 eyes of 7 patients attained normal ocular alignment. A-pattern and DVD disappeared. Binocular vision and stereoscopic vision were recovered in 6 eyes of 3 children. ·CONCLUSION: Helveston syndrome can be treated with single step combined surgery, and early surgical treatments can help the recovery of binocular visual function.

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