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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798512

ABSTRACT

Objective:The different parts of Psidium guajava(Myrrhinaceae) have different bioactivities. There are intensive studies for chemical constituents of its leaves and fruits at present. However,there are a few studies for the roots. Therefore, we systematically investigated the chemical constituents of phenolic acids in roots of P.guajava. Method:The chemical constituents were isolated and purified by various column chromatography methods and semi-preparative HPLC. The isolated compounds were identified by physicochemical properties and spectral analysis. Result:Sixteen phenolic components were isolated from the ethanol extract and identified as 3,3',4'-tri-O-methylellagic acid(1),3,3',4-tri-O-methylellagic acid-4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(2),3-O-methylellagic acid-4'-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside(3),3'-O-methyl-3,4-O,O-metheneellagic acid-4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(4),gallic acid(5),methyl gallate(6),ethyl gallate(7), 3,4,5-trimethoxypheny-1-β-D-glucopyranoside(8),3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxy-benzoic acid-7-O-β-D-glucoside(9),1-hydroxy-3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl-1-O-[6'-O-(4″-carboxy-1″,3″,5″-trihydroxy)phenyl]-β-D-glucopyranoside(10),vanillic acid(11),protocatechuic acid(12),secoisolariciresinol 9-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(13),phloretin 4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(14),cinchonain Ib(15) and epicatechin(16). Conclusion:Compounds 3,4,6,8-10,13-15 were isolated from this plant for the first time.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690533

ABSTRACT

A new sesquiterpenes named glaucochinarol A (1) and a new phenylpropane glycoside named glcacochinaside A (2), together with six known ones, including trichothecolone (3), β-D-(6-O-trans-feruloyl)fructofuranosyl-α-D-O-glucopyranoisde (4), 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl-β-D-glucopyranoside (5), (4R)-p-menth-1-ene-7,8-diol-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (6), naringenin (7), and emodin-8-O-β-glucoside (8) were isolated from smilax glaucochina warb. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of NMR, MS and published data. Compounds 3-8 were isolated from the species for this first time.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338214

ABSTRACT

Neoflavonoids are a kind of characteristic components in the Dalbergia genus. Based on the previous researches, 59 neoflavonoids have been obtained from the Dalbergia genus. According to their molecular skeleton, the neoflavonoids can be divided intodalbergiphenols, dalbergiones, dalbergins, benzophenones and other types. Modern research shows that neoflavonoids displayed a variety of pharmacological activities, such as anti-osteoporosis, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, anti-androgen, anti-allergic, antioxidation etc. This paper reviewed neoflavonoids and their pharmacological functions, which could provide the valuable reference for comprehensive utilization and new drug development in the Dalbergia genus.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1731-1736, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779782

ABSTRACT

To investigated the chemical constituents of the roots of Psidium guajava,we isolated seven compounds by silica gel column chromatography.These include oleanane derivatives,2 α,3β,6β,23-tetrahydroxylurs-12,20(30)-dien-28-oic acid β-D-glucopyranoside (1),2α,3β,6β,23-tetrahydroxylurs-12,18-dien-28-oic acid β-D-glucopyranoside (2),2α,3β,23-trihydroxylurs-12,18-dien-28-oic acid β-D-glucopyranoside (3), nigaichigoside F1(4),asiaticoside C (5),2α,3β,6β,19α,23-pentahydroxylurs-12,18-dien-28-oic acid β-Dglucopyranoside (6) and 2α,3β,19α,23-tetrahydroxylurs-12-en-28-oic acid (7).Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral analysis with reference to the published data.Compound 1 is brand new,compounds 2-6 were first isolated from this plant.The new compound was evaluated for their cytotoxic activity against human hepatoma Bel 7402 in vitro.The results were expressed as the ratio of inhibiting Bel 7402 cells growth by comparing to untreated cells.The new compound (concentration:25 μmol·L-1) showed the ratio values of 52.5%.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304794

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents were separated and purified from the 70% ethanol extract of Smilax trinervulaby various chromatographic methods including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, MCI and preparative HPLC. Their structures were obtained and identified by analysis of the spectroscopic data. Compounds 1-11 were separated from this genus for the first time. Compound 12 was obtained from S. trinervula for the first time.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284782

ABSTRACT

Steroidal saponins have a wide range of pharmacological effects and biological activities, such as anti-tumor, antifungal, hypoglycemic, immune regulation, insecticides, etc. In the last ten years, some new structures of steroidal saponins compounds were found from natural plants, they have some new and different activities. In order to accelerate the research on the drug innovation of steroidal saponins, we summarized the new progress of the research on such compounds.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Antifungal Agents , Pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Pharmacology , Saponins , Pharmacology , Steroids , Pharmacology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318081

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Of this study was to prepare high sensitivity and high specificity of highly pathogenic H5N1 subtype avian influenza virus NS1 protein antibody and a preliminary assessment of its potency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Construct pET-28a (+) recombinant vector containing the H5N1 subtype of avian influenza virus NS1 sequences of E. coli BL21 (DE3), induced expression of NS1 protein, NS1 recombinant protein was obtained by Ni-NTA column purified by affinity chromatography, and SDS-PAGE and Western Blot analysis. Purified protein antigen to immunize New Zealand white rabbits, obtained rabbit anti-NS1 serum, affinity-purified polyclonal antibodies. Using ELISA and Western Blot analysis of purified antibody titer and specificity.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>NS1 fusion protein was highly expressed in a purity of greater than 90%, with the fusion protein was used to immunize New Zealand white rabbits anti-NS1 polyclonal antibody titer of 1:80 000, and specific recognition of the H5N1 subtype of avian influenza virus NS1 protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>NS1 polyclonal antibodies to NS1 recombinant protein purified antigen, with better potency and specificity, and to prepare the conditions for the development of the H5N1 subtype of avian influenza virus detection kit.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Allergy and Immunology , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype , Allergy and Immunology , Rabbits , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Viral Nonstructural Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636170

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the interobserver variabilities and the differential diagnosis value of Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System-Ultrasound (BI-RADS-US) lexicon for small ( ≤ 2 cm) breast nodules. Methods Between January 2009 and December 2011, 289 patients with small (≤2 cm) breast nodules (n=317) were included. According to sizes, the lesions were divided into two groups, i.e., 0-1 cm (n=160) group and 1-2 cm (n=157)group. Each lesion was described independently by 3 radiologists using BI-RADS-US lexicon. Interobserver variabilities were assessed by Kappa test. Chi-square test was used to compare the frequency difference of the descriptors between malignant and benign lesions. Sensitivity, speciifcity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negtive predictive value were calculated. Results (1)Moderate agreements were obtained for lesion shape, orientation, margin, echo pattern, surrounding tissue and calciifcations (κ=0.44, 0.57, 0.48, 0.43, 0.51 and 0.57) in 0-1 cm group. Substantial agreements were obtained for lesion shape, orientation, margin and echo pattern (κ=0.65, 0.61, 0.64 and 0.63) in 1-2 cm group. (2)Irregular shape, non-parallel orientation, non-circumscribed margin, echogenic halo and microcalciifcations were more frequently found in malignant nodules than in benign nodules in 0-1 cm group [52.3% (34/65) vs 20.0% (19/95), 38.5%(25/65) vs 13.7%(13/95), 75.4%(49/65) vs 32.6%(31/95), 18.6%(12/65) vs 0 (0/95) and 10.8%(7/65) vs 2.1%(2/95);χ2=18.19, 13.08, 28.22, 16.39 and 3.95;P=0.000, 0.000, 0.000, 0.000 and 0.047]. Similarly, irregular shape, non-parallel orientation, non-circumscribed margin, echogenic halo, shadowing, changes of Cooper′s ligament and microcalciifcations were signiifcantly more frequent found in malignant nodules than in benign nodules in 1-2 cm group [74.2%(49/66) vs 12.1%(11/91), 36.3%(24/66) vs 5.5%(5/91), 93.9%(62/66) vs 22.0%(20/91), 37.9%(25/66) vs 3.3%(3/91), 30.3%(20/66) vs 7.7%(7/91), 15.2%(10/66) vs 0 (0/91) and 16.7%(11/66) vs 4.4%(4/91);χ2=62.59, 24.21, 79.40, 31.22, 13.73, 12.30 and 6.67;P=0.000, 0.000, 0.000, 0.000, 0.000, 0.000 and 0.010]. (3)In both groups, a good sensitivity was demonstrated (75.4%&93.9%) when using the non-circumscribed margin as a criterion for malignancy, and high speciifcity was achieved in two groups (80.0%-100%and 87.9%-100%) when other descriptors including irregular shape, non-parallel orientation, echogenic halo, shadowing, changes of Cooper′s ligament and microcalciifcations were used as differentiation criteria. Conclusions Good interobserver agreement can be achieved using the BI-RADS-US lexicon in the diagnosis of small breast nodules. Non-circumscribed margin are proved as the most valuable sign for screening malignant breast lesions ≤ 2 cm. High speciifcity was found for irregular shape, nonparallel orientation, echogenic halo, shadowing, Cooper′s ligament changes and microcalciifcations, which can help biopsy and preoperative diagnosis.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2045-2050, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319149

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Progranulin is a newly discovered 88-kDa glycoprotein originally purified from the highly tumorigenic mouse teratoma-derived cell line PC. Its expression is closely correlated with the development and metastasis of several cancers. However, no immunohistochemical evidence currently exists to correlate progranulin expression with clinicopathologic features in breast carcinoma biopsies, and the role of progranulin as a new marker of metastatic risk and prognosis in breast cancer has not yet been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathologic and prognostic implications of progranulin expression in breast carcinoma and its correlation with tumor angiogenesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Progranulin expression was determined immunohistochemically in 183 surgical specimens from patients with breast cancer and 20 tissue samples from breast fibroadenomas. The tumor angiogenesis-related biomarker, vascular endothelial growth factor was assayed and microvessel density was assessed by counting vascular endothelial cells in tumor tissues labeled with endoglin antibody. The relationship between progranulin expression and the clinicopathologic data were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Progranulin proteins were overexpressed in breast cancer. The level of progranulin expression was significantly correlated with tumor size (P = 0.004), lymph node metastasis (P < 0.001) and TNM staging (P < 0.001). High progranulin expression was associated with higher tumor angiogenesis, reflected by increased vascular endothelial growth factor expression (P < 0.001) and higher microvessel density (P = 0.002).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Progranulin may be a valuable marker for assessing the metastasis and prognosis of breast cancer, and could provide the basis for new combination regimens with antiangiogenic activity.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Breast Neoplasms , Metabolism , Endoglin , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Vitro Techniques , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Metabolism , Middle Aged , Receptors, Cell Surface , Metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1338-1344, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352563

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Interleukin 10 (IL-10) is an important cytokine with anti-inflammatory, anti-immune and anti-fibrotic functions. This study aimed at evaluating the relationship between allele polymorphisms in the IL-10 promoter region and hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The odds ratios (ORs) of IL-10 allele distributions in patients with HBV or HCV infection were analyzed against healthy controls. All the relevant studies in PubMed were identified, and poor qualified studies were excluded. The meta-analysis software REVMAN 4.2 was applied for investigating heterogeneity among individual studies and summarizing all the studies. The publication bias was also evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>This study demonstrated a significant association between the IL-10-592 A/C polymorphism and HBV infection in the Asian population under the overall effect size of allele A versus C. In our subgroup meta-analysis, we found a significant association of IL-10-592 A/C polymorphism to HCV infection susceptibility in Asian populations, although sensitivity analysis showed that the combined result was not associated with the worldwide population. Other IL-10 allele polymorphisms were not associated with HBV or HCV infection.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>IL-10-592 A/C allele might be a risk factor for HBV or HCV in Asians but not in Europeans.</p>


Subject(s)
Alleles , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetics , Hepatitis B , Epidemiology , Genetics , Hepatitis C , Epidemiology , Genetics , Humans , Interleukin-10 , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Genetics
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2123-2128, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240827

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Macro- and microvascular diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients, but their mechanisms remain unclear. Recent reports provide evidence that the levels of CD55 and CD59 are decreased in diabetic microvascular diseases. However, very little is known about the levels of CD55 and CD59, the relationship between them and carotid artery intima-media thickness, and the effects of statins on CD55 and CD59 in diabetic macrovascular diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of CD55 and CD59 expression on peripheral blood leucocyte subsets (lymphocytes, monocytes and neutrophils) was studied using flow cytometry, and carotid artery intima-media thickness was measured using B-mode ultrasonography in 23 healthy subjects (controls), 19 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and 43 patients with type 2 diabetes and macrovascular diseases (T2DM-M). The patients with T2DM-M were assigned to two subgroups based on whether statins were used: group with statins (n = 23) and group without statins (n = 20).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the controls and T2DM, the MFI of CD55 positive neutrophils was significantly lower in T2DM-M (P = 0.049 vs controls and P = 0.033 vs T2DM); similarly, the MFI of CD59 positive monocytes was also lower in T2DM-M (P = 0.038 vs controls and P = 0.043 vs T2DM). The MFI of CD59 positive neutrophils in T2DM-M was lower than in T2DM (P = 0.032). The levels of CD55 and CD59 were negatively associated with age and blood pressure (r = -0.245 - -0.352, P = 0.041 - 0.003), but not acute-phase reactants and carotid artery intima-media thickness. The levels of CD55 and CD59 increased after treatment with statins, but the results were not significantly different (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CD55 and CD59 expressions on peripheral blood leucocytes are decreased in T2DM patients with macrovascular diseases. The results suggest that the decreased levels of complement regulatory proteins might play an important role in diabetic macrovascular diseases.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , CD55 Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , CD59 Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Allergy and Immunology , Diabetic Angiopathies , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Leukocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293669

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the high-yield and high-quality cultivating technology of Plantago asiatica, adapt to the demands of GAP.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The main factors which influenced the yield and quality in the production process of P. asiatica was studied.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The standard system cultivating technology of high yield and quality of P. asiatica was established.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The seeds of P. asiatica can reach the objective of high yield and high quality on the basis of this cultivating technology.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Fertilizers , Pest Control , Plant Diseases , Plantago , Plants, Medicinal , Quality Control , Seeds , Soil
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