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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935795

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the incidence characteristics of occupational diseases in Guangzhou from 2010 to 2020, provide scientific basis for formulating occupational disease prevention and control policies. Methods: In January 2021, based on the data of occupational diseases in Guangzhou reported in the Information Monitoring System of Occupational Diseases and Occupational Health, descriptive epidemiological method was used to analyze the types and characteristics of occupational diseases in Guangzhou from 2010 to 2020. Results: A total of 1341 cases of 38 kinds of occupational diseases in 9 categories were reported in the past 11 years. The incidence of occupational pneumoconiosis, occupational otolaryngology and oral diseases and occupational chemical poisoning ranked the top three, accounting for 38.1% (511/1341) , 30.5% (409/1341) and 16.2% (217/1341) of the total cases respectively. The cases of pneumoconiosis in welders and silicosis accounted for 47.7% (244/511) and 34.4% (176/511) of the cases of occupational pneumoconiosis respectively. The cases of noise deafness accounted for 99.8% (408/409) of occupational otorhinolaryngology oral diseases. Acute occupational chemical poisoning cases accounted for 26.7% (58/217) of the occupational chemical poisoning cases, in which dichloroethane poisoning cases ranked the first, accounting for 79.3% (46/58) . Chronic occupational chemical poisoning cases accounted for 73.3% (159/217) of the occupational poisoning cases, in which benzene and lead poisoning cases ranked the top two, accounting for 79.2% (126/159) and 17.6% (28/159) respectively. Conclusion: Pneumoconiosis, silicosis, noise deafness, benzene poisoning, lead poisoning, dichloroethane poisoning should be supervised and managed as key occupational diseases in Guangzhou.


Subject(s)
Benzene , China/epidemiology , Deafness , Ethylene Dichlorides , Humans , Incidence , Lead Poisoning , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Silicosis
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935761

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the diagnosis of suspected occupational diseases reported in Guangzhou from 2014 to 2019, so as to provide theoretical basis and technical support for the supervision of suspected occupational disease reports. Methods: By cluster sampling, the suspected occupational disease report card, occupational disease report card and pneumoconiosis report card reported by Guangzhou from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2019 in the occupational disease and occupational health information monitoring system were collected for matching analysis to understand the diagnosis of suspected occupational disease patients. Results: From 2014 to 2019, a total of 1426 suspected occupational cases in 7 categories and 32 species were reported in Guangzhou. The average number of reported cases per year was about 240. The main diseases of suspected occupational diseases were suspected occupational noise deafness (68.44%, 976/1426) , suspected occupational chronic benzene poisoning (16.48%, 235/1426) , suspected occupational other pneumoconiosis (4.84%, 69/1426) , suspected occupational silicosis (3.23%, 46/1426) and suspected occupational welder pneumoconiosis (1.82%, 26/1426) . The diagnostic rate required to enter the occupational disease diagnostic program is 36.61% (522/1426) , and the diagnostic rate is 59.20% (309/522) . In 2019, the diagnosis rate of suspected occupational diseases was the lowest (23.92%, 61/255) , Huadu District was the lowest (8.33%, 9/108) , suspected occupational pneumoconiosis was the lowest (28.03%, 44/157) , the diagnosis rate of suspected occupational diseases reported by the Centers for Disease control and prevention was the lowest (17.43%, 19/109) , and the diagnosis rate of suspected occupational diseases reported by outpatient treatment was the lowest (22.22%, 2/9) . The suspected occupational diseases reported by institutions outside Guangzhou did not enter the occupational disease diagnosis procedure. Suspected occupational skin diseases, suspected occupational diseases caused by physical factors and suspected occupational tumors were diagnosed, and the diagnosis rate of occupational disease prevention and control institutions was the highest (94.87%, 37/39) . Conclusion: The main types of suspected occupational diseases reported during these six years are noise deafness, chronic benzene poisoning and pneumoconiosis. The overall diagnosis rate and diagnosis rate of suspected occupational diseases are not high. It is suggested to improve the network direct reporting system of suspected occupational diseases and strengthen the follow-up management and supervision of suspected occupational diseases.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Humans , Noise, Occupational , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Physical Examination , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Silicosis
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873155

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect and mechanisms of modified Erchentang and Xuefu Zhuyutang on high-fat diet-induced apolipoprotein-E knockout (ApoE-/-) mice nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Method:Ten C57/BL6J mice were taken as normal control group and fed with normal feed. Totally 30 ApoE-/- mice were fed with high-fat diet to establish a disease model for 4 weeks. After 4 weeks, the 30 ApoE-/- mice were divided into model group, Xuefu Zhuyutang group (hereinafter referred to as Huoxue group) and modified Erchentang group (hereinafter referred to as Huatan group) by random number table method, with 10 in each group. The normal group and the model group were intragastrically administered with normal saline. The drug-administered group was intragastrically administered at a dosage that was ten times of the adult dose, once a day, for 8 weeks. Serum and liver were collected after the end of the 12-week experiment. The serum lipid and liver function levels of each group were measured, and the liver pathological morphology was observed. Protein and mRNA expressions of liver inflammatory mediators interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), monocyte chemotactic factor-1 (MCP-1) were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) and Western blot. Result:The results of serum lipids and liver function showed that compared with the normal group, serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in the model group were significantly increased, while serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) was significantly reduced (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, serum TG ,LDL and ALT were significantly decreased, HDL was significantly increased in the Huoxue group (P<0.05). The serum levels of TC, TG, LDL, AST and ALT in the Huatan group were significantly decreased,HDL was significantly increased (P<0.05,P<0.01), and TG was decreased. The mice serum HDL in the Huatan group was higher than that in the Huoxue group. The serum ALT in the Huoxue group was lower than that in the Huatan group. The pathological observation showed that compared with the normal group, hepatocytes in the model group had severe steatosis with many lipid droplet vacuoles, suggesting that the mouse NAFLD model was successful. Compared with the model group, each administration group alleviated hepatocyte steatosis, with no significant difference between the two administration groups. Western blot and Real-time PCR results showed that compared with the normal group, protein and mRNA expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, MCP-1, and MMP-9 in the model group were significantly increased (P<0.05,P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the Huoxue group significantly down-regulated the expressions of IL-1β, MCP-1 protein and MCP-1 mRNA(P<0.05,P<0.01). The Huatan group significantly reduced the expressions of IL-1β, TNF-α, MMP-9, MCP-1 protein, TNF-α and MMP-9 mRNA(P<0.05,P<0.01). Conclusion:Modified Erchentang and Xuefu Zhuyutang can alleviate the therapeutic effect of NAFLD mice to a certain extent, modified Erchentang has a better therapeutic effect.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776011

ABSTRACT

To analyze the clinical features and prognosis of ulcerative colitis(UC)complicated with acute massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding(LGIB). Methods Eleven patients hospitalized in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2006 to December 2017 for treatment of UC,suffering from acute massive LGIB,were enrolled and descriptively analyzed. Results The proportion of UC patients with acute massive LGIB was 0.7% among all 1486 UC patients hospitalized during the study period.The disease was moderately or severely active in these 11 patients,among whom 9 patients(81.8%)had chronic relapsing pancolitis.Cytomegalovirus infection was present in 5 patients,among whom 4 patients received antiviral treatments.All the 11 patients received treatments including food and water fasting,rehydration,blood transfusion,and use of somatostatin.Four patients received emergency surgical treatment after the first episode of massive bleeding,and 3 of them suffered from re-bleeding after the surgery.Among the remaining seven patients,two underwent emergency total colectomy+subtotal rectectomy+ileostomy and three received elective total resection of colon and rectum or total colectomy+subtotal rectectomy+ileostomy.Thus,9 patients underwent emergency surgery,1 patient did not receive surgey during follow-up,and 1 patient was lost to follow-up. Conclusions Acute massive LGIB is a manifestation of active UC and can be associated with poor prognosis.Optimized perioperative management is important for improving the outcomes of such patients.


Subject(s)
Colectomy , Colitis, Ulcerative , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , General Surgery , Humans , Ileostomy , Prognosis
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775981

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the characteristics of Chinese coccidioidomycosis cases, improve the diagnosis and treatment of this disease and prevent misdiagnosis as well as therapeutic error.Methods Search in databases including Medline,Wanfang,and CNKI using "Coccidioidomycosis" and "China" as index words yielded 23 articles that reported a total of 32 Chinese coccidioidomycosis cases.In addition,one patient with disseminated coccidioidomycos was treated in our center in April 2016.The demographic data,site of infection,clinical manifestations,past medical history,exposure history,imaging and laboratory findings,and pathological features of these 33 patients were analyzed.Results Among these 33 patients,7(21.2%)had visited an epidemic area and 6(18.2%)were immunocompromised.The disease involved the respiratory system,skin,bone,central nervous system,cornea,and stomach in 24,6,3,2,1,and 1 patients,respectively.Eight patients (24.2%) had multiple system involvement,and three of them died.The imaging findings included pulmonary nodules(=14),mediastinal lymphadenopathy(=5),solid shadow(=4),cavity(=4),pleural effusion(=3),multiple plaques(=2)and masses(=2).Coccidiolys cysts were detected in the affected tissues(=28)or in pus,exudate or pleural smear(=3);in addition,coccidioides mycelium and spores were found in the sputum,pus,and tissue cultures in 4 cases,among whom only 2 cases were confirmed by serological examination.The treatments included triazoles(=20),systemic or local administration of amphotericin B(=13),surgical resection of the lesion(=8),and intravenous gamma globulin(=1).Five patients died,among whom three had underlying diseases that caused immunosuppression and one was an infant.The prognoses were relatively good in the remaining patients.Conclusions Early diagnosis and proper treatment can achieve good prognosis in coccidioidomycosis patients.Multi-system involvement and immunosuppression are risk factors for poor prognosis of coccidioidomycosis.For these patients,adequate and full-course medication may prevent rapid disease progression.


Subject(s)
China , Coccidioides , Coccidioidomycosis , Diagnosis , Pathology , Therapeutics , Humans , Prognosis
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2835-2841, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781736

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There have been few reports of mutations in the beta-myosin heavy chain (MYH7) gene in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), which is associated with sudden cardiac death caused by HCM. This study aimed to screen the mutation sites in the sarcomeric gene MYH7 in Chinese patients with HCM. We also planned to analyze the pathogenicity of the mutation site as well as its significance in clinical and forensic medicine.@*METHODS@#From January 2006 to June 2017, autopsy cases were collected from the Department of Pathology, the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University. The experiment was to detect MYH7 gene status in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues from 18 independent autopsy cases who suffered HCM related sudden death (fatal HCM) and 20 cases without cardiomyopathy. Common mutation exon fragments of MYH7 gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction. The end-of-deoxygenation method and gene cloning method were further performed to analyze the mutation sites. Homologous comparison among mutant sites was conducted using BLAST online database.@*RESULTS@#The 1336th nucleotide of MYH7 gene at exon 14 was converted from T to G in one HCM case, resulting in the conversion of threonine (Thr) at position 446 to proline (Pro). In another case, the 1402th nucleotide at exon 14 was converted from T to C, resulting in the conversion of phenylalanine (Phe) at position 468 to leucine (Leu). Homologous comparison results showed that the two amino acid residues of Thr446 and Phe468 are highly conserved among different species.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our results showed fatal HCM harbored mutations of Thr446Pro and Phe468Leu in the MYH7 gene. It is significant for clinical and forensic medicine to further explore the functions and detailed mechanisms of these mutations.

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