Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 18 de 18
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879174

ABSTRACT

Chrysanthemi Indici Flos(CIF), the capitulum of Chrysanthemum indicum, is widely used in proprietary Chinese medicine and daily chemical products. At present, CIF is mainly produced from wild resources and rarely cultivated. This study aims to reveal the correlations between linarin content in CIF and climatic factors in different habitats, and provide a theoretical basis for suitable zoning and rational production of medicinal materials. The content of linarin in CIF was determined by HPLC. Grey relational analysis and Pearson correlation analysis were carried out for linarin content with climatic factors. The results showed that the content of linarin in CIF was significantly different among different habitats. The grey relational degrees of climatic factors with linarin content was in an order of average annual precipitation>annual average sunshine hours>annual average temperature>longitude>annual frost-free period>latitude>altitude. Longitude, annual average temperature and average annual precipitation had significantly positive correlations with the content of linarin in CIF, whereas latitude and altitude showed negative correlations with it. The annual frost-free period and annual average sunshine hours had no significant correlation with the content of linarin in CIF. The content of linarin in CIF varied significantly in different habitats. High longitude, low latitude, low altitude, high annual average temperature and high annual average precipitation could be used as indicators for the habitats of high-quality Ch. indicum. This study provides a reference for selecting suitable producing areas of Ch. indicum and establishing artificial cultivation system.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chrysanthemum , Ecosystem , Glycosides
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787702

ABSTRACT

To understand the characteristics and changes of the incidence of amoebic dysentery in China during 2015-2018, explore the causes of high incidence in some areas and provide a data base for the development of national prevention and control strategies and measures. Data were collected from the infectious disease reporting management information system from Chinese Disease Control and Prevention. To understand the seasonal, population and area distributions of amoebic dysentery, descriptive epidemiological method and software SPSS 16.0 were used to analyze the amoebic dysentery data. A total of 4 366 amoebic dysentery cases were reported without death in China during 2015-2018. The reported average annual incidence was 0.08/100 000, and the overall proportion of laboratory confirmed cases was 68.23(2 979/4 366). Amoeba dysentery mainly occurred during May to October. One seasonal peak was observed in 2015 and 2017 (July and June, respectively), and two seasonal peaks were observed in 2016 and 2018 (June and October). The patients were mainly children aged under 5 years (42.28, 1 846/4 366), and the incidence rate decreased with age in children aged under 10 years. Of these, children under 1 years of age had the highest incidence rate (1.28/100 000). The number of cumulative reported cases in Guangxi, Henan, Guangdong, Heilongjiang and Jiangxi provinces ranked top five from 2015-2018, accounting for 64.50 (2 816/4 366) of the total. The cumulative cases in Dongxing county, Guangxi, in Suixian county, Henan and in Ranghulu district, Heilongjiang, respectively accounted for more than 50.00 of the total number of cases in their provinces. The incidence rate of amoebic dysentery reported in China during 2015-2018 showed a decreasing trend, with a higher incidence in children under 5 years old and a higher number of cases in some areas. It is suggested to further investigate and analyze the diagnosis and reporting of amoeba dysentery in key areas and promote the update of the diagnostic standards for amoeba dysentery.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1305-1310, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775724

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the characteristic changes of the plasma cytokine profile in Chinese patients with idiopathic multicentric Castleman diseases (iMCD).@*METHODS@#The plasma samples from 22 patients with confirmed diagnosis of iMCD were collected before treatments; Specimens from 17 patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, 10 non Hodgkin's lymphoma, and 15 healthy donors were used as control. Seventeen kinds of cytokines were measured by cytokine beads array (CBA) and ELISA respectively.@*RESULTS@#Six cytokines were measured by ELISA. The concentrations of IL-2, IL-6, IL-21 and VEGF were significantly higher in the plasma of iMCD patients than those of the healthy donors (P<0.01) and the level of IL-21 was highest in the iMCD group. There was no significant difference in the levels of IL-1β and IL-4 between the iMCD and healthy donor groups. Thirteen cytokines were measured by CBA assay, besides IL-6 level was confirmed to be higher in iMCD group than that in healthy controls (P<0.01), IL-12-p70 and IL-33 levels were also higher in iMCD group than those in control group (P<0.05), no significant difference of the rest cytokines was found between iMCD and the control group.@*CONCLUSION@#IL-6 and VEGF has shown to involved in the pathogenesis of iMCD, the results of preliminary study imply the role of IL-2 、IL-21、IL-12-p70 and IL-33 in this rare lymphoproliferative disease. Further studies are needed to elucidate the mechanism of these cytokines, which may shed some light on the identification of novel therapeutic targets against iMCD.


Subject(s)
Castleman Disease , Cytokines , Humans , Interleukin-12 , Interleukin-1beta , Plasma
4.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 228-232, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760568

ABSTRACT

Five secondary metabolites, including a new isopimarane derivative xylaroisopimaranin A (1), were isolated from the endophytic fungus Xylaralyce sp. (HM-1), and their structures were elucidated by 1D, 2D NMR, MS and CD spectra. Their bioactivities were performed to antibacterial, Hep G2 cells cytotoxicity and brine shrimp inhibition. The biological evaluation results showed that the xylaroisopimaranin A (1), xylabisboein B (2), griseofulvin (3) , 5-methylmellein (4) and mellein-5-carboxlic acid (5) displayed no significant Hep G2 cells cytotoxicity and antibacterial acitivity, but they inhibited the brine shrimp with IC₅₀ from 0.5 to 25 µmol/mL.


Subject(s)
Artemia , Fungi , Griseofulvin , Hep G2 Cells
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801991

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the changes of behavior and mitochondria in Alzheimer's disease(AD) rats, and to explore the mechanism of Sijunzi Tang in the treatment of AD rats' behavior and the changes of mitochondrial energy metabolism in hippocampal neurons. Method: The 60 male SPF grade rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, low, medium and high dose group of Sijunzi Tang(3.24, 6.48,12.56 g·kg-1), and dihydroergot group (0.27 mg·kg-1), 10 rats in each group. The normal group received no intervention and had a normal diet. The rest of the rats were injected with D-galactose to the abdomen at a dose of 200 mg·kg-1 once a day for 6 weeks. Morris water maze experiment was used to detect the cognitive function of rats. Tm-Vision behavioral experiment system was used to observe the behavioral changes of rats, and the hippocampal neuronal line structure was observed by transmission electron microscope. Mitochondrial complex colorimetry was adopted to detect rats CⅠ, CⅡ, CⅢ, CⅣ activity.Western blot was used to detect the expression of mitochondrial adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase(AMPK) protein in the hippocampus. Result: Compared with normal group, model group rats latent escape period time increasing, through fewer, movement distance, movement time increasing, center residence time increased (PPPPPPPPPPPPConclusion: The abnormal behavior of AD rats may be related to the decrease of central hippocampal energy metabolism and mitochondrial function. Sijunzi Tang has therapeutic effect.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801863

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Liuwei Dihuangwan on the improvement of autophagy level of hippocampal neurons in mice with kidney deficiency Alzheimer' s disease (AD) and its partial mechanism, in order to explore part of therapeutic mechanisms of kidney-tonifying and essence-filling therapy for AD. Method:Healthy male C57-B6 mice were divided into control group, AD group, kidney deficiency AD group and Liuwei Dihuangwan group(1.08 g·kg-1). The control group and the AD group were subcutaneously injected with normal saline (15 mL·kg-1) daily, and the kidney deficiency AD group and the Liuwei Dihuangwan group were subcutaneously injected with hydrocortisone injection (15 mL·kg-1) daily for 20 consecutive days. On the 21st day, the other three groups were injected with 6 μg amyloid beta protein 25-35(Aβ25-35) in the lateral ventricle, while the control group was injected with sterile saline into the lateral ventricle. The levels of serum cortisol and testosterone in each group were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the morphological changes in hippocampal neurons were observed by transmission electron microscopy, the expression of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) was detected by immunofluorescence, and the expression of selective autophagic junction protein (p62) was detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with normal group, serum cortisol and testosterone levels in AD group and kidney deficiency AD group were significantly reduced (PPPPPPPPPConclusion:Kidney-tonifying and essence-filling therapy can protect hippocampal neurons, increase LC3 expression in hippocampal neurons, decrease p62 expression level and increase autophagy level of hippocampal neurons. It has a certain therapeutic effect on kidney-deficiency Alzheimer' s disease.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777514

ABSTRACT

To provide theoretical basis for the formation of Chrysanthemum indicum resource and quality,the differences in biology,ecology,yield and quality of Ch. indicum population in the wild tending,the cultivated and the wild were analyzed and compared in this study. The results showed that in the aspect of biology,there was no significant difference between the condition of wild tending and cultivated Ch. indicum at the height of plant,both were significantly higher than wild Ch. indicum. In the aspect of ecology,in the condition of wild tending is less likely to occur water logging than cultivated Ch. indicum. In the condition of wild tending is less likely to occur plant diseases and insect pests than Ch. indicum in the condition of wild. In the aspect of production,the average output of the sample of the condition of wild tending was significantly higher than that the condition of artificial cultivation and wild quadrat. There was no significant difference between the three kinds of condition on the traits of capitulum dichasium,the content of buddleoside of the wild tending Ch. indicum was significantly higher than that of 0. 80% required by the Chinese Pharmacopoeia( 2015 edition). Therefore,the artificial supplement and the appropriate artificial management of wild tending is a mode of production to increase the population density of Ch. indicum and obtain high quality and high yield medicinal materials.


Subject(s)
Chrysanthemum , Water
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1559-1564, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689897

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of CD160 on the surface of human natural killer (NK) cells and its possible relationship with hematological malignancies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>CD160 expression on human leukemia cell line NK92 cells was confirmed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot. The proliferation characteristics and cell surface markers of this cell line were determined. Cytotoxicity of NK92 against 2 human myeloid leukemia cell lines, K562 and THP-1 was analyzed ex vivo. CD160 blocking antibody CL1-R2 was employed to clarify its role in NK cell mediated cytolysis. Then, the expression of CD160 on NK cells in peripheral blood from various patients with hematological malignancies were measured by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mRNA and protein levels of CD160 expressions on NK92 cells were confirmed by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The flow cytometry results demonstrated that the strong positive expression of CD160 could be detected on the NK92 cell surface. NK92 could effectively kill K562 and THP-1 cells, while the cytolysis effect was abrogated in the presence of CD160 blocking antibody CL1-R2. The high levels of HVEM were expressed on both target cells, but the HLA class I molecules were absent on K562. The expression of CD160 on CD3CD56 NK cells in peripheral blood from patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recipients was significant lower than that in the normal controls (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The cytolysis function of human NK cells is mediated partially by CD160 molecule. The decrease of CD160 expression on NK cells from patients with various hematological malignancies implies that down-regulation of CD160 expression may be a novel mechanism of tumor immune escape.</p>

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710236

ABSTRACT

AIM To observe the effect of Zishen Yutai Pills (Cuscutae Semen,Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma,Dipsaci Radix,etc.) on RAS,VEGF,VEGFR-2,sVEGFR-1 and MAPK in recurrent miscarriage mice,and to explore its mechanism.METHODS CBA/J female mice + DBA/2 male mice,and CBA/J female mice + BALB/c male mice were mated by 2 females and 1 male in cage to establish the RSA model and the normal pregnancy CBA × BALB/c mouse model respectively.Since the zeroth day of pregnancy,a total of 24 CBA/J × DBA/2 mice were randomly divided into model control group,Zishen Yutai Pills group and progesterone capsule group,and 10 CBA × BALB/c mice were used as normal pregnancy control group.Mice of all groups after the respective 15-day intervention had their rate of uterine embryo loss measured and calculated.Their pathological changes of decidual tissue were determined by HE staining,their RAS,VEGF,VEGFR-2,sVEGFR-1,MAPK protein and mRNA expressions were detected by immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR.RESULTS Zishen Yutai Pills significantly reduced the rate of embryo loss and improved pathological changes of decidual tissue in RSA mice through regulating mouse decidual tissue angiogenesis and recasting,as revealed by the lowered levels of RAS,VEGF,VEGFR-2 and MAPK,and increased expression of sVEGFR-1.CONCLUSION Zishen Yutai Pills can lower the rate of embryo loss and improve decidual angiogenesis in RSA mice through altering the expression of RAS,VEGF,VEG-FR-2,sVEGFR-1 and MAPK.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692261

ABSTRACT

A sensitive method was proposed for determination of 13 kinds of sulfonylurea herbicides residues in aquatic products by solid phase extraction-ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (SPE-UPLC-MS/MS). The edible part of carp, penaeus vannamei,crab,clam and sea cucumber were collected and homogenized. Analytes was extracted with ethyl acetate,and then cleaned up by MAX solid phase extraction column. Qualitation of the analytes was achieved with multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) and the external standard method was used for quantification. The 13 kinds of sulfonylurea herbicides showed good linearity in the concentration range of 5.0-100.0 μg/L respectively. The detection limits of the 13 analytes were 1.0 μg/kg, and the limit of quantification was 2.0 μg/kg. The average recoveries ranged from 75.4% to 118.3% with relative standard deviations from 2.1% to 14.5%. The 13 target analytes were not detected in grass carp,carp,sea cucumber,prawn,turbot of breeding and crabs from the market. The halosulfuron-methyl was detected in the edible tissues of crabs exposed to a 1.0 mg/L halosulfuron-methyl solution for 24,48 and 72 h,and the concentrations were 6.20, 12.1 and 16. 6 μg/kg respectively. The method can be stable and sensitive, and is applied to the determination of 13 kinds of sulfonylurea herbicides residues in aquatic products.

11.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 100-104, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858835

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the chemical constituents from the whole plants of Asplenium unilaterale. METHODS: The methanol extract was isolated and purified by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and semi-preparative HPLC column chromatography. All compounds were identified on the basis of spectral analysis. RESULTS: Fifteen compounds were isolated and identified as (Z)-4-(2, 6, 6-trimethylcyclohex-2-enylidene) butan-2-ol (1), icariside B2 (2), citroside A(3), (6R, 9R)-3-oxo-α-ionol-9-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(4), (6S, 9R)-roseoside(5), 6-methyl-2H-chromen-2-one (6), 6, 7-dihydroxy-2H-1-benzopyran-2-one (7), gibepyrone D(8), lupan-3-one(9), violanthin(10), 22, 23-dimethylcholest-5-en-3-ol(11), 1-dotriacontanol (12), 5-hexylfuran-2(5H)-one(13), tocopherylquinone( 14) and 2, 4 (1H, 3H)-pyrimidinedione(15), respectively. CONCLUSION: Compounds 1-15 are isolated from the genus for the first time.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235542

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the prevalence of urolithiasis in young children fed infant formula (IF) contaminated with melamine, and the association between IF consumption and urolithiasis.</p><p><b>DESIGN</b>A total of 2 733 children < or = 3 years of age on September 1, 2008 in two townships of Gansu Province, China were studied. Cases of urolithiasis were diagnosed by ultrasonography. Milk product consumption was determined by their caregivers. Remaining IF samples were tested for melamine and cyanuric acid.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 2 733 eligible children in the two townships, 2 186 (80%) were enrolled in our study. Overall, 16.6% (362) of 2 186 children had urolithiasis. The prevalence was 24.6% in children exclusively fed Sanlu brand IF, 9.7% in those fed other IF, and 8.5% in those fed exclusively on other milk products. For children exclusively breast-fed, no urolithiasis was found (P < 0.05). The prevalence of urolithiasis was 11.4% in children fed 400 g of Sanlu IF, rising to 37.5% in children fed over 25 600 g. Of 48 Sanlu IF samples, 91.7% contained melamine (median = 1 800 ppm; range = 45-4 700) and 66.7% contained cyanuric acid (median = 1.2 ppm; range = 0.4-6.3). Melamine was also detected in 22.2% of 36 other brand IF (median = 27.5 ppm, range = 4-50).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Urolithiasis was associated with melamine-contaminated IF. Although one product caused most morbidity, other milk products may have also contributed to the outbreak.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Data Collection , Food Contamination , Humans , Infant Food , Triazines , Toxicity , Urolithiasis
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246342

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the point specificity of eye-acupuncture and the mechanism of eye-acupuncture on diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty male Wistar rats of SPF grade were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a eye-acupuncture point (AA) group and a non-point (NA) group. The D-IBS rat model was established with the combination methods of the chronic stress and binding limbs. The AA group was treated by acupuncture at "low energizer area", "large intestine area", "liver area" and "spleen area", and the NA group by acupuncture at 3 mm apart from the same points area mentioned above, and the normal group and the model group with no intervention. The rate of feces moisture content was detected. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the mRNA of aquaporin 8 (AQP 8) in colon. Protein expressions of the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and AQP 8 in colon were detected by SABC immunohistochemistry method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with normal group, the rate of feces moisture content at the 18th and 25th days, VIP protein in colon mucosa, myenteric nerve plexus and hypo-mucosa nerve plexus increased significantly (all P < 0.01), and AQP 8 mRNA in colon mucosa decreased significantly in model, AA and NA group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01); AQP 8 protein in colon mucosa decreased significantly in model group and NA group (both P < 0.01). Compared with model group, the rate of feces moisture content at the 25th day and VIP protein in colon mucosa decreased significantly (P < 0.01, P < 0.05), and AQP 8 mRNA and protein increased significantly (P < 0.05, P < 0.01) in AA group. Compared with AA group, the rate of feces moisture content at the 25th day and VIP protein in colon mucosa increased significantly (both P < 0.01), and AQP 8 mRNA and protein decreased significantly (both P < 0.01) in NA group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Eye-acupuncture has a good therapeutic effect on D-IBS. It is suggested that one of the mechanism is relate to increase AQP 8 in colon tissue and restrain the expression of VIP. Non-point area of eye-acupuncture has no obviously therapeutic effect and so to illustrate the point specificity of eye-acupuncture.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Aquaporins , Genetics , Metabolism , Colon , Metabolism , Diarrhea , Genetics , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Genetics , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Male , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide , Genetics , Metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263134

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the mechanism of the eye-acupuncture for treatment of acute cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-two healthy SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a sham operation group, a model group and an eye-acupuncture group, 8 rats in each group. The rat model of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion was established with thread occlusion method in the model group and the eye-acupuncture group. The eye-acupuncture group was treated by eye-acupuncture at "liver region", "upper energizer area", "lower energizer area" and "kidney region" for 20 min immediately after reperfusion and at 30 min before sampling. No treatment was done in the normal group and the sham operation group, and no thread occlusion was performed in the sham operation group. The Neurologic impairment was scored and the methods of immunohistochemistry staining, western-blotting and real-time fluorescent quantitation polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) were taken to detect the expression of the aquaporin protein 4 (AQP4) and its mRNA in cerebral cortex after reperfusion for 3 hours.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The neurologic impairment score of 1.50 +/- 0.54 in the eye-acupuncture group was significant lower than 2.63 +/- 0.92 in the model group (P < 0.01). The expression of the AQP4 protein by immunohistochemistry and western-blot respectively were 116.33 +/- 10.24 and 0.53 +/- 0.04 in the normal group, 118.97 +/- 12.72 and 0.55 +/- 0.07 in the sham operation group, and 129.30 +/- 18.36 and 0.67 +/- 0.08 in the eye-acupuncture group, with statistical significance compared to 150.88 +/- 15.82 and 0.94 +/- 0.04 in the model group (all P < 0.01), and there were significant differences between the eye-acupuncture group and the normal group (both P < 0.01). The tendency in the expression of AQP4 protein and its mRNA in all the group were almost the same.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The eye-acupuncture therapy can relieve the cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury and the protective mechanism is related to the downregulation of the cerebral AQP4 expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Aquaporin 4 , Genetics , Metabolism , Brain , Metabolism , Brain Ischemia , Genetics , Metabolism , General Surgery , Disease Models, Animal , Eye , Female , Gene Expression , Humans , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Genetics , Metabolism , Therapeutics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235196

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the changes in high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels following acute hypervolemic hemodilution (AHH) in patients undergoing spinal surgery and assess the safety of AHH in terms of postoperative infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty patients undergoing spinal operation were randomly assigned into observation group and control group (n=20). Each patient was infused 4 ml/kg/h lactated Ringers solution for maintenance of the total blood volume, and in the observation group, the patients received additional infusion of 4% gelofusine solution at the rate of 20 ml/kg/h 30 min before the operation. Venous blood samples were collected to monitor the hematocrit (Hct), prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and hs-CRP before anesthesia (T0), 2 h after the beginning of the operation (T1), at the end of the operation (T2), and 24 h after the operation (T3).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After AHH, Hct decreased significantly at T1 as compared with that at T0 (P<0.05) and that of the control group (P<0.01), but showed no significant difference between the two groups at T2. PT and APTT showed significant changes at T1 compared with T0 (P<0.05) but within the normal range, and were similar between the two groups at T3. hs-CRP increased significantly in the two groups at T3 compared with that at T0 (P<0.05), and a significant difference was noted between the two groups (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>AHH does not affect the hemodynamics and blood coagulation of the patients undergoing spinal surgery but causes a significant elevation of hs-CRP, suggesting an increased risk of postoperative infection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Coagulation , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Female , Hemodilution , Hemodynamics , Humans , Isotonic Solutions , Male , Middle Aged , Spine , General Surgery
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676686

ABSTRACT

Hypoplastic myelodysplastic syndrome(Hypo-MDS),with the derangement of BM texture,is characterized by the hypoplasia of bone marrow(BM)accompanied with the deterioration of MDS. Hitherto there isn't a definite therapeutic definition about Hypo-MDS. Is therapy should be paid more attention to. This article introduces the study of therapy of Hypo-MDS.

17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 698-701, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331802

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the frequencies and polymorphic distribution of intron 4 of programmed cell death 1 (PDCD1) gene, and to analyze its relation to the susceptibility of developing systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in indigenous Han Chinese from Anhui province.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Blood samples from 122 patients with confirmed SLE and 143 controls were collected for a case-control study. DNA of the subjects was extracted and amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNPs) of PDCD1 7809 locus,7872 locus and 8162 locus were further confirmed by direct DNA sequencing and BLAST.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The PDCD1 7809 locus was indentified as type G/G among all the subjects investigated. There were significant difference at PDCD1 7872 locus with C/T polymorphism and 8162 locus with G/A polymorphism between SLE patients and controls (Chi2 = 8.55, chi2 = 11.85, P<0.05). The frequencies of genotype for 7872 locus with types of C/C, C/T and T/T in SLE patients were 36.1% 41.8% and 22.1%, while in control they were 51.7%, 35.0% and 13.3%, respectively. There was significant difference in the frequency of mutation in 7872 locus between SLE patients and controls (chi2 = 7.411, P<0.05). The genotype frequencies of PDCD1 8162 locus G/G, G/A and A/A in SLE patients were 50.1%, 20.3% and 28.6%, while in control they were 57.6%, 20.8% and 22.6%, respectively. There was significant difference in the frequency of mutation in 8162 locus alleles between SLE patients and controls (chi2 =7.547, P<0.05). The genetypeof PDCD1-7809(C/T) and PDCD1-8162(G/A) seemed to have the function of preventing the development of SLE ( OR = 0.583, OR = 0.485).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The genotype of PDCD1 gene 7809 locus was G/G in all indigenous Han Chinese, while the SNPs of PDCD1 gene 7872 locus and 8162 locus might affect the susceptibility to SLE development.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Antigens, CD , Genetics , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Genetics , Base Sequence , Case-Control Studies , China , Ethnology , Ethnic Groups , Genetics , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , Introns , Genetics , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Genetics , Male , Molecular Sequence Data , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor
18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 949-953, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324984

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the impact of environmental factors, daily lifestyle, psycho-social factors and the interactions between environmental factors and chemokines genes on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Case-control study was carried out and environmental factors for SLE were analyzed by univariate and multivariate unconditional logistic regression. Interactions between environmental factors and chemokines polymorphism contributing to systemic lupus erythematosus were also analyzed by logistic regression model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were nineteen factors associated with SLE when univariate unconditional logistic regression was used. However, when multivariate unconditional logistic regression was used, only five factors showed having impacts on the disease, in which drinking well water (OR=0.099) was protective factor for SLE, and multiple drug allergy (OR=8.174), over-exposure to sunshine (OR=18.339), taking antibiotics (OR=9.630) and oral contraceptives were risk factors for SLE. When unconditional logistic regression model was used, results showed that there was interaction between eating irritable food and -2518MCP-1G/G genotype (OR=4.387). No interaction between environmental factors was found that contributing to SLE in this study.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Many environmental factors were related to SLE, and there was an interaction between -2518MCP-1G/G genotype and eating irritable food.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Case-Control Studies , Chemokines , Genetics , China , Epidemiology , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetics , Humans , Logistic Models , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Epidemiology , Genetics , Male , Polymorphism, Genetic , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL