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1.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 346-352, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989813

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Xuanbai Chengqi Decoction (XBCQT) on lung-gut injury and intestinal function, and analyze its effect on intestinal flora in sepsis mice.Methods:C57 male mice were randomly divided into three groups with 12 mice in each group: control group, model group and treatment group. The sepsis model was prepared by intra-peritoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 5 mg/kg. XBCQT was administered by gavage 24 h before, 0.5 h after and 12 h after modeling. The lung, colon and blood samples were collected at 24 h after modeling. The pulmonary and intestinal inflammatory cytokine content of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP-1) was measured by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. HE staining was used to evaluate the structural damage and changes of lung and gut, and Western blot and Immunohistochemistry methods were used to analyze the expression of occludin and claudin-1 in intestinal epithelium. Finally, the plasma endotoxin content of each group was tested by Limulus test kit. Fecal DNA of mice was extracted and the changes of intestinal flora in sepsis mice were detected by 16S rDNA quantitative PCR. The measurement data among the three groups were compared by one-way analysis of variance.Results:(1) XBCQT significantly reduced the pulmonary inflammatory cytokine IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and MCP-1 expression (all P<0.05), and attenuated lung injury. (2) Compared to the model group, the treatment group exhibited a reduction in intestinal damage and a decrease in the intestinal inflammatory cytokines (all P<0.05). XBCQT increased the expression of epithelial tight junction and mucin of colon, and improved the intestinal epithelium barrier function. (3) XBCQT treatment decreased the content of endotoxin in plasma of sepsis mice ( P<0.05), promoted the growth of beneficial bacteria Akkermansia muciniphila and reduced the expression of Enterococcus in the intestine of sepsis mice (all P<0.05). Conclusions:XBCQT can significantly improve the intestinal inflammatory injury, regulate the intestine epithelium barrier and improve the intestinal function in sepsis mice.

2.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 730-744, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010986

ABSTRACT

Traditionally, Tripterygium hypoglaucum (Levl.) Hutch (THH) are widely used in Chinese folk to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study aimed to investigate whether the anti-RA effect of THH is related with the gut microbiota. The main components of prepared THH extract were identified by HPLC-MS. C57BL/6 mice with adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) were treated with THH extract by gavage for one month. THH extract significantly alleviated swollen ankle, joint cavity exudation, and articular cartilage destruction in AIA mice. The mRNA and protein levels of inflammatory mediators in muscles and plasma indicated that THH extract attenuated inflammatory responses in the joint by blocking TLR4/MyD88/MAPK signaling pathways. THH extract remarkably restored the dysbiosis of the gut microbiota in AIA mice, featuring the increases of Bifidobacterium, Akkermansia, and Lactobacillus and the decreases of Butyricimonas, Parabacteroides, and Anaeroplasma. Furthermore, the altered bacteria were closely correlated with physiological indices and drove metabolic changes of the intestinal microbiota. In addition, antibiotic-induced pseudo germ-free mice were employed to verify the role of the intestinal flora. Strikingly, THH treatment failed to ameliorate the arthritis symptoms and signaling pathways in pseudo germ-free mice, which validates the indispensable role of the intestinal flora. For the first time, we demonstrated that THH extract protects joint inflammation by manipulating the intestinal flora and regulating the TLR4/MyD88/MAPK signaling pathway. Therefore, THH extract may serve as a microbial modulator to recover RA in clincial practice.ver RA in clincial practice.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Tripterygium , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/genetics , Toll-Like Receptor 4/genetics , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Arthritis, Experimental/drug therapy
3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 101-107, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013885

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the role of mitochondrial translocator protein(TSPO)in the apoptosis of HepG2 cells induced by tanshinone IIA(Tan II A)and the involved mechanism. Methods Following the HepG2 cells treated with Tan ⅡA at 2.5, 5 and 10 μmol·L-1, the cell viability was determined by MTT assay, and intracellular ATP content was determined by luciferin-luciferase method. Oxygen utilization was measured polarographically with a Clark oxygen electrode. Cell apoptosis was determined by Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometry. The mitochondrial membrane potential was assessed with JC-1 staining. The intracellular distribution of TSPO was examined by TSPO immunostaining, and the expressions of TSPO, Cyto C, caspase-3, caspase-9 were determined by immunoblotting analysis. Results Tan II A inhibited the proliferation of HepG2 cells in a dose-and time-dependent manner. The treatment with Tan II A inhibited ATP production and oxygen utilization of mitochondria. In addition, Tan ⅡA enhanced TSPO expression and accumulation in nuclei and up-regulated the expression of Cyto C, caspase-3 and caspase-9. Conclusions Tan II A induces the apoptosis of HepG2 cells, which may be related to the TSPO-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 654-659, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012208

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the efficacy of immunosuppression intensified conditioning regimen in patients who have strongly positive donor-specific Anti-HLA antibodies (DSAs) and received a haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) . Methods: Clinical data of 10 patients with strongly positive pretransplant DSAs (defined as MFI ≥10000) were retrospectively analyzed in this study. All of them received a haplo-HSCT in the Hematology Department of Shanghai Zhaxin Traditional Chinese & Western Medicine Hospital. Results: ① Of all ten patients, three were males, and seven were females, with a median age of 53.5 (36-64) years. Of the 10 patients, three were diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia, two were myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), two were chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), two were in an accelerated phase of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML-AP), and one was primary myelofibrosis (PMF). ② Conditioning regimen consisted of fludarabine (Flu) /busulfan (Bu) combined with whole-body irradiation (TBI) /cyclophosphamide (Cy). ③ On the seventh day after transplantation, the median pretransplant DSA level was MFI 15 999 (10 210-23 417) and 10 787 (0-22 720). ④ Eight patients acquired hematopoietic reconstitution; the median time of neutrophil engraftment was 14 (10-16) days; and 18 (14-20) days for platelet engraftment. After a median follow-up of 12.5 (1.5-27) months, primary graft failure was found in one patient and another with poor graft function. Seven patients remained in a disease remission state, and all were DSA-negative. Conclusions: An intensified immunosuppression conditioning regimen can efficiently decrease the level of donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSAs), leading to good short-term efficacy.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Graft vs Host Disease , Transplantation Conditioning , China , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Antilymphocyte Serum , Busulfan , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Immunosuppression Therapy
5.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 855-866, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010214

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It is not clear whether sacubitril/valsartan is beneficial for patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and low systolic blood pressure (SBP). This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of sacubitril/valsartan in HFrEF patients with SBP < 100 mmHg.@*METHODS & RESULTS@#An observational study was conducted on 117 patients, 40.2% of whom had SBP < 100 mmHg without symptomatic hypotension, and 59.8% of whom had SBP ≥ 100 mmHg in an optimized HF follow-up management system. At the 6-month follow-up, 52.4% of patients with SBP < 100 mmHg and 70.0% of those with SBP ≥ 100 mmHg successfully reached the target dosages of sacubitril/valsartan. A reduction in the concentration of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide was similar between patients with SBP < 100 mmHg and SBP ≥ 100 mmHg (1627.5 pg/mL and 1340.1 pg/mL, respectively; P = 0.75). The effect of sacubitril/valsartan on left ventricular ejection fraction was observed in both SBP categories, with a 10.8% increase in patients with SBP < 100 mmHg (P < 0.001) and a 14.0% increase in patients with SBP ≥ 100 mmHg (P < 0.001). The effects of sacubitril/valsartan on SBP were statistically significant and inverse across both SBP categories (P = 0.001), with an increase of 7.5 mmHg in patients with SBP < 100 mmHg and a decrease of 11.5 mmHg in patients with SBP ≥ 100 mmHg. No statistically significant differences were observed between the two groups in terms of the occurrence of symptomatic hypotension, deteriorating renal function, hyperkalemia, angioedema, or stroke.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Within an optimized HF follow-up management system, sacubitril/valsartan exhibited excellent tolerability and prompted left ventricular reverse remodeling in patients with HFrEF who presented asymptomatic hypotension.

6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 922-926, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982152

ABSTRACT

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous hematopoietic tumor originated from hematopoietic stem cells. FLT3 is an important receptor tyrosine kinase in cell signal transduction pathway and one of the common mutated genes in AML. AML patients with FLT3-ITD mutation have a poor prognosis and tendency to relapse. Therefore, early identification of FLT3 gene mutation and selection of appropriate treatment are particularly important. Currently, the small moleculetargeted drugs have been new treatment methods for AML patients with FLT3-ITD mutation, but accompanied drug resistance need to be solved. This paper reviews the mechanism of FLT3 mutation, the clinical significance of FLT3 mutation in AML, FLT3 inhibitors and drug resistance mechanism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mutation , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Signal Transduction , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/therapeutic use , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3/genetics
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2464-2470, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981322

ABSTRACT

This paper explored the chemical constituents of Boswellia carterii by column chromatography on silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS column chromatography, and semi-preparative HPLC. The structures of the compounds were identified by physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data such as infrared radiation(IR), ultra violet(UV), mass spectrometry(MS), and nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR). Seven diterpenoids were isolated and purified from n-hexane of B. carterii. The isolates were identified as(1S,3E,7E,11R,12R)-11-hydroxy-1-isopropyl-4,8,12-trimethyl-15-oxabicyclo[10.2.1]pentadeca-3,7-dien-5-one(1),(1R,3S,4R,7E,11E)-4,8,12,15,15-pentamethyl-14-oxabicyclo[11.2.1]hexadeca-7,11-dien-4-ol(2), incensole(3),(-)-(R)-nephthenol(4), euphraticanoid F(5), dilospirane B(6), and dictyotin C(7). Among them, compounds 1 and 2 were new and their absolute configurations were determined by comparison of the calculated and experimental electronic circular dichroisms(ECDs). Compounds 6 and 7 were obtained from B. carterii for the first time.


Subject(s)
Molecular Structure , Boswellia/chemistry , Diterpenes/chemistry , Mass Spectrometry
8.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 209-212, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970739

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the serum carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) level and its influencing factors in male silicosis patients with pulmonary heart disease. Methods: In October 2021, data of 38 male patients with simple silicosis (silicosis group), 28 cases of silicosis with pulmonary heart disease (pulmonary heart disease group), and 27 healthy controls (control group) in the same age group were collected in inpatient and outpatient of Nanjing Occupational Disease Prevention and Control Hospital from January 2017 to December 2020. The serum CA125 levels of the three groups were compared, and the correlation between disease-related indexes and serum CA125 in silicosis patients with pulmonary heart disease was analyzed, as well as the influencing factors of pulmonary heart disease and serum CA125 levels in silicosis patients. Results: The serum CA125 level[ (19.95±7.52) IU/ml] in pulmonary heart disease group was higher than that in silicosis group[ (12.98±6.35) IU/ml] and control group[ (9.17±5.32) IU/ml] (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in serum CA125 level between the silicosis group and the control group (P>0.05). Serum CA125 levels were positively correlated with blood uric acid and fasting blood glucose in silicosis patients with pulmonary heart disease (r=0.39, 0.46, P<0.05). Serum CA125 level was a risk factor for silicosis patients with pulmonary heart disease (OR=1.13, 95%CI: 1.02-1.24, P<0.05). Dust exposure time, lactate dehydrogenase and smoking history were positively correlated with serum CA125 level in silicosis patients (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The serum CA125 level of male silicosis patients with pulmonary heart disease is significantly increased, and the level of CA125 is correlated with the level of fasting blood glucose and blood uric acid.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Pulmonary Heart Disease , Blood Glucose , Uric Acid , Silicosis/complications , Risk Factors
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 127-133, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927919

ABSTRACT

In light of related methods in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition), this study established the quality standard for Lobeliae Chinensis Herba. The TLC identification method was established with silica gel GF_(254) thin layer plate, diosmin standard, linarin standard, and the reference material of Lobeliae Chinensis Herba. The loss on drying, total ash, acid-insoluble ash, and ethanol-soluble extracts of 18 batches of Lobeliae Chinensis Herba samples were determined according to the general principles in Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Then, HPLC was adopted in the establishment of characteristic chromatogram and content determination. The results showed that the established method can achieve good separation for diosmin, linarin, and lobetyolin. Based on the results of detection for 18 batches of Lobeliae Chinensis Herba samples, the draft quality standard was established, which was expected to provide reference for the revision of this medicinal herb in Chinese Pharmacopoeia.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/standards , Lobelia/chemistry , Plants, Medicinal/chemistry
10.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1586-1592, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990594

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of totally laparoscopic exclusion of splenic artery aneurysm combined with pericardial devascularization for portal hypertension com-plicated with splenic aneurysm.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 17 patients with portal hypertension complicated with splenic aneurysm who were admitted to 2 medical centers (15 cases in Shenzhen University General Hospital and 2 cases in Wuhan First Hospital) from January 2013 to May 2020 were collected. There were 7 males and 10 females, aged (59±14)years. All patients underwent totally laparoscopic exoclusion of splenic artery aneurysm combined with pericardial devascularization. Observation indicators : (1) surgical and postoperative conditions; (2) complications; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted by out-patient examiantion and telephone interview to detect the effect of exclusion of arterial tumor, and blood re-flow, portal vein thrombosis and survival of patients 3 months after operation. The follow-up was up to December 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). Results:(1) Surgical and postoperative conditions. All 17 patients successfully completed the operation, without perioperative death. The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss of 17 patients were (181±30)minutes, 187(range, 90?420)mL. The white blood cell count, red blood cell count, hemoglobin, serum albumin were (9±4)×10 9/L, (3.5±0.9)×10 12/L, (86±17)g/L, (36±7)g/L on the postoperative day 3. Time to postoperative abdominal drainage tube removal and duration of post-operative hospital stay were (7±4)days and (11±4)days. (2) Complications. All 17 patients had ascites after surgery, which were improved after oral treatment with diuretics. There was no complication such as intra-abdominal hemorrhage, gastrointestinal fistula, pleural effusion, infection, abscess formation, fever and vascular embolism. (3) Follow-up. All the 17 patients were followed up for 28.6(range, 7.0?84.0)months. During the follow-up, the splenic aneurysm cavity of all patients was completely isolated, no blood re-flow and no portal vein thrombosis was observed, and no patient died. Conclusion:Totally laparoscopic exclusion of splenic artery aneurysm combined with pericardial devascularization is safe and feasible in the treatment of portal hypertension complicated with splenic aneurysm.

11.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 301-306, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930851

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the accuracy of lung ultrasound(LUS) to predict pneumonia in pediatric patients using meta-analysis.Methods:The PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMbase databases from January 2015 to March 2020 were searched.The retrieved outcome data to evaluate the efficacy of LUS for the diagnosis of pneumonia in patients under 18 years of age were included.Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of included studies.Meta-analysis was then conducted using MetaDisc 1.4, RevMan 5.3 and Stata 15.0 softwares.Results:Twelve diagnostic studies were included, which involved 2 484 patients.The results of meta-analysis showed that compared with the gold standard, the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios, diagnostic odds ratio of LUS were 0.90(95% CI 0.88-0.91), 0.88(95% CI 0.85-0.90), 8.64(95% CI 3.79-19.72), 0.12(95% CI 0.06-0.26) and 77.58(95% CI 28.39-211.99), respectively.The area under the summary receiver operating characteri stic curve was 0.96.Subgroup analysis showed that there was no difference in LUS′s diagnostic accuracy for pneumonia with different department, different diagnostic gold standard, and different level of sonographer training. Conclusion:Current evidence shows that LUS has a high accuracy in the diagnosis of pneumonia in children.

12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 659-670, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939673

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective: To identify the expression and methylation patterns of lncRNA CASC15 in bone marrow (BM) samples of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, and further explore its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#Eighty-two de novo AML patients and 18 healthy donors were included in the study. Meanwhile, seven public datasets from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were included to confirm the expression and methylation data of CASC15. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was applied to determine the discriminative capacity of CASC15 expression to identify AML. The patients were divided into CASC15high group and CASC15low group by X-tile method, and the prognostic value of CASC15 was identified by Kaplan-Meier method and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of CASC15 was significantly decreased in BM cells of AML patients compared with healthy donors (P<0.001). ROC curve analysis suggested that CASC15 expression might be a potential biomarker to discriminate AML from controls. The expression of CASC15 was high at the early stage of hematopoiesis, and reached a peak at the stage of multipotent progenitors differentiation, then decreased rapidly, and was at a range of low level fluctuations in the subsequent process. Among FAB subtypes, CASC15 expression in M0 was significantly higher than that in M1-M7. Clinically, CASC15low patients were more likely to have NPM1 mutations than CASC15high patients (P=0.048), while CASC15high patients had a significantly higher frequency of IDH1 and RUNX1 mutations (P=0.021 and 0.014, respectively). Moreover, CASC15low group had a shorter overall survival (OS) in patients with NPM1 mutations. Furthermore, multivariate analysis confirmed that CASC15 expression was a significant independent risk factor for OS in NPM1 mutated AML patients. In addition, CASC15 methylation level in BM samples of AML patients was significantly decreased compared with healthy donors. Patients with CASC15 high methylation had poor OS and disease-free survival.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of CASC15 is decreased in AML, and low CASC15 expression may predict adverse prognosis in AML patients with NPM1 mutations. Moreover, CASC15 methylation level in AML is significantly decreased, and high CASC15 methylation may predict poor prognosis in AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/metabolism , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Nucleophosmin/genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 653-658, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939672

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) assay for the detection of NPM1 type A mutation in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and to evaluate its specificity, sensitivity and its value in clinical application.@*METHODS@#NPM1 mutant and wildtype plasmids were used to verify the performance of ddPCR. Both ddPCR and Sanger sequencing were used to detect the bone marrow samples of 87 AML patients, which were confirmed by next generation sequencing (NGS). Moreover, NPM1 mutation burden was dynamically monitored in five patients by ddPCR.@*RESULTS@#The limit of blank (LOB) of ddPCR established for NPM1 mutation detection was 1.1 copies/μl, and the limit of detection (LOD) was 2.43 copies/μl, which had good linearity. Among the 87 newly diagnosed AML patients, ddPCR identified seventeen cases positive for NPM1 mutation (19.5%), which was consistent with Sanger sequencing. NGS confirmed 12 positive cases, including 8 of type A mutations, 2 of type D mutations, and 2 of rare type mutations. The results of dynamic monitoring of NPM1 mutation burden in 5 patients showed that the NPM1 mutation burden decreased obviously even close to 0, when patients achieve complete remission after chemotherapy. However, the mutation burden was increased again at the time of relapse.@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, we established a ddPCR method for detection of NPM1 mutation with good sensitivity and repeatability, which can be used for screening NPM1 mutation in newly diagnosed AML patients and for minimal residual disease monitoring after remission in positive AML patients to guide treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Nucleophosmin , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prognosis
14.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 108-113, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935652

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features, survival and prognostic risk factors of children with hepatoblastoma (HB). Methods: Clinical data of 83 children with newly treated HB at the Department of Hematology and Oncology, Children's Hospital, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2012 to October 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The sex, age, first clinical manifestations, pretreatment extent of disease (PRETEXT) stages, pathological types, initial alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), treatment methods and treatment outcome of all patients were summarized. The children diagnosed before 2018 were treated with "Wuhan Protocol", and those who diagnosed after 2018 were treated with the "Expert Consensus for Multidisciplinary Management of Hepatoblastoma"(CCCG-HB-2016) protocol. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to calculate the survival rate, Log-Rank test was used in univariate analysis, and the Cox regression model was used in multivariate prognosis analysis. Results: Among 83 cases, there were 51 males and 32 females. The age of onset was 25.2 (9.0, 34.0) months old, and 64 cases (77%) were under 3 years old. The most common first clinical manifestation was abdominal mass in 45 cases (54%). There were 8 cases of PRETEXT stage Ⅰ, 43 cases of stage Ⅱ, 20 cases of stage Ⅲ and 12 cases of stage Ⅳ. During the follow-up period of 40 (17, 63) months, the 1-year overall survival (OS) rate and event-free survival (EFS) rate were (84±4) % and (79±5) %, respectively, and 5-year OS rate and EFS rate were (78±5) % and (76±5) %, respectively. Fifty-five cases were treated with "Wuhan Protocol", and the 5-year OS and EFS rate were (73±6) % and (71±6) %, respectively. Twenty-eight cases were treated with CCCG-HB-2016 protocol, and the 5-year OS and EFS rate were (88±7) % and (82±9) %, respectively. Multivariate COX regression analysis showed that AFP did not turn negative after 3 courses of postoperative chemotherapy (HR=9.228, 95%CI 1.017-83.692) and PRETEXT stage Ⅳ (HR=6.587, 95%CI 1.687-25.723) were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of children with HB. Conclusions: The "Wuhan Protocol" and CCCG-HB-2016 protocol were effective in the treatment of children with HB. AFP did not turn negative after 3 courses of postoperative chemotherapy and PRETEXT stage Ⅳ were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of children with HB.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Hepatoblastoma/drug therapy , Liver Neoplasms , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 158-165, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928686

