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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 635-640, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920737

ABSTRACT

Caspofungin is the firs t echinocandin antifungal drug approved for serious fungal infections caused by Candida or Aspergillus. Currently ,caspofungin has been recommended as the first-line treatment for invasive Candida and the second-line treatment for invasive Aspergillus,for its safety and tolerability. However ,there are still probability of pharmacokinetic variability and the risk of low exposure in different populations. Herein the population pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics studies of caspofungin in children and adults were reviewed. The results indicate that the body surface area was the main factor affecting the distribution and clearance of caspofungin in pediatric patients. In adults ,the two-compartment model fits the caspofungin behavior best in vivo with the primary covariates of body weight and albumin level. The efficacy of caspofungin might be related to pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics parameters ,such as the ratio of area under blood concentration time curve to minimum inhibitory concentration (AUC/MIC),the ratio of peak concentration to minimum effective concentration (cmax/MEC).

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907801

ABSTRACT

Because of low incidence, atypical clinical symptom, pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (pNENs) and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) alway have suspected diagnosis and misdiagnosis. This paper aims to improve the diagnosis and treatment of two diseases by a case of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor with suspected autoimmune pancreatitis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905166

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the accessibility construction status of road traffic sidewalks in Shanghai. Methods:From July to September, 2019, 46 road traffic sidewalks in Shanghai were selected using a convenience sampling, and evaluation tools were designed based on the Codes for Accessibility Design (GB 50763-2012) and Standards for Design on Accessibility of Buildings and Facilities (DGJ08-103-2003). After field check and experience for the sidewalks, the compliance rates of evaluation dimensions and evaluation contents of sidewalks were analyzed using the descriptive analysis. The weights of each dimension were calculated using the principal component analysis to construct the sidewalk comprehensive barrier score model, and to compare the sidewalk comprehensive barrier scores in different areas of Shanghai. From September to November 2019, in-depth interviews were conducted with eleven persons with disabilities to understand the sidewalk barriers for them. Results:The overall compliance rate of sidewalk accessibility was 4.35%. Among the evaluated contents, 93.5% sidewalks had a curb ramp, 91.3% had a height difference between the ramp and the carriageway, 26.1% were not paved with tactile ground surface indicators; 71.7% tactile ground surface indicators were blocked by poles, etc., and 84.8% were occupied by obstacles. The warning indicator was the greatest weight among the evaluated dimensions. The barrier of sidewalks was high (36.7%) and medium (20.0%) in the central area, which was higher than that in the sub-central area (both 6.3%) (P < 0.05). There were many obstacles during the experience of sidewalks using, resulting in less using of the barrier-free facilities. Conclusion:Most of the sidewalks in Shanghai do not meet the standards of the Codes for Accessibility Design. It is urgent to construct and maintain the barrier-free facilities.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887887

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of preheating in 41 ℃ water bath for 30 minutes to correct the red blood cell parameters in the specimens containing high-titer cold agglutinins(CAs). Methods Two specimens containing high-titer CAs were selected during work,and the parameters of complete blood count at room temperature or after preheating in 37 ℃ or 41 ℃ water bath were compared.The smears were stained,and the distribution of red blood cells was observed with a microscope.Further,74 specimens without CAs were collected for complete blood count,and then the test results at room temperature and after preheating at 41 ℃ were compared. Results At room temperature,the specimens containing high-titer CAs showed significantly reduced red blood cell count(RBC)and hematocrit(HCT),abnormally increased mean corpuscular hemoglobin(MCH)and mean cell hemoglobin concentration(MCHC),abnormal percents of hemoglobin(HGB)and RBC,and aggregation of a large number of red blood cells.After being preheated at 37 ℃ for a certain time,the specimens demonstrated obviously improved parameters while still aggregation of a small number of red blood cells.After being preheated at 41 ℃ for 30 minutes,the specimens showed significantly increased RBC,normal HCT,MCH,and MCHC,and evenly distributed red blood cells.The 74 specimens without CAs showed the comparability was ≥80% between room temperature and preheating at 41 ℃ for 30 minutes or 60 minutes. Conclusion We can preheat the specimens containing high-titer CAs in a water bath at 41 ℃ to obtain accurate red blood cell parameters.


Subject(s)
Cryoglobulins , Erythrocyte Count , Erythrocytes , Feasibility Studies , Hematocrit
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1610-1615, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887581

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND) are a series of severe complications in the perioperative and anesthetic periods with a decline in memory, execution ability, and information processing speed as the primary clinical manifestation. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of edaravone (EDA) on PND and peripheral blood C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 13 (CXCL13) levels in elderly patients with hip replacement.@*METHODS@#A total of 160 elderly patients undergoing hip arthroplasty in Affiliated Dongguan People's Hospital of Southern Medical University (from March 2016 to March 2018) were randomly and double-blindly categorized into an EDA group and a control group (CON). Group EDA was administered intravenously EDA 30 min before surgery, and group CON was administered intravenously saline. The cognitive function of the two groups was evaluated 1-day before the operation and at 1 and 12 months after surgery, and the incidence of post-operative delirium was tested on days 1, 3, and 7 after surgery using the Chinese version of the confusion assessment method. Serum CXCL13 and interleukin (IL)-6 concentrations were measured before anesthesia, during surgery (30 min after skin incision), and on days 1, 3, and 7 after surgery. The continuous variables in accordance with normal distribution were tested using the Student's t test, the continuous variables without normal distribution using the Mann-Whitney U test, and categorical variables by the χ2 test or Fisher exact test.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of post-operative delirium within 7 days after surgery was significantly higher in group CON than that in group EDA (31.3% vs. 15.0%, t = -5.6, P < 0.001). The modified telephone interview for cognitive status and activities of daily life scores were significantly higher in the group EDA than those in the group CON at 1 month (39.63 ± 4.35 vs. 33.63 ± 5.81, t = -2.13, P < 0.05 and 74.3 ± 12.6 vs. 61.2 ± 13.1, t = -1.69, P < 0.05) and 12 months (40.13 ± 5.93 vs. 34.13 ± 5.36, t = -3.37, P < 0.05 and 79.6 ± 11.7 vs. 65.6 ± 16.6, t = -2.08, P < 0.05) after surgery; and the incidence of neurocognitive dysfunction was significantly lower in the group EDA than that in the group CON (P < 0.05). Serum CXCL13 and IL-6 concentrations were significantly lower in the group EDA than those in the group CON during and after surgery (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EDA can significantly reduce the serum concentrations of CXCL13 and IL-6 and improve the PND of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Chemokines, CXC/drug effects , Delirium , Double-Blind Method , Edaravone , Humans , Ligands , Postoperative Complications
6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1448-1452, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881280

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To analyze and compare th e contents of 6 kinds of monosaccharide in Astragalus membranaceus from different growth years . METHODS :2-4 years old A. membranaceus from three areas were extracted with water extraction and alcohol precipitation ,Sevage deproteinization to obtain A. membranaceus polysaccharide. The samples were firstly hydrolyzed with trifluoroacetic acid (TFA)and then derivatized by 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone(PMP). HPLC analysis was adopted to determine the contents of 6 kinds of monosaccharide as mannose ,rhamnose,galacturonic acid ,glucose,galactose,arabinose. The determination was performed on Symmetry C 18 column with phosphate buffer solution (pH 6.8)-acetonitrile(84∶16,V/V)as mobile phase at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was 245 nm,and column temperature was 35 ℃. The sample size was 20 µL. RESULTS :The contents of mannose ,rhamnose,galacturonic acid ,glucose,galactose and arabinose were 0.50-0.94, 0.76-1.60,3.35-7.86,87.33-275.77,1.95-8.96,2.35-14.04 mg/g,respectively. Total contents of monosaccharide from 2,3,4 years old A. membranaceus were 98.26-139.92,173.81-295.71,122.37-182.41 mg/g,respectively. There was significant difference in the contents of glucose between 3 old years A. membranaceus and 2,4 old years A. membranaceus (162.71-275.77 mg/g vs. 87.33-107.70,111.54-167.26 mg/g,P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS :Above 6 monosaccharides are detected in 2,3,4 years old A. membranaceus,among which the content of glucose is the highest. The content of glucose in 3 years old A. membranaceus is higher than that in 2 and 4 years old A. membranaceus .

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878892

ABSTRACT

The rat osteoarthritis model was replicated by injection of sodium iodoacetate into the knee joint cavity, and the effects of Gancao Fuzi Decoction on rat osteoarthritis and the proteome of articular cartilage were investigated. Sixty SD rats weighing 230-250 g were randomly divided into normal group, model group, glucosamine sulfate group, and Gancao Fuzi Decoction high, medium and low dose groups. Osteoarthritis model was induced by intra-articular injection of sodium iodoacetate(3 mg on each leg) in all groups except the normal group. After modeling, each administration group was given intragastric administration for 1 month. During the administration period, joint pain test and joint width measurement were performed every week to observe the autonomous behavior of rats. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) method was used to detect the contents of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), matrix metalloproteinase-3(MMP-3), and matrix metalloproteinase tissue inhibitor(TIMP-1) in rat joint lavage fluid. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe bone and joint morphology. Nano-LC-LTQ-Orbitrap system was used to detect arti-cular cartilage proteins. The results showed that, compared with the model group, Gancao Fuzi Decoction could significantly improve joint pain and joint swelling in osteoarthritis rats, significantly reduce the contents of TNF-α, IL-1β and MMP-3 in the joint cavity la-vage fluid, increase the content of TIMP-1, and relieve inflammatory diseases such as enlarged joint space, rough cartilage edge, different thickness of cartilage layer, and disordered arrangement of chondrocytes. After comparing the proteins between the groups, 273 differential proteins were screened out. KEGG analysis found that the above differential proteins involved 43 signaling pathways such as systemic lupus erythematosus, among which 11 signaling pathways were related to osteoarthritis. The above results indicated that Gancao Fuzi Decoction had a preventive effect on osteoarthritis, and its mechanism of action may be accomplished by regulating the protein expression of osteoarthritis-related signal pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cartilage, Articular , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Osteoarthritis/drug therapy , Plant Extracts , Proteomics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878430

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to review the efficacy of curcumin in the treatment of oral submucous fibrosis systematically.@*METHODS@#We searched seven databases, including Web of Science, PubMed, EBSCO, The Cochrane Library, CNKI, WanFang Data, and VIP, to obtain randomized controlled trials related to the treatment of oral submucous fibrosis by curcumin. Each database was searched from inception to 30 June 2019. RevMan 5.3 software was used for the meta-analysis.@*RESULTS@#Six randomized controlled trials involving 350 patients were included in this study. Meta-analysis showed that curcumin can increase the maximal mouth opening and improve burning sensation compared with placebo treatment. Curcumin was not as effective as the controls in achieving maximal mouth opening after 1 month of treatment. However, no statistically significant difference was observed between the treatments from 2 months to 6 months. Curcumin significantly improved burning sensation compared with the controls after 3 months of treatment. No statistically significant diffe-rence in burning sensation was observed between the curcumin and control groups after 1, 2, and 6 months of treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The current evidence shows that curcumin is an effective treatment for improving maximal mouth opening and burning sensation in patients with oral submucous fibrosis. Given the limited number and low quality of the included studies, however, more high-quality studies are needed to verify these findings.


Subject(s)
Curcumin , Databases, Factual , Humans , Oral Submucous Fibrosis/drug therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905756

ABSTRACT

International Network from establishiment to January 11, 2020. The number, publication date, distribution of countries, journals, institutions, subject areas and methods for developing guidelines of included literatures were analyzed.Chinese and 67 in English. The top four countries that published rehabilitation guidelines were the United States (19 articles), China (17 articles), the United Kingdom (12 articles) and Canada (11 articles). The guidelines were developed mainly by the health professional societies and associations (49 articles). The main health conditions involved stroke (12 articles), cardiovascular disease (9 articles), shoulder joint injury (5 articles), pulmonarydisease (5 articles) and spinal cord injury (5 articles). There were 35 guidelines expressiong evidenceclassification and recommendation intensity (42%), and 22 guidelines (26%) would update regularly.rehabilitation. Most guidelines are based on literature review or expert opinions, while a few are evidence-based. It is proposed to implement standardized approaches to develop clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation. Objective:To analyze the development trends and issues of clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation. Methods:Clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation were retrieved from PubMed, EMBASE, China Biology Medicine disc, CNKI, Wangfang database, Medlive, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, National Guideline Clearinghouse, Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network, World Health Organization and Guidelines Results:A total of 84 clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation were included, in which there were 17 published in Conclusion:Clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation focuse on neurological and musculoskeletal system diseases and cardiopulmonary dysfunction. There are relatively few published clinical practice guidelines for

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866764

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the molecule mechanism of nuclear translocation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in influenza A (H1N1) virus infected-alveolar epithelial cells.Methods:Human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cells (A549 cells) were cultured in vitro, and cells in logarithmic growth phase were selected for experiments. ① Experiment 1: the A549 cell model with H1N1 virus infection was established by using H1N1 virus infected cells with multiplicity of infection (MOI) 1.0 for 24 hours (H1N1 virus infection group), and the blank control group was set up. Importin 4 and Importin 7 protein expressions were detected by Western Blot to investigate whether HIF-1α nuclear translocation depended on Importin 4 or Importin 7. ② Experiment 2: the A549 cells were infected with H1N1 virus under different MOI (0, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0) for 24 hours. Then the A549 cells were infected with H1N1 virus (MOI 1.0) for different time (0, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 36 hours). The septin 9 isoform 1 (SEPT9_i1) mRNA expression was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to investigate the effect of different MOI and infection time on the expression of SEPT9_i1. ③ Experiment 3: a cell model with SEPT9_i1 silencing was established by transfection of small interfering RNA (siRNA) for 24 hours (siRNA-SEPT9_i1 group), and the blank control group and blank vector control group (siControl group) were set up. Then the cells in the three groups were infected with H1N1 virus (MOI 1.0) for 24 hours after 24-hour transfection, and the SEPT9_i1 mRNA expression was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR to investigate the interference efficiency of siRNA-SEPT9_i1. ④ Experiment 4: the cells were divided into siControl group and siRNA-SEPT9_i1 group. The transfection methods of two groups was as the same as experiment 3, and then the cells were infected with H1N1 virus (MOI 1.0) after 24-hour transfection. The distribution of HIF-1α was detected by immunofluorescence at 24 hours after infection. The M gene expression of virus was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR at 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 hours after infection. The effects of SEPT9_i1 on HIF-1α translocation and virus replication were explored. ⑤ Experiment 5: the cells were divided into blank control group (complete medium), SP600125 group [100 μmol/L c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway inhibitor SP600125 for 2 hours], H1N1 virus infection group (H1N1 virus of MOI 1.0 for 24 hours), H1N1 virus+SP600125 group (pretreated with 100 μmol/L SP600125 for 2 hours before 24-hour H1N1 virus infection). Real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect the expressions of SEPT_i1 mRNA and viral M gene to investigate the effect of JNK signaling pathway on SEPT9_i1 expression and virus replication. Results:① Experiment 1: compared with the blank control group, the protein expressions of Importin 4 and Importin 7 in the H1N1 virus infection group had no significant changes [Importin 4 protein (Importin 4/GAPDH): 1.08±0.03 vs. 1.05±0.03, Importin 7 protein (Importin 7/GAPDH): 0.87±0.11 vs. 0.78±0.03, both P > 0.05]. These indicated that the HIF-1α nuclear translocation in A549 cells might not be independent of Importin 4 and Importin 7 during H1N1 virus infection. ② Experiment 2: the SEPT9_i1 mRNA expression in A549 cells was increased with the increase in MOI and infection time of H1N1 virus, and peaked at MOI 2.0 or 18 hours after infection, and the differences were statistically significant as compared with MOI 0 or 0 hour after infection (2 -ΔΔCT: 1.39±0.05 vs. 1.00±0.00 at MOI 2.0, 1.47±0.04 vs. 1.00±0.00 at 18 hours, both P < 0.01). This indicated that the SEPT9_i1 expression in A549 cells was related to the MOI and the infection time during H1N1 virus infection. ③ Experiment 3: compared with the blank control group, the SEPT9_i1 mRNA expression in A549 cells was significantly decreased in the siRNA-SEPT9_i1 group (2 -ΔΔCT: 0.38±0.11 vs. 1.00±0.00, P < 0.01), and there was no significant difference between the siControl group and blank control group (2 -ΔΔCT: 1.03±0.16 vs. 1.00±0.00, P > 0.05). This indicated that SEPT9_i1 silence could inhibit the expression of SEPT9_i1 mRNA in H1N1 virus-infected A549 cells. ④ Experiment 4: HIF-1α nuclear translocation in the H1N1 virus-infected A549 cells in the siRNA-SEPT9_i1 group was significantly reduced as compared with the siControl group. The virus M gene expression after H1N1 virus infection in the siControl group was gradually increased, and peaked at 48 hours. The expression of virus M gene in A549 cells in the siRNA-SEPT9_i1 group was significantly down-regulated, and showed a statistically significant difference at 48 hours as compared with the siControl group (2 -ΔΔCT: 3.47±0.66 vs. 8.17±0.38, P < 0.05). This indicated that HIF-1α nuclear translocation and virus replication in H1N1 virus-infected A549 cells were inhibited after silencing SEPT9_i1. ⑤ Experiment 5: the expressions of SEPT9_i1 mRNA and virus M gene in A549 cells in the H1N1 virus infection group were significantly higher than those in the blank control group. However, the expressions of SEPT9_i1 mRNA and viral M gene in A549 cells in the H1N1 virus+SP600125 group were significantly lower than those in the H1N1 virus infection group (2 -ΔΔCT: SEPT9_i1 mRNA was 0.12±0.10 vs. 1.53±0.14, viral M gene was 2.13±0.10 vs. 4.66±0.14, both P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in above indicators between the SP600125 group and the blank control group. This indicated that the JNK signaling pathway could regulate the expression of SEPT9_i1 in A549 cells during H1N1 virus infection, and the JNK signaling pathway inhibition could down-regulate the expression of SEPT9_i1 and inhibit virus replication. Conclusion:The H1N1 virus regulates the expression of SEPT9_i1 by activating the JNK signaling pathway, thus increase HIF-1α transport efficiency and H1N1 replication.

11.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 600-603, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856958

ABSTRACT

The intestinal flora is a kind of microorganisms colonized in the human gastrointestinal tract and is closely related to human health. A large number of studies have found that the intestinal flora is closely related to the bone health of the body. The mechanism of intestinal flora affecting osteoporosis may be through its own metabolites, affecting host metabolism, regulating intestinal barrier function and immune system, and affecting drug metabolism. The above-mentioned mechanisms affecting osteoporosis are discussed, and examples of targeting intestinal preparations for osteoporosis are listed, which provide new ways for the study of the mechanism of action of drugs, new solutions for solving osteoporosis caused by various causes, and new ideas for the research and development of new drugs.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827226

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effects of X-ray irradiation on primary rat cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) and its potential mechanism, as well as whether sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) has protective effect on CFs and its possible mechanism. Our data demonstrated that X-rays inhibited cell growth and increased oxidative stress in CFs, and STS mitigated X-ray-induced injury. Enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay showed that X-rays increased the levels of secreted angiotensin II (Ang II) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). STS inhibited the X-ray-induced increases in Ang II and BNP release. Apoptosis and cell cycle of CFs were analyzed using flow cytometry. X-rays induced apoptosis in CFs, whereas STS inhibited apoptosis in CFs after X-ray irradiation. X-rays induced S-phase cell cycle arrest in CFs, which could be reversed by STS. X-rays increased the expression of phosphorylated-P38/P38, cleaved caspase-3 and caspase-3 as well as decreased the expression of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK 1/2)/ERK 1/2 and B cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2)/Bcl-2 associated X protein (BAX) in CFs, as shown by Western blotting. STS mitigated the X-ray radiation-induced expression changes of these proteins. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that STS may potentially be developed as a medical countermeasure to mitigate radiation-induced cardiac damage.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872433

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacy difference between moxibustion at sensitized-acupoints and non-sensitized- acupoints using the same group of acupoints. Methods: A total of 139 patients with chronic superficial gastritis were divided into a sensitized acupoint group (102 cases) and a non-sensitized acupoint group (37 cases) based on whether acupoint sensitization occurred. The SPSS version 19.0 statistical software propensity score matching function was used to balance the baseline data between the groups. Finally, 29 pairs of matched patients were included, namely 29 cases in the sensitized acupoint group and 29 cases in the non-sensitized acupoint group. Both groups were treated with moxibustion therapy. The treatment lasted for 30 min per time, and was performed every other day for 8 weeks. Changes in the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) symptom score and the short-form 36-item health survey (SF-36) score in both groups were observed before and after treatment, as well as the clinical efficacy. Results: The covariates of age, course of disease, TCM symptom score and SF-36 score in the two groups were balanced after matching (all P>0.05). After treatment, the total effective rate was 100.0% in the sensitized acupoint group and 79.3% in the non-sensitized acupoint group. The difference in the total effective rate between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.01). After treatment and at the 4-week follow-up, the TCM symptom scores in the sensitized acupoint group were significantly lower than those in the non-sensitized acupoint group (all P<0.01); the SF-36 scores in the sensitized acupoint group were significantly higher than those in the non-sensitized acupoint group (all P<0.01). Conclusion: With the same group of acupoints, the sensitized acupoints have a better therapeutic effect and long-term efficacy than the non-sensitized acupoints in the treatment of chronic superficial gastritis.

14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1991-1997, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880004

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of decitabine combined with low-dose CEG regimen (DCEG) and decitabine combined with low-dose CAG regimen (DCAG) in the treatment of elderly patients with MDS and MDS-transformed acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#A prospective study was conducted in 7 medical centers, 45 patients with MDS (≥ 60 years old) and MDS-transformed AML from October 2016 to January 2019 were enrolled, with the median age of 68.5 years old. The risk stratification of patients was poor or very poor, according to IPSS-R score. The treament results of decitabine combined with CEG and decitabine combined with CAG were compared.@*RESULTS@#The comparison of the two regiem showed that the DCEG regimen had advantages on total effective rate (ORR, 86.4% vs 47.8%, respectively), overall survival time (OS) (10.0 months vs 6.0 months, respectively) and progression-free survival time (PFS) (9.0 months vs 3.0 months, respectively). About 50% of MDS patients treated by DCEG regimen achieved PR or CR, with a median OS of 31 months. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with PR or CR after induction therapy and DCEG regimen had longer survival time (31months). The incidence of bone marrow suppression, infection and treatment-related mortality rate were similar between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Decitabine combined with CEG regimen could improve the survival of patients with high-risk MDS and MDS-transformed AML. The conclusion of the reaserch needs to be validated by a larger prospective randomized clinical trial.


Subject(s)
Aclarubicin , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Azacitidine/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Decitabine/therapeutic use , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/drug therapy , Patients , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
15.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 464-468, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760945

ABSTRACT

To examine the feasibility of low-charge electrotherapy (LCE) in treating geriatric major depressive disorder (MDD) patients. Bi-temporal LCEs (approximately 25 mC) were performed with an electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) instrument three times per week. We used the Hamilton Depression Scale 17 (HAMD-17) and the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) to assess the effects of LCE and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) to evaluate the cognitive function change before and after LCE. Six visits occurred at the baseline, after LCE sessions 3, 6, and 9, after the last session, and at the end of the one-month follow-up period. Four patients were enrolled in the study. Two patients completed all LCE sessions. Two patients withdrew during the trial, one due to the adverse event of uroschesis potentially caused by atropine and the other due to her own will. All four patients completed the follow-up sessions. The HAMD-17 and HAMA scores were reduced significantly at the last LCE session and the end of the follow-up period compared with the scores at the baseline. As measured by the MMSE, cognitive impairment showed no significant changes at the last LCE session and the end of the follow-up period compared with that at the baseline. In this case series, LCE showed potential as an alternative current-based treatment for treating geriatric MDD patients. Further research is needed to assess the efficiency and safety of LCE.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Atropine , Cognition , Cognition Disorders , Depression , Depressive Disorder, Major , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Electroconvulsive Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801929

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect and mechanism of Erxian decoction on peri-menopausal cardiac electrophysiology in rats. Method: Female sprague-dawley rats were randomly divided into six groups:sham operation group, model group, estradiol valerate group, and low, medium and high-dose Erxian decoction groups. Except the sham operation group, the rats in the other groups were completely removed from the ovarian replication peri-menopausal rat model. At the same time, estradiol valerate group (8×10-4 g·kg -1·d-1), low-dose Erxian decoction group (4 g·kg-1·d-1), middle-dose Erxian decoction group (8 g·kg-1·d-1) and high-dose Erxian decoction group (12 g·kg-1·d-1), sham operation group and model group were given the same amount of normal saline. The administration was given once a day for 80 consecutive days. The electrocardiogram of rats was recorded by biosignal detector connected to lead Ⅱ electrode. The content of estradiol (E2) in rat serum was detected by enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA). The pathological changes of rat uterus were observed by hematoxylin-eosin. The expression of the estrogen alpha receptor (ERα) protein was detected by Western blot method in myocardial tissue of rat. Result: Compared with the sham operation group, the amplitudes of P wave, R wave and T wave in the electrocardiogram of the model group were significantly decreased (P2 level was significantly lower (Pα receptor protein in myocardial tissue was significantly decreased (P2 level (Pα receptor protein (PConclusion: Erxian decoction can improve cardiac electrophysiological changes in peri-menopausal rats, and its mechanism may be related to the increase of estrogen activity and estrogen receptor expression in rats.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745882

ABSTRACT

Objective To survey the current status of professional value among health workers in grass-roots medical institutions of Wenzhou city and to analyze the influencing factors.Methods A survey on professional value was conducted from October to December 2017 among health workers from 14 primary medical institutions in 4 urban districts of Wenzhou City selected by stratified random sampling method.The self-designed questionnaires were used for the survey.A total of 350 questionnaires were distributed and 331 were returned,of which 302 were valid.The status and influencing factors of professional value were analyzed.Results The overall score of professional value was (96.66 ± 14.94).The univariate analysis showed that the professional value scores were associated with educational level (F=3.851),income(F=2.660),professional title(F=8.030),position(F=11.658) and specialty (F=4.667) of the health workers(all P<0.05).The multivariate analysis showed that the gender(male:OR=0.53,95% CI:-1.077--0.192,P=0.005),educational level (high school and below:OR=3.06,95% CI:0.007-2.233,P=0.049),income (2 000-4 000 Yuan:OR=0.07,95% CI:-4.783-0.627,P=0.011),professional title (no title:OR=0.27,95%CI:-2.397--0.232,P=0.017;Junior title:OR=0.31,95%CI:-2.197--0.153),P--0.024;intermediate title:OR=0.23,95% CI:-2.533--0.366,P--0.009),position (doctor:OR=0.13,95% CI:-3.235--0.815,P=0.001;nurse:OR=0.20,95% CI:-2.883--0.368,P=0.011;technician:OR=0.15,95% CI:-3.076--0.723,P=0.002)were influencing factors of professional value(all P<0.05).Conclusion The professional values among health workers in Wenzhou grass-roots medical institutions are relatively low.The male gender,low educational level,low income,low professional title or no title and positions are influencing factors of professional value.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756704

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of balance-impact tuina therapy for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LIDH).Methods:A total of 118 eligible LIDH patients were randomized into an observation group and a control group by the random number table method,with 59 cases in each group.The observation group was intervened by balance-impact tuina therapy,while the control group was intervened by conventional tuina therapy,both for consecutive two weeks.The scores of visual analog scale (VAS),Oswestry disability index (ODI),quality of life questionnaire-core 30 (QOL-C30) were observed before and after treatment;the relapse rate was estimated at the sixth month and twelfth month following the treatment.The data were statistically analyzed.Results:After intervention,the total effective rate was 96.6% in the observation group versus 91.5% in the control group,and the between-group difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).The VAS and ODI scores declined significantly after treatment in both groups (all P<0.05),and the observation group was markedly lower than the control group (P<0.05,P<0.01).The QOL-C30 score increased significantly after treatment in both groups (both P<0.05),and the observation group was markedly higher than the control group (P<0.05).The relapse rates at the post-treatment sixth month and twelfth month in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05,P<0.01).Conclusion:Compared with the conventional tuina therapy,the balance-impact tuina therapy shows advantage in lessening pain,improving the function and enhancing the quality of life in the treatment of LIDH,and it has a lower relapse rate.Thus,this therapy is worth promoting in clinic.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751996

ABSTRACT

Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is a benign or malignant tumor syndrome which involves multiple systems and organs.Recently,a patient was diagnosed and hospitalized with an initial clinical symptom of pancreatic multiple cystic space-occupying.Multidisciplinary examination and consultation confirmed that there were hemangioblastomas in cerebella,spinal cord and retina,but with no clinical symptoms;therefore,it was diagnosed as VHL disease.According to previous case reports,only a few single cases revealed lesions in so many parts of the central nervous system with typical imaging manifestations.We present an overview and aim to improve the diagnosis of VHL disease with the initial clinical symptom of pancreatic lesions.

20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1028-1032, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791621

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the feasibility and clinical curative effect of anatomical reduction and fixation of lesser trochanter through posterior-lateral approach for the treatment of comminuted femoral intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients.Methods A total of 19 cases with comminuted femoral intertrochanteric fracture,aged 60 to 84 years were enrolled in this study.According to Evans-Jensen classification,13 cases had type Ⅱ B and 6 cases had type Ⅲ femoral fracture.Through the posterior-lateral approach,the lesser trochanter was fully exposed,reduced and fixed by screw.The proximal and distal femur were well fixed with dynamic hip screw(DHS)or proximal femoral locking plate(PFLP).The lesser trochanter reduction was observed by intraoperative vision and postoperative X-ray.The function evaluation after hip surgery was performed by using Sanders hip function score.Results All 19 patients obtained the anatomic reattachment in the lesser trochanter.All patients were followed up for an average of 18 months.After treatment,the Sanders hip function score were excellent in 7 patients (36.8 %),fine in 12 cases (63.2 %).And curative efficacy was good in all cases(100%).There was no significant difference in the curative effect between patients with different classification and gender.Conclusions Through the posterior-lateral approach,the surrounding structures of the lesser trochanter can be fully exposed,and the lesser trochanter can be anatomically repositioned.The posterior-lateral approach to anatomical reduction and fixation of lesser trochanter is an effective and feasible method for the treatment of comminuted intertrochanteric fracture in the elderly.

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