Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 19 de 19
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1465-1470, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924751

ABSTRACT

Probe electrospray ionization (PESI) is one of the typical types of ambient ionization technology, but its application in quantitative analysis is limited due to its poor sampling stability. Previously, we developed a new micro-pen electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (μPen-ESI-MS/MS) method based on PESI. In this study, a μPen-ESI-MS/MS method to measure testosterone and dextromethorphan in liver microsome samples was developed and validated to further applicate in evaluating drug metabolism stability and CYP450 enzyme activity. A μPen-ESI-MS/MS method for detecting the CYP3A4 substrate testosterone and CYP2D6 substrate dextromethorphan in the liver microsome incubation system were developed, and the linearity, precision and accuracy of the method was validated. The validated method was further used to detect the metabolic stability of testosterone in the liver microsome incubation system. The results showed that the μPen-ESI-MS/MS had high efficiency with 0.3 min spraying time of each sample. The standard curve of the testosterone and dextromethorphan has good linearity (R2 > 0.99), the intra- and inter-batch accuracy of testosterone and dextromethorphan was 95.9%-109.3% and 90.5%-107.3%, respectively; the intra- and inter-batch precision was acceptable with RSD values of 2.4%-13.5% and 3.4%-12.1%. The half-lives of testosterone and dextromethorphan in the liver microsome incubation system were 12 min and 14 min, respectively. This study provided a rapid and sensitive μPen-ESI-MS/MS method for the assay of testosterone and dextromethorphan in liver microsome samples, and provided a new strategy for the evaluation of drug metabolism stability and CYP3A4/CYP2D6 activity.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1360-1368, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887096

ABSTRACT

Pregnane X receptor (PXR), a member of nuclear receptor superfamily, plays an important role in xenobiotic and endogenous metabolism, endocrine balance, and cell proliferation, etc. Previous study has shown that pregnenolone 16α-carbonitrile (PCN), a mouse PXR agonist, could induce liver enlargement. And we found that the change in hepatocytes exhibits regional distribution characteristics: hepatocyte enlargement occurs around the central vein (CV) area, while hepatocyte proliferation occurs around the portal vein (PV) area. In this study, the dynamic changes of hepatocytes during PXR-induced liver enlargement were determined. Serum and liver samples from male C57BL/6 mice were collected for biochemical and pathological analysis after PCN treatment for 1, 2, 3, 5 days, respectively. The animal experiment was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Sun Yat-Sen University. The results showed that with the increase in the PCN treatment days, the feature of this regional change of hepatocyte around the CV and PV areas became more and more obvious. At the same time, the factors related to hepatocyte enlargement, such as the expression of PXR downstream genes and the hepatic content of triglyceride (TG), has gradually increased. The upregulation of proliferation-related proteins and downregulation of cyclin-dependent kinases inhibitor proteins were observed in the early stage of PCN treatment, suggesting that hepatocyte proliferation occurs earlier than hepatocyte enlargement during PXR-induced liver enlargement. This study reveals the dynamic change of hepatocytes during PXR-induced liver enlargement and provides a new insight in liver enlargement promoted via PXR activation.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1147-1154, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886998

ABSTRACT

Acetaminophen (APAP, also known as paracetamol)-induced liver injury is the leading cause of drug-induced liver injury in the world. Wuzhi Tablet (WZ, an ethanol extract of Schisandra sphenanthera) is widely used in clinical practice to protect liver function. Our previous studies have shown that pretreatment with WZ for 3 days can significantly protect against APAP-induced liver injury; however, the effect of different intervals between APAP and WZ treatment on APAP-induced liver injury remains unclear. In this study, the change in liver injury indexes, APAP metabolites, and the activity of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes after treatment with WZ and APAP at different intervals were determined. The animal experiment was reviewed and approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Sun Yat-sen University. The results show that 0 h, 0.5 h, and 2 h pretreatment with WZ significantly protected against APAP-induced liver injury in mice, as evidenced by a significant decrease in biochemical parameters such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and malonaldehyde (MDA). WZ inhibited the metabolic activation of APAP mediated by CYP450 enzymes and reduced the formation of APAP metabolites. This study further demonstrates that pretreatment with WZ at different intervals (0 h, 0.5 h, and 2 h before APAP dosing) exerts a significant hepatoprotective effect against APAP-induced liver injury, and a single-dose of WZ inhibits the activity of CYP450 enzymes related to APAP metabolic activation, thereby protecting against APAP-induced hepatotoxicity.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 922-929, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821692

ABSTRACT

Schisandrol B (SolB) is one of the active constituents from a traditional Chinese medicine Schisandra chinensis or Schisandra sphenanthera. Our previous studies found that SolB exerts hepatoprotective effects against drug-induced liver injury and promotes liver regeneration. We further found that SolB significantly induces liver enlargement but the mechanisms remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the change of lipidome in liver tissues during SolB-induced hepatomegaly. The animal experiment protocol was approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee at Sun Yat-sen University. Serum and liver samples of male C57BL/6 mice were collected after intraperitoneal injection of SolB (100 mg·kg-1·d-1) for 5 days. Lipidomics analysis was performed using Q Exactive UHPLC-MS/MS system. The results showed that SolB significantly promoted liver enlargement in mice without liver injury and inflammation. Lipid accumulation was observed in the liver tissues after SolB treatment. Thirty-five lipids were identified with significant change and triglycerides (TG) were found to have the most significant increase in SolB-treated group, indicating the increase of energy production during SolB-induced hepatomegaly. This study reveals the impact of SolB on lipid metabolism and provides a potential explanation for liver enlargement induced by SolB.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1062-1068, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780186

ABSTRACT

Cyclophosphamide (CPA) is one of the most commonly used alkylating agents in the treatment of malignant cancer. CPA is metabolized by cytochrome P450 enzymes into 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide in vivo which can exhibit anti-tumor activity. Metabolic activation of CPA can cause adverse reactions such as myelosuppression, cystitis, and liver injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate the dynamic changes of hepatic injury induced by CPA in mice. Male BALB/c mice were injected CPA (200 mg·kg-1) intraperitoneally. Both serum and liver samples were collected at 0, 2, 6, 12 and 24 hours after dosing. The animal experiment protocol was approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee at Sun Yat-sen University. The results showed that hepatotoxicity was observed at 2 hours after CPA dosing, and the most serious liver injury was measured at 12 hours. The level of serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and malondialdehyde (MDA) was significantly increased, glutathione (GSH) level was significantly decreased, hepatocyte edema and vacuolar degeneration were widely observed in liver tissue, and began to recover 24 hours after dosing. In addition, due to oxidative stress damage caused by CPA, nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) signaling pathway was activated and the mRNA and protein expression of its downstream targets such as quinine oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC) and glutamate cysteine modifier subunit (GCLM) were up-regulated, which alleviated oxidative stress injury. In a summary, this study demonstrate the dynamic change of CPA-induced liver injury and the NRF2-mediated protective mechanisms, providing new insights into the CPA-induced liver injury.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 963-970, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780180

ABSTRACT

This paper summarizes research progresses of Chinese scholars in the field of drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics (DMPK) in 2018. Chinese scholars focused on drug metabolizing enzymes and transporters, and carried out studies on the mechanisms of drug metabolism and transport of active molecules. Topics of research included regulatory mechanisms of drug metabolizing enzymes or transporters, and their implications in drug development and disease etiology or progression. Here, we summarized studies on drug toxicity based on drug metabolism or transport, rational drug use in the clinic, drug metabolism mediated by intestinal flora, metabolism of traditional Chinese medicines, and new technologies or models in DMPK. In recent years, the research focus of drug metabolism in China has transformed from serving for new drug discovery and rational use, to innovation driven and mechanism oriented research. The domestic research topics and technology utilization are gradually aligning with the international conventions.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1337-1343, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780005

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effects of six Schisandra lignans of Wuzhi tablet (WZ, a preparation of ethanol extract of Schisandra sphenanthera) on the pharmacokinetic process of digoxin (DG, a classical P-gp substrate) after intravenous and oral administration in rats. The effect of Schisandra lignans on the transportion of DG in Caco-2 cells was further elucidated. Our data showed that the plasma concentrations of DG were increased to different extent following co-administration of schisandrin A, schisandrin B, schisandrol B and schisantherin A, respectively. Schisandrol B showed the most potent effect among the six lignans. However, schisandrin C and schisandrol A showed little effect on pharmacokinetic of DG. Schisandrol B led to 99.0% (P < 0.05) and 109.2% (P < 0.05) increase in the AUC after orally or intravenously administered of DG, suggesting that co-administration of schisandrol B induced a more potent effect on increasing hepatic bioavailability of DG than that of intestinal. Furthermore, in vitro transport experiment showed that schisandrin A, schisandrin B, schisandrol B and schisantherin A inhibited P-gp-mediated efflux of DG, suggested that these lignans inhibited the P-gp-mediated efflux of DG. In conclusion, the exposure of DG in rats was increased when co-administered with Schisandra lignans, and schisandrol B showed the strongest effect. The dramatic increase in oral bioavailability of digoxin in the presence of schisandrol B may be due to the inhibition of hepatic/renal P-gp activity.

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 749-752, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705120

ABSTRACT

Mulberroside, a glycosylated stilbene, is the main bioactive constituent of white mulberry root-bark ( Sangbaipi) . It is widely used in many famous traditional Chinese medicine pre-scriptions to treat gout, arthritis, and rheumatism through pur-ging diuresis and relieving edema. In recent years, the pharma-cological activity of mulberroside has drawn extensive attention. With the utilization of the techniques and methods of modern pharmacology, a variety of biological activity and pharmacologi-cal effects of mulberroside are discovered gradually. The recent progress in the research on pharmacological effects of mulberro-side was reviewed in this paper to provide reference for the fur-ther development and comprehensive utilization.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 51-57, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779819

ABSTRACT

P-glycoprotein (P-gp), an ATP binding cassette protein, plays a major role in efflux transport of drugs and xenobiotics due to its abundant expression on several barriers. This study aimed to investigate the potential role of PKC/NF-κB-PXR signaling pathway in modulation of P-gp gene expression in human colon adenocarcinoma LS174T. The effect of PMA on MDR1 luciferase activity was investigated by PXR-MDR1 dual luciferase reporter gene assay. Real-time qPCR assay and Western blot analysis were used to study the gene expression of P-gp and NF-κB, respectively. Compared to the vehicle-treated group, PMA statistically decreased P-gp luciferase activity, mRNA expression and protein expression. Moreover, PMA treatment yielded a significant and dose-dependent increase in RelA/p65 translocation to nucleus. Meanwhile, a remarkable increase of the pho-IκBα status was observed in LS174T cells after treatment with PMA (1-100 nmol·L-1). In addition, knockdown of PKCα, NF-κB or PXR can significantly attenuate PMA-induced P-gp suppression.These results suggested that PKC/NF-κB-PXR signaling pathway might play crucial roles in modulation of P-gp gene expression.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1407-1411, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779562

ABSTRACT

The study aims to evaluate the effect of long-term pretreatment of the rat with Wuzhi tablet (WZ) on hepatic and intestinal CYP3A mRNA and protein expression and activity. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were orally administered of midazolam (2 mg·kg-1) with or without 14 days of pretreatment of WZ (0.25 g·kg-1) to determine CYP3A activity. Meanwhile, RNA and protein of rats liver and intestine samples were prepared 24 h after the last dose of 14 days of WZ treatment to determine CYP3A mRNA and protein expression. Long-term treatment of WZ increased the mRNA expression of hepatic Cyp3a1, Cyp3a9 and intestinal Cyp3a9 by 54.6%, 188.3% (PP<0.05), respectively;and increased the protein expression of hepatic CYP3A by 43.2%. However, after long-term treatment of WZ, the AUC of orally administered of midazolam in the WZ group was increased 29.9% (WZ pretreatment group) and 154.2% (WZ coadministered group) compared to that of control group. In conclusion, long-term treatment of WZ increased the mRNA and protein expression of CYP3A, while could inhibit the activity of CYP3A.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1891-2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779348

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to determine the hepatic and small intestinal distribution of active lignans in rats after treated with Wuzhi tablet (WZ, Schisandra sphenanthera extract) by LC-MS/MS method. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were sacrificed at 0.25, 1.5, 4, 6, 10, 24 h after an oral administration of WZ, and then hepatic and small intestinal samples were collected for analysis. The results showed that concentrations of lignans in liver and small intestine of rats were decreased with WZ pretreated time. The concentrations of all lignans in rat liver and small intestine at 0.25 h were the highest after a single oral administration. All lignans was undetectable in all tissues 24 h after oral dosing, suggesting lignans of WZ were eliminated rapidly in rats. The concentrations of schisandrin A, schisandrol B and schisantherin A in small intestine were much higher than those in the liver, suggesting the effect of WZ on the intestinal metabolism enzyme might be more potent than that on the liver. In short, the current results suggest that lignans of WZ were not accumulated in rat liver and small intestine. The concentrations of lignans of WZ in small intestine were much higher than those in liver.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 834-2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779245

ABSTRACT

The study was conducted to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of midazolam (MDZ) under different oral dosages in rats, and determine the optimum oral dosage of MDZ, a CYP3A probe substrate in vivo. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were given a single oral dosages of MDZ at 1, 2, 5, 10, 15 or 20 mg·kg-1. Plasma concentrations of MDZ and its major metabolite 1-hydroxyl midazolam (1-OH MDZ) were determined at different time points using a validated LC-MS/MS method. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using non-compartmental model. The Cmax, AUC0-t and AUC0-∞ of MDZ and 1-OH MDZ were linearly increased over the dose range of 1-5 mg·kg-1 (r > 0.99), but not at the dose of 15 or 20 mg·kg-1. The AUC/Dose at 1-10 mg·kg-1 were not significant different, but that of 15 or 20 mg·kg-1 were significantly higher. No significant sedative reaction was observed in all the rats at dosages of 1-5 mg·kg-1, however loss of righting reflex was observed in rats receiving dosages of 10-20 mg·kg-1. In conclusion, the optimized oral dose of MDZ was 1-5 mg·kg-1 when MDZ is used as the CYP3A probe substrate in rats.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779138

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the function of two SNPs (rs8904C > T and rs696G > A) in 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of NFKBIA gene by constructing luciferase reporter gene. A patient's genomic DNA with rs8904 CC and rs696 GA genotype was used as the PCR template. Full-length 3'UTR of NFKBIA gene was amplified by different primers. After sequencing validation, these fragments were inserted to the luciferase reporter vector, pGL3-promoter to construct recombinant plasmids containing four kinds of haplotypes, pGL3-rs8904C/rs696G, pGL3-rs8904C/rs696A, pGL3-rs8904T/rs696G and pGL3-rs8904T/rs696A. Then these plasmids were transfected into LS174T cells and the luciferase activity was detected. Compared with pGL3- vector transfected cells (negative control), the luciferase activity of the four kinds of recombinant plasmids was significantly decreased (P A, the luciferase activity of the recombinant plasmids containing A allele (pGL3-rs8904C/rs696A and pGL3-rs8904T/rs696A) was about 45.1% (P P T, there were no significant differences in the luciferase activity between the recombinant plasmids containing T allele and those with C allele. Together, the luciferase reporter gene vectors containing SNPs in NFKBIA gene 3'UTR were constructed successfully and rs696G > A could decrease the luciferase activity while rs8904C > T didn't have much effect on the luciferase activity.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 80-85, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320013

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the function of two SNPs (rs8904C > T and rs696G >A) in 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of NFKBIA gene by constructing luciferase reporter gene. A patient's genomic DNA with rs8904 CC and rs696 GA genotype was used as the PCR template. Full-length 3'UTR of NFKBIA gene was amplified by different primers. After sequencing validation, these fragments were inserted to the luciferase reporter vector, pGL3-promoter to construct recombinant plasmids containing four kinds of haplotypes, pGL3-rs8904C/rs696G, pGL3-rs8904C/rs696A, pGL3-rs8904T/rs696G and pGL3-rs8904T/rs696A. Then these plasmids were transfected into LS174T cells and the luciferase activity was detected. Compared with pGL3-vector transfected cells (negative control), the luciferase activity of the four kinds of recombinant plasmids was significantly decreased (P < 0.001). For rs696G > A, the luciferase activity of the recombinant plasmids containing A allele (pGL3-rs8904C/rs696A and pGL3-rs8904T/rs696A) was about 45.1% (P < 0.05) and 56.1% (P < 0.001) lower than those containing G allele (pGL3-rs8904C/rs696G and pGL3-rs8904T/rs696G), respectively. For rs8904C > T, there were no significant differences in the luciferase activity between the recombinant plasmids containing T allele and those with C allele. Together, the luciferase reporter gene vectors containing SNPs in NFKBIA gene 3'UTR were constructed successfully and rs696G > A could decrease the luciferase activity while rs8904C >T didn't have much effect on the luciferase activity.


Subject(s)
3' Untranslated Regions , Genes, Reporter , Genetic Vectors , Humans , I-kappa B Proteins , Genetics , Luciferases , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha , Plasmids , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Transfection
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 794-798, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259548

ABSTRACT

This study is purposed to investigate the effects of praeruptorin A (PA) and praeruptorin C (PC) on UGT1A1 in HepG2 cells through hCAR pathway. PA and PC were incubated with HepG2 cells for 24 h and 48 h, mRNA and protein expressions of UGT1A1 were determined by real-time PCR and Western blotting assays. Additionally, effects of PA and PC on UGT1A1 mRNA and protein expressions were also measured after transient transfection of a specific CAR siRNA for 72 h in HepG2 cells. UGT1A1 mRNA and protein expression levels were significantly increased by PA and PC after incubation for 48 h. Moreover, the mRNA and protein up-regulations of UGT1A1 were attenuated by transient transfection of a specific CAR siRNA, suggesting the induction was mediated by CAR. The results suggest that PA and PC can significantly up-regulate UGT1A1 expression partially via the CAR-mediated pathway.


Subject(s)
Apiaceae , Chemistry , Coumarins , Pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Glucuronosyltransferase , Genetics , Metabolism , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Metabolism , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Transfection
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 773-779, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233057

ABSTRACT

Drug metabolism will change significantly during inflammation, including the reduction of expression and activity of many drug metabolizing enzymes and transporters. Body would release a series of inflammatory cytokines which can regulate drug metabolizing enzymes. Recent studies have revealed that drug transporters are also regulated by the cytokines with obvious species difference. Mechanism studies show that several transcription factors play important roles during the signal pathways of regulation. This review focuses on the progress in the regulation of drug transporters during inflammation.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 11 , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B , Metabolism , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2 , ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters , Metabolism , Animals , Biological Transport , Humans , Inflammation , Metabolism , Membrane Transport Proteins , Metabolism , Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins , Metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Organic Anion Transporters , Metabolism , Organic Cation Transport Proteins , Metabolism , Signal Transduction
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1173-1177, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233016

ABSTRACT

Nuclear receptors pregnane X receptor (PXR) and constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) are originally characterized as transcription factors regulating many target genes. Recent works have revealed that these nuclear receptors play critical roles in regulating genes that encode drug metabolism enzymes and modulating hepatic energy metabolism, such as down-regulating gluconeogenesis, fatty acid oxidation, and ketogenesis, as well as up-regulating lipogenesis. Studies on PXR and CAR have important implication on drug-drug interaction (DDI) and potential disease treatment targets.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug Interactions , Energy Metabolism , Glucose , Metabolism , Glucose-6-Phosphate , Metabolism , Humans , Inflammation , Metabolism , Lipid Metabolism , Liver , Metabolism , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear , Physiology , Receptors, Steroid , Physiology
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 487-492, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348930

ABSTRACT

Regulation of the activity of CYP450 has always been research focus of drug metabolism. The effect of compounds on the mRNA and protein expression level of CYP450 is the main purpose of most of the existing reports. In recent years, the protein modification in the posttranslation level has been found to participate in maintaining the proper function of CYP450, thus effect of posttranslational modification on the enzyme activity has been paid more and more attention. Posttranslational modifications including phosphorylation, nitration, and ubiquitination have been described to regulate the activity of CYP450. In this paper, recent developments in the effects of posttranslational modifications on the activity of CYP450 have been reviewed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Genetics , Metabolism , Glycosylation , Humans , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Oxidation-Reduction , Phosphorylation , Protein Processing, Post-Translational , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Ubiquitination
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1198-1204, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232618

ABSTRACT

The inhibition activity of 36 flavonoids against CYP1A2 was determined by our previously developed in vitro method. The Comparative Molecular Similarity Indexes Analysis (CoMSJA) approach was used to probe the quantitative relationships between the flavonoids' molecular structural descriptors and their inhibitory activities. A reliable CoMSIA model with the combined electrostatic and hydrophobic fields was derived with the regression coefficient R2 of 0.948 and the cross-validation regression coefficient q2 of 0.630, separately, which is capable of elucidating the quantitative relationship between the 3D structural descriptors of the flavones and their bioactivities. Comparing with flavone, the larger pi-pi conjugated system of alpha-naphthoflavone significantly improved the biologically inhibitory ability. Based on the core structure of the latter, either electropositive substituents or hydrophobic groups at the 6, 3', and 4' ring positions or electronegative counterparts at the 5 ring position, can enhance the inhibitory potency against CYP1 A2 according to the CoMSIA contour maps.


Subject(s)
Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 , Metabolism , Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 Inhibitors , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Microsomes, Liver , Metabolism , Models, Molecular , Molecular Structure , Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL