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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878887

ABSTRACT

In this study, the antioxidant property changes in fermented Ziziphi Spinosae Semen(FZSS) with Poria cocos were analyzed by DPPH, ABTS and FRAP methods. Then the content determination of active ingredients and ~1H nuclear magnetic resonance(~1H-NMR) spectroscopy were also used to investigate the mechanism of FZSS with P. cocos in enhancing the antioxidant activity. The results showed that the content of active ingredients such as total phenols, total saponins and total polysaccharides were significantly increased during the fermentation time. The results of ~1H-NMR metabonomics showed that the contents of amino acids such as leucine, lysine, valine and alanine, nitrogen compounds such as creatine, creatinine, and betaine, and secondary metabolites, for instance, jujuboside A and spinosin were higher after fermentation, and above components showed positive correlation with antioxidant capacity in Pearson correlation analysis. Therefore, it was inferred that the enhancement of antioxidant activity of FZSS may be the result of the joint action of various chemical components. This study preliminarily clarified the mechanism of FZSS in enhancing the antioxidant activity, and provided new research ideas for the product development and utilization of FZSS.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Poria , Semen , Wolfiporia , Ziziphus
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 283-288, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872622

ABSTRACT

Eight polyacetylenes were isolated from the extract of the stems and leaves of Chrysanthemum morifolium by various chromatographic methods. Their structures were determined as 2E,4E,12Z-tetradecatriene-1-pyrrolidine-1-oxo-8,10-diynoic (1), tetradeca-2E,4E,12E-trien-8,10-diynoic acid pyrrolidide (2), tetradeca-2E,4E-dien-8,10-diynoic acid pyrrolidide (3), tetradeca-2E,4E,10Z-trien-8-ynoic acid pyrrolidide (4), 2E,4E,12E-tetradecatriene-8,10-diynoic acid isobutylamide (5), 2E,4E-undecyldiene-8,10-diynoic acid isobutylamide (6), 2E,4E,10E-N-isobutyl-2,4,10-tetradecatrien-8-ynoic acid amide (7), and undeca-2E,4E-diene-8,10-diynoic acid phenylethylamide (8) by spectroscopic methods, including UV, IR, ESI-MS, HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR spectra. Among them, compound 1 is a new polyacetylene, and compounds 2-8 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Compounds 5-8 inhibited the proliferation of A549 cell significantly at certain concentration, showing potent antitumor activity.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885128

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features and treatment outcome of Kallmann syndrome(KS) caused by fibroblast growth factor receptor-1(FGFR1) gene mutation in 4 patients.Methods:Targeted next-generation sequencing(NGS) was performed on thirty KS and normosmic idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism(nIHH) patients. FGFR1 mutation was identified in four KS patients. The clinical data, laboratory and imaging examinations, and treatment outcome were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Four male patients, aging from 11 to 22 years old, presented as micropenis, and with olfactory dysfunction. Among them, two had history of cryptorchidism, three had history of cleft lip and palate repair surgery. The most severe patient presented with short stature, left microtia and dental agenesis. FGFR1 heterozygous mutation was identified in all four patients, two were point mutation(p.Y374X; p. E670K), and the other was frameshift mutation(p.S346Yfs*61; p.S723*fs*1). One patient, who started treatment of the pulsatile GnRH pump during his youth, succeeded in having two babies.Conclusion:Patients with Kallmann syndrome caused by FGFR1 mutation presents complex clinical manifestations. Besides dysosmia, micropenis, microrchidia, and delayed pubertal development are the main clinical manifestations in male patients. Symptoms such as cleft lip and palate are helpful for early recognition. Genotyping analysis is crucial to confirm the diagnosis. The pulsatile GnRH pump can produce satisfactory therapeutic effect, but the age of initiating therapy should be carefully considered.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882812

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical features, risk factors and prognostic effects of paradoxical response(PR)in children with tuberculous meningitis(TBM)during anti-tuberculosis treatment.Methods:The clinical and follow-up data of TBM children admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University between January 2013 and December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.The children were divided into the PR group and the non-PR group.Influencing factors of PR were selected by the univariate analysis, and independent risk factors were screened from these influencing factors by using the multivariate Logistic regression model.The effect of PR on long-term prognosis (≥9 months) of TBM was evaluated. Results:There were 31 cases(35.6%)with PR among the 87 TBM children enrolled, including 16 boys and 15 girls, with median age of 92(8-168)months.The median time for PR occurrence during the anti-tuberculosis treatment was 33(15-180)days.PR could present dete-rioration or recurrence of original symptoms, cerebrospinal fluid(CSF)deterioration and neuroimaging deterioration, accounting for 71.0%(22/31 cases), 80.6%(25/31 cases)and 51.6%(16/31 cases), respectively.Univariate analysis showed that stage Ⅱ, limb paralysis, cranial nerve palsy, positive tests of tuberculosis infection(T-SPOT), an increased lactate dehydrogenase(LDH)level in CSF, basilar meningeal enhancement, and tuberculosis infection outside the central nervous system were the influencing factors of the PR(all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that limb paralysis, cranial nerve palsy, an increased CSF-LDH level, and positive T-SPOT were independent risk factors of PR(all P<0.05). PR was not associated with prognosis( P=0.165). Conclusions:PR occurs in 35.6% of children with TBM.Limb paralysis, cranial nerve palsy, an increased CSF-LDH level and positive T-SPOT are independent risk factors of PR.PR does not adversely affect the outcome.Identifying PR is extremely important for the prevention of some clinical misunderstandings.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882223

ABSTRACT

Humans have been struggling for two centuries to reduce the health and economic burden caused by pneumococcal infection. Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), meningitis, and acute otitis media caused by pneumococcus occur worldwide, especially in infants, children and elderly. Pneumococcus is resistant to most antibiotics and vaccines remain the most effective measure against the pneumococcal epidemic. The development of the pneumococcal vaccine was initiated at the beginning of 21 century. In 2014, incidence and mortality of pneumococcal pneumonia and IPD induced by vaccine serotypes decreased accordingly after the introduction of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). Subsequently, the new challenge is to further improve the low response of some existing vaccine serotypes, include more serotypes in the PCV, and research on the application of PCV in specific populations. This review briefly describes the development of PCV.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879948

ABSTRACT

:To evaluate the impact of socioeconomic status,population mobility,prevention and control measures on the early-stage coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) development in major cities of China. : The rate of daily new confirmed COVID-19 cases in the 51 cities with the largest number of cumulative confirmed cases as of February 19,2020 (except those in Hubei province) were collected and analyzed using the time series cluster analysis. It was then assessed according to three aspects,that is, socioeconomic status,population mobility,and control measures for the pandemic. : According to the analysis on the 51 cities,4 development patterns of COVID-19 were obtained,including a high-incidence pattern (in Xinyu),a late high-incidence pattern (in Ganzi),a moderate incidence pattern (in Wenzhou and other 12 cities),and a low and stable incidence pattern (in Hangzhou and other 35 cities). Cities with different types and within the same type both had different scores on the three aspects. : There were relatively large difference on the COVID-19 development among different cities in China,possibly affected by socioeconomic status,population mobility and prevention and control measures that were taken. Therefore,a timely public health emergency response and travel restriction measures inside the city can interfere the development of the pandemic. Population flow from high risk area can largely affect the number of cumulative confirmed cases.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Cities , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Social Class
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878384

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The microRNA (miRNA) prognostic model can predict the prognosis of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) on the basis of bioinformatics. Moreover, it can accurately group OSCC patients to improve targeted treatment.@*METHODS@#We downloaded the miRNA and mRNA expression profile and clinical data of OSCC from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). The risk score model of miRNA was screened and established by univariate and multivariate Cox regression models. The performance of this prognostic model was tested by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and area under the curve (AUC). The target genes of six miRNAs were predicted and intersected with differential mRNA for enrichment analysis by Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) signaling pathway and gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis. A protein protein interaction network (PPI) was constructed to screen hub genes.@*RESULTS@#By using univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses, the prognostic risk model was obtained. The AUC of the ROC curve for predicting 5-year survival in the training group, test group, and whole cohort were 0.757, 0.673, and 0.724, respectively. Furthermore, univariate Cox regression and multivariate Cox regression considering other clinical factors showed that the six-miRNAs signature could serve as an independent prognostic factor (P<0.001). The top 10 hub genes in the PPI network screened by intersecting target genes include CCNB1, EGF, KIF23, MCM10, ITGAV, MELK, PLK4, ADCY2, CENPF, and TRIP13. EGF and ADCY2 were associated with survival prognosis (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The six-miRNAs signature could efficiently function as a novel and independent prognostic model for OSCC patients, which may be a new method to guide the accurate targeting treatment of OSCC.


Subject(s)
ATPases Associated with Diverse Cellular Activities , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins , Computational Biology , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , MicroRNAs , Mouth Neoplasms/genetics , Prognosis , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781805

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#To date, there is no effective treatment for thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO). Anlotinib, as a third-line therapy, is recommended for patients with refractory advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We presented a case report of a patient suffering from right lung squamous cell carcinoma combined with thromboangiitis obliterans, and analyzed the treatment dilemma, which provided a new idea for the treatment of these two diseases.@*METHODS@#A patient of right lung squamous cell carcinoma complicated with TAO was admitted to the department of respiratory and critical care medicine of the Shanghai General Hospital in August 2018. The diagnosis and treatment was retrospectively analyzed, and the literature was reviewed.@*RESULTS@#The 73-year-old male patient complained of cough and sputum for 5 months and was diagnosed with NSCLC (T4N2M0, stage IIIb, performance status score 2) in right upper lung by tracheoscopy biopsy. Pigmentation in both lower extremities accompanied by weakened pulse of dorsal foot artery was confirmed. He had a history of smoking, and suspected vascular intermittent claudication and wandering phlebitis for more than one year. Ultrasound indicated multiple arterial occlusion in both upper and lower extremities and deep venous thrombosis in lower extremities. TAO was diagnosed. Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) implantation and intravenous infusion post implantation failed and he could not receive chemotherapy. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signal pathway dysfunction is also involved in TAO. Anlotinib (12 mg qd po) was selected for treatment NSCLC and TAO, accordingly. He had partial response (PR) and the cancer kept stable for 14 months. At the same time, TAO improved.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Anlotinib effectively controlled the growth of NSCLC and improved TAO related symptoms. Anlotinib maybe normalize disordered growth of blood vessels through the VEGF signaling pathway, rather than simply inhibiting angiogenesis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829572

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence of soil-borne nematode infections among residents living in urban/town areas of China, so as to provide insights into the control and elimination of soil-borne nematodiasis. Methods A total of 5 epidemic areas were classified in China according to the prevalence of human Clonorchis sinensis infections captured from the 2014–2015 national survey on major human parasitic diseases in China, and the total sample size was estimated according to the binomial distribution and Poisson’s distribution. Then, the total sample size was allocated proportionally to each province (autonomous region, municipality) of China based on the percentage of residents living in urban and town areas, and the number of survey sites in each province (autonomous region, municipality) was proportionally assigned according to the percentages of residents living in urban and town areas. Then, stratified sampling was performed at county, township and community levels according to the number of sampling sites in each province (autonomous region, municipality), and the survey site (community) was defined as the smallest sampling unit. All permanent residents in the survey sites were selected as the study subjects, and their stool samples were collected for identification and counting of parasite egg using a Kato-Katz technique. The prevalence and intensity of each parasite species were calculated. Results From 2014 to 2015, among the 133 231 residents detected in 31 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) of China, the overall prevalence of soil-borne nematode infections was 1.23% (1 636/133 231), and the prevalence rates of hookworm, Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura infections were 0.77% (1 032/133 231), 0.32% (426/133 231) and 0.17% (224/133 231), respectively. The highest prevalence of soil-borne nematode infections was seen in Jiangxi (4.03%, 82/2 034) and Chongqing (4.03%, 524/13 012), followed by in Hainan (3.47%, 72/2 075). The prevalence of soilborne nematode infections was 1.07% (662/62 139) in men and 1.37% (974/71 092) in women, and the greatest prevalence was found in residents at ages of 65 to 70 years (2.56%, 219/8 569). With regard to occupations and education levels, herdsmen (2.47%, 2/81) and illiterate residents (3.33%, 226/6 795) were found to have the highest prevalence of soil-borne nematode infections, respectively. In addition, mild infections were predominantly identified in hookworm-, A. lumbricoides- and T. trichiura-infected individuals (all > 90%). Conclusions The overall prevalence of soil-borne nematodiasis remains low in urban and town areas of China; however, human infections are widespread. According to the epidemiological features, health education combined with deworming are recommended to reduce the prevalence of soil-borne nematode infections among residents living in urban and town areas of China.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829070

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) combined with pill on clinical symptoms, levels of serum sex hormone and Th2 cytokines in patients of decreased ovarian reserve function (DOR) with liver-kidney deficiency, and to compare the efficacy between EA combined with pill and pill alone.@*METHODS@#Sixty patients with DOR were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off). The patients in the control group were treated with pill, 1 pill each time, 3 times a day. Based on the treatment of the control group, the patients in the observation group were additionally treated with acupuncture at Guanyuan (CV 4), Zhongji (CV 3), Guilai (ST 29), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Taixi (KI 3) and Taichong (LR 3); EA was applied at bilateral Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6), with continuous wave, in frequency of 20 Hz and current intensity of 1 to 4 mA, for 20 min. The treatment was given 3 times a week. All the patients terminated treatment during menstrual period, and the treatment was given for 3 continuous menstrual cycles. The menstrual condition score and systemic symptom score were compared between the two groups before and after treatment. The levels of serum sex hormones on 2nd to 3rd day of menstruation, including follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and estradiol (E2), and the serums levels of interleukin (IL) -4 and IL-10 secreted by Th2 cytokines were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After the treatment, the menstruation condition scores and systemic symptom scores in the two groups were reduced (<0.05), and the scores in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<0.05). After the treatment, the levels of serum FSH, LH and FSH/LH were reduced (<0.05), and the E2 levels were increased in the two groups (<0.05), and the levels of FSH, LH in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<0.05), and the E2 level was higher than that in the control group (<0.05). After the treatment, the levels of serum IL-4 and IL-10 in the two groups were increased (<0.05), and the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA combined with pill could significantly improve menstruation, systemic symptoms and serum sex hormone levels in patients of decreased ovarian reserve function with liver-kidney deficiency, which may restore ovarian function by up-regulating the expression of Th2 cytokines.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829011

ABSTRACT

Objective@#High PM concentration is the main feature of increasing haze in developing states, but information on its microbial composition remains very limited. This study aimed to determine the composition of microbiota in PM in Guangzhou, a city located in the tropics in China.@*Methods@#In Guangzhou, from March 5 to 10 , 2016, PM was collected in middle volume air samplers for 23 h daily. The 16S rDNA V4 region of the PM sample extracted DNA was investigated using high-throughput sequence.@*Results@#Among the Guangzhou samples, , , , , and were the dominant microbiota accounting for more than 90% of the total microbiota, and was the dominant gram-negative bacteria, accounting for 21.30%-23.57%. We examined the difference in bacterial distribution of PM between Beijing and Guangzhou at the genus level; was found in both studies, but was only detected in Guangzhou.@*Conclusion@#In conclusion, the diversity and specificity of microbial components in Guangzhou PM were studied, which may provide a basis for future pathogenicity research in the tropics.


Subject(s)
Air Microbiology , Air Pollutants , Bacteria , Classification , China , Cities , Environmental Monitoring , Microbiota , Particle Size , Particulate Matter , RNA, Bacterial , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828380

ABSTRACT

In this study, citrate synthase gene(CIT2), and malate synthase gene(MLS1) were successfully knocked out in β-amyrin-producing yeast cells by using CRISPR/CAS9. The promoter of phosphoglucose isomerase gene(PGI1) was replaced by that of cytochrome c oxidase subunit Ⅶa(Cox9)to weaken its expression, aiming to channel more carbon flux into the NADPH-producing pathway. The fermentation results showed that CIT2 deletion had no effect on the β-amyrin production. Compared with the control strain, the production of β-amyrin was increased by 1.85 times after deleting MLS1, reaching into 3.3 mg·L~(-1). By replacing the promoter of PGI1, the β-amyrin yield was 3.75 times higher than that of the control strain, reaching up to 6.7 mg·L~(-1). This study successfully knocked out the CITT2 and MLS1 genes and weakened the PGI1 gene by using CRISPR/CAS9, which directly influenced the production of β-amyrin and provided some reference for the the metabolic engineering of triterpernoid producing strain.


Subject(s)
Ethanol , Fermentation , Metabolic Engineering , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Genetics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828357

ABSTRACT

This paper explores Mongolian medicine processing methods and the use regularity of excipient by text mining techniques. Relevant books of Mongolian medicine processing were consulted to collect data on Mongolian medicine processing methods and excipient, and select data based on processing methods and excipient noun frequency statistics. Microsoft Excel 2010 software was used for statistical analysis and mining for the usage regularity of different types of Mongolian medicinal materials in different periods. And Cytoscape 3.6.1 software was used for visual presentation. The topological analysis showed the top five processing methods were net production, development, frying, calcining and cooking, and the top five processing excipient were fresh milk, wine, urine, cream and mineral borax. Frequency analysis showed that the plant medicinal materials were mostly recorded in the 18~(th) and 21~(st) centuries, especially in the 21 st century; the processing methods mostly contained water processing, repair processing and other methods. The mineral medicinal materials were mostly recorded in the 18~(th), 19~(th) and 21~(st) centuries; most of the processing methods were the fire processing method. The animal medicinal materials were recorded in the 18~(th), 19~(th) and 21~(st) century; the fire processing method occupied a major position, and the repair processing and the grinding processing were markedly increased in the 21~(st) century. In the use of excipient, liquid excipient were mostly used in plant medicines. Solid excipient were most commonly used in the 18~(th) century. Animal excipient were mostly used during the processing in the 18~(th) century. The use of liquid excipient gradually increased in the 19~(th) and 21~(st) centuries. This study summarizes the traditional processing methods of Mongolian medicine and the usage regularity of excipient, defines the characteristics of Mongolian medicine processing methods and excipient, and the characteristics of the combination of medicinal materials and excipient, so as to provide reference for the clinical use of Mongolian medicine.


Subject(s)
Data Mining , Excipients , Medicine, Mongolian Traditional , Records , Software
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812935

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the epidemic status of Enterobius vermicularis infections among children aged 3 to 9 years in China, so as to provide scientific basis for the formulation of the prevention and control strategies for enterobiasis. Methods The national surveillance of enterobiasis was performed in 736 national surveillance sites (counties) from 30 provinces (municipalities/autonomous regions) in China from 2016 to 2018. All surveillance sites were classified into parts according to the geographical directions, including the eastern, western, southern, northern and middle parts, and a township was randomly selected from each part. Then, an administrative village was randomly selected from the township, and 200 permanent residents at ages of over 3 years living in the administrative village were randomly selected using the cluster sampling method. A total of 1 000 residents were examined in each surveillance site. E. vermicularis infections were detected among children at ages of 3 to 9 years using the modified Kato-Katz technique and the adhesive cellophane-tape perianal swab method, and the prevalence of infections was calculated and compared. Results The prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 2.50%, 2.84% and 2.46% among children at ages of 3 to 9 years in the 736 surveillance sites from 30 provinces (municipalities/autonomous regions) in China from 2016 to 2018, and there was no gender-specific prevalence of E. vermicularis infections (P > 0.05). Enterobiasis was main prevalent in the southern and southwestern part of China (Jiangxi, Guangxi, Guangdong, Sichuan, Fujian, Chongqing and Hainan), with 5.00% prevalence and greater, and the highest prevalence was seen in Jiangxi and Guangxi for successive 3 years. In addition, the prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was higher in children with the Han ethnicity than in those with the minority ethnicity, and a high prevalence was found in children at ages of 4 to 7 years, and a low prevalence seen in children at ages of 3, 8 and 9 years. Conclusions The prevalences of E. vermicularis infections have not changed much among children at ages of 3 to 9 years in China from 2016 to 2018, and high prevalence is seen in southern and southwestern China, which should be given a high priority.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867921

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the treatment of pseudoarticular scaphoid nonunion with bone graft and percutaneous fixation under wrist arthroscopy.Methods:Six patients with pseudoarticular scaphoid nonunion were treated with arthroscopic debridement, bong grafting and percutaneous fixation between October 2015 and October 2018 at Department of Hand Surgery, Xuzhou Renci Hospital. They were 5 men and one woman with 4 left and 2 right sides affected, aged from 28 to 51 years (mean, 39.5 years). The sclerotic bone was erased under wrist arthroscopy. Percutaneous fixation started after autoallergic cancellous bone chips were implanted and impacted through a sleeve inserted via the medial carpal approach. For the nonunion with a pseudarthrosis connecting the midcarpal and radiocarpal joints, we put an inflated Foley catheter through a 3/4 portal underneath the proximal edge of the pseudarthrosis to block the possible leakage of the small cancellous bone chips. The wrist functions were evaluated at the final follow-up using the modified Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS); the flexion-extension motion and ulnar-radial deviation of the wrist were recorded.Results:The operation time for the 6 patients ranged from 2 to 4 hours (average, 3.2 hours); their follow-up duration ranged from 6 to 15 months (average, 11.3 months). All the patients obtained bony union after 8 to 14 weeks (average, 12.1 weeks). The flexion-extension motion of their affected wrist ranged from 75° to 135° (average, 107.0°), accounting for 85% of that of the healthy side; the ulnar-radial deviation of their affected wrist ranged from 40° to 80° (average, 51.5°), accounting for 88% of that of the healthy side. MEPS at the final follow-up revealed 4 excellent, one good and one fair cases.Conclusion:Arthroscopic bone grafting and percutaneous fixation is a reliable and effective minimally invasive treatment for pseudarthrotic scaphoid nonunions.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864482

ABSTRACT

Objective:High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is a new method to treat adult respiratory distress. This study aims to explore the early predictors of the inefficiency of HFNC in patients with respiratory distress.Methods:A total of 162 patients with respiratory distress were treated with HFNC oxygen therapy in the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Emergency and Critical Care Medicine. The age, sex, weight, history, diagnosis, vital signs, blood oxygen saturation/inhaled oxygen concentration (SpO 2/FiO 2, SF) ratio, and modified respiratory distress score (mRDAI) , duration of HFNC oxygen therapy, replacement of advanced oxygen therapy support time, adverse reactions and other data were extracted from the medical electronic medical records. Results:A total of 154 valid samples were included, with a median age of 55 (inter-quartile range 47-72), including 59 patients (38.3%) with acute bronchiolitis, 64 patients (41.6%) with bacterial pneumonia, 31 patients (20.1%) with atypical or viral pneumonia; 129 patients (83.8%) with effective HFNC oxygen therapy and 25 patients (16.2%) with ineffective HFNC oxygen therapy. SF ratio in ineffective HFNC oxygen therapy patients at admission was lower, pH value was lower, partial pressure of carbon dioxide was higher ( P values were 0.008, 0.012, 0.001). RR, mRDAI score and SF ratio in the first hour of effective HFNC oxygen therapy patients improved significantly ( t values were 1.732, 9.783, 37.591, P<0.05 or 0.01). SF ratio in the first hour of HFNC was lower than 195 (area under curve 0.842, 95% CI 0.743-0.942, P<0.01). It was the critical value for the ineffectiveness of oxygen therapy. Conclusions:When patients with respiratory distress are supported by HFNC oxygen therapy, the lower initial fingertip oxygen saturation, higher blood gas arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide and lower SF ratio are the early predictors of failure of HFNC oxygen therapy.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 289-293, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789031

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents of Rehmanniae Radix Preparatawere prepared according to the traditional method of "jiu zheng jiu shai" and investigated using multiple chromatographic methods. Six alkaloids were isolated and their structures were elucidated from spectral data and physicochemical properties, as follows: rehmanniae alkaloid A (4-{[(5-O-á-D-galactopyranosyloxy)methyl]-1H-pyrrole-2-carbaldehyde-1-yl}butyric acidmethyl ester) (1), baimantuoluoamide B (2), capparisine C (3), harman-3-carboxylic acid (4), (2S)-1-[2-(furan-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-5-oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxylate (5), and 1-[2-(furan-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]pyrrolidin-2-one (6). Among them, compound 1 is a new alkaloid. Compounds 2-6 were newly isolated from Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch.The effect of compounds 1-6 on NRK-52e cell injury induced by LPS was investigated. The results show that compounds 1-3 exhibit protective effects against LPS-induced damage to NRK-52e cells.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873202

ABSTRACT

Objective:To reveal the dynamic changes of flavonoids secondary metabolites and relevant genes expressions in the process of germination of tartary buckwheat seeds by investigating the content of catechins,epicatechins,rutin,and quercetin,and the expressions of their relevant genes in tartary buckwheat sprouts and seedlings,in order to provide scientific basis for the selection of high-quality, high-nutrition tartary buckwheat sprouts.Method:Contents of catechin,epicatechin,rutin,and quercetin in tartary buckwheat sprouts and seedlings were detected by UPLC-ESI-QQQ-MS,and the expression levels of genes relating to flavonoids synthesis in tartary buckwheat sprouts and seedlings were detected by real-time quantitative PCR.Result:There were differences between tartary buckwheat sprouts and seedlings in the relative contents of catechin,epicatechin,rutin and quercetin,as well as the expressions of relevant genes in the synthesis pathway, including FtPAL,FtC4H,Ft4CL,FtCHS,FtCHI,FtF3H,FtF3'H,FtFLS,FtDFR,FtLAR,FtANS,FtANR. The contents of flavonoids and the expressions of relevant genes in tartary buckwheat sprouts were higher than those in tartary buckwheat seedlings.Conclusion:The higher accumulation of secondary metabolites and flavonoids in tartary buckwheat sprouts may be related to tartary buckwheat seeds' resistance to the external environment in the initial growth stage of germination. From the perspective of application,there are more flavonoids in tartary buckwheat sprouts than in tartary buckwheat seedlings, indicating that tartary buckwheat sprouts have a higher nutritional value.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873138

ABSTRACT

" Basaga" is one of the commonly used medicinal materials in Mongolian medicine. It has a long history and effects in cooling blood, stopping stabbing pain and detoxifying. The " Basaga" in Mongolian medicine compound preparations have been widely used in various Mongolian hospitals because of its remarkable clinical efficacy. However, due to the differences in inheritance, medicinal parts and plants in Inner Mongolia, the phenomena of homonym and synonym in the application of " Basaga" have been very obvious, which leads to confusion in clinical use, and challenges the safety and effectiveness of this kind of Mongolian medicine. To understand the application of " Basaga" in Mongolian medicine compound preparation, and collect and summarize the types of " Basaga" preparations and the variety of " Basaga" used in preparations and formulations, functional indications and clinical applications were analyzed and collected based on standards and specifications of Mongolian medicine, the application of Mongolian medicine hospitals and Mongolian medicine hospital' s preparation room in Inner Mongolian, and relevant documents in recent years were reviewed. The data can provide references for optimizing and improving " Basaga" , Mongolian medicine standards and the overall standard level. What' s more, the basic data for strengthening the comprehensive development and research of " Basaga" in Mongolian medicine compound preparations in future, so as to ensure and improve the accuracy and clinical effectiveness of " Basaga" in prescriptions of Mongolian patent medicine, and lay a foundation for rational use and modern research of " Basaga" Mongolian medicine.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824973

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture plus drug anesthesia on pain and stress response in patients after radical surgery for stomach cancer.Methods: A total of 60 patients were randomized into a control group and an observation group by the random number table, with 30 cases in each group. The control group was given conventional drug anesthesia. The observation group was given additional electroacupuncture intervention. Before anesthesia and 2 h, 12 h and 24 h after surgery, the visual analog scale (VAS) was scored, the heart rate, the mean arterial pressure, and the levels of serum β-endorphin (β-EP) and adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) were measured. Results: Two hours, 12 h and 24 h after surgery, the VAS scores of both groups were higher than those before anesthesia (all P<0.05), and the VAS scores in the observation group were lower than those in the control group at the same time points (all P<0.05). Two hours, 12 h and 24 h after surgery, the heart rates and mean arterial pressures in the control group were significantly higher than those before anesthesia (all P<0.05), while there were no significant intra-group differences in the observation group (all P>0.05), and the indicators were lower than those in the control group at the same time points (all P<0.05). Two hours, 12 h and 24 h after surgery, the serum β-EP levels in the observation group were significantly higher than those before anesthesia (all P<0.05), and significantly higher than those in the control group at the same time points (all P<0.05). Two hours, 12 h and 24 h after surgery, the serum ACTH levels in the control group were significantly higher than those before anesthesia (all P<0.05), and were significantly higher than those in the observation group at the same time points (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Electroacupuncture plus drug anesthesia can significantly relieve pain and stress response in patients after radical surgery for stomach cancer.

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