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy, survival, and prognosis of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) with new drug chemotherapy in the treatment of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) in the new drug era.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 149 patients with NDMM treated with new drug induction regimen in Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2012 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-four patients who received ASCT were in ASCT group, and 125 patients who did not receive ASCT were in non-ASCT group. The median follow-up time was 43 (1-90) months. The propensity score matching (PSM) method was used to balance confounding factors, then depth of response, overall survival (OS), and progression-free survival (PFS) between the two groups were compared and subgroup analysis was performed.@*RESULTS@#After matching, the covariates were balanced between the two groups. Fifty-one patients (15 cases in ASCT group and 36 cases in non-ASCT group) were included. ASCT patients had a better complete response (CR) rate than non-ASCT patients receiving maintenance therapy (93.3% vs 42.3%, P=0.004), while there were no statistical differences in deep response rate and overall response rate (ORR) between the two groups (93.3% vs 65.4%, P=0.103; 93.3% vs 96.2%, P=1.000). Before matching, the 3 and 5-year PFS rate and median PFS (mPFS) in ASCT group and non-ASCT group were [89.6% vs 66.5%, P=0.024; 69.8% vs 42.7%; non-response (NR) vs 51.0 months], and the 3 and 5-year OS rate and median OS (mOS) were (100% vs 70.6%, P=0.002; 92.3% vs 49.6%; NR vs 54.0 months). After matching, the 3 and 5-year PFS rate and mPFS in ASCT group and non-ASCT group were (83.6% vs 61.7%, P=0.182; 62.7% vs 45.7%; NR vs 51.0 months), the 3 and 5-year OS rate and mOS were (100% vs 65.6%, P=0.018; 88.9% vs 46.9%; NR vs 51.0 months). Subgroup analysis showed that patients with mSMART 3.0 high risk stratification, the 3-year PFS rate and mPFS in ASCT group and non-ASCT group were (83.3% vs 41.5%, P=0.091; NR vs 34.0 months), and the 3-year OS rate and mOS were (100% vs 41.5%, P=0.034; NR vs 34.0 months). Patients with mSMART 3.0 standard risk stratification, the 3-year PFS rate and OS rate in ASCT group and non-ASCT group were (83.3% vs 76.8%, P=0.672; 100% vs 87.2%, P=0.155). The 3-year PFS and OS rate in MM patients who achieved deep response within 3 months after transplantation compared with non-ASCT patients who achieved deep response after receiving maintenance therapy were (83.1% vs 56.7%, P=0.323; 100% vs 60.5%, P=0.042), and the 3-year PFS and OS rate in patients who achieved overall response in both groups were (83.1% vs 62.5%, P=0.433; 100% vs 68.1%, P=0.082). After matching, Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that mSMART 3.0 risk stratification and ASCT were independent prognostic factors for OS.@*CONCLUSION@#In the new drug era, ASCT can increase CR rate and prolong OS of NDMM patients. ASCT patients who are mSMART 3.0 high risk stratification or achieved deep response within 3 months after transplantation have better OS than non-ASCT patients receiving new drug chemotherapy. ASCT and mSMART 3.0 risk stratification are independent prognostic factors for OS in NDMM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
16.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 719-725, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984163

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish a system for simultaneous detection of miR-888 and miR-891a by droplet digital PCR (ddPCR), and to evaluate its application value in semen identification.@*METHODS@#The hydrolysis probes with different fluorescence modified reporter groups were designed to realize the detection of miR-888 and miR-891a by duplex ddPCR. A total of 75 samples of 5 body fluids (including peripheral blood, menstrual blood, semen, saliva and vaginal secretion) were detected. The difference analysis was conducted by Mann-Whitney U test. The semen differentiation ability of miR-888 and miR-891a was evaluated by ROC curve analysis and the optimal cut-off value was obtained.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference between the dual-plex assay and the single assay in this system. The detection sensitivity was up to 0.1 ng total RNA, and the intra- and inter-batch coefficients of variation were less than 15%. The expression levels of miR-888 and miR-891a detected by duplex ddPCR in semen were both higher than those in other body fluids. ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC of miR-888 was 0.976, the optimal cut-off value was 2.250 copies/μL, and the discrimination accuracy was 97.33%; the AUC of miR-891a was 1.000, the optimal cut-off value was 1.100 copies/μL, and the discrimination accuracy was 100%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, a method for detection of miR-888 and miR-891a by duplex ddPCR was successfully established. The system has good stability and repeatability and can be used for semen identification. Both miR-888 and miR-891a have high ability to identify semen, and the discrimination accuracy of miR-891a is higher.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Body Fluids/chemistry , MicroRNAs/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Saliva/chemistry , Semen/chemistry
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 8-19, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134333

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Recently, several studies have found that obesity had a protective effect against varicocele, but no meta-analysis has confirmed this finding. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and varicocele. Material and Methods: We searched for studies in PubMed, Science Direct and the Cochrane Library from inception until February 2018. The association between BMI and varicocele was assessed by pooling the odds ratios (ORs). Results: Eleven eligible studies with a total study population of 1.376.658 participants were included in our analysis. According to BMI, the subjects were defined as belonging to the obese, overweight and underweight groups. Our results showed that the obese group had a lower risk of varicocele when compared with the normal weight group (odds ratio [OR] 0.46, 95% confidence intervals [CIs] 0.37-0.58). Additionally, an overweight BMI had a protective effect against varicocele (OR 0.70, 95% CIs, 0.56-0.86). However, underweight patients had a more than 30% higher risk of varicocele (OR 1.31, 95% CI, 1.04-1.64). Furthermore, there was no publication bias in any of the analyses. Conclusions: Our study demonstrates that BMI is negatively associated with the presence of varicocele.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Varicocele/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Odds Ratio , Overweight/complications , Overweight/epidemiology , Obesity/complications
18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 110-117, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the long-term effect of Zhenzhu Tiaozhi capsule(FTZ) on hemoglobin A1c(HbA1c)in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) based on real-world data. Method:T2DM patients who were provided with FTZ (FTZ group) and those receiving conventional hypoglycemic drugs (control group) were extracted from the hospital information system (HIS) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, followed by propensity score matching (PSM) for balancing the confounding factors between groups. With HbA1c as the efficacy evaluation index, the difference in efficacy between the two groups was compared using <italic>t</italic>-test and <italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup> test. For repeated measurement data of the same patient, the difference in efficacy and the stability of FTZ against HbA1c were analyzed by generalized estimating equation (GEE). The factors that might affect the efficacy of FTZ against HbA1c were subjected to multivariate linear regression analysis (MLRA), and the subgroup analyses were then conducted after the stratification of relevant factors. Result:There were 46 patients included in the FTZ group and 1 208 patients in the control group. PSM yielded 42 pairs of samples with balanced covariates between groups. As revealed by one-year observation, ① HbA1c in the FTZ group after treatment was 6.51%±1.09%. No significant difference was observed either in pre- and post-treatment comparison in the FTZ group or in its comparison with the control group. At the same time, the HbA1c compliance rate in the FTZ group was 73.8% after treatment. No significant difference was observed either in pre- and post-treatment comparison in the FTZ group or in its comparison with the control group. ② The GEE results showed that the post-treatment HbA1c levels in the two groups were not significantly different from each other. Moreover, the HbA1c level remained stable over treatment time. ③ MLRA and subgroup analyses results demonstrated that FTZ was more effective in patients with high baseline HbA1c [<italic>β</italic>=-0.530,95% confidence interval(CI) -0.850~-0.209,<italic>P</italic><0.01] or those who were complicated with hypertension (<italic>β</italic>=-0.918,95%CI -1.614~-0.222,<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:In the real world, FTZ is able to control the blood sugar, and its effect is similar to those of conventional hypoglycemic drugs. Besides, it is capable of stabilizing the blood sugar for a long time.

19.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 40-47, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873746

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution and changing trend of canine echinococcosis in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, so as to provide the scientific evidence for prevention and control of canine echinococcosis in high-risk areas of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Methods All data pertaining to Echinococcus infections in canine feces and sampling survey of human echinococcosis were collected from the echinococcosis-endemic foci of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2012 to 2018, and the prevalence of Echinococcus infections was investigated in dogs and humans. In addition, the spatial distribution characteristics and clusters of canine echinococcoses were identified. Results A total of 164 139 canine fecal samples were detected in the echinococcosis-endemic foci of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2012 to 2018, and there were 2 136 fecal samples positive for Echinococcus coproantigens. The positive rates of Echinococcus coproantigens were 0.54% to 1.73% in dogs from 2012 to 2018, with a tendency towards a decline seen in the prevalence of Echinococcus infections in dogs (χ2 = 108.83, P < 0.01), and there was a significant difference in the positive rate of Echinococcus coproantigens in dogs among years (χ2 = 155.27, P < 0.01). Three-dimensional trend analysis showed that canine echinococcosis was mainly concentrated in east of central Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and a high prevalence was detected in New Barag Right Banner and Sonid Right Banner. The global spatial distribution of canine echinococcosis appeared a random pattern in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2012 to 2018 (Moran’s I > 0, P > 0.05), and there were “high-high” and “high-low” clusters of canine echinococcosis in local areas. The prevalence of human echinococcosis was 0.08%, and there was a significant difference in the prevalence among regions (χ2 = 147.61, P < 0.01), with a high prevalence seen in West Ujimqin Banner, Jarud Banner and New Barag Right Banner. In addition, the prevalence of human echinococcosis correlated positively with the Echinococcus coproantigen-positive rate in dogs (r = 0.52, P < 0.01). Conclusions The prevalence of Echinococcus infections shows an overall tendency towards a decline in dogs in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2012 to 2018, with a high prevalence found in New Barag Right Banner and Sonid Right Banner. Human echinococcosis is concentrated in clusters of canine echinococcosis, where health education and targeted control interventions requires to be intensified.

20.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 802-807, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909100

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the influence of pregnant mice having malaria on T cell function of offspring mice, and to study the changes of cellular immune response in offspring mice exposed to malaria infection in uterus.Methods:Adult Kunming mice of clean grade were selected after mating, on the 14th day of pregnancy, pregnant mice were randomize assigned into experimental group ( n = 5) and control group ( n = 5) according to the method of random number table. Each mouse in the experimental group was intraperitoneally inoculated with 1 × 10 6 red blood cells infected with Plasmodium berghei ( P.b), and same volume of normal saline was given to control group. After birth, the changes of CD4/CD8 T cell subsets in their thymuses and spleens of the two group neonatal mice were analyzed by flow cytometry at day 0, 1, 3, 5 and 4-week-old. Then the 4-weeks-old neonatal mice were intraperitoneally inoculated with 1 × 10 6P.b. On the third day, the changes of CD4/CD8 T cells subsets in their thymuses and spleens were observed, respectively, and the immune response of spleen cells stimulated by P.b antigen or mitogen [concanavalin A (Con A)] was detected. Results:Compared with the control group, the proportions of CD3 +CD4 +CD8 - T cells in thymus and spleen of the offspring of the experimental group (0, 1, 3, 5 days) were higher ( P < 0.05), while the proportions of CD3 +CD4 -CD8 + T cells in thymus were lower ( P < 0.05). For 4-week-old offspring and after infection of P.b, the proportions of CD3 +CD4 +CD8 - T cells in thymus and spleen of the experimental group were both significantly higher than those of control group ( P < 0.05), in contrast, the proportions of CD3 +CD4 -CD8 + T cells in thymus and spleen were both significantly lower than those of control group ( P < 0.05). The spleen cells of 4-week-old mice were stimulated by P.b antigen or mitogen ConA in vitro, compared with the control group, there were no significant differences in the proportions of CD3 +CD4 +CD8 - T cells and CD3 +CD4 -CD8 + T cells in the experimental group ( P > 0.05). Conclusion:During pregnancy, the maternal infection of P.b could significantly affect the ratio of CD4/CD8 T cell subsets in thymus and spleen of offspring mice; and could change the cellular immune response of offspring to P.b infection.

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