Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 414
Filter
1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 167-171, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-952160

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the clinical effect and stability of biological amnion membrane coverage combined with corneal bandage lens for patients with chemical burns of ocular surface.METHODS: Retrospective study. The clinical data of 49 cases(49 eyes)of patients with chemical burns of ocular surface treated in our hospital between December 2018 and August 2021 were collected. They were divided into the biological amnion membrane coverage group and the biological amnion membrane coverage combined with corneal bandage lens group according to the surgical method. The loss time of biological amniotic membrane, postoperative pain score, repair rate and time of ocular surface, visual acuity and complications were compared between the two groups.RESULTS: The ocular pain scores of the two groups were 2.208±0.758(the biological amnion membrane coverage group)and 2.063±0.800(the biological amnion membrane coverage combined with corneal bandage lens group)at 1d after surgery, respectively(P>0.05). But at the 3d and 7d after surgery, pain scores were 1.844±0.762 and 1.150±0.582, 1.684±0.820 and 0.750±0.514, respectively(all P<0.05). The loss time of biological amniotic membrane in the biological amnion membrane coverage combined with corneal bandage lens group was 10.75±2.63d, which was longer than that in the biological amnion membrane coverage group(7.60±2.22d; P<0.05). Moreover, it has better ocular surface repair effect than the biological amnion membrane coverage group. At 6mo after operation, visual acuity in the two groups was 0.30(0.10, 0.55)and 0.30(0.20, 0.58), respectively(P>0.05). Additionally, there was no differences in the complications of both groups(P>0.05).CONCLUSION:Biological amnion membrane coverage has effective treatment effects on patients with chemical burns of ocular surface, and it can delay the loss time of biological amniotic membrane, increase repair rate of ocular surface and alleviate postoperative discomfort if combined with corneal bandage lens.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 202-206, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935505

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical and pathologic features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of congenital hemangioma (CH). Methods: Forty cases of CH were diagnosed from January 2017 to December 2020 in Henan Provincial People's Hospital. The clinical and pathological and immunohistochemical data were analyzed, with review of literature. Results: There were 24 male and 16 female patients. The lesions were located in the head, neck (11 cases), limbs (14 cases), and trunk (15 cases). The clinical manifestations were congenital painless plaques or masses, the larger ones protruded on the skin surface, mostly dusky purple or bright red, with surrounding white halos. Under low magnification, the tumor was lobular and well demarcated, composed of neo-microvascular lumen of different sizes. The vascular endothelial cells were cuboidal or hobnail in appearance, forming stellar drainage vessels within the lobules. Extra-medullary hematopoiesis was seen in one case of rapidly involuting CH; there were different number of tortuous and dilated vascular lumen between the lobular structures, and some non-involuting CH cases were vascular malformations, which were devoid of lobulated structures. Immunohistochemistry showed that endothelial cells were strongly positive for CD31, CD34 and ERG, while D2-40 and GLUT-1 were negative. Conclusions: CH is a benign congenital vascular tumor with characteristic lobulated growth and abnormal blood vessels in the stroma. Pathological diagnosis often needs to be differentiated from infantile hemangioma, pyogenic granuloma, kaposiform hemangioendothelioma and vascular malformation.


Subject(s)
Endothelial Cells/pathology , Female , Hemangioendothelioma/pathology , Hemangioma/pathology , Humans , Kasabach-Merritt Syndrome/pathology , Male , Sarcoma, Kaposi/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 160-165, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935121

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the diagnosis value of myocardial work (MW) in evaluating left ventricular global systolic function among acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients with preserved ejection fraction (LVEF). Methods: This study was a diagnostic trial in a prospective case-control design. AMI patients with preserved LVEF were enrolled as AMI(LVEF>50%) group and age and sex-matched healthy individuals undergoing healthy checkup in our hospital were collected as control group. Two-dimensional dynamic images, including standard apical two-chamber, long-axis and four-chamber views in 3 consecutive cardiac cycles were acquired. General clinical data, routine echocardiography and myocardial work parameters were obtained from all subjects. The indices were compared between the two groups. Intra-observer and inter-observer repeatability of myocardial work parameters were evaluated by intra-group correlation coefficient (ICC). Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the diagnostic value of global constructive work (GCW), global wasted work (GWW), global work efficiency (GWE) and global work index (GWI) on the reduction of left ventricular global systolic function in AMI(LVEF>50%) group. Results: There were 30 patients in AMI(LVEF>50%) group, the age was (67.3±9.7)years, and 14 cases were female(46.7%). Thirty participants were included in the control group, the age was (68.1±8.6)years, and 12 cases were female (40.0%). Compared with the control group, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESD), interventricular septum thickness (IVSD), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), peak early diastolic velocity of mitral orifice/tissue Doppler velocity of posterior mitral annulus (E/e), left ventricular mass (LVM), left ventricular mass index (LVMI) were significantly higher, while E and e values were significantly lower in AMI (LVEF>50%) group (all P<0.05). Compared with the control group, GCW ((1 145.9±440.1)mmHg% (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) vs. (1 425.7±355.4)mmHg%), GWE ((80.9±9.5)% vs. (87.3±5.5)%), GWI ((1 001.3±416.2)mmHg% vs. (1 247.6±341.7)mmHg%) and the absolute value of long axis integral strain (GLS) ((8.5±3.4)% vs. (11.4±3.7)%) were significantly lower, while peak strain dispersion(PSD)((101.3±66.4)ms vs. (74.7±31.9)ms) was significantly higher in AMI(LVEF>50%) group (P all<0 05). There was no significant difference in GWW((177.2±71.1)mmHg% vs. (155.7±64.6)mmHg%) between the two groups (P>0.05). The reproducibility of GCW, GWW, GWE and GWI within and between observers were satisfactory (all ICC>0.75). ROC curve analysis showed that all four parameters, GCW, GWW, GWE, and GWI, could be used for the diagnosis of reduced left ventricular systolic function in patients with AMI (LVEF>50%), and their areas under the ROC curve were 0.896,0.929,0.808,0.862. Conclusion: Myocardial work assessment is valuable on diagnosing left ventricular global systolic function reduction in AMI patients with preserved LVEF.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Myocardial Infarction/diagnostic imaging , Reproducibility of Results , Stroke Volume , Systole , Ventricular Function, Left
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934172

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the method and effect of repairing fingertip defect and soft tissue defect in donor area by relay flap with suture nerve.Methods:From January 2017 to May 2019, 11 cases of fingertip defects were repaired with reverse island fascial pedicle flap of dorsal digital artery sutured with nerve, with a flap area of 0.6 cm×1.2 cm-1.6 cm×2.0 cm, and the flap donor area was repaired with dorsal metacarpal artery cutaneous branch flap. The patients were followed-up by outpatient, reexamination and WeChat interviews.Results:Twenty-two flaps of 11 cases survived completely and the wound healed in stage I. The postoperative follow-up ranged from 3 to 36 months, with an average of 13 months. The flap and pedicle were not bloated, the shape of finger was satisfactory, the texture was soft, and the skin color was close to the skin of finger. Sensory recovery≥S 3. The TPD of the flap was 6-11 mm, with an average of 8.4 mm. Hand function was evaluated according to the Trial Standard of Upper Limb Function Evaluation of Chinese Medical Association: excellent in 10 cases and good in 1 case. The patients were satisfied with the repair effect and resumed their daily life and work. Conclusion:This operation is simple, does not need to sacrifice the main blood vessels and nerves, can restore the good shape and sensction of the affected finger, with the activity close to normal. It is an effective method to repair the fingertip defect.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 116-121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933174

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of the combination of 18F-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) PET/CT and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) in identifying the grade group of prostate cancer, using parameters derived from the two imaging modalities. Method:Prostate cancer patients diagnosed by histopathology and received 18F-PSMA PET/CT and mpMRI during September 2018 to May 2021 in our hospital were retrospectively studied. The median age was 68(64-75), with the median PSA level of 14.74(7.75-24.19)ng/mL. All patients received mpMRI before biopsy. On biopsy, 6(12.2%) patients had International Society of Urological Pathology grade group(ISUP GG) 1 diseases, 16(32.7%) had ISUP GG 2 diseases, 12(24.5%) had ISUP GG 3 diseases, and 15(10.9%) had ISUP GG 4 or 5 diseases. Patients were then divided into high-grade group (ISUP 4-5) and low-grade group(ISUP 1-3). The median age of patients in high-grade group and low-grade group were 65(62-76) and 71(65-74), respectively. The PSA level in high-grade group and low-grade group were 15.11(6.63-42.86) ng/ml and 12.31(7.94-18.25) ng/ml, respectively. No significant differences were found in age and PSA level between the two groups ( P=0.334, P=0.448). All patients underwent 18F-PSMA PET/CT within 4 weeks after biopsy. The maximum standardized uptake value(SUV max) and the minimum apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC min)were recorded, and the ratio of SUV max/ ADC minwere calculated. The correlation between the above parameters and ISUP grade group were analyzed.The diagnostic value of the parameters was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:The data of 49 patients were analyzed. The average ADC minwas (0.57±0.16)×10 -3 mm 2/s, with the average SUV max and SUV max/ADC min of 15.30±12.54 and (29.69±23.72)×10 3, respectively. Statistical differences were found in SUV max ( P=0.012) and SUV max/ADC min ( P=0.002) between the high- and low-grade groups, while ADC min ( P=0.411) showed no statistical differences between the two groups. Significant positive correlations were found between SUV max(r=0.501, P<0.001), SUV max/ADC min (r=0.527, P<0.001) and ISUP grade group, respectively. There was a negative correlation between ADC min and ISUP grade group (r=-0.296, P=0.039). SUV max/ADC min was the best index to distinguish high-grade group from low-grade group prostate cancer with the area under the curve(AUC) of 0.749. In contrast, the AUC of SUV maxand ADC min were 0.731 and 0.615, respectively. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of SUV max/ADC min were 73.3% and 85.3%, respectively, with a critical value of 37.23×10 3. Conclusion:The combination use of 18F-PSMA PET/CT and mpMRI could improve the diagnostic efficiency for prostate cancer, compared to either modality alone. The ratio of SUV max/ADC min has a positive correlation with ISUP grade group, and is a promising index for distinguishing the high-grade prostate cancer from low-grade cancer.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1224-1227, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929512

ABSTRACT

AIM: To provide guidance for more accurate measurement of axial length(AL)of difficult measuring eyes by comparing the differences in the AL of the patient's difficult measuring eye with three methods of the sitting position, supine position A-scan and Lenstar 900(Lenstar, LS900). METHODS: Clinical case-control study. We selected 102 cases(102 eyes)including cataract patients with combined silicone oil filled, vitreous hemorrhage or retinal detachment and patients with dislocation of the lens or IOL in Zhengzhou Second Hospital from May 2019 to September 2020. AL were measured using LS900 and A-scan on sitting position and supine position respectively, and the results of the three methods were statistically analyzed.RESULTS: The detection rates of LS900 and A-scan axial measurement were 83% and 100% respectively. Three methods of A scan in sitting position, supine position and LS900 to measure the overall AL, silicone oil group, lens dislocation group and vitreous hemorrhage group, the differences were statistically significant(P&#x003C;0.001), The mean values of AL measured by overall A-scan, supine positions of silicone oil group, supine position of lens dislocation group and vitreous hemorrhage group were statistically significant differences with LS900 measurement(all P&#x003C;0.05), while there was no statistical difference between the results of the overall sitting position and the difficult measuring eye groups' sitting position compared with the LS900 measurement of AL. The three measurements showed good consistency within the 95% consistency range, but the result of A-scan on sitting position was closer to LS900.CONCLUSION: Changing the conventional decubitus position to the sitting position can improve the accuracy of the measurement results and provide clinicians with more reliable guidance for the treatment of patients with difficult measuring eyes of A-scan axial measurement, especially in diseases with altered ocular structure.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1840-1844, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929425

ABSTRACT

Seven nucleoside compounds were isolated from the Oenothera biennis L. by various chromatographic techniques such as Diaion HP-20, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, MCI and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data, and determined as 9-(3′-carbonyl methyl)hydroxypurine (1), 1-(3′-carbonyl methyl)purine-6,8-dione (2), N-methyl-2-pyridone-5-carboxamide (3), uracil (4), uridine (5), thymidine (6) and 2′-Ο-methoxy luridine (7). Compound 1 is a new nucleoside and compounds 2-7 were newly isolated from the Oenothera biennis L. Compounds 1-2 can significantly increase the viability of BEAS-2B cells induced by TGF-β1, showing potent anti-pulmonary fibrosis activity.

8.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 968-972, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953135

ABSTRACT

In the field of wound repair, scarless healing and complete reconstruction of skin function are major challenges in clinical and basic research. At present, a variety of artificial dermal scaffolds have been used in the clinical repair of wounds to overcome the problems such as skin structural disorders caused by tissue defects. The biomaterials used to make artificial dermal scaffolds in skin and tissue engineering research mainly include three categories: natural biomaterials, biosynthetic materials, and organic polymer materials. This review summarizes the biocompatibility, bioactivity, and degradability of biomaterials and their effects on wound healing, and provides an overview of artificial dermal scaffold construction strategies based on biomaterials, wound healing cells, and associated cytokines.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry , Skin, Artificial , Skin , Polymers/chemistry , Cytokines
9.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 1045-1053, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-952856

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical epidemiological characteristics including composition of pathogens , clinical characteristics, and disease prognosis acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) in Chinese children. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical and laboratory data of 1 610 children <15 years of age with ABM in 33 tertiary hospitals in China from January 2019 to December 2020. Patients were divided into different groups according to age,<28 days group, 28 days to <3 months group, 3 months to <1 year group, 1-<5 years of age group, 5-<15 years of age group; etiology confirmed group and clinically diagnosed group according to etiology diagnosis. Non-numeric variables were analyzed with the Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test, while non-normal distrituction numeric variables were compared with nonparametric test. Results: Among 1 610 children with ABM, 955 were male and 650 were female (5 cases were not provided with gender information), and the age of onset was 1.5 (0.5, 5.5) months. There were 588 cases age from <28 days, 462 cases age from 28 days to <3 months, 302 cases age from 3 months to <1 year of age group, 156 cases in the 1-<5 years of age and 101 cases in the 5-<15 years of age. The detection rates were 38.8% (95/245) and 31.5% (70/222) of Escherichia coli and 27.8% (68/245) and 35.1% (78/222) of Streptococcus agalactiae in infants younger than 28 days of age and 28 days to 3 months of age; the detection rates of Streptococcus pneumonia, Escherichia coli, and Streptococcus agalactiae were 34.3% (61/178), 14.0% (25/178) and 13.5% (24/178) in the 3 months of age to <1 year of age group; the dominant pathogens were Streptococcus pneumoniae and the detection rate were 67.9% (74/109) and 44.4% (16/36) in the 1-<5 years of age and 5-<15 years of age . There were 9.7% (19/195) strains of Escherichia coli producing ultra-broad-spectrum β-lactamases. The positive rates of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture and blood culture were 32.2% (515/1 598) and 25.0% (400/1 598), while 38.2% (126/330)and 25.3% (21/83) in CSF metagenomics next generation sequencing and Streptococcus pneumoniae antigen detection. There were 4.3% (32/790) cases of which CSF white blood cell counts were normal in etiology confirmed group. Among 1 610 children with ABM, main intracranial imaging complications were subdural effusion and (or) empyema in 349 cases (21.7%), hydrocephalus in 233 cases (14.5%), brain abscess in 178 cases (11.1%), and other cerebrovascular diseases, including encephalomalacia, cerebral infarction, and encephalatrophy, in 174 cases (10.8%). Among the 166 cases (10.3%) with unfavorable outcome, 32 cases (2.0%) died among whom 24 cases died before 1 year of age, and 37 cases (2.3%) had recurrence among whom 25 cases had recurrence within 3 weeks. The incidences of subdural effusion and (or) empyema, brain abscess and ependymitis in the etiology confirmed group were significantly higher than those in the clinically diagnosed group (26.2% (207/790) vs. 17.3% (142/820), 13.0% (103/790) vs. 9.1% (75/820), 4.6% (36/790) vs. 2.7% (22/820), χ2=18.71, 6.20, 4.07, all P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the unfavorable outcomes, mortility, and recurrence between these 2 groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The onset age of ABM in children is usually within 1 year of age, especially <3 months. The common pathogens in infants <3 months of age are Escherichia coli and Streptococcus agalactiae, and the dominant pathogen in infant ≥3 months is Streptococcus pneumoniae. Subdural effusion and (or) empyema and hydrocephalus are common complications. ABM should not be excluded even if CSF white blood cell counts is within normal range. Standardized bacteriological examination should be paid more attention to increase the pathogenic detection rate. Non-culture CSF detection methods may facilitate the pathogenic diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Brain Abscess , Child , Child, Preschool , Escherichia coli , Female , Humans , Hydrocephalus , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Meningitis, Bacterial/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Streptococcus agalactiae , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Subdural Effusion , beta-Lactamases
10.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 762-768, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-952808

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the risk factors and antibiotics-resistant patterns of invasive Acinetobacter baumannii infection in Children. Methods: This retrospective study was conducted in 6 tertiary hospitals from January 2016 to December 2018. The basic information, clinical data and the results of antimicrobial susceptibility testing were collected from the 98 pediatric inpatients with Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from blood or cerebrospinal fluid and analyzed. According to the susceptibility of the infected strains to carbapenems, they were divided into carbapenem-sensitive Acinetobacter baumannii (CSAB) group and carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) group. According to the possible sources of infection, they were divided into nosocomial infection group and community infection group. Chi-square test or Fisher exact test were used to analyze categorical variables and rank sum test were used to analyze continuous variables. The risk factors of invasive CRAB infection in children were analyzed by Logistic regression. Result: There were 56 males and 42 females in 98 cases. The onset age of patients was 8 (2, 24) months. There were 62 cases (63%) from rural area. A total of 87 cases (89%) were confirmed with bloodstream infection, and 12 cases (12%) confirmed with meningitis (1 case was accompanied with bloodstream infection). In these patients, 66 cases (67%) received invasive medical procedures or surgery, 54 cases (55%) received carbapenems-containing therapy. Twenty-four cases were infected with CRAB, and 74 cases with CSAB. The onset age of cases in CRAB group was lower than that in CSAB group (4 (1, 9) vs. 10 (4, 24) months, Z=-2.16, P=0.031). The proportions of hospitalization in intensive care unit, carbapenem antibiotics using, pneumonia and adverse prognosis in CRAB group were higher than those in CSAB group (6 cases (25%) vs. 4 cases (5%), 18 cases (75%) vs. 36 cases (49%), 17 cases (71%) vs. 17 cases (23%), 6 cases (25%) vs. 4 cases (5%), χ2=5.61, 5.09, 18.32, 5.61, all P<0.05). Seventy-seven cases were nosocomial infection and 21 cases were hospital-acquired infection. The proportion of children hospitalized in high-risk wards for nosocomial infections, length of hospitalization, number of antimicrobial therapy received and duration of antimicrobial therapy were higher in the hospital associated infection group than those in the community acquired infection group (all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that children from rural area (OR=8.42, 95%CI 1.45-48.88), prior mechanical ventilation (OR=12.62, 95%CI 1.31-121.76), and prior antibiotic therapy (OR=4.90, 95%CI 1.35-17.72) were independent risk factors for CRAB infection. The resistance percentage of CSAB isolates to many classes of antibiotics was <6% except to gentamicin, which was as high as 20% (13/65). All CRAB isolates of resistant to ampicillin-sulbactam (20/20), cefepime (23/23), piperacillin (17/17), meropenem (23/23) and imipenem (24/24) were 100%. The resistance percentage to other antibiotics were up to 42%-96%. Conclusions: Most of invasive Acinetobacter baumannii infection in children in China are hospital-acquired. The outcome of invasive CRAB infection was poorer than that of CSAB infection. The drug resistance rate of CRAB strains isolated is high. Living in rural area, prior invasive mechanical ventilation and prior antibiotic therapy were independent risk factors for invasive CRAB infection. The prevention and control of nosocomial infection and appropriate use of antibiotics to reduce Acinetobacter baumannii infection.


Subject(s)
Acinetobacter Infections/epidemiology , Acinetobacter baumannii , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Carbapenems/therapeutic use , Child , Cross Infection/epidemiology , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sepsis
11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 1214-1220, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-952429

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of ultrasound diagnosis of thyroid micro-malignant nodules and accumulate practical experience for the management of active surveillance for them, so as to avoid overtreatment. Methods: A total of 949 patients who were diagnosed with thyroid malignant nodules using ultrasonography, with the nodules being less than 1 cm in size and without regional lymph node metastasis or distant metastasis, were included. They were treated by the same surgeon of the Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from February 2014 to December 2020. 112 patients chose immediate surgery. The rest patients were asked to accept ultrasound examination every 6 months to 1 year. Follow-up endpoints: tumor size growth of 3 mm, tumor volume increase greater than 50%, lymph node metastasis or distant metastasis. Results: The median follow-up time was 19 months. 713 patients underwent surveillance for more than 6 months. Of the 713 patients, 570 (79.9%) were women, with mean age at 43.5 years old. Tumor progression was observed in 47 (6.6%) patients with a cumulative incidence of 2.7% (1 year), 7.2% (2 years) and 9.5% (3 years). In multivariate analysis, patient age [HR=0.508, 95%CI: 0.275-0.939, P=0.031], lesion number [HR=2.945, 95%CI: 1.593-5.444, P=0.001] and tumor size [HR=2.245, 95%CI: 1.202-4.192, P=0.011] at the beginning of observation were independent risk factors for tumor progression in patients with minimal thyroid malignant nodules during follow-up. During a median (range) active surveillance of 19 (6-80) months, 74 patients chose surgery during the surveillance. Among the 186 patients who underwent surgery, only 3 patients were diagnosed with fibrotic nodules in pathology, while the rest were papillary thyroid carcinoma. The ultrasound accuracy reached 98.4%(183/186). Conclusions: Ultrasonography is an effective method of diagnosing malignant thyroid nodules. Thyroid micro-malignant nodules progress slowly. As a result, it is safe to observe them instead of taking immediate surgery. Patient age, lesion number and tumor size at the beginning of observation are independent risk factors for the tumor progression of malignant nodules.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Male , Thyroid Nodule/surgery , Carcinoma, Papillary/surgery , Lymphatic Metastasis , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Thyroidectomy/methods , Watchful Waiting , Ultrasonography , Retrospective Studies
12.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 610-617, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-950014

ABSTRACT

Bevacizumab, an anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody, has significantly improved the clinical outcomes of patients with advanced non-squamous NSCLC (ns-NSCLC). However, the safety and efficacy of bevacizumab for elderly patients with advanced NSCLC require further investigation. Thus, 59 patients were included in the present retrospective study, 22 patients in the bevacizumab plus pemetrexed and platinum (B + PP) group, and 37 patients in the pemetrexed and platinum (PP) group. For the entire cohort of patients, the median OS was 33.3 months, and the 1-year and 2-year overall survival rates were 88.5% and 67.8%, respectively. The median OS and 1-year and 2-year OS rates were 20.5 months, 70.3% and 0%, respectively, in the B + PP group and 33.4 months, 97.0% and 89.4%, respectively, in the PP group (P < 0.001). The incidence of grade ⩾ 3 adverse events was higher in the B + PP group than in the PP group (27.3% vs. 10.8%, respectively; P = 0.204). Univariate and multivariate analyses suggested that the receipt of ⩾ 5 cycles of first-line chemotherapy was an independent favorable prognostic factor for OS, whereas the addition of bevacizumab was an unfavorable prognostic factor. With increased toxicities, the addition of bevacizumab to PP does not improve the overall survival of elderly patients with advanced ns-NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Bevacizumab/adverse effects , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Pemetrexed/adverse effects , Platinum/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939706

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the anti-oxidative effect of ethyl pyruvate (EP) and taurine (TAU) on the quality of red blood cells stored at 4±2 ℃, hemolysis, energy metabolism and lipid peroxidation of the red blood cells in the preservation solution were studied at different intervals.@*METHODS@#At 4±2 ℃, the deleukocyte red blood cells were stored in the citrate-phosphate-dextrosesaline-adenine-1 (CPDA-1) preservation (control group), preservation solution with EP (EP-AS), and TAU (TAU-AS) for long-term preservation. The enzyme-linked immunoassay and automatic blood cell analyzer were used to detect hemolysis and erythrocyte parameters. Adenine nucleoside triphosphate (ATP), glycerol 2,3-diphosphate (2,3-DPG) and malondialdehyde (MDA) kits were used to test the ATP, 2,3-DPG and MDA concentration.@*RESULTS@#During the preservation, the rate of red blood cell hemolysis in EP-AS and TAU-AS groups were significantly lower than that in CPDA-1 group (P<0.01). The MCV of EP-AS group was increased with the preservation time (r=0.71), while the MCV of the TAU-AS group was significantly lower than that in the other two groups (P<0.05). The concentration of ATP and MDA in EP-AS and TAU-AS groups were significantly higher than that in CPDA-1 group at the 14th day (P<0.01). The concentrations of 2,3-DPG in the EP-AS and TAU-AS groups were significantly higher than that in the CPDA-1 group from the 7th day (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#EP and TAU can significantly reduce the red blood cell hemolysis rate, inhibit the lipid peroxidation level of red blood cells, and improve the energy metabolism of red blood cells during storage. The mechanism of EP and TAU may be related to their antioxidation and membrane protection effect, so as to improve the red blood cell quality and extend the preservation time.


Subject(s)
2,3-Diphosphoglycerate/metabolism , Adenine , Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism , Blood Preservation , Citrates/pharmacology , Erythrocytes/metabolism , Glucose/pharmacology , Hemolysis , Humans , Pyruvates , Taurine/pharmacology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936445

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse the high-risk human papilloma virus (HPV) infection in women, and to analyze the protective effect of bivalent HPV vaccine on HPV infection. Methods A case-control study method was used to retrospectively investigate the HPV infection status of 9246 women who received high-risk HPV infection examination in the outpatient department of Shiyan people's Hospital of Hubei from January 2018 to December 2018. The second-generation hybrid capture method and colposcopy examination were used to diagnose. Using a 1:1 matching method, the uninfected individuals who were examined during the same period were taken as the control group, and the confirmed infected group was taken as the case group, and the differences in the vaccination rates of the bivalent HPV vaccine between the two groups were compared. At the same time, the case group was divided into two groups according to the vaccinated and unvaccinated groups and followed up. The events ranged from 24 to 36 months. The incidence of persistent HPV infection, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and cervical cancer were counted to understand Protective effect of bivalent HPV vaccination against HPV infection in a high-risk female population. Results A total of 1 632 cases (17.65%) of 9 246 women were screened positive for high-risk HPV infection. Chi-square results showed that the HPV positive infection rate of rural women (32.84%) was lower than that of urban women (67.16%). , Marital status also has a certain influence on HPV infection. Among the 1632 cases of HPV positive infection, 629 cases (38.54%) were vaccinated with bivalent HPV vaccine, and 1003 cases (61.46%) were not vaccinated with bivalent HPV vaccine. During the follow-up period of 24-36 months, the vaccination group finally obtained follow-up data of 584 cases due to unwillingness to cooperate (18 cases), unable to conduct research due to organic changes (24 cases), and mental disorders (3 cases), with a loss to follow-up rate of 7.15 cases. %; In the unvaccinated group, 949 cases of follow-up data were finally obtained due to change of residence (32 cases), low degree of cooperation (20 cases) and psychological factors (2 cases), and the loss to follow-up rate was 5.38%. The results after follow-up showed that the persistent HPV infection rate in the bivalent HPV vaccination group, the positive rate of high-risk HPV infection at the last follow-up, the cumulative incidence of CIN1 during the follow-up period, the cumulative incidence of CIN2+ during the follow-up period, the incidence of CIN1 at the last follow-up, and the incidence of CIN2+ at the last follow-up. and cervical cancer incidence rates were 3.07%, 0.82%, 1.84%, 1.02%, 0.82%, 0.20%, and 0.00%, respectively, and the bivalent HPV unvaccinated groups were 12.91%, 15.52%, 7.14%, 4.40%, and 3.02%, respectively. , 1.37% and 0.27%. Persistent HPV infection rate, positive rate of high-risk HPV infection at last follow-up, cumulative incidence of CIN1 during follow-up, cumulative incidence of CIN2+ during follow-up, incidence of CIN1 at last follow-up, and incidence of CIN2+ at last follow-up were significantly lower in bivalent HPV vaccination group in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Bivalent HPV vaccination has an important protective effect on HPV persistent infection, cervical lesions and cervical cancer in high-risk women.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936233

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a three-dimensional model of middle ear-eustachian tube based on Chinese digital visual human dataset, and the deformation and pressure changes of the middle ear-eustachian tube system after eustachian tube opening are simulated by computer numerical simulation. Methods: The first female Chinese Digital Visual Human data was adopted. The images were imported by Amira image processing software, and the images were segmented by Geomagic software to form a three-dimensional model of middle ear-eustachian tube system, including eustachian tube, tympanum, tympanic membrane, auditory ossicles, and mastoid air cells system. The 3D model was imported into Hypermesh software for meshing and analysis. The structural mechanics calculation was carried out by Abaqus, and gas flow was simulated by Xflow. The tissue deformation and middle ear pressure changes during eustachian tube opening were numerically simulated by fluid-solid coupling algorithm. Several pressure monitoring points including tympanum, mastoid, tympanic isthmus, and external auditory canal were set up in the model, and the pressure changes of each monitoring point were recorded and compared. Results: In this study, a three-dimensional model of middle ear-eustachian tube and a numerical simulation model of middle ear ventilation were established, including eustachian tube, tympanum, mastoid air cells, tympanic membrane, and auditory ossicles. The dynamic changes of the model after ventilation could be divided into five stages according to the pressure. In addition, the pressure changes of tympanum and tympanic isthmus were basically synchronous, and the pressure changes of mastoid air cells system were later than that of tympanum and tympanic isthmus, which verified the pressure buffering effect of mastoid. The extracted pressure curve of the external auditory canal was basically consistent with that of tympanometry in terms of value and trend, which verified the effectiveness of the model. Conclusions: The numerical simulation model of middle ear-eustachian tube ventilation established in this paper can simulate the tissue deformation and middle ear pressure changes after eustachian tube opening, and its accuracy and effectiveness are also verified. This not only lays a foundation for further research, but also provides a new research method for the study of middle ear ventilation.


Subject(s)
China , Ear, Middle , Eustachian Tube , Female , Human Body , Humans , Middle Ear Ventilation
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943546

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the predictive value of the maximum amplitude (MA) in the thromboelastogram (TEG) in the occurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with lung cancer after surgery. Methods    Forty-one lung cancer patients with postoperative VTE in our hospital from September 2018 to August 2020 were enrolled into a thrombosis group, including 25 males and 16 females, aged 72.17±10.08 years. The 87 lung cancer patients who underwent surgery during the same period but did not suffer postoperative VTE were enrolled into a control group, including 51 males and 36 females, aged 71.06±9.49 years. The MA of thrombus in the TEG before and after the operation was compared between the two groups, and logistic regression analysis was used to test the value of the MA of thrombus at each time point in the TEG to predict the occurrence of VTE in patients with lung cancer surgery. The receiver operating characteristic curve was drawn to test the effectiveness of the MA of thrombus at each time point in the TEG to predict the occurrence of VTE in patients with lung cancer. Results    The MA of thrombus in the two groups after operation was greater than that before operation, and the MA of thrombus in the TEG on the day 3 after operation in the two groups> day 1> day 5 (P<0.05). The logistic regression analysis showed that the MA of thrombus in the TEG increased, which had predictive value for the occurrence of VTE in patients with lung cancer after surgery; the MA of thrombus in the TEG at each postoperative point was used as the test variable. Taking the occurrence of VTE as a state variable, the area under the curve (AUC) of MA of thrombus in the TEG on the 1st postoperative day was 0.82, and its optimal threshold was 75.15 mm; on the 3rd postoperative day, AUC was 0.88, and its optimal threshold was 80.05 mm; on the 5th day afterwards, AUC was 0.78, and its optimal threshold was 66.30 mm. Conclusion    The MA of TEG has a high predictive power for the occurrence of VTE in lung cancer patients after surgery, which suggests that TEG dynamic monitoring should be performed before surgery for lung cancer patients, and a reasonable anticoagulation plan should be formulated accordingly to reduce the occurrence of VTE.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942373

ABSTRACT

Schistosomiasis-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (Sch-PAH) is categorized as WHO Group I PAH because its clinical manifestations, laboratory and hemodynamic features share with PAH of other etiologies, such as idiopathic, heritable, HIV and autoimmune disorders. Sch-PAH is usually a life-threatening complication of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis characterized by changes in the vascular wall, remodeling and vasoconstriction with lesions primarily located in the precapillary segments of the pulmonary vasculature, which may result in a marked and sustained increase in pulmonary vascular resistance, right ventricular failure and ultimately death. Although egg deposition into lung and subsequent inflammatory cascades are key factors in the pathogenesis of Sch-PAH, the exact pathogenesis, course of disease and treatment of Sch-PAH remain largely uncertain. This review mainly discusses the pathophysiological and immunological mechanisms of Sch-PAH, so as to provide insights into the clinical diagnosis and treatment of Sch-PAH.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928085

ABSTRACT

With the rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix unearthed from the tomb of Haihunhou in the Western Han Dynasty as the re-ference, the present study evaluated the quality of Rehmanniae Radix and investigated the processing technology of rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix to lay the foundation for the research on rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix products. With catalpol and rehmannioside D as the investigation indexes, the quality and grade of Rehmanniae Radix from different producing areas were evaluated with the methods in 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. UPLC method was established for the determination of catalpol and rehmannioside D in the rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix. The effects of steaming time, the amount of supplementary rice, and steaming times in the rice-steamed processing on the quality of products were investigated by L_9(3~4) orthogonal test and multi-index comprehensive balance scoring method combined with the content of catalpol and rehmannioside D and appearance characteristics. At last, the stability of the processing technology was tested. The results showed that the optimal processing technology for rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix was as follows: Rehmanniae Radix and rice(200 g∶4 g) were steamed twice at atmospheric pressure, four hours each time. The mass fractions of catalpol and rehmannioside D were 0.184% and 0.335%, respectively, and the character score was 6.5. The processing conditions are reaso-nable, stable, and feasible. It can provide a basis for the restoration of the ancient rice-steamed processing technology and references for the development of rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix products in the future.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Oryza , Plant Extracts , Rehmannia , Technology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) on anxiety and depression in patients with insomnia, and to explore the mechanism of its compatibility effect.@*METHODS@#Ninety patients of insomnia were randomly divided into a combination group, a Shenmen group and a Sanyinjiao group, 30 cases in each group. In addition, 37 cases with anxiety (12 cases in the combination group, 13 cases in the Shenmen group and 12 cases in the Sanyinjiao group) and 42 cases with depression (14 cases in the combination group, 14 cases in the Shenmen group and 14 cases in the Sanyinjiao group) were identified. The patients in the combination group, Shenmen group and Sanyinjiao group were treated with EA (dilatational wave, frequency of 5 Hz/25 Hz) at Shenmen (HT 7)-Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6), respectively, 30 min each treatment, once a day. The consecutive 5 days of treatments were taken as a course of treatment, and 2 courses of treatment were given. The insomnia severity index (ISI), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) scores were evaluated before and after treatment, and the serum contents of dopamine (DA) and norepinephrine (NE) were measured.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the ISI, SAS and SDS scores in the three groups were all decreased after treatment (P<0.05), and the ISI score in the combination group was lower than that in the Shenmen group (P<0.05). Among the patients with anxiety, compared before treatment, the ISI, SAS scores and serum contents of DA were all decreased after treatment in the three groups (P<0.05), and the serum contents of NE in the combination group and Shenmen group were decreased after treatment (P<0.05); the SAS score and serum contents of NE in the combination group and Shenmen group as well as the ISI score in the combination group were lower than those in the Sanyinjiao group (P<0.05). Among the patients with depression, compared before treatment, the ISI, SDS scores and serum contents of DA were all decreased after treatment in the three groups (P<0.05), and the serum contents of NE in the combination group and Shenmen group were decreased after treatment (P<0.05); the ISI, SDS scores and serum contents of NE in the combination group as well as SDS score in the Shenmen group were lower than those in the Sanyinjiao group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA at Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) has advantages over EA at Sanyinjiao (SP 6) on improving insomnia, anxiety and depression. Shenmen (HT 7) plays a major role in improving anxiety and depression. Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) may play a compatibility effect of regulating consciousness and sleeping by reducing the level of serum NE.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Anxiety/therapy , Depression/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923517

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the effect of high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on central facial paralysis after ischemic stroke. Methods From June, 2020 to June, 2021, 54 patients with central facial palsy after ischemic stroke who were hospitalized in the Rehabilitation Department of Xuzhou Central Hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 27) and experimental group (n = 27). Both groups were given conventional rehabilitation treatment, including medication and facial muscle rehabilitation training. The experimental group was treated with 5 Hz rTMS on the affected primary motor cortex, and the control group was treated with the same parameters of sham stimulation at the same site. Before treatment and four weeks after treatment, the House-Brackmann Grading System 2.0 (HBGS-2), the Sunnybrook Facial Grading System, the horizontal distance difference between the bilateral mouth corners to the lower center of the philtrum at rest, the horizontal distance difference between the bilateral mouth corners to the intersection of the mandibular central incisor when showing the teeth at the best effort and the angle of the tongue midline deviating from the facial midline when the tongue was stretched out were used to evaluate the facial nerve function of the patient. Results One case dropped down in each group. Before treatment, there was no significant difference in the scores of HBGS-2 and Sunnybrook Facial Grading System, the horizontal distance difference between the bilateral mouth corners to the lower center of the philtrum at rest, the horizontal distance difference between the bilateral mouth corners to the intersection of the mandibular central incisor when showing the teeth at the best effort, and the angle of the tongue midline deviating from the facial midline when the tongue was stretched out between two groups (P > 0.05). After treatment, all the indexes significantly improved in both groups (|t| > 8.987, P < 0.001), and were better in the experimental group than in the control group (t > 2.939, P < 0.01). Conclusion 5 Hz rTMS on the affected primary motor cortex is effective on the facial nerve function of patients with central facial palsy after ischemic stroke.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL