Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 18 de 18
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 124-132, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775446

ABSTRACT

The hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is a crucial region involved in maintaining homeostasis through the regulation of cardiovascular, neuroendocrine, and other functions. The PVN provides a dominant source of excitatory drive to the sympathetic outflow through innervation of the brainstem and spinal cord in hypertension. We discuss current findings on the role of the PVN in the regulation of sympathetic output in both normotensive and hypertensive conditions. The PVN seems to play a major role in generating the elevated sympathetic vasomotor activity that is characteristic of multiple forms of hypertension, including primary hypertension in humans. Recent studies in the spontaneously hypertensive rat model have revealed an imbalance of inhibitory and excitatory synaptic inputs to PVN pre-sympathetic neurons as indicated by impaired inhibitory and enhanced excitatory synaptic inputs in hypertension. This imbalance of inhibitory and excitatory synaptic inputs in the PVN forms the basis for elevated sympathetic outflow in hypertension. In this review, we discuss the disruption of balance between glutamatergic and GABAergic inputs and the associated cellular and molecular alterations as mechanisms underlying the hyperactivity of PVN pre-sympathetic neurons in hypertension.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Pressure , Physiology , Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials , Physiology , Humans , Hypertension , Hypothalamus , Physiology , Neurons , Physiology , Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus , Physiology
2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 79-90, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775433

ABSTRACT

Chronic intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (CIHH) is known to have an anti-hypertensive effect, which might be related to modulation of the baroreflex in rats with renal vascular hypertension (RVH). In this study, RVH was induced by the 2-kidney-1-clip method (2K1C) in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. The rats were then treated with hypobaric hypoxia simulating 5000 m altitude for 6 h/day for 28 days. The arterial blood pressure (ABP), heart rate (HR), and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) were measured before and after microinjection of L-arginine into the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) in anesthetized rats. Evoked excitatory postsynaptic currents (eEPSCs) and spontaneous EPSCs (sEPSCs) were recorded in anterogradely-labeled NTS neurons receiving baroreceptor afferents. We measured the protein expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and endothelial NOS (eNOS) in the NTS. The results showed that the ABP in RVH rats was significantly lower after CIHH treatment. The inhibition of ABP, HR, and RSNA induced by L-arginine was less in RVH rats than in sham rats, and greater in the CIHH-treated RVH rats than the untreated RVH rats. The eEPSC amplitude in NTS neurons receiving baroreceptor afferents was lower in the RVH rats than in the sham rats and recovered after CIHH. The protein expression of nNOS and eNOS in the NTS was lower in the RVH rats than in the sham rats and this decrease was reversed by CIHH. In short, CIHH treatment decreases ABP in RVH rats via up-regulating NOS expression in the NTS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Baroreflex , Physiology , Blood Pressure , Hypertension , Metabolism , Hypoxia , Kidney , Metabolism , Male , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type I , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Solitary Nucleus , Metabolism
3.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 553-557, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689692

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To know the basic status of researches on the mental health of prostatitis patients in China by statistical analysis of the literature published in the past two decades and provide some reference for such studies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using the bibliometrics method, we performed statistical analyses on the publication years, journals, and authors of the articles published in the core journals concerning the mental health of prostatitis patients in China as well as on the topics of the identified studies using their titles, key words and abstracts.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Totally, 226 related studies were identified, of which 31 (by 29 authors) were published in the Chinese core journals. As for the topics of the included studies, 102 (45.13%) focused on the role and significance of psychotherapy in the treatment of prostatitis, 52 (23.01%) on the correlation of psychological factors with prostatitis, and 23 (10.18%) on the correlation of psychopathic factors with prostatitis complicated by sexual dysfunction. Most of the articles on the mental health of prostatitis patients were published in National Journal of Andrology.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Studies on the mental health of prostatitis patients in China are carried out in varied institutions and different directions but, however, need to be furthered and deepened. For this condition, a comprehensive therapeutic mode of "prevention-communication-treatment" is coming into being, and the methodology for related researches is gradually turning from linear to stereoscopic.</p>


Subject(s)
Andrology , Bibliometrics , China , Humans , Male , Mental Health , Prostatitis , Psychology , Therapeutics , Psychotherapy
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236376

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of emodin on the contraction of jejunum smooth muscle and its underlying mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rats were randomly divided into 7 groups (n = 6): control group, emodin group (1, 5, 10, 20 micromol/L), propranolol (PRO) plus emodin group, glibenclamide (GLI) plus emodin group, NG-Nitro-L-arginine Methyl Ester (L-NAME) plus emodin group, calcium free control group and calcium free emodin group. The rats were sacrificed by cervical dislocation and the small intestine was isolated. The jejunum segment specimens were mounted on an Organ Bath System with a tension transducer. The effect of emodin on contraction of jejunum smooth muscle was measured by BL-420E+ biological signal processing system and the amplitude (AM), tension (TE) and frequency (FR) of contraction were determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Emodin inhibited the tension and amplitude of jejunum smooth muscle contraction in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.05, P < 0.01) while the frequency was not obviously influenced. (2) PRO (P < 0.05) or GLI (P < 0.01) partly abolished the inhibitory effect of emodin on jejunum smooth muscle. (3) L-NAME had no obvious effect on the inhibitory effect of emodin. (4) Emodin attenuated the contraction of jejunum smooth muscle induced by calcium chloride application into calcium free K-H solution (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Emodin obviously inhibits the amplitude and tension, while has no influence on the frequency of jejunum smooth muscle contraction in rats. Activation of beta adrenergic receptor, open of ATP sensitive potassium channels, and inhibition of the extracellular calcium influx through calcium channels of smooth muscle cell membrane might be involved in the process.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium Signaling , Emodin , Pharmacology , Glyburide , Pharmacology , Jejunum , Muscle Contraction , Muscle, Smooth , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester , Pharmacology , Propranolol , Pharmacology , Rats
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 269-275, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333106

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to investigate the role of opioid receptors in the vasorelaxation effect of chronic intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (CIHH) in thoracic aorta rings and the underlying mechanism in rats. Adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: CIHH treatment group and control group. The rats in CIHH group were exposed to hypoxia in a hypobaric chamber (simulated 5 000 m altitude) for 28 days, 6 h per day. The rats in control group were kept in the same environment as CIHH rats except no hypoxia exposure. The relaxation of thoracic aorta rings was recorded by organ bath perfusion technique, and expression of opioid receptors was measured by Western blot. Results are shown as follows. (1) The acetylcholine (ACh)-induced endothelium-dependent relaxation of thoracic aorta in CIHH rats was increased obviously in a concentration-dependent manner compared with that in control rats (P < 0.05). (2) This enhancement of ACh-induced relaxation in CIHH rats was abolished by naloxone, a non-specific opioid receptor blocker (P < 0.05). (3) The expressions of δ, μ and κ opioid receptors in thoracic aorta of CIHH rats were up-regulated compared with those in control rats (P < 0.05). (4) The enhancement of CIHH on relaxation of thoracic aorta was reversed by glibenclamide, an ATP-sensitive potassium channel (KATP) blocker (P < 0.05). The results suggest that opioid receptors are involved in CIHH-enhanced ACh-induced vasorelaxation of thoracic aorta through KATP channel pathways.


Subject(s)
Acetylcholine , Pharmacology , Altitude , Animals , Aorta, Thoracic , Glyburide , Pharmacology , Hypoxia , KATP Channels , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Opioid , Metabolism , Vasodilation
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340219

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the influences of Panax notoginsenosid(a compound of Chinese Traditional Medicine) on the spontaneous contraction of small intestine smooth muscle of rabbits in vitro and explore the mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The influences of Panax notoginsenosid on the spontaneous contraction of small intestine in intacted rabbits(male or female) after the isothermal perfuse of small intestine in vitro were observed. Bay K8644 and nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME) were added to the normal Tyrode's solution respectively before Panax notoginsenosid. In the Ca2+ free Tyrode's solution, rynodine was added before Panax notoginsenosid. The mechanism of Panax notoginsenosid was studied.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Panax notoginsenosid reduced the amplitude of contraction of small intestine smooth muscle in rabbits in a does-depended manner. Bay K8644 and L-NAME could completely block the inhibition of Panax notoginsenosid on the contraction of small intestine smooth muscle. Panax notoginsenosid inhibited significantly the intracellular calcium-depended contraction induced by rynodine in the Ca2+ free Tyrode's solution.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Panax notoginsenosid inhibits significantly the contraction of small intestine smooth muscle of rabbits in vitro. The mechanism may be related to increase NO concentration in small intestine smooth muscle so that inhibit extracellular Ca2+ inflowing via cell membrane and intracellular Ca2+ releasing via sarcoplasmic reticulum.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium , Metabolism , Depression, Chemical , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , In Vitro Techniques , Intestine, Small , Physiology , Male , Muscle Contraction , Muscle, Smooth , Metabolism , Physiology , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Panax notoginseng , Chemistry , Rabbits
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301531

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), hydrogen sulfide (H2S) donor, on LPS-induced polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) accumulation and its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The animal model of acute lung injury (ALI) caused by intravenous injection of lipopolysaccharides (LPS). Adult male Spraguce-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 8 - 12 per group): Control group (0.5 ml/kg normal saline i.v.), LPS-treated group (1 mg/kg, i.v.), LPS plus NaHS (1 mg/kg i.v. and 28 micromol/kg i.p., respectively) and NaHS group (28 micromol/kg i.p.). Animals were sacrificed at 6 h after agent administration. Morphological changes of lung tissues were observed and polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) number in alveolar septum was tested. The apoptosis of PMN in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was examined with in situ TdT-mediated dUTP end labeling (TUNEL). Intercellular adhesion factor-1 (ICAM-1) and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) expressions in the lung tissue were analyzed by Western Blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The results showed that bleeding, edema, PMN accumulation and other pathological signs in the lung tissue emerged after LPS injection. Compared to control rats, the LPS-treated rats had increased PMN number, decreased PMN apoptotic percentages, and increased expressions of ICAM-1 and NF-kappaB. Administration of NaHS into LPS-treated rats reduced the PMN number and expressions of ICAM-1 and NF-kappaB but increased PMN apoptotic percentages. In addition, NaHS alleviated the degree of ALI. There were no significant differences of the above indicators between NaHS-treated rats and control rats.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>NaHS can reduce the PMN accumulation in the lung, and its mechanism is related to down-regulation expression of ICAM-1 and promotion of PMN apoptosis induced by inhibition of NF-kappaB pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury , Metabolism , Pathology , Animals , Apoptosis , Hydrogen Sulfide , Pharmacology , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Neutrophils , Cell Biology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 367-372, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302439

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of polydatin on apoptosis induced by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in rat myocardium and to explore the underlying mechanism. Adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into control, I/R and polydatin (50 mumol/L) groups. On the Langendorff apparatus, isolated rat heart was subjected to 30-min global ischemia followed by 60-min reperfusion. TUNEL labeling and flow cytometric techniques were used for the measurement of apoptosis and the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax protein in cardiomyocytes of rat. The results showed: (1) Compared with those in the control group, the number of TUNEL-positive cells and apoptosis rate were increased in I/R group; (2) Compared with that in the I/R group, the number of TUNEL-positive cells was significantly decreased in the polydatin group [(18.1+/-4.0)% vs (35.1+/-5.4)%, P<0.01]; (3) Apoptosis rate assayed by flow cytometry in I/R group was significantly higher than that in polydatin group [(15.43+/-4.55)% vs (8.66+/-3.18)%, P<0.01]; (4) Expression level of Bax protein was higher in I/R group than that in polydatin group (P<0.05), while the level of Bcl-2 protein and Bcl-2/Bax ratio were higher in polydatin group than those in I/R group (P<0.05, P<0.01), respectively. The results obtained suggest that polydatin exerts an inhibitory effect on I/R-induced apoptosis through increasing Bcl-2 protein expression and decreasing Bax protein expression in myocardium of the rat.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Glucosides , Pharmacology , In Vitro Techniques , Male , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy , Myocardium , Pathology , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stilbenes , Pharmacology , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254605

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To observe the effects of adenosine on intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) level in guinea pig ventricular myocytes and to define the possible mechanisms involved.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The effects of adenosine on [Ca2+]i were investigated in guinea pig ventricular myocytes. [Ca2+]i was detected by laser confocal microscopy and represented by relative fluorescent intensity ((FI-FI0)/FI0, %, FIo: control, FI: administration of drugs).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Adenosine (10, 50, 100 micromol/L) reduced [Ca2+]i of ventricular myocytes in both normal Tyrode's solution and Ca(2+) -free Tyrode's solution in a concentration-dependent manner. (2) Tyrode's solution containing 30 mmol/L KCl (high K+ Tyrode's solution) induced [Ca2+]i elevation in ventricular myocytes, while adenosine (10, 50, 100 micromol/L) markedly inhibited the increase in [Ca2+]i induced by KCl. (3) Pretreatment with DPCPX (1 micromol/L) significantly reduced the effects of adenosine (100 micromol/L) in high K+ Tyrode's solution. The effects of adenosine (100 micromol/L) on [Ca2+]i in high K+ Tyrode's solution were also partially attenuated by pretreatment with L-NAME (1 mmol/L). (4) Adenosine (100 micromol/L) markedly inhibited the low concentration of ryanodine-induced [Ca2+]i increase in Ca(2+) -free Tyrode's solution. (5) When the propagating waves of elevated [Ca2+]i (Ca2+ waves) were produced by increasing extracellular Ca2+ concentration from 1 mmol/L to 10 mmol/L, adenosine (100 micromol/L) could block the propagating waves of elevated [Ca2+]i, reduce the frequency and duration of propagating waves, and reduce [Ca2+]i as well.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Adenosine may reduce the [Ca2+]i in isolated guinea pig ventricular myocytes via inhibiting Ca2+ influx and alleviating Ca2+ release from sarcoplasmic reticulum(SR). The reduction of Ca2+ influx might be due to the inhibition of voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel via adenosine A1 receptor, and NO might be involved in this process.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenosine , Pharmacology , Animals , Calcium , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Guinea Pigs , Heart Ventricles , Cell Biology , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 361-366, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334162

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of resveratrol on delayed afterdepolarization (DAD) and triggered activity (TA) induced by ouabain in guinea pig papillary muscles and the underlying mechanism. Action potentials were recorded using intracellular microelectrode technique. The results obtained are as follows: (1) DAD and TA induced by ouabain (1 micromol/L) were inhibited by pretreatment with resveratrol (30, 60, and 120 micromol/L) in a concentration-dependent manner; (2) Pretreatment with N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 1 mmol/L), a nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, failed to abolish the above effect of resveratrol (60 micromol/L ); (3) 5 micromol/L 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) or 30 micromol/L resveratrol had no effects on DAD and TA, however, resveratrol combined with E(2) at the same doses exerted significant inhibitory effects on DAD and TA; (4) Pretreatment with tamoxifen (TAM, 10 micromol/L), an inhibitor of estrogen receptor, also did not blocked the effects of resveratrol (60 micromol/L) on DAD and TA induced by ouabain. All these results indicated that resveratrol exerted an inhibitory effects on DAD and TA induced by ouabain, possibly by reducing calcium influx, which might not be mediated by NO and estrogen receptor. The antiarrhythmic effects of resveratrol may contribute to its cardioprotective action.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Animals , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents , Pharmacology , Calcium Channel Blockers , Pharmacology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Guinea Pigs , Male , Microelectrodes , Ouabain , Papillary Muscles , Physiology , Stilbenes , Pharmacology
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 599-604, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334128

ABSTRACT

Resveratrol (trans-3, 4', 5-trihydroxy stilbene), a phytoalexin found in grape skins and red wine, has been reported to have a wide range of biological and pharmacological properties. It has been speculated that resveratrol may have cardioprotective activity. The objective of our study was to investigate the effects of resveratrol on intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) in rat ventricular myocytes. [Ca(2+)](i) was detected by laser scanning confocal microscopy. The results showed that resveratrol (15~60 mumol/L) reduced [Ca(2+)](i) in normal and Ca(2+)-free Tyrode's solution in a concentration-dependent manner. The effects of resveratrol on [Ca(2+)](i) in normal Tyrode's solution was partially inhibited by pretreatment with sodium orthovanadate (Na3VO4, 1.0 mmol/L, P<0.01), an inhibitor of protein tyrosine phosphatase, or L-type Ca(2+) channel agonist Bay K8644 (10 mumol/L, P<0.05), but could not be antagonized by NO synthase inhibitor L-NAME (1.0 mmol/L). Resveratrol also markedly inhibited the ryanodine-induced [Ca(2+)](i) increase in Ca(2+)-free Tyrode's solution (P<0.01). When Ca(2+) waves were produced by increasing extracellular Ca(2+) concentration from 1 to 10 mmol/L, resveratrol (60 mumol/L) could reduce the velocity and duration of propagating waves, and block the propagating waves of elevated [Ca(2+)](i). These results suggest that resveratrol may reduce the [Ca(2+)](i) in isolated rat ventricular myocytes. The inhibition of voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel and tyrosine kinase, and alleviation of Ca(2+) release from sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) are possibly involved in the effects of resveratrol on rat ventricular myocytes. These findings could help explain the protective activity of resveratrol against cardiovascular disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium , Metabolism , Calcium Channels , Heart Ventricles , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Intracellular Fluid , Metabolism , Male , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum , Metabolism , Stilbenes , Pharmacology
12.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 192-197, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352794

ABSTRACT

The effects of injection of adenosine into the renal artery on multi- and single-unit spontaneous discharges of renal afferent nerve fibers were investigated in anesthetized rabbits. The results obtained are as follows: (1) injection of 50, 100, and 200 nmol/kg adenosine into the renal artery increased the renal afferent nerve activity (ARNA) in a dose-dependent manner with unchanged arterial pressure; (2) pretreatment with 8-cyclopenthl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX, 160 nmol/kg), an adenosine A1 receptor antagonist, partly abolished the effect of adenosine; and (3) pretreatment with a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME, 0.1 mmol/kg) significantly enhanced the ARNA response to adenosine. The results suggest that injection of adenosine into the renal artery activates ARNA via adenosine receptors in anesthetized rabbits and that nitric oxide may be involved in regulating the activity of renal sensory nerve fibers as an inhibitory neurotransmitter.


Subject(s)
Adenosine , Pharmacology , Adenosine A1 Receptor Antagonists , Afferent Pathways , Physiology , Animals , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Electrophysiology , Female , Injections, Intra-Arterial , Kidney , Male , Nerve Fibers , Physiology , Nitric Oxide , Physiology , Rabbits , Renal Artery , Xanthines , Pharmacology
13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 369-373, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352766

ABSTRACT

The electrophysiological effects of nitric oxide (NO) on spontaneous activity of rabbit atrioventricular (AV) node cells were examined using intracellular microelectrode technique. The results obtained are as follows. (1) NO donors sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 1~1000 micromol/L) and 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1, 100, 1000 micromol/L) decreased the amplitude of action potential (APA), rate of spontaneous firing (RSF), velocity of diastolic (phase 4) depolarization (VDD), and maximal rate of depolarization (V(max)) in a concentration-dependent manner. (2) Pretreatment with L-type calcium channel agonist Bay K8644 (0.25 micromol/L) completely reversed the effects of SNP (100 micromol/L) on AV node cells. (3) Elevation of Ca(2+) concentration (5 mmol/L) in superfusate antagonized the effects of SNP on AV node cells. (4) Perfusion with Ca(2+)-free K-H solution, completely abolished the effects of SNP on AV node cells. (5) Application of methylene blue (50 micromol/L), a guanylyl cyclase inhibitor, failed to abolish the inhibitory effects of SNP (100 micromol/L). All these results suggest that NO exerts a negative effect on spontaneous activity of AV node cells in rabbits. These effects are likely due to reduction in calcium influx via a cGMP-independent mechanism.


Subject(s)
3-Pyridinecarboxylic acid, 1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-5-nitro-4-(2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-, Methyl ester , Pharmacology , Action Potentials , Animals , Atrioventricular Node , Cell Biology , Physiology , Calcium , Metabolism , Calcium Channel Agonists , Pharmacology , Calcium Channels, L-Type , Metabolism , Depression, Chemical , Female , Male , Microelectrodes , Nitric Oxide , Physiology , Rabbits
14.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 466-470, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352750

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to study the effect of genistein (GST) on L-type calcium current (I(Ca,L)) in isolated guinea pig ventricular myocytes using whole cell patch-clamp recording technique. The results are as follows. (1) GST (10, 50, 100 micromol/L) reduced the voltage-activated peak amplitude of I(Ca,L) in a concentration-dependent manner. Daidzein (100 micromol/L), a structural analogue of GST which has little or no inhibitory effect on tyrosine kinase, produced no effect over the same concentration range on I(Ca,L) (n=5, P>0.05). (2) GST up- shifted the current-voltage (I-V) curve, but the characteristics of I-V relationship were not significantly altered, and the maximal activation voltage of I(Ca,L) was not different from that of control. GST did not affect the activation kinetics of I(Ca,L). (3) GST markedly shifted the steady-state inactivation curve of I(Ca,L) to the left, and accelerated the voltage-dependent steady-state inactivation of I(Ca,L). V(0.5) value was -28.6 +/-0.6 mV in the control and -32.8 +/-1.1 mV in the presence of GST. The kappa values were 5.8 +/-0.5 mV and 6.5 +/-0.9 mV, respectively (n=6, P<0.05). (4) GST markedly shifted the curve of time-dependent recovery of I(Ca,L) from the steady-state inactivation to the right, and slowed down the recovery of I(Ca,L) from inactivation (n=7, P<0.01). (5) Sodium orthovanadate (1 mmol/L), a potent inhibitor of tyrosine phosphatase, significantly inhibited GST-induced inhibition (n=6, P<0.01). From the results obtained it is concluded that genistein inhibits I(Ca,L) and acts on the inactivated state of L-type calcium channel. This inhibitory effect of GST involves protein tyrosine kinase inhibition in guinea pig ventricular myocytes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium Channel Blockers , Pharmacology , Calcium Channels, L-Type , Genistein , Pharmacology , Guinea Pigs , Heart Ventricles , Cell Biology , Male , Myocytes, Cardiac , Cell Biology , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 620-624, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352725

ABSTRACT

The effects of femoral nerve electrostimulation (FNES) on ischemia-reperfused myocardium were examined in the urethane- anesthetized rats to determine whether FNES may provide cardioprotection and to observe the possible mechanism. The area at risk (AR) and infarct area (IA) were determined using Evans blue and nitro-blue tetrazolium staining, respectively. Infarct size (IS) was defined as 100xIA/AR (%). The results are as follows: (1) During 30 min myocardial ischemia and subsequent 120 min reperfusion, the myocardial infarct size occupied (54.96+/-0.82)% of the area at risk. (2) FNES of high frequency (10 V, 100 Hz, 1 ms) significantly reduced myocardial infarct size to (36.94+/-1.34)% (P<0.01), indicating the cardioprotective effect FNES of high frequency on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion, while FNES of low frequency (10 V, 10 Hz, 1 ms) had no effect on myocardial infarct size. (3) Pretreatment with either naloxone (5 mg /kg, i.v), a nonselective opioid receptor antagonist, or glibenclamide (5 mg /kg, i.v), a K(ATP) channel antagonist, completely abolished the cardioprotection of FNES (100 Hz) from myocardial ischemia-reperfusion. It is suggested that FNES of high frequency can protect myocardium from ischemia-reperfusion injury. The possible mechanism is that FNES of high frequency may induce the release of opioids from the central nervous system, and the activation of opioid receptors in the heart results in an opening of myocardial K(ATP) channels which can protect myocardium.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electric Stimulation , Methods , Femoral Nerve , Glyburide , Pharmacology , Male , Myocardial Infarction , Pathology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Pathology , Naloxone , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Opioid , Metabolism
16.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 708-712, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352710

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the electrophysiological effects of resveratrol on guinea pig papillary muscles and the underlying mechanism. Action potentials were recorded by using intracellular microelectrode technique. The results obtained are as follows: (1) In normal papillary muscles, resveratrol (30, 60, and 120 micromol/L) shortened the duration of action potential (APD) in a concentration-dependent manner. (2) In partially depolarized papillary muscles, resveratrol (60 micromol/L ) not only shortened APD, but also decreased the amplitude of action potential (APA), overshoot (OS) and maximal rate of depolarization in phase 0 (Vmax). (3) Perfusion with Ca2+-free K-H solution, completely abolished the effects of resveratrol (60 micromol/L) on papillary muscles. (4) Application of potassium channel blocker tetraethylammonium chloride (TEA, 20 mmol/L) did not prevent the effect of resveratrol (60 micromol/L) on action potential. (5) Pretreatment with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 1 mmol/L), a nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, failed to abolish the effect of resveratrol (60 micromol/L). All these results indicate that the electrophysiological effects of resveratrol on guinea pig papillary muscles are likely due to the reduction of calcium influx, which might not be mediated by NO.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Animals , Calcium Channel Blockers , Pharmacology , Guinea Pigs , In Vitro Techniques , Male , Microelectrodes , Papillary Muscles , Physiology , Stilbenes , Pharmacology
17.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 25-30, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290894

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) on carotid sinus baroreflex in 36 anesthetized male rats by isolated carotid sinus perfusion in vivo. The results obtained are as follows. (1) By perfusion with CCK-8 (0.1, 0.5, 1.0 micromol/L), the functional curve of baroreflex was shifted to the right and upward, with a decrease in peak slope (PS) (p<0.001) and a reflex decrease (RD) in mean arterial pressure, while the threshold pressure (TP) and saturation pressure (SP) were significantly increased. Among the functional parameters of carotid sinus baroreflex, the changes in RD, PS and TP were dose-dependent. (2) Pretreatment with proglumide (100 micromol/L), a nonselective CCK receptor antagonist, the inhibitory effect of CCK-8 (0.5 micromol/L) on the baroreflex was significantly attenuated. (3) Pretreatment with L-NAME (100 micromol/L), an inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthase, did not affect the inhibitory action of CCK-8 (0.5 micromol/L). (4) Preperfusion with Bay K 8644 (500 nmol/L), an agonist of calcium channel, could attenuate the effect of CCK-8 (0.5 micromol/L). It is suggested that the inhibitory action of CCK-8 on the baroreflex may be mediated by the activation of its receptors in the carotid sinus baroreceptor, leading to an inhibition of stretch-sensitive channels and a decrease in Ca(2+) influx. However, NO released from the endothelium seems not to be involved in the mechanism of this effect.


Subject(s)
3-Pyridinecarboxylic acid, 1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-5-nitro-4-(2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-, Methyl ester , Pharmacology , Animals , Baroreflex , Calcium Channel Agonists , Pharmacology , Carotid Sinus , Physiology , Depression, Chemical , In Vitro Techniques , Male , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester , Pharmacology , Proglumide , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sincalide , Pharmacology
18.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 505-510, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290936

ABSTRACT

The effects of intrarenal artery injection of capsaicin on multi- and single-unit spontaneous discharges of renal afferent nerve fibers were investigated in anesthetized rabbits. The results obtained are as follows: (1) intrarenal artery injection of capsaicin (20, 40, and 60 nmol/kg) increased the renal afferent nerve activity (ARNA) in a dose-dependent manner with unchanged arterial pressure; (2) pretreatment with ruthenium red (40 mmol/kg), a capsaicin receptor antagonist, completely abolished the effect of capsaicin; and (3) pretreatment with a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor L-NAME (N(6)-nitro-L-arginine methylester, 0.1 mmol/kg), significantly enhanced the ARNA response to capsaicin. The results suggest that intrarenal artery injection of capsaicin can activate ARNA via capsaicin receptors in anesthetized rabbits and that nitric oxide may be involved in regulating the activity of renal sensory nerve fibers as an inhibitory neurotransmitter.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsaicin , Pharmacology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Electrophysiology , Female , Injections, Intra-Arterial , Kidney , Male , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester , Pharmacology , Nitric Oxide , Pharmacology , Rabbits , Ruthenium Red , Pharmacology , Visceral Afferents , Physiology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL