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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928563

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical treatment outcomes and the changes of the outcomes over time in extremely preterm twins in Guangdong Province, China.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for 269 pairs of extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks who were admitted to the department of neonatology in 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province from January 2008 to December 2017. According to the admission time, they were divided into two groups: 2008-2012 and 2013-2017. Besides, each pair of twins was divided into the heavier infant and the lighter infant subgroups according to birth weight. The perinatal data of mothers and hospitalization data of neonates were collected. The survival rate of twins and the incidence rate of complications were compared between the 2008-2012 and 2013-2017 groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of severe asphyxia and smaller head circumference at birth (P<0.05). The mortality rates of both of the twins, the heavier infant of the twins, and the lighter infant of the twins were lower in the 2013-2017 group compared with the 2008-2012 group (P<0.05). Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of pulmonary hemorrhage, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (P-IVH), and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) and a higher incidence rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a significant increase in the survival rate over time in extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks in the 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province. The incidences of severe asphyxia, pulmonary hemorrhage, PDA, P-IVH, and NRDS decrease in both the heavier and lighter infants of the twins, but the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia increases. With the improvement of diagnosis and treatment, the multidisciplinary collaboration between different fields of fetal medicine including prenatal diagnosis, obstetrics, and neonatology is needed in the future to jointly develop management strategies for twin pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/epidemiology , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 723-733, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876513

ABSTRACT

Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the degradation of tryptophan to kynurenine. IDO1 is highly expressed in some tumor tissues. IDO1 can deplete tryptophan in tumor microenvironment, inhibit T cell function, and mediate the immune escape of tumor cells. Thus, IDO1 is considered a potential target of tumor immunotherapy. Currently, there are several IDO1 inhibitors in clinical research studies. The mechanism of IDO1-mediated tumor immune escape and the structure of IDO1 inhibitors are summarized in this review.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908838

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the application of scenario interaction combined with phased goal teaching method in nursing teaching of cardiovascular medicine.Methods:A total of 55 nursing students who interned in our department before the implementation of scenario interaction combined phased goal teaching method (from September 2017 to February 2019) were randomly selected into control group, and 55 nursing students who had internship in our department after the implementation of the nursing teaching model (from March 2019 to September 2020) were randomly selected as study group. One week before the students leaving the department, the comprehensive ability (theoretical assessment and practical assessment), thinking ability (Critical thinking disposition inventory-Chinese version, CTDI-CV), work satisfaction (Minnesota satisfaction questionnaire, MSQ) and psychological states (Maslach burnout inventory, MBI) were compared between the two groups of intern nursing students. SPSS 19.0 was used for chi-square test and t test. Results:One week before the students leaving the department, the scores of theoretical assessment, practical assessment, CTDI-CV scale, MSQ scale and personal achievement of MBI scale of intern nursing students in study group were higher than those in control group ( P<0.05). The scores of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization tendency of MBI scale in study group were lower than those in control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Scenario interaction combined with phased goal teaching method is beneficial to improve the comprehensive ability and job satisfaction, and strengthen the thinking ability and psychological states of intern nursing students.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1562-1570, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881547

ABSTRACT

The RAS (rat sarcoma) gene is one of the important oncogenes, and its mutation is present in about 30% human tumors. KRAS (kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene) is one of the three RAS subtypes, and KRAS mutations are more common than the mutations in other two RAS subtypes. In recent years, with the continuous research, new ideas have been provided for the treatment of cancers via targeting-KRAS. Efforts have been made to develop various KRAS inhibitors. Here, based on the mechanism of action, we classified KRAS inhibitors into two categories: inhibitors that directly target KRAS and inhibitors that indirectly act on KRAS. The representative KRAS inhibitors were summarized and introduced in this paper.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897132

ABSTRACT

The use of free flaps is an essential and reliable method of reconstruction in complex head and neck defects. Flap failure remains the most feared complication, the most common cause being pedicle thrombosis. Among other measures, thrombolysis is useful when manual thrombectomy has failed to restore flap perfusion, in the setting of late or established thrombosis, or in arterial thrombosis with distal clot propagation. We report a case of pedicle arterial thrombosis with distal clot propagation which occurred during reconstruction of a maxillectomy defect, and was successfully treated with thrombolysis using recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. We also review the literature regarding the use of thrombolysis in free flap surgery, and propose an algorithm for the salvage of free flaps in head and neck reconstruction.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889428

ABSTRACT

The use of free flaps is an essential and reliable method of reconstruction in complex head and neck defects. Flap failure remains the most feared complication, the most common cause being pedicle thrombosis. Among other measures, thrombolysis is useful when manual thrombectomy has failed to restore flap perfusion, in the setting of late or established thrombosis, or in arterial thrombosis with distal clot propagation. We report a case of pedicle arterial thrombosis with distal clot propagation which occurred during reconstruction of a maxillectomy defect, and was successfully treated with thrombolysis using recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. We also review the literature regarding the use of thrombolysis in free flap surgery, and propose an algorithm for the salvage of free flaps in head and neck reconstruction.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922403

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the predictive factors for glucocorticoid therapy by analyzing the association between the clinical features and treatment regimens in children with eosinophilic gastroenteritis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 182 children with eosinophilic gastroenteritis who were admitted to Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from January 2012 to December 2020. According to whether glucocorticoids were used, these children were divided into a glucocorticoid treatment group and a control group. The two groups were compared in terms of age, history of allergy, clinical symptoms, laboratory examination results, endoscopic findings, and pathological results of gastrointestinal mucosa. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed for the results with statistical significance.@*RESULTS@#Of the 182 children, 36 (19.8%) received glucocorticoid therapy. The rates of hematochezia, anemia, and mucosal ulceration/luminal stenosis under endoscopy and the mucosal eosinophil infiltration count were significantly higher in the glucocorticoid treatment group than those in the control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mucosal ulceration/luminal stenosis under endoscopy or a significant increase in the mucosal eosinophil infiltration count based on pathology suggests that glucocorticoid therapy can be considered in children with eosinophil gastroenteritis.


Subject(s)
Child , Enteritis/drug therapy , Eosinophilia/drug therapy , Female , Gastritis , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Humans , Retrospective Studies
8.
Singapore medical journal ; : 529-534, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920926

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#We aimed to review the necessity of conventional interventions in renal transplant for preventing complications arising out of the use of wound drains, ureteral stents and stapled skin closures.@*METHODS@#We reviewed a series of 33 patients who received stentless, tubeless/drainless and suture-apposed living donor renal transplants (STAR group) and compared the results to a control non-STAR group of 36 patients in whom all three interventions of drains, stents and skin staples were used.@*RESULTS@#No significant differences in demographics and clinical characteristics were observed between the two groups. With regard to the overall surgical complications, no significant differences in terms of wound infection, seroma, perinephric collections, urinoma, bacteriuria or vascular complications were observed between the groups. When analysed according to the interventions specific for preventing complications, although slightly more asymptomatic perinephric collections were observed and two lymphoceles required treatment in the STAR group, these differences were not statistically significant. Similarly, no significant differences in ureteric or skin-related complications were observed between the groups. Both groups had comparable good outcomes for renal function, graft survival and patient survival.@*CONCLUSION@#The routine use of ureteric stents, drains or skin staples may not be necessary for uncomplicated renal transplants. Potential complications associated with the placement of these interventions can be avoided without compromising on the safety of patients and/or the outcome of transplants.

9.
Ultrasonography ; : 152-158, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835308

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We aimed to document the time of onset of ultrasonographic and histologic changes in the testes of a rat model following testicular torsion. @*Methods@#Twenty-five Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups. All animals underwent preoperative Doppler ultrasonography. Groups 1, 2, and 3 underwent unilateral surgical torsion of the testis lasting for 72, 24, and 6 hours, respectively. Group 4 underwent a sham operation. The animals were followed with Doppler ultrasonography at 6, 24, 48, and 72 hours postoperatively. Histologic examinations were performed at the designated final time point for each group. @*Results@#After torsion, enlargement of the epididymal head and thickening of the spermatic cord over time were noted. Based on the ultrasonographic dimensions, the ratio of the epididymal volume increased with time following torsion (p=0.002). The torsed testes had an average weight gain of 0.27 g at 6 hours compared to the control testes, but an average weight loss of 0.22 g at 72 hours (P=0.006). Changes in testicular echotexture were noted as soon as 6 hours after torsion, but there was no consistent pattern of echotexture change thereafter. Histologically, viable tubules were seen 6 hours after torsion, while extensive hemorrhagic necrosis was found at 72 hours. @*Conclusion@#In evaluating testicular torsion, the enlargement ratio of the epididymis and thickening of the spermatic cord on Doppler ultrasonography may be useful for determining the urgency of immediate surgery. Changes in testicular echotexture may not be a reliable indicator of the time of onset.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827536

ABSTRACT

Human periodontal ligament-derived cells serve as an important source of seeding cells in periodontal regenerative medicine, and their osteogenic potential is closely related to alveolar bone repair and periodontal regeneration. Non-coding RNA (ncRNA), such as microRNA, long non-coding RNA, and circular RNA, play important roles in the regu-lation of osteogenic genes in human periodontal ligament-derived cells. In this review, we summarize the target genes, path-ways, and functions of the ncRNA network during osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament-derived cells.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Humans , MicroRNAs , Osteogenesis , Periodontal Ligament
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1032-1037, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827166

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of mmu-circRNA_016901 on the regulation of radiation injury of bone marrow stem cells and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Bone marrow stem cells were exposed to different dose of X-ray, then the expression level of mmu-circRNA_016901 in bone marrow cells treated with different doses of X-ray was detected. The luciferase reporter gene assay was used to confirm that miRNA1249-5p is the target of mmu-circRNA_016901, and RNA Binding Protein Immunoprecipitation was used to confirm that TGF-β3 is the targeted on miRNA1249-5p,the expression of TGF-β3 and cell proliferation were detected after the expression of mmu-circRNA_01690 was regulated.@*RESULTS@#When the irradiation dose<6 Gy, there were significant difference in the expression of mmn-circRNA-016901 after the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were treated by different doses of irradiation, which showed a statistically significant (P<0.05). The luciferase reporter gene detection and co-immunoprecipitation experiments confirmed that Mmu-circRNA_016901 could binds to miRNA1249-5p specifically, and overexpression of mmu-circRNA_016901 could regulate miRNA1249-5p negatively, which resulted in a significant increase in TGF-β3 expression and promoting of cell proliferation.@*CONCLUSION@#mmu-circRNA_016901 affects the expression of TGF-β3 through miRNA1249-5p, and thus participates in the regulation of the radiation damage mechanism of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , RNA, Circular , Genetics , Radiation Tolerance
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1137-1143, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827150

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of CPEB4 on the migration and cycle of K562 cells and the changes of protein molecules that may be involved in the regulatory mechanism.@*METHODS@#Western blot was used to detect the expression of CPEB4 in normal leukocytes and K562 cells. The overexpression plasmid pcDNA3.1(+)-His-CPEB4, silencing plasmid pPLK+Puro-CPEB4 shRNA were transfected into K562 cells by electroporation so as to change CPEB4. The transfection efficiency was detected by Western blot. Finally, the migration and cycle of different cells were detected by Transwell chamber and flow cytometry.Western blot was used to detect the expression changes of MMP2, MMP9, CDK4, CyclinD1 and P21 proteins.@*RESULTS@#Compared with normal white blood cells, the expression of CPEB4 protein in K562 cells was significantly enhanced (P<0.01); Compared with the control group, CPEB4-silenced K562 cells showed that the cell migration ability was significantly enhanced (P<0.01); G/G phase cell ratio reduced, G/M phase cell ratio increased, and cell cycle progression accelerated(P<0.01), The expression levels of MMP2 (P<0.05), MMP9 (P<0.05), CDK4 (P<0.01), CyclinD1 (P<0.01) proteins increased significantly. The expression level of P21 protein significantly decreased (P<0.01). The migration ability of K562 cells after CPEB4 overexpression was decreased (P<0.01), the cell ratio of G/G phase in the cell cycle increased, the cell proportion of S phase decreased and the cell cycle progression was arrested at G/G phase (P<0.01). The expression of P21 protein increased, MMP2 , MMP9, CDK4, CyclinD1 protein expression decreased significantly(P<0.05-0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#CPEB4 can inhibit the migration of K562 cells and arrest cell cycle progression at G/G phase. Its mechanism may be related with regulating the exprossion of MMP2, MMP9, CDK4, CyclinD1 and P21 proteins.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , RNA-Binding Proteins
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826710

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical therapeutic effect on post-stroke spastic paralysis of the upper extremity between the combination of kinematic-acupuncture therapy and rehabilitation training and the combined treatment of the conventional acupuncture with rehabilitation training.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients of post-stroke spastic paralysis of the upper extremity at the non-acute stage were randomized into an observation group (30 cases) and a control group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off). On the base of the routine western medication and rehabilitation treatment, the kinematic-acupuncture therapy was added in the observation group and the conventional acupuncture was used in the control group. Baihui (GV 20), Dazhui (GV 14), Jiaji (EX-B 2) from T to T, Tianzong (SI 11), Jianzhen (SI 9), Jianyu (LI 15) and Quyuan (SI 13) were selected in both groups. The treatment was given once daily and the treatment for 14 days was as one course. The one course of treatment was required in this research. Separately, before treatment and in 7 and 14 days of treatment, the score of simplified Fugl-Meyer scale of the upper extremity (FMA-UE), the grade of the modified Ashworth scale (MAS) and the score of the modified Barthel index scale (MBI) were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, in 7 and 14 days of treatment, FMA-UE score was increased obviously in either group (<0.01). In 14 days of treatment, FMA-UE score in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (<0.05). In 7 and 14 days of treatment, MAS grades of shoulder joint, elbow joint, wrist joint and metacarpophalangeal joint were all improved markedly in the two groups (<0.05). Compared with the grades in 7 days of treatment, MAS grades of elbow joint and metacarpophalangeal joint were improved markedly in 14 days of treatment in the two groups (<0.05). Compared with the control group, MAS grades of elbow joint and metacarpophalangeal joint were improved more markedly in the observation group in 14 days of treatment (<0.05). Compared with the score before treatment, MBI score was increased in 7 and 14 days of treatment respectively in the observation group (<0.05, <0.01). In 14 days of treatment, MBI score was increased in the control group (<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#For the patients with post-stroke spastic paralysis of the upper extremity at the non-acute stage, the combined treatment with kinematic-acupuncture therapy and rehabilitation training obviously improves the motor function of the upper extremity and the muscle tone of elbow joint and metacarpophalangeal joint. The therapeutic effect of this combination is better than that of the combined treatment of the conventional acupuncture with rehabilitation training. Additionally, this combined therapy improves the ability of daily life activity.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Biomechanical Phenomena , Humans , Muscle Spasticity , Therapeutics , Stroke , Therapeutics , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome , Upper Extremity
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875637

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction: Initiating and sustaining breastfeeding are influence by many factors including involvement, attitude and support from the partner. Research on breastfeeding mostly investigate maternal factors, although the father’s behaviour and role may influence the success of breastfeeding. Hence, this study aimed to determine the associations of father’s attitude and support with the duration of exclusive breastfeeding new parents. Methods: The study involved 104 new parents in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, recruited at three randomly selected antenatal clinics using purposive sampling. Fathers’ breastfeeding attitude was measured using Iowa-Infant-Feeding-Attitude-Scale, whereas paternal support using Subjective Norms and Paternal-Breastfeeding-Influence-Scale questionnaires. Mothers were asked about breastfeeding practice. Results: Exclusive breastfeeding duration rates at six months was 27.9%. The average score for paternal attitude on breastfeeding was 61.0 ±6.3, indicating father’s positive attitude towards breastfeeding. The mean score of paternal breastfeeding supports for subjective norms surrounding breastfeeding and overall support score were 4.3+0.6 and 4.06+0.6, respectively, demonstrating frequent paternal engaging and support in breastfeeding. Duration of exclusive breastfeeding were positively associated with the paternal attitude (β=0.235, p=0.027) and overall mean score for breastfeeding support (β=2.166, p=0.028), but negatively associated with support strategies score (β= -2.203, p=0.026). Conclusion: Overall, paternal support and positive attitude were associated with breastfeeding duration. It is important to increase public awareness on the important roles of fathers during the breastfeeding process such as emphasizing the husband’s role in supporting their wives to breastfeed, as well as the importance of paternal role in caring the baby, especially among new couples.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817778

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract】 【Objective】To investigate the effect and mechanism of ginsenoside Rb1 attenuating human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVEC) senescence induced by high glucose through Sirt3/SOD2 pathway.【Methods】The senescence of HUVEC induced by high glucose(40 mmol/L)was assessed by senescence-associated β-galactosidase(SA-β-Gal)staining,and the expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1(PAI-1)and P16. Annexin V-FITC/PI was performed to measure apoptotic effect. The expression of sirtuins 3(Sirt3)and superoxide dismutase 2(SOD2)was detected by western blot. Meanwhile,the level of intracellular malondialdehyde(MDA)and the activity of SOD2 were measured.【Results】Treatment of HUVEC with high glucose for 24 hours induced premature senescence instead of apoptosis,as indicated by a larger proportion of the cells stained with SA-β-Gal and the up-regulated expression of PAI-1 and P16. Pretreatment of HUVEC with ginsenoside Rb1(40 μmol/L)could reverse endothelial cell senescence,as indicated by the reduced SA-β-Gal positive cells and the down-regulated expression of PAI-1 and P16. Furthermore,ginsenoside Rb1 pretreatment upregulated the protein expression of Sirt3 and SOD2,and eventually increased the activity of SOD2 and decreased the level of MDA.【Conclusion】Ginsenoside Rb1 could antagonize high glucose-induced premature senescence of HUVEC via Sirt3/SOD2 signaling pathway.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 197-201, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816720

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Kangfuxin liquid on repairing cartilage defect model of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) in rabbits and its mechanism. METHODS: Totally 72 male New Zealand rabbits were selected and randomly divided into model control group and Kangfuxin low-dose, medium-dose, high-dose groups, with 18 rabbits in each group. A cartilage defect model of the medial femoral condyle of the right knee joint in rabbits was established by drilling after anesthesia surgery. Then the rabbits in each group were given medicine via articular cavity immediately. Kangfuxin low-dose, middle-dose and high-dose groups were given 20%, 40%, 80% Kangfuxin liquid; model control group was given constant volume of normal saline consecutively, 0.2 mL/kg, once every 3 days. At 4th, 8th, 12th week after medication, the wound repair of cartilage defect in rabbits was observed. Immediately after medication and at 4th, 8th, 12th week after medication, repaired tissue of cartilage defect in rabbits was scored histologically with Wakitani scoring standard under light microscope. At 12th week after medication, pathological changes of repaired tissue of cartilage defect in rabbits were observed by Masson staining. The levels of NO, SOD and LPO in joint fluid and PYD in urine of rabbits were detected by ELISA. RESULTS: At 4th, 8th, 12th week after medication, compared with model control group, cartilage defects in rabbits were repaired well in Kangfuxin low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups. At 4th, 8th, 12th week after medication, compared with immediately after medication and model control group at same time point, histomorphological score of repairing cartilage defect of knee joint in rabbits decreased significantly in Kangfuxin low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups (P<0.05). At 12th week after medication, compared with model control group, the histopathology degree of cartilage defect of knee joint in rabbits was significantly alleviated in Kangfuxin low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups. At 4th, 8th, 12th week after medication, compared with model control group, the levels of NO and LPO in joint fluid and PYD level in urine were decreased to different extent in Kangfuxin low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups, while SOD level was increased to different extent; at 12th week after medication, the difference of each index has statistical significance (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Kangangxin liquid can significantly repair cartilage defect of KOA cartilage defect model rabbits, the mechanism of which may be associated with increasing the expression of SOD and mediating NO-inhibited chondrocyte apoptosis.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1779-1785, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781397

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression of CPEB4 in K562 cells, the biological activity and its possible molecular mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Western blot was used to detect the expression of CPEB4 in normal leukocytes and K562 cells. The overexpression plasmid pcDNA3.1(+)-His-CPEB4 and the silencing plasmid pPLK+Puro-CPEB4 shRNA were transfected into K562 cells to change the expression of CPEB4 in K562 cells, and the transfection efficiency was detected by Western blot. Finally, CCK-8 and flow cytometry were used to detect the proliferation and apoptosis of differently treated cells, and the expression changes of proliferation and apoptosis marker proteins (AKT, p-AKT, caspase-3, BCL-2) were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with normal leukocytes, the expression of CPEB4 protein in K562 cells was higher (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the proliferation of CPEB4-silenced K562 cells significantly increased (P<0.01), the number of apoptotic cell significantly decreased, and expression of AKT, p-AKT and BCL-2 was significantly increased, the protein expression of caspase-3 was significantly reduced. The proliferation of K562 cells after CPEB4 overexpression was slowed down (P<0.05), the number of apoptotic cells significantly increased,the expressions of AKT, p-AKT and BCL-2 were significantly down-regulated, and the expression of caspase-3 was up-regulated.@*CONCLUSION@#CPEB4 can inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of K562 cells, the AKT, p-AKT, BCL-2 and caspase-3 are involved in the regulation mechanism.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , RNA-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Transfection
18.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 958-962, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818355

ABSTRACT

Objectives Anticardiolipin antibody (aCL) is an important component of antiphospholipid antibody (aPL) and a marker antibody of antiphospholipid syndrome (aPS). APL is positive in 20% to 40% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE). This article investigated the clinical features and prognosis of SLE patients with aCL. Methods From January 1999 to December 2009, 495 cases of SLE patients detected aCL who were hospitalized for the first time in 26 hospitals in Jiangsu Province including Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital were divided into aCL-positive group and aCL-negative group according to the test results. The patients were followed up in survival status, and the demographic characteristics, affected organs, laboratory tests, treatment drugs, and prognosis were compared between two groups. Results 146 of the SLE patients in this group were positive for aCL. The proportion of women in aCL- positive group (96.6%) was significantly higher than that in aCL-negative group (90.8%), and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The proportion of anemia (74.7% vs 61.3%), decreased C3(81.5% vs 71.1%), positive antinuclear antibody(97.2% vs 92.4%), and positive anti-dsDNA antibody (61.9% vs 49.6%) in aCL-positive group were significantly higher than those of aCL-negative group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The aCL-positive group received a higher proportion of cyclophosphamide immunosuppressive therapy (39.5% vs 50.7%, P<0.05). At the end of follow-up, the mortality rate of aCL-positive group was 13.7%, and the mortality rate of aCL-negative group was 14.9% and there was no significant difference in mortality (P>0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the 1-year, 5-year, and 10-year survival rates of aCL-positive group were 94.5%, 89.0%, and 82.9%, respectively, and there was no significant difference compared with aCL-negative group(P=0.776). The main causes of death in aCL-positive group were lupus encephalopathy (6 cases, 30.0%), renal failure (5 cases, 25.0%), heart failure (4 cases, 20.0%) and infection (3 cases, 15%). The main causes of death in aCL-negative group were infection (21 cases, 40.4%), lupus encephalopathy (11 cases, 21.2%) and heart failure (5 cases, 9.6%) and renal failure (4 cases, 7.7%). Conclusion SLE patients with aCL represent a high propotion in anemia, decreased C3, positive antinuclear antibody, positive anti-dsDNA antibody. There was no significant difference in disease activity and significant organ involvement between two groups. More SLE patients with aCL were treated with cyclophosphamide, and there was no significant difference in survival status between SLE patients with and without aCL during long-term follow-up.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 343-347, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780119

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents from the ethanol extract of Radix Angelicae Pubescentis was isolated and purified through Diaion HP-20 macroporous, silica gel column chromatography, gel filtration over Sephadex LH-20 and preparative HPLC. Two new sesquiterpenoid derivatives were identified as angesesquid A (1) and angesesquid B (2), and their structures were determined. In vitro degeneration model of primary rat disc chondrocytes was used to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of these two compounds. The results showed that compounds 1 and 2 had no anti-proliferation effect. Both compounds inhibited the release of NO, but had no inhibitory activity for the release of PGE2. This finding implies that both of these two new sesquiterpenoids could moderately inhibit the inflammatory reaction to some extent.

20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 454-462, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777168

ABSTRACT

Neural stem cell therapy, as a new therapeutic method for neural diseases, has aroused a wide concern for over 20 years since neural stem cells were first found in 1992. Ischemic stroke is highly concerned because of its high incidence, mortality and disability rates. Because the brain has a limited ability to repair itself, to improve neural function and promote neural regeneration may help to prevent occurrence and development of neurological diseases. It is noteworthy that some stroke patients showed an ability to repair brain several months after the stroke happened, suggesting an existence of endogenous nerve repair in these patients. The research advances in functions of endogenous neural stem cells in neural regeneration and the related regulators after ischemic stroke are summarized in this review to provide new views of the mechanism of neural functional recovery after ischemic stroke.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , Therapeutics , Humans , Nerve Regeneration , Neural Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Stroke , Therapeutics
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