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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 818-830, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922897

ABSTRACT

Licorice, one of the most commonly used medicinal materials in China, grows mainly in arid and semi-arid regions and has important economic and ecological values. Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factors in plants play an important role in regulating biological or abiotic stress responses, growth, and secondary metabolite synthesis. bZIP transcription factors in the published whole genome database of Glycyrrhiza uralensis were identified using bZIP sequences found in Arabidopsis thaliana genome as reference, and ABA-dependent bZIP genes were identified by using Illumina high-throughput sequencing. The physical and chemical properties, structure of the encoded proteins, and the gene expression patterns with exogenous ABA stress were analyzed. A total of 69 bZIP transcription factor genes were identified in G. uralensis, named Gubzip1-69, and they were divided into 10 subfamilies (A-I and S) according to their similarity to bZIPs of A. thaliana. By calculating the relative expression levels of the 69 GubZIPs genes under different concentrations of exogenous ABA stress, genes that may be involved in the regulation of ABA signaling pathways were identified, namely GubZIP1, GubZIP5, GubZIP8, GubZIP30, GubZIP33 and GubZIP56. The results of expression pattern analysis of these GubZIPs genes under exogenous ABA stress showed that the expression pattern of GubZIPs genes changed significantly with 50 mg·L-1 ABA. The relative expression levels of these genes decreased 3 h after treatment, and gradually increased 6 h after treatment. Except for GubZIP8, the relative expression levels of these genes were significantly increased after 12 h. Further research on the function of bZIP transcription factors of G. uralensis and elucidating their regulatory mechanisms should be of interest and will provide a scientific basis for cultivating high-quality cultivars of G. uralensis through molecular breeding methods.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907317

ABSTRACT

Craniopharyngioma mainly occurs in children aged 5 to 14 years.It′s one of the most common intracranial tumors for children.Although the overall survival rate of pediatric patients with craniopharyngioma has been significantly improved, the long-term quality of life still couldn′t be missed due to the fact that it could invade the important structures around the sellar area, such as the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and so on.The downward trend is observed among the 5-, 10- and 20-year overall survival rates.Compared with adult-onset patients, childhood-onset patients are at higher risk of hypothalamic involvement, endocrine dysfunction, obesity, have a lower long-term quality of life.In addition to a variety of physical diseases, pediatric patients with craniopharyngioma after surgery may also develop the psychological diseases.Craniopharyngioma should be recognized as a frequently chronic disease which requires constant monitoring of the consequences and medical resources for treatment in order to provide optimal quality of life for pediatric patients.This article reviews the craniopharyngioma-related researches in recent years on the long-term prognosis of childhood-onset patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906131

ABSTRACT

Diabetes is a worldwide public health problem that seriously threats human health. Long-term metabolic disorders, as the main cause of multi-system complications and death in the later stage of diabetes, can cause multi-system damage, leading to chronic progressive lesions in the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, blood vessels and other tissues and organs, as well as functional decline and failure. The low risk of side effects and new treatment strategies remain an area to be explored in clinical treatment of diabetes. Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (SM) is one of the commonly used herbs in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), with the main effect of activating blood circulation and removing blood stasis. In recent years, it has been found that SM shows good performance in lowering blood sugar and treating diabetes complications. Data mining information has also shown that the drugs of activating blood circulation and removing blood stasis are now common drugs in clinical treatment of diabetes, and SM has the highest use frequency, with significant curative effect. In addition, TCM is a kind of treatment with composite components and multiple targets, and so people are increasingly interested in its effective components and carry out extensive researches. This article summarized the experimental verification of SM extract and its components (tanshinone A, tanshinone B, tanshinone ⅡA, tanshinone I, protocatechuic aldehyde, polysaccharide, and total polyphenol acid) in various diabetes models in improving glucolipid metabolism, improving heart function in patients with diabetes, alleviating the motor and sensory deficits caused by diabetes, preventing the occurence of the diabetic retinopathy, recovery of liver and kidney structure and function damage in diabetic patients, and helping to resist high sugar-induced atrophic cavitation potential. It may inhibit hyperglycemia-induced vascular injury with polyol pathway activation, reduce the formation of advanced glycation end products, inhibit protein kinase C pathway activation and hexosamine pathway activation, and alleviate oxidative stress caused by excessive production of peroxides in mitochondrial electron transport chain during hyperglycemia to play a role of treatment, and provide reference for clinical application.

4.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 636-644, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903187

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The current study aims to explore precipitating and social risk factors for internet addiction (IA) in university undergraduate students, and to provide evidence for interventions and the early prevention of IA in different genders. @*Methods@#Four thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight college sophomores completed an online survey on their internet use-related behaviours and social risk factors. @*Results@#We found that more male (8.3%) than female students (5.4%) had moderate and severe IA. The main online activity in the moderate and severe IA groups was online gaming in males and online streaming in females. Roommates engaging in similar internetbased entertainment was a risk factor of IA only for males, while not being in a romantic relationship was a risk factor of IA for females only. Infatuation with the internet before college and adjustment problems for college life were shared risk factors for both genders in the mild and moderate IA groups. @*Conclusion@#IA was a common phenomenon in college students with shared and unique precipitating and social risk factors in males and females. The gender-sensitive risk factors for IA warranted earlier and individualized intervention and prevention strategies for IA in this population.

5.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 636-644, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895483

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The current study aims to explore precipitating and social risk factors for internet addiction (IA) in university undergraduate students, and to provide evidence for interventions and the early prevention of IA in different genders. @*Methods@#Four thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight college sophomores completed an online survey on their internet use-related behaviours and social risk factors. @*Results@#We found that more male (8.3%) than female students (5.4%) had moderate and severe IA. The main online activity in the moderate and severe IA groups was online gaming in males and online streaming in females. Roommates engaging in similar internetbased entertainment was a risk factor of IA only for males, while not being in a romantic relationship was a risk factor of IA for females only. Infatuation with the internet before college and adjustment problems for college life were shared risk factors for both genders in the mild and moderate IA groups. @*Conclusion@#IA was a common phenomenon in college students with shared and unique precipitating and social risk factors in males and females. The gender-sensitive risk factors for IA warranted earlier and individualized intervention and prevention strategies for IA in this population.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883925

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of attention and interpretation therapy on fatigue and sleep quality in patients with gastrointestinal tumor during chemotherapy.Methods:From December 2018 to December 2019, eighty-four patients with gastrointestinal tumor hospitalized in two hospitals (third-grade class-A) in Ningxia were selected as the research objects. According to the random number table, they were divided into the control group and the observation group with 42 cases in each group. Patients in the two groups received routine care. On this basis, the observation group received 10 weeks of attention and interpretation therapy. Cancer patients fatigue scale and Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI) scale were used to evaluate before intervention, 10 weeks after intervention and 3 months after intervention. SPSS 17.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Independent sample t-test and repeated measure analysis of variance were used for comparison between groups. Results:(1) The time effect, inter group effect and interaction effect of fatigue total scores and each dimension score of the two groups were significant (all P<0.01). Further simple effect analysis showed that there were significant differences in the total score and each dimension score of fatigue between the control group and the observation group at 10 weeks after intervention and 3 months after intervention (all P<0.01). (2) The time effect, inter group effect and interaction effect of PSQI total score, sleep quality, sleep time, sleep disorder score were significant (all P<0.01), but the time effect, inter group effect and interaction effect of sleep efficiency, daytime dysfunction and hypnotic drug use score were not significant (all P>0.05). Further simple effect analysis showed that there were significant differences in PSQI total score, sleep quality, sleep time, sleep time and sleep disorder scores between the control group and the observation group 10 weeks after the intervention(PSQI total score (6.83±2.46) vs (10.79±1.01); sleep quality (1.00±0.22) vs (1.24±0.82); sleep time (0.91±0.26) vs (1.40±0.86); sleep time (1.00±0.20) vs (2.02±0.72); sleep disorder (0.79±0.22) vs (1.60±0.59) and 3 months after the intervention(all P<0.01). Conclusion:Attention and interpretation therapy can effectively alleviate the fatigue of gastrointestinal tumor patients during chemotherapy, and improve sleep quality.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882763

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between the CYP21A2 genotype and the virilization severity in girls with classic 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD), so as to further the understanding of virilization in females and provide guidance for prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling. Methods:A total of 23 patients with two X chromosomes (46, XX) who were newly diagnosed with classic 21-OHD in Wuhan Children′s Hospital from August 2010 to March 2019 were included.These patients were divided into 3 groups according to the Prader grades of the degree of external genitalia masculinization.The 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) level, androstenedione (AND) level, testosterone (T) level, dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS) level and genotypes were recorded.The gene mutations were divided into the Null group(the enzyme activity was completely impaired), group A(1% of the normal enzyme activity was retained), group B(2% of the normal enzyme activity was retained) and group C(20%-60% of the normal enzyme activity was retained). The correlation between the gene variation of different Prader grades and the corresponding gene groups were analyzed.Results:All 23 girls showed different degrees of external genitalia masculi-nization.There was a significant positive correlation between the Prader grades and the type of gene variation ( rs=0.696, P<0.001). The gene group A and Null group were highly matched with the Prader Ⅳ(the matching rate: 77.8%). Eighty percent of girls with Prader Ⅱ and Prader Ⅲ were classified as the gene group B. The testosterone le-vel of girls with Prader Ⅳ at first diagnosis was significantly higher than that of girls with Prader Ⅱ [4.6(4.0, 15.0)μg/L vs.0.63(0.40, 1.39)μg/L]( χ2=15.117, P<0.05). Conclusions:There is a significantly positive and strong correlation between the degree of external genitalia masculinization and the degree of deficiency of enzyme activity caused by gene variation in girls with typical 21-OHD.It can provide reference for both parents carrying CYP21A2 gene in prenatal diagnosis, genetic counseling and individualized diagnosis and treatment.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882748

ABSTRACT

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a multisystemic complex genetic disorder caused by the lack of expression of genes associated with the 15q11.2-q13 region of the paternal chromosome.There are three main types of genetic mechanisms, deletion of the paternal critical region, maternal uniparental disomy and imprinting center defect.Genetic counseling can be carried out based on different genetic mechanisms of PWS, both re-fertility assessments and prenatal diagnoses were performed on couples whose children have already had the disease.The pathogeny and mechanism of PWS are complex.The rapid development of molecular genetics and related research have provided a basis for further understanding of this disease.In this paper, the advances in the genetics of PWS were reviewed.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 505-508, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873454

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To observe the application effect of tobramycin eye drops combined with irrigation and probing of lacrimal passage in the treatment of infant dacryocystitis. <p>METHODS: Totally 158 infants(174 eyes)with dacryocystitis treated in the hospital between January 2018 and December 2019 were enrolled. They were randomly divided into observation group(79 cases, 85 eyes)and control group(79 cases, 89 eyes)according to the order of treatment. The observation group was treated with tobramycin eye drops combined with irrigation and probing of lacrimal passage, while the control group was treated with irrigation and probing of lacrimal passage alone. The therapeutic effects of two groups were evaluated. The number of successful probing, incidences of complications, changes in inflammatory factors \〖interleukin 6(IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein(hs-CRP)\〗 before and after treatment and satisfaction of family members were compared between two groups. <p>RESULTS: The total response rate and the success rate of one-time probing in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group(91.8% <i>vs</i> 76.4%, 94.1% <i>vs</i> 80.9%, <i>P</i><0.05). After treatment, the observation group had significantly lower levels of IL-6, TNF-α and hs-CRP than the control group(<i>P</i><0.05). The incidence rate of complications in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group(4.7% <i>vs</i> 14.6%, <i>P</i><0.05). Family members of the observation group had significantly higher satisfaction than those of the control group(96.2% <i>vs</i> 82.3%, <i>P</i><0.05). <p>CONCLUSION: Tobramycin eye drops combined with irrigation and probing of lacrimal passage can effectively strengthen the curative effect on infant dacryocystitis, improve the success rate of one-time treatment, control local infectious inflammation, and reduce the incidence of postoperative complications. Besides, family members are highly satisfied.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827211

ABSTRACT

Pyrrosia petiolosa, Pyrrosia lingua and Pyrrosia sheareri are recorded as original plants of Pyrrosiae Folium (PF) and commonly used as Chinese herbal medicines. Due to the similar morphological features of PF and its adulterants, common DNA barcodes cannot accurately distinguish PF species. Knowledge of the chloroplast (cp) genome is widely used in species identification, molecular marker and phylogenetic analyses. Herein, we determined the complete cp genomes of three original species of PF via high-throughput sequencing technologies. The three cp genomes exhibited a typical quadripartite structure with sizes ranging from 158 165 to 163 026 bp. The cp genomes of P. petiolosa and P. lingua encoded 130 genes, whilst that of P. sheareri encoded 131 genes. The complete cp genomes were compared, and five highly divergent regions of petA-psbJ, matK-rps16, ndhC-trnM, psbM-petN and psaC-ndhE were screened as potential DNA barcodes for identification of Pyrrosia genus species. The phylogenetic tree we obtained indicated that P. petiolosa and P. lingua are clustered in a single clade and, thus, share a close relationship. This study provides invaluable information for further studies on the species identification, taxonomy and phylogeny of Pyrrosia genus species.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827208

ABSTRACT

As abscisic acid (ABA) receptor, the pyrabactin resistance 1-like (PYR/PYL) protein (named PYL for simplicity) plays an important part to unveil the signal transduction of ABA and its regulatory mechanisms. Glycyrrhiza uralensis, a drought-tolerant medicinal plant, is a good model for the mechanism analysis of ABA response and active compound biosynthesis. However, knowledge about PYL family in G. uralensis remains largely unknown. Here, 10 PYLs were identified in G. uralensis genome. Characterization analysis indicated that PYLs in G. uralensis (GuPYLs) are relatively conserved. Phylogenetic analysis showed that GuPYL1-3 belongs to subfamily I, GuPYL4-6 and GuPYL10 belong to subfamily II and GuPYL7-9 belongs to subfamily III. In addition, transcriptome data presented various expression levels of GuPYLs under different exogenous ABA stresses. The expression pattern of GuPYLs was verified by Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The study proved that GuPYL4, GuPYL5, GuPYL8 and GuPYL9 genes are significantly up-regulated by ABA stress and the response process is dynamic. This study paves the way for elucidating the regulation mechanism of ABA signal to secondary metabolites and improving the cultivation and quality of G. uralensis using agricultural strategies.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1056-1066, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821688

ABSTRACT

italic>Dendrobium moniliforme is an important source of Dendrobii Caulis and one of the main sources of authentic Fengdou. The complete chloroplast genome of D. moniliforme was sequenced using Illumina Hiseq technology and its gene map and genomic structure were analyzed. Then comparative and phylogenetic analysis of the complete chloroplast genomes of D. moniliforme and its related species were conducted. The chloroplast genome of D. moniliforme was 150 754 bp in length and had a typical quadripartite structure with a large single copy (LSC, 84 818 bp), a small single copy (SSC, 14 124 bp) and two inverted repeats (IRs, 25 906 bp each). A total of 123 chloroplast genes were annotated, including 77 protein-coding genes, 38 tRNA genes and 8 rRNA genes, of which 17 genes contained introns. Bioinformatics analysis identified 53 SSR sites, most of which had A-T base preference. A phylogenetic tree was constructed using the chloroplast genome sequences of 33 Dendrobium species. The results showed that Dendrobium complex species were clustered in a single large branch, indicating that they were closely related. This study provides a scientific basis for the identification of D. moniliforme and the phylogenetic relationship of D. moniliforme complex species necessary for Herbgenomics research.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872962

ABSTRACT

Objective::The complete chloroplast genome of Pyrrosia assimilis was sequenced, its sequence characteristics was analyzed and herbgenomics of P. assimilis was discussed. Method::Its complete chloroplast genome sequence was determined through high-throughput sequencing technology, and its structural characteristics and phylogenetic relationships were analyzed by bioinformatics. Result::The chloroplast genome of P. assimilis was a circular double-chain structure with a total length of 154 964 bp, and the total content of guanine and cytosine (GC) was 41.2%. A total of 131 genes were annotated, including 88 protein-coding genes, 35 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes and 8 ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes. A total of 43 dispersed repetitive sequences and 56 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were detected. The frequency of codon encoding leucine was the highest, while the number of codon encoding tryptophan was the lowest. Five highly divergent regions (psbA, rrn16, petA-psbJ, ndhC-trnM, and psbM-petN) were screened, phylogenetic analysis showed that P. assimilis was closely related to P. bonii. Conclusion::Comparative analysis of the complete chloroplast genome of P. assimilis reveals that non-coding regions exhibited a higher divergence than the coding regions, the large single copy region (LSC) and small single copy region (SSC) are more divergent than the reverse repeat region (IR), the selected five highly variable regions can be used as specific DNA barcodes for identification of Pyrrosia species. Study on the chloroplast genome of P. assimilis can provide a reference for the molecular identification, genetic transformation, expression of resistance protein and secondary metabolism pathway analysis of other Pyrrosia medicinal plants.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801739

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an effective classification and identification method for sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) maps of Rana dybowskii,its analogues and counterfeits based on cluster analysis and multivariate statistical analysis. Method:SDS-PAGE maps of 18 batches of R. dybowskii,its analogues and 2 counterfeits were obtained by SDS-PAGE method. SDS-PAGE maps were transformed into data matrix. NTSYSpc 2.10e statistical analysis software was used for cluster analysis,and SMICA-P 14.1 software was used for multivariate statistical analysis. Unsupervised Principal Component Analysis (PCA),Supervised Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) and Orthogonal Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (OPLS-DA) were performed for multivariate analysis and evaluation. Result:SDS-PAGE maps technology combined with cluster analysis and multivariate statistical analysis could accurately classify and identify R. dybowskii,its analogues and counterfeits. Cluster analysis could cluster four kinds of medicinal materials into four branches except No.1 medicinal materials. PCA results were superior to cluster analysis. Supervised PLS-DA and OPLS-DA results in multivariate statistical analysis were superior to unsupervised PCA. The classification and identification efficiencies of OPLS-DA were better than those of unsupervised PCA. OPLS-DA aggregated R. dybowskii,its analogues and 2 counterfeits into four groups. Six different protein components were obtained by comprehensive analysis of variable importance in projection (VIP) value, and OPLS-DA Bi load diagram,with relative molecular weights were 51.363,35.838,14.565,17.563,15.358 and 21.696 kDa,respectively. Conclusion:SDS-PAGE maps combined with cluster analysis and multivariate statistical analysis can be used as an effective method to classify and identify R. dybowskii,its analogues and counterfeits. This study provides a reference for the quality evaluation and screening of R. dybowskii.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800539

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the status and related factors of adverse pregnancy outcomes in pregnant women with syphilis infection in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.@*Methods@#A total of 9378 pregnant women with syphilis infection who were diagnosed by Guangxi medical and health care institutions at all levels and were registered in the national "Management information system for mother-to-child transmission of AIDS, syphilis and hepatitis B" . The delivery date of these pregnant women were from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2018, and their demographic characteristics, treatment, non-treponema pallidum titer, and pregnancy outcomes were collected. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the related factors of adverse pregnancy outcome.@*Results@#The age of the pregnant women with syphilitic infection was (30.05±6.07) years old. There were 1 184 cases with an adverse pregnancy outcome. The incidence of adverse pregnancy outcome was 12.63%, and 83.30% (7 812 cases) of patients received syphilis treatment, of which 50.32% (3 931 cases) were treated with standard treatment. The results of multivariate analysis showed that, the probability of an adverse pregnancy outcome for a 35-year-old was higher than those of the <25 year old [OR (95%CI)=1.37(1.13-1.67)]. The possibility of the occurrence of an adverse pregnancy outcome in 1-2 times of delivery was lower than that of 0 times of delivery in the past, with the OR (95%CI) value was 0.81 (0.70-0.94). Compared with those who tested for syphilis in the early stages of pregnancy, patients with gestational weeks ≥ 28 weeks of initial examination were more likely to have adverse pregnancy outcomes, with the OR (95%CI) value was 1.54 (1.26-1.88). Compared with the first test titer level was <1:8, the probability of an adverse pregnancy outcome was higher in the titer of ≥1:8, with the OR (95%CI) value was 1.33 (1.12-1.57). There was a higher probability of an adverse pregnancy outcome in the untreated patients compared to the treatment of the syphilitic, with the OR (95%CI) value was 1.41(1.19-1.68). Patients with unregulated treatment were more likely to have adverse pregnancy outcomes than those with standardized treatment, with the OR (95%CI) value was 1.27 (1.09-1.47).@*Conclusion@#Gestational weeks of first examination in pregnant women with syphilis infection, the first test titer, and the treatment condition were closely related to the occurrence of the adverse pregnancy outcome. Pregnant women with syphilis infection without treatment and unstandardized treatment were more likely to have adverse pregnancy outcomes than those of treatment and standardized treatment.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837930

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the influence of different time sampling modes on perfusion parameters and radiation dose of whole-brain computed tomography perfusion imaging (CTP), and to formulate an optimized scanning protocol for clinical diagnosis requirements. Methods Forty-seven consecutive patients, who underwent cerebral CTP scanning in our hospital between Nov. 2016 and Jun. 2017, were included in this study. Nineteen of them had acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and 28 had AIS symptoms, but no lesions were found by computed tomography or CTP. According to the time-attenuation curve, four scanning protocols were obtained: standard control group (group 1), sampling interval of 3 s (group 2), sampling interval of 3 s in pre-ascending and pro-descending period, and sampling interval of 1.5 s in the intermediate period (group 3), and smapling interval of 1.5 s between the peak of artery and vein and other sampling interval of 3 s (group 4). The perfusion parameters of all subjects were quantitatively measured. Subjective image quality was analyzed and radiation dose was calculated. Results In AIS and non-AIS groups, a total of 10 region of interests were placed in the ischemic area and contralateral brain parenchyma of each patient, and the total numbers of data points of perfusion parameters were 190 and 280, respectively. There were significant differences in blood flow, blood volume and mean transit time (MTT) between the AIS group and non-AIS group (all P0.01). However, inter-group analysis showed that there were no significant differences in the above perfusion parameters between group 3 and group 1 in both the AIS group and non-AIS group (all P0.05). Bland-Altman consistency analysis showed that group 3 and group 1 had good consistency of blood flow, blood volume and MTT in both the AIS group and non-AIS group. Compared with group 1 (standard control group), group 3 had better subjective score and lower radiation dose. Based on the sampling mode of group 3, 2 recommended scanning protocols were established and validated. The perfusion parameters of the 2 recommended scanning protocols were well correlated with those of group 1 in AIS patients and non-AIS patients (all P0.01). Conclusion The scanning protocol, in which sampling interval is 3 s in pre-ascending and pro-descending period and 1.5 s in intermediate period, is in good agreement with the standard scanning mode, and can reduce radiation dose. It may be a whole-brain CTP scanning protocol for the clinical settings.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744760

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of emotional resilience group training on fatigue and sleep quality of patients with gastrointestinal cancer.Methods A total of 321 hospitalized patients with gastrointestinal cancer were randomly divided into experimental group (160 cases) and control group (161 cases) by random number table.Two groups of patients were treated with routine nursing care.In addition,the experimental group was given 8 weeks of emotional resilience group training once a week.The effect of intervention was assessed by the cancer fatigue scale (CFS) and Pittsburgh sleep index (PSQI) before and after the intervention.Result There was no significant difference in CFS and PSQI between the two groups before intervention (t=0.18,1.82,P>0.05).After intervention,there was no significant difference in the total scores and each dimension scores of CFS and PSQI in the control group (P>0.05).The total scores of CFS and PSQI in the intervention group (13.72± 1.33 and 10.62± 1.01) were significantly lower than those before intervention (25.35 ± 2.07 and 17.38 ± 2.69).The dimensions of CFS,sleep quality,sleeping time,sleep disorder,hypnotic drug use and daytime dysfunction were significantly lower than those before intervention (P<0.01,P<0.05).After intervention,there were significant differences in scores of CFS,somatic,cognitive and emotional dimensions between the two groups (t=18.21,-36.94,-13.17,-6.17,P<0.01),and the scores of PSQI,sleep quality,sleeping time,sleep disorder,hypnotic use and daytime dysfunction were statistically different between the two groups (t=19.96,-82.86,-16.59,-9.39,-28.00,-9.25,P< 0.01).Conclusion Emotional resilience group training can effectively reduce the fatigue of patients with gastrointestinal cancer and improve sleep quality.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743436

ABSTRACT

Objective · To analyze the multidetector CT (MDCT) manifestations of mesenteric venous thrombosis (MVT) and further explore the diagnostic value of MDCT in acute and chronic MVT. Methods · MDCT findings of 47 MVT patients clinically confirmed in Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Second People's Hospital in Kashgar from January 2012 to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The mean CT value of thrombus on CT axial images of acute and chronic MVT was measured and calculated. According to CT values and CT manifestations, differences between the two groups were statistically analyzed. Results · Among 47 patients with MVT, there were 46 (97.87%) with filling defect of mesenteric vein and its branches, 34 (72.34%) with dilatation of blood vessels at the thrombosis site, 30 (63.82%) with intestinal wall thickening, 9 (19.15%) with enhanced delamination of intestinal wall, 11 (23.40%) with intestinal dilatation, 21 (44.68%) with ascites, and 25 (53.19%) with mesenteric edema. The mean CT value of MVT thrombus in acute group [ (42.88±17.77) HU] was higher than that in chronic group [ (31.80±6.18) HU] (P<0.05). The proportion of MVT with vasodilation and target sign in acute group was higher than that in chronic group (P<0.05). There was no difference in the ratio of other signs between the two groups. Conclusion · The MDCT findings of MVT patients are characteristic. CT value of thrombus, vasodilation and target sign are valuable in evaluating acute and chronic MVT.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743346

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the expression and clinical significance of free fatty acid receptor 4 (FFAR4) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) . Methods The expression of FFAR4 in HCC tissues and adjacent tissues of HCC patients was confirmed by 102 cases of liver resection and postoperative pathology, and the relationship between FFAR4 expression and clinical data of HCC patients was analyzed. Quantitative realtime PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were used to detect the expression of FFAR4 in 20 pairs of freshly frozen HCC and adjacent tissues,and the related literatures were reviewed. Results The expression rate of FFAR4 in HCC tissues was 64. 7% (66/102) ,and that in adjacent tissues was 15. 7% (16/102) . The difference in FFAR4 expression between the two groups was statistically significant (P < 0. 05) . The high expression of FFAR4 in HCC tissues was significantly correlated with tumor vascular invasion (P < 0. 05) ,TNM stage (P < 0. 01) ,and Edmondson classification (P < 0. 05) . qRT-PCR and Western blot showed that the expression of FFAR4 in HCC tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent tissues. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P < 0. 01,P< 0. 05) . Conclusion The expression of FFAR4 is significantly associated with the presence of vascular invasion,TNM staging, and Edmondson grading in HCC. High expression of FFAR4 may be closely related to the severity of HCC patients.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 746-752, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780163

ABSTRACT

The molecular identification of Ophiocordyceps sinensis and its adulterants was carried out by real-time fluorescent PCR with TaqMan probe. Genomic DNA was extracted from 100 samples of Ophiocordyceps sinensis and its adulterants. MEGA 7.0 software was used for comparative analysis to define the variable sites between Ophiocordyceps sinensis and its adulterants according to the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of ribosomal DNA (rDNA). A set of specific primers and TaqMan probe were designed using Primer Premier 6.0 software, and sensitivity and specificity studies were performed on two different real-time fluorescent PCR systems (Genesig q16 and Bio-Rad CFX96). The sensitivity study showed that the detectable DNA template concentration of Ophiocordyceps sinensis for the real-time fluorescent PCR was 0.016 ng·μL-1 in the Bio-Rad CFX96 system and 15.527 ng·μL-1 in the Genesig q16 system, respectively. Meanwhile, this method had good specificity for Ophiocordyceps sinensis on Genesig q16 and Bio-Rad CFX96 systems, so Ophiocordyceps sinensis could be clearly distinguished from Ophiocordyceps nutans, Cordyceps gunnii, Cordyceps militaris, Cordyceps cicadae, Cordyceps liangshanensis, Cordyceps gracilis. Our results indicate that real-time fluorescent PCR with TaqMan probe can be used to accurately identify Ophiocordyceps sinensis from its adulterants. This provides a technical method that has wide applications for market management and quality control of Chinese materia medica.

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