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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879127

ABSTRACT

As a traditional Chinese medicine, Chinese dragon's blood has multiple effects, such as activating blood to remove blood stasis, softening and dispelling stagnation, astringent and hemostasis, clearing swelling and relieving pain, regulating menstruation and rectifying the blood, so it is called "an effective medicine of promoting blood circulation". It has been widely used clinically to treat a variety of diseases. With the further research on Chinese dragon's blood, its anti-tumor medicinal value is gradually emerging. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Chinese dragon's blood exerts anti-tumor effects mainly by inhibiting cell proliferation, inducing apoptosis, inducing DNA damage and cell cycle arrest, inducing senescence and autophagy of tumor cells, inhibiting metastasis and angiogenesis, as well as reversing multidrug resistance. This article focuses on the research progress on anti-tumor effects of Chinese dragon's blood extract and its chemical components, with a view to provide new references for the in-depth research and reasonable utilization of Chinese dragon's blood.


Subject(s)
China , Dracaena , Female , Plant Extracts , Resins, Plant
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828395

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the effect of Huaier aqueous extract on the growth and metastasis of human non-small cell lung cancer NCI-H1299 cells and its underlying mechanisms. MTT assay was used to detect the effect of Huaier aqueous extract on the proliferation of NCI-H1299 cells. Flow cytometry was used to examine the effect of Huaier aqueous extract on the apoptosis, cell cycle, and ROS level of NCI-H1299 cells. Wound healing assay was used to evaluate the effect of Huaier aqueous extract on the migration ability of NCI-H1299 cells. Western blot was used to detect the levels of proteins involving apoptosis, epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT), and MAPK signaling pathway in NCI-H1299 cells exposed to Huaier aqueous extract. The results showed that Huaier aqueous extract inhibited the proliferation of NCI-H1299 cells, and induced cell-cycle arrest at the phase S. Huaier aqueous extract promoted the apoptosis of NCI-H1299 cells by down-regulating the expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. Moreover, Huaier aqueous extract increased ROS level and induced ferroptosis in NCI-H1299 cells. EMT played a critical role in cancer metastasis. Huaier aqueous extract reduced the migration ability of NCI-H1299 cells by inhibiting EMT of NCI-H1299 cells. In addition, this study revealed that Huaier aqueous extract inhibited MAPK signaling pathway in human non-small cell lung cancer NCI-H1299 cells, which may be one of Huaier's mechanisms in inhibiting growth and metastasis of NCI-H1299 cells. This study provides a new theoretical basis for the clinical treatment of lung cancer with Huaier, and important reference significance for further studies on the anti-tumor mechanisms of Huaier.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Complex Mixtures , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Trametes
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 950-954, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268279

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the relationship between overweight, obesity and arterial stiffness in community residents.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 4585 community-dwelling adults in Jiangsu province, China were surveyed with the method of stratified and cluster sampling from 2007 to 2009. Overweight and obesity were defined by body mass index (BMI) and arterial stiffness was assessed by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). Statistical analysis of arteriosclerosis included multivariate logistic regression testing among which BMI was viewed as continuous variable (1 kg/m(2) increasing to BMI) and categorical variables (underweight, normal, overweight and obesity) respectively. Odds ratio, population attributable risk percent and the optimal cut-off points for BMI to evaluate arteriosclerosis were analyzed using receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) After age control, BMI of male or female were positively correlated with baPWV (r = 0.213, P < 0.01; r = 0.186, P < 0.01). baPWV and prevalence of arteriosclerosis were significantly higher in obese residents compared with normal body weight group (all P < 0.01). (2) As a continuous variable, the odds ratio value of BMI on predicting arteriosclerosis was 1.146 (95%CI: 1.117 - 1.175, P < 0.01) after adjusting of age, gender and hypertension. As categorical variables, the odds ratio value of BMI was 0.369 (95%CI: 0.141 - 0.962, P < 0.05) for underweight group, 1.576 (95%CI: 1.333 - 1.863) for overweight group and 2.087 (95%CI: 1.615 - 2.698) for obesity group (all P < 0.01). (3) The population attributable arteriosclerosis risk was 19.1% and 11.6% in overweight and obesity groups, respectively. The area under the ROC curve was 0.661 (95%CI: 0.645 - 0.678, P < 0.01) and the optimal cut-off point for BMI to evaluate arteriosclerosis was 24.25 kg/m(2).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Overweight and obese residents faced higher risk for arteriosclerosis than normal population. Overweight and obesity are independent risk factors for arteriosclerosis after adjusting for age, gender and hypertension.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Ankle Brachial Index , Arteriosclerosis , Blood Flow Velocity , Body Mass Index , China , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Male , Obesity , Overweight , Prevalence , Pulsatile Flow , Pulse Wave Analysis , Thinness , Vascular Stiffness
4.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 749-756, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294469

ABSTRACT

Epigenetic mechanisms, including DNA methylation, are responsible for determining and maintaining cell fate, stably differentiating the various tissues in our bodies. Increasing evidence shows that DNA methylation plays a significant role in cancer, from the silencing of tumor suppressors to the activation of oncogenes and the promotion of metastasis. Recent studies also suggest a role for DNA methylation in drug resistance. This perspective article discusses how DNA methylation may contribute to the development of acquired endocrine resistance, with a focus on breast cancer. In addition, we discuss DNA methylome profiling and how recent developments in this field are shedding new light on the role of epigenetics in endocrine resistance. Hormone ablation is the therapy of choice for hormone-sensitive breast tumors, yet as many as 40% of patients inevitably relapse, and these hormone refractory tumors often have a poor prognosis. Epigenetic studies could provide DNA methylation biomarkers to predict and diagnose acquired resistance in response to treatment. Elucidation of epigenetic mechanisms may also lead to the development of new treatments that specifically target epigenetic abnormalities or vulnerabilities in cancer cells. Expectations must be tempered by the fact that epigenetic mechanisms of endocrine resistance remain poorly understood, and further study is required to better understand how altering epigenetic pathways with therapeutics can promote or inhibit endocrine resistance in different contexts. Going forward, DNA methylome profiling will become increasingly central to epigenetic research, heralding a network-based approach to epigenetics that promises to advance our understanding of the etiology of cancer in ways not previously possible.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , DNA Methylation , Drug Delivery Systems , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Epigenesis, Genetic , Physiology , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Estrogen Receptor alpha , Metabolism , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Signal Transduction
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