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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 263-267, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920764

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the correlation between frailty and lifestyle factors among middle-aged and elderly populations, so as to provide insights into the management of frailty among middle-aged and elderly populations.@*Methods @#Middle-aged and elderly residents at ages of 45 ot 69 years were recruited using the convenient sampling method from seven townships in Changxing County of Zhejiang Province from 2019 to 2020. The demographic characteristics and lifestyle factors were collected using questionnaires, and the frailty was measured using the Chinese version of Tilburg Frailty Indicator ( TFI ). Factors affecting frailty were identified among middle-aged and elderly populations using the multivariable logistic regression model.@*Results@#A total of 7 170 residents were surveyed, including 2 780 males ( 38.77% ) and 4 390 females ( 61.23% ), which had a median age of 56 (interquartile range, 10) years. The median frailty score was 2 (interquartile range, 3 ) among the study subjects, and the median frailty score was 2 ( interquartile range, 2 ) among residents at ages of 45 to 59 years, and 2 (interquartile range, 3) among residents at ages of 60 to 69 years. The overall detection of frailty was 16.07%, and the detection of frailty was 13.52% among subjects at ages of 45 to 59 years and 21.01% among subjects at ages of 60 to 69 years. Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified physical activity ( OR=0.826, 95%CI: 0.719-0.949 ) and sleep quality ( OR: 3.376-11.493, 95%CI: 2.907-15.808 ) as factors affecting frailty among middle-aged and elderly residents. Following age stratification, physical activity ( OR=0.817, 95%CI: 0.681-0.981 ) and sleep quality ( OR: 3.076-11.566, 95%CI: 2.518-18.216 ) as factors affecting frailty among subjects at ages of 45 to 59 years, while sleep quality ( OR: 3.777-11.827, 95%CI: 3.002-18.547 ) significantly correlated with frailty among residents at ages of 60 to 69 years.@*Conclusion@#Physical activity and sleep quality are associated with the risk of frailty among middle-aged and elderly populations.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929246

ABSTRACT

Three new ursane-type triterpenoids, 3-oxours-12-en-20, 28-olide (1), 3β-hydroxyurs-12-en-20, 28-olide (2) and 3β-hydroxyurs-11, 13(18)-dien-20, 28-olide (3), were isolated from a potent anti-inflammatory and antibacterial fraction of the ethanolic extract of Rosmarinus officinalis. Their structures were elucidated by a combination of extensive 1D- and 2D-NMR experiments, MS data and comparisons with literature reports. Compounds 1-3 exhibited significantly inhibitory effects on nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-activated mouse RAW264.7 macrophages, but no antibacterial activity was found at a concentration of 128 μg·mL-1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Mice , Molecular Structure , Rosmarinus , Triterpenes/chemistry
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929055

ABSTRACT

Due to the virtues of no stutter peaks, low rates of mutation, and short amplicon sizes, insertion/deletion (InDel) polymorphism is an indispensable tool for analyzing degraded DNA samples from crime scenes for human identifications (Wang et al., 2021). Herein, a self-developed panel of 43 InDel loci constructed previously by our group was utilized to evaluate the genetic diversities and explore the genetic background of the Han Chinese from Beijing (HCB) including 301 random healthy individuals. The lengths of amplicons at 43 InDel loci in this panel ranged from 87 to 199 bp, which indicated that the panel could be used as an effective tool to utilize highly degraded DNA samples for human identity testing. The loci in this panel were validated and performed well for forensic degraded DNA samples (Jin et al., 2021). The combined discrimination power (PD) and combined probability of exclusion (PE) values in this panel indicated that the 43 InDel loci could be used as the candidate markers in personal identification and parentage testing of HCB. In addition, population genetic relationships between the HCB and 26 reference populations from five continents based on 19 overlapped InDel loci were displayed by constructing a phylogenetic tree, principal component analysis (PCA), and population genetic structure analysis. The results illustrated that the HCB had closer genetic relationships with the Han populations from Chinese different regions.


Subject(s)
Beijing , China , Forensic Genetics/methods , Gene Frequency , Genetics, Population , Humans , INDEL Mutation , Phylogeny
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924175

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo determine the risk factors associated with hypoglycemia in community patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM). MethodsA case-control study was performed among 914 patients with T2DM and no medical history of hypoglycemia were selected in the Diabetes Unit of Tongji University School of Medicine Affiliated Anting Community Health Center in 2018. A total of 196 patients with T2DM who had ≥1 hypoglycemia event in the past 12 months were presented as the case group, and 718 patients who did not have any hypoglycemia event during the same period were included as the control group. Medical history, medication, life style, and related factors were collected. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors associated with hypoglycemia. ResultsHistory of coronary heart disease [adjusted odds ratio(aOR)=2.077, 95% CI: 1.293-3.337], renal disease (aOR=4.775, 95% CI: 1.537-14.830), and previous insulin use (aOR =1.765, 95%CI: 1.147-2.716) significantly increased the risk of hypoglycemia, while angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors(ACEI)(aOR =0.127, 95%CI: 0.044-0.366) and β-receptor blockers (aOR =0.271, 95%CI: 0.119-0.616) decreased the risk of hypoglycemia among diabetic patients. ConclusionIncidence of hypoglycemia in community patients with diabetes is high. History of coronary heart disease and kidney disease, and previous insulin use may increase the risk of hypoglycemia, which warrants further attention by community general practitioners.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907133

ABSTRACT

With the advent of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), the life expectancy of HIV-infected individuals is increasing. As the result, more HIV-infected individuals are facing several chronic diseases including cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Hypertension is one of the most important traditional CVD risk factors in HIV-infected individuals. It is of importance to make effective prevention and treatment of hypertension to decrease the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease. In this paper, a literature retrieval was conducted by using PubMed, CNKI, WANFANG and VIP databases for studies on the influence factors and prevalence of hypertension in HIV-infected individuals from 2009 to October 2020. Finally, 57 articles were included. This review aims to provide evidence for further research on the influence factors and prevalence of hypertension in HIV-infected individuals.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907110

ABSTRACT

With the advent of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), the life expectancy of HIV-infected individuals is increasing. As the result, more HIV-infected individuals are facing several chronic diseases including cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Hypertension is one of the most important traditional CVD risk factors in HIV-infected individuals. It is of importance to make effective prevention and treatment of hypertension to decrease the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease. In this paper, a literature retrieval was conducted by using PubMed, CNKI, WANFANG and VIP databases for studies on the influence factors and prevalence of hypertension in HIV-infected individuals from 2009 to October 2020. Finally, 57 articles were included. This review aims to provide evidence for further research on the influence factors and prevalence of hypertension in HIV-infected individuals.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1056-1064, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888518

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the cytotoxic effect and its mechanism of the micromolecule compound on the leukemia cells.@*METHODS@#The cytotoxic effects of 28 Nilotinib derivatives on K562, KA, KG, HA and 32D cell lines were detected by MTT assays, and the compound Nilo 22 was screen out. Cell apoptosis and cell cycle on leukemia cells were detected by flow cytometry. The effect of compound screened out on leukemogenesis potential of MLL-AF9 leukemia mice GFP@*RESULTS@#Nilo 22 serves as the most outstanding candidate out of 28 Nilotinib derivatives, which impairs leukemia cell lines, but spares normal hematopoietic cell line. Comparing with Nilotinib, Nilo 22 could induce the apoptosis of GFP@*CONCLUSION@#Nilo 22 shows a significant cytotoxic effect on mice and human leukemia cells, especially for drug resistance cells. Nilo 22 is a promising anti-leukemia agent to solve the common clinical problems of drug resistance and relapse of leukemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Cycle/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Leukemia , Mice , Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein/genetics , Telomerase/metabolism , Telomere/metabolism
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921319

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To find the different electrophoretic profiles of prion protein in carcinous and individual pericarcinous tissues in lysates of gastric, colon, liver, lung, thyroid, and laryngeal cancers.@*Methods@#Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western blot were used to test the amounts and electrophoretic patterns of total PrP and the tolerance of PK (protease K) digestion among six various cancer tissue types.@*Results@#A mass of PrP signals with a large molecular weight were identified in the homogenates of peripheral tissues. The amounts and electrophoretic patterns of total PrP did not differ significantly between carcinous and pericarcinous tissues. PrPs in all types of the tested cancer samples were PK sensitive but showed diversity in the tolerance of PK digestion among various tissue types.@*Conclusions@#The study revealed that the included electrophoretic patterns of carcinous and pericarcinous tissues were almost similar. Unlike PrP-specific immunohistochemical assay, evaluation of PrP electrophoretic patterns in the peripheral organs and tissues by Western blot does not reflect tumor malignancy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Brain , Brain Chemistry , Cricetinae , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Humans , Neoplasms/chemistry , Prion Proteins/analysis
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2597-2602, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921209

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data can be fused to identify the tumor boundaries. This enables surgeons to set close but tumor-free surgical margins and excise the tumor more precisely. This study aimed to report our experience in performing computer navigation-aided joint-preserving resection and custom-made endoprosthesis reconstruction to treat bone sarcoma in the diaphysis and metaphysis of the femur and tibia.@*METHODS@#Between September 2008 and December 2015, 24 patients with bone sarcomas underwent surgical resection and joint-sparing reconstruction under image-guided computer navigation. The cohort comprised 16 males and eight females with a median age of 19.5 years (range: 12-48 years). The tumor location was the femoral diaphysis in three patients, distal femur in 19, and proximal tibia in two. The tumors were osteosarcoma (n = 15), chondrosarcoma (n = 3), Ewing sarcoma (n = 3), and other sarcomas (n = 3). We created a pre-operative plan for each patient using navigation system software and performed navigation-aided resection before reconstructing the defect with a custom-made prosthesis with extracortical plate fixation.@*RESULTS@#Pathological examination verified that all resected specimens had appropriate surgical margins. The median distance from the tumor resection margin to the joint was 30 mm (range: 13-80 mm). The median follow-up duration was 62.5 months (range: 24-134 months). Of the 24 patients, 21 remain disease free, one is alive with disease, and two died of the disease. One patient developed local recurrence. Complications requiring additional surgical procedures occurred in six patients, including one with wound hematoma, one with delayed wound healing, one with superficial infection, one with deep infection, and two with mechanical failure of the prosthesis. The mean Musculoskeletal Tumor Society score at the final follow-up was 91% (range: 80%-100%). The 5- and 10-year implant survival rates were 91.3% and 79.9%, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Computer navigation-aided joint-preserving resection and custom-made endoprosthesis reconstruction with extracortical plate fixation is a reliable surgical treatment option for bone sarcoma in the diaphysis and metaphysis of the femur and tibia.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Computers , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Osteosarcoma , Prostheses and Implants , Sarcoma , Young Adult
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1273-1275, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921044

ABSTRACT

The elements of ethical review related to clinical research of acupuncture and moxibustion is discussed to provide ideas for various institutions to carry out relevant ethical review. It is believed that the ethical review of clinical research of acupuncture and moxibustion needs to focus on the specificity of acupuncture and moxibustion. Starting from the basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine, the theory of meridians and acupoints and the theory of syndrome differentiation along meridians, the key contents of ethical review such as intervention methods, grouping design and placebo control should be considered, so as to standardize the clinical research of acupuncture and moxibustion and protect the health and rights and interests of participants.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Biomedical Research , Ethical Review , Humans , Meridians , Moxibustion
11.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 268-278, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915008

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#While several prognostic models for the stratification of death risk have been developed for patients with advanced gastric cancer receiving first-line chemotherapy, they have seldom been tested in the Chinese population. This study investigated the performance of these models and identified the optimal tools for Chinese patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Patients diagnosed with metastatic or recurrent gastric adenocarcinoma who received first-line chemotherapy were eligible for inclusion in the validation cohort. Their clinical data and survival outcomes were retrieved and documented. Time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and calibration curves were used to evaluate the predictive ability of the models. Kaplan-Meier curves were plotted for patients in different risk groups divided by 7 published stratification tools. Log-rank tests with pairwise comparisons were used to compare survival differences. @*Results@#The analysis included a total of 346 patients with metastatic or recurrent disease.The median overall survival time was 11.9 months. The patients were different into different risk groups according to the prognostic stratification models, which showed variability in distinguishing mortality risk in these patients. The model proposed by Kim et al. showed relative higher predicting abilities compared to the other models, with the highest χ 2 (25.8) value in log-rank tests across subgroups, and areas under the curve values at 6, 12, and 24 months of 0.65 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.59–0.72), 0.60 (0.54–0.65), and 0.63 (0.56–0.69), respectively. @*Conclusions@#Among existing prognostic tools, the models constructed by Kim et al., which incorporated performance status score, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, alkaline phosphatase, albumin, and tumor differentiation, were more effective in stratifying Chinese patients with gastric cancer receiving first-line chemotherapy.

12.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 565-571, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912925

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of diallyl trisulfide (DATS) on the expression of folate receptor α (FRα) in human gastric cancer cells and the related regulatory mechanism.Methods:Human gastric cancer cell lines BGC823 and AGS were selected, BGC823 cells were treated with 10, 20, 40, 80 μmol/L DATS for 48 hours, and AGS cells were treated with 5, 10, 20, 40 μmol/L DATS for 48 hours. Cells treated with 6 μmol/L histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) were used as positive control for epigenetic study, and cells untreated with DATS were used as negative control. The apoptosis of gastric cancer cells induced by DATS was detected by flow cytometry. After BGC823 and AGS cells were treated by DATS for 48 hours, they were replaced with DATS-free cell culture medium and cultured for different time to detect the changes in FRα protein expression. BGC823 and AGS cells were treated with 6 μmol/L TSA or 40 μmol/L DATS. The protein expression levels of FRα, HDAC1 and HDAC2, and histone H3 lysine 9 acetylation (H3K9ac) and histone H4 lysine 5 acetylation (H4K5ac) were detected by Western blot. BGC823 cells were inoculated into BALB/c nude mice to establish tumor bearing model. The nude mice in DATS group were injected intraperitoneally with 10 mg/kg DATS for 16 days, and then the protein in tumor-bearing tissues was extracted to detect the expression of target protein, while the control group was injected with equal dose of 0.9% NaCl solution.Results:The expressions of FRα protein in BGC823 and AGS cells were up-regulated in a dose-dependent way after gradient concentrations of DATS treatment ( F = 65.68, P < 0.01; F = 26.65, P < 0.01). After changing the cell culture medium without DATS, the expressions of FRα protein in BGC823 and AGS cells gradually decreased and returned to the initial levels ( F = 74.57, P < 0.01; F = 30.92, P < 0.01). With the increase of DATS concentration, the apoptosis rates of BGC823 and AGS cells increased ( F = 32.95, P < 0.01; F = 38.97, P < 0.01). After TSA treatment, FRα protein expressions in BGC823 and AGS cells were up-regulated by 4.5 times ( t = -12.62, P < 0.01) and 3.6 times ( t = -10.00, P < 0.01). After 40 μmol/L and 20 μmol/L DATS treatment, the expression level of FRα protein in BGC823 and AGS cells was up-regulated (both P < 0.01), the expressions of HDAC1 and HDAC2 were inhibited (all P < 0.01), and the levels of H3K9ac and H4K5ac acetylation modification increased (all P < 0.01). The results of tumor-bearing nude mice experiment showed that the volume of transplanted tumor in DATS group was smaller than that in the control group [(214±39) mm 3 vs. (577±98) mm 3], and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 4.86, P < 0.01). Compared with the control group, FRα protein expression in the transplanted tumor tissues of DATS group was up-regulated about 2 times ( t = -5.29, P < 0.01), and the expression levels of HDAC1 and HDAC2 proteins were down-regulated ( t = 9.36, P < 0.01; t = 9.88, P < 0.01). Conclusions:DATS up-regulates the expression of FRα protein in human gastric cancer BGC823 and AGS cells in a dose-dependent and reversible manner. The mechanism may be related to the effect of DATS on histone acetylation modification in tumor cells.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912821

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the variation of hospitalization expenses and its influencing factors under the same main diagnostic disease(children′s unilateral inguinal hernia), and group them based on regression tree model, so as to provide reference for diagnosis-related groups(DRG) grouping of the disease.Methods:The data of the first page of medical records with unilateral inguinal hernia(ICD-10 coding K40.3 and K40.9)as the main diagnosis discharged from a children′s special hospital from 2016 to 2018 were extracted. With hospitalization expenses as the outcome variable and gender, age, operation type, length of hospital stay and complications as the predictive variables, a regression tree model was constructed to classify the children into subgroups.Results:The regression tree model showed that the variables that had a significant impact on the total hospitalization costs were the length of hospital stay, operation type and complications. Age and gender had no significant impact on the hospitalization expenses. According to these three significant variables, the children were divided into five subgroups and the median hospitalization expenses were 1 190.8, 6 387.2, 7 037.7, 11 413.7, and 18 499.1, respectively. Except that the coefficient of variation of hospitalization expenses in group 1 was greater than 1, the coefficient of variation of the other four groups were≤0.5.Conclusions:Children with unilateral inguinal hernia can be divided into groups according to the length of hospital stay, operation type and complications, and the grouping results are relatively reasonable.

14.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 760-764, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912228

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the difference and clinical significance of reflux related parameters between patients with reflux asthma (RA) and typical gastroesophageal reflux disease (TGERD).Methods:From June 2017 to June 2020, at PLA Rocket Force Characteristic Medical Center, the clinical data of 120 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) who underwent gastroscopy, high-resolution esophageal manometry (HREM) and 24 h pH-impedance monitoring contemporaneously were retrospectively analyzed. The GERD patients were divided into RA group and TGERD group according to the symptom correlated indexes, 60 cases in each group. The reflux related indexes of two groups were compared, which included reflux esophagitis (RE) score, esophageal hiatal hernia, Hill grade score of gastroesophageal flap valve, upper esophageal sphincter (UES) pressure, DeMeester score, and reflux episodes. Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Results:There were no significant differences in RE score and Hill grade score between TGERD group and RA group (0.0, 0.0 to 1.0 vs. 0.0, 0.0 to 1.8; 3.0, 2.0 to 3.0 vs. 3.0, 2.0 to 3.0) (both P>0.05). The detection rate of UES pressure less than 34 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) of RA group was higher than that of TGERD group (41.7%, 25/60 vs. 23.3%, 14/60), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.596, P=0.032). The UES pressure of RA group was lower than that of TGERD group (51.7 mmHg, 23.6 mmHg to 70.1 mmHg vs. 62.0 mmHg, 37.4 mmHg to 77.4 mmHg), and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-2.105, P=0.035). There were no significant differences in other parameters of HREM between TGERD group and RA group (all P>0.05). The detection rates of DeMeester score more than 14.7, acid exposure time more than 4.5% and total reflux episodes more than 73 episodes of RA group were all higher than those of TGERD group (41.7%, 25/60 vs. 23.3%, 14/60; 40.0%, 24/60 vs. 21.7%, 13/60; 38.3%, 23/60 vs. 20.0%, 12/60, respectively), and the differences were all statistically significant ( χ2=5.546, 4.728 and 4.881, all P<0.05). The total reflux episodes and weak acid gas reflux episodes of RA group were both higher than those of TGERD group (60 episodes, 43 episodes to 98 episodes vs. 52 episodes, 34 episodes to 69 episodes; 12 episodes, 6 episodes to 21 episodes vs. 9 episodes, 3 episodes to 14 episodes), and the differences were statistically significant ( Z=-2.323 and -2.053, both P<0.05). There were no significant differences in other parameters of 24 h pH-impedance monitoring between TGERD group and RA group (all P>0.05). Conclusion:Low UES pressure, abnormal esophageal acid exposure and increased reflux episodes, especially weak acid gas reflux episodes, may be more likely to induce RA.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910423

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the peak skin dose (PSD) to patients from neuro-interventional procedures and evaluate the risk of the deterministic effect.Methods:Gafchromic XR RV3 films were used in a level A tertiary hospital in Beijing to measure the patients′ PSD from neuro-interventional procedures, mainly three common types of procedures, including vascular embolization, vascular angioplasty and vascular angiography. The films were scanned by Epson Expression 10000XL, read by ImageJ software, and analyzed by Film QA Pro?2014 software.Results:PSD was measured in 23 embolizations, 14 stentings and 12 arteriography. There were 20 patients whose PSD were equal or greater than 2 Gy, including 15 in vascular embolization and 5 in angioplasty. The PSDs to patients in cerebral arteriography were all below 2 Gy. The PSDs to some of the patients were higher than the threshold for deterministic effect recommended by ICRP Publication 118.Conclusions:There is a risk of deterministic effect in neurointerventional procedures. It is suggested that the patients be followed up to observe their radiation injury as well as to know in time the subsequent diagnosis and treatment.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910392

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine and optimize the radiation quality of the calibration system for mammography dosimeters in IAEA/WHO Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratory and to study the requirements for accuracy of thickness of the aluminum sheets used in the measurement, with a view to ensure the accuracy of the radiation quality.Methods:For the measurements of tube voltage and RQR-M radiation quality, a standard kV meter was used to determine the actual tube voltage value of the system under continuous exposure for 30 s by setting tube voltage of 25, 28, 30 and 35 kV, respectively, and aluminum sheet method was used to determine the first half value layer (HVL 1). The kV values were adjusted to make the reading of the standard kV meter as close as possible to its nominal value, so as to obtain the set kV value, actual tube voltage and HVL 1 per 1 kV within the nominal 25-35 kV range. For effects of different thickness of aluminum sheets on the result of HVL 1 measurement, a comparison was made between HVL 1 measured by aluminum sheet with thickness of 0.318 mm and 0.369 mm and HVL 1 measured under 18 different groups of aluminum sheet using a selected 30 kV tube voltage. Results:After the set kV values were adjusted, the actual tube voltage deviations from the nominal values under 25, 28, 30 and 35 kV were reduced from 0.55, 0.34, 0.33, 0.30 to 0.04, 0.02, -0.04, -0.01, and the HVL 1 deviations were reduced from 0.011, 0.007, 0.010, 0.012 to 0.000, 0.003, 0.003, 0.010, respectively. When the thickness differences between the two types of aluminum sheet and the reference HVL 1 were both within 0.1 mm, the deviations of the measured HVL 1 were all less than 0.01 mm Al, and the result was relatively accurate. However, when the differences exceeded that of 0.1 mm, most of the deviations of the measured HVL 1 were between 0.01 and 0.02 mm Al, and the measured result was not accurate. Conclusions:Although the RQR-M radiation quality of the calibration system was deviated, it is still within the range specified under the IEC 61267-2005. The radiation quality was closer to the standard values after fine-tuning the system tube voltage. In order to measure the HVL 1 more accurately, the thickness differences between the used aluminum sheet and nominal HVL 1 should not be greater than 0.1 mm Al.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910337

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the distribution of radiodiagnosis resources in China and provide data support for further optimizing the allocation of radiodiagnosis resources and improving the weaknesses in radiation protection.Methods:The survey was carried out in accordance with the unified plan and using questionnaires of the national medical radiation protection monitoring program issued from 2017 to 2019. The survey included all medical institutions performing radiodiagnosis in China. The survey indicators included distribution of medical institutions performing radiodiagnosis, number of equipment, number of radiation workers and other information, the allocation of radiation protection equipment and the frequency of radiodiagnosis. The survey was performed using questionnaire survey and reported through the national medical radiation protection monitoring information system. In terms of the organization code, the name of the organizations excludes those repeatedly reported. The original data was exported in the form of excel table from the database for the purpose of statistical analysis.Results:By the end of 2019, except Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan regions and military systems, there were 68 924 diagnostic radiology medical institutions in China, 147 913 diagnostic radiology equipment, accounting for 91.7% of the total pieces of nationwide diagnostic radioprotective equipment. There are 367 201 radiologists in China, accounting for 76.1% of 406 830 radiologists in all medical institutions, with high allocation rate of radiation protection equipment. However, the allocation rate in first-class hospitals was the lowest among all levels of hospitals. The piece of protection equipment was increased with the grade of hospital. From perspective of of economic development level, the highest was found in the eastern region, with the lowest in the central and northeast region, both of which are about 90%.Conclusions:The current status of radiodiagnosis and protection was ascertained basically through this three-year round of survey, with a large number of survey data accumulated. This survey provides data support for the development of relevant protection policies and standards at national and provincial levels. Survey data indicated that there are still nearly 1 000 direct fluorescent screen fluoroscopy machines in use in China. Relevant policies and standards should be established to gradually phase out the equipment with serious radiation hazards.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910330

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate epithelial-mesenchymal transition and to explore the effects of mitochondrial dysfunction and increased expression of TGF-β1 pathway on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in pancreatic adenocarcinoma after X-ray irradiation.Methods:Split-dose irradiations of total 40 Gy (2 Gy × 20 and 4 Gy × 10) of 6 MV X-rays were performed on PATU1 988 t cells. The migration of the cells were examined through transwell filter chambers. Real-time PCR was adopted to detect the expression of EMT-related factors E-cadherin, Vimentin, N-cadherin, and MMPs (MMP2 and MMP9), critical subunits of mitochondrial complex I, and TGF-β1. The expression of EMT-related factors and content of TGF-β1 was detected after carbonylcyanide-m-chlorophenylhydrazone(CCCP) treatment. Meanwhile, the migration potential of pancreatic cells was detected after small interfering RNA (siRNA) knockdown of the expression of TGF-β1.Results:After irradiation, the migration capacities of the cancer cells increased ( t=21.90, 35.64, P<0.05). The expression of N-cadherin ( t=4.42, 4.77, P<0.05), Vimentin ( t=4.57, 3.02, P<0.05), MMP2 ( t=7.27, 26.08, P<0.05), and MMP9 ( t=13.26, 7.29, P<0.05) all increased, while the expression of E-cadherin deceased ( t=8.37, 6.77, P<0.05). The expression of TGF-β1 ( t=90.49, 35.17, P<0.05) increased. The expression of TGF-β1 decreased with small interfering RNA, which paralleled the inhibition of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition and migration ( t=38.66, 11.54, P<0.05). Mitochondrial dysfunction was reflected by the decline in the membrane potential ( t=6.94, 29.71, P<0.05) and complex-related subunits. The expression of TGF-β1 ( t=47.93, P<0.05) and EMT-related factors further increased after mitochondrial function was destroyed ( t=16.51, P<0.05). Conclusions:Radiation-induced mitochondrial dysfunction can increase the expression of TGF-β1, which promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition, and result in the migration of pancreatic cancer cell line.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910307

ABSTRACT

The rapid development of medical application of ionizing radiation has seen a range of safety and protection problems that might be of importance. This paper aims to introduce the current situation and existing problems in the public medical exposure, and to propose the relevant suggestions, based on a combination of judgment of medical radiation exposure justification, quality assurance and control of equipment in radiodiagnosis and radiotherapy, occupational protection of radiation workers, and health effects on patients undergoing radiodiagnosis and radiotherapy.

20.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 545-554, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922528

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate effects of berberine (BBR) on cholesterol synthesis in HepG2 cells with free fatty acid (FFA)-induced steatosis and to explore the underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#A steatosis cell model was induced in HepG2 cell line fed with FFA (0.5 mmol/L, oleic acid:palmitic acid = 2:1), and then treated with three concentrations of BBR; cell viability was assessed with cell counting kit-8 assays. Lipid accumulation in cells was observed through oil red O staining and total cholesterol (TC) content was detected by TC assay. The effects of BBR on cholesterol synthesis mediators were assessed by Western blotting and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. In addition, both silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) and forkhead box transcription factor O1 (FoxO1) inhibitors were employed for validation.@*RESULTS@#FFA-induced steatosis was successfully established in HepG2 cells. Lipid accumulation and TC content in BBR groups were significantly lower (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), associated with significantly higher mRNA and protein levels of SIRT1(P < 0.05, P < 0.01), significantly lower sterol regulatory element-binding protein 2 (SREBP2) and 3-hydroxy 3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase levels (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), as well as higher Acetyl-FoxO1 protein level (P < 0.05, P < 0.01) compared to the FFA only group. Both SIRT1 inhibitor SIRT1-IN-1 and FoxO1 inhibitor AS1842856 blocked the BBR-mediated therapeutic effects. Immunofluorescence showed that the increased SIRT1 expression increased FoxO1 deacetylation, and promoted its nuclear translocation.@*CONCLUSION@#BBR can mitigate FFA-induced steatosis in HepG2 cells by activating SIRT1-FoxO1-SREBP2 signal pathway. BBR may emerge as a potential drug candidate for treating nonalcoholic hepatic steatosis.


Subject(s)
Berberine/pharmacology , Cholesterol , Forkhead Box Protein O1/genetics , Humans , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/drug therapy , Sirtuin 1/genetics , Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Proteins
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