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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 364-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922921

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to study the effect of small molecule compound piceatannol (PIC) on host inflammation in adenine induced chronic kidney disease (CKD) mice, and then to explore its mechanism based on the regulation of gut microbiota. All procedures were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of the Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. The level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); UPLC-TQ/MS technology was used to monitor the level of proinflammatory uremic toxin indoxyl sulfate (IS) and p-cresol sulfate (PCS); the expression of occludin was tested by Western blot; in vitro anaerobic culture of gut bacteria was used to produce indole; the abundance of gut microbiota was evaluated by 16S rDNA sequencing. The results showed that PIC had no effect on inflammatory infiltration in kidney tissue of CKD mice, but could decrease IL-6 level in blood and IL-6/TNF-α level in colon tissue. PIC did not improve intestinal occludin protein expression in CKD mice; while it could significantly reduce the levels of IS and PCS in blood and liver of CKD mice. Further mechanism studies showed that PIC could inhibit the synthesis of IS precursor indole in gut bacteria. Moreover, PIC could decrease the abundance of gut bacteria which producing uremic toxin, such as reducing the abundance of indole and p-cresol producing gut bacteria. In conclusion, PIC could regulate gut microbiota and inhibit the synthesis of uremic toxin precursor, thereafter reducing the accumulation of IS and PCS in vivo, ultimately relieving the inflammation of CKD mice.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888652

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effects and mechanism of Chinese herbal compound Tongxinluo Capsule (, TXL) on the Parkin-mediated mitophagy and the ubiquitin-proteasome system in a rat model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI).@*METHODS@#Seventy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 7 groups: sham group, MIRI group, low- and high-dose TXL (0.5 and 1 g·kg@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham group, the MIRI group exhibited a larger infarcted area (27.13%±0.01%, P<0.01), a higher apoptotic index (34.33%±2.03% vs.1.81%±0.03%, P<0.01), and higher cTnI expression (14.18±1.01 vs. 7.96±0.32, P<0.01). The mitochondrial integrity was damaged in the MIRI group, while TXL and ATV alleviated the damage of MIRI. More autophagosomes were observed in the high-dose TXL group than in the MIRI group (7.00±0.58 vs. 4.33±1.15, P<0.05). More amounts of PTEN-induced putative kinase protein 1 (PINK1) and Parkin translocated onto the mitochondria were detected in the high-dose TXL group than in the MIRI group (P<0.05). The ubiquitin response was signifificantly downregulated in the high-dose TXL group relative to the MIRI group (P<0.05). CQ administration abolished the activation of autophagy flux and the PINK1/ Parkin pathway induced by high-dose of TXL.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TXL ameliorates MIRI via activating Parkin-mediated mitophagy in rats. The downregulation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system is also involved.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1720-1725, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887614

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Geriatric hip fracture patients receiving clopidogrel are a surgical challenge. In China, most of these patients undergo delayed surgical treatment after clopidogrel withdrawal for at least 5 to 7 days. However, delayed surgery is associated with increased complications and mortality in the older adults. This retrospective paralleled comparison study investigated the safety of early surgery for geriatric hip fracture patients within 5 days of clopidogrel withdrawal.@*METHODS@#Acute hip fracture patients (≥65 years) who were hospitalized in the orthogeriatric co-management ward of Beijing Jishuitan Hospital between November 2016 and April 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Sixty patients taking clopidogrel before injury and discontinued  0.050). The percentages of patients with coronary heart disease (61.7% vs. 18.3%; P  0.050). There was no significant difference in perioperative complications, and 30-day and 1-year mortality rates between the groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early hip fracture surgery is safe for elderly patients within 5 days of clopidogrel withdrawal, without increased perioperative blood loss, transfusion requirement, complications, and mortality compared with patients not taking antiplatelet drugs.


Subject(s)
Aged , Case-Control Studies , Clopidogrel/therapeutic use , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Ticlopidine/adverse effects
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887494

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the bidirectional regulation of acupuncture based on a subgroup analysis of multicenter randomized controlled trial of acupuncture with @*METHODS@#A total of 519 patients were included in the analysis, including 137 patients with constipation type irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) (92 cases in the acupuncture group and 45 cases in the polyethylene glycol [PEG] group), and 382 patients with diarrhea type irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) (252 cases in the acupuncture group and 130 cases in the pinaverium group). The patients in the acupuncture group were given acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 29), Tianshu (ST 25), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Taichong (LR 3) once every other day, 3 times a week. The patients in the PEG group received polyethylene glycol 4000 powder orally, and the pinaverium group received pinaverium bromide tablets orally. All were treated for 6 weeks. The IBS symptom severity score (IBS-SSS) was assessed at baseline, treatment period (2, 4, 6 weeks of treatment) and 12 weeks of follow-up, and the IBS quality of life (IBS-QOL) score was evaluated at the baseline period, 6 weeks of treatment and 12 weeks of follow-up.@*RESULTS@#The total IBS-SSS scores of the two groups of IBS-C patients at 2, 4, 6 weeks of treatment and follow-up of 12 weeks were lower than those in the baseline period (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture with


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Diarrhea , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884772

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the accuracy of visual qualitative assessment and semi-quantitative analysis for 18F-florbetaben ( 18F-FBB) β-amyloid (Aβ) imaging in the diagnosis of Alzheimer′s disease (AD) and to explore their clinical application value. Methods:From January 2019 to October 2019, 17 patients (8 males, 9 females, age (74.1±8.5) years) with mild/moderate-stage clinically probable AD and 17 cognitive normal control (NC; 9 males, 8 females, age (64.5±6.3) years) were prospectively enrolled in this study. All patients underwent dynamic 18F-FBB PET/CT brain imaging in the Chinese PLA General Hospital. Visual qualitative assessment and semi-quantitative analysis methods were used to analyze PET brain imaging results. The difference of standardized uptake value ratio (SUVR) between the two methods was analyzed by using independent sample t test. The consistency of the two methods and clinical results was analyzed by Kappa test. The cut-off value of SUVR for the diagnosis of AD was determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of visual qualitative assessment to diagnose AD were 14/17, 16/17 and 88.2% (30/34). The global SUVR of NC and AD group were 1.09±0.85 and 1.75±0.25 ( t=-10.263, P<0.001), and the composite SUVR were 1.16±0.57 and 1.89±0.15 ( t=-10.789, P<0.001), respectively. The cut-off value of SUVR for the diagnosis of AD was 1.47, with the sensitivity of 15/17, the specificity of 16/17 and the accuracy of 91.2%(31/34). The visual qualitative assessment and semi-quantitative analysis had good consistency with clinical diagnosis results with Kappa value of 0.765 and 0.824 respectively (both P<0.001). Conclusion:The visual qualitative assessment and semi-quantitative analysis methods used in 18F-FBB Aβ imaging to diagnose AD patients show high accuracy and can provide effective value for clinical diagnosis, but the visual qualitative assessment method is concise and easy to grasp, which is worth further promotion and use in clinical.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882830

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of miR-151a-3p in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of children with lupus nephritis (LN) and its correlation with activity and vascular damage.Methods:A total of 87 children with LN admitted in Hainan Women and Children′s Medical Center from January 2016 to March 2019 were enrolled, including 16 cases of type Ⅱ, 14 cases of type Ⅲ, 34 cases of type Ⅳ, 17 cases of type Ⅴ and 6 cases of type Ⅵ.Besides, additional 40 children with normal physical examination were selected as the healthy control group.The 87 children with LN were divided into the LN stable group (31 cases) and LN active group (56 cases) by using systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) scores.According to different proportions of the medium membrane, the patients were classified into the mild group (25 cases), moderate group (34 cases) and severe group (28 cases). Real time quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to detect the expression level of miR-151a-3p in PBMCs of each group.The correlation of the expression level of miR-151a-3p in PBMCs of LN children with the SLEDAI score and renal interstitial damage score was studied by Pearson correlation analysis. Results:The expression levels of miR-151a-3p in the LN group, LN active group and LN stable group (0.47 ± 0.06, 0.30 ± 0.04, and 0.75±0.12, respectively) were significantly lower than that in the healthy control group (1.62±0.35) (all P<0.01), and the expression level of miR-151a-3p in the LN active group (0.30±0.04) was significantly lower than that in the LN stable group (0.75±0.12) ( P< 0.01). The SLEDAI score [(14.35±4.60) points vs.(8.25±2.24) points] and renal interstitial damage score [(52.70±6.30) points vs.(34.80±4.10) points] in the LN active group were significantly higher than those in the LN stable group (all P<0.01). The expression levels of miR-151a-3p (0.18±0.02, 0.41±0.05 vs.0.83±0.16) in type Ⅴ-Ⅵ and type Ⅳ groups were significantly lower than that in the type Ⅱ-Ⅲ group (all P<0.01). The SLEDAI scores [(16.50±5.28) points, (12.36±3.74) points vs.(6.40±1.70) points] and renal interstitial damage scores [(62.70±7.40) points, (47.20±5.80) points vs.(25.80±3.50) points] in type Ⅴ-Ⅵ and type Ⅳ groups were significantly higher than those in the type Ⅱ-Ⅲ group (all P< 0.01). The expression levels of miR-151a-3p (0.20±0.02, 0.39±0.04, 0.86±0.18 vs.1.62±0.35) in severe, moderate and mild groups were significantly lower than that in the healthy control group (all P<0.01), and the expression level of miR-151a-3p decreased with the aggravation of vascular damage.The SLEDAI scores [(15.20±5.10) points, (12.85±3.90) points vs.(6.70±1.82) points] and renal interstitial damage scores [(57.30±6.80) points, (51.60±6.30) points vs.(27.20±3.60) points] in the severe and moderate groups were significantly higher than those in the mild group (all P<0.01). The expression level of miR-151a-3p in LN children was negatively correlated with the SLEDAI score and renal interstitial damage score ( r=-0.682, -0.627, all P<0.001). Conclusions:The expression level of miR-151a-3p in PBMCs of LN children is significantly decreased.The declined miR-151a-3p level is closely related to disease activity and vascular damage, and may be involved in the occurrence and development of LN.

7.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 115-117, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881983

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the serological positive results of brucellosis and its clinical manifestations in the key occupational population in Baotou City. METHODS: A total of 9 937 individuals from eight districts who were engaged in livestock breeding, grazing, slaughtering, processing, and selling from 2018 to 2019 in Baotou City were selected as the study subjects by a cluster sampling method. Blood samples were collected and serological tests of brucellosis were performed. The demographic characteristics and clinical manifestations of these subjects were investigated by a questionnaire. RESULTS: The seropositive rate of brucellosis in the study subjects was 2.7%(273/9 937). The average age of the individuals with serological positive reaction of brucellosis was(44±13) years. The seropositive rate of brucellosis was higher in males than females(4.8% vs 1.2%, P<0.05). In the brucellosis seropositive population, the regional distribution was the highest in Damao Qi district and the lowest in Qingshan district; the mainly occupation distribution was farmers, herdsmen and workers in beef and mutton processing plants. The exposure ways were mainly slaughtering animals and delivering lambs. The main clinical manifestations were fatigue(54.2%), followed by fever(48.7%). CONCLUSION: The characteristics of brucellosis serological positive reaction are young age, males, and farmers and herdsmen in key occupational group in Baotou City. The prevention and control of brucellosis should be focused on young male farmers and herdsmen engaged in slaughtering animals and delivering lambs.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 893-897, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881394

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the distribution of uncorrected visual acuity in children and adolescents aged 3-18 years with relative safe refractive range, and to develop the growth curve and reference range of uncorrected visual acuity in children and adolescents of different ages, so as to provide reference for formulating the referral threshold for myopia screening practice.@*Methods@#Using cluster sampling method, 9 146 children and adolescents aged 3-18 years old in Shanghai were selected for uncorrected visual acuity, cycloplegic refraction, slit lamp and other ophthalmic examinations, and the percentiles and growth curve of uncorrected visual acuity of children and adolescents in the relative safe refractive range were fitted by LMS method. Besides, the area under the ROC curve and the sensitivity and specificity of different cut-off values were analyzed.@*Results@#The uncorrected visual acuity was skewed, with a median of 4.8. There were 4 675 individuals with safe refraction, the median of uncorrected visual acuity in which was 4.9. The LMS curve showed that the uncorrected visual acuity increased with age in the lower age group, and gradually stabilized to the best level at the age of 6-10. P 50 was 4.8 in 3-4 years old, 4.9 in 5-8 years old, 5.0 in 9 years old and above. The area under ROC curve of uncorrected visual acuity predicting refractive abnormality increased with age, with the lowest value of 0.55(95%CI=0.50-0.61) at 3 years old and the highest value of 0.95 (95%CI=0.94-0.96) at 12-18 years old. The Youden index was the highest for P25 at 3-6 years old, and the highest for P 10 at 7 years old and above. With the increase of the cut off value, the sensitivity increased and the specificity decreased.@*Conclusion@#The uncorrected visual acuity increases gradually with age, and reaches the best level after 6-10 years old. The screening effect of uncorrected visual acuity predicting refractive abnormality increased with age. It is suggested that the referral threshold of children and adolescents with abnormal uncorrected visual acuity should be set according to their ages, and P 25-P 75 can be selected according to the screening purposes.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905187

ABSTRACT

Objective:To sort out the assistive device social security policy of Japan. Methods:The assistive devices social security policy for the older adults and the disabled in Japan was summarized in term of four dimensions: who, what, how to deliver and how to fund. Results:Japanese assistive device social security policy covered most of disabled groups according to the legal protections, delivering a variety of assistive devices products and services. Meanwhile, it has tried to avoid over expenditure through ways of lump-sum control, unit price and quantity control, users self-pay and strict evaluation system. For the service delivery system, the evaluators were strictly neutral, while the providers were in market. The funding came from user-payments, public finance and insurances, etc. Conclusion:Japan has established a mature social security policy system and service system for assistive devices, which can be used as a reference for China.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905138

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of compression garment combined with orthosis for central face on facial burn scar to compression garment and 3D compression mask. Methods:From September, 2016 to June, 2019, 38 facial burn scar patients received compression therapy in Department of Burns and Cutaneous Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University. According to their preference, they wore compression garment only (CG group, n = 15), compression garment and orthosis for central face (CO group, n = 17) and 3D compression mask (3D group, n = 6) for a year. The facial scar was assessed with Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) before and after treatment, and the comfort and medical cost was investigated with questionnaire. Results:The VSS score decreased after treatment in all the groups (F = 18.49, P < 0.05), while the VSS score was higher in CG group than in CO group (1.717 points, 95%CI 0.925 to 2.482, P < 0.001) and 3D group (1.782 points, 95%CI 0.738 to 2.827, P < 0.001), the difference was less between CO group and 3D group (0.065 points, 95%CI -0.957 to 1.088, P = 1.000). The comfort rate was 60%, 52.9% and 66.7% for CG group, CO group and 3D group, respectively, with no significant difference (P > 0.05). The medical cost was the most for 3D group (12 000 to 16 000 Yuan), and similar for CG group (3000 to 4800 Yuan) and CO group (3300 to 5300 Yuan). Conclusion:Compression garment combined with orthosis for central face is more effective on facial burn scar, similar to 3D compression mask, but cheaper than 3D mask, which can be a choice for facial scar patients in developing areas.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904483

ABSTRACT

Objective:To obtain the temporal and spatial trends on prostate cancer mortality in China from 2004 to 2018. Methods:The data of prostate cancer mortality was collected from 605 national disease surveillance sites and age-standardized according to the demographic structure of China in 2000. The crude mortality rate (CMR) and age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR), and the ratio of ASMRs of rural to urban areas(RR), were calculated to analyze the distributions of the mortality of prostate cancer stratified by age, sex, region (rural/urban areas, eastern/central/western areas) or time. Results:The temporal trend on the CMR of prostate cancer from 2004 to 2018 increased significantly (APC=5.23%,P<0.001), whereas the trend on the ASMR did not change (APC=0.65%,P=0.336). The ASMR of urban areas was higher than that of rural areas(P<0.05). The temporal trend on the ASMR of urban or rural did not change(P>0.05). The same trend was detected for the RR value (P>0.05). The ASMR of eastern urban areas was higher than that of the central or the western urban areas. The ASMR of eastern rural areas was higher than that of central and western areas. In the eastern areas, both the temporal trends for the ASMRs of the urban and the rural increased (The urban: APC=1.6%, P=0.015; the rural: APC=1.02%, P=0.013). However, the RR values for the East, the Center or the West did not change. The ASMR of the people over 60 years old was higher than that of the people under 60 years old. However, the temporal trends on the ASMRs of the group under 60 years old or the group over 60 years did not change (P>0.05). The ASMR of the people under 60 years old in 2018 was significantly lower than that in 2004(P=0.004). Conclusion:A significant correlation exists between the death of prostate cancer and age. The mortality of prostate cancer in urban is higher than that in rural. The current screening strategy for prostate cancer has a limited impact on the prognosis of prostate cancer patients in China. Stratified refinement of prostate cancer screening strategies for people aged over 60 years in urban areas and the causal prophylaxis of prostate cancer are priorities for future prostate cancer prevention and control.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904481

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze bladder cancer mortality in China from 2004 to 2018. Methods:The dataset of bladder cancer mortality from 2004 to 2018, based on 605 national surveillance sites and regularly published by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, was collected and age-standardized according to the demographic structure of China in 2000. The crude mortality rate (CMR), the age-standard mortality rate (ASMR), and the ratio of ASMRs of rural to urban areas(RR)were calculated to analyze the distributions of the mortality of bladder cancer stratified by age, sex, region (rural/urban areas, eastern/central/western areas) or time. Results:The CMR of bladder cancer in China from 2004 to 2018 was 1.69/105, and the ASMR was 1.09/105. The temporal trend on the CMR of bladder cancer from 2004 to 2018 increased significantly (APC=2.91%,P<0.001), whereas the trend on the ASMR decreased a little (APC=-1.29,P=0.008). The temporal trend on the CMR of bladder cancer in the males increased (APC=3.29%,P<0.001), whereas the trend on the ASMR did not change. The temporal trend on the CMR of bladder cancer in the female increased (APC=2.12%,P<0.001), whereas the trend on the ASMR decreased (APC=-1.94,P=0.008). Both the CMR and ASMR of urban areas were higher than those of rural areas (P<0.05). However, the temporal trend on the ASMR of bladder cancer in the urban decreased significantly (APC=-2.05%,P=0.002), mainly exhibited in eastern and western urban. The ASMR of eastern urban areas was higher than that of western urban areas. The temporal trend on the ASMR of bladder cancer in the rural did not change (P>0.05), and no differences in the ASMR were detected between eastern, central and western rural areas. The gaps between rural and urban areas in the eastern (P<0.001) or western (P=0.002) region reduced. Although the temporal trend on the ASMR in urban people over 40 years old decreased significantly, the ASMR of urban people over 60 years old was much higher than that of other age groups in the urban or any age groups in rural areas. Conclusion:The age group over 60 years old in the urban is the major target population for bladder cancer prevention and treatment. Screening, diagnosis and treatment for bladder cancer in rural should be strengthened.

13.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E596-E603, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904443

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a blast injury experimental model using a shock tube at lateral lying position of C57BL/6 mice, investigate biomechanical responses of macrophages/microglia cells in the heart, lung and brain tissues to mechanical damage by shock wave within 24 hours. Methods Shock tube was employed to generate a shock wave to C57BL/6 mice. Firstly, the weight changes of mice were measured at different time points after the shock. Then the cardiac, pulmonary and whole brain tissue samples were dissected after anesthesia. Pathological sections were stained with HE staining to detect structural damage; the TUNEL staining method was used to mark and count the proportion of dead cells in each tissue. Microglial cells were labeled with fluorescent antibody, while responses and changes of macrophages/microglia after shock loading were analyzed. Results The shock tube exerted 179 kPa overpressure shock wave upon sideway of the mouse, and lethal rate of the mouse was 3.33%. Compared with normal control group, the mice in experimental group had a significant weight loss within 24 hours after loading shock. Pathological sections showed rupture of lung tissues after shock, accompanied by alveolar protein deposition, pulmonary bulla and other diseases. Fluorescence staining showed that lung tissue was recruited and activated in a large amount within 24 hours. The proportion of dead cells cleared rebounded to normal level within 24 hours. The heart was highly tolerant to shock, and macrophages appeared near the large blood vessels. The brain showed unilateral aggregation of microglia due to the impact posture, mainly due to prolonged inflammation and a higher proportion of dead cells at the junction of gray and white matter. Conclusions A blast shock model at lateral lying position of the mouse was established. Within 24 hours, macrophages/microglia were recruited quickly to the injury site after being impacted, which mediated strong immune stress, and might participate in the immune response to trigger a second long-term inflammatory injury. The results of the study provide experimental basis for the evaluation of primary impact injury, such as dose-effect relationship and tissue damage difference.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880442

ABSTRACT

Electronic endoscope is one of the crucial tools for minimally invasive diagnosis and treatment. Along with the continuous development of clinical applications, conventional electronic endoscope has not been able to meet all the clinical requirements. In recent years, with the rapid development of the material, sensor and electronic technologies, electronic endoscope has attracted many researchers and companies' attention. Nowadays, because of being suitable for some special mobile medical scenes like field operations, natural calamities and hospital first aids, various portable electronic endoscopes have been developed and applied in clinic. The present study aims to give a review on portable electronic endoscopes development and clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Electronics , Endoscopes
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features and prognostic factors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement.@*METHODS@#A total of 108 children with B-cell ALL (B-ALL) were diagnosed and systematically treated according to Chinese Children's Leukemia Group (CCLG) -ALL 2008 in our hospital from January 2016 to December 2016. The 108 patients were divided into two groups according to the result of mutiplex polymerase chain reaction: group with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement and group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement. The ALL children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement were all treated by CCLG-ALL 2008 high-risk group (HR) regimens, and the ALL children in group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement received different intensity chemotherapy according to clinical risk classification.@*RESULTS@#Five (4 male and 1 female) out of 108 patients with B-ALL had P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement. In the 5 B-ALL patients with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement, the median age of the was 4 (2-6) years old and the median WBC count was 26.2 (2.46-525.1)×10@*CONCLUSION@#The early treatment response and prognosis of ALL children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement are worse, and more effective protocol is needed for this subtype patients.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Gene Rearrangement , Humans , Male , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Receptors, Cytokine/genetics , Receptors, Purinergic P2Y/genetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880046

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the risk factors, distribution of pathogenic strains and tolerance of pulmonary infection in patients with multiple myeloma(MM) during bortezomib chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 85 patients with multiple myeloma treated by bortezomib in our hospital from January 2015 to January 2019 was analyzed. The patients were divided into infection group and control group according to whether they were infected. The tolerance, pathogen distribution, and related risk factors were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Pulmonary infection rate was 55.29% in 85 MM patients. The proportions of the patients with anemia, neutropenia, and ECOG score ≥2 points in the infection group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). In this study, 30 strains of pathogenic bacteria were detected, with gram-negative bacteria accounting for 60%, gram-positive bacteria for 33.33%, fungi for 3.3% and tuberculosis bacteria for 3.3%. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, klebsiella pneumoniae, streptococcus pneumoniae, staphylococcus aureus accounted showed the highest proportion. Most of MM patients with pulmonary infection showed a heterprognosis after two weeks antibiotic treatment, while 3 patients died. About 30 percent of early deaths were due to pulmonary infections.@*CONCLUSION@#Anemia, neutropenia, ECOG score ≥2 points are the major clinical characteristics of the multiple myeloma patients with pulmonary infections. Pulmonary infection is an important cause of early death in patients with multiple myeloma. Pathogenic bacteria are mainly composed of gram-negative bacteria. Beta-lacta/ beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations or Carbapenems are effective empiric treatment for controlling the progression of pulmonary infection.


Subject(s)
Bortezomib , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Humans , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880042

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and monocyte/lymphocyte ratio (MLR) in the valuation prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 82 patients with initially diagnosed MM admitted to Gansu Provincial People's Hospital was analyzed retrospectively. NLR and MLR were calculated based on blood routine results respectively. The optimal cut-off point of NLR and MLR was determined according to the ROC curve, and the patients were divided into the high NLR/MLR group and the low NLR/MLR group. The general data, biochemical indicators and prognosis of the patients in each groups were compared respectively. The prognostic significance of the high NLR/MLR group and the low NLR/MLR group in patients between different treatment regimens and different clinical characteristics were analyzed. Risk stratification was designed based on NLR and high MLR as two risk factors, and the effect of risk factors, on the prognosis of MM patients were compared.@*RESULTS@#ROC curve analysis determined that the optimal cut-off point of NLR was 3.1 (sensitivity 75%, specificity 70.7%) and the optimal cut-off point of MLR was 0.34 (sensitivity 83.3%, specificity 53.4%). The lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and mean platelet volume (MPV) were correlated to NLR and MLR (P<0.05). There were no significant difference in age, sex, serum calcium (Ca), β @*CONCLUSION@#Elevated NLR and MLR are associated with poor prognosis in MM patients and may serve as the cost-effective and readily available prognostic biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Humans , Lymphocytes , Monocytes , Multiple Myeloma , Neutrophils , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880030

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect and safety of Chinese Children's Leukemia Group (CCLG)-ALL 2008 (high risk group) protocol in the treatment with childhood Mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 15 new diagnosed patients with MPAL treated in our hospital from January 2013 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, and received CCLG-ALL 2008 (high risk group) protocol chemotherapy.@*RESULTS@#One patient gave up treatment after diagnosed, and 14 children with MPAL after induction remission chemotherapy, 3 patients gave up, and 5 patients received consolidation chemotherapy, and 6 patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The complete remission (CR) rate was 85.7% at d33 of induction remission chemotherapy. The serious adverse event and treatment-related mortality (TRM) rate was 71.4% and 14.3%, respectively. The recurrence rate was 21.4% and the median time of relapse was 12(9.7-18.4) months. Except for 4 patients who gave up treatment, the 5-year event-free survival (EFS) rate in the other 11 patients was (54.5±15.0)%. The 5 years EFS of 4 patients who received consolidation chemotherapy was significantly lower than the 6 patients who received allo-HSCT after CR (25.0%±21.7% vs 83.3%±15.2%, P=0.033).@*CONCLUSION@#The CCLG-ALL2008 (for high-risk group) protocol in treatment of children with MPAL can get a high CR rate, but also with a high incidence of SAE. The patients received allo-HSCT after CR may have a good prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Phenotype , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879893

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence rate and risk factors for metabolic bone disease of prematurity (MBDP) in very low birth weight/extremely low birth weight (VLBW/ELBW) infants.@*METHODS@#The medical data of 61 786 neonates from multiple centers of China between September 1, 2013 and August 31, 2016 were retrospectively investigated, including 504 VLBW/ELBW preterm infants who met the inclusion criteria. Among the 504 infants, 108 infants diagnosed with MBDP were enrolled as the MBDP group and the remaining 396 infants were enrolled as the non-MBDP group. The two groups were compared in terms of general information of mothers and preterm infants, major diseases during hospitalization, nutritional support strategies, and other treatment conditions. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for MBDP.@*RESULTS@#The incidence rate of MBDP was 19.4% (88/452) in VLBW preterm infants and 38.5% (20/52) in ELBW preterm infants. The incidence rate of MBDP was 21.7% in preterm infants with a gestational age of < 32 weeks and 45.5% in those with a gestational age of < 28 weeks. The univariate analysis showed that compared with the non-MBDP group, the MBDP group had significantly lower gestational age and birth weight, a significantly longer length of hospital stay, and a significantly higher incidence rate of extrauterine growth retardation (@*CONCLUSIONS@#A lower gestational age, hypocalcemia, extrauterine growth retardation at discharge, and neonatal sepsis may be associated an increased risk of MBDP in VLBW/ELBW preterm infants. It is necessary to strengthen perinatal healthcare, avoid premature delivery, improve the awareness of the prevention and treatment of MBDP among neonatal pediatricians, and adopt positive and reasonable nutrition strategies and comprehensive management measures for preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879446

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate expression of Semaphorin 3A in rats after spinal cord injury and explore possible mechanism of inhibiting of axonal regeneration after SCI.@*METHODS@#Forty healthy female SD rats, 8 weeks old, weighing (210.00±9.88) g, were randomly divided into control group(20 rats in group A) and model group(20 rats in group B). In control group, removal of T@*RESULTS@#After a simple spinal cord transection injury, hemorrhagic necrosis, localized edema, neurodegeneration, necrosis, and cyst formation occurred in the injured area, and glial scar formation occurred in glial cells. Semaphorin 3A expression levels in control group was low in the gray matter area. There was no expression of Semaphorin 3A in the injured area of spinal cord injury in model group 3 days after operation. On the 14th day, the expression of Semaphorin 3A in the injured area of spinal cord injury increased significantly and was at a high level. On the 28th day, the expression of Semaphorin 3A was moderate. On the 42th day, the positive expression of Semaphorin 3A returned to normal level.@*CONCLUSION@#The increased expression of Semaphorin 3A after spinal cord injury may be one of the mechanisms that inhibit axonal regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Semaphorin-3A/genetics , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Injuries/genetics
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