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1.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 431-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991156

ABSTRACT

DNA barcoding has been widely used for herb identification in recent decades,enabling safety and innovation in the field of herbal medicine.In this article,we summarize recent progress in DNA bar-coding for herbal medicine to provide ideas for the further development and application of this tech-nology.Most importantly,the standard DNA barcode has been extended in two ways.First,while conventional DNA barcodes have been widely promoted for their versatility in the identification of fresh or well-preserved samples,super-barcodes based on plastid genomes have rapidly developed and have shown advantages in species identification at low taxonomic levels.Second,mini-barcodes are attractive because they perform better in cases of degraded DNA from herbal materials.In addition,some mo-lecular techniques,such as high-throughput sequencing and isothermal amplification,are combined with DNA barcodes for species identification,which has expanded the applications of herb identification based on DNA barcoding and brought about the post-DNA-barcoding era.Furthermore,standard and high-species coverage DNA barcode reference libraries have been constructed to provide reference se-quences for species identification,which increases the accuracy and credibility of species discrimination based on DNA barcodes.In summary,DNA barcoding should play a key role in the quality control of traditional herbal medicine and in the international herb trade.

2.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 96-99, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989044

ABSTRACT

Previously the diseases of pediatric hyperandrogenism were mainly diagnosed and evaluated by testing traditional androgens such as testosterone and androstenedione.However, clinical application has revealed a poor correlation between traditional androgens and the clinical manifestations of hyperandrogenism in some patients.It has been proposed that adrenal-derived 11-oxygenated androgen may also be involved in the course of this type of disease.The concentrations of 11-oxygenated androgen are elevated in androgen excess diseases, and they fulfill a variety of roles in human physiology and disease.This article discusses three aspects of the synthesis process, activity and content of 11-oxygenated androgen and their application in three androgen excess diseases: congenital adrenocortical hyperplasia, premature adrenarche and polycystic ovary syndrome, in order to help clinicians expand their clinical understanding and investigative thoughts on 11-oxygenated androgen.

3.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E228-E235, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987940

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the molecular mechanism of palmitoylation modification in regulating the activity of non-receptor tyrosine kinase Fyn. Methods The intracellular Fyn activity was detected by applying fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technology, and the mechanism was investigated by combining with Fyn palmitoylation deficiency and C-terminal Src kinase ( CSK ) plasmid co-expression. ResultsExperimental data showed that single loss of either of ( C3, C6) palmitoylation sites resulted in higher Fyn activity, and C6 seemed more significant. It is known that CSK membrane translocation occurred after activation. FRET assay confirmed that CSK could down-regulate the activity of Fyn in cells, but could not effectively regulate the activity of Fyn(GSS) with the loss of palmitoylation sites. Conclusions The results in this study support the hypothesis on Fyn regulation by spatial localization, namely, non-palmitoylated Fyn (GSS) is less effective in the inhibitory regulation by CSK on cell membrane, thus promoting constitutive high activity expression

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1241-1247, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013760

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of boschniakia rossica polysaccharides ( BRPS ) on cardiomyocyte damage induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) and its possible mechanism. Methods H/R was used to induce rat cardiomyocyte H9c2 to establish a cell inju¬ry model, and different doses of BRPS were used to treat H9c2 cells. ELISA method was used to detect the level of MDA and the activity of SOD and GSH-Px. Flow cytometry was used to detect the rate of apopto-sis. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of miR-302a-3p. anti-miR-NC and anti-miR-302a-3p were respectively transfected into H9c2 cells and then subjected to H/R treatment. miR-NC and miR-302a-3p mimics were respectively transfected into H9c2 cells and treated with 100 mg • L

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1332-1339, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978788

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features of hypopituitarism with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children after sellar tumor surgery and the association between hypopitarism and NAFLD in children. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of children with hypopituitarism and NAFLD after sellar tumor surgery who were followed up regularly in Wuhan Children's Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, from January 2017 to December 2021, and their clinical features were analyzed. Results There were 32 children with regular follow-up and complete clinical data after sellar tumor surgery, and 10 children (31.25%) developed NAFLD, among whom there were 5 boys and 5 girls. Among these 10 children, 9 had craniopharyngioma and underwent surgical treatment, and 1 had germinoma and underwent local radiotherapy. The 10 children had a median age of 8.4(6.29.8) years at the diagnosis of hypopituitarism and a median age of 11.9(8.7-12.6) years at the diagnosis of NAFLD. The median number of years from the diagnosis of hypopituitarism to the diagnosis of NAFLD was 2.0(1.4-4.0) years. At the diagnosis of NAFLD, all 10 children had obesity, and body mass index (BMI) was increased by 7.26±4.25 kg/m 2 on average since the diagnosis of hypopituitarism; the 10 children had a mean fasting blood glucose level of 4.67±0.55 mmol/L, a mean fasting insulin level of 25.40±5.93 μIU/ml, and a mean HOMA-IR index of 5.26±1.29. Among these 10 children, 9 had hypertriglyceridemia, and 1 had elevated triglyceride, with a mean level of 3.08±1.09 mmol/L; 6 children had hypercholesterolemia, with a mean level of 5.67±1.25 mmol/L; 8 children had high-density lipoprotein cholesterolemia, with a mean level of 3.97±1.27 mmol/L. After the diagnosis of NAFLD, 2 children were treated with recombinant human growth hormone and metformin and achieved reductions in BMI, HOMA-IR, and triglyceride after treatment, and total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were reduced to the normal range. Conclusion Children may experience weight gain, hypopituitarism, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia after sellar tumor surgery, which may lead to the onset of NAFLD. Weight management and active pituitary hormone replacement therapy are recommended for such children, as well as routine screening and management of fatty liver disease.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 53-56, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970877

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and genetic etiology of a child with Schaaf-Yang syndrome (SYS).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the child and his parents were collected and subjected to whole exome sequencing. Sanger sequencing was used for family constellation verification, and bioinformatic analysis was performed for the candidate variant.@*RESULTS@#The child, a 1-year-and-9-month-old boy, had clinical manifestations of retarded growth, small penis, and unusual facies. Genetic testing revealed that the child has harbored a novel heterozygous variant of c.3078dupG (p.Leu1027Valfs*28) of the MAGEL2 gene. Sanger sequencing showed that neither parent of the child carried the same variant. The c.3078dupG(p.Leu1027Valfs*28) variant of the MAGEL2 gene has not been included in the databases of ESP, 1000 Genomes and ExAC. According to the Standards and Guidelines for the Interpretation of Sequence Variants of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the variant was judged to be pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.3078dupG (p.Leu1027Valfs*28) variant of the MAGEL2 gene probably underlay the SYS in this child, which has further expanded the spectrum of the MAGEL2 gene variants.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Male , Exome Sequencing , Genetic Testing , Heterozygote , Mutation , Proteins/genetics , Developmental Disabilities/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 657-661, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical and histopathological features of adult erythema nodosum (EN) .Methods:Clinical data were collected from 54 adult inpatients with histopathologically confirmed EN in Department of Dermatology and Venereology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College from November 2019 to July 2022, and analyzed retrospectively.Results:Among the 54 EN patients, there were 6 males and 48 females, their ages were 42.50 ± 11.68 years (range, 18 - 73 years), and their disease course ranged from 1 day to 10 years; 30 patients (55.56%) were diagnosed with idiopathic EN, and 24 (44.44%) with secondary EN. The most common etiological factor in secondary EN was infection (17 cases), including respiratory tract infection (9 cases), tuberculosis infection (6 cases), upper respiratory tract infection comorbid with active hepatitis B virus infection (2 cases) ; the following common etiological factor was connective tissue disease (7 cases), including Behcet′s syndrome (4 cases), Sj?gren′s syndrome (1 case), and undifferentiated connective tissue diseases (2 cases). The patients′ ages were significantly younger in the secondary EN group (38.33 ± 12.15 years) than in the idiopathic EN group (46.17 ± 10.20 years, t = 2.58, P = 0.013). All patients had skin lesions on their lower limbs, lesions were limited to both lower limbs in 24 patients with idiopathic EN and 12 with secondary EN, and the proportion of patients with lesions limited to both lower limbs was significantly lower in the secondary EN group than in the idiopathic EN group ( χ2 = 5.44, P = 0.020). Compared with the idiopathic EN group, the secondary EN group showed significantly increased white blood cell counts ([7.56 ± 2.46] × 10 9/L vs. [6.04 ± 1.60] × 10 9/L, t = 2.62, P < 0.05) and C-reaction protein levels (34.34 ± 46.48 mg/L vs. 11.45 ± 18.13 mg/L, t = 2.28, P < 0.05). In the idiopathic EN group, 23 patients mainly showed histopathological features of septal panniculitis, while 17 patients in the secondary EN group mainly showed histopathological features of mixed panniculitis or lobular panniculitis, and the proportion of patients with histopathological features of mixed panniculitis or lobular panniculitis was significantly higher in the secondary EN group than in the idiopathic EN group ( χ2 = 12.18, P < 0.001) . Conclusion:EN was more common in female adults; idiopathic EN was the most common type, and secondary EN may be a cutaneous sign of systemic diseases; for EN patients at a relatively young age, with lesions involving both lower limbs or more sites, higher white blood cell counts and C-reaction protein levels, and histopathological manifestations of lobular panniculitis, systemic examinations were required to rule out underlying causes.

8.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 289-295, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934368

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study explored the consistency of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and immunoassay for the detection of steroid hormones. The diagnostic value of multiple steroid hormones in 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) was investigated and the follow-up indicators were screened.Methods:This experimental group included 109 patients with typical 21-OHD who received standard treatment, and the control group included 94 normal children. 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), androstenedione (Δ4-A), testosterone and cortisol were detected by immunoassay and LC-MS/MS method. At the same time, 16 other adrenal steroids were detected by LC-MS/MS method. The experimental group was divided into: (1) overtreatment group: 17OHP<4 ng/ml; (2) well controlled group: 4 ng/ml≤17-OHP<12 ng/ml; (3) poorly controlled group: 17-OHP≥12 ng/ml. The following studies were carried out. (1) The consistency of immunoassay and LC-MS/MS detection results was analyzed; (2) The serum concentrations of various steroid hormones in patients with 21-OHD and the control group were compared to explore the diagnostic value of multiple steroid hormones detection; (3) The concentration differences of 20 kinds of steroid hormones in 21-OHD patients with different therapeutic effects were compared to screen more valuable follow-up indicators.Results:(1) among the four indicators detected by LC-MS/MS and immunoassay, the consistency of T and 17-OHP was high. The concentrations of cortisol and Δ4-A determined by immunoassay were higher than those determined by LC-MS/MS. (2) Among the 20 kinds of steroid hormones secreted by adrenal gland detected by LC-MS/MS, 6 kinds of hormones were significantly higher and 6 kinds of hormones were significantly lower in 21-OHD patients compared with the control group, ,and 8 kinds of steroids showed no statistical difference. (3) 17-OHP decreased and 11-deoxycortisol increased in over-inhibition group, while 17-OHP, pregnenolone, progesterone, 17-hydroxypregnenolone, 21-deoxycortisol, Δ4-A and estrone increased in the poorly controlled group.Conclusions:LC-MS/MS can detect many kinds of steroid hormones at one time with better evaluate dimensions. During the follow-up, only 8 of the 20 hormones were closely related to the control status of patients, suggesting that unnecessary testing work could be reduced.

9.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 257-262, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930076

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and molecular mechanism of procyanidin on the proliferation, apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) level of gastric cancer cell line SNU-1 in vitro. Methods:SNU-1 cells were divided into control group and 12.5, 50.0, 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin groups. The effect of procyanidin on the proliferation of SNU-1 cells was detected by CCK-8 assay. The apoptosis level and ROS positive rate of cells were detected by flow cytometry, and 2 mmol/L glutathione was added to SNU-1 cells added with 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin to detect the apoptosis level and ROS positive rate of cells. The expression of apoptosis-related protein in cells was detected by Western blotting.Results:The results of CCK-8 experiment showed that the proliferation activities of SNU-1 cells in the control group and the 12.5, 50.0, 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin groups were 3.69±0.30, 3.29±0.41, 0.91±0.39, 0.45±0.22 respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( F=279.84, P<0.001) . Compared with the control group, the proliferation activities of SNU-1 cells in the three procyanidin groups were significantly inhibited ( P=0.006, P<0.001, P<0.001) . The results of flow cytometry showed that the early apoptosis rates of SNU-1 cells in the control group and the 12.5, 50.0, 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin groups were (0.00±0.00) %, (0.00±0.00) %, (0.09±0.07) % and (0.45±0.22) % respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( F=7.14, P=0.003) . The 50.0 and 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin groups increased significantly compared with the control group ( P=0.003, P=0.007) . The late apoptosis rates of SNU-1 cells in the four groups were (0.00±0.00) %, (0.01±0.00) %, (6.98±0.77) % and (33.32±2.78) % respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( F=654.28, P=0.003) . The 50.0 and 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin groups increased significantly compared with the control group ( P<0.001, P<0.001) . The positive rates of ROS in SNU-1 cells in the four groups were (0.02±0.01) %, (0.10±0.05) %, (1.15±0.26) % and (1.58±0.22) % respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( F=162.24, P<0.001) . The 50.0 and 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin groups increased significantly compared with the control group ( P<0.001, P<0.001) . The positive rates of ROS in SNU-1 cells in the 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin group and the glutathione intervention group were (1.25±0.63) % and (0.13±0.02) % respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( t=5.39, P=0.001) . The early apoptosis rates of the two groups were (10.56±3.24) % and (2.09±0.24) % respectively, and the late apoptosis rates were (29.65±6.01) % and (23.63±1.52) % respectively, with statistically significant differences ( t=2.61, P=0.048; t=3.97, P=0.012) . The expressions of Bcl-2 protein in SNU-1 cells in the control group and the 12.5, 50.0, 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin groups were 1.00±0.00, 0.83±0.05, 0.60±0.14 and 0.41±0.23 respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( F=10.63, P=0.004) . The 50.0 and 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin groups decreased significantly compared with the control group ( P<0.001, P<0.001) . Conclusion:Procyanidin can inhibit proliferation and promote apoptosis of gastric cancer SNU-1 cells in vitro, which may be achieved by increasing intracellular ROS levels and reducing Bcl-2 protein expression.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 736-739, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956045

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and efficacy of 20% glucose solution in the treatment of adult diabetic patients with hypoglycemia.Methods:A non-randomized controlled paired design trial was conducted. The diabetes patients with hypoglycemia (blood glucose < 3.9 mmol/L) who were admitted to the department of endocrinology and metabolism of Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University from December 2020 to May 2021 were enrolled. When the patients developed hypoglycemia for the first time, 75 mL of 20% glucose solution was pumped intravenously at a constant speed within 15 minutes, which was named the 20% glucose solution group. When the patients had hypoglycemia again, 30 mL of 50% glucose solution was pumped intravenously at a constant speed within 3 minutes, which was named the 50% glucose solution group. If the blood glucose was still ≤ 3.9 mmol/L at 15 minutes of hypoglycemia treatment, or the patients were uncomfortable due to too fast drip speed, it should be terminated immediately. The hypoglycemia treatment should be handled according to the Chinese guidelines for the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes (2020 edition). The peripheral blood glucose level and the range of increase at 15 minutes of treatment, the success rate of one treatment, the peripheral blood glucose values at 60 minutes after successful hypoglycemia treatment, the incidence of phlebitis and exudation after hypoglycemia treatment, and the pain of local blood vessels in patients with hypoglycemia treatment were analyzed and compared between the two groups. Results:A total of 65 patients completed the treatment of hypoglycemia with 20% glucose solution and the success rate of one treatment was 100%. The peripheral blood glucose value at 15 minutes of hypoglycemia treatment was (8.30±1.37) mmol/L, and the increased range was (4.86±1.30) mmol/L. The peripheral blood glucose value at 60 minutes after successful hypoglycemia treatment was (6.96±1.48) mmol/L, which indicated that 20% glucose solution could effectively increase blood glucose. Among 65 patients, 32 patients had hypoglycemia again, who were treated with 50% glucose solution, and the success rate of one treatment was 100%. When patients who received 50% glucose solution for hypoglycemia formed a paired design with the first 20% glucose solution treatment, the results showed that there was no significant difference in the peripheral blood glucose value and the increased range in blood glucose at 15 minutes of hypoglycemia treatment between the 20% glucose solution and the 50% glucose solution groups [peripheral blood glucose (mmol/L): 8.20 (7.70, 9.70) vs. 8.30 (7.80, 8.80), increase in blood glucose (mmol/L): 4.96±1.39 vs. 4.70±1.32, both P > 0.05], indicating that the glucose changing at 15 minutes of hypoglycemia treatment with 20% glucose solution was similar to that with 50% glucose solution. The peripheral blood glucose value at 60 minutes after successful hypoglycemia treatment of 20% glucose solution group was significantly lower than that of 50% glucose solution group (mmol/L: 6.37±1.04 vs. 7.20±1.36, P < 0.01), which meant that the blood glucose tended to be more stable. There was no phlebitis and exudation after hypoglycemia treatment in both groups. The pain score of 20% glucose solution group was 0, however, 3 patients in 50% glucose solution group complained of local vascular pain, and the pain score was 1. Conclusions:20% glucose solution can effectively treat hypoglycemia in diabetic patients, which has the same curative effect as 50% glucose solution and much safer. It can be used in patients with severe hypoglycemia.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 818-830, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922897

ABSTRACT

Licorice, one of the most commonly used medicinal materials in China, grows mainly in arid and semi-arid regions and has important economic and ecological values. Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factors in plants play an important role in regulating biological or abiotic stress responses, growth, and secondary metabolite synthesis. bZIP transcription factors in the published whole genome database of Glycyrrhiza uralensis were identified using bZIP sequences found in Arabidopsis thaliana genome as reference, and ABA-dependent bZIP genes were identified by using Illumina high-throughput sequencing. The physical and chemical properties, structure of the encoded proteins, and the gene expression patterns with exogenous ABA stress were analyzed. A total of 69 bZIP transcription factor genes were identified in G. uralensis, named Gubzip1-69, and they were divided into 10 subfamilies (A-I and S) according to their similarity to bZIPs of A. thaliana. By calculating the relative expression levels of the 69 GubZIPs genes under different concentrations of exogenous ABA stress, genes that may be involved in the regulation of ABA signaling pathways were identified, namely GubZIP1, GubZIP5, GubZIP8, GubZIP30, GubZIP33 and GubZIP56. The results of expression pattern analysis of these GubZIPs genes under exogenous ABA stress showed that the expression pattern of GubZIPs genes changed significantly with 50 mg·L-1 ABA. The relative expression levels of these genes decreased 3 h after treatment, and gradually increased 6 h after treatment. Except for GubZIP8, the relative expression levels of these genes were significantly increased after 12 h. Further research on the function of bZIP transcription factors of G. uralensis and elucidating their regulatory mechanisms should be of interest and will provide a scientific basis for cultivating high-quality cultivars of G. uralensis through molecular breeding methods.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 757-766, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927566

ABSTRACT

Acute kidney injury (AKI), characterized by acute renal dysfunction, is an increasingly common clinical problem and an important risk factor in the subsequent development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Regardless of the initial insults, the progression of CKD after AKI involves multiple types of cells, including renal resident cells and immune cells such as macrophages. Recently, the involvements of macrophages in AKI-to-CKD transition have garnered significant attention. Furthermore, substantial progress has also been made in elucidating the pathophysiological functions of macrophages from the acute kidney to repair or fibrosis. In this review, we highlight current knowledge regarding the roles and mechanisms of macrophage activation and phenotypic polarization, and transdifferentiation in the development of AKI-to-CKD transition. In addition, the potential of macrophage-based therapy for preventing AKI-to-CKD transition is also discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Kidney Injury/drug therapy , Disease Progression , Kidney , Macrophages , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1495-1505, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924740

ABSTRACT

Rhei Radix et Rhizoma is one of the most used medicinal materials in China. Its original species are Rheum palmatum, Rh. tanguticum, and Rh. officinale. Rhei Radix et Rhizoma derived from different original species are significantly different in their active ingredients and pharmacological effects. To develop an accurate, rapid, and specific identification method, we obtained the chloroplast genomes of the three original species by Illumina Novaseq sequencing. We designed specific DNA barcodes from the hypervariable regions, which can accurately identify the three original species. The experimental results showed that the total length of the chloroplast genomes of Rh. tanguticum, Rh. officinale and Rh. palmatum were 161 039 bp, 161 093 bp, and 161 136 bp, respectively. All the three genomes were represented as typical quadripartite structures. A total of 131 genes, including 86 protein-coding genes, 37 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes, and eight ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes were identified from each chloroplast genome. Five pairs of primers based on the hypervariable regions were designed to efficiently amplify 42 samples. Results confirmed that five hypervariable regions, rps16-trnQ, psaA-ycf3, psbE-petL, ndhF-rpl32, and trnT-trnL, can be used as specific DNA barcodes for the identification of Rh. tanguticum, Rh. officinale, and Rh. palmatum. These results provided genetic information for further species identification of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, and improve the safety of this clinical medication as well as standardize the market for Rhei Radix et Rhizoma.

14.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 311-316, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935693

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and sexual development in Chinese children. Methods: A nationwide multicenter and population-based large cross-sectional study was conducted in 13 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities of China from January 2017 to December 2018. Data on sex, age, height, weight were collected, BMI was calculated and sexual characteristics were analyzed. The subjects were divided into four groups based on age, including ages 3-<6 years, 6-<10 years, 10-<15 years and 15-<18 years. Multiple Logistic regression models were used for evaluating the associations of BMI with sexual development in children. Dichotomous Logistic regression was used to compare the differences in the distribution of early and non-early puberty among normal weight, overweight and obese groups. Curves were drawn to analyze the relationship between the percentage of early puberty and BMI distribution in girls and boys at different Tanner stages. Results: A total of 208 179 healthy children (96 471 girls and 111 708 boys) were enrolled in this study. The OR values of B2, B3 and B4+ in overweight girls were 1.72 (95%CI: 1.56-1.89), 3.19 (95%CI: 2.86-3.57), 7.14 (95%CI: 6.33-8.05) and in obese girls were 2.05 (95%CI: 1.88-2.24), 4.98 (95%CI: 4.49-5.53), 11.21 (95%CI: 9.98-12.59), respectively; while the OR values of G2, G3, G4+ in overweight boys were 1.27 (95%CI: 1.17-1.38), 1.52 (95%CI: 1.36-1.70), 1.88 (95%CI: 1.66-2.14) and in obese boys were 1.27 (95%CI: 1.17-1.37), 1.59 (95%CI: 1.43-1.78), and 1.93 (95%CI: 1.70-2.18) (compared with normal weight Tanner 1 group,all P<0.01). Analysis in different age groups found that OR values of obese girls at B2 stage and boys at G2 stage were 2.02 (95%CI: 1.06-3.86) and 2.32 (95%CI:1.05-5.12) in preschool children aged 3-<6 years, respectively (both P<0.05). And in the age group of 6-10 years, overweight girls had a 5.45-fold risk and obese girls had a 12.54-fold risk of B3 stage compared to girls with normal BMI. Compared with normal weight children, the risk of early puberty was 2.67 times higher in overweight girls, 3.63 times higher in obese girls, and 1.22 times higher in overweight boys, 1.35 times higher in obese boys (all P<0.01). Among the children at each Tanner stages, the percentage of early puberty increased with the increase of BMI, from 5.7% (80/1 397), 16.1% (48/299), 13.8% (27/195) to 25.7% (198/769), 65.1% (209/321), 65.4% (157/240) in girls aged 8-<9, 10-<11 and 11-<12 years, and 6.6% (34/513), 18.7% (51/273), 21.6% (57/264) to 13.3% (96/722), 46.4% (140/302), 47.5% (105/221) in boys aged 9-<10, 12-<13 and 13-<14 years, respectively. Conclusions: BMI is positively correlated with sexual development in both Chinese boys and girls, and the correlation is stronger in girls. Obesity is a risk factor for precocious puberty in preschool children aged 3-<6 years, and 6-<10 years of age is a high risk period for early development in obese girls.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Body Mass Index , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Obesity/epidemiology , Overweight/epidemiology , Puberty , Puberty, Precocious , Sexual Development
15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 276-281, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935211

ABSTRACT

Objective: Systematically summarize the research progress of clinical trials of gastric cancer oncology drugs and the overview of marketed drugs in China from 2012 to 2021, providing data and decision-making evidence for relevant departments. Methods: Based on the registration database of the drug clinical trial registration and information disclosure platform of Food and Drug Administration of China and the data query system of domestic and imported drugs, the information on gastric cancer drug clinical trials, investigational drugs and marketed drugs from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2021 was analyzed, and the differences between Chinese and foreign enterprises in terms of trial scope, trial phase, treatment lines and drug type, effect and mechanism studies were compared. Results: A total of 114 drug clinical trials related to gastric tumor were registered in China from 2012 to 2021, accounting for 3.7% (114/3 041) of all anticancer drug clinical trials in the same period, the registration number showed a significant growth rate after 2016 and reached its peak with 32 trials in 2020. Among them, 85 (74.6%, 85/114) trials were initiated by Chinese pharmaceutical enterprise. Compared with foreign pharmaceutical enterprise, Chinese pharmaceutical enterprise had higher rates of phase I trials (35.3% vs 6.9%, P=0.001), but the rate of international multicenter trials (11.9% vs 67.9%, P<0.001) was relatively low. There were 76 different drugs involved in relevant clinical trials, of which 65 (85.5%) were targeted drugs. For targeted drugs, HER2 is the most common one (14 types), followed by PD-1 and multi-target VEGER. In the past ten years, 3 of 4 marketed drugs for gastric cancer treatment were domestic and included in the national medical insurance directory. Conclusions: From 2012 to 2021, China has made some progress in drug research and development for gastric carcinoma. However, compared with the serious disease burden, it is still insufficient. Targeted strengthening of research and development of investment in many aspects of gastric cancer drugs, such as new target discovery, matured target excavating, combination drug development and early line therapy promotion, is the key work in the future, especially for domestic companies.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Gastrointestinal Agents/therapeutic use , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Pharmaceutical Preparations , United States , United States Food and Drug Administration
16.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 753-756, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907317

ABSTRACT

Craniopharyngioma mainly occurs in children aged 5 to 14 years.It′s one of the most common intracranial tumors for children.Although the overall survival rate of pediatric patients with craniopharyngioma has been significantly improved, the long-term quality of life still couldn′t be missed due to the fact that it could invade the important structures around the sellar area, such as the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and so on.The downward trend is observed among the 5-, 10- and 20-year overall survival rates.Compared with adult-onset patients, childhood-onset patients are at higher risk of hypothalamic involvement, endocrine dysfunction, obesity, have a lower long-term quality of life.In addition to a variety of physical diseases, pediatric patients with craniopharyngioma after surgery may also develop the psychological diseases.Craniopharyngioma should be recognized as a frequently chronic disease which requires constant monitoring of the consequences and medical resources for treatment in order to provide optimal quality of life for pediatric patients.This article reviews the craniopharyngioma-related researches in recent years on the long-term prognosis of childhood-onset patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 209-218, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906131

ABSTRACT

Diabetes is a worldwide public health problem that seriously threats human health. Long-term metabolic disorders, as the main cause of multi-system complications and death in the later stage of diabetes, can cause multi-system damage, leading to chronic progressive lesions in the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, blood vessels and other tissues and organs, as well as functional decline and failure. The low risk of side effects and new treatment strategies remain an area to be explored in clinical treatment of diabetes. Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (SM) is one of the commonly used herbs in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), with the main effect of activating blood circulation and removing blood stasis. In recent years, it has been found that SM shows good performance in lowering blood sugar and treating diabetes complications. Data mining information has also shown that the drugs of activating blood circulation and removing blood stasis are now common drugs in clinical treatment of diabetes, and SM has the highest use frequency, with significant curative effect. In addition, TCM is a kind of treatment with composite components and multiple targets, and so people are increasingly interested in its effective components and carry out extensive researches. This article summarized the experimental verification of SM extract and its components (tanshinone A, tanshinone B, tanshinone ⅡA, tanshinone I, protocatechuic aldehyde, polysaccharide, and total polyphenol acid) in various diabetes models in improving glucolipid metabolism, improving heart function in patients with diabetes, alleviating the motor and sensory deficits caused by diabetes, preventing the occurence of the diabetic retinopathy, recovery of liver and kidney structure and function damage in diabetic patients, and helping to resist high sugar-induced atrophic cavitation potential. It may inhibit hyperglycemia-induced vascular injury with polyol pathway activation, reduce the formation of advanced glycation end products, inhibit protein kinase C pathway activation and hexosamine pathway activation, and alleviate oxidative stress caused by excessive production of peroxides in mitochondrial electron transport chain during hyperglycemia to play a role of treatment, and provide reference for clinical application.

18.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 636-644, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903187

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The current study aims to explore precipitating and social risk factors for internet addiction (IA) in university undergraduate students, and to provide evidence for interventions and the early prevention of IA in different genders. @*Methods@#Four thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight college sophomores completed an online survey on their internet use-related behaviours and social risk factors. @*Results@#We found that more male (8.3%) than female students (5.4%) had moderate and severe IA. The main online activity in the moderate and severe IA groups was online gaming in males and online streaming in females. Roommates engaging in similar internetbased entertainment was a risk factor of IA only for males, while not being in a romantic relationship was a risk factor of IA for females only. Infatuation with the internet before college and adjustment problems for college life were shared risk factors for both genders in the mild and moderate IA groups. @*Conclusion@#IA was a common phenomenon in college students with shared and unique precipitating and social risk factors in males and females. The gender-sensitive risk factors for IA warranted earlier and individualized intervention and prevention strategies for IA in this population.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 505-508, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873454

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To observe the application effect of tobramycin eye drops combined with irrigation and probing of lacrimal passage in the treatment of infant dacryocystitis. <p>METHODS: Totally 158 infants(174 eyes)with dacryocystitis treated in the hospital between January 2018 and December 2019 were enrolled. They were randomly divided into observation group(79 cases, 85 eyes)and control group(79 cases, 89 eyes)according to the order of treatment. The observation group was treated with tobramycin eye drops combined with irrigation and probing of lacrimal passage, while the control group was treated with irrigation and probing of lacrimal passage alone. The therapeutic effects of two groups were evaluated. The number of successful probing, incidences of complications, changes in inflammatory factors \〖interleukin 6(IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein(hs-CRP)\〗 before and after treatment and satisfaction of family members were compared between two groups. <p>RESULTS: The total response rate and the success rate of one-time probing in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group(91.8% <i>vs</i> 76.4%, 94.1% <i>vs</i> 80.9%, <i>P</i><0.05). After treatment, the observation group had significantly lower levels of IL-6, TNF-α and hs-CRP than the control group(<i>P</i><0.05). The incidence rate of complications in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group(4.7% <i>vs</i> 14.6%, <i>P</i><0.05). Family members of the observation group had significantly higher satisfaction than those of the control group(96.2% <i>vs</i> 82.3%, <i>P</i><0.05). <p>CONCLUSION: Tobramycin eye drops combined with irrigation and probing of lacrimal passage can effectively strengthen the curative effect on infant dacryocystitis, improve the success rate of one-time treatment, control local infectious inflammation, and reduce the incidence of postoperative complications. Besides, family members are highly satisfied.

20.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 39-45, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883925

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of attention and interpretation therapy on fatigue and sleep quality in patients with gastrointestinal tumor during chemotherapy.Methods:From December 2018 to December 2019, eighty-four patients with gastrointestinal tumor hospitalized in two hospitals (third-grade class-A) in Ningxia were selected as the research objects. According to the random number table, they were divided into the control group and the observation group with 42 cases in each group. Patients in the two groups received routine care. On this basis, the observation group received 10 weeks of attention and interpretation therapy. Cancer patients fatigue scale and Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI) scale were used to evaluate before intervention, 10 weeks after intervention and 3 months after intervention. SPSS 17.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Independent sample t-test and repeated measure analysis of variance were used for comparison between groups. Results:(1) The time effect, inter group effect and interaction effect of fatigue total scores and each dimension score of the two groups were significant (all P<0.01). Further simple effect analysis showed that there were significant differences in the total score and each dimension score of fatigue between the control group and the observation group at 10 weeks after intervention and 3 months after intervention (all P<0.01). (2) The time effect, inter group effect and interaction effect of PSQI total score, sleep quality, sleep time, sleep disorder score were significant (all P<0.01), but the time effect, inter group effect and interaction effect of sleep efficiency, daytime dysfunction and hypnotic drug use score were not significant (all P>0.05). Further simple effect analysis showed that there were significant differences in PSQI total score, sleep quality, sleep time, sleep time and sleep disorder scores between the control group and the observation group 10 weeks after the intervention(PSQI total score (6.83±2.46) vs (10.79±1.01); sleep quality (1.00±0.22) vs (1.24±0.82); sleep time (0.91±0.26) vs (1.40±0.86); sleep time (1.00±0.20) vs (2.02±0.72); sleep disorder (0.79±0.22) vs (1.60±0.59) and 3 months after the intervention(all P<0.01). Conclusion:Attention and interpretation therapy can effectively alleviate the fatigue of gastrointestinal tumor patients during chemotherapy, and improve sleep quality.

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