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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907990

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the significance of plasma homocysteine (Hcy) as a new biomarker for the differential diagnosis of postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) and suspected myocarditis in children.Methods:A total of 24 children diagnosed with POTS and 21 children diagnosed with suspected myocarditis treated in the Pediatrics Department of the Peking University First Hospital from July to December 2016 were included in the study.Plasma Hcy levels were measured in each subject and compared between children with POTS and suspected myocarditis.The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were depicted for assessing the diagnostic potential of Hcy in distinguishing POTS from suspected myocarditis.Results:Plasma Hcy level in the POTS group was significantly higher than that in the suspected myocarditis group [(14.25±8.09) μmol/L vs.(8.99±3.19) μmol/L], which was also significantly higher than that of the mean levels in Beijing children [(8.82±5.58) μmol/L] (all P<0.05). When the cut-off was 9.36 μmol/L, the area under the ROC curve was 0.76, and the sensitivity and specificity for distinguishing POTS from suspected myocarditis were 71% and 68%, respectively. Conclusions:Plasma Hcy levels are helpful in the differential diagnosis of POTS and suspected myocarditis in children.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906523

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of sedimentary type Limonitum on hemostatic indexes in blood and metal ions in serum of rats with hemorrhage. Method:The hemorrhagic rat models were established by warfarin sodium. The experimental animals were divided into control group,model group,powder group and water decoction group. On day 15 from drug administration, the contents of 6-keto prostaglandin F<sub>1</sub><italic><sub>α</sub></italic>(6-keto-PGF<sub>1</sub><italic><sub>α</sub></italic>),thromboxane B<sub>2</sub>(TXB<sub>2</sub>),arachidonic acid(AA),endothelin 1(ET-1),platelet activating factor(PAF),P-selectin(PS),and Ca<sup>2+</sup> in the whole blood of rats in each group were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The contents of Na,Mg,K,Ca,Fe,Al,Li,Be,Ti,V,Cr,Mn,Co,Ni,Cu,Zn,As,Sr,Cd,Sn,Sb,Ba,and Pb in serum samples were determined by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer(ICP-OES) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry(ICP-MS). Result:Compared with the model group,the content of 6-keto-PGF<sub>1</sub><italic><sub>α</sub></italic> was reduced in the powder group and water decoction group (<italic>P</italic><0.05),and the contents of TXB<sub>2</sub>,AA,ET-1,PAF,PS,Ca<sup>2+ </sup>were<sup> </sup>significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01),with a positive and beneficial regulatory effect. In the powder group, 10 kinds of metal elements in serum of rats were significantly and positively regulated: Na,K,Ca,Fe,Li,Ti,V,Co,Cu,and Zn(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). In the water decoction group, 10 metal elements with significant positive regulation were as follows: Na,K,Ca,Fe,Li,V,Ni,Cu,Zn,and Sr(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). In addition,the content of Cr(<italic>P</italic><0.01) in the powder group and Cr(<italic>P</italic><0.01),Pb(<italic>P</italic><0.05) in the water decoction group were significantly reduced. Conclusion:The powder and water decoction of sedimentary type Limonitum had definite and positive intervention effect on warfarin hemorrhage model rats,which could play a coagulation role by enhancing the vasoconstriction ability,promoting the activation of platelets,and increasing the platelet aggregation rate and blood viscosity. The metal elements such as Na,K,Ca,Fe,Li,Ti,V,Co,Cu,Zn,Ni and Sr may be the material basis for sedimentary type Limonitum to exert hemostatic effect. According to the above indicators,the intervention effect of powder group and decoction group was basically the same.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906494

ABSTRACT

Mume Flos is a traditional Chinese medicinal material,with the effects of soothing the liver,resolving phlegm and dispelling stagnation. It was mainly used to treat globus hystericus,liver and stomach pain,loss of appetite,dizziness and scrofula. Mume Flos is native to China,with a long history of cultivation and application and complex and diverse varieties. There are hundreds varieties of Mume Flos,including fruiting Mei and flowering Mei. However,there was no ancient literature on which color of Mume Flos is the best traditional Chinese medicinal material among those with different colors,as well as relevant study report on the correlation between medicinal Mume Flos group and plant systematics. In order to define the origin,the author conducted the textual research on the changes in the origin,quality and producing areas of the Mume Flos in the past dynasties. According to the findings, traditional medicinal Mume Flos were mainly green calyx Mume Flos and white Mume Flos,and derived from flowering Mei of the true Mume branch. Among them, green calyx Mume Flos belonged to the green calyx group, while medicinal white Mume Flos belonged to the albo-plena group and the single-lobe group. The producing area of Mume Flos was first recorded in Sheng Nong's Herbal Classic,where now in southern Shaanxi province. After the Song dynasty,due to climate,social and economic factors,the producing areas of Mume Flos had continued to move southward from Shaanxi province to the Yangtze River and Dongting Lake basins. Till the Ming and Qing dynasties,the distribution of Mume Flos was also reported in Guangdong province and Hainan province. In modern times,due to the comprehensive impact of natural climate conditions and urbanization,the producing areas of medicinal Mume Flos had gradually changed from Sichuan province,Jiangsu province and Zhejiang province to southern Anhui province at present. In this paper,the textual research is conducted to define the origin and systematically summarize the changes in the producing areas of Mume Flos,so as to provide reference for defining the origin of Mume Flos and the groups of medicinal Mume Flos and making further development and utilization of resources.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906489

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possible mechanism of Chloriti Lapis in the treatment of epilepsy by the metabonomics of brain tissue in pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-kindled epileptic rats treated with Chloriti Lapis. Method:The epileptic animal model in rats was established by PTZ kindling, and the rats were divided into the control group, model group, carbamazepine group and Chloriti Lapis group. The brain tissue samples were detected by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC/Q-TOF-MS), and the experimental results were statistically analyzed by partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and SPSS 18.0. Result:The metabolic fingerprints and metabolic profiles of the rat brain tissue were established, which showed that the metabolic profiles of each group had changed significantly and could be separated well among the groups. Moreover, the Chloriti Lapis group had a tendency to be closer to the control group than the carbamazepine group. Seven differential metabolites were screened, including phosphatidylserine (PS) (18∶0/18∶0), <italic>L</italic>-glutamic acid, docosahexaenoyl ethanolamide, arachidonic acid, glucosylsphingosine, cholestane-3,7,12,24,25-pentol and lysophosphatidylcholine (LysoPC) (P-18∶0). Except for docosahexaenoyl ethanolamide and LysoPC (P-18∶0), Chloriti Lapis had significant intervening and regulating effects on the other five differential metabolites. There were 12 possible metabolic pathways that affected the metabolic disorder of PTZ-kindled rats, and 3 important metabolic pathways (pathway impact>0.1), namely, <italic>D-</italic>glutamine and <italic>D-</italic>glutamate metabolism, alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism, and arachidonic acid metabolism, among which <italic>D-</italic>glutamine and <italic>D-</italic>glutamate metabolism was the most important metabolic pathways. Conclusion:From this point of view, Chloriti Lapis has a clear intervention effect on PTZ-kindled epileptic rats, which may be related to the intervention of the above differential metabolite contents and related metabolic pathways. It can reduce the toxic effect of excitatory neurotransmitters on neurons in brain tissue and inhibit the development of inflammation in brain tissue, so as to maintain the biological function of brain cells and slow down the occurrence of epilepsy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906433

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Chloriti Lapis on metal elements in brain tissue and plasma of epileptic rats kindled by pentylenetetrazol (PTZ), and to explore the possible material basis of Chloriti Lapis. Method:PTZ kindling method was used to establish epileptic rat model. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES) were used to determine the contents of metal elements in brain tissue and plasma of the blank group, model group, carbamazepine group (0.1 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and Chloriti Lapis group (2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>). The data were statistically analyzed by SPSS 18.0 software. Result:Compared with the blank group, the contents of Sr, Sb and Ba in brain tissue of rats in the model group were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), while the contents of Zn, Fe, Cu, K, Li, Co, Sn and Pb were significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the contents of Zn, Fe, K, Li, Co, As and Pb in brain tissue of rats in the Chloriti Lapis group were obviously increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), while the contents of Sr and Sb were significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). These results showed that Chloriti Lapis had positive effect on the regulation of the content of metal elements in rat brain tissue to normal level, the intervention effect was clear, and the overall effect was better than that of carbamazepine group. The determination of 21 metal elements in plasma showed that compared with the blank group, the levels of K, Sr and Cd in the model group were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the contents of Li, Al, Ti and Cr were significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the model group, the contents of Ca, K, Li, Al and V in the Chloriti Lapis group were obviously increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and the contents of Fe, Ti, Sr and Cd were significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The correlation analysis of metal elements among the groups showed that there were 17 pairs of elements had positively correlation in the brain tissue of rats, 2 pairs of elements had significant negative correlation. In the plasma of rats, 8 pairs of elements had significant positive correlation and 6 pairs of elements had significant negative correlation. Conclusion:The metal element groups represented by Zn, Fe, K, Li, Co, As, Pb, Sr, Sb, Ca, Al, V, Ti and Cd may be the effective material basis for Chloriti Lapis to interfere PTZ-kindled epileptic model rats, which may be related to the influence of these metal element groups on the release of neurotransmitters and the electrical balance of neurons, the regulation of abnormal synchronous discharge induced by Na<sup>+</sup>, K<sup>+</sup>, Ca<sup>2+</sup> channel disorders and intervention of metabolism pathways in brain tissue related to epilepsy. It can make the excitatory and inhibitory activities restrain each other, and finally reach the normal physiological state of neurons and cells. The intervention effect of Chloriti Lapis group was better than that of carbamazepine group.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905970

ABSTRACT

Objective:Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap-MS) was used to rapidly analyze and assign the chemical constituents of Naizilai granules. Method:An ACQUITY UPLC BEH Shield RP C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 µm) was selected for chromatographic analysis, the mobile phase was 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (A) and acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-3 min, 1%B; 3-16 min, 1%-11%B; 16-30 min, 11%-34%B; 30-37 min, 34%-52%B; 37-42 min, 52%-100%B; 42-44 min, 100%B), flow rate was 0.3 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> and the column temperature was 35 ℃. Mass spectrometry data of Naizilai granules were collected in positive and negative ion modes, the chemical constituents of this preparation were speculated and identified according to the precise molecular weight, secondary fragmentation and other information, combined with reference substance and literature data. Result:A total of 175 compounds were identified and speculated, including 72 flavonoids, 77 organic acids, 15 sesquiterpenes, 6 coumarins and 5 other compounds. Among these identified chemical constituents, there were 154 from <italic>Artemisia rupestris</italic>, 64 from <italic>Hyssopus cuspidatus</italic>, 33 from <italic>Cordia dichotoma</italic>, 42 from <italic>Viola tianshanica</italic>, 56 from <italic>Lactuca sativa</italic>, 65 from <italic>Mentha haplocalyx</italic>, 78 from <italic>Matricaria chamomilla</italic>, 28 from <italic>Ziziphus jujuba</italic>, 7 of which were common components of these eight herbs. Conclusion:The established analytical method can realize the rapid and accurate identification of the chemical constituents in Naizilai granules, and basically covers the main constituents of each medicinal material in the formula, so as to provide a basis for improving the quality evaluation system of the preparation and lay a foundation for elucidating the pharmacodynamic mechanism.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888067

ABSTRACT

The pharmacological effects of Angelicae Sinensis Radix from different producing areas are uneven. Accurate identification of its producing areas by computer vision and machine learning(CVML) is conducive to evaluating the quality of Angelicae Sinensis Radix. This paper collected the high-definition images of Angelicae Sinensis Radix from different producing areas using a digital camera to construct an image database, followed by the extraction of texture features based on the grayscale relationship of adjacent pixels in the image. Then a support vector machine(SVM)-based prediction model for predicting the producing areas of Angelicae Sinensis Radix was built. The experimental results showed that the prediction accuracy reached up to 98.49% under the conditions of the model training set occupying 80%, the test set occupying 20%, and the sampling radius(r) of adjacent pixels being 2. When the training set was set to 10%, the prediction accuracy was still over 93%. Among the three producing areas of Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Huzhu county, Qinghai province exhibited the highest error rate, while Heqing county, Yunnan province the lowest error rate. Angelicae Sinensis Radix from Minxian county, Gansu province and Huzhu county, Qinghai province were both wrongly attributed to Heqing county, Yunnan province, while most of those from Huzhu county, Qinghai province were misjudged as the samples produced in Minxian county, Gansu province. The method designed in this paper enabled the rapid and non-destructive prediction of the producing areas of Angelicae Sinensis Radix, boasting high accuracy and strong stability. There were definite morphological differences between Angelicae Sinensis Radix samples from Minxian county, Gansu province and those from Huzhu county, Qinghai province. The wrongly predicted samples from Minxian county, Gansu province and Huzhu city, Qinghai province shared similar morphological characteristics with those from Heqing county, Yunnan province. Most wrongly predicted samples from Heqing county, Yunnan province were similar to the ones from Minxian county, Gansu province in morphological characteristics.


Subject(s)
Angelica sinensis , China , Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Plant Roots/chemistry
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888053

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of mineral Chloriti Lapis on pulmonary metabolites and metabolic pathways in lung tissues of rats with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(AECOPD). The AECOPD rat model of phlegm heat syndrome was replicated by the method of smoking combined with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection. Except for using UPLC-Q-TOF-MS analysis, SPSS 18.0, SIMCA 13.0 and other software were also used for statistical analysis. Through literature search and online database comparison, the differential metabolites were identified, and the possible metabolic pathways were analyzed. After 15 days of administration, PLS-DA analysis was carried out on lung tissue samples of rats in each group. The results showed that the metabolic profiles of lung tissues of rats in each group could be well separated, which indicated that Chloriti Lapis and aminophylline had significant intervention effect on the lung metabolic profile of rats with AECOPD. Moreover, the metabolic profile of Chloriti Lapis group was closer to that of control group, and the intervention effect was better than that of aminophylline group. As a result, 15 potential differential metabolites were identified: phytosphingosine, sphinganine, tetradecanoylcarnitine, L-palmitoylcarnitine, elaidic carnitine, lysoPC[18∶2(9Z,12Z)], lysoPC(16∶0), lysoPC[18∶1(9Z)], lysoPC(18∶0), stearic acid, lysoPC(15∶0), arachidonic acid, docosapentaenoic acid, linoleic acid and palmitic acid. Among them, Chloriti Lapis could significantly improve the levels of 10 differential metabolites of phytosphingosine, tetradecanoylcarnitine, L-palmitoylcarnitine, elaidic carnitine, lysoPC[18∶2(9Z,12Z)], lysoPC(16∶0), lysoPC[18∶1(9Z)], stearic acid, lysoPC(15∶0), and palmitic acid(P<0.05). The intervention effect of Chloriti Lapis group was better than that of aminophylline group. Analysis of metabolic pathways showed that there were 8 possible metabolic pathways that could be affected, and three of the most important metabolic pathways(pathway impact>0.1) were involved: linoleic acid metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and sphingolipid metabolism. Chloriti Lapis had obvious intervention effects on lung tissue-related metabolites and metabolic pathways in rats with AECOPD, and the effect was better than that of aminophyllinne.


Subject(s)
Animals , Lung , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Metabolomics , Minerals , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Rats
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888023

ABSTRACT

The effects of Chloriti Lapis on metal elements in plasma and lung tissue of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease( AECOPD) rats were studied. The rat AECOPD model with phlegm heat syndrome was established by smoking combined with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection. After the rats were treated by Chloriti Lapis,the contents of metal elements in plasma and lung tissue were determined by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy( ICP-OES) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry( ICP-MS). The changes in the contents of metal elements were analyzed by SPSS 18. 0. Further,the correlations of differential metal elements( including Cu/Zn ratio) with differential metabolites in plasma,lung tissue and urine of AECOPD rats treated with Chloriti Lapis were analyzed. The results showed that Chloriti Lapis significantly up-regulated the contents of Fe,Al,Mn,Cu,Zn,Sn( P<0. 05),V,Co( P< 0. 01) and Cu/Zn ratio( P< 0. 05),and significantly down-regulated the contents of Ti( P< 0. 05)and Pb( P<0. 05) in the model rat plasma. It significantly increased the content of Be( P<0. 05) and decreased the contents of Mg,Ti and Al( P<0. 01) in model rat lung tissue. The element profiles of normal group,model group and Chloriti Lapis group can be well separated. Chloriti Lapis group and other groups were clustered into two categories. The taurine in plasma and phytosphingosine in lung tissue had the strongest correlations with differential metal elements. The Fe,Al,Mg,Be,Ti,V,Mn,Cu,Zn,Sn,and Co in Chloriti Lapis may directly or indirectly participate in the intervention of AECOPD rats. This group of metal elements may be the material basis of Chloriti Lapis acting on AECOPD rats,and reduce the Cu/Zn value in vivo. It was further confirmed that Chloriti Lapis could interfere with the metabolic pathways of taurine and hypotaurine in plasma and urine as well as the sphingolipid metabolism pathway in lung tissue of AECOPD rats. In addition,this study confirmed that long-term smoking can cause high-concentration Cd accumulation in the lung and damage the lung tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Lung , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Minerals , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Rats , Spectrum Analysis , Trace Elements/analysis
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921704

ABSTRACT

The present study evaluates different processing and drying methods and investigates their effects on the chemical components in Paeoniae Radix Alba via content determination. The fresh medicinal materials of Paeoniae Radix Alba collected from Bozhou of Anhui province were processed(boiled and peeled) and dried(hot air-dried, infrared-dried, and microwave-dried) at different temperatures(40, 50, 60 and 70 ℃), and the 11 components(monoterpene glycosides, polyphenols, tannin, and benzoic acid) in Paeoniae Radix Alba were determined by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to triple quadrupole with electrospray tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-TQ-MS). Then the compounds in processed and dried samples were analyzed by partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA), and the contribution rates of differential components were evaluated by variable important in projection(VIP). The results indicated that the samples obtained by different processing and drying methods could be distinguished. Albiflorin, gallic acid, 1,2,3,4,6-pentakis-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose, and benzoic acid were the common differential components in boiled Paeoniae Radix Alba. Benzoic acid was the common differential component in peeled Paeoniae Radix Alba. Gallic acid was the common differential component in Paeoniae Radix Alba dried by different methods. The samples could not be distinguished after drying at different temperatures due to the lack of common differential components. This study is expected to provide a reference for the selection of processing and drying methods and the optimization of processing parameters.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Paeonia , Plant Extracts , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879134

ABSTRACT

This study is to clarify the composition and content differences of water-soluble nutrients in Lycium barbarum leaves(LBLs) from different areas. The total polysaccharides, free monosaccharides and oligosaccharides, nucleosides and amino acids in 35 batches of LBLs were analyzed with use of spectrophotometry, HPLC-ELSD and UPLC-MS/MS. The results showed that LBLs contained abundant polysaccharides, fructose, glucose, sucrose and maltose, with an average contents of 39.07, 12.69, 8.99, 17.44, 8.32 mg·g~(-1), respectively. Besides, eight nucleosides and twelve amino acids were detected in LBLs, and their average total contents were 54.95, 336.9 μg·g~(-1). Principal component analysis(PCA) and partial least squares discrimination analysis(PLS-DA) of carbohydrate, nucleoside and amino acid showed that the water-soluble nutrients of the samples from Qinghai Province were significantly different from those from other areas mainly in asparagine, proline, glutamine, sucrose, adenine and guanosine. In this study, the compositions and contents of water-soluble nutrients in LBLs were preliminarily clarified, which provided basis for further development and utilization of LBLs resoures.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Lycium , Nutrients , Plant Leaves , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Water
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878975

ABSTRACT

Liver is the main place of drug metabolism. Mitochondria of hepatocytes are important targets of drug-induced liver injury. Mitochondrial autophagy could maintain the healthy operation of mitochondria in cells and the stable proliferation of cells. Therefore, the use of mitochondrial autophagy to remove damaged mitochondria is an important strategy of anti-drug-induced liver injury. Active ingredients that could enhance mitochondrial autophagy are contained in many traditional Chinese medicines, which could regulate the mitochondrial autophagy to alleviate relevant diseases. However, there are only a few reports on how to accurately and efficiently identify and evaluate such components targeting mitochondria from traditional Chinese medicine. Liquid chromatography-mass spectro-metry(LC-MS) combined with serum pharmacology in vivo can be used to accurately and efficiently find active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine acting on mitochondrial targets. This paper reviewed the research ideas and methods of traditional Chinese medicine ingredients for increasing the hepatotoxicity of mitochondrial autophagy, in order to provide new ideas and methods for the study of active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine targeting mitochondria.


Subject(s)
Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/toxicity , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mitochondria
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872958

ABSTRACT

Objective::To establish the HPLC fingerprint of carbonized ginger and to determine the contents of zingerone, 6-gingerol, 6-shogaol, 10-gingerol, 8-shogaol and 10-shogaol with quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker (QAMS). Method::The fingerprint of carbonized ginger was established by HPLC. All samples were analyzed by Waters SymmetryShield™ RP18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with gradient elution by acetonitrile(A)-water(B) (0-30 min, 25%-70%A; 30-50 min, 70%-90%A; 50-60 min, 90%A), the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1, the detection wavelength was set at 240 nm and the column temperature was 30 ℃. Zingerone, 6-gingerol, 8-gingerol, 6-shogaol, 10-gingerol, 8-shogaol and 10-shogaol was chosen as marker ingredients to establish HPLC fingerprint of carbonized ginger decoction pieces. Taking 6-gingerol as internal reference standard, the contents of zingerone, 6-shogaol, 10-gingerol, 8-shogaol and 10-shogaol were determined at the detection wavelength of 220 nm and 280 nm according to the relative correction factor. Result::The HPLC fingerprint of carbonized ginger was obtained and 10 common peaks were designated, and 7 of them were identified as zingerone, 6-gingerol, 8-gingerol, 6-shogaol, 10-gingerol, 8-shogaol and 10-shogaol, respectively. And there were no significant differences between the quantitative results of external standard method and QAMS. It is suggested that the content limits of carbonized ginger should be not less than 0.020%of zingerone (C11H14O3), 0.050%of 6-gingerol (C17H26O4), 0.120%of 6-shogaol (C17H24O3), 0.080%of 10-gingerol (C21H34O4), 0.030%of 8-shogaol (C19H28O3) and 0.050%of 10-shogaol (C21H32O3) calculated with reference to the dried products, respectively. Conclusion::The developed method is accurate and feasible, which can provide a simple and effective method for the quality control of carbonized ginger.

15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1356-1359, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867392

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the value of color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) in evaluating effects of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for breast cancer.Methods:100 patients with breast cancer who underwent surgery after NAC in Cancer Hospital of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from January 2018 to April 2019 were selected for retrospective analysis. According to effects of chemotherapy, they were divided into effective group and ineffective group. The changes in lesion size, ultrasound findings, grade of blood flow in lesions, resistance index (RI) and peak systolic velocity (PSV) before and after NAC were compared between the two groups.Results:The length, width, thickness and volume of masses in effective group after NAC [(2.03±0.24)cm, (1.69±0.24)cm, (1.06±0.14)cm, (3.64±0.39)cm 3] were smaller than those before NAC [(3.40±0.36)cm, (2.35± 0.26)cm, (1.78±0.19)cm, (14.24±1.53)cm 3] and those in ineffective group after NAC [(3.31±0.34)cm, (2.36±0.27)cm, (1.76±0.19)cm, (14.19±1.42)cm 3] ( P<0.05). After NAC, the the proportion of regular shape, clear boundary, more internal echo, and no abnormal posterior echo in effective group was statistically significant ( P<0.05), but there was no significant change in the ineffective group ( P>0.05). The proportion of clear boundary and excessive internal echo in the effective group was higher than that in the ineffective group ( P<0.05); the blood flow grade of the effective group after NAC was lower than that of the ineffective group ( P<0.05) After NAC, the RI (0.54±0.06) in effective group was lower than that in ineffective group (0.65±0.08) ( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in PSV between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The value of CDFI is high in evaluating NAC effect on patients with breast cancer. It can effectively measure and judge lesion size and blood flow changes, and provide basis for clinical curative effect evaluation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of behavior intervention on patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease recurrence, carotid artery stenosis recurrence, and quality of life after carotid artery stenting implantation.Methods:Sixty patients with carotid stenosis who underwent stenting surgery between January 2017 and July 2018 in Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University were recruited.The subjects were randomly divided into behavioral intervention group and control group.The control group was routinely followed up after carotid artery stenting implantation.The behavioral intervention group added home visit, education, guidance of the control and detection of risk factors for cerebrovascular disease of stent implantation.Results:After 12 months of intervention, the incidence of ischemic cerebrovascular disease and the recurrence rate of carotid restenosis in the behavioral intervention group(6.7%, 3.3%) were significantly lower than those in the control group(30.0%, 20.0%) (both P<0.05). Six months after the intervention and 12 months after the intervention, the self-management ability score (intervention group: six months after the intervention (171.20±18.43), 12 months after the intervention (179.90±14.34); control group: six months after the intervention (160.77±13.43); 12 months after the intervention (164.27±14.85)) and quality of SS-QOL score (intervention group: 6 months after intervention (188.47±16.25), 12 months after intervention (203.17±13.84); control group: 6 months after intervention (170.67±15.82); 12 months after intervention (183.80±18.19)of the intervention group were higher than that of the control group, the difference is statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Behavioral intervention after carotid artery stenting implantation can effectively reduce the incidence of stroke and the recurrence rate of carotid stenosis and improve the prognosis of patients.The mechanism may be related with that the behavioral intervention can improve the self-management ability and the quality of life of patients with carotid stenosis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864249

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the phenotype, genotype and clinical course of centronuclear myopathy(CNM) in children.Methods:Clinical data of patients with CNM in the Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital from October 2008 to December 2018 were collected.The clinical, pathological and genetic data of 9 children with CNM were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were followed up from 8 months to 8.6 years [(4.4±3.1) years].Results:(1)Clinical phenotype: there were 6 males and 3 females with onset age ranging from 1 d to 10 years.Generalized muscle weakness or motor retardation was the main complaint in 8 cases, while elevated muscle enzymes presented in 1 case.Varying degrees of skeletal muscle weakness were noted on examination in all patients, with facial muscle involvement in 4 cases.Six patients were followed up.No deterioration in motor function was noted, while 2 patients had improvement.There was no significant cardiac involvement in all 6 patients.Scoliosis occurred in 4 patients.Restrictive ventilator disorder developed in 2 out of the 5 patients who underwent pulmonary function tests.(2)Genotype: 8 out of 9 patients underwent gene test, confirmed gene diagnosis in 4 patients including: DNM2 gene (c.1856C>T, c.1893+ 1G>A was novel) de novo heterozygous mutation in 2 cases, RYR1 gene (c.2044C>G, c.6823G>A, both were novel) compound heterozygous mutation in 1 case, and TTN gene (c.107377+ 1G>A, c.2106_2107 insAAGCTGTA was novel) compound heterozygous mutation in 1 case. Conclusions:The course of centronuclear myopathy is relatively static, with more frequent involvement of facial muscles than myocardium.This study enriched the gene mutation spectrum of centronuclear myopathy (4 novel mutations).

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846183

ABSTRACT

Objective: A method was established to obtain fingerprint and determination of ninecomponents in rhubarb based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography photodiode array detection (UPLC-PDA), and 17 batches of rhubarb from different regions, different varieties and different growth years were analyzed. Methods: A ThermoSyncronis C18 column (100 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.7μm) was used with a gradient of acetonitrile (A)-0.1% formic acid (B) as a mobile phase. Fingerprint data was imported intoSIMCA-P 14.1 software for cluster analysis and principal component analysis. At the same time, a total of ninecomponents including sennoside B, rhein-8-O-β-D-glucoside, sennoside A, emodin-8-O-β-D-glucoside, aloe-emodin, rhein, emodin, chrysophanol, physcion were quantitatively analyzed. Results: 20 common peaks were found in the fingerprints of 17 batches of rhubarb, and 9 peaks were identified by standard compounds. Cluster analysis and principal component analysis showed that Rheum tanguticumwas similar to Rheum officinaleand could be distinguished with Rheum palmatumwell. Fouryears and fiveyears of R. tanguticum could not be distinguished, oneyear and twoyears of R.palmatumcould not be distinguished neither. The determination of the indicator components showed thatR. tanguticum was higher than the other two kinds of rhubarb; Fouryears of R. tanguticum was better than five years, and twoyears of R.palmatumwas better than oneyear. Conclusion: This method established rhubarb fingerprint combined with multi-component determination based on UPLC-PDA technology could quickly, scientifically and accurately distinguish rhubarb of different origins. The preliminary evaluation of the rhubarb in different years and a basis for distinguishing the source of rhubarb was also provided.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901411

ABSTRACT

Currently, the systems for culturing buffalo spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) in vitro are varied, and their effects are still inconclusive. In this study, we compared the effects of culture systems with undefined (foetal bovine serum) and defined (KnockOut Serum Replacement) materials on the in vitro culture of buffalo SSC-like cells. Significantly more DDX4- and UCHL1-positive cells (cultured for 2 days at passage 2) were observed in the defined materials culture system than in the undefined materials system (p < 0.01), and these cells were maintained for a longer period than those in the culture system with undefined materials (10 days vs. 6 days). Furthermore, NANOS2 (p < 0.05), DDX4 (p < 0.01) and UCHL1 (p < 0.05) were expressed at significantly higher levels in the culture system with defined materials than in that with undefined materials. Induction with retinoic acid was used to verify that the cultured cells maintained SSC characteristics, revealing an SCP3⁺ subset in the cells cultured in the defined materials system. The expression levels of Stra8 (p < 0.05) and Rec8 (p < 0.01) were significantly increased, and the expression levels of ZBTB16 (p < 0.01) and DDX4 (p < 0.05) were significantly decreased. These findings provided a clearer research platform for exploring the mechanism of buffalo SSCs in vitro.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893707

ABSTRACT

Currently, the systems for culturing buffalo spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) in vitro are varied, and their effects are still inconclusive. In this study, we compared the effects of culture systems with undefined (foetal bovine serum) and defined (KnockOut Serum Replacement) materials on the in vitro culture of buffalo SSC-like cells. Significantly more DDX4- and UCHL1-positive cells (cultured for 2 days at passage 2) were observed in the defined materials culture system than in the undefined materials system (p < 0.01), and these cells were maintained for a longer period than those in the culture system with undefined materials (10 days vs. 6 days). Furthermore, NANOS2 (p < 0.05), DDX4 (p < 0.01) and UCHL1 (p < 0.05) were expressed at significantly higher levels in the culture system with defined materials than in that with undefined materials. Induction with retinoic acid was used to verify that the cultured cells maintained SSC characteristics, revealing an SCP3⁺ subset in the cells cultured in the defined materials system. The expression levels of Stra8 (p < 0.05) and Rec8 (p < 0.01) were significantly increased, and the expression levels of ZBTB16 (p < 0.01) and DDX4 (p < 0.05) were significantly decreased. These findings provided a clearer research platform for exploring the mechanism of buffalo SSCs in vitro.

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