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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1529-1534, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978816

ABSTRACT

Esophagogastric variceal bleeding (EGVB) is one of the main complications of decompensated portal hypertension, especially in patients with liver cirrhosis, and it often has a high mortality rate. Medication combined with endoscopy is the main prevention and treatment method for EGVB, while transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) combined with variceal embolization can also be selected for some high-risk patients, and individualized diagnosis and treatment of portal hypertension based on hepatic venous pressure gradient should become the latest consensus and the main strategy. This article mainly reviews endoscopic therapy and TIPS for the prevention and treatment of EGVB patients with decompensated portal hypertension in terms of selection of indications, incidence rate of complications, and respective advantages and disadvantages.

2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 197-202, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971124

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the pathogenesis of erythrocytosis by detecting the key enzymes of glucose metabolism and glucose transporter in bone marrow erythrocytes of chronic mountain sickness (CMS), and analyzing its correlation with hemoglobin.@*METHODS@#Twenty CMS patients hospitalized in Qinghai Provincial People's Hospital from January 2019 to December 2020 were selected as CMS group. Twenty males with leukocyte count > 3.5×109/L who had accepted bone marrow aspiration and had normal result were taken as control group. The mRNA and protein expression of key enzymes and glucose transporter in glucose metabolism in bone marrow CD71+ erythrocytes were detected by real time qPCR and Western blot, respectively. Glucose, lactic acid and 2,3-diphosphoglycerate in the bone marrow supernatant and serum were tested by ELISA. The mRNA and protein expression of key enzymes and glucose transporter, glucose, lactic acid and 2,3-diphosphoglycerate of the two groups were compared. Pearson correlation was used to analyze the correlation between key enzymes, glucose transporter in glucose metabolism in bone marrow CD71+ erythrocytes and hemoglobin.@*RESULTS@#The expression of HK2, GLUT1 and GLUT2 mRNA in the CMS group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.001), while the expression of HK1, OGDH and COX5B mRNA were not different. The expression of HK2, GLUT1 and GLUT2 protein in the CMS group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The levels of glucose and lactic acid in the bone marrow supernatant and serum in the CMS group were not different from those in the control group, while the level of 2,3-diphosphoglycerate was higher (P<0.001). Both HK2 and GLUT2 proteins were positively correlated with hemoglobin (r=0.511, 0.717).@*CONCLUSION@#CMS patients may increase glycolysis by increasing the expression of HK2, and promote the utilization of glucose through high expression of GLUT1 and GLUT2 to meet the need of energy supply.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Altitude Sickness/metabolism , Glucose Transporter Type 1 , 2,3-Diphosphoglycerate , Hemoglobins , Chronic Disease , RNA, Messenger , Phenotype , Glucose
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 905-911, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985611

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the cognition and medication use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China and its associated factors. Method: From August 25 to September 5, 2021, 2 447 MSM were recruited in 24 cities to complete the online questionnaire through a male social interaction platform, Blued 7.5 software. The survey contents included demographic information of the respondents, PrEP awareness and usage, and risk behaviors. Descriptive analysis and multi-level logistic regression were performed for data analysis. SPSS 24.0 and SAS 9.4 software were used for statistical analysis. Results: Among the 2 447 respondents of MSM, 1 712 (69.96%) had heard of PrEP, 437 (17.86%) ever used PrEP, 274 (11.20%) were on PrEP, and 163 (6.66%) had discontinued PrEP; among the 437 cases (whoever used PrEP), more than 61.88% (388/627) adopted emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate regimen, and most of them adopted on-demand regimen. The average PrEP dosage reported in the past year is 1.12 tabletsper person per week. PrEP purchase was primarily via an online channel, and the most concerned factor was the PrEP effectiveness on HIV prevention. The most common reasons for discontinuing PrEP, reported by 163 cases, were the lack of HIV risk perception, the use of a condom to prevent HIV, and the economic burden of PrEP use. The logistic regression analysis showed that PrEP use among MSM in 24 cities was statistically associated with age, monthly income, ever having unprotected anal sex in the past year, used sexual drugs and sexually transmitted disease (STD) diagnosis in the past year. Compared with MSM aged 18-24, the proportion of MSM was relatively lower among those aged 25-44, who discontinued the PrEP (aOR=0.54,95%CI:0.34-0.87) or never used PrEP (aOR=0.62,95%CI:0.44-0.87). The proportion of unprotected anal sex among MSM currently on PrEP use was higher than those who have stopped PrEP and never used PrEP (all P<0.05). Those MSM group, with monthly income higher than 5 000 Yuan, used sexual drugs and STD diagnosis in the past year were more likely to have a higher rate for PrEP usage (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Currently, pre-exposure prophylaxis in the MSM group is primarily obtained via the online channel and adopted in an on-demand mode. Although the PrEP users have reached a certain proportion, it is still necessary to strengthen health education on the PrEP effects and side effects of MSM and to improve the awareness and use rate, especially for young MSM group, which can be combined with the advantages of the internet targeting its needs and use barriers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Homosexuality, Male , Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis , Cities , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Sexual Behavior , China , HIV Infections/prevention & control
4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 791-796, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985563

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the compliancy to on-demand HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and related factors in men who have sex with men (MSM) accessing to PrEP service through an Internet platform. Methods: A cross-sectional study method was used to recruit survey respondents through the Heer Health platform from July 6 to August 30, 2022, and a questionnaire survey on the current status of medication use was conducted in MSM who use PrEP through the platform and take medication on demand. The MSM's information collected in the survey mainly included socio-demographic characteristics, behavioral characteristics, risk perception characteristics, PrEP awareness and the status of dose taking. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate factors related with compliancy to PrEP. Results: A total of 330 MSM who met the recruitment criteria were included during the survey period, with a valid response rate of 96.7% (319/330) to the questionnaire survey. The age of the 319 MSM was (32.5±7.3) years. Most of them had education level of junior college or college and above (94.7%, 302/319), most of them were unmarried (90.3%, 288/319), most of them had full-time works (95.9%, 306/319), and 40.8% of them had average monthly income ≥10 000 yuan (130/319). The proportion of the MSM with good compliancy to PrEP was 86.5% (276/319). The results of univariate and multivariate logistic analyses showed that the MSM with good awareness of PrEP had relatively better compliancy to PrEP compared with those with poor awareness of PrEP (aOR=2.43, 95%CI:1.11-5.32). Conclusions: The compliancy to on-demand PrEP was good in MSM who accessed to the services through Internet platform, but there is still a need to strengthen PrEP promotion in MSM for the further improvement of PrEP compliancy and reduction of the risk for HIV infection in this population.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , HIV Infections , Cross-Sectional Studies , Homosexuality, Male , Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Internet
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4738-4746, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008641

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the mechanism of albiflorin in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease(AD) based on network pharmacology, molecular docking, and in vitro experiments. Network pharmacology was used to predict the potential targets and pathways of albiflorin against AD, and molecular docking technology was used to verify the binding affinity of albiflorin to key target proteins. Finally, the AD cell model was induced by Aβ_(25-35) in rat pheochromocytoma(PC12) cells and intervened by albiflorin to validate core targets and pathways. The results of network pharmacological analysis showed that albiflorin acted on key targets such as mitogen-activated protein kinase-1(MAPK1 or ERK2), albumin(ALB), epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR), caspase-3(CASP3), and sodium-dependent serotonin transporter(SLC6A4), and signaling pathways such as MAPK, cAMP, and cGMP-PKG. The results of molecular docking showed that albiflorin had strong binding affinity to MAPK1(ERK2). In vitro experiments showed that compared with the blank group, the model group showed decreased cell viability, decreased expression level of B-cell lymphoma 2(Bcl-2), increased Bcl-2-associated X protein(Bax), and reduced phosphorylation level of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2(ERK1/2) and the relative expression ratio of p-ERK1/2 to ERK1/2. Compared with the model group, the albiflorin group showed potentiated cell viability, up-regulated expression of Bcl-2, down-regulated Bax, and increased phosphorylation level of ERK1/2 and the relative expression ratio of p-ERK1/2 to ERK1/2. These results suggest that the mechanism of albiflorin against AD may be related to its activation of the MAPK/ERK signaling pathway and its inhibition of neuronal apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Alzheimer Disease/drug therapy , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Network Pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4039-4045, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008599

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of Psoraleae Fructus in improving the learning and memory ability of APP/PS1 mice by serum metabolomics, screen the differential metabolites of Psoraleae Fructus on APP/PS1 mice, and reveal its influence on the metabolic pathway of APP/PS1 mice. Thirty 3-month-old APP/PS1 mice were randomly divided into a model group and a Psoraleae Fructus extract group, and another 15 C57BL/6 mice of the same age were assigned to the blank group. The learning and memory ability of mice was evaluated by the Morris water maze and novel object recognition tests, and metabolomics was used to analyze the metabolites in mouse serum. The results of the Morris water maze test showed that Psoraleae Fructus shortened the escape latency of APP/PS1 mice(P<0.01), and increased the number of platform crossing and residence time in the target quadrant(P<0.01). The results of the novel object recognition test showed that Psoraleae Fructus could improve the novel object recognition index of APP/PS1 mice(P<0.01). Eighteen differential metabolites in serum were screened out by metabolomics, among which the levels of arachidonic acid, tryptophan, and glycerophospholipid decreased after drug administration, while the levels of glutamyltyrosine increased after drug administration. The metabolic pathways involved included arachidonic acid metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, tryptophan metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism, α-linolenic acid metabolism, and glycerolipid metabolism. Therefore, Psoraleae Fructus can improve the learning and memory ability of APP/PS1 mice, and its mechanism may be related to the effects in promoting energy metabolism, reducing oxidative damage, protecting central nervous system, reducing neuroinflammation, and reducing Aβ deposition. This study is expected to provide references for Psoraleae Fructus in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease(AD) and further explain the mechanism of Psoraleae Fructus in the treatment of AD.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor/genetics , Mice, Transgenic , Arachidonic Acid , Tryptophan , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Alzheimer Disease/genetics , Maze Learning , Glycerophospholipids , Disease Models, Animal , Amyloid beta-Peptides/metabolism
7.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 27(1): e222079, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1375247

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the discrepancy of crown-root morphology of anterior teeth, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), and to provide a guidance for proper torque expression. Methods: A total of eligible 200 CBCT were imported into Invivo v. 5.4 software, to obtain the middle labio-lingual sections of anterior teeth. AutoCAD 2007 software was applied to measure the crown-root angulation (Collum angle) and the angle formed by a tangent to the center of the labial surface and the long axis of the crown (labial surface angle). SPSS 18.0 was used for statistical comparisons of the two measurements, at the level of p< 0.05, and the Pearson correlation analysis was applied to investigate the association between the two measurements. Results: The value of Collum angle in maxillary central incisor was close to 0°. Significantly negative Collum angle in lateral incisors and maxillary canine, and positive value in mandibular canine were detected (p < 0.001). The labial surface angle in canine was significantly greater than the intra-arch incisors (p< 0.001), and no significant difference was detected between the central and lateral incisors (p > 0.05). Notably, there was also a significant positive correlation between the two measurements. Conclusions: The crown-root angulations were greatly different among anterior teeth. Accompanying the obvious crown-root angulations, the canines both in maxillary and mandibular arches presented considerable labial surface curvatures. Hence, equivalent deviation during bracket bonding might cause greater torque expression error and increase the risk of alveolar fenestration and dehiscence.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a discrepância na morfologia coroa-raiz de dentes anteriores, utilizando tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC), e fornecer parâmetros para a expressão apropriada do torque. Método: No total, 200 tomografias elegíveis foram importadas para o software Invivo 5.4 para obtenção das secções médias vestibulolinguais dos dentes anteriores. Osoftware AutoCAD 2007 foi usado para medir a angulação coroa-raiz (ângulo Collum) e o ângulo formado por uma tangente ao centro da superfície vestibular da coroa e o longo eixo da coroa (ângulo da superfície vestibular). O software SPSS 18.0 foi utilizado para as comparações estatísticas das duas medições, com nível de significância de p< 0,05, e a análise de correlação de Pearson foi aplicada para investigar a associação entre as duas medições. Resultados: O valor do ângulo Collum do incisivo central superior foi próximo a 0°. Foram detectados valores significativamente negativos para o ângulo Collum nos incisivos laterais e caninos superiores, mas valores positivos nos caninos inferiores (p< 0,001). O ângulo da superfície vestibular no canino foi significativamente maior do que nos incisivos intra-arcada (p< 0,001), e nenhuma diferença significativa foi detectada entre incisivos centrais e laterais (p> 0,05). Também foi observada uma correlação positiva significativa entre as duas medições. Conclusões: As angulações coroa-raiz foram muito diferentes entre os dentes anteriores. Os caninos superiores e inferiores apresentaram considerável curvatura na superfície vestibular, associada a uma evidente angulação coroa-raiz. Consequentemente, desvios durante a colagem de braquetes podem desencadear maior erro na expressão de torque e aumentar o risco de fenestração alveolar e deiscência, sendo necessária uma avaliação antes da colagem.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1168-1172, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929500

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the macular retina vascular density of patients with acute central retinal artery occlusion(CRAO)by optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA)and to analyze the relationship with retinal circulation time of these patients on fundus fluorescein angiography(FFA).METHODS: Retrospective case analysis. A total of 43 patients(43 eyes)from January 2019 to March 2021 admitted to Shaanxi Eye Hospital with clinical diagnosis of acute CRAO(course of disease ≤7d)were included. All patients underwent FFA, OCTA, best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)examination and thrombolytic therapy. The patients with enhanced or unchanged retinal blood flow signal in the affected eye showed on OCTA before treatment compared with the contralateral healthy eye were assigned to group A, and the patients with retinal blood flow signal of the affected eye was lower than that in the contralateral healthy eye by OCTA were assigned to group B. Image J software was used for OCTA image processing to evaluate the macular retina vascular density before treatment, and FFA examination was performed to record the affected retinal circulation time before treatment.RESULTS: The retinal vascular density of patients in the affected eye and the contralateral healthy eye in group A was higher than that in group B(25.08%±4.40% vs 12.24%±3.41%, 25.72%±2.70% vs 17.89%±4.55%, all P&#x003C;0.001), the filling time(FT)of retinal artery trunk to terminal in group B [96(20.50, 193.50)s] was longer than that in group A [11(5.00, 19.50)s](P&#x003C;0.001). The course of disease, the retinal vascular density of contralateral healthy eye and FT were related factors of retinal vascular density of the affected eye(all P&#x003C;0.05), and the influence strength order was FT, course of disease and the retinal vascular density of contralateral healthy eye, in which the course of disease and FT was negatively correlated with the retinal vascular density.CONCLUSION: OCTA retinal vascular density was correlated with FFA retinal circulation time in CRAO patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 323-329, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885752

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and prognosis of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) and drug combined with endoscopic treatment in patients with liver cirrhosis and esophagogastric variceal bleeding (EGVB).Methods:From January 2012 to December 2013, at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University, the data of 147 patients with liver cirrhosis and EGVB undergoing TIPS or drug combined with endoscopic treatment were retrospectively collected, with 87 cases in TIPS treatment group and 60 in drug combined with endoscopic treatment group.The 5 years follow-up data were analyzed, and the overall survival rates, rebleeding-free survival rates and hepatic encephalopathy-free survival rates at 6 weeks, 1 year, 2 years and 5 years after treatment of two groups were compared. Independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test, Fisher exact test, Z test, log-rank test and trend test were used for statistical analysis. Results:There were no significant differences in age, gender, etiology, Child-Pugh classification, initial liver function, coagulation function, liver ascites, previous history of hepatic encephalopathy, blood pressure and preoperative blood transfusion history between the TIPS treatment group and combination of drugs and endoscopy treatment group (all P>0.05). Forty-one patients died within 5 years, of which 20 (48.8%) died of rebleeding and 6 (14.6%) died of hepatic encephalopathy. There were no significant differences in 6-week, 1-year and 2-year overall survival rates between the TIPS group and drug combined with endoscopic treatment group (all P>0.05), however the 5-year overall survival rate of the TIPS treatment group was higher than that of the drug combined with endoscopic treatment group (78.4% vs. 63.2%), and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=2.06, P=0.048). The 6-week, 1-year, 2-year, 5-year rebleeding-free survival rates of the TIPS group were 97.7%, 96.5%, 88.9% and 70.9%, respectively, which were all higher than those of the drug combined with endoscopic treatment group (86.7%, 53.3%, 43.3% and 27.1%), and the differences were statistically significant ( Z=2.35, 6.39, 6.26 and 4.80, all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in hepatic encephalopathy-free survival rates at 6 weeks, 1 year and 2 years after treatment between the TIPS group and drug combined with endoscopic treatment group (all P>0.05), however the 5-year hepatic encephalopathy-free survival rate of the TIPS treatment group was lower than that of the drug combined with endoscopic treatment group (67.7% vs. 86.7%), and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=2.28, P=0.030). The lower the Child-Pugh classification, the higher the cumulative 5-year survival rate ( χ2=6.75, P<0.01). There was no statistically significant difference in the 5-year overall survival rate in patients with the same Child-Pugh classification between the TIPS group and the drug combined with endoscopic treatment group (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The efficacy of TIPS is better than that of the drug combined with endoscopic treatment in treating EGVB. Even the long-term risk of hepatic encephalopathy of TIPS is higher, the short-term, middle-term and long-term rebleeding rate are decreased. Patients with Child-Pugh grade C do not need to avoid TIPS when choosing the treatment, the earlier the TIPS used, the better survival benefit will be obtained.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 646-650, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930277

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relation of two SNPs of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene E1317Q (RS1801166, G > C) and D1822V (RS45952, A > T) polymorphism with osteoporosis and bone metabolism in postmenopausal women.Methods:A total of 374 postmenopausal women who underwent routine physical examination in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from Mar. 2019 to Mar. 2021 were selected as subjects, and divided into normal bone mass group (103 cases) , osteoparrosia group (114 cases) and osteoporosis group (157 cases) . Bone mineral density was measured by a 128-slice spiral CT machine manufactured by Siemens. Clinical and bone metabolic indicators were recorded. Two SNPs were genotyped by capillary electrophoresis and fragment analysis (SNaPshot) . The relative expression level of APC gene mRNA was measured in quantitative real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction system.Results:There were significant differences in genotype and allele frequency distribution of APC rs1801166 and RS45952 among the three groups (all P<0.05) . For rs1801166 site, paircomparison results showed that the genotype distribution of the osteoporosis group was significantly different from that of the normal bone mass group and the decreased bone mass group ( P<0.05) . Allele frequency was significantly different between the two groups ( P<0.05) . For rs45952 site, pairwise comparison showed that the genotype distribution and allele frequency were significantly different between the osteoporosis group and the normal bone mass group ( P<0.05) . There were statistically significant differences in serum calcium, serum phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, 25-hydroxyvitamin and bone mineral density between wild type and mutant type at rs1801166 (all P<0.05) . There were statistically significant differences in serum calcium, alkaline phosphatase, 25-hydroxyvitamin and bone mineral density between wild type and mutant at RS45952 site (all P<0.05) . There was statistical significance in the mRNA relative expression of APC gene in the normal bone mass group, the bone mass reduction group and the osteoporosis group ( P<0.05) . The mRNA relative expression level of APC gene in wild type at rs1801166 and RS45952 sites was significantly higher than that in mutant type (all P<0.05) . Conclusion:APC gene polymorphism is significantly correlated with osteoporosis and bone metabolism in postmenopausal women, and may affect the expression level of APC gene.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 330-334, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872172

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the labial surface angle and Collum angle of anterior teeth using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), and to provide guidance for proper setting of torque for avoiding alveolar fenestration and dehiscence.Methods:CBCT data of 200 patients (66 males, age ranging from 18 to 40 years, with average 26.7 years) were screened and imported into Invivo 5.4, the middle labio-lingual sections of anterior teeth were obtained, and the Collum angle and labial surface angle were measured respectively. One-way ANOVA was used to analyze the discrepancies of the two measurements among teeth. Pearson correlation analysis was performed to detect the association between the two measurements.Results:The Collum angles (labial surface angles) in upper central incisor, lateral incisor, canine and lower central incisor, lateral incisor and canine were 0.17±5.11° (15.50±2.91°), -5.67±5.74° (15.52±3.50°), -5.56±4.67° (20.07±3.66°), -3.97±4.49° (14.40±3.20°), -6.50±4.03° (14.76±3.25°), -3.70±4.91° (18.27±3.07°) respectively; the positive Collum angles indicated the lingually bent root relative to crown, while the negative indicated the labially bent root. The labial surface angles in upper and lower canine were significantly larger than that of intra-arch central and lateral incisors ( P<0.001). On the contrary, no significant differences were detected between central and lateral incisors in the maxilla and mandible ( P>0.05, P>0.05). Moreover, except for the maxillary central incisor, the Collum angle and labial surface angle were positively correlated. Conclusions:The values of Collum angle among anterior teeth are significantly different, and the obvious lingual-bent root are more likely accompanied with the greater labial surface curve, which might cause variable torqueing and be necessary to elevate before treatment.

12.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 4907-4915, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846140

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study triterpenes and their anti-inflammatory activity from the ethanol extract of Centipeda minima. Methods: The compounds were isolated and purified by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, MCI, ODS and RP-HPLC gel column chromatography, and their structures were elucidated by NMR and MS spectroscopic techniques. The inhibitory activity of the compound on the release of inflammatory mediators NO from mouse macrophages (RAW264.7) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was determined by Griess method, and then the anti-inflammatory activity of the compounds was evaluated Results: A total of 17 compounds were isolated and identified as: 20-oxo-30-nortaraxastan-3β-yl acetate (1), 3β-acetoxytaraxaster-20-en-30-al (2), 3β-hydroxytaraxaster-20-en-30-al (3), taraxasterol (4), arnidiol (5), 3β,21β-dihydroxy-20(30)-en-taraxastane (6), faradiol (7), pseudotaraxasteryl acetate (8), taraxast-20-ene-3β,30-diol (9), 18α-olean-12-ene-3,11-dione (10), maniladiol (11), 3β- hydroxyolean-12-en-11-one (12), coflodiol (13), lupeol (14), 3β,16β-dihydroxylup-20(29)-ene (15), 16β-hydroxylupa-20(29)- en-3-one (16) and garcinielliptone Q (17). Compounds 2, 5-6, 8-10, 12-13, 15-17 displayed moderate inhibitory activity on theoverproduction of NO in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 mouse macrophage cell lines, IC50 values ranging from 11.9 to 27.1 μmol/L. Conclusion: Compound 1 is a new natural product, and its 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR data was first completely assigned on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic evidence. Compounds 2, 3, 6, 8-10, 12, 13, 15 and 16 are isolated from C. minima for the first time. This work provided theoretical basis for clinical application of C. minima

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 255-258, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867839

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for delirium after intertrochanteric fracture surgery in the elderly.Methods:The data of 423 elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture were retrospectively analyzed who had been treated by closed reduction and internal fixation with proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) at Department of Orthopedics, The Second Central Hospital of Baoding from December 2010 to April 2018. They were 205 males and 218 females, aged from 70 to 98 years (mean, 78.6 years). By AO classification, 239 fractures were type 31-A1, 141 ones type 31-A2, and 43 ones type 31-A3. Of them, 362 were complicated with disease of internal medicine. The interval from injury to surgery ranged from 4 to 72 hours with an average of 46.6 hours. The incidence of postoperative delirium was recorded. The risk factors were screened by univariate analysis from the hidden blood loss, gender, age, body mass index, complications, anesthesia method, preoperative preparation time and electrolyte disturbance; multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors from the factors with P< 0.05. Results:Post-operative delirium occurred in 49 of the 423 patients (11.58%) (29 cases on the first postoperative day and 20 ones on the second postoperative day). It was not observed in the other 374 (88.42%) patients. Univariate analysis showed significant differences in the interval from injury to surgery, hidden blood loss and electrolyte disturbance between the patients with and without postoperative delirium ( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the interval from injury to surgery >48 hours ( OR=3.386, 95% CI: 1.362 to 6.638), hidden blood loss>600 mL ( OR=10.292, 95% CI: 1.244 to 35.091) and electrolyte disturbance ( OR=4.157, 95% CI: 1.595 to 7.626) were the independent risk factors for postoperative delirium in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture. Conclusion:Long preoperative preparation, a large amount of hidden blood loss and postoperative electrolyte disturbance may be the risk factors for post-operative delirium in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture afterinternal fixation.

14.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 603-607, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751771

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mechanism of transforming growth factor-beta/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (TGF-β/P38MAPK) signaling pathway that transformed corallin into a transforming growth factor-beta/p38 mitogen activated protein kinases (TGF-β/P38MAPK).Methods The hair follicle stem cells (HFSCs) were divided into blank group,positive group and 10-10,10-9,10-8,10-7,10-6,10-5,10-4,10-3 mol/L mycoralin solution groups according to the random number table method.After 24 h,the cell proliferation rate was determined by MTT assay.The HFSCs were divided into blank group,positive group and low,medium and high dose groups according to the random number table method.The positive group was added with 5 mol/L of alkaline fibroblast growth factor solution,while the low,medium and high dose groups were added with 10-7,10-6 and 10-5 mol/L of mycoralin solution for intervention.The cell proliferation rate was determined by MTT assay.The protein expressions ofTGF-β,phosphorylated P38(p-p38),P38,Bax and bcl-2 in cells were detected by Western blot,and mRNA expressions of Bax and bcl-2 in cells of each group were detected by real-time quantitative PCR.Results Compared with the blank group,the productivity of the cells (0.418 ± 0.031,0.412 ± 0.014,0.468 ± 0.024 vs.0.353 ± 0.006) in the 10-7,10-6 and 10-5 mol/L aucubin groups significantly increased (P<0.01).Compared with the blank group,the protein expression of TGF-β (0.377 ± 0.027,0.338 ± 0.021,0.322 ± 0.017 vs.0.557 ± 0.017),p-p38 (0.270 ± 0.020,0.228 ± 0.013,0.216 ± 0.012 vs.0.461 ± 0.012),Bax (0.450 ± 0.017,0.365 ± 0.011,0.279 ± 0.006 vs.0.551 ± 0.015) in the low,medium and high dose groups significantly down-regulated,while the Bcl-2 (0.450 ± 0.017,0.365 ± 0.011,0.279 ± 0.006 vs.0.358 ± 0.011) protein expression significantly increased.Compared with the blank group,the expression of Bcl-2 (1.714 ± 0.028,2.514 ± 0.054,3.382 ± 0.084 vs.1.000 ± 0) mRNA increased,Bax (0.415 ± 0.020,0.353 ± 0.090,0.235 ± 0.114 vs.1.000 ± 0) mRNA in the low,medium and high dose groups significantly down-regulated (P<0.01).Conclusions By regulating the TGF-β/p38MAPK signaling pathway,mycoralin can reduce the expression of downstream apoptotic factors,and promote the repair of damaged skin.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2670-2676, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803224

ABSTRACT

Background@#Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a contributing factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Non-invasive algorithms including fatty liver index (FLI) and hepatic steatosis index (HSI) have been used as a screening test for NAFLD in epidemiologic studies. The aim of this study is to compare the diagnostic accuracy of FLI and HSI for NAFLD detection in adults with OSAHS.@*Methods@#We enrolled consecutive adult subjects who were newly diagnosed with OSAHS from March 2016 to January 2018. NAFLD was diagnosed by ultrasonography. The accuracy and cut-off point of the FLI and HSI to detect NAFLD were assessed by analyzing the area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve and the maximum Youden index analysis, respectively.@*Results@#The 326 subjects were diagnosed as NAFLD according to ultrasound findings, while 105 subjects who had normal abdominal ultrasonography were grouped as controls. Both FLI and HSI values were significantly higher in patients with NAFLD compared with controls. The AUROC of FLI and HSI for predicting NAFLD was 0.802 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.762-0.839) and 0.753 (95% CI 0.710-0.793), respectively. The AUROC of FLI was significantly higher than that of HSI (P = 0.0383). The optimal cut-off value of FLI and HSI was 60 (sensitivity 66% and specificity 80%) and 35 (sensitivity 81% and specificity 60%), respectively.@*Conclusions@#Both FLI and HSI can serve as screening tools for NAFLD in OSAHS adults. The FLI shows better performance in diagnosing NAFLD than HSI.@*Trial registration@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (No. ChiCTR-OOB-15007253), http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=11606.

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Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1595-1600, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800278

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effectiveness of AIDS intervention programs on men aged 50 or over and having had non-marital sexual behavior.@*Methods@#A community-based intervention/experimental and based on individual level study was adopted. Stratified sampling method was used. 12 townships/streets in Fuyang district of Hangzhou were identified as intervention or control group (six research sites each). All of the subjects in the township (street) were included. The inclusion criteria of study objects would include men aged 50 or older who reported having unmarried sex in the last year. Estimated sample size was 290, with each 145 in the intervention group and the control group. All the intervention group participants were provided with a total of 4 intervention-related items (knowledge and education on AIDS prevention, information radiation and behavioral change, broadcast expert lectures), every 3 months, for 12 month, the main evaluation indicators would include: incidence of non-marital sex and commercial sex in the last year, condom use when having non-marital sex in the last episode.@*Results@#A total of 312 subjects were recruited. 300 of them completed the baseline study while 284 of them completed the follow-up survey. Among the subjects who had undergone the baseline study, the average age was (65.58±7.89), 71.33% were married or cohabiting with someone, 52.00% having had primary school education. After the implementation of intervention programs, the incidence of non-marital sex dropped to 59.42% (82/138) and the incidence of commercial sex dropped from 79.73% (118/148) to 55.07% (76/138). Condom use rate in the last non-marital sexual contact increased from 19.59% (29/148) to 51.22% (42/82). In the control group, the incidence of non-marital sex in the year before dropped to 74.66% (109/146) and the incidence of commercial sex dropped from 91.45% (139/152) to 72.60% (106/146). Rates of condom use during the last non-marital sexual contact dropped from 32.89% (50/152) to 31.19% (34/109). Statistically, there were significant differences appeared between the two groups on the incidence of non-marital sex in the past year (χ2=7.48, P=0.008), the incidence of commercial sex in the last year (χ2=9.47, P=0.003) and the rate of condom use in the last sex experience (χ2=7.83, P=0.007).@*Conclusions@#Results from this intervention study showed that: in the intervention group, both the incidence rates of non-marital or commercial sex had reduced, together with the increase of condom use in non-marital sex in the last sexual experience. Intervention strategies that involving knowledge and education on AIDS prevention, information radiation and behavioral change, broadcasting lectures by experts etc. were all proved effective.

17.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1359-1362, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798100

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the differences in specific IgE of allergic diseases.@*Methods@#The allergens in 1 028 patients (including 606 cases of eczema/specific dermatitis, 319 Cases of urticaria, 103 cases of papular urticaria and prurigo) were detected by German Allergy Screen Immune mark method.@*Results@#There were statistically significant differences (P<0.05) in the positive rate of allergens among the four allergic diseases, including Penicillium notatum/ Piptocephalis/ aspergillus fumigatus/aspergillus niger/Alternaria (χ2=6.663), milk (χ2=10.320) and cashew nut (χ2=14.325); The common allergen in <1-year-old group was cat dander (22.75%), egg white (35.93%); The common allergen in 1 to 3 years old group was dog dander (22.17%), milk (61.82%) and crab (3.45%). The common allergen in>3-year-old group was dust mite (10.77%), cockroach (3.52%), Penicillium notatum/Piptocephalis/ aspergillus fumigatus/aspergillus niger/Alternaria (21.32%), Short ragweed/artemisia/Humulus scandens/quinoa (14.73%). The positive rate of specific IgE against house dust in the third quarter was the highest (17.78%) and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=14.443, P=0.002). Among the statistically significant difference in the positive rate of specific IgE between eczema/atopic dermatitis in different age groups (χ2=10.204, P=0.006), the positive rate in the group of 1 to 3 years was the highest.@*Conclusions@#Different diseases, ages, and seasonal specific allergens are different, individualized treatment can be carried out according to disease types, ages and seasons.

18.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1359-1362, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791150

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the differences in specific IgE of allergic diseases.Methods The allergens in 1 028 patients (including 606 cases of eczema/specific dermatitis,319 Cases of urticaria,103 cases of papular urticaria and prurigo) were detected by German Allergy Screen Immune mark method.Results There were statistically significant differences (P < 0.05) in the positive rate of allergens among the four allergic diseases,including Penicillium notatum/ Piptocephalis/ aspergillus fumigatus/aspergillus niger/Alternaria (x2 =6.663),milk (x2 =10.320) and cashew nut (x2 =14.325);The common allergen in < 1-year-old group was cat dander (22.75%),egg white (35.93%);The common allergen in 1 to 3 years old group was dog dander (22.17%),milk (61.82%) and crab (3.45%).The common allergen in > 3-year-old group was dust mite (10.77%),cockroach (3.52%),Penicillium notatum/Piptocephalis/aspergillus fumigatus/aspergillus niger/Altemaria (21.32%),Short ragweed/artemisia/Humulus scandens/quinoa (14.73%).The positive rate of specific IgE against house dust in the third quarter was the highest (17.78%) and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =14.443,P =0.002).Among the statistically significant difference in the positive rate of specific IgE between eczema/atopic dermatitis in different age groups (x2 =10.204,P =0.006),the positive rate in the group of 1 to 3 years was the highest.Conclusions Different diseases,ages,and seasonal specific allergens are different,individualized treatment can be carried out according to disease types,ages and seasons.

19.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 575-589, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771249

ABSTRACT

Fractures are frequently occurring diseases that endanger human health. Crucial to fracture healing is cartilage formation, which provides a bone-regeneration environment. Cartilage consists of both chondrocytes and extracellular matrix (ECM). The ECM of cartilage includes collagens and various types of proteoglycans (PGs), which play important roles in maintaining primary stability in fracture healing. The PG form of dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1-PG) is involved in maintaining the health of articular cartilage and bone. Our previous data have shown that DMP1-PG is richly expressed in the cartilaginous calluses of fracture sites. However, the possible significant role of DMP1-PG in chondrogenesis and fracture healing is unknown. To further detect the potential role of DMP1-PG in fracture repair, we established a mouse fracture model by using a glycosylation site mutant DMP1 mouse (S89G-DMP1 mouse). Upon inspection, fewer cartilaginous calluses and down-regulated expression levels of chondrogenesis genes were observed in the fracture sites of S89G-DMP1 mice. Given the deficiency of DMP1-PG, the impaired IL-6/JAK/STAT signaling pathway was observed to affect the chondrogenesis of fracture healing. Overall, these results suggest that DMP1-PG is an indispensable proteoglycan in chondrogenesis during fracture healing.

20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1134-1136, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817568

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the Quality of life among school-aged children with dyslexia in target city and to provide scientific evidence for improving the quality of life of children with dyslexia.@*Methods@#By using cluster sampling,students from grade 3 to grade 6 from 6 primary schools in a middle-sized were selected and administered with questionnaire survey. According to the criteria of dyslexia, dyslexic children and non-dyslexic children were identified and the difference of the Quality of Life was compared.@*Results@#Totally 3 673 children were collected, and 119 of them were identified as dyslexia(3.24%).The prevalence of dyslexia differed by gender,grades,educational level of parents(χ2=24.77,11.75,18.50,9.79,P<0.05). The Quality of Life which below the average proportion accounted for 30.3% of dyslexic children and 16.7% of normal children. Quality of life scored signiticantly different between dyslexic children and non-dyslexia children, including psychosocial functioning domain(134.54±30.88)(143.49±32.53), physical and mental health domain(2.71±0.84)(2.92±0.81) vs (2.83±0.90)(3.06±0.87), the living satisfaction domain(2.95±0.87)(3.14±0.87)(t=-6.09,-5.48,-5.44,-4.50,P<0.01),with dyslexic group significantly lower than that of non-dyslexic group.@*Conclusion@#The Quality of Life of Dyslexic children was in a poor condition.

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