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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940345


ObjectiveTo reveal the mechanism of action of Huangqi Guizhi Wuwutang in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis by pharmacological research based on its clinical application. MethodThe collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rat model was established by injecting bovine type Ⅱ collagen and Freund's adjuvant at the tail, and was treated with different concentrations of Huangqi Guizhi Wuwutang. The rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, methotrexate (0.9 mg·kg-1) group, and Huangqi Guizhi Wuwutang low- and high-dose (5.13, 20.52 g·kg-1·d-1) groups, with continuous intragastric administration for 4 weeks. The degree of joint swelling, weight, degree of foot swelling and arthritis index score were determined and the pathological changes of ankle joints were detected by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining to observe the therapeutic effect of Huangqi Guizhi Wuwutang on rheumatoid arthritis. In addition, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot were used to measure the expression of interleukin 1β (IL-1β), interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 10 (IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in serum and the expression of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) pathway related proteins in synovial tissue, respectively to clarify the molecular mechanism of Huangqi Guizhi Wuwutang in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. ResultCompared with the conditions in blank group, the body weight and IL-10 level were decreased (P<0.01), and the degree of foot swelling and arthritis index score, the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α, and the expression of NF-κB pathway related proteins were increased (P<0.01,) in the model group, with impaired morphology and function of the ankle joint. Additionally, compared with the model group, Huangqi Guizhi Wuwutang low- and high-dose groups had increased body weight of rats and IL-10 level (P<0.01), and reduced degree of foot swelling and arthritis index score (P<0.05, P<0.01), levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α (P<0.01) and expression of NF-κB pathway related proteins (P<0.05, P<0.01), with improved function and morphology of the ankle joint. ConclusionHuangqi Guizhi Wuwutang can significantly alleviate joint inflammatory injury by down-regulating NF-κB pathway and reducing the inflammatory response in CIA rats.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940344


ObjectiveTo study the inhibitory effect of Banxia Houputang (BHT) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation of microglia (BV2) cells and the neuroprotective effect on human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells. MethodAfter the neuroinflammatory model was constructed by LPS inducing BV2 cells, model group (LPS 100 µg·L-1), administration groups (LPS+1 g·L-1 BHT, LPS+2 g·L-1 BHT, LPS+5 g·L-1 BHT, LPS+10 g·L-1 BHT), and blank group were given DEME medium at the same volume. In addition, neuronal apoptosis model was established by co-culture of LPS-induced BV2 cell inflammation medium and SH-SY5Y cells (LPS-DMEM) and was administrated according to the above grouping. Cell viability was detected by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. The content of nitric oxide (NO) and that of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were determined by Griess aasay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. The mRNA levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, interleukin-4 (IL-4), nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and interleukin-10 (IL-10) were measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-rime PCR). Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB p65), protein kinase B (Akt), inhibitor of nuclear factor κB α (IκBα), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), and Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax). ResultCompared with blank group, LPS increased the NO release, levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, and iNOS and protein expression of Akt, NF-κB p65, IκBα, JAK2 and STAT3, decreased the content of IL-4 and IL-10 in BV2 cells, and induced apoptosis of co-cultured SH-SY5Y cells (P<0.01). Compared with model group, BHT reduced the content of NO, TNF-α, IL-1β, and iNOS (P<0.01) and protein expression of Akt, NF-κB p65, IκBα, JAK2 and STAT3 (P<0.01), elevated the content of IL-4 and IL-10 (P<0.01), and inhibited the apoptosis of SH-SY5Y cells induced by LPS-DMEM (P<0.01). ConclusionThis experiment reveals that BHT inhibited LPS-induced inflammation in BV2 cells by regulating Akt/NF-κB/JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway and showed neuroprotective effects on SH-SY5Y cells.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879144


This paper aimed to explore the mechanism of the split components of Phytolaccae Radix by means of network pharmaco-logy. Based on the theoretical hypothesis of the nature and taste of traditional Chinese medicine, the chemical components of the separated components of Phytolaccae Radix were selected by using Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database(TCMSP) and Traditional Chinese Medicines IntegratedDatabase(TCMID) databases in combination with related literatures. Relevant target analysis was carried out based on PubChem and SwissTargetPrediction databases. Targets corresponding to disease were excavated based on GeneCards for each split component, corresponding potential targets were obtained through mapping the target set of target compounds to disease targets. GO biological process analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were performed on the mapped targets with the help of DAVID database. Based on Cytoscape software and the corresponding efficacy, the network diagram of "medicinal material-split components-compound-target-pathway" was constructed to explore the mechanism of different efficacy of the separated components of Cytoscape. And the target purgation and diuretic mapping was used as the target of the traditional efficacy of smoothening secretion for the first time. The study explored esculentoside component, fatty oil component and phenolic acid component, a total of 30 target compounds and 301 corresponding targets, involving 44 potential targets for "anti-inflammatory", 50 potential targets for "immunoregulation", 52 potential targets for "smoothening secretion", 28 potential targets for "antibacterial activity", 28 potential targets for "antiviral effect", and 29 potential targets for "antitumor effect". Topological analysis revealed 14 key gene targets such as MAPK8, MAPK14, EGFR and PTGS2. A total of 684 GO entries and 235 KEGG pathways were obtained through bioinformatics enrichment analysis, mainly involving TNF signaling pathway, NF-kappaB signaling pathway and MAPK signaling pathway. This study revealed the multi-component, multi-target, and multi-channel action mechanism of the split components of Phytolaccae Radix, which provided certain basis for the next step to clarify the split components of Phytolaccae Radix through the method of system biology, and injected new content and significance into the study of properties and flavors theory.

Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Signal Transduction , Software