Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 920
Filter
1.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 25-31, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015158

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse the analgesic effect and possible mechanism of panax notoginseng saponin (PNS) on mouse models of chronic inflammatory pain caused by complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA). Methods A total of 48 male C57BL/ 6J mice were divided randomly into four groups: normal saline control group (Ctrl), CFA group (CFA), CFA + PNS group (CFA+PNS), CFA + dexamethasone (DEX) group (CFA+DEX). Von Frey filaments were used to detect mechanical pain in mice. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the number and morphological changes of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) positive astrocytes. Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of GFAP, nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain(NOD)-like receptor thermal protein domain associated protein 3 (NLRP3), apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC), Caspase-1, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-18 in mice’s spinal cord segments in each group. Results Compared with the Ctrl group, mice in the CFA group showed a significant decrease in mechanical pain thresholds at day 1, day 3, day 5, day 7, and day 14. Additionally, there was a significant decrease in NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1, IL-1β and IL-18 in the spinal cord of the mice. PNS intervention could relieve mechanical pain and down-regulate the expressions of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1, IL-1β and IL-18 in the spinal cord of mice, with no significant difference compared with the CFA+DEX group. CFA group mice had significantly more GFAP positive cells in their posterior horns than Ctrl group mice, as measured by immunohistochemistry; PNS intervention decreased the number of GFAP positive cells in the posterior horn of the spinal cord in model mice;DEX had no effect on the number of GFAP positive cells in the dorsal horn of spinal cord. According to Western blotting results, GFAP expression in the spinal cord of the CFA group was significantly more than that of the Ctrl group; PNS intervention significantly reduced GFAP expression in the spinal cord of CFA group mice;DEX had no effect on the expression of GFAP in the posterior horn of spinal cord. Conclusion PNS has a good alleviating effect on inflammatory pain, and its mechanism may be related to inhibition of astrocyte activation and NLRP3 inflammasome activation.

2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0329, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407649

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction The standing long jump consists of four parts: pre-swing, take-off, flying, and landing. Objective Analyze the influence of gymnastics game fitness on standing long jump. Methods Eight kindergartens in a city were selected and divided into experimental and control groups. The children in the experimental group were intervened in gymnastics and game fitness modules. Each module was intervened in a rolling cycle in the morning and afternoon outdoor activities of children from June 1, 2021, to March 31, 2010, for nine months. Results During the intervention period, there was no significant difference between the experimental group and the control group (P > 0.05), but there was a significant difference between the experimental group and the girls before and after the experimental intervention (P < 0.05), while the difference between boys was not statistically significant, indicating that the range of ankle movement of girls was slightly more affected than boys during the fitness intervention. Conclusion With the increase in age and training time, the change range of joint angles of older children in the experimental group is significantly higher than that in the control group. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução O salto em distância horizontal consiste em quatro partes: corrida de aproximação, impulsão, voo e queda. Objetivo Estudar a influência da ginástica no salto em distância horizontal. Métodos Oito jardins de infância em uma cidade foram selecionados e divididos em um grupo experimental e um grupo de controle. As crianças do grupo experimental atuaram nos módulos de ginástica e de condicionamento físico. Cada módulo foi submetido a um ciclo contínuo de atividades ao ar livre de manhã e à tarde de atividades infantis, de 1º de junho de 2021 a 31 de março de 2010, por um total de 9 meses. Resultados Durante o período de intervenção, não houve diferença significativa entre o grupo experimental e o grupo controle (P > 0,05), mas houve diferença significativa entre o grupo experimental e as meninas antes e depois da intervenção experimental (P < 0,05), enquanto a diferença entre os meninos não foi estatisticamente significativa, indicando que a amplitude do movimento do tornozelo das meninas foi ligeiramente mais afetada do que a dos meninos durante a intervenção de condicionamento físico. Conclusão Com o aumento da idade e do tempo de treinamento, a faixa de variação do ângulo de articulação das crianças mais velhas no grupo experimental foi significativamente maior do que a do grupo de controle. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción El salto de longitud horizontal consta de cuatro partes: carrera de aproximación, impulsión, vuelo y caída. Objetivo Analizar la influencia de la gimnasia en el salto de longitud de pie. Métodos Se seleccionaron ocho guarderías de una ciudad y se dividieron en un grupo experimental y otro de control. Los niños del grupo experimental realizaron módulos de gimnasia y fitness. Cada módulo intervino en un ciclo continuo de actividades al aire libre por la mañana y por la tarde desde el 1 de junio de 2021 hasta el 31 de marzo de 2010, durante nueve meses. Resultados Durante el período de intervención, no hubo diferencias significativas entre el grupo experimental y el grupo de control (P > 0,05), pero sí entre el grupo experimental y las chicas antes y después de la intervención experimental (P < 0,05), mientras que la diferencia entre los chicos no fue estadísticamente significativa, lo que indica que la amplitud de movimiento del tobillo de las chicas se vio ligeramente más afectada que la de los chicos durante la intervención de acondicionamiento físico. Conclusión Al aumentar la edad y el tiempo de entrenamiento, el rango de variación de los ángulos articulares de los niños mayores del grupo experimental es significativamente mayor que el del grupo de control. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

3.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 727-731, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981660

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the research progress of the feasibility of a new treatment method for atrophic rhinitis (ATR) based on tissue engineering technology (seed cells, scaffold materials, and growth factors), and provide new ideas for the treatment of ATR.@*METHODS@#The literature related to ATR was extensively reviewed. Focusing on the three aspects of seed cells, scaffold materials, and growth factors, the recent research progress of ATR treatment was reviewed, and the future directions of tissue engineering technology to treat ATR were proposed.@*RESULTS@#The pathogenesis and etiology of ATR are still unclear, and the effectiveness of the current treatments are still unsatisfactory. The construction of a cell-scaffold complex with sustained and controlled release of exogenous cytokines is expected to reverse the pathological changes of ATR, promoting the regeneration of normal nasal mucosa and reconstructing the atrophic turbinate. In recent years, the research progress of exosomes, three-dimensional printing, and organoids will promote the development of tissue engineering technology for ATR.@*CONCLUSION@#Tissue engineering technology can provide a new treatment method for ATR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissue Engineering/methods , Tissue Scaffolds , Rhinitis, Atrophic , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Cytokines
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 447-453, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980743

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of needle-knife on the chondrocyte apoptosis of knee joint in rabbits with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) based on the CircSERPINE2-miR-1271-5P-E26 specific transformation-related gene (ERG) axis, and to explore the mechanism of needle-knife for KOA.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a needle-knife group and a sham needle-knife group, 9 rabbits in each group. The rabbits in the model group, the needle-knife group and the sham needle-knife group were treated with modified Videman method to prepare KOA model. After successful modeling, the rabbits in the needle-knife group were treated with needle-knife at cord adhesion and nodules near quadriceps femoris tendon and internal and external collateral ligament on the affected knee joint; the rabbits in the sham needle-knife group were treated with sham needle-knife baside the needle insertion point of the needle-knife group (needle-knife was only inserted, without any operation). The treatment was given once a week, 3 times in total. The Lequesne MG behavioral score was used to evaluate the knee joint damage in each group before and after intervention. After intervention, HE staining and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe the cartilage tissue morphology and ultrastructure of chondrocytes in the knee joint in each group; TUNEL method was used to detect the level of chondrocyte apoptosis in the knee joint; real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression of CircSERPINE2, miR-1271-5P and ERG mRNA in knee cartilage tissue in each group.@*RESULTS@#After intervention, compared with the normal group, the Lequesne MG behavioral score in the model group was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group and the sham needle-knife group, the Lequesne MG behavioral score in the needle-knife group was decreased (P<0.01). In the model group and the sham needle-knife group, the number of chondrocytes and organelles was decreased, the cell nucleus was shrunk, mitochondria was swelling or disappeared; in the needle-knife group, the number of chondrocytes and organelles was increased, the cell nucleus was not obviously shrunk and the mitochondria was not obviously swelling. Compared with the normal group, the level of chondrocyte apoptosis in the model group was increased (P<0.01); compared with the model group and the sham needle-knife group, the level of chondrocyte apoptosis in the needle-knife group was decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the normal group, the expression of CircSERPINE2 and ERG mRNA in the model group was decreased (P<0.01), and the expression of miR-1271-5P mRNA was increased (P<0.01); compared with the model group and the sham needle-knife group, the expression of CircSERPINE2 and ERG mRNA in the needle-knife group was increased (P<0.01), and the expression of miR-1271-5P mRNA was decreased (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Needle-knife could reduce the knee joint damage and chondrocyte apoptosis in KOA rabbits, which may be related to up-regulating the expression of CircSERPINE2 and ERG mRNA, and inhibiting the expression of miR-1271-5P mRNA.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Animals , Osteoarthritis, Knee/metabolism , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Knee Joint/surgery , Apoptosis , MicroRNAs/genetics
5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 427-431, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980740

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of bloodletting at auricular dorsal vein combined with auricular point sticking on menstrual migraine (MM) of qi stagnation and blood stasis, and explore its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 102 cases of MM with qi stagnation and blood stasis were randomly divided into an observation group (51 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (51 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the observation group were treated with bloodletting at auricular dorsal vein combined with auricular point sticking. The bloodletting was performed at vein at upper 1/3 of the dorsalis near the ear helix; the auricular point sticking was performed at Pizhixia (AT4), Neifenmi (CO18), Jiaogan (AH6a), Nie (AT2), Zhen (AT3), Shenmen (TF4) and Yidan (CO11). The auricular points of both ears were alternate used. From 7 days before the onset of menstruation, bloodletting at auricular dorsal vein was given once every 7 days, 3 times were taken as a course of treatment, and 1 course of treatment was given; the auricular point sticking was given once every 3 days, and 6 times of treatment were given. The patients in the control group were treated with oral administration of flunarizine hydrochloride capsules. From 7 days before the onset of menstruation, flunarizine hydrochloride was given 2 capsules per time, once a day for 3 weeks. The menstrual headache index and visual analogue scale (VAS) score of the two groups were observed before treatment, one menstrual cycle into treatment and the first and the second menstrual cycle after treatment; the migraine-specific quality of life questionnaire (MSQ) score and the serum levels of estradiol (E2) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) were compared before treatment and one menstrual cycle into treatment; the clinical efficacy was evaluated at one menstrual cycle into treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the menstrual headache index and VAS scores were reduced at one menstrual cycle into treatment and the first and second menstrual cycle after treatment in the two groups (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the MSQ scores and the serum levels of E2 and 5-HT in the two groups were increased at one menstrual cycle into treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were higher than the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 95.8% (46/48) in the observation group, which was higher than 73.5% (36/49) in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bloodletting at auricular dorsal vein combined with auricular point sticking could relieve headache intensity, improve the quality of life in patients with MM of qi stagnation and blood stasis, which may be achieved by raising the serum levels of E2 and 5-HT to improve the level of hormone in the body.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Acupuncture, Ear , Bloodletting , Serotonin , Capsules , Flunarizine , Qi , Quality of Life , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Headache/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Acupuncture Points
6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1708-1713, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978844

ABSTRACT

The incidence rate of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is increasing year by year China, and there is a gradual increase in disease burden among Chinese people. Oxidative stress response in hepatocytes is an important pathogenic mechanism of ALD. The nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signaling pathway is an important endogenous anti-oxidative stress pathway in the body, and Nrf2 is activated in response to oxidative stress and exerts its transcriptional activity to induce high HO-1 expression. HO-1 is an important oxidative stress response protein and plays a role in anti-inflammation, anti- oxidation, and cell apoptosis regulation together with heme hydrolysis products (bilirubin, carbon monoxide, and iron). This article reviews the research advances in the role of the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway in ALD in recent years, so as to find a theoretical basis for the development and progression of ALD and an entry point for treatment.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 963-966, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973786

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the clinical efficacy of femtosecond laser-assisted phacoemulsification combined with goniosynechialysis in the treatment of acute angle-closure glaucoma complicated with cataract.METHODS: A total of 53 patients(60 eyes)with primary acute angle closure glaucoma complicated with cataract admitted to our hospital from April 2020 to February 2021 were selected. They were divided into two groups according to the surgical method, with 28 cases(30 eyes)who were treated with femtosecond laser-assisted phacoemulsification combined with goniosynechialysis in group A, and 25 cases(30 eyes)who were treated with traditional cataract phacoemulsification combined with goniosynechialysis in group B. The effective phacoemulsification time(EPT)and cumulative dissipated energy(CDE)during surgery in two groups were recorded. Patients were followed up to 3mo after surgery, and the intraocular pressure, anterior chamber depth(ACD), best corrected visual acuity, corneal endothelial cell loss rate(ECL)and surgical complications were observed in both groups.RESULTS: The postoperative intraocular pressure was significantly decreased and ACD was significantly increased(all P&#x003C;0.05), and there was no difference between the two groups(all P&#x003E;0.05). The postoperative best corrected visual acuity of the two groups was significantly better than that before surgery(P&#x003C;0.05), and group A was significantly better than group B at 1d after surgery(P&#x003C;0.05). The EPT, CDE, ECL and incidence of complications(7% vs. 27%)in group A were significantly lower than those in group B(all P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract phacoemulsification combined with goniosynechialysis in the treatment of primary acute angle-closure glaucoma combined with cataract has a significant therapeutic effect, which can effectively improve surgical safety, reduce the rate of corneal endothelial cell loss, and have fewer complications.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 804-807, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972406

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the clinical efficacy of suture-guided gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculotomy(GATT)combined with phacoemulsification in the treatment of primary open angle glaucoma(POAG).METHODS: A total of 84 patients(84 eyes)with POAG and cataract who underwent surgery in our hospital from January 2021 to July 2022 were selected and randomly divided into two groups. There were 43 cases(43 eyes)in the combined group who underwent suture-guided GATT combined with phacoemulsification, and 41 cases(41 eyes)in the simple group who underwent suture-guided GATT. The two groups were followed up for 3mo to compare the surgical success rate, intraocular pressure, topical intraocular pressure-lowering drugs, visual acuity and postoperative complications.RESULTS: There was no significant difference in overall success rate between the combination and simple groups at 3 mo after surgery(88% vs. 85%, P&#x003E;0.05). The intraocular pressure levels and topical intraocular pressure-lowering drugs at 1wk, 1 and 3mo after surgery in the two groups were significantly lower than those before surgery(all P&#x003C;0.05), but there was no significant difference between the two groups(all P&#x003E;0.05). The visual acuity at 1wk, 1 and 3mo after surgery of patients in the combined group was significantly better than that in the simple group(P&#x003C;0.01). During the follow-up period, the incidence of anterior chamber hemorrhage and transient hypertension in the combined group was significantly lower than that in the simple group(P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: Both suture-guided GATT combined with cataract phacoemulsification and suture-guided GATT are effective treatment for POAG, however, suture-guided GATT combined with phacoemulsification has a lower incidence of anterior chamber hemorrhage and transient ocular hypertension.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 923-928, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972261

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To optimize the extraction process and to primarily evaluate the anti-anxiety and anti-depression efficacy of polysaccharide from Baihe dihuang decoction. METHODS Based on Plackett-Burman experimental design, using the comprehensive score of yield and content of polysaccharide as indicators, with extraction time, water amount, alcohol precipitation concentration as factors, Box-Behnken response surface methodology was used to optimize the extraction process of polysaccharide from Baihe dihuang decoction; and the validation test was conducted. Forty ICR mice were divided into control group, venlafaxine group [positive control, 13.5 mg/(kg·d)], Baihe dihuang polysaccharide high-dose and low-dose groups [5.28, 2.64 g/(kg·d),by raw material], with 10 mice in each group (half male and half female). Administration groups were given corresponding drug solution intragastrically, and control group was given water 10 mL/kg intragastrically, once a day, for 7 test, forced swimming test and tail suspension test were used to evaluate the effects of the extract prepared by the optimal process on the anxiety-like and depression-like behavior of mice; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the effects of the extract on the levels of neurotransmitter in cerebral tissue of mice. RESULTS The optimal extraction process of Baihe dihuang decoction was: the water amount of 25 times, extract time of 1.5 hours, and alcohol precipitation concentration of 70%. In 3 times of validation test, the average yield and content of polysaccharide were 33.10% and 0.62 mg/mg, the relative deviations of which from the predicted values (36.14% and 0.65 mg/mg) were 8.40% and 4.62% respectively (RSD<2%, n=3). The polysaccharide extract of Baihe dihuang decoction could effectively increase the percentages of open-arms entry, the percentages of open-arms time, the total distance of voluntary activities and the activity distance in central area, and significantly shortened the immobility time of forced swimming test and tail suspension test (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The polysaccharide extract could significantly increase the levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine, norepinephrine (except for the Baihe dihuang polysaccharide low-dose group) and gamma-aminobutyric acid in cerebral tissue of mice, while significantly decrease the levels of glutamic acid (except for the Baihe dihuang polysaccharide low-dose group) (P<0.05 or P< 0.01). CONCLUSIONS The optimized extraction process of polysaccharide from Baihe dihuang decoction is stable and feasible, and the obtained polysaccharide extract has obvious anti-anxiety and anti-depression effect in vivo.

10.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 393-408, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971565

ABSTRACT

Glioma is the most common and lethal intrinsic primary tumor of the brain. Its controversial origins may contribute to its heterogeneity, creating challenges and difficulties in the development of therapies. Among the components constituting tumors, glioma stem cells are highly plastic subpopulations that are thought to be the site of tumor initiation. Neural stem cells/progenitor cells and oligodendrocyte progenitor cells are possible lineage groups populating the bulk of the tumor, in which gene mutations related to cell-cycle or metabolic enzymes dramatically affect this transformation. Novel approaches have revealed the tumor-promoting properties of distinct tumor cell states, glial, neural, and immune cell populations in the tumor microenvironment. Communication between tumor cells and other normal cells manipulate tumor progression and influence sensitivity to therapy. Here, we discuss the heterogeneity and relevant functions of tumor cell state, microglia, monocyte-derived macrophages, and neurons in glioma, highlighting their bilateral effects on tumors. Finally, we describe potential therapeutic approaches and targets beyond standard treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glioma/metabolism , Neuroglia/metabolism , Carcinogenesis/pathology , Neural Stem Cells/metabolism , Microglia/metabolism , Brain Neoplasms/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment
11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 694-701, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986978

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu Decoction (ZJJ) on Shh signaling and self-renewal of neural stem cells in the hippocampal dentate gyrus of diabetic rats with depression.@*METHODS@#Diabetic rat models with depression were randomly divided into model group, positive drug (metformin + fluoxetine) group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose ZJJ groups (n=16), with normal SD rats as the control group. The positive drugs and ZJJ were administered by gavage, and the rats in the control and model groups were given distilled water. After the treatment, blood glucose level was detected using test strips, and behavioral changes of the rats were assessed by forced swimming test and water maze test. ELISA was used to examine the serum level of leptin; The expressions of nestin and Brdu proteins in the dentate gyrus of the rats were detected using immunofluorescence assay, and the expressions of self-renewal marker proteins and Shh signaling proteins were detected using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The diabetic rats with depression showed significantly increased levels of blood glucose and leptin (P < 0.01) and prolonged immobility time in forced swimming test (P < 0.01) and increased stage climbing time with reduced stage seeking time and stage crossings in water maze test (P < 0.01). The expressions of nestin and Brdu in the dentate gyrus, the expressions of cyclin D1, SOX2, Shh, Ptch1, Smo in the hippocampus and the nuclear expression of Gli-1 were decreased (P < 0.01) while hippocampal Gli-3 expression was increased significantly (P < 0.01) in the rat models. Treatment of rat models with high-dose ZJJ significantly reduced the blood glucose (P < 0.01) and leptin level (P < 0.05) and improved their performance in behavioral tests (P < 0.01). The treatment also obviously increased the expressions of nestin, Brdu, cyclin D1, SOX2, Shh, Ptch1, and Smo and the nuclear expression of Gli-1 in the dentate gyrus (P < 0.01) and reduced hippocampal expression of Gli-3 (P < 0.05) in the rat models.@*CONCLUSION@#ZJJ can significantly improve the self-renewal ability of neural stem cells and activate Shh signaling in dentate gyrus of diabetic rats with depression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Blood Glucose , Bromodeoxyuridine , Cell Self Renewal , Cyclin D1 , Dentate Gyrus , Depression , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Hippocampus , Leptin , Nestin , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 366-369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986863

ABSTRACT

Corded and hyalinized endometrioid carcinoma (CHEC) is a morphologic variant of endo-metrioid adenocarcinoma. The tumor exhibits a biphasic appearance with areas of traditional low-grade adenocarcinoma merging directly with areas of diffuse growth composed of epithelioid or spindled tumor cells forming cords, small clusters, or dispersed single cells. It is crucial to distinguish CHEC from its morphological mimics, such as malignant mixed mullerian tumor (MMMT), because CHECs are usually low stage, and are associated with a good post-hysterectomy prognosis in most cases while the latter portends a poor prognosis. The patient reported in this article was a 54-year-old woman who presented with postmenopausal vaginal bleeding for 2 months. The ultrasound image showed a thickened uneven echo endometrium of approximately 12.2 mm and a detectable blood flow signal. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an abnormal endometrial signal, considered endometrial carcinoma (Stage Ⅰ B). On hysterectomy specimen, there was an exophytic mass in the uterine cavity with myometrium infiltrating. Microscopically, most component of the tumor was well to moderately differentiated endometrioid carcinoma. Some oval and spindle stromal cells proliferated on the superficial surface of the tumor with a bundle or sheet like growth pattern. In the endometrial curettage specimen, the proliferation of these stromal cells was more obvious, and some of the surrounding stroma was hyalinized and chondromyxoid, which made the stromal cells form a cord-like arrangement. Immunostains were done and both the endometrioid carcinoma and the proliferating stroma cells showed loss of expression of DNA mismatch repair protein MLH1/PMS2 and wild-type p53 protein. Molecular testing demonstrated that this patient had a microsatellite unstable (MSI) endometrial carcinoma. The patient was followed up for 6 months, and there was no recurrence. We diagnosed this case as CHEC, a variant of endometrioid carcinoma, although this case did not show specific β-catenin nuclear expression that was reported in previous researches. The striking low-grade biphasic appearance without TP53 mutation confirmed by immunohistochemistry and molecular testing supported the diagnosis of CHEC. This special morphology, which is usually distributed in the superficial part of the tumor, may result in differences between curettage and surgical specimens. Recent studies have documented an aggressive clinical course in a significant proportion of cases. More cases are needed to establish the clinical behaviors, pathologic features, and molecular profiles of CHECs. Recognition of the relevant characteristics is the prerequisite for pathologists to make correct diagnoses and acquire comprehensive interpretation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/surgery , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Endometrium/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Stromal Cells/pathology
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 931-936, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985615

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the prevalence and influencing factors of tobacco dependence among the population aged 15-69 in Tianjin to provide the basis for formulating targeted smoking control intervention policies and carrying out scientific smoking cessation intervention services. Methods: The data of this study comes from the 2018 Tianjin residents' health literacy monitoring survey. Probability-proportional-to-size sampling is adopted for sampling. SPSS 26.0 software was used for data cleaning and statistical analysis, and χ2 test and binary logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors. Results: A total of 14 641 subjects aged 15-69 were included in this study. After standardized, with a smoking rate of 25.5%, including 45.5% for men and 5.2% for women. Among the population aged 15-69, the prevalence of tobacco dependence was 10.7%; among current smokers, the prevalence rate of tobacco dependence is 40.1%, of which the prevalence rate of male tobacco dependence is 40.0%, and the prevalence rate of female tobacco dependence is 40.6%. According to multivariate logistic regression analysis, people who live in rural areas, have an education level of primary school or below, smoke every day, smoke the first cigarette ≤15 years old, smoke ≥21 cigarettes per day, and smoke for more than 20 packet years, people who report poor physical health are more likely to suffer from tobacco dependence (all P<0.05); age and smoking age did not affect the possibility of tobacco dependence (all P>0.05). Among current smokers, there was no significant difference in their willingness to quit smoking whether they had tobacco dependence (P>0.05). The proportion of people with tobacco dependence who have tried to quit smoking and failed is higher (P<0.001). Conclusions: The prevalence of tobacco dependence among smokers aged 15-69 in Tianjin is high, and the demand for quitting smoking is great. Therefore, smoking cessation publicity should be carried out for key groups, and smoking cessation intervention work in Tianjin should be continuously promoted.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Smokers , Smoking/epidemiology , Tobacco Smoking , Tobacco Use Disorder/epidemiology
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1720-1725, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010028

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of multiple detection methods based on histopathology and supplemented by bone marrow or peripheral blood sample detections in the comprehensive diagnosis of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL).@*METHODS@#The clinical, immunophenotypic, pathologic, cytogenetic and molecular features of 153 newly diagnosed MCL patients admitted to the hematology department of our hospital from May 2009 to September 2022 were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#144 (96.6%) of the 149 MCL patients who underwent marrow or peripheral blood IGH/CCND1 FISH detection at initial diagnosis were positive, of which 36 cases (24.2%) had a low proportion positive. The immunophenotypes in 115 patients were analyzed by flow cytometry (FCM), 89 cases (77.4%) conformed to MCL while 23 cases (20.0%) were initially diagnosed as B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (B-LPD). Of the 75 cases who performed bone marrow biopsy, 50 cases (66.7%) had morphological and immunophenotypic characteristics consistent with MCL, 15 cases (20.0%) were classified as B-LPD, and 10 cases with no obvious abnormality. 77 patients underwent histopathology examination, of which 73 cases (94.8%) had typical clinicopathological features of MCL, including 2 CCND1 negative MCL, 2 pleomorphic variants, 5 pleomorphic variants and 4 cases diagnosed as other leukemia or lymphoma. Among 153 cases of MCL, 128 cases were classic MCL(cMCL), and another 25 cases (16.3%) were diagnosed as leukemic non-lymph node MCL (lnnMCL). The incidence of IGHV mutation, TP53 mutation and CD23 expression positive were significantly different between cMCL and lnnMCL.@*CONCLUSION@#Histopathology is still the main standard for the diagnosis of cMCL, and detection based on bone marrow or peripheral blood samples is an important means for the diagnosis of lnnMCL. Single marker or examination can cause a certain proportion of misdiagnosis. The accurate diagnosis of MCL depends on a combination of multiple detection methods.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell/genetics , Bone Marrow/pathology , Leukemia/pathology , Mutation , Immunophenotyping
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4295-4301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008684

ABSTRACT

Ziziphi Spinosae Semen(ZSS) is an edible TCM derived from the dried ripe seeds of Ziziphus jujube Mill. var. spinosa(Bunge)Hu ex H. F. Chou(Rhamnaceae), which has the effects of nourishing the heart, tonifying the liver, calming the heart, tranquilizing the mind, arresting sweating, and promoting fluid production, and is widely used in the treatment and health care of diseases related to cardiovascular, nervous, and immune systems. Jujuboside B(JuB), one of the main active ingredients of ZSS, possesses various pharmacological effects with application values. This paper reviewed the chemical structure and pharmacological effects of JuB. JuB has sedative, hypnotic, antitumor, anti-platelet, anti-inflammatory, and other biological activities, which shows the potential thera-peutic effects on insomnia, tumors, coronary artery disease, airway inflammation, and liver injury. However, there are some limitations to the results of current studies. More comprehensive studies, including basic research and clinical trials, need to be carried out to provide more reliable evidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Saponins/pharmacology , Hypnotics and Sedatives , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Ziziphus/chemistry
16.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 416-432, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982556

ABSTRACT

Approximately 140 million people worldwide are homozygous carriers of APOE4 (ε4), a strong genetic risk factor for late onset familial and sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD), 91% of whom will develop AD at earlier age than heterozygous carriers and noncarriers. Susceptibility to AD could be reduced by targeted editing of APOE4, but a technical basis for controlling the off-target effects of base editors is necessary to develop low-risk personalized gene therapies. Here, we first screened eight cytosine base editor variants at four injection stages (from 1- to 8-cell stage), and found that FNLS-YE1 variant in 8-cell embryos achieved the comparable base conversion rate (up to 100%) with the lowest bystander effects. In particular, 80% of AD-susceptible ε4 allele copies were converted to the AD-neutral ε3 allele in human ε4-carrying embryos. Stringent control measures combined with targeted deep sequencing, whole genome sequencing, and RNA sequencing showed no DNA or RNA off-target events in FNLS-YE1-treated human embryos or their derived stem cells. Furthermore, base editing with FNLS-YE1 showed no effects on embryo development to the blastocyst stage. Finally, we also demonstrated FNLS-YE1 could introduce known protective variants in human embryos to potentially reduce human susceptivity to systemic lupus erythematosus and familial hypercholesterolemia. Our study therefore suggests that base editing with FNLS-YE1 can efficiently and safely introduce known preventive variants in 8-cell human embryos, a potential approach for reducing human susceptibility to AD or other genetic diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apolipoprotein E4/genetics , Cytosine , Mutation , Blastocyst , Heterozygote , Gene Editing , CRISPR-Cas Systems
17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1811-1815, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996889

ABSTRACT

The occurrence and development of many eye diseases are closely related to genetic and environmental factors, among which epigenetic modification is an important bridge connecting genetic and environmental factors. It can affect the levels of related genes by influencing gene transcription or translation, thereby playing a role in the pathogenesis of ocular diseases. DNA methylation is an important part of epigenetic modification which is usually regulated by three processes: de novo methylation, maintenance methylation, and demethylation, and plays an essential role in regulating gene expression. At present, researchers have conducted that DNA methylation plays an important role in repair of damage to corneal endothelium, mitochondrial dynamics regulation and diabetic retinopathy, oxidative stress response and cataracts and other eye diseases, providing new ideas in the treatment of related ocular diseases. This study presented a brief review of the role of DNA methylation in the development of related ocular diseases and provided new perspectives and directions for the screening, diagnosis, and treatment of eye diseases.

18.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 51-58, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995595

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct and evaluate a screening and diagnostic system based on color fundus images and artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted screening for optic neuritis (ON) and non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION).Methods:A diagnostic test study. From 2016 to 2020, 178 cases 267 eyes of NAION patients (NAION group) and 204 cases 346 eyes of ON patients (ON group) were examined and diagnosed in Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center of Sun Yat-sen University; 513 healthy individuals of 1 160 eyes (the normal control group) with normal fundus by visual acuity, intraocular pressure and optical coherence tomography examination were collected from 2018 to 2020. All 2 909 color fundus images were as the data set of the screening and diagnosis system, including 730, 805, and 1 374 images for the NAION group, ON group, and normal control group, respectively. The correctly labeled color fundus images were used as input data, and the EfficientNet-B0 algorithm was selected for model training and validation. Finally, three systems for screening abnormal optic discs, ON, and NAION were constructed. The subject operating characteristic (ROC) curve, area under the ROC (AUC), accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and heat map were used as indicators of diagnostic efficacy.Results:In the test data set, the AUC for diagnosing the presence of an abnormal optic disc, the presence of ON, and the presence of NAION were 0.967 [95% confidence interval ( CI) 0.947-0.980], 0.964 (95% CI 0.938-0.979), and 0.979 (95% CI 0.958-0.989), respectively. The activation area of the systems were mainly located in the optic disc area in the decision-making process. Conclusion:Abnormal optic disc, ON and NAION, and screening diagnostic systems based on color fundus images have shown accurate and efficient diagnostic performance.

19.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 1-5, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995170

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe any effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on learning, memory ability and the morphology of neurons in the hippocampus and cortex of rats with cognitive impairment, and also to seek any correlation between the rats′ behavior and the thickness of the granular layer in the CA1 region of the hippocampus.Methods:Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into an observation group, a model group and a control group, each of 10. Cognitive impairment was induced in the observation and model groups by intraperitoneal injection of scopolamine, while the control group was injected with saline solution over the same period of time. After successful modeling, the observation group was given tDCS, while the model and control groups were connected with electrodes but not given any electrical stimulation. After 16 consecutive days of treatment, behavioral changes of each group were quantified using a shuttle box and a Morris water maze. On the 30th day after the mode-ling, the brains were collected to observe any changes in the morphology of the hippocampal and cortical neurons. The thickness of the hippocampal granular layer was also measured.Results:In the observation group the average rate of electrical impulses after the intervention [(60.5±6.67)/min] was significantly less than in the model group [(145.8±19.31)/min], while the time to find a platform was significantly shorter. The rats of the observation group also crossed the D quadrant of the platform significantly more quickly than the model group, on average. Compared with the control group, the granular layer in the CA1 region of the hippocampus [(93.47±1.07)μm] was significantly thinner on average than in the model group but compared with the model group, the observation group had significantly thicker layers [95.17±1.49)μm] on average. The thickness was negatively correlated with the number of shocks and the time to find the platform, but positively correlated with the number of crossings of the platform in the D quadrant.Conclusions:The degree of impairment generated by intraperitoneal injection of scopolamine correlates with the thickness of the CA1 granular layer of the hippocampus, at least in rats. tDCS can improve the learning and memory of such rats. Its mechanism may be related to promoting structural recovery of hippocampal cortical neurons and increasing the thickness of the granular layer.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 392-393, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994050

ABSTRACT

Urosepsis caused by upper urinary tract stone obstruction is a common critically disease in urology.However, it rarely occurs in the patient who underwent a dialysis with uremia.We report a patient who underwent an implantation of ureteral stent to control the infection, and we saved the patient with perinephric hematoma following the surgery. We removed the stones in the left ureteral through a flexible ureteroscope two month later.The hematoma was completely absorbed 6 months after the implantation of ureteral stent.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL