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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885980

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the efficacy of long-retaining scalp acupuncture plus interactive training in improving upper- extremity dysfunction in cerebral stroke patients. Methods: Ninety-five patients with upper-extremity dysfunction after cerebral stroke were randomized into two groups, with 48 cases in the treatment group and 47 cases in the control group. Conventional internal medicine treatment was offered to both groups. In both groups, Anterior Oblique Line of Vertex-temporal (MS 6, the middle 2/5) and Posterior Oblique Line of Vertex-temporal (MS 7, the middle 2/5) were selected from the same side of the brain lesion (the side apposing to the hemiplegic limb) for scalp acupuncture treatment. In the treatment group, the scalp acupuncture needles were retained for 7 h, in combination with interactive training, while the needles were also retained for 7 h in the control group but without interactive training. Prior to treatment and at 2-week and 4-week treatment, the two groups were scored using the functional test for the hemiplegic upper extremity-Hong Kong (FTHUE-HK) and simplified Fugl-Meyer assessment-upper extremity (FMA-UE). Results: The total effective rate was 97.9% in the treatment group, higher than 74.5% in the control group (P<0.01). The FTHUE-HK score was higher at 2-week and 4-week treatment than before treatment in both groups, presenting statistically significant intra-group differences (all P<0.001); the FTHUE-HK score was higher at 4-week treatment than at 2-week treatment in both groups, presenting statistically significant intra-group differences (both P<0.001). At 2-week and 4-week treatment, the FTHUE-HK score was higher in the treatment group than in the control group, showing significant between-group differences (both P<0.05). During the whole treatment process, the treatment group had higher FTHUE-HK scores compared with the control group, but there was no statistical significance comparing the change of the score between the two groups at 2-week treatment (P>0.05), while the between-group difference in the change of the score was statistically significant at 4-week treatment (P<0.05). The FMA-UE score was higher at 2-week and 4-weeks treatment than before treatment in both groups, presenting statistically significant intra-group differences (all P<0.001); the FMA-UE score was higher at 4-week treatment than at 2-week treatment in both groups, presenting statistically significant intra-group differences (both P<0.001). At 2-week and 4-week treatment, the FMA-UE was higher in the treatment group than in the control group, and the between-group differences were statistically significant (both P<0.01). The FMA-UE score rose gradually with the increase of treatment session, and there was statistical significance comparing the change of the score between the two groups at 2-week and 4-week treatment, respectively (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Long-retaining scalp acupuncture plus interactive training results in more significant efficacy than long-retaining scalp acupuncture alone in improving the upper-limb dysfunction after cerebral stroke and the advantage becomes more notable after 2-week consecutive treatment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878933

ABSTRACT

CNKI, PubMed and other databases were retrieved to extract eligible randomized controlled trial(RCT) about modified Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction(MXZD) combined with Western medicine(trial group) versus Western medicine alone(control group) in the treatment of leiomyoma. Therefore, a total of 25 RCTs were included, involving 2 328 patients. Bias risk evaluation tool in Cochrane Handbook 5.1.0 was used for evaluating the quality of these RCTs. Meta-analysis was performed for the reported indicators, including total efficiency, serum hormone level [progesterone(P), luteinizing hormone(LH), estradiol(E_2), follicle stimulating hormone(FSH)], uterine size, fibroids size and adverse reactions by using Stata 14.0 software. Meta-analysis showed that the total efficiency(RR=1.21,95%CI[1.17,1.25],P<0.05) of trial group was better than that of control group. Serum hormone level(WMD_P=-3.86,95%CI[-4.31,-3.41],P<0.05; WMD_(LH)=-3.64,95%CI[-4.47,-2.82],P<0.05; WMD_(E_2)=-39.99,95%CI[-53.45,-26.52],P<0.05; WMD_(FSH)=-3.79,95%CI[-4.86,-2.72],P<0.05), uterine size(WMD=-50.02,95%CI[-55.98,-44.06],P<0.05), fibroids size(WMD=-15.79,95%CI[-18.11,-13.46],P<0.05) and adverse reactions(RR=0.65,95%CI[0.48,0.88],P<0.05) of trial group were all lower than those of control group, with statistical significances. Trial sequential analysis(TSA) was performed by using TSA 0.9 software, and showed a reliable therapeutic effect of the experimental group. In short, our study indicated that modified Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction combined with Western medicine had a better therapeutic effect on leiomyoma than Western medicine alone, but more high-quality studies are needed to verify this conclusion in the future.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Leiomyoma/drug therapy , Medicine
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875788

ABSTRACT

@#Small for gestational age ( SGA ),one of the major adverse pregnancy outcomes, significantly increases the risk of perinatal death and metabolic diseases in adulthood. It is of great significance to strengthen early surveillance and intervention for SGA prevention. Dyslipidemia during pregnancy, as a common metabolic disorder, has been considered to correlate with the increased risk of SGA; however, the epidemiological evidence is still controversial. We have systematically reviewed the recent studies related to the association between serum lipid level during pregnancy and the risk of SGA, so as to provide reference for prevention and intervention of SGA.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782358

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Hospital mortality rates are higher among patients with sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (SA-AKI) than among patients with sepsis. However, the pathogenesis underlying SA-AKI remains unclear. We hypothesized that the source of infection affects development of SA-AKI. We aim to explore the relationship between the anatomical source of infection and outcome in patients with SA-AKI.@*METHODS@#Between January 2013 and January 2018, 113 patients with SA-AKI admitted to our Emergency Center were identified and divided into two groups: those with pulmonary infections and those with other sources of infection. For each patient, we collected data from admission until either discharge or death. We also recorded the clinical outcome after 90 days for the discharged patients.@*RESULTS@#The most common source of infection was the lung (52/113 cases, 46%), followed by gastrointestinal (GI) (25/113 cases, 22.1%) and urinary (22/113, 19.5%) sources. Our analysis showed that patients with SA-AKI had a significantly worse outcome (30/52 cases, P<0.001) and poorer kidney recovery (P=0.015) with pulmonary sources of infection than those infected by another source. Data also showed that patients not infected by a pulmonary source more likely experienced shock (28/61 cases, P=0.037).@*CONCLUSION@#This study demonstrated that the source of infection influenced the outcome of SA-AKI patients in an independent manner. Lung injury may influence renal function in an as yet undetermined manner as the recovery of kidney function was poorer in SA-AKI patients with a pulmonary source of infection.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864100

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious fatal disease that seriously endangers human health worldwide.Isoniazid (INH) is an important first-line drug for TB, but it can cause serious adverse drug reactions, such as liver injury and even liver failure.At present, it is believed that metabolites of INH, imbalance of oxidative stress responses and immune response disorders are major causes of INH induced liver injury.In addition, involved genes and gene polymorphisms are susceptible to liver injury caused by INH.In this paper, the association of INH induced liver injury with the polymorphisms of genes related to INH metabolizing enzymes, as well as oxidative stress and immune responses are summarized to improve the understanding of INH induced liver injury and provide novel directions for its prevention and treatment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828625

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect and related signaling pathways of ginsenoside Rb1 in the treatment of coronary artery lesion (CAL) in a mouse model of Kawasaki disease (KD).@*METHODS@#BALB/c mice were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, an aspirin group, a low-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group (50 mg/kg), and a high-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group (100 mg/kg), with 12 mice in each group. All mice except those in the control group were given intermittent intraperitoneal injection of 10% bovine serum albumin to establish a mouse model of KD. The mice in the aspirin group, the low-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group, and the high-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group were given the corresponding drug by gavage for 20 days after modeling. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to observe the pathological changes of coronary artery tissue. ELISA was used to measure the levels of the inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in serum and coronary artery tissue. Western blot was used to measure the relative expression levels of proteins involved in the regulation of the AMPK/mTOR autophagy signaling pathway and the PI3K/Akt oxidative stress signaling pathway in coronary artery tissue.@*RESULTS@#The observation of pathological sections showed that compared with the model group, the high-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group had significant improvement in the symptoms of vascular wall thickening, intimal edema, fiber rupture, and inflammatory infiltration of endothelial cells. Compared with the control group, the model and low-dose ginsenoside Rb1 groups had significant increases in the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β in serum and coronary artery tissue (P0.05) and had significant increases in the expression levels of P-AKT/AKT and P-GSK-3β/GSK-3β (P<0.05), while the high-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group had significant increases in the relative protein expression levels of the above three proteins (P<0.05). Compared with the low-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group, the aspirin group and the high-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group had significant reductions in the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β (P<0.05); the high-dose ginsenoside Rb1 group had significant increases in the expression levels of P-PI3K/PI3K and P-AKT/AKT (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ginsenoside Rb1 can effectively alleviate CAL in a mouse model of KD in a dose-dependent manner, possibly by regulating the AMPK/mTOR/P70S6 autophagy signaling pathway to inhibit CAL inflammation and regulating the PI3K/AKT/GSK-3β oxidative stress signaling pathway to exert a biological activity of protection against coronary artery endothelial cell injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Coronary Vessels , Endothelial Cells , Ginsenosides , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776744

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms of multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR1) with refractory epilepsy in children.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from 200 children with epilepsy and 100 healthy controls. Genomic DNA was extracted and subjected to PCR amplification, agarose gel electrophoresis and target site sequencing. Genotypes of rs1922242, rs2235048, rs10808072, rs868755 and rs1202184 loci of the MDR1 gene were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#No significant difference was found in genotypic distribution and allelic frequencies of the rs1922242, rs2235048, rs10808072 and rs868755 loci between the drug-resistant and drug-sensitive groups. For the rs1202184 locus, a significant difference in genotypic distribution was found (P=0.008). No significant difference was found in the frequencies of various haplotypes between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Genotypes of the rs1202184 locus of the MDR1 gene are associated with refractory epilepsy in children, for which the AA genotype plays a dominant role.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , Child , Drug Resistant Epilepsy , Genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Haplotypes , Humans , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776902

ABSTRACT

Liu-Wei-Di-Huang (LW) is a Yin nourishing and kidney tonifying prescription in traditional Chinese medicine with promising pharmacological characteristics that can be further exploited and developed in modern medicine. We provide a comprehensive and detailed literature report on the clinical and experimental pharmacology of LW, including its quality control parameters, phytochemistry, pharmacokinetics, and toxicology. Our literature review indicates that the LW prescription possesses a unique combination of pharmacological characteristics that can be safely used for treating very different diseases. Quality control and pharmacokinetic parameters of LW are mostly based on its major bioactive phytochemical constituents. We postulate that modulating or rebalancing the neuroendocrine immunomodulation network in the body is the underlying mechanism of the multiple pharmacological activities displayed by LW.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Kidney , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Neuroimmunomodulation , Phytochemicals , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Quality Control , Yin Deficiency , Drug Therapy
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800856

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms of multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR1) with refractory epilepsy in children.@*Methods@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from 200 children with epilepsy and 100 healthy controls. Genomic DNA was extracted and subjected to PCR amplification, agarose gel electrophoresis and target site sequencing. Genotypes of rs1922242, rs2235048, rs10808072, rs868755 and rs1202184 loci of the MDR1 gene were analyzed.@*Results@#No significant difference was found in genotypic distribution and allelic frequencies of the rs1922242, rs2235048, rs10808072 and rs868755 loci between the drug-resistant and drug-sensitive groups. For the rs1202184 locus, a significant difference in genotypic distribution was found (P = 0.008). No significant difference was found in the frequencies of various haplotypes between the two groups.@*Conclusion@#Genotypes of the rs1202184 locus of the MDR1 gene are associated with refractory epilepsy in children, for which the AA genotype plays a dominant role.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763335

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) gene expression and protein levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with severe or profound sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) and to explore the roles of GRs and HDAC2 in glucocorticoid (GC) insensitivity. METHODS: Fifty-five severe or profound SSNHL patients were enrolled in the study. According to hearing improvement after GC treatment, patients were assigned into two groups: GC-sensitive and GC-resistant. A normal reference group included 20 healthy volunteers without hearing loss. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analyses were used to detect the relative expression of GRα, GRβ, and HDAC2 in PBMCs at the mRNA and protein levels. RESULTS: The protein levels of GRs and HDAC2 in PBMCs of SSNHL patients were lower than the normal reference values before GC treatment. Compared with the GC-resistant group, both the mRNA and protein levels of GRα and HDAC2 were significantly increased in the GC-sensitive group after GC treatment. CONCLUSION: A lack of GRα and HDAC2 induction following steroid treatment in GC-resistant SSNHL patients may play a fundamental mechanistic role in GC insensitivity. Response of GRα and HDAC2 to steroid treatment may, thus, predict the prognosis of hearing improvement in SSNHL patients.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Gene Expression , Healthy Volunteers , Hearing , Hearing Loss , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Histone Deacetylase 2 , Histone Deacetylases , Histones , Humans , Prognosis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Glucocorticoid , Reference Values , RNA, Messenger
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756712

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical effect of traditionaldog-days acupoint application and Magic Acupuncture Patch (Manji) in the prevention and treatment of chronic bronchitis (CB) in remission stage in the past five years, and explore the principle of action and effective stimulation, to provide the evidence for treating CB by acupoint application. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 405 patients with CB who met the inclusion criteria. All patients were treated with dog-days acupoint application or Magic Acupuncture Patch between 2013 and 2017. The clinical data of 405 patients were statistically analyzed to compare the prevention and treatment effects of dog-days acupoint application and Magic Acupuncture Patch, and different degrees of stimulation of dog-days acupoint application. Results: Among the dog-days acupoint application groups, the total effective rate was 63.6% in the light stimulation group, 93.1% in the moderate stimulation group, and 94.8% in the strong stimulation group. The differences in the total effective rate between the light stimulation group and the moderate stimulation group, as well as the strong stimulation group, were statistically significant (both P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the total effective rate between the moderate stimulation group and the strong stimulation group (P>0.05). The total effective rate was 83.9% in the dog-days acupoint application group, versus 45.4% in the Magic Acupuncture Patch group, and there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion: The efficacy of dog-days acupoint application in the prevention and treatment of CB is better than that of Magic Acupuncture Patch; the degree of stimulation is the basis for the effect of dog-days acupoint application on prevention and treatment of CB, and the moderate and strong stimulations are more appropriate.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755349

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aims to analyze the prevalence, distribution, and risk factors of abnormal glucose metabolism in urban and rural adult hypertension patients in Zhengzhou. Methods The study was conducted on permanent residents aged 18 years and over (with at least 6 months of residence) in urban and rural areas of Zhengzhou. The survey subjects were chosen by the multi‐stage sampling method. Basic information regarding the height, weight, waist circumference, and blood pressure of 6 798 people who met the standards of admission and discharge were obtained through an on‐site questionnaire survey and physical examination. Blood samples were collected and blood glucose and lipid levels were detected. Results There were 1 985 patients with hypertension, with a prevalence rate of 29.20% and the standardized prevalence rate was 26.53%. Blood samples were collected from 1 936 hypertensive patients (55.8±13.6 years), of whom 903 were male (46.64%) and 1 033 female (53.36%). Among 1 050 patients (54.24%) with abnormal glucose metabolism, the impaired fasting glucose rate was 4.44%, the decreased glucose tolerance rate was 22.21%, and the diabetes rate was 27.56%. Blood samples were collected from 4 748 non‐hypertensive patients and 1 123 patients (23.65%) with abnormal glucose metabolism. The prevalence of abnormal glucose metabolism in hypertensive patients was significantly higher than that in non‐hypertensive patients, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=586.264, P<0.001). The prevalence rate of abnormal glucose metabolism in hypertensive patients was higher in females, 58.57%, than in males, 49.28% (χ2=16.743, P<0.001). Urban patients showed a higher abnormal glucose metabolism, 57.68%, than rural patients did, 51.67% (χ2=6.984, P<0.001), and the prevalence of abnormal glucose metabolism in hypertensive patients showed a significant upward trend with an increase in age. Patients with central obesity, abnormal blood lipids, family diabetes history, non‐smokers, and non‐drinkers showed a higher prevalence of abnormal glucose metabolism, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). The prevalence of abnormal glucose metabolism increased with age and body mass index, and decreased with increase in education level, with differences being statistically significant (P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, obesity, centripetal obesity, dyslipidemia, and family history of diabetes were the main risk factors for abnormal glucose metabolism in patients with hypertension. Conclusions There is a relatively high prevalence of abnormal glucose metabolism in hypertension patients among the urban and rural residents of Zhengzhou. In the management of hypertension, the detection and intervention for reducing abnormal glucose metabolism should be strengthened and related risk factors must be prevented. The age for health management objectives among hypertension and diabetes patients should be further reduced.

13.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2018; 28 (3): 255-255
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-170964

Subject(s)
Humans , Appendix/surgery
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1696-1704, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780049

ABSTRACT

Taking cabozantinib as leading compound, 13 novel small molecular c-Met inhibitors were designed and synthesized based on the obtained structure-activity relationships (SARs) of c-Met inhibitors. The structures of compounds were confirmed by 1H NMR, 13C NMR and HR-MS. In vitro anti-tumor activity was evaluated by MTT method, and the mechanism was preliminarily disclosed by real-time dynamic living cell imaging and flow cytometry analysis. The results indicated that most of compounds showed good inhibition activity against human non-small-cell carcinoma cell A549 and human colorectal cancer cell HT-29 which was superior to cabozantinb. Compounds showed excellent cytotoxity and anti-proliferative activity against HT-29, and promoted cell apoptosis.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1518-1525, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780027

ABSTRACT

Thiochromanones and 1,3,4-thiadazoles as heterocyclic compounds have broad biological activities. In order to find novel compounds with antifungal activity, we synthesized a novel series of (E)-3-(((1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl) amino)methylene)-thiochroman-4-ones. Structures of these compounds were established by HR-MS, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and 1D-noesy. All of the synthesized compounds were screened for antifungal activity by using an established agar double dilution method (plate method) against ten fungi species in vitro. Compound 5j showed significant inhibitory activity to Colletotrichum capsici, Rhizoctonia cerealis and Aspergillus niger compared with that of the positive control carbendazim. Compounds 5h exhibited better antifungal activity to Canidia albicans and Aspergillus funigatus than the positive control fluconazole, in which the minimum inhibition concentration can reach 8 μg·mL-1 and 16 μg·mL-1. Moreover, the molecular docking method was used to study the interaction mode of compound 5h and CYP51, and the results will be helpful for designing of CYP51 inhibitors in the future.

16.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1255-1264, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858251

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To design and synthesize 4-phenoxy-6,7-disubstituted quinolines possessing thiazolinone scaffolds and investigate their in vitro antitumor activities. METHODS: Taking the c-Met kinase inhibitor cabozantinib as lead compound and based on the obtained SARs, combination principles and local modification, target compounds were prepared by nucleophilic substitution, nitration, reduction and condensation, etc. The c-Met inhibition and in vitro antitumor activities were evaluated by HTRF and MTT methods, respectively. The cytotoxicity against cancer cells was evaluated by real-time dynamic living cell imaging. RESULTS: Seventeen novel compounds were obtained, and their structures were confirmed by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and HRMS. In vitro bioassay indicated that all the compounds showed inhibitory activities against A549, HepG2 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines as well as c-Met kinase. Compound m2 exhibited potent cytotoxicity with IC50 values of 2.45, 4.01, and 1.05 μmol·L-1, respectively. CONCLUSION: The series of compounds show preferable antitumor activities, which are worthy of further study.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701208

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the antidepressant effect of dextromethorphan(DXM)and its mechanism. METHODS:The antidepressant effect of DXM was observed by the methods of forced swimming test,tail suspension test and open field test.The N-methyl-D-aspartate(NMDA)receptor activity in brain,and the effects of total nitric oxide syn-thases(NOS)and various types of NOS were examined by molecular biology methods.The mice pretreated with NMDA re-ceptor antagonist MK-801(MK),NMDA,NO precursor L-arginine(L-ARG),endothelial NOS(eNOS)inhibitor Nω-ni-tro-L-arginine methyl ester(L-NAME),inducible NOS(iNOS)inhibitor aminoguanidine(AG),neuronal NOS(nNOS) inhibitor 7-nitroindole(7-NI)or phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor sildenafil were given DXM to explore the mechanism of DXM as an antidepressant.RESULTS: DXM had a dose-dependent antidepressant effect.DXM inhibited the activity of brain NMDA receptor in a dose-dependent manner, and inhibited the expression of eNOS and nNOS.MK, L-NAME and 7-NI were able to promote the antidepressant effect of DXM.NMDA,L-ARG and sildenafil were able to inhibit the antidepres-sant effect of DXM.AG did not influence the antidepressant effect of DXM.CONCLUSION:DXM has an antidepressant effect,and NMDA receptor and L-ARG-NO-cGMP signaling pathways are involved in this process.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698755

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Currently, there are few studies about prostaglandin E1 in the paracrine and migration of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of prostaglandin E1 in the paracrine and migration of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. METHODS: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells isolated from Sprague Dawley rats were cultured in vitro. Passage 3 cells were co-cultured with prostaglandin E1 at concentrations of 10 μg/L, and then culture supernatant was collected at 3, 6, 9, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours after co-culture. The level of vascular endothelial growth factor was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Effects of prostaglandin E1 on the migration of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were detected by Transwell assay and cell scratch assay. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: After treatment with prostaglandin E1 for 3 hours, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells began to secrete vascular endothelial growth factors, and the secretion level was peaked at 24 hours and then gradually decreased. Results from the Transwell assay and cell scratch assay showed that the migration ability of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells was significantly promoted by prostaglandin E1 (P < 0.05). Overall findings reveal that prostaglandin E1 promotes the secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and enhances cell migration.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698364

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Collagen has good hemostatic effect, but the single collagen hemostatic material has no ideal hemostatic efficiency due to limited water absorption capacity and poor blood concentration effect. OBJECTIVE:To observe the hemostatic effect of composite collagen sponge in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: Collagen, sponge and calcium chloride were used as raw materials to prepare composite collagen sponge. (1) Cell toxicity test:Mouse L929 cells were cultured using composite collagen sponge extract, phenol solution and cell culture medium for 2, 4, 7 days. Then, cell proliferation was detected by MTT to evaluate cell toxicity. (2) The relationship between the material and the whole blood: The relationship between the materials and the whole blood was observed by scanning electron microscope among composite collagen sponge, imported hemostatic materials and domestic hemostatic materials,following dripping the rabbit's anticoagulant blood onto the material surface.(3)In vitro coagulation activity:Blood Clotting Index was used to detect the effect of coagulation among composite collagen sponge,imported hemostatic materials and domestic hemostatic materials, following dripping the rabbit's anticoagulant blood onto the material surface. (4) Liver leaves from 18 rabbits were drilled, and then randomly divided into three groups covered with composite collagen sponge, imported hemostatic materials and domestic hemostatic materials, respectively. Bleeding time and bleeding volume were measured. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The cytotoxicity of composite collagen sponge was qualified as grade 1. (2) Compared with imported and domestic hemostatic materials, composite collagen sponge was conducive to blood water absorption but also to the further network hemoglobin and platelet clot formation, and the pores alternately extended to the interior to form the alternating complex sponge. (3) The blood clotting index of composite collagen sponge was significantly lower than that of imported and domestic hemostatic materials (P < 0.05). (4) The bleeding time and bleeding volume of composite collagen sponge were significantly lower than those of imported and domestic hemostatic materials (P < 0.05). Overall, the composite collagen sponge as a hemostatic material has good hemostatic effect and biocompatibility.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691553

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the protective effect of exosomes secreted from bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs)modified by hypoxia inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α)on the chondrocytes,and to elucidate the possible mechanism of its combination with cartilage regenerated scaffolds in promoting the repair of advanced cartilage defects.Methods:The exosomes(BMSCs-ExoWTand BMSCs-ExoMU)were extracted from the BMSCs modified by wild type of HIF-1α and mutant type of HIF-1α by ultracentrifugation method and identified in the meantime.In vitro the inflammatory response of chondrocytes were induced by interleukin-1β(IL-1β),the same amount of PBS, BMSCs-ExoWT(80 μg · mL-1),BMSCs-ExoMU(80 μg · mL-1)were respectively cultivated with the chondrocytes under the inflammatory reaction and blank group,inflammation group,BMSCs-ExoWTgroup and BMSCs-ExoMUgroup were set up;Hoechst33342 staining was used to detect the number of apoptotic bodies of chondrocytes in various groups.The Western blotting method was used to detect the expression levels of AKT/p-AKT,ERK/p-ERK and p38/p-p38 in the chondrocytes in various groups.Twelve New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups and the models of rabbit knee cartilage defects were consructed;the equal volume of physiological saline,scaffold +physiological saline,scaffold +BMSCs-ExoWTand scaffold +BMSCs-ExoMUwere respectively injected into the cartilage defects of rabbits.Six weeks after operation,gross conference, HE and safranin O staining were used to observe and compare the repair effects of cartilage defects in each group. Results:BMSCs-ExoWTand BMSCs-ExoMUwere successfully extracted and identified,and the exosomes were observed to be nearly circular with diameter of about 40-100 nm;the Western blotting results showed that they expressed special proteins CD63 and CD81,respectively.In vitro,the number of apoptotic bodies of chondrocytes in BMSCs-ExoMUgroup was lower than those in inflammation group and BMSCs-ExoWTgroup(P<0.01).The Western blotting results revealed that the expression levels of p-ERK1/2 in BMSCs-ExoMUand BMSCs-ExoWT groups were lower than that in inflammation group(P<0.05);the expression levels of p-AKT and p-p38 were higher(P<0.05);the effect in BMSCs-ExoMUgroup was stronger than BMSCs-ExoWTgroup,and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).In the advanced cartilage defect models of rabbit knee joint,the repair effect in scaffold+ BMSCs-ExoMUgroup was better than those in blank group,scaffold group and scaffold+BMSCs-ExoWTgroup.Conclusion:Cartilage scaffold combined with BMSCs-ExoMUcan promote the repair of cartilage defects.

